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Encyclopedia > Fiddler on the Roof
Fiddler on the Roof
Original Broadway Windowcard evoking the artwork of Marc Chagall, source of the title.
Music Jerry Bock
Lyrics Sheldon Harnick
Book Joseph Stein
Based upon Tevye and his Daughters by Sholem Aleichem
Productions 1964 Broadway
1971 film
2003 UK Tour
2004 Broadway revival
2007 West End revival
2008 UK Tour
Awards Tony Award for Best Musical
Tony Award for Best Score
Tony Award for Best Book

Fiddler on the Roof is a musical with music by Jerry Bock, lyrics by Sheldon Harnick, and book by Joseph Stein, set in tsarist Russia in 1905. Fiddler on the Roof is the 1971 film version of the Broadway musical of the same name. ... Poster for Fiddler on the roof - original production. ... Marc Chagall as photographed in 1941 by Carl Van Vechten. ... Jerry Bock (born 1928) is a Jewish-American musical theatre composer best known for his collaboration with lyricist Sheldon Harnick on shows such as Fiddler on the Roof. ... Sheldon Harnick (born 1924) is an American lyricist best known for his collaboration with composer Jerry Bock on hit musicals such as Fiddler on the Roof. ... Joseph Stein (born May 30, 1912, New York City) is a Jewish-American playwright best known for his books for hit musicals such as Fiddler on the Roof, Zorba, Rags, Take Me Along, and The Bakers Wife. ... Tevye is the protagonist of several of Sholom Aleichems stories, originally written in Yiddish and first published in 1894, most famously the fictional memoir Tevye and his Daughters, about a pious Jewish milkman in Tzarist Russia, and the troubles he has with his daughters (Tevye has six daughters — in... This article is about the writer. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... Fiddler on the Roof is the 1971 film version of the Broadway musical of the same name. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... A concert comprises a performance, usually involving some degree of formality, and particularly a performance featuring music. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... A revival is a restaging of a former hit play at a later date. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... // West End most commonly refers to: West End of London West End theatre West End may also refer to: West End, Queensland in Brisbane West End, Queensland (Townsville) in Townsville West End, Vancouver of Vancouver, British Columbia West End of New Westminster, in British Columbia West End, Winnipeg of Winnipeg... A revival is a restaging of a former hit play at a later date. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... A concert comprises a performance, usually involving some degree of formality, and particularly a performance featuring music. ... // 1940s 1949 Kiss Me, Kate - Music and lyrics by Cole Porter, book by Bella and Samuel Spewack. ... The Tony Award for Best Original Score is the Tony Award given to the composers and lyricists of the best original score written for a musical in that year. ... The Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical is the Tony awarded to the librettist(s) of the musical. ... The Black Crook (1866), considered by some historians to be the first musical[1] Musical theatre is a form of theatre combining music, songs, spoken dialogue and dance. ... Jerry Bock (born 1928) is a Jewish-American musical theatre composer best known for his collaboration with lyricist Sheldon Harnick on shows such as Fiddler on the Roof. ... Look up lyrics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sheldon Harnick (born 1924) is an American lyricist best known for his collaboration with composer Jerry Bock on hit musicals such as Fiddler on the Roof. ... Joseph Stein (born May 30, 1912, New York City) is a Jewish-American playwright best known for his books for hit musicals such as Fiddler on the Roof, Zorba, Rags, Take Me Along, and The Bakers Wife. ... Tsar (Bulgarian, Serbian and Macedonian цар, Russian  , in scientific transliteration respectively car and car ), occasionally spelled Czar or Tzar and sometimes Csar or Zar in English, is a Slavonic term designating certain monarchs. ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ...


Fiddler on the Roof was originally entitled Tevye. It is based on Tevye and his Daughters (or Tevye the Milkman) and other tales by Sholem Aleichem which he wrote in Yiddish and published in 1894.[1] The story centers on Tevye, the father of five daughters, and his attempts to maintain his family and religious traditions while outside influences encroach upon their lives. He must cope with both the strong-willed actions of his three older daughters—each daughter's choice of husband moves progressively further away from established customs—and with the edict of the Tsar that evicts the Jews from their village. Tevye is the protagonist of several of Sholom Aleichems stories, originally written in Yiddish and first published in 1894, most famously the fictional memoir Tevye and his Daughters, about a pious Jewish milkman in Tzarist Russia, and the troubles he has with his daughters (Tevye has six daughters — in... This article is about the writer. ... Yiddish (ייִדיש, Jiddisch) is a Germanic language spoken by about four million Jews throughout the world. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Tevye is the protagonist of several of Sholom Aleichems stories, originally written in Yiddish and first published in 1894, most famously the fictional memoir Tevye and his Daughters, about a pious Jewish milkman in Tzarist Russia, and the troubles he has with his daughters (Tevye has six daughters — in... Tsar (Bulgarian, Serbian and Macedonian цар, Russian  , in scientific transliteration respectively car and car ), occasionally spelled Czar or Tzar and sometimes Csar or Zar in English, is a Slavonic term designating certain monarchs. ...


The musical's title stems from a painting by Marc Chagall,[2] one of many surreal paintings he created of Eastern European Jewish life, often including a fiddler. The Fiddler is a metaphor for survival, through tradition and joyfulness, in a life of uncertainty and imbalance. Marc Chagall as photographed in 1941 by Carl Van Vechten. ...


The original Broadway production of the show, which opened in 1964, was the first musical to surpass the 3,000 performance mark, and it held the record for longest-running Broadway musical for almost 10 years until Grease surpassed its run. The production earned $1,574 for every dollar invested in it.[3] For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... Grease is a musical by Jim Jacobs and Warren Casey. ...


The show was highly acclaimed and nominated for ten Tony Awards, winning nine, including Best Musical, score, book, direction and choreography. It spawned four Broadway revivals, a successful 1971 film adaptation, and has enjoyed enduring international popularity. Joseph Stein, who wrote the book for Fiddler, created a version of the show called Fiddler on the Roof, Jr. for elementary and middle schools, which cuts out a few of the scenes, including the dream sequence. What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... Fiddler on the Roof is the 1971 film version of the Broadway musical of the same name. ...

Contents

Productions

1964 Broadway production

The original Broadway production opened on September 22, 1964 at the Imperial Theatre, transferred in 1967 to the Majestic Theatre and in 1970 to The Broadway Theatre, and ran for a record-setting total of 3,242 performances. The production was directed and choreographed by Jerome Robbins—his last Broadway staging. Original producer Fred Coe was replaced by producer Harold Prince. The cast included Zero Mostel as Tevye the milkman, Maria Karnilova as his wife Golde (each of whom won a Tony for their performances), Beatrice Arthur and later Florence Stanley as Yente the matchmaker, Austin Pendleton as Motel, Bert Convy and later Ralph Purri as Perchik the student revolutionary, Gino Conforti as the fiddler, and Julia Migenes as Hodel. Joanna Merlin originated the role of Tzeitel, which was later assumed by Bette Midler and Mimi Turque during the original run. Adrienne Barbeau took a turn as Hodel, and Pia Zadora played the youngest daughter, Bielke. Peg Murray made an extended appearance as Golde, while other stage actors who have played Tevye include Herschel Bernardi (in the original Broadway run), Theodore Bikel, and Leonard Nimoy. is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... The Imperial Theater can also refer to the Imperial Garden Theater in Tokyo, Japan The Imperial Theater was the Schubert brothers fiftieth theater in New York City. ... The Majestic Theatre is a Broadway theatre at 245 West 44th Street in Manhattan, New York City. ... The Broadway Theatre, showing The Color Purple, May 2007 Entrance The Broadway Theatre is a legitimate Broadway theatre located at 1681 Broadway in midtown-Manhattan. ... Jerome Robbins (October 11, 1918 - July 29, 1998) was an American choreographer whose work has included everything from classical ballet to contemporary musical theater. ... Fred Coe (December 13, 1914 - April 29, 1979) was a television producer and director most famous for the The Philco Television Playhouse in 1948-1955 and Playhouse 90 from 1957 to 1959. ... Hal Prince (born January 30, 1928), full name Harold Smith Prince, is a theatre producer and director associated with many of the best-known Broadway musical (and less notably, dramatic) productions of the past half-century. ... Mostel in Sirocco (1951) Zero Mostel (February 28, 1915 – September 8, 1977) was a Brooklyn-born stage and film actor best known for his portrayal of comic characters such as Tevye in Fiddler on the Roof , Pseudolus in A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, and Max... Maria Karnilova (Born Maria Dovgolenko August, 1920--April, 2001) was a Tony Award winning American performing actress. ... Beatrice Arthur (born Bernice Frankel, May 13, 1922), also billed as Bea Arthur, is a two-time Emmy Award-winning and Tony Award winning American comedian, actor and singer. ... Florence Schwartz (born July 1, 1924 - Oct. ... The Shidduch (Hebrew: שידוך, pl. ... Austin Pendleton (born on 27 March 1940 in Warren, Ohio, USA) is an American movie, television and stage actor. ... Bernard Whalen Bert Convy (July 23, 1933 – July 15, 1991) was an American game show host and panelist, actor and singer known for his tenure as the host for Tattletales, Super Password, and Win, Lose or Draw. ... Gino Conforti (born 30 January 1932) is an American actor best known for his television roles. ... Julia Migenes (born March 13, 1949) is an American soprano. ... Bette Midler (born December 1, 1945) is an American singer, actress and comedienne, also known to her fans as The Divine Miss M. She is named after the actress Bette Davis although Davis pronounced her first name in two syllables, and Midler uses one. ... Adrienne Jo Barbeau (born June 11, 1945) is an American television, film, and musical theater actress. ... Pia Zadora (born May 4, 1954) is an American actress and singer. ... Herschel Bernardi (20 October 1923 New York City - 9 May 1986 Los Angeles, California) was an American film, Broadway and television actor. ... Theodore Bikel. ... Leonard Simon Nimoy (born March 26, 1931) is an American actor, film director, poet, musician and photographer. ...

1967 London production

The original West End production opened on February 16, 1967 at Her Majesty's Theatre and played for 2,030 performances. It starred Chaim Topol, who would also play Tevye in the 1971 film adaptation and the 1990 Broadway revival, and Miriam Karlin as Golde. Alfie Bass and Lex Goudsmit eventually took over as Tevye. The show was revived in London in for short seasons in 1983 at The Apollo Victoria Theatre and in 1994 at The London Palladium. West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre... A perfomance at Opera House, Haymarket, predecessor of Her Majestys Theatre in circa 1808. ... Chaim Topol (Hebrew: חיים טופול) (born September 9, 1935), often billed simply as Topol, is one of the most famous Israeli theatrical and film performers. ... Miriam Karlin (born 23 June 1925 in London) is a British actress. ... Alfie Bass as the Giant in The Goodies and the Beanstalk (VHS) Alfred Bass (April 8, 1921 – July 15, 1987) was a diminutive cockney-accented Jewish actor, born in Bethnal Green, London, England. ... Lex Goudsmit (born March 15th, 1913, died December 10, 1999) was an actor, best known for playing grandpa Lex on Sesamstraat. ...

1976, 1981 and 1990 Broadway revivals

The first Broadway revival opened on December 28, 1976 and ran for 176 performances at the Winter Garden Theatre. Zero Mostel starred as Tevye. Robbins directed and choreographed. A second Broadway revival opened on July 9, 1981 and ran for 53 performances at Lincoln Center's New York State Theater. It starred Herschel Bernardi as Tevye and Karnilova as Golde. Robbins directed and choreographed. The third Broadway revival opened on November 18, 1990 and ran for 241 performances at the George Gershwin Theatre. Topol starred as Tevye, and Marcia Lewis was Golde. Robbins' production was reproduced by Ruth Mitchell and choreographer Sammy Dallas Bayes. The production won the Tony Award for Best Revival. is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Winter Garden Theatre is a Broadway theatre. ... Mostel in Sirocco (1951) Zero Mostel (February 28, 1915 – September 8, 1977) was a Brooklyn-born stage and film actor best known for his portrayal of comic characters such as Tevye in Fiddler on the Roof , Pseudolus in A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, and Max... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... The Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center. ... , The New York State Theater at Lincoln Center, seen from the Lincoln Center Plaza. ... Herschel Bernardi (20 October 1923 New York City - 9 May 1986 Los Angeles, California) was an American film, Broadway and television actor. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The George Gershwin Theatre, located at 222 West 51st Street in New York City, was originally built as the Uris Theatre in 1972. ... Marcia Lewis (born August 8, 1938) is an American character actress. ...

2004 Broadway revival

A fourth Broadway revival opened on February 26, 2004 and ran for 36 previews and 781 performances at the Minskoff Theatre. Alfred Molina, and later Harvey Fierstein, starred as Tevye; and Randy Graff, and later Andrea Martin and Rosie O'Donnell, was Golde. It was directed by David Leveaux. The production was nominated for six Tonys but did not win any. is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Minskoff Theatre is a Broadway theatre. ... Alfred Molina (born May 24, 1953) is an English actor of both the stage and screen. ... Harvey Forbes Fierstein (born June 6, 1952 in Brooklyn, New York) is a Jewish Tony Award-winning and Emmy Award-winning [1] American actor, playwright, and screenwriter. ... Randy Graff (seen here in the middle) on opening night of Fiddler on the Roof (2004) Randy Graff (born May 23, 1955 in Brooklyn, New York) is a Tony-winning American actress. ... Andrea Martin (born January 15, 1947) is a Tony Award-winning American actor and comedienne. ... Rosie ODonnell (born March 21, 1962 in Bayside, Queens, New York) is an 11-time Emmy Award-winning American talk show host, television personality, comedienne, film, television, and stage actress. ...

1983, 1994 and 2007 London revivals

Fiddler was first revived in London in 1983 at the Apollo Victoria Theatre (a four-month season starring Topol) and again in 1994 at the London Palladium for two months and then on tour, again starring Topol, and directed and choreographed by Sammy Dallas Bayes, recreating the Robbins production.[4] The Apollo Victoria Theatre is a West End theatre on Wilton Road near Victoria station in London. ... The London Palladium in 2004 The London Palladium is a 2,286 seat West End theatre located off Oxford Street in the City of Westminster. ...


After a two-month tryout at the Crucible Theatre in Sheffield, England, a London revival opened on May 19, 2007 at the Savoy Theatre starring Henry Goodman as Tevye, Beverley Klein as Golde, Alexandra Silber as Hodel, Damian Humbley as Perchik, Victor McGuire as Lazar Wolf and Julie Legrand as Yente. The production is directed by Lindsay Posner. Robbins' choreography is recreated by Sammy Dallas Bayes (who did the same for the 1990 Broadway revival), with additional choreography by Kate Flatt.[5] The production is scheduled to run through 16 February 2008. For other uses, see Sheffield (disambiguation). ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Savoy Theatre London, December 2003 The Savoy Theatre, which opened on 10 October 1881, was built by Richard DOyly Carte (1844 - 1901) on the site of the old Savoy Palace in London as a showcase for the works of Gilbert and Sullivan, which became known as the Savoy Operas... Henry Goodman is a theatre actor. ... Victor McGuire is an English actor. ...


Synopsis

Act I

Tevye, the philosophical village milkman, explains the customs of the Jewish people and their lives in the Russian shtetl of Anatevka in 1905, where life is as precarious as the perch of a fiddler on a roof ("Tradition"). At Tevye's home, everyone is busy preparing for the Sabbath meal. His sharp-tongued wife, Golde, orders their five daughters, Tzeitel, Hodel, Chava, Shprintze, and Bielke, about their tasks. A shtetl (Yiddish: , diminutive form of Yiddish shtot שטאָט, town, pronounced very similarly to the South German diminutiveStädtle, little town) was typically a small town with a large Jewish population in pre-Holocaust Central and Eastern Europe. ... For other uses, see Sabbath. ...


Yente, the village matchmaker, arrives to tell Golde that Lazar Wolf, the wealthy butcher, a widower of Tevye's age, wants to wed Tzeitel, their eldest daughter. The two middle daughters, Hodel and Chava, speculate excitedly about what their mother and the matchmaker were talking about, but the eldest daughter Tzeitel warns them not be so hasty. They are poor, so their parents will have no choice but to take whatever husband Yente brings ("Matchmaker"). Tzeitel is not eager to have a match found for her, as she is already in love with the tailor, Motel Kamzoil, her friend since childhood. This page refers to human matchmakers, for modern matchmaking which tends to substitute information technology or game-like rules for the experts finesse see dating system. ...


Tevye's horse is lame, and he must pull the cart himself. He asks God, whom it would hurt "If I Were a Rich Man"? The men of the village confront Tevye, as he is late delivering their milk and cheese. Avram, the bookseller, has news from the outside world about pogroms and expulsions. A student from Kiev, Perchik, newly arrived in town, hears their conversation and scolds them for doing nothing more than talk. The men dismiss Perchik as a radical, but Tevye takes a liking to him and invites him home for the Sabbath meal, offering him room and board in exchange for tutoring his two youngest daughters. Golde tells Tevye to meet Lazar after the Sabbath but does not tell him why, knowing that Tevye does not like Lazar. Tzeitel is afraid that Yente will find her a husband before Motel asks Tevye for her hand. But Motel resists: he is shy and afraid of Tevye's temper, and tradition says that a matchmaker arranges marriages. Motel is also very poor and is saving up to buy a sewing machine before he approaches Tevye, to show that he can support a wife. The family gathers around for the "Sabbath Prayer." If I Were a Rich Man is the original song for the musical Fiddler on the Roof. ... The Russian word pogrom (погром) refers to a massive violent attack on people with simultaneous destruction of their environment (homes, businesses, religious centers). ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ...


After the Sabbath, Tevye goes to meet Lazar at Mordcha's inn, and assumes mistakenly that Lazar wants to buy his milk cow. After the misunderstanding is cleared up, Tevye agrees to let Lazar marry Tzeitel – with a rich butcher, he knows that his daughter will never starve. All join in the celebration of Lazar's good fortune; even the Russian youths at the inn join in the celebration and show off their dancing skills ("To Life"). Outside the inn, Tevye bumps into the Russian Constable, who has jurisdiction over the Jews in the town. The Constable warns him that there is going to be a "demonstration" in the coming weeks (a euphemism for a minor pogrom). The Constable has sympathy for the Jewish community but is powerless to prevent the violence. A euphemism is the substitution of an agreeable or less offensive expression in place of one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant to the listener;[1] or in the case of doublespeak, to make it less troublesome for the speaker. ... Pogrom (from Russian: ; from громить IPA: - to wreak havoc, to demolish violently) is a form of riot directed against a particular group, whether ethnic, religious or other, and characterized by destruction of their homes, businesses and religious centres. ...


The next morning, a hungover Tevye delivers the news to the family that he has agreed that Tzeitel will marry Lazar Wolf. Golde is overjoyed, but Tzeitel is horrified and pleads with Tevye to reconsider. Motel arrives and gathers the courage to tell Tevye that he and Tzeitel gave each other a pledge to marry. Tevye is outraged at this breach of tradition, but Motel argues that even a poor tailor is entitled to some happiness. Tevye is impressed when the once-timid young tailor stands up for himself and, moved by his daughter's earnestness, gives his assent ("Tevye's Monologue"); but he worries about how to break the news to Golde. An overjoyed Motel celebrates with Tzeitel ("Miracle of Miracles"). For other uses, see Hangover (disambiguation). ...


That night in bed with Golde, Tevye has an inspiration: he tells Golde that he has had a nightmare ("Tevye's Dream"). She offers to interpret his dream, and Tevye "describes" it. Golde's grandmother Tzeitel (for whom their daughter is named) returned from the grave to bless the marriage of her namesake, but to Motel, not to Lazar Wolf. Lazar's formidable late wife, Fruma Sarah, also rises from her grave to warn, in graphic terms, of severe retribution if Tzeitel marries Lazar. Tevye's superstitious wife is terrified, and she quickly counsels that Tzeitel must marry Motel, much to Tevye's secret relief. While returning from town, Tevye's middle daughter, the bookish Chava, is teased and intimidated by some Russian youths, but one of them, Fyedka, protects her, dismissing the others. He offers Chava the loan of a book, and a secret relationship begins. This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...


The wedding day of Tzeitel and Motel arrives, and all the Jews join the ceremony ("Sunrise, Sunset") and the celebration ("The Wedding Dance"). Lazar gives a fine gift, but an argument arises with Tevye over the broken agreement. Perchik ends the tiff by breaking another tradition: he crosses the barrier between the men and women to dance with Tevye's daughter Hodel. The celebration ends abruptly when a group of Russians rides into the village to perform the "demonstration". They disrupt the party, damaging the wedding gifts and wounding Perchik, who attempts to fight back, and wreaking more destruction in the village. Ever practical, Tevye advises everyone to clean up the mess.


Act II

Months later, Perchik tells Hodel he must return to Kiev to work for the revolution. He proposes marriage, admitting that he loves her, and says that he will send for her. She agrees ("Now I Have Everything"). They tell Tevye that they are engaged, and he is appalled that they are flouting tradition by making their own match, especially as Perchik is leaving. When he forbids the marriage, Perchik and Hodel inform him that they do not seek his permission, only his blessing. After some soul searching, Tevye finally relents – the world is changing, and he must change with it ("Tevye's Rebuttal"). ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... Look up blessing in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Tevye explains these events to an astonished Golde. "Love," he says, "it's the new style." Tevye asks Golde, "Do You Love Me?" She admits that after 25 years of living and struggling together and raising five daughters, she does. Other events are moving apace. Yente tells Tzeitel that she saw Chava with Fyedka. News spreads quickly in Anatevka ("The Rumor"). Perchik has been arrested and exiled to Siberia, and Hodel is determined to join him there. At the railway station, she explains to her father that her home is with her beloved wherever he may be, yet she will always love her family ("Far from the Home I Love"). This article is about Siberia as a whole. ...


Weeks pass, and Chava finally gathers the courage to ask Tevye to allow her marriage to Fyedka. Again Tevye reaches deep into his soul, but marriage outside the Jewish faith is a line that he cannot cross. He forbids Chava ever to speak to Fyedka again. When Golde brings the news that Chava has eloped with Fyedka, Tevye wonders where he went wrong ("Chaveleh"). Chava returns and tries to reason with him, but he refuses to speak to her and tells the rest of the family to consider her dead. Meanwhile, rumors are spreading of the Russians forcing Jewish villagers to leave their villages. While the villagers are gathered, the Constable arrives to tell everyone that they have three days to pack up and leave the town. In shock, they reminisce about the miserable town, and how hard it will be to leave what has for so long been their home ("Anatevka"). For other uses, see Faith (disambiguation). ...


As the Jews leave Anatevka, Chava and Fyedka stop to tell her family that they too are leaving. Her mother and sisters are afraid to talk to her with Tevye present. Although Tevye does not speak directly to Chava, he mutters, "God be with you." As Tevye and his family leave the village for America, the fiddler begins to play. Tevye beckons with a nod, and the fiddler follows them out of the village.


Songs

Act I
  • Prologue: Tradition — Tevye and the Company
  • Matchmaker — Tzeitel, Hodel, and Chava
  • If I Were a Rich Man — Tevye
  • Sabbath Prayer — Tevye, Golde, and the Company
  • To Life — Tevye, Lazar Wolf, and the Company
  • Tevye's Monologue — Tevye
  • Miracle of Miracles — Motel, Tzeitel
  • Tevye's Dream — Tevye, Golde, Grandma Tzeitel, Fruma Sarah, and the Company
  • Sunrise, Sunset — Tevye, Golde, Perchik, Hodel, and the Company
  • The Bottle Dance — Instrumental
Act II
  • Now I Have Everything — Perchik and Hodel
  • Tevye's Rebuttal — Tevye
  • Do You Love Me? — Tevye and Golde
  • The Rumor — Yente and villagers
  • Far From the Home I Love — Hodel
  • Chaveleh (Little Bird) — Tevye
  • Anatevka — The Company
  • The Leave Taking - Tevye and Family, Fiddler
  • The 2004 revival featured a song sung by Yente and some women of the village entitled "Topsy Turvy," discussing the disappearing role of the matchmaker in society.

This page refers to human matchmakers, for modern matchmaking which tends to substitute information technology or game-like rules for the experts finesse see dating system. ...

Awards

The Broadway production won nine Tony Awards: What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ...

The 1990 Broadway revival won the Tony for Best Revival. Mostel in Sirocco (1951) Zero Mostel (February 28, 1915 – September 8, 1977) was a Brooklyn-born stage and film actor best known for his portrayal of comic characters such as Tevye in Fiddler on the Roof , Pseudolus in A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, and Max... Joseph Stein (born May 30, 1912, New York City) is a Jewish-American playwright best known for his books for hit musicals such as Fiddler on the Roof, Zorba, Rags, Take Me Along, and The Bakers Wife. ... Hal Prince (born January 30, 1928), full name Harold Smith Prince, is a theatre producer and director associated with many of the best-known Broadway musical (and less notably, dramatic) productions of the past half-century. ... Jerome Robbins (October 11, 1918 - July 29, 1998) was an American choreographer whose work has included everything from classical ballet to contemporary musical theater. ... Jerome Robbins (October 11, 1918 - July 29, 1998) was an American choreographer whose work has included everything from classical ballet to contemporary musical theater. ...


Film adaptation

The 1971 film won three Academy Awards, including one for arranger-conductor John Williams. Recording was done at Pinewood Studios in Buckinghamshire, England. Most of the exterior shots were done in Croatia: Mala Gorica, Lekenik, and Zagreb. Fiddler on the Roof is the 1971 film version of the Broadway musical of the same name. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ... The gatehouse at Pinewood Studios Pinewood Studios is a major British film studio situated in Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire. ... Buckinghamshire (abbreviated Bucks) is one of the home counties in South East England. ... Lekenik is a village and a municipality in central Croatia, located between Sisak and Velika Gorica in the lowland region of Turopolje. ... Location of Zagreb within Croatia Coordinates: , Country RC diocese 1094 Free royal city 1242 Unified 1850 Government  - Mayor Milan Bandić Area [1]  - Total 641. ...


A television adaptation was once in development with ABC, to star Victor Garber; however, there has been no news on this project, in recent years.[6] ABC Studios (formerly Touchstone Television Productions, LLC and ABC Television Studio) is a television production company formed in 1989 and renamed in May 2007 to its latest inception. ... Victor Joseph Garber (born on March 16, 1949 in London, Ontario, Canada) is a six-time Emmy Award-nominated Canadian film, stage and television actor and singer. ...


Cultural influence

The musical's popularity has led to numerous references in popular media, including television shows (for example, in the season 5 episode of Gilmore Girls entitled "Jews and Chinese Food"), films (Mrs. Doubtfire (1993)) and even other Broadway shows (Spamalot, in the middle of the song "You Won't Succeed on Broadway", includes a "Grail dance", which sends up the "bottle dance" in Fiddler's wedding scene). Other cultural references include the following: Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Gilmore Girls is a long-running, Emmy Award winning, and Golden Globe nominated American television drama/comedy created by Amy Sherman-Palladino and starring Lauren Graham and Alexis Bledel. ... Mrs. ... Monty Pythons Spamalot is a comedic musical lovingly ripped off from the film Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975). ...

Parodies
  • In the late 1960s, Mad Magazine published a parody of Fiddler called Antenna on the Roof, which speculated about the lives of Tevye's descendants living in an assimilated 1960s suburban America.
  • The Electric Company had a spoof skit about a village fiddler with a fear of heights, so he is deemed "Fiddler on the Chair."[citation needed]
  • The H. P. Lovecraft Historical Society published a parody of Fiddler on the Roof called "A Shoggoth on the Roof", which incorporates the works of H. P. Lovecraft. The parody was translated into Swedish and produced by the Swedish amateur theatrical company Teater Tentakel (sw. En shoggoth på taket) during a Lovecraft convention called MiskatoniCon in 2005. It was finally performed in English at Leprecon, the Trinity College, Dublin Gamers society convention, on the 23rd and 25th February 2007, but with a new musical score.
  • The original Broadway cast of the hit musical Avenue Q and the Broadway 2004 revival cast of Fiddler on the Roof got together for a Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS benefit and produced an approximately 10-minute-long show called "Avenue Jew" that incorporated characters from both shows, including puppets.
  • Paul Jennings' story "Piddler on the Roof" is a pun on the movie's name.
Song covers

Harvey Kurtzmans cover for the first issue of the comic book Mad Mad is an American humor magazine founded by publisher William Gaines and editor Harvey Kurtzman in 1952. ... The Electric Company was an educational American childrens television series produced by the Childrens Television Workshop (now Sesame Workshop) for PBS in the United States. ... In contemporary usage, a parody (or lampoon) is a work that imitates another work in order to ridicule, ironically comment on, or poke some affectionate fun at the work itself, the subject of the work, the author or fictional voice of the parody, or another subject. ... A Shoggoth on the Roof is a parody musical of Fiddler on the Roof based on the works of H.P. Lovecraft. ... This article is about the author. ... For other institutions named Trinity College, see Trinity College. ... Avenue Q is a Tony award-winning musical that was conceived by Robert Lopez and Jeff Marx, who wrote the music and lyrics. ... Paul Jennings AM (born April 30, 1943) is a best-selling Australian childrens book writer. ... Julian Edwin Cannonball Adderley (September 15, 1928 – August 8, 1975), originally from Tampa, Florida, was a jazz alto saxophonist of the small combo era of the 1950s and 1960s. ... Nathaniel Adderley (November 25, 1931 - January 2, 2000) was an American jazz cornetist who played in the hard bop and soul jazz genres. ... Charles Lloyd with Reuben Rogers and Eric Harland, Santa Barbara, 2006 Charles Lloyd on stage with Billy Higgins Charles Lloyd (March 15, 1938-) is an American jazz musician. ... Josef Erich Zawinul (July 7, 1932 – September 11, 2007) was a jazz keyboardist and composer. ... Sam Jones can refer to a number of different people. ... Born,May 31, 1937 in Detroit, MI A superior hard bop drummer who has led many groups of his own, Louis Hayes led a band in Detroit as a teenager and was with Yusef Lateef during 1955-1956. ... Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label owned by EMI and located in Hollywood, California. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Resident. ... For the album, see Negativland (album). ... The Magnetic Fields is a band led by the New York City singer-songwriter Stephin Merritt. ... Indie rock is a subgenre of rock music often used to refer to bands that are on small independent record labels or that arent on labels at all. ... Bright Eyes is a band consisting of singer-songwriter/guitarist Conor Oberst, multi-instrumentalist/producer Mike Mogis, Nate Walcott, and a rotating lineup of collaborators drawn primarily from Omahas indie music scene. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Fevers and Mirrors is the third album by Bright Eyes. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Yidcore is a Jewish punk rock band from Australia. ... Eighth Day Slice/Fiddlin on ya Roof is a double album by Jewish punk rock band Yidcore, released in 2005 (see 2005 in music). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Not to be confused with Rāga. ... Rich Girl is a pop–hip hop performed by singer Gwen Stefani featuring Eve. ... Lady Saw (born Marion Hall on 12 July 1972), is a Jamaican reggae singer, known as the first Lady of Dancehall. She is the first female deejay to win a Grammy and to be certified triple-platinum. ... Gwen Renée Stefani (born October 3, 1969) (pronounced [1]), is an American singer, songwriter, fashion designer, and occasional actress. ... Love. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Information from the MTI website
  2. ^ Miri Ben-Shalome, Kaleidoscope with Stewart Lane speaking to Miri Ben-Shalom on his Fiddler on the Roof Production, All About Jewish Theatre, undated. Accessed online 6 December 2007.
  3. ^ Kantor, p. 302: "The 1960s was the decade that nurtured long-running blockbusters in unprecedented quantities: ten musicals passed the rarefied 1,000 performance mark, three of them passed the 2,000 mark (Hello, Dolly!, a Merrick smash, grossed $27 million on Broadway), and one, Fiddler on the Roof, passed the 3,000 mark, earning back $1,574 for every dollar put into it."
  4. ^ Information on the 1994 production
  5. ^ Information about the 2007 London production of Fiddler on the Roof
  6. ^ Movie Watch - Fiddler on the Roof, thefutoncritic.tv

References

  • Kantor, Michael; Laurence Maslon (2004). Broadway: the American musical. New York, New York: Bulfinch Press. ISBN 0-8212-2905-2. 
  • Playbill article about the original Broadway production

External links

Awards
Preceded by
Hello, Dolly!
by Jerry Herman
Tony Award for Best Composer and Lyricist
1965
by Jerry Bock and Sheldon Harnick
Succeeded by
Man of La Mancha
by Mitch Leigh and Joe Darion
Preceded by
Hello, Dolly!
by Michael Stewart
Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical
1964
by Joseph Stein
Succeeded by
No Award Given

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Fiddler on the Roof: From Stage to Screen (1909 words)
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Fiddler on the Roof is a tremendous achievement.
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