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Encyclopedia > Fibular artery
Artery: Fibular artery
Cross-section through middle of leg. (Fibular artery labeled as Peroneal at bottom right.)
Arteries of the lower limb - posterior view. Fibular identified as peroneal at lower right.
Latin arteria fibularis, arteria peronea
Gray's subject #162 638
Supplies lateral compartment of the leg
Source popliteal artery
Branches communicating branch (to the anterior tibial artery) and the perforating branch (to the posterior tibial artery)
Vein Fibular vein
Dorlands/Elsevier a_61/12154284

In anatomy, the fibular artery (also known as the peroneal artery) is a branch of posterior tibial artery that carries blood into the lateral compartment of the leg. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language. ... Arteries of the lower limb - posterior view. ... Anterior tibial artery and the muscles and bones of the leg - anterior view of right leg. ... Arteries of the lower limb - posterior view. ... Elseviers logo Elsevier, the worlds largest publisher of medical and scientific literature, forms part of the Reed Elsevier group. ... Anatomical drawing of the human muscles from the Encyclopédie. ... Arteries of the lower limb - posterior view. ...


Structure

The fibular artery branches off the posterior tibial artery in the upper part of the leg proper, just below the knee. It runs downward in the deep posterior compartment of the leg, just medial to the fibula. It supplies a number of branches to both the lateral and anterior compartments of the leg; it also provides a nutrient artery to the fibula. Arteries of the lower limb - posterior view. ... Figure 1 : Lower extremity of right fibula. ...


The fibular artery is accompanied by small veins (venae comitantes) known as fibular veins. With the smaller arteries—as the radial artery, ulnar artery, brachial artery, tibial artery, peroneal—the deep veins exist generally in pairs, one lying on each side of the vessel, and are called venæ comitantes. ...


Nomenclature

At one point in its history, both the Greek term perone and the Latin term fibula were competing to describe the smaller bone of the leg. Many of the arteries, veins, nerves, and muscles in the leg are named according to what bone they are near (e.g. tibialis anterior and the tibial nerve are near the tibia). So the artery that runs near the smaller leg bone had two names: the peroneal artery and the fibular artery. The term fibula eventually became the standard name for the bone, but many of the related arteries, muscles, and nerves are still called by the Greek derived name peroneal. The Terminologia Anatomica, the international standard for anatomical nomenclature, states that both fibula and perone derived names are acceptable, but lists the fibula derived names as the preferred terms. The tibialis anterior is a muscle in the anterior of the shin. ... The Tibial Nerve The tibial nerve passes through the popliteal fossa to pass below the arch of soleus. ... The Nomina Anatomica was one of the most popular systems for providing topographical codes in the 20th century. ...


Like fibula, the perone (pronounced pair-uh-knee) means pin of a brooch or buckle.


External links

  Cardiovascular system  v·d·e 
Blood  |  Heart → Aorta → Arteries → Arterioles → Capillaries → Venules → Veins → Vena cava → Heart → Pulmonary arteries → Lungs → Pulmonary veins → Heart
Arteries of lower limbs edit

FEMORAL: superficial epigastric - superficial iliac circumflex - superficial external pudendal - deep external pudendal - profunda femoris (lateral femoral circumflex - medial femoral circumflex - perforating) - descending genicular | (Gray's s157) eMedicine is an online clinical medical knowledge base that was founded in 1996. ... The State University of New York Health Science Center at Brooklyn, better known as SUNY Downstate Medical Center, is an academic medical center and is the only one of its kind in the Borough of Brooklyn in New York City. ... Human circulatory system. ... Human blood smear: a - erythrocytes; b - neutrophil; c - eosinophil; d - lymphocyte. ... The heart and lungs, from an older edition of Greys Anatomy. ... The largest artery in the human body, the aorta originates from the left ventricle of the heart and brings oxygenated blood to all parts of the body in the systemic circulation. ... Section of an artery For other uses see Artery (disambiguation) Arteries are muscular blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart. ... An arteriole is a blood vessel that extends and branches out from an artery and leads to capillaries. ... Capillaries are the smallest of a bodys blood vessels, measuring 5-10 μm. ... A venule is a small blood vessel that allows blood to return from the capillary beds to the larger blood vessels called veins. ... In biology, a vein is a blood vessel which carries blood toward the heart. ... The brachiocephalic veins, superior vena cava, inferior vena cava, azygos vein and their tributaries The superior and inferior venae cavae are the veins that return the blood from the body into the heart. ... The heart and lungs, from an older edition of Greys Anatomy. ... The pulmonary arteries carry blood from the heart to the lungs. ... The lungs flank the heart and great vessels in the chest cavity. ... The pulmonary veins carry oxygen rich blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart. ... The heart and lungs, from an older edition of Greys Anatomy. ... Section of an artery An artery or arterial is also a class of highway. ... Femoral artery and its major branches - right thigh, anterior view. ... The deep external pudendal artery (deep external pudic artery), more deeply seated than the superficial external pudendal artery, passes medialward across the Pectineus and the Adductor longus muscles; it is covered by the fascia lata, which it pierces at the medial side of the thigh, and is distributed, in the... The profunda femoris artery (also known as the deep femoral artery, or the deep artery of the thigh) is a branch of the femoral artery that, as its name suggests, travels more deeply (posteriorly) than the rest of the femoral artery. ... The descending genicular artery (highest genicular artery) arises from the femoral just before it passes through the opening in the tendon of the Adductor magnus, and immediately divides into a saphenous and a musculo-articular branch. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


POPLITEAL: anterior tibial - sural - superior genicular (medial, lateral) - middle genicular - inferior genicular (medial, lateral) | (Gray's s159) Arteries of the lower limb - posterior view. ... Anterior tibial artery and the muscles and bones of the leg - anterior view of right leg. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


ANTERIOR TIBIAL: dorsalis pedis - posterior tibial recurrent - fibular - anterior tibial recurrent - anterior medial malleolar - anterior lateral malleolar | (Gray's s160) Anterior tibial artery and the muscles and bones of the leg - anterior view of right leg. ... In anatomy, the dorsalis pedis artery of the lower limb carries blood to the dorsal surface of the foot, from the anterior tibial artery. ... The anterior tibial recurrent artery arises from the anterior tibial, as soon as that vessel has passed through the interosseous space; it ascends in the Tibialis anterior, ramifies on the front and sides of the knee-joint, and assists in the formation of the patellar plexus by anastomosing with the... The anterior medial malleolar artery (medial anterior malleolar artery, internal malleolar artery) arises about 5 cm. ... The anterior lateral malleolar artery (lateral anterior malleolar artery, external malleolar artery) passes beneath the tendons of the Extensor digitorum longus and Peronæus tertius and supplies the lateral side of the ankle, anastomosing with the perforating branch of the peroneal artery, and with ascending twigs from the lateral tarsal... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


DORSALIS PEDIS: lateral tarsal - medial tarsal - arcuate - deep plantar | (Gray's s161) In anatomy, the dorsalis pedis artery of the lower limb carries blood to the dorsal surface of the foot, from the anterior tibial artery. ... The arcuate artery of the foot (metatarsal artery) arises a little anterior to the lateral tarsal artery; it passes lateralward, over the bases of the metatarsal bones, beneath the tendons of the Extensor digitorum brevis, its direction being influenced by its point of origin; and its anastomoses with the lateral... The deep plantar artery (ramus plantaris profundus; communicating artery) descends into the sole of the foot, between the two heads of the first Interosseous dorsalis, and unites with the termination of the lateral plantar artery, to complete the plantar arch. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


POSTERIOR TIBIAL: fibular - medial plantar - lateral plantar - plantar arch - plantar metatarsal | (Gray's s162) Arteries of the lower limb - posterior view. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chapter 16: The leg (2114 words)
The superficial fibular nerve is one of the terminal branches of the common fibular nerve.
The pulsations of the posterior tibial artery are often palpable between the medial malleolus and the calcaneal tendon.
16-1 The compartments of the leg are the anterior, for the extensors (deep fibular nerve); the lateral, for the fibular muscles (superficial fibular nerve); and the posterior, for the flexors (tibial nerve).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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