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Encyclopedia > Fictional crossover

A fictional crossover occurs when two or more otherwise separated fictional characters, stories, settings, universes, or media meet and interact with each other. Most fictional crossovers take the form of stories in which these separated characters and others are brought together and united with (or pitted against) each other over the course of the story that is being told. Official fictional crossovers usually occur between characters owned by the same person, company or production team (such as most comic book crossovers) or through the incorporation of characters and fictional universes within the public domain (or those that are at least considered to be; examples include Darth Vader from Star Wars capturing the Starship Enterprise from Star Trek, or other classical characters like Dracula and Sherlock Holmes), as the crossing over of characters owned by different people or production companies usually raises complicated issues over copyright, ownership and royalties. Many crossovers generally take the form of a marketing tool, a joke or gag, or to play out a "what if" scenario. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Gaming crossovers occur when otherwise separated fictional characters, stories, settings, universes, or media in a video game meet and interact with each other. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Setting is a term in literature and drama usually referring to the time and location in which a story takes place. ... A fictional universe is an imaginary world that serves as the setting or backdrop for one or (more commonly) multiple works of fiction or translatable non-fiction. ... Interaction is a kind of action that occurs as two or more objects have an effect upon one another. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... Darth Vader is a fictional character in the Star Wars universe. ... Star Wars is an epic science fantasy saga and fictional universe created by George Lucas during the late 1970s. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The current Star Trek franchise logo Star Trek is an American science fiction entertainment series and media franchise. ... Dracula is an 1897 novel by Irish author Bram Stoker, featuring as its primary antagonist the vampire Count Dracula. ... A portrait of Sherlock Holmes by Sidney Paget from the Strand Magazine, 1891 Sherlock Holmes is a fictional detective of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, who first appeared in publication in 1887. ... Copyright symbol Copyright is a set of exclusive rights regulating the use of a particular expression of an idea or information. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: Marketing Look up marketing in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A joke is a short story or series of words spoken or communicated with the intent of causing laughter or being found humorous by either listener/reader or performer/writer. ...

Contents

Reasons for crossover

There are a number of different reasons for fictional crossovers to occur:

  • To establish a unified continuity and a 'universe' for the works of a particular author or production company;
  • To explore a particular 'what-if' scenario devised by the author or production company;
  • To promote and market other works produced by a particular author or production company by including them in a particular piece of work (especially if the works being included and marketed are a spin-off of the original work, which may not be as successful or well-known as the original);
  • To reference, homage or parody an existing piece of work, regardless of ownership.

A crossover story may try to explain its own reason for the crossover, such as "they live next door" (one example being the casts from Golden Girls and Empty Nest) or "a dimensional rift brought them together" (a common explanation for superhero/science fiction properties that have different owners). Some crossovers are not explained at all. Some are absurd or simply impossible within the fictional setting, and have to be ignored by the series' respective continuities. Some even intentionally make the relations between two or more fictional universes confusing (a good example of this phenomenon involves The Simpsons and Futurama, where each show is fiction in the other.) The Golden Girls title card. ... Empty Nest is a television sitcom that ran on NBC from 1988 to 1995. ... In fiction, continuity is consistency of the characteristics of persons, plot, objects, places and events seen by the reader or viewer. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Futurama is an animated American cartoon series created by Matt Groening (creator of The Simpsons) and David X. Cohen (also a writer for The Simpsons). ...


Standard crossover scenarios

Single author and public domain crossovers

In officially published and broadcast media, the most common form of crossover occurs either between properties owned by a single author or production company, or between properties already existing in the public domain.


Comics

Crossovers of multiple characters owned by one company or published by one publisher, have been used to set an established continuity, where characters can frequently meet within one setting. This is especially true of comic book publishers, as different characters in various Marvel, DC or Valiant comic books frequently interact with one another since they live in the same "universe". For example, in the Marvel Comics universe, the X-Men have frequent dealings with another group of Marvel heroes, the Fantastic Four, just as in the DC Comics Universe, Batman and Superman frequently collaborate. In comic book terminology, these "guest star" roles are common enough that they are not considered crossovers. A crossover in comic book terms only occurs when a story spans more than one title. This has led to "crossover events", in which major occurrences are shown as affecting (almost) all the stories in the shared universe. “Publisher” redirects here. ... A publisher is a person or entity which engages in the act of publishing. ... About Comics AC Comics Adhouse Books AiT/Planet Lar Alias Enterprises Abacus Comics Cross Culture Entertainment (defunct) Alternative Comics Antarctic Press Ape Entertainment Arcana Studios Archaia Studios Press (ASP) Archie Comics (formerly MLJ) Mighty Comics (Defunct, also known as Radio Comics) Red Circle Comics (Defunct) Aardvark-Vanaheim (Cerebus the Aardvark... Marvel Comics is an American comic book line published by Marvel Publishing, Inc. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... Valiant Comics is the comic book publishing company founded by former Marvel Comics editor-in-chief Jim Shooter and renowned writer/artists Bob Layton and Barry Windsor-Smith in 1989. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... A fictional universe is an imaginary world that serves as the setting or backdrop for one or (more commonly) multiple works of fiction or translatable non-fiction. ... The X-Men are a group of comic book superheroes featured in Marvel Comics. ... The Fantastic Four is a fictional American team of comic-book superheroes in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ...


The first major crossover event was spearheaded by, then Marvel Editor-in-Chief, Jim Shooter. As a way to further toy sales he devised the Secret Wars crossover which brought all the major Marvel heroes into a twelve issue mini-series to battle a common threat. After the threat was dealt with they all returned to their regular titles. This Secret Wars was hailed as both a critical and commercial success largely because the events of the crossover had lasting effects on the characters (such as the introduction of Spider-Man's black suit which would later become the villain Venom). Jim Shooter later perfected his crossover at Valiant Comics with the Unity event. Unity brought all the Valiant characters together to defeat Mothergod but was told within the existing Valiant Comics titles (and two bookend special issues). Readers were not obliged to buy all 18 chapters as the story was coherent when reading just one title, but far more layered when all were read. Like Secret Wars, the Unity crossover had lasting effects on the Valiant universe most notably the introduction of Turok, the birth of Magnus Robot Fighter and the death of a major Valiant hero. Marvel Comics is an American comic book line published by Marvel Publishing, Inc. ... Cover image of Harbinger #1 from Valiant Comics Jim Shooter (born September 27, 1951 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is an American writer, occasional fill-in artist, editor, and publisher for various comic books. ... Marvel Comics is an American comic book line published by Marvel Publishing, Inc. ... Secret Wars (full title Marvel Super Heroes Secret Wars) is the name of a twelve-issue Marvel Comics comic book limited series produced between 1984 and 1985, and a Mattel toy line that reflected the series. ... Spider-Man swinging around his hometown, New York City. ... Venom (Edward Eddie Allan Charles Brock), is a fictional character, a Marvel Comics supervillain and anti-hero created by David Michelinie and Todd McFarlane. ... Cover image of Harbinger #1 from Valiant Comics Jim Shooter (born September 27, 1951 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is an American writer, occasional fill-in artist, editor, and publisher for various comic books. ... Valiant Comics is the comic book publishing company founded by former Marvel Comics editor-in-chief Jim Shooter and renowned writer/artists Bob Layton and Barry Windsor-Smith in 1989. ... Akamad 12:52, 9 December 2005 (UTC) Category: ... Akamad 12:52, 9 December 2005 (UTC) Category: ... Valiant Comics is the comic book publishing company founded by former Marvel Comics editor-in-chief Jim Shooter and renowned writer/artists Bob Layton and Barry Windsor-Smith in 1989. ... Mothergod (Erica Pierce) is a fictional character from Valiant Comics. ... Valiant Comics is the comic book publishing company founded by former Marvel Comics editor-in-chief Jim Shooter and renowned writer/artists Bob Layton and Barry Windsor-Smith in 1989. ... Akamad 12:52, 9 December 2005 (UTC) Category: ... Valiant Comics is the comic book publishing company founded by former Marvel Comics editor-in-chief Jim Shooter and renowned writer/artists Bob Layton and Barry Windsor-Smith in 1989. ... Turok #1 by Valiant Comics For the video game series see Turok video games; for the cosmologist with this surname, see Neil Turok. ... Cover to Magnus, Robot Fighter #0, 1992. ...


Recently, on a comic strip cartoon, Dennis the Menace wanted to put his dog on the baseball team because "That other team has a beagle in it", referencing 'The Peanuts"


Cartoons

Cartoon crossovers aren't terribly uncommon, and most of them - like comics or live-action television programs - will often feature characters owned by the same company or network. One example is Nickelodeon's Jimmy-Timmy Power Hour, a crossover between Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius and The Fairly OddParents in which the shows' main stars were transported to each other's dimension. This hour-long special was so popular, it resulted in two sequels, creating a "Jimmy-Timmy Trilogy", as it has been called. The fact that Nickelodeon owned both cartoons made this crossover possible. Similarly, most of the last episodes of the Lilo and Stitch TV series (A spinoff of the movie of the same name) had crossovers with various other Disney cartoons, including The Proud Family, Kim Possible, Recess and American Dragon Jake Long, although one might count them as mere cameos, as each plotline took place exclusively in Lilo's hometown in Hawaii. Categories: Stub | 2001 films | Computer-animated films ... The Fairly OddParents is an American animated television series created by Butch Hartman. ... Lilo & Stitch is an animated film, set in Hawaii. ... The Proud Family is an American animated television series geared towards pre-teens and teenagers. ... Kim Possible is an American television series about a teenage crime fighter, who has the task of dealing with worldwide, family, and school issues every day. ... Recess was an American animated television series that was created by Paul Germain and Joe Ansolabehere, and produced by Walt Disney Television Animation. ... American Dragon: Jake Long is a Disney Channel original animated series featuring Jake Long, an ordinary thirteen-year-old Chinese-American boy living in New York City, but Jake also has a secret. ...


However, not all crossovers are necessarily composed of characters from the same network. Two of the most notable cartoon crossovers consisted of characters from different companies. Disney's famous movie Who Framed Roger Rabbit?, a landmark in animation, had characters from various companies, most notably Disney and Warner Brothers. Daffy Duck and Donald Duck made a simultaneous appearance in one scene, in which the two of them exchanged blows during a piano duet. Later in the movie, Mickey Mouse and Bugs Bunny were shown parachuting together (To keep things from getting too iffy legally, Mickey and Bugs' lines were written so that each of them said the exact same number of words in the movie). And of course, the end of the movie features all the cartoons from all of the animation companies joining together in song, to be concluded by Porky Pig uttering (Or, rather, stuttering) his famous "That's All, Folks!" line as Tinkerbell ends the scene with a magical fade-out. Who Framed Roger Rabbit is a movie that combines animation and live action, and is a unique chance to see many cartoons from different studios in a single film. ... Daffy, as Duck Dodgers, faces off against Marvin the Martian in the 1953 short Duck Dodgers in the 24½th Century, a parody of Buck Rogers. ... Donald Duck is an animated cartoon and comic-book character from Walt Disney Productions. ... Mickey Mouse is an Academy Award-winning comic animal cartoon character who has become an icon for The Walt Disney Company. ... Bugs Bunny is an Academy Award-winning fictional animated rabbit who appears in the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of animated films produced by Warner Bros. ... Porky Pig is an Academy Award-nominated animated cartoon character in the Warner Bros. ...


Another cartoon crossover would occur in 1990, Cartoon All-Stars to the Rescue. This cartoon featured popular characters from childrens' Saturday Morning Cartoons, banding together to preach an anti-drug message. ABC, CBS, Fox, and NBC aired this half-hour special one Saturday morning with characters from all their networks, including Huey, Dewey, and Louie (from Duck Tales), Winnie the Pooh, Tigger, Slimer (from the Ghostbusters cartoon), Michelangelo (from Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles), Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Alvin and the Chipmunks, The Smurfs, Alf (from his short-lived cartoon spinoff), Garfield, and the trio of Baby Kermit, Babby Piggy, and Baby Gonzo (from Muppet Babies). Animation companies granted unlimited, royalty-free use of their cartoon characters for this project, a feat that has been unequalled before or since then. This cartoon was also introduced by then-president George Bush Sr. and Barbara Bush, and would be distributed to schools and video stores free of charge nationwide. The characters around Michael Cartoon All-Stars to the Rescue is an animated drug prevention television special starring many of the popular cartoon characters from American Saturday morning television, among them Winnie-the-Pooh, Bugs Bunny, ALF, the Muppet Babies, and several others. ... DuckTales is an animated series produced by The Walt Disney Company starring characters from the Scrooge McDuck universe as largely created by Carl Barks. ... Winnie-the-Pooh, commonly shortened to Pooh and once referred to as Edward Bear, is a fictional bear created by A. A. Milne. ... The real stuffed toys owned by Christopher Robin and featured in the Winnie-the-Pooh stories. ... Ghostbusters is a 1984 sci-fi comedy film about three eccentric New York City parapsychologists. ... The Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles. ... Alvin and the Chipmunks, left to right: Theodore, Simon, and Alvin. ... The Smurfs (originally Les Schtroumpfs in French) are a fictional group of small sky blue creatures who live somewhere in the forests of medieval Europe. ... Garfield is a comic strip created by Jim Davis featuring Garfield the cat, Odie the dog, and their owner Jon Arbuckle. ... Order: 41st President Term of Office: January 20, 1989–January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts Date of death: Place of death: First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican Vice President: Dan Quayle... For the former professional wrestler, see Cathy Dingman. ...


Video Games

The 2.5D fighting game series, Super Smash Bros., brings Nintendo characters together for a massive fight. The third game in the series, Super Smash Bros. Brawl introduces the first non-Nintendo character with the inclusion of Solid Snake, of Konami's Metal Gear Solid series. In the Fighting game genre, games such as Marvel Vs. Capcom, The King of Fighters and many other franchises from Third-Party developers such as Capcom and SNK bring these licenses together. Namco x Capcom, however, is a Fighting/RPG from Monolith Soft featuring characters from the Capcom and Namco universe. Also, the new creation from Koei, Warriors Orochi crosses characters from both the Samurai Warriors series and the Dynasty Warriors series. 2. ... Super Smash Bros. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... Super Smash Bros. ... Marvel vs. ... The King of Fighters (or KOF for short) is a Japanese fighting video game series by SNK that debuted in 1994. ... For the original NASA meaning, see capsule communicator. ... SNK Playmore (formerly SNK) is a Japanese video game hardware and software company. ... Namco x Capcom (ナムコ クロス カプコン) is a turn-based strategy game featuring characters from games produced by video game companies Namco and Capcom, and developed by Monolith Soft. ... Monolith Soft or MLSI is an entertainment company (not to be confused with Monolith Productions) in Japan, specializing in creating video games for various consoles like the PlayStation 2, Nintendo GameCube, Nintendo DS and cellphones. ... Warriors Orochi (Musou Orochi in Japan) is a PlayStation 2 action video game developed by Koei and Omega Force. ... This article may not meet Wikipedias content policies because it lacks an encyclopedic perspective. ... The Logo of Shin Sangoku Musou 4 (Dynasty Warriors 5) Dynasty Warriors ( 真・三國無双:Shin Sangokumusou in Japan; literally meaning True - Unrivaled (in the) Three Kingdoms) is a series of video games created by Koei based loosely around the Romance of the Three Kingdoms epic, and is a spinoff series of another...


In the Console/RPG field, Kingdom Hearts mixes Disney and Final Fantasy characters together. Also, Crash Bandicoot and Spyro the Dragon join forces in Crash Bandicoot Purple: Ripto's Rampage and Spyro Orange: The Cortex Conspiracy. Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games will be the first time that Mario & Sonic appear in a game together, (there are also rumours of Sonic being in Super Smash Bros. Brawl) the game will be released on Wii and Nintendo DS by the end of 2007. Super Robot Wars are turn-based strategy games featuring a variety of Japanese mecha series from many generations, such as Mazinger Z, Gundam, Neon Genesis Evangelion, and GaoGaiGar. Wario Blast: Featuring Bomberman! features Wario of Nintendo fame, and Bomberman of Hudson fame, battling against each other. Kingdom Hearts video game. ... Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games , lit. ... Super Smash Bros. ... Super Robot Wars: Alpha Gaiden, one of many SRW games released by Banpresto in Japan. ... For the fictional robot, see Mecha. ... Mazinger Z (マジンガーZ or マジンガー・ゼット)(無敵鐵金鋼), derived from the original romaji majinga and also known in the US as Tranzor Z, is the name of a manga by artist Go Nagai, first published in Japan in 1972, and turned into a long-running anime television series later in the same year. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Original run October 4, 1995 – March 27, 1996 No. ... The King of Braves GaoGaiGar (勇者王ガオガイガー or Yuusha-Oh GaoGaiGar) is a Japanese animated television series series made in 1997, and the eighth and final Yuusha or Brave Fighter series funded by Takara and produced by Sunrise during the lapse in Transformers popularity. ... Wario ) is a video game character created by Nintendo. ... Bomberman ) is an arcade-style maze-based video game developed by Hudson Soft. ... Hudson Soft is a Japanese publisher and developer, founded on May 18, 1973. ...


Literature

In literature, certain authors also engage in crossovers by including characters from different novels they have written in one particular volume; Michael Moorcock frequently uses this device - particularly in his Eternal Champion sequence of novels, which establish a vast 'multiverse' populated by numerous different characters, many of whom appear in different novels and even different genres. Kim Newman is another author who frequently uses this device. The works of James Branch Cabell, William Faulkner, Margaret Laurence, Mordecai Richler, Edgar Rice Burroughs and Isaac Asimov also 'crossover' with each other, linking different characters and settings together over a number of different works. Brazilian writer Monteiro Lobato also created solid and imaginative crossovers, using elements and characters from Brazilian folklore such as the Cuca and Saci, from Greek Mythology such as Heracles, from the Arabian Nights, from Fairy Tales such as Grimm's Snow White, western literature such as Peter Pan, silent movies such as Popeye and Felix the Cat (cartoons) and western films actor Tom Mix. Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... Michael John Moorcock (born December 18, 1939, in London, England) is a prolific English writer primarily of science fiction and fantasy who has also published a number of literary novels. ... The Eternal Champion is a fictional creation of the author Michael Moorcock and is a recurrent feature in many of his novels. ... The Multiverse is the setting in which Michael Moorcocks Elric Saga takes place. ... Kim Newman (born July 31, 1959) is an English journalist, film critic, and fiction writer. ... James Branch Cabell photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1935 James Branch Cabell (April 14, 1879 - May 5, 1958) was an American author of fantasy fiction and belles lettres. ... William Cuthbert Faulkner (September 25, 1897 – July 6, 1962) was an American novelist and poet whose works feature his native state of Mississippi. ... Margaret Laurence (July 18, 1926–January 5, 1987) was a Canadian novelist. ... Mordecai Richler, CC (January 27, 1931 – July 3, 2001) was a Canadian author, screenwriter and essayist. ... Edgar Rice Burroughs Edgar Rice Burroughs (September 1, 1875 – March 19, 1950) was an American author, best known for his creation of the jungle hero Tarzan, although he also produced works in many genres. ... Isaac Asimov (January 2?, 1920?[1] – April 6, 1992), IPA: , originally Исаак Озимов but now transcribed into Russian as Айзек Азимов) was a Russian-born American Jewish author and professor of biochemistry, a highly successful and exceptionally prolific writer best known for his works of science fiction and for his popular science books. ... José Bento Monteiro Lobato (April 18, 1882 - July 4, 1948) was one of Brazils most influential writers. ... Cuca (from Portuguese) is a female monster from Brazilian folklore. ... The Saci is undoubtedly the most popular and bizarre character of Brazilian folklore. ... The bust of Zeus found at Otricoli (Sala Rotonda, Museo Pio-Clementino, Vatican) Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the Ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. ... Hercules, a Roman bronze (Louvre Museum) For other uses, see Heracles (disambiguation). ... Queen Scheherazade tells her stories to King Shahryar. ... Snow White in her coffin, Theodor Hosemann, 1852. ... Statue of Peter Pan in Bowring Park, St. ... For other uses, see Popeye (disambiguation). ... The famous Felix pace as seen in Oceantics (1930) Felix the Cat is a cartoon character from the silent-film era. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Public domain

It is also common for authors to 'crossover' characters who have passed into the public domain, and thus do not require copyright or royalty payments for their use into their works; a prominent example of this occurs in Loren D. Estleman's novel Sherlock Holmes vs Dracula, in which Sherlock Holmes and Dracula are brought together and pitted against each other. The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen by Alan Moore and Kevin O'Neill is another example of this, as all of the main characters and most of the secondary / background characters are fictional characters whose copyright has expired, and all are characters of different authors and creators brought together within one massive extended universe. Many of the works of Philip José Farmer's Wold Newton family sequences (which has also been explored and developed by other authors) also utilize and interweave numerous otherwise unrelated fictional characters into a rich family history by speculating familial connections between them (such as a blood-relationship between Sherlock Holmes and Tarzan). Loren D. Estleman (born September 15, 1952) is an American writer of of detective and Western fiction. ... A portrait of Sherlock Holmes by Sidney Paget from the Strand Magazine, 1891 Sherlock Holmes is a fictional detective of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, who first appeared in publication in 1887. ... Dracula is an 1897 novel by Irish author Bram Stoker, featuring as its primary antagonist the vampire Count Dracula. ... The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen is a comic book limited series written by Alan Moore and illustrated by Kevin ONeill, published under the Americas Best Comics imprint of DC Comics. ... Alan Moore (born November 18, 1953, in Northampton) is an English writer most famous for his influential work in comics, including the acclaimed graphic novels Watchmen, V for Vendetta and From Hell. ... Kevin ONeill can be Kevin ONeill, the comics illustrator Kevin ONeill, the basketball coach Kevin ONeil, the music drummer: see The Honeydrippers: Volume One. ... Philip José Farmer (born January 26, 1918) is an American author, principally known for his science fiction and fantasy novels and short stories. ... The Wold Newton family. ... A portrait of Sherlock Holmes by Sidney Paget from the Strand Magazine, 1891 Sherlock Holmes is a fictional detective of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, who first appeared in publication in 1887. ... James H. Pierce and Joan Burroughs Pierce starred in the 1932-34 Tarzan radio series 1964 Edition of Tarzan of the Apes Tarzan, a fictional character created by Edgar Rice Burroughs, first appeared in the 1912 novel Tarzan of the Apes, and then in twenty-three sequels. ...


Occasionally, authors will include into crossovers classic fictional characters whose copyright is still held by the original authors (or at least their estates), but who are nevertheless considered iconic or 'mythic' enough to be recognised from a few character traits or descriptions without being directly named (thus not requiring royalties payments to be made to the copyright holder). A prominent example occurs within the first volume of The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen, wherein a character who is clearly intended in appearance and description by other characters to be Dr Fu Manchu appears as a significant villain; however, as this character was not in the public domain at the time of writing and the rights still held by the estate of his creator Sax Rohmer, he is not directly named as such in the work and is only referred to as 'the Doctor'. This article is about the fictional literature character. ... Arthur Henry Sarsfield Ward (February 15, 1883 - June 1, 1959), better known as Sax Rohmer, was a prolific English novelist. ...


Television series

Crossovers between television series are very common. Most of them are between a spin-off and its parent show, such as with The Cosby Show and A Different World. A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... Media spin-off is the process of deriving new radio or television programs from existing ones (see list of television spin-offs). ... This article contains a trivia section. ... A Different World was an American television sitcom. ...


Television Crossover/Spin-off List

For List of spin-offs see: Main article: Spin-off (media) Media spin-off is the process of deriving new radio or television programs from existing ones (see list of television spin-offs). ...


The following is a list of shows that have crossed over, some of which are spin-offs:

Love and War, Ink, The Famous Teddy Z, High Society, and Can't Hurry Love Silver Spoons was a sitcom that aired on NBC from September 25, 1982 to May 11, 1986 and in first-run syndication from September 15, 1986 to March 4, 1987. ... The Facts of Life may refer to: A US sitcom that ran from 1979 to 1988. ... Diffrent Strokes was an American sitcom that aired on the NBC television network from 1978 to 1985, and on ABC from 1985 to 1986. ... Hello, Larry was a 1970s sitcom starring McLean Stevenson. ... This article is about the television series. ... For the 1993 film, see The Beverly Hillbillies (film) The Beverly Hillbillies was an American television program about a hillbilly family living in Southern California. ... Petticoat Junction was an American situation comedy that was produced by Filmways, Inc. ... The Andy Griffith Show is an American television series that aired on CBS from October 3rd, 1960 to April 1st, 1968. ... Mayberry R.F.D. (R.F.D. is a postal abbreviation for Rural Free Delivery) was a spin-off, or perhaps, more accurately, a direct continuation of The Andy Griffith Show under a new title. ... Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C. was a television series that ran on CBS from September 25, 1964 to September 9, 1970. ... All My Children (AMC) is a popular American soap opera that has been broadcast Monday through Friday on the ABC TV network since January 5, 1970. ... One Life to Live (OLTL) is an American soap opera which has been broadcast on the ABC television network since July 15, 1968. ... General Hospital (GH) is the longest-running daytime American soap opera broadcast on the American Broadcasting Company television network. ... Bad Girls is Bad Girls (film), a 1994 western film. ... Footballers Wives is a British television drama surrounding the private lives of a group of professional footballers. ... Tanya Turner (née Beevor formerly Laslett and Frederico) is a fictional character on ITV British drama Footballers Wives, played by English actress Zöe Lucker. ... Zöe Lucker (born April 11, 1974 in Huddersfield) is an English actress best known for her role as Tanya Turner in ITVs Footballers Wives. ... For other uses, see Brookside (disambiguation). ... Hollyoaks is a British television soap opera, first broadcast on 23 October 1995, on Channel 4. ... Matt Musgrove was a fictional character in the defunct Channel 4 soap opera Brookside. ... Buffy the Vampire Slayer is an Emmy and Golden Globe-nominated American cult television series that initially aired from March 10, 1997 until May 20, 2003. ... Angel is a spin-off of the American television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... CSI: Crime Scene Investigation is a popular Alliance Atlantis/CBS police procedural television series, running since October 2000, about a team of forensic scientists. ... CSI: Miami is a spinoff of the popular CBS network series CSI: Crime Scene Investigation. ... CSI: NY (working title CSI: New York) is an American police procedural television series which premiered on September 22, 2004. ... For the A&E TV show, see Cold Case Files. ... A Different World was an American television sitcom. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... Cheers is a popular American situation comedy produced by Charles-Burrows-Charles Productions in association with CBS Paramount Television for NBC. Cheers was created by the team of James Burrows, Glen Charles, and Les Charles. ... Frasier is a popular American situation comedy television series that starred Kelsey Grammer, reprising the character of psychiatrist Dr. Frasier Crane from parent show Cheers, which had ended months before. ... Wings was an American sitcom that ran on NBC from April 19, 1990 to May 14, 1997. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Single Guy was a television sitcom that ran for two seasons on NBC, from September 1995 to April 1997. ... Caroline in the City was an American sitcom that ran from September 21, 1995, to May 11, 1999, on the NBC television network. ... Mad About You was an American sitcom that aired on NBC from September 23, 1992 to May 24, 1999. ... Seinfeld is an Emmy Award-winning sitcom that originally aired on NBC from July 5, 1989, to May 14, 1998, running a total of 9 seasons. ... The Tortellis was a Cheers spin-off that aired for four months in 1987. ... Hope and Gloria is an American sitcom that aired on the NBC network over parts of two seasons throughout 1995 to 1996. ... The John Larroquette Show is a situation comedy that ran on the NBC network from 1993 - 1996. ... Joey may refer to: A nickname for Joanne, Joanna, Josephine, Joan, Joseph, Joe or Jo Joey, an infant marsupial American slang for a clown United Kingdom slang for the silver English/British coin Threepence, named after Joseph Hume In glassblowing, a Joey or diving Joey, are colloquialisms for a bubble... Everybody Loves Raymond was an American sitcom originally broadcast on CBS from 1996 to 2005. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The King of Queens is an Emmy nominated, American comedy series that ran for nine seasons, from 1998 until 2007. ... The Nanny is a popular American situation comedy co-produced by Sternin & Fraser Ink, Inc. ... Murphy Brown was an Emmy Award-winning American situation comedy which aired on CBS from November 14, 1988 to May 18, 1998, for a total of 247 episodes. ... Love and War may refer to: Love and War (Doctor Who), a 1992 novel in the Doctor Who Virgin New Adventures series Love and War (novel), a 1984 novel by John Jakes, the second in the North and South trilogy Love and War (The Clinic for Married Couples), a South... An ink is a liquid containing various pigments and/or dyes used for coloring a surface to render an image or text. ... The Famous Teddy Z was a short-lived television sitcom created by Hugh Wilson (WKRP in Cincinnati, Franks Place) that aired on CBS during the fall of 1989. ... High Society is a 1956 musical film made by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in VistaVision with music and lyrics by Cole Porter. ... You Cant Hurry Love is a number-one single recorded by The Supremes for the Motown label, released during the summer of 1966 (see 1966 in music). ...

Hercules: The Legendary Journeys was a television series produced from 1995 to 1999, very loosely based on the tales of the classical culture hero Hercules. ... Xena. ... He-Man and the Masters of the Universe is an American animated television series produced by Filmation based on Mattels successful toy line Masters of the Universe. ... She-Ra was the heroic lead in a series of toys produced by Mattel called She-Ra: Princess of Power. She also appeared in the tie-in cartoon, which was an attempt to make a version of the He-Man and the Masters of the Universe cartoon series that would... Stargate SG-1 (often abbreviated as SG-1) is a science fiction television series, part of the Stargate franchise. ... Stargate Atlantis is a Canadian-American science fiction television program, part of the Stargate franchise. ... The starship Enterprise (NX-01) Star Trek: Enterprise is a science fiction television series set in the Star Trek universe. ... The starship Enterprise as it appeared on Star Trek Star Trek is a culturally significant science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry in the 1960s. ... Star Trek: The Animated Series is an animated science fiction television series set in the Star Trek universe. ... The title as it appeared in most episodes opening credits. ... Space station Star Trek: Deep Space Nine (ST:DS9 or STDS9 or DS9 for short) is a science fiction television series produced by Paramount and set in the Star Trek universe. ... The starship Voyager (NCC-74656), an Intrepid-class starship. ... Law & Order is a long-running American television police procedural and legal drama set in New York City. ... Law & Order: Special Victims Unit - Season 5 DVD Law & Order: Special Victims Unit (also known as Law & Order: SVU) is the first of three spin-offs of Law & Order (the other two being Law & Order: Criminal Intent and Law & Order: Trial by Jury; all series are presented on the NBC... Law & Order: Criminal Intent is a United States crime drama television series that began in 2001. ... Homicide: Life on the Street is an American television drama series chronicling the life of a fictional Baltimore police homicide unit. ... Law and Order: Trial by Jury is the third spinoff of Law & Order; it focuses on the court room process, as opposed to particular topics of crime. ... New York Undercover was a one-hour urban police drama, which ran on the Fox Broadcasting Company network from 1994 to 1998. ... Deadline was a television series which was shown on the NBC television network in the 2000-2001 season. ... The Beat was a short-lived UPN drama series which premiered on March 21, 2000 and ended after only six episodes a month later on April 25. ... The Golden Girls is an American sitcom that originally aired on NBC from September 14, 1985 to May 9, 1992. ... The Golden Palace was a spin-off of the sitcom The Golden Girls that aired during the 1992–93 season on the American TV network CBS. It featured three of the four characters from The Golden Girls operating an upscale hotel called The Golden Palace. ... Empty Nest is a television sitcom that ran on NBC from 1988 to 1995. ... Nurses is a television sitcom that ran on NBC from 1991 to 1994. ... Blossom was a half-hour comedy television series broadcast from 1991 to 1995 on NBC, Mondays at 8:30pm (after The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air). ... Out All Night premiered on NBC in 1992. ... In the House was a situation comedy starring LL Cool J. The show ran from 1995 to 1999. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Maude is a half-hour American television sitcom that was originally broadcast on the CBS network from September 12, 1972 until April 29, 1978. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... Archie Bunkers Place is an American sitcom originally broadcast on the CBS network, conceived in 1979 as a continuation of All in the Family. ... Gloria was a failed spinoff television situation comedy that lasted one season on CBS, from September 1982 to September 1983. ... 704 Hauser was a short-lived CBS television series in 1994. ... E/R (referring to the Emergency Room of a hospital) was an American television sitcom that aired in 1984 and 1985. ... Checking In was a short-lived 1981 television sitcom and spinoff of The Jeffersons, which itself had spun off from All in the Family. ... Diffrent Strokes was an American sitcom that aired on the NBC television network from 1978 to 1985, and on ABC from 1985 to 1986. ... The Facts of Life may refer to: A US sitcom that ran from 1979 to 1988. ... Silver Spoons was a sitcom that aired on NBC from September 25, 1982 to May 11, 1986 and in first-run syndication from September 15, 1986 to March 4, 1987. ... Hello, Larry was a 1970s sitcom starring McLean Stevenson. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Family Matters is an American sitcom about a middle-class, African American family living in Chicago. ... The title Perfect Strangers has been used by many artists over the years. ... Step by Step was an American television sitcom which was aired on ABC from September 20, 1991 to August 15, 1997 and with a network change moved to CBS from September 19, 1997 to June 26, 1998. ... Hangin with Mr. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Friendship is a human relationship which involves mutual knowledge, esteem, and affection. ... The Norm Show was an American television sitcom that ran from 1999 through 2001 on the ABC television network. ... Look up Ellen, ellen in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... // Original meaning and etymology The original meaning of the term coach was: a horse-drawn vehicle designed for the conveyance of more than one passenger — and of mail — and covered for protection from the elements. ... // Cast Geena Davis - Teddie Cochran Peter Horton - Max Ryan Mimi Rogers - Hillary Kim Coles - Judy John Francis Daley - Carter Ryan Makenzie Vega - Eliza Ryan Esther Scott - Gladys Harland Williams - Alan Main Details Terri Minsky first pitched the idea of a Sex and the City-like character becoming a suburban housewife... Grace Under Fire was a television series which ran on ABC from 1993 to 1998. ... The Drew Carey Show was a long-running American sitcom (set in Cleveland, Ohio) that aired on ABC from 1995 to 2004 and was known for its everyman characters and themes. ... ER is a long-running, Emmy Award winning American serial medical drama created by novelist Michael Crichton and set primarily in the emergency room of fictional County General Hospital in Cook County, Chicago, Illinois. ... Medical Investigation is an American medical-drama television series that began September 1, 2004, on NBC. It ran for twenty hour-long episodes before being cancelled in 2005. ... Third Watch is an NBC television drama set in New York City that ran from 1999 to 2005. ... The Bob Newhart Show is the name of two different television series. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Bob may refer to: A diminutive of Robert Bob (physics), the weight at the end of a pendulum Bob (song), a song by Weird Al Yankovic from Poodle Hat Bob (Red Hot Chili Peppers Song), a song by the Red Hot Chili Peppers from the album One Hot Minute J... I Dream of Jeannie was a popular American sitcom with a fantasy premise. ... Ally McBeal is an American television series which ran on the FOX network from 1997 to 2002, and was one of the best-known dramedy television series of the 1990s winning several awards. ... The Practice was an American legal drama created by David E. Kelley centering on the partners and associates at a Boston, Massachusetts law firm. ... Boston Legal is an American dramedy television series that began airing on ABC on October 3rd, 2004. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Gideons Crossing was a US medical drama loosely-based on the experience of the real life Dr. Jerome Groupman. ... Picket Fences is a 60-minute drama which initially ran from September 18, 1992 to June 26, 1996 on the CBS television network in the United States. ... Chicago Hope was a popular CBS drama series created by David E. Kelley that ran from September 18, 1994 to May 4, 2000. ... The X-Files is a Peabody- and Emmy Award-winning science fiction television series created by Chris Carter, which first aired on September 10, 1993, and ended on May 19, 2002. ... Millennium is a grim, suspenseful American television series, produced by Chris Carter (creator of The X-Files), and set during the years leading up to the dawn of the new millennium. ... The Lone Gunmen, a spin-off of the popular series The X-Files, was a television show created by Chris Carter that aired on FOX, featuring the three characters called The Lone Gunmen. ... Strange Luck was a television series on FOX starring D.B. Sweeney in the role of Chance Harper, a freelance photographer afflicted with a bizarre tendency to always be in the wrong place at the right time. ... Eerie, Indiana is an American television show and that aired on NBC from 1991 to 1992 and then on FOX from 1997 to 1998. ... Doctor Who is a long-running award-winning British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC. The series depicts the adventures of a mysterious time-traveller known as the Doctor who explores time and space in his TARDIS time ship with his companions, solving problems and righting wrongs. ... For the eponymous fictional institute, see Torchwood Institute. ... Merrie Melodies end title Merrie Melodies is the name of a series of animated cartoons distributed by Warner Bros. ... Looney Tunes opening title Looney Tunes is a Warner Brothers animated cartoon series which ran in many movie theatres from 1930 to 1969. ... Steven Spielberg Presents Tiny Toon Adventures (also known as Tiny Toon Adventures or Tiny Toons) is an American animated television series created and produced as a collaborative effort between Steven Spielberg and Warner Bros. ... Steven Spielberg Presents Animaniacs, usually referred to as the shorter title Animaniacs, is an American animated television series, distributed by Warner Bros. ... Pinky and the Brain (sometimes abbreviated PatB or P&tB) are cartoon characters who have starred in the American animated television series Steven Spielberg Presents Animaniacs, Steven Spielberg Presents Pinky and the Brain, and Steven Spielberg Presents Pinky, Elmyra & the Brain. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Futurama is an Emmy Award-winning animated American sitcom created by creator of The Simpsons Matt Groening and developed by Groening and David X. Cohen for the Fox network. ... Family Guy is an Emmy award winning American animated television series about a nuclear family in the fictional town of Quahog (IPA or ), Rhode Island. ... The Smiths, from left to right: Roger, Francine, Stan, Klaus, Hayley, and Steve. ... The animated Batman shoots his grappling gun from a rooftop in a scene from the episode, On Leather Wings. ... The New Batman Adventures was the successor to the highly acclaimed American animated television series Batman: The Animated Series. ... Superman: The Animated Series is the unofficial title given to Warner Bros. ... The Justice League, sometimes called the Justice League of America or JLA for short, is a fictional DC Universe superhero team. ... Justice League Unlimited (or JLU) is the name of an American animated television series that was produced by and aired on Cartoon Network. ... Batman Beyond (known as Batman of the Future in Europe, Latin America, Australia, and New Zealand) is an American animated television series created by The WB Television Network in collaboration with DC Comics as a continuation of the Batman legacy. ... The Zeta Project was a science fiction American animated series, first aired on Kids WB in January 2001. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Grim Adventures of Billy & Mandy (Sometimes shortened as Billy & Mandy or Grim Adventures), created by Maxwell Atoms, is an American animated television series that currently airs on Cartoon Network. ... Evil Con Carne is a Cartoon Network American animated television series, created by Maxwell Atoms, which first appeared during the show Grim and Evil and later became a separate program in 2003, running for one season. ... Matlock is the county town of Derbyshire, England, United Kingdom. ... Jake and the Fatman was a television crime drama starring William Conrad as prosecutor Jason Lochinvar Fatman McCabe and Joe Penny as investigator Jake Styles. ... 21 Jump Street was an hour long police drama television series, developed by Fox Television Network. ... Booker was an hour long television drama starring Richard Grieco. ... Beverly Hills 90210 was a popular primetime television soap opera that aired from October 1990 to May 2000 on the Fox Network in the United States and subsequently on various networks around the world. ... Melrose Place is an American television series that ran between 1992 and 1999, created by Darren Star for the FOX network. ... Models, Inc. ... Downtown was an animated series on MTV on urban life, based on interviews with real people. ... Megas XLR is an American animated television series that aired on the Toonami block on Cartoon Network and is produced by Cartoon Network Studios. ... Metalocalypse is an animated television series on Adult Swim created by Brendon Small and Tommy Blacha. ... Beavis and Butt-head is an American animated television series created by Mike Judge. ... Daria is an American animated television series that aired from 1997 to 2002 and was created by Glenn Eichler and Susie Lewis Lynn for MTV. A spin-off of MTVs Beavis and Butt-head, Daria also became something of a cultural icon. ... Happy Days is a popular American television sitcom that originally aired between 1974 and 1984 on the ABC television network. ... Laverne & Shirley was a popular American television situation comedy which ran on ABC from 1976 to 1983. ... Mork & Mindy was a sci-fi-based American sitcom broadcast from 1978 until 1982 on the American Broadcasting Company. ... Joanie Loves Chachi was an American TV spin-off of the popular American sitcom Happy Days that was originally broadcast on ABC from March 23, 1982 to September 13, 1983. ... Walker, Texas Ranger is an American television western/police dramatic series, created by Leslie Greif and Paul Haggis. ... Martial Law was a television show that ran from 1998 to 2000. ... Sons of Thunder was a television show that ran from March to April of 1999 on CBS. It was an spin-off of Walker, Texas Ranger. ... Early Edition was a television series on CBS that ran from September 28, 1996 to May 27, 2000. ... Sabrina, the Teenage Witch is the name of an American sitcom based on the Archie comic book series Sabrina, the Teenage Witch. ... Clueless was a television series based on the 1995 teen movie Clueless. ... Boy Meets World was an American television sitcom that chronicles the events and everyday life lessons of Cory Matthews, who grows up from a pre-pubescent boy to a married man. ... You Wish was an American sitcom which premiered on September 26, 1997. ... My Best Friend The Teen Angel who also likes little boys because they can be so innocent and guilty at the same time. ... Moesha is also the title of a song by former Phish guitarist Trey Anastasio, frequently performed by his first solo band. ... The Parkers is a sitcom that aired for 5 years on UPN from August 30, 1999 - May 10, 2004. ... Girlfriends is an American sitcom that was created by Mara Brock Akil and produced by Kelsey Grammer (Cheers, Frasier). ... The TV show The Hughleys aired on ABC from 1998 to 2000 and on UPN from 2000 to 2002. ... Thats So Raven is an American sitcom television series broadcast on the Disney Channel. ... The Suite Life of Zack and Cody, is an American childrens television series that airs on the Disney Channel. ... Hannah Montana is an American childrens television series which debuted on March 24, 2006 on Disney Channel. ... Cory in the House is an American childrens television series on the Disney Channel and a spin-off from the hit Disney Channel Original Series Thats So Raven. ... Good Morning, Miss Bliss was an American teen sitcom that aired from 1988 to 1989, about a teacher and her students at John F. Kennedy Junior High School in Indianapolis, Indiana. ... Saved by the Bell is an American teen sitcom which originally aired between 1989 and 1993. ... Saved by the Bell is an American teen sitcom which originally aired between 1989 and 1993. ... Thats So Raven is an American sitcom television series broadcast on the Disney Channel. ... Las Vegas is a dramatic comedy television series about a team of people working in the fictional Montecito Resort and Casino in Las Vegas — dealing with issues that arise within the working environment, ranging from valet parking and restaurant management to casino security. ... Crossing Jordan is an American television crime/drama series that aired on NBC. It stars Jill Hennessy as the crime-solving medical examiner, Jordan Cavanaugh. ... The O.C. is an American teen drama television series that originally aired on FOX in the United States from August 5, 2003, to February 22, 2007, running a total of four seasons. ... This article is about the television series. ... Dr. Neil Roberts is a fictional character on the FOX series, The O.C., played by Michael Nouri. ... This article is about the television series. ... The Pretender is an American television series that aired on NBC for four seasons between 1996 and 2000. ... The television crime drama Profiler aired on NBC from 1996 to 2000. ... Greg Cox is the New York Times bestselling author of numerous Star Trek novels, including The Eugenics Wars, (Volume One and Two), The Q Continuum, Assignment: Eternity, and The Black Shore. ... The current Star Trek franchise logo Star Trek is an American science fiction entertainment series and media franchise. ... The Pretender is an American television series that aired on NBC for four seasons between 1996 and 2000. ... Khan Noonien Singh is a villain in the fictional Star Trek universe. ... The current Star Trek franchise logo Star Trek is an American science fiction entertainment series and media franchise. ... Space Seed is a first-season episode of Star Trek: The Original Series, that was first broadcast on February 16, 1967 and repeated on August 24, 1967. ... Beauty and the Beast is an American television series, originally broadcast in 1987, centered around the relationship between Catherine (Linda Hamilton), an attorney who lived in New York City, and Vincent (Ron Perlman), a gentle, but lion-faced beast who belongs to a society of misfits and outcasts (see mole... See The Invisible Man for the science fiction novel written by H. G. Wells. ...

Cameos

Crossovers between characters / universes of a single author / production company may also be take the form of a guest or cameo appearance, often to promote another work of fiction, sometimes with little contextual or rational explanation. This is frequently scorned by fans of either as being purely for marketing reasons, with little point to the characters appearing or development within the story. A notable example of this is The Simpsons episode 'A Star Is Burns', in which the character of Jay Sherman (from The Critic, a show developed by two writers and producers of The Simpsons and also broadcast on the Fox network) appeared. This episode was largely condemned by fans of The Simpsons as existing largely to promote The Critic, and even Simpsons creator Matt Groening objected, preferring to remove his name from the credits of that particular episode in protest. Martin Scorsese appears briefly in an uncredited role in this scene from his feature film Taxi Driver. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... A Star is Burns is the 18th episode of The Simpsons sixth season. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Matthew Abram Groening (born February 15, 1954[2] in Portland, Oregon;[3] his family name is pronounced ) is an Emmy Award-winning American cartoonist and the creator of The Simpsons,[4] Futurama and the weekly comic strip Life in Hell. ...


Multi-owner crossovers

Crossovers between the characters or universes of two different authors or production teams are significantly rarer, as copyright matters and ownership is a significant barrier and frequently impedes crossovers for various reasons, including cost of necessary licensing or other agreements. Crossovers of this nature are more likely to occur between: In comic books, an intercompany crossover (also called cross-company or company crossover) is a comic or series of comics where characters published by one company meet those published by another (for example, DC Comics Superman meeting Marvels Spider-Man). ...

  • Television programs that broadcast on the same network (such as the Doctor Who and EastEnders crossover 'Dimensions in Time', both shows of which appear on BBC 1);
  • Authors or production teams who are known to each other or respect each other's work. Examples include the fictional private investigators Bill Pronzini's Nameless Detective and Marcia Muller's Sharon McCone often work together due to the fact that their creators are married and frequent collaborators.

This tends to make agreements easier to reach so that a crossover can be produced. Significant exceptions where this has nevertheless occurred include: Doctor Who is a long-running award-winning British science fiction television programme produced by the BBC. The series depicts the adventures of a mysterious time-traveller known as the Doctor who explores time and space in his TARDIS time ship with his companions, solving problems and righting wrongs. ... EastEnders is a popular BBC television soap opera, first broadcast in the United Kingdom on BBC1 on 19 February 1985[4] and continuing to date. ... Dimensions in Time was a charity special crossover between the British science fiction television series Doctor Who and the soap opera EastEnders that ran in two parts on November 26 and 27, 1993. ... BBC One (or BBC1 as it was formerly styled) is the oldest United Kingdom, and indeed, the world. ... Bill Pronzini (born April 13, 1943) is a highly-regarded and very prolific American writer of detective fiction. ... Nameless Detective is the protagonist in a long-running mystery series created by Bill Pronzini. ...

  • The properties of DC Comics and Marvel Comics, which have frequently crossed over into each other's 'parallel universe' - most recently in the mini-series publication JLA vs. Avengers;
  • Michael Richards' character Kramer appeared as one of Murphy Brown's secretaries on an episode of Seinfeld. Jerry and Elaine see Kramer on TV in the role. Elaine likes to watch Murphy Brown because she aspires to be a writer for the show. Candice Bergen appeared as herself playing Murphy Brown in the scene, which was filmed on the Murphy Brown set.
  • The television police procedural programs Law & Order and Homicide: Life on the Street, which have crossed over several times due to agreements between the different production companies and the network involved;
  • The video game franchise Megaman Battle Network, owned by Capcom, includes many elements of and references to the franchise Boktai, owned by Konami. One of the Megaman Battle Network games features the heroes from Boktai as non-player characters, and one of the Boktai games includes weapons and armor based on Megaman Battle Network characters.
  • Sonic Super Special #7 (features Savage Dragon, Spawn, the Maxx, Shadowhawk)

Murphy Brown was an Emmy Award-winning American situation comedy which aired on CBS from November 14, 1988 to May 18, 1998, for a total of 247 episodes. ... Seinfeld is an Emmy Award-winning sitcom that originally aired on NBC from July 5, 1989, to May 14, 1998, running a total of 9 seasons. ... Candice Patricia Bergen (born May 9, 1946) is an Academy Award-nominated and Emmy Award-winning American actress and former fashion model, currently best known for her starring role on the television situation comedy Murphy Brown, and as William Shatners legal partner, Shirley Schmidt, on the ABC hit dramedy... The police procedural is a sub-genre of the mystery story which attempts to accurately depict the activities of a police force as they investigate crimes. ... Law & Order is a long-running American television police procedural and legal drama set in New York City. ... Homicide: Life on the Street is an American television drama series chronicling the life of a fictional Baltimore police homicide unit. ... Detective John Munch is a fictional police detective played by actor Richard Belzer. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Law & Order: Special Victims Unit - Season 5 DVD Law & Order: Special Victims Unit (also known as Law & Order: SVU) is the first of three spin-offs of Law & Order (the other two being Law & Order: Criminal Intent and Law & Order: Trial by Jury; all series are presented on the NBC... The X-Files is a Peabody- and Emmy Award-winning science fiction television series created by Chris Carter, which first aired on September 10, 1993, and ended on May 19, 2002. ... The Beat (known in the US as The English Beat) were an essential two-tone/ska revival and pop music group who formed in the Birmingham, UK in 1978 and disbanded in 1983. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Law and Order: Trial by Jury is the third spinoff of Law & Order; it focuses on the court room process, as opposed to particular topics of crime. ... North American box art of the first game. ... For the original NASA meaning, see capsule communicator. ... Boktai is a video game series created by Konami for the Game Boy Advance handheld console. ... Konami Corporation ) (TYO: 9766 NYSE: KNM SGX: K20) is a leading developer and publisher of numerous popular and strong-selling toys, trading cards, anime, tokusatsu, slot machines and video games. ... Sonic the Hedgehog comic book version, see Sonic the Hedgehog (comic character). ... Most of the main cast of Sonic the Hedgehog, seen here on the cover of the 125th anniversary issue published by Archie Comics Sonic the Hedgehog is an ongoing series of American comic books published by Archie Comics, featuring Segas mascot video game character Sonic. ... The Savage Dragon, often called simply “the Dragon,” is an Image Comics superhero. ... Spawn is the most recognizable and popular character in the Image Comics comic book universe. ... The Maxx is a comic book and animated series written and illustrated by Sam Kieth (with writing assistance from William Messner-Loebs earlier on in the series and from Alan Moore in a later issue), and published by Image Comics. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

References, parodies, jokes and other crossovers

Many crossovers occur in a parodic or satirical context, or as part of a homage that is being paid by one property to another; they are usually used to either pay homage to or parody a particular source, and are usually throw-away or instantaneous in nature. Programs such as The Simpsons, Family Guy and Spaced frequently use crossovers in this context. They frequently occur like so: Simpsons redirects here. ... Family Guy is an Emmy award winning American animated television series about a nuclear family in the fictional town of Quahog (IPA or ), Rhode Island. ... Spaced is a British television situation comedy written by and starring Simon Pegg and Jessica Stevenson, and directed by Edgar Wright. ...

  • Crossovers directly established as being outside of the continuity of one / all of the properties being crossed over (such as the crossover between The Simpsons and The X-Files, which was largely accepted as being outside of standard X-Files continuity by virtue of its parodic nature);
  • Crossovers which occur by virtue of a dream sequence (the characters of one show will appear as part of a dream had by a character on another show; such as select cast members of The Young And The Restless appearing in a dream of a character onThe King of Queens);
  • 'Gag' cameos by characters of one property appearing on another (such as characters from King of the Hill appearing on The Simpsons to comment on a peewee football game);
  • Background or uncommented references to one property appearing in another (such as Bender finding and eating the shorts of a Bart Simpson doll on Futurama, or Milhouse having a talking Bender doll.)
  • Characters from two series interacting outside of either series, most commonly on a sketch comedy show or in a comedic bit on an award telecast (e.g. Yasir and Sarah from Little Mosque on the Prairie buying the gas station from Corner Gas in a sketch on Royal Canadian Air Farce.) While popular as a comedic device, this type of crossover always exists outside the continuity of either source show.
  • On the ABC/CBS show Family Matters during the closing credits of a particular episode, a scene which was shown earlier in the episode featuring Reginald VelJohnson is re-played, but this time with one of the child actors stating that he "looks like that fat guy from Fresh Prince," referring to James Avery who played Judge Phillip Banks on NBC's The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air. To the obvious surprise of the studio audience and VelJohnson, Avery walked onto the set with an angry look, being in on the staged joke himself.

Simpsons redirects here. ... The X-Files is a Peabody- and Emmy Award-winning science fiction television series created by Chris Carter, which first aired on September 10, 1993, and ended on May 19, 2002. ... A dream sequence is a technique used in storytelling, particularly in television and film, to set apart a brief interlude from the main story. ... For other uses, see Young and Restless. ... The King of Queens is an Emmy nominated, American comedy series that ran for nine seasons, from 1998 until 2007. ... King of the Hill is a satirical American animated television series produced by Deedle-Dee Productions, Judgemental Films, and 3 Arts Entertainment for 20th Century Fox. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Bender Bending Rodríguez, more commonly known as Bender (assembled c. ... Bart and his sister Lisa as news anchors. ... Futurama is an Emmy Award-winning animated American sitcom created by creator of The Simpsons Matt Groening and developed by Groening and David X. Cohen for the Fox network. ... Milhouse Mussolini Van Houten is a fictional 10 year old character featured in the animated television series The Simpsons, voiced by Pamela Hayden. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Little Mosque on the Prairie is a Canadian sitcom on CBC Television. ... Corner Gas is an award-winning Canadian situation comedy which has aired on CTV and The Comedy Network since 2004. ... Royal Canadian Air Farce (usually abbreviated to Air Farce) is a Canadian comedy troupe that starred in an eponymous radio show on CBC radio from 1973 to 1997, and currently star in a top-rated television show, broadcast on CBC Television. ... Family Matters is an American sitcom about a middle-class, African American family living in Chicago. ... Reginald VelJohnson (born August 16, 1952) is an American film and television actor who is perhaps best known for his roles of Carl Winslow on the sitcom Family Matters and as LAPD Sgt. ... This section has been identified as trivia. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

Fan-made crossovers

In addition to the official crossovers already discussed, the crossover is also present within unofficial fan-written fiction and fan art. Whereas official crossovers are frequently stymied by such concerns as copyright, royalties payments, quality of writing and ownership of the characters, unofficial crossovers - given their very nature as being unofficial and unauthorised - are largely unfettered by such concerns. As a result, unofficial crossovers are limited only by the writer's imagination in bringing two (or more) properties together and the property holder's stance on fanfiction (whether the owner cracks down on unofficial use of owned property or turns a blind eye to it). Fan fiction (also spelled fanfiction and commonly abbreviated to fanfic) is fiction written by people who enjoy a film, novel, television show or other media work, using the characters and situations developed in it and developing new plots in which to use these characters. ... Fan fiction (also spelled fanfiction and commonly abbreviated to fanfic) is fiction written by people who enjoy a film, novel, television show or other media work, using the characters and situations developed in it and developing new plots in which to use these characters. ...


A good example would be the unauthorised live action fan film: Batman: Dead End, which brings together the properties of Batman, Alien and Predator in one setting. Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... The Alien film series is the group of films that take place in the Alien universe. ... This snapping turtle is trying to make a meal of a Canada goose, but the goose is too wary. ...

  • The comedy music song and video Ultimate Showdown is like a giant crossover featuring many famous real and fictional characters battling in one giant showdown.
  • Super Mario Bros. Z is a well known crossover of Mario, Sonic, and Dragon Ball Z. More specifically, it's a plot from Dragon Ball Z that takes place in Mario's world, with Sonic the Hedgehog Shadow the Hedgehog as inter-dimensional visitors, with the Chaos Emeralds in place of the Dragonballs.

It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Lemon Demon. ... Original run April 26, 1989 – January 31, 1996 No. ... Mario ) is a video game character created by Japanese game designer Shigeru Miyamoto and is the official mascot of Nintendo. ... Sonic the Hedgehog comic book version, see Sonic the Hedgehog (comic character). ... This article is about the video game character. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

See also

In comic books, an intercompany crossover (also called cross-company or company crossover) is a comic or series of comics where characters published by one company meet those published by another (for example, DC Comics Superman meeting Marvels Spider-Man). ... This article comprises a list of fictional crossovers that have occurred between different fictional characters / properties over different mediums. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... In fiction, continuity is consistency of the characteristics of persons, plot, objects, places and events seen by the reader or viewer. ... Alice, a fictional character based on a real character from the work of Lewis Carroll. ... A fictional universe is an imaginary world that serves as the setting or backdrop for one or (more commonly) multiple works of fiction or translatable non-fiction. ... A shared universe is a literary technique in which several different authors create works of fiction that share aspects such as settings or characters and that are intended to be read as taking place in a single universe. ... A spin-off (or spinoff) is a new organization or entity formed by a split from a larger one such as a new company formed from a university research group. ... A spin-off in comics is a new comic which contains either characters or theme elements from an old comic. ... A spin-off in television is a new series which contains either characters or theme elements from an old series. ... The Wold Newton family. ... Tommy Westphall, portrayed by Chad Allen, is a minor character from the television series, St. ... Amalgam Comics was a metafictional American comic book publisher, and part of a collaboration between Marvel Comics and DC Comics, in which the two comic book publishers merged their characters to create new ones (e. ... Fan fiction (also spelled fanfiction and commonly abbreviated to fanfic) is fiction written by people who enjoy a film, novel, television show or other media work, using the characters and situations developed in it and developing new plots in which to use these characters. ...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Fictional Crossover (1287 words)
Crossovers between characters / universes of a single author / production company may also be take the form of a guest or cameo appearance, often to promote another work of fiction, sometimes with little contextual or rational explanation.
Many crossovers occur in a parodic or satirical context, or as part of a homage that is being paid by one property to another; they are usually used to either pay homage to or parody a particular source, and are usually throw-away or instantaneous in nature.
Whereas official crossovers are frequently stymied by such concerns as copyright, royalties payments and ownership of the characters, unofficial crossovers - frequently found in fan-written fiction and fan art - are, given their very nature as being unofficial and unauthorised, are frequently unfettered by such concerns.
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