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Encyclopedia > Fifth disease
Fifth disease
Classification & external resources
Toddler with "slapped cheek" characteristic of the fifth disease.
ICD-10 B08.3
ICD-9 057.0

Fifth disease is also referred to as erythema infectiosum (meaning infectious redness) and as slapped cheek syndrome, slap face or slapped face.The name "fifth disease" is mainly historical: it is the fifth in the list of diseases causing childhood exanthemata (rashes). In 1975, its cause was discovered to be Parvovirus B19. Image File history File links Fifth disease, erythema infectiosum, slapped cheek. It must have been parvovirus, because one of the parents had a week of arthritis about two weeks before this child developed the slapped cheek aspect :-) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The following codes are used with International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... // A00-A79 - Bacterial infections, and other intestinal infectious diseases, and STDs (A00-A09) Intestinal infectious diseases (A00) Cholera (A01) Typhoid and paratyphoid fevers (A010) Typhoid fever (A02) Other Salmonella infections (A03) Shigellosis (A04) Other bacterial intestinal infections (A040) Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli infection (A045) Campylobacter enteritis (A046) Enteritis due to Yersinia... The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (most commonly known by the abbreviation ICD) provides codes to classify diseases and a wide variety of signs, symptoms, abnormal findings, complaints, social circumstances and external causes of injury or disease. ... The following is a list of codes for International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... Erythema is an abnormal redness of the skin caused by capillary congestion. ... An exanthem is a rash, usually viral, and usually in children. ... Parvovirus B19 (B19 virus) was the first (and, until 2005, only) human parvovirus to be discovered, by chance in 1975 by the Australian virologist Yvonne Cossart. ...


Symptoms

The bright red cheeks are a defining symptom of the infection in children (hence the name "slapped cheek disease"), but the rash will not extend over the bridge of the nose or around the mouth. In addition to the red cheeks, children often develop a red, lacy rash on the rest of the body, with the upper arms and legs being the most common locations. Patients are usually no longer infectious once the characteristic rash of this disease has appeared. A typical rash A rash is a change in the skin which affects its appearance or texture. ...


Teenagers and adults may present with a self-limited arthritis. Babies can turn purple. Arthritis (from Greek arthro-, joint + -itis, inflammation; plural: arthritides) is a group of conditions where there is damage caused to the joints of the body. ...


The disease is usually mild, but it does have the ability to cause some serious problems: it is associated with spontaneous abortion in pregnant women, and with transient aplastic crisis in persons with chronic hemolytic anemia. Primary infection in the first trimester has been linked to hydrops fetalis. The rash can last a couple of weeks (some cases lasting for several months) and may itch. Hemolytic anemia is anemia due to hemolysis, the abnormal breakdown of red blood cells either in the blood vessels (intravascular hemolysis) or elsewhere in the body (extravascular). ... Hydrops fetalis is a blood condition in the fetus characterized by an edema in the fetal subcutaneous tissue, sometimes leading to spontaneous abortion. ...


Epidemiology

Any age may be affected although it is most common in children aged five to fourteen years. By the time adulthood is reached about half the population will have become immune following infection at some time in their past. Outbreaks can arise especially in nurseries and schools.


External links

  • CDC
  • eMedicine
  • Parvovirus Information

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dr. Koop - Fifth Disease- Health Encyclopedia and Reference (470 words)
Fifth disease is a viral disease, caused by parvovirus 19, that takes its name from being the fifth of six pediatric disorders identified by scientists.
Fifth disease is an acute, benign infectious disease, mainly of children, characterized by fever and an erythematous rash beginning on the cheeks and appearing later on the arms, thighs, buttocks and trunk.
Fifth disease is caused by infection with parvovirus 19, a common virus.
Fifth disease - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (318 words)
Toddler with "slapped cheek" characteristic of the fifth disease.
Fifth disease is also referred to as erythema infectiosum (meaning infectious redness) and as slapped cheek syndrome, slap face or slapped face.
The disease is usually mild, but it does have the ability to cause some serious problems: it is associated with spontaneous abortion in pregnant women, and with transient aplastic crisis in persons with chronic hemolytic anemia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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