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Encyclopedia > Fiber to the premises

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Fiber to the premises (FTTP) is a form of fiber-optic communication delivery in which an optical fiber is run directly onto the customers' premises. This contrasts with other fiber-optic communication delivery strategies such as fiber to the node (FTTN), fiber to the curb (FTTC), or hybrid fibre-coaxial (HFC), all of which depend upon more traditional methods such as copper wires or coaxial cable for "last mile" delivery. Fiber-optic communication is a method of transmitting information from one place to another by sending light through an optical fiber. ... Optical fibers An optical fiber (or fibre) is a glass or plastic fiber designed to guide light along its length by confining as much light as possible in a propagating form. ... The word premise came from Latin praemisus meaning placed in front. See Premise (film) for an article discussing the use of the word in the film industry A premise (sometimes spelled premiss in philosophy) is a statement, usually put forth as part of a logical argument, that will be presumed... Fiber To The Node (FTTN) is a broadband architecture that provides high speed internet and other services to the home by running fiber to the node and Very-high-bit-rate Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL) over the existing telephone copper plant to the home. ... Fiber To The Curb (FTTC) refers to a telecomunications system based on fiber-optic cables run to a platform that serves several customers. ... Hybrid fiber-coaxial (HFC) is a telecommunications industry term for a network which incorporates both optical fiber along with coaxial cable to create a broadband network. ... The last mile is the final leg of delivering connectivity from a communications provider to a customer. ...


Fiber to the premises can be further categorized according to where the optical fiber ends:

  • FTTH (fiber to the home) is a form of fiber optic communication delivery in which the optical signal reaches the end user's living or office space.[1]
  • An optical signal is distributed from the central office over an optical distribution network (ODN). At the endpoints of this network, devices called optical network terminals (ONTs) convert the optical signal into an electrical signal. (For FTTP architectures, these ONTs are located on private property.) The signal usually travels electrically between the ONT and the end-users' devices.

Optical portion

Optical distribution networks have several competing technologies.


Direct fiber

The simplest optical distribution network can be called direct fiber. In this architecture, each fiber leaving the central office goes to exactly one customer. Such networks can provide excellent bandwidth since each customer gets their own dedicated fiber extending all the way to the central office. However, this approach is extremely costly due to the amount of fiber and central office machinery required. It is usually used only in instances where the service area is very small and close to the central office.


Shared fiber

More commonly each fiber leaving the central office is actually shared by many customers. It is not until such a fiber gets relatively close to the customers that it is split into individual customer-specific fibers. There are two competing optical distribution network architectures which achieve this split: active optical networks (AONs) and passive optical networks (PONs). A passive optical network (PON) is a point-to-multipoint, fiber to the premises network architecture in which unpowered optical splitters are used to enable a single optical fiber to serve multiple premises, typically 32. ...


Active optical network

Comparison showing how a typical active optical network handles downstream traffic differently than a typical passive optical network. The type of active optical network shown is a star network capable of multicasting. The type of passive optical network shown is a star network having multiple splitters housed in the same cabinet.
Comparison showing how a typical active optical network handles downstream traffic differently than a typical passive optical network. The type of active optical network shown is a star network capable of multicasting. The type of passive optical network shown is a star network having multiple splitters housed in the same cabinet.

Active optical networks rely on some sort of electrically powered equipment to distribute the signal, such as a switch, router, or multiplexer. Each signal leaving the central office is directed only to the customer for which it is intended. Incoming signals from the customers avoid colliding at the intersection because the powered equipment there provides buffering. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 420 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (840 × 1200 pixel, file size: 242 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Fiber to the premises ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 420 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (840 × 1200 pixel, file size: 242 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Fiber to the premises ... A passive optical network (PON) is a point-to-multipoint, fiber to the premises network architecture in which unpowered optical splitters are used to enable a single optical fiber to serve multiple premises, typically 32. ... Star network layout Star networks are one of the most common computer network topologies. ... Multicast is the delivery of information to multiple destinations simultaneously using the most efficient strategy to deliver the messages over each link of the network only once and only create copies when the links to the destinations split. ... A network switch is a computer networking device that connects network segments. ... This article is about a computer networking device. ... Schematic of a 2-to-1 Multiplexer. ... In telecommunication, the term collision has the following meanings: In a data transmission system, the situation that occurs when two or more demands are made simultaneously on equipment that can handle only one at any given instant. ... In telecommunication, a buffer is a routine or storage medium used in telecommunications to compensate for a difference in rate of flow of data, or time of occurrence of events, when transferring data from one device to another. ...


As of 2007, the most common type of active optical networks are called active ethernet, a type of ethernet in the first mile (EFM). Active ethernet uses optical ethernet switches to distribute the signal, thus incorporating the customers' premises and the central office into one giant switched ethernet network. Such networks are identical to the ethernet computer networks used in businesses and academic institutions, except that their purpose is to connect homes and buildings to a central office rather than to connect computers and printers within a campus. Each switching cabinet can handle up to 1,000 customers, although 400-500 is more typical. This neighborhood equipment performs layer 2/layer 3 switching and routing, offloading full layer 3 routing to the carrier's central office. The IEEE 802.3ah standard enables service providers to deliver up to 100 Mbit/s full-duplex over one single-mode optical fiber to the premises depending on the provider. Ethernet in the First Mile, also known as IEEE 802. ... Ethernet is a large, diverse family of frame-based computer networking technologies that operate at many speeds for local area networks (LANs). ... This article addresses packet switching in computer networks. ... This article addresses packet switching in computer networks. ... This article is about routing (or routeing) in computer networks. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Ethernet. ... A duplex communication system is a system composed of two connected parties or devices which can communicate with one another in both directions. ... In fiber optics, a single-mode optical fiber is an optical fiber in which only the lowest order bound mode can propagate at the wavelength of interest. ...


Passive optical network

Passive optical networks do not use electrically powered components to split the signal. Instead, the signal is distributed using beam splitters. Each splitter typically splits a fiber into 16, 32, or 64 fibers, depending on the manufacturer, and several splitters can be aggregated in a single cabinet. A beam splitter cannot provide any switching or buffering capabilities; the resulting connection is called a point-to-multipoint link. For such a connection, the optical network terminals on the customer's end must perform some special functions which would not otherwise be required. For example, due to the absence of switching capabilities, each signal leaving the central office must be broadcast to all users served by that splitter (including to those for whom the signal is not intended). It is therefore up to the optical network terminal to filter out any signals intended for other customers. In addition, since beam splitters cannot perform buffering, each individual optical network terminal must be coordinated in a multiplexing scheme to prevent signals leaving the customer from colliding at the intersection. Two types of multiplexing are possible for achieving this: wavelength-division multiplexing and time-division multiplexing. With wavelength-division multiplexing, each customer transmits their signal using a unique wavelength. With time-division multiplexing, the customers "take turns" transmitting information. As of early 2007, only time-division multiplexing was technologically practical. Image File history File links Merge-arrow. ... A passive optical network (PON) is a point-to-multipoint, fiber to the premises network architecture in which unpowered optical splitters are used to enable a single optical fiber to serve multiple premises, typically 32. ... A beam splitter is an optical device, that splits a beam of light in two. ... In telecommunications a link is the communications channel that connects two or more communicating devices. ... Routing Schemes anycast broadcast multicast unicast In computer networking, broadcasting refers to transmitting a packet that will be received (conceptually) by every device on the network. ... In telecommunications, multiplexing (also muxing or MUXing) is the combining of two or more information channels onto a common transmission medium using hardware called a multiplexer or (MUX). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Time-division multiplexing (TDM) is a type of digital or (rarely) analog multiplexing in which two or more signals or bit streams are transferred apparently simultaneously as sub-channels in one communication channel, but physically are taking turns on the channel. ...


In comparison with active optical networks, passive optical networks have significant advantages and disadvantages. They avoid the complexities involved in keeping electronic equipment operating outdoors. They also allow for analog broadcasts, which can simplify the delivery of analog television. However, because each signal must be pushed out to everyone served by the splitter (rather than to just a single switching device), the central office must be equipped with a particularly powerful piece of transmitting equipment called an optical line terminal (OLT). In addition, because each customer's optical network terminal must transmit all the way to the central office (rather than to just the nearest switching device), customers can't be as far from the central office as is possible with active optical networks. An analog or analogue signal is any time continuous signal where some time varying feature of the signal is a representation of some other time varying quantity. ... Analog television (or analogue television) encodes television and transports the picture and sound information as an analog signal, that is, by varying the amplitude and/or frequencies of the broadcast signal. ... An optical line termination (OLT), also called an optical line terminal, is the service provider endpoint of a passive optical network. ...


Electrical portion

Once on private property, the signal typically travels the final distance to the end user's equipment using an electrical format.


A device called an optical network terminal (ONT), also called an optical network unit (ONU), converts the optical signal into an electrical signal. (ONT is an ITU-T term, whereas ONU is an IEEE term, but the two terms mean exactly the same thing.) Optical network terminals require electrical power for their operation, so some providers connect them to back-up batteries in case of power outages. Optical network units use thin film filter technology (or more recently dispersion bridge planar lightwave circuit technology) to convert between optical and electrical signals. The ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) coordinates standards for telecommunications on behalf of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and is based in Geneva, Switzerland. ... The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers or IEEE (pronounced as eye-triple-ee) is an international non-profit, professional organization incorporated in the State of New York, United States. ... Thin films are material layers of about 1 µm thickness. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


For fiber to the home and for some forms of fiber to the building, it is common for the building's existing phone systems, local area networks, and cable TV systems to connect directly to the ONT. “LAN” redirects here. ...


If all three systems cannot directly reach the ONT, it is possible to combine signals and transport them over a common medium. Once closer to the end-user, equipment such as a router, modem, and/or network interface module can separate the signals and convert them into the appropriate protocol. For example, one solution for apartment buildings uses VDSL to combine data (and / or video) with voice. With this approach, the combined signal travels through the building over the existing telephone wiring until it reaches the end-user's living space. Once there, a VDSL modem copies the data and video signals and converts them into ethernet protocol. These are then sent over the end user's category 5 cable. A network interface module can then separate out the video signal and convert it into a RF signal that is sent over the end-user's coaxial cable. The voice signal continues to travel over the phone wiring and is sent through DSL filters to remove the video and data signals. An alternative strategy allows data and / or voice to be transmitted over coaxial cable. In yet another strategy, some office buildings dispense with the telephone wiring altogether, instead using voice over IP phones that can plug directly into the local area network. This article is about a computer networking device. ... For other uses, see Modem (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that VDSL2 be merged into this article or section. ... Category 5 can refer to either: Category 5 cable used for carrying data Category 5 computer virus as classified by Symantec Corporation for the most severe threat level. ... Coaxial Cable For the weapon, see coaxial weapon. ... A DSL filter is an analog low-pass filter installed on telephones and other analog devices to prevent interference between such devices and Digital Subscriber Line service operating on the same line. ... An overview of how VoIP works A typical analog telephone adapter for connecting an ordinary phone to a VoIP network Ciscos implementation of VoIP - IP Phone Voice over Internet Protocol, also called VoIP, IP Telephony, Internet telephony, Broadband telephony, Broadband Phone and Voice over Broadband is the routing of...


Deployment History

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ...

Asia

China

Indonesia

Biznet Networks is one of the leading network providers in Indonesia. Being the first one who deployed this service in South East Asia, Biznet Metro FTTH network uses the latest Gigabit Ethernet Passive Optical Network (GE-PON) based networking technology. Supported by Nokia Siemens, this network is capable on delivering Triple Play services that consist of Data (Internet or Intranet), Voice (VoIP) and Video (Interactive TV and Multimedia) in a single infrastructure. This network is capable of supporting up to 1 GBps data transfer. First Media, a company born from Lippo group's new $650 million investment in Internet in Indonesia, as well as cable television, began offering FTTH (using coaxial cable not Optical Fiber), branded as FastNet, on 8th of September. Plans offered are: 384 kbit/s for $11/month, 512 kbit/s for $22/month, 784 kbit/s for $33/month, 1.5 Mbit/s for $66/month and 3 Mbit/s for $132/month. Every plan comes with unlimited usage and all speeds cited are downstream, upload speed is not specified by First Media. These plans are the most competitive plans to be offered in Indonesia, to this moment. Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN) is a telecommunications solutions supplier which was created as the result of a merger (by means of a 50-50 joint venture) between Siemens AGs COM division (minus its Enterprise business unit) and Nokias Network Business Group. ... Most fixed telephone line networks (including ADSL) in Indonesia are controlled by PT Telkom, the state-owned telecom company. ... Coaxial Cable For the weapon, see coaxial weapon. ... Optical fibers An optical fiber (or fibre) is a glass or plastic fiber designed to guide light along its length by confining as much light as possible in a propagating form. ...


Hong Kong

As of April 2006, HKBN was offering its customers Internet access via Fiber to the Building and Fiber to the Home. Speeds ranged from 10 Mbit/s (19 USD/month) to up to 1000 Mbit/s (1 Gbit/s) (215 USD/month), although the speed to non-Hong Kong destinations was capped at 20 Mbit/s. HKBN also provided FTTH plans for speeds of up to BB100 (100/100 Mbit/s) and BB25 (25/25 Mbit/s), for approximately US$25 and US$22 monthly.


Japan

FTTP, often called FTTH in Japan, was first introduced in 1999, and did not become a large player until 2001. In 2003-2004, FTTH grew at a remarkable rate, while DSL's growth slowed. 9.66 million FTTH connections are reported as of June, 2007 in Japan.[2] Currently, many people are switching from DSL to FTTH, the use of DSL is decreasing, with the peak of DSL usage being March 2006. DSL redirects here. ...


Average real-world speed of FTTH is 66 Mbit/s in the whole of Japan, and 78 Mbit/s in Tokyo.


FTTH first started with 10 Mbit/s (at end-user rate) passive optical network (PON) by Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (NTT), and 100 Mbit/s (at end-user rate) with GEPON (Gigabit Ethernet-PON) or broadband PON is major one in 2006. PON is major system for FTTH by NTT, but some competitive services present 1 Gbit/s (at end-user rate) with SS (Single Star). Currently, most people use 100 Mbit/s. A passive optical network (PON) is a point-to-multipoint, fiber to the premises network architecture in which unpowered optical splitters are used to enable a single optical fiber to serve multiple premises, typically 32. ... Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (日本電信電話 Nippon Denshin Denwa) is a telephone company that dominates the telecommunication market in Japan. ... Ethernet is a large, diverse family of frame-based computer networking technologies that operate at many speeds for local area networks (LANs). ...


Major application services on fibers are voice over IP, video-IP telephony, IPTV (IP television), IPv6 services and so on. An overview of how VoIP works A typical analog telephone adapter for connecting an ordinary phone to a VoIP network Ciscos implementation of VoIP - IP Phone Voice over Internet Protocol, also called VoIP, IP Telephony, Internet telephony, Broadband telephony, Broadband Phone and Voice over Broadband is the routing of... This article is about internet protocol television. ... Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is a network layer protocol for packet-switched internetworks. ...


South Korea

FTTP is offered by various Internet service providers including Korea Telecom, Hanaro, and LG-Powercom. The connection speed for both downloading and uploading is set to be 100 Mbit/s. Monthly subscription fee ranges between USD30 and USD35. KT (formerly, Korea Telecom, Korean: 한국통신, NYSE: KT) is South Koreas top integrated wired/wireless telecommunication service provider. ...


Pakistan

Islamabad, Pakistan's capital city, got its first passive optical network in April, 2006. Nayatel was Pakistan's first broadband provider to offer triple play services (voice, video and data) over BPON. As of April 2007, Nayatel offered Analog Video which was carried as overlay on fiber optic using the 1550 nm wavelength. The video headend was supplied by Scientific Atlanta and the voice network was powered by an Alcatel softswitch.   (Urdu: اسلام آباد) is the capital city of Pakistan, and is located in the Potohar Plateau in the northwest of the country. ...


Nayatel is one of the companies in Pakistan who have invested in broadband infrastructure development in Pakistan. The infrastructure is reliable, and meets the current and future broadband needs of the corporates and home users in Pakistan. The Nayatel FTTH is providing basis for providing a long term solution for data, voice and video needs of Islamabad community for todays and future.


WorldCall, is a Pakistani company with existing footprint in Karachi and Lahore. WorldCall was awarded a contract from Islamabad's Capital Development Authority (CDA) to lay down telecom ducts along the roadside.


Taiwan

Malaysia

As of 2007 TM (previously known as "Telekom Malaysia") is currently running trials on FTTH technology. Trials are currently held in Mont Kiara Pines Condominium in Sri Hartamas. The speed for current trials are at 10Mbits. (revise needed...) 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Europe

Croatia

The first provider to offer FTTH in Croatia was Vodatel. As of September 2006, Vodatel service was available only in the capital Zagreb, although plans to cover other major towns also existed at that point. The service offered symmetrical 2/5/10 Mbit/s speeds in triple play packages. Location of Zagreb within Croatia Coordinates: , Country RC diocese 1094 Free royal city 1242 Unified 1850 Government  - Mayor Milan Bandić Area [1]  - City 641. ...


Cyprus

In 2007, the island largest telecoms provider, the Cyprus Telecommunications Authority, signed a contract with Ericsson for a rollout of FTTH. [3]


Czech Republic

In Prague, a FTTH (1/10/100 Mbit/s) service called ViaGia provided by T-Systems is available in newer homes built by CentralGroup. In Brno, there is a FTTH service called NETBOX at www.netbox.cz provided by SMART Comp. a.s. There are some smaller FTTH networks in Brno, Frýdek-Místek, Šumperk and Most. For other uses, see Prague (disambiguation). ... T-Systems is one of Europe’s leading providers of information and communications technology. ... Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region South Moravia Founded 1146 Area  - city 230. ... Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region South Moravia Founded 1146 Area  - city 230. ...


Denmark

As of 2006, FTTH was being installed in Denmark in the northern parts of Zealand north and west of Copenhagen. The installation was being performed by the power company DONG Energy as part of a project to convert their airborne power infrastructure into one consisting of underground cables. Their plans called for a completion date of 2010, after which they expected to expand FTTH installation to areas that fell outside of the scope of the power infrastructure conversion project. Map showing location of Zealand within Denmark. ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... DONG Energy is Denmarks leading energy company. ...


DONG Energy charged approximately 30$/month just for the fiber installation; actual FTTH services were to be provided by external providers for an additional fee. As of May 2007, options included: approximately 30$ per month for a 2/2 Mbit/s link, approximately 50$ per month for a 10/10 Mbit/s link, or higher prices for a 20/20 or 25/25 Mbit/s link. Alternatively, Jay.net was offering 100/100 at a variable rate- monthly pricing was 33$ for the first 10 Gigabytes transferred plus 16 cents per Gigabyte transferred thereafter.


Sweden

Sweden has already a vast number of installed FTTH connections both in rural and suburban areas.


Municipalities and private companies are using blown fiber and cable in metro networks. For metro networks, fibre cable are used with fibre counts ranging from eight to 96, and blown fibre with bundles of 8 fibers or less, for connecting houses and apartments.


Competitors to Telia, the Swedish incumbent, helped to drive the early development of fiberbased broadband installations made by Bredbandsbolaget and others. For instance by municipality owned power companies and housing corporations.


Stokab, Stockholm’s city-owned network company, is the owner of one of the largest dark fiber city networks in Europe. Ribbon cables, new micro cables and blown fiber used by Stokab, are facilitating the installation. New smart network designs, cuts construction costs and eliminates the need to dig up streets and sidewalks to connect building properties one by one. Stokab installs a fibre optic cable from its metro network into the basement of a building where it terminates all the fibres from the street. From the termination box Stokab then installs a multiduct with micro ducts that goes through all the basements on the block to form a ring. Each building has a ‘delivery point’ from which Stokab can connect a micro duct when the building owner wants fibre. Stokab has connected so far 10 city blocks in central Stockholm during 2006, which each have about 250 apartments. Stokab plans to connect 100 more blocks in 2007 -2008. Some of the biggest scale projects are now built in Stockholm, where housing corporations use micro duct to blow cable and fiber to connect tenants. In Stockholm, housing corporations (Svenska Bostäder) will connect more than 100,000 apartments over the next coming years. The dominating active FTTH technology used in Sweden is AON, some few PON based project are also up and running.


France

As of March 1, 2007, Orange SA released their first commercial FTTH offer in Paris at 45€ a month for a 100 Mbits Internet connection (flat rate) and a set of services including telephone over IP and television. The fiber installation is free. In June 2006, France Telecom/Orange SA launched a test program for FTTH in some arrondissements of Paris. It proposes up to 2.5 Gbit/s upstream and 1.2 Gbit/s downstream per 30 users using PON for 70€ a month. is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Orange SA IPA: is a mobile network operator and an internet service provider that is a subsidiary of France Télécom. ... France Télécom is the main telecommunication company in France. ... Orange SA IPA: is a mobile network operator and an internet service provider that is a subsidiary of France Télécom. ... An arrondissement is an administrative division in some French or Dutch-speaking countries: // Main article: Municipal arrondissement in France Main article: Arrondissements of Paris Paris, capital city of France, is divided into 20 arrondissements. ... This article is about the capital of France. ...


In September 2006, Free announced a €30 a month triple play offer including 50 Mbit/s Internet connection, free phone calls to 42 countries and high-definition television. The roll-out of this service was planned for May 2007, but wide offering has been postponed to september after a detailled presentation during summer. It will be available first in Paris, then other French towns including Montpellier, Lyons and Valenciennes as well as certain Paris suburbs. Free is a French Internet Service Provider (ISP), which is a subsidiary of the Iliad Group. ... In telecommunications, the Triple Play service is a marketing term for the provisioning of the three services: high-speed Internet, television (Video on Demand or regular broadcasts) and telephone service over a single broadband connection. ... Projection screen in a home theater, displaying a high-definition television image. ...


A residential fibre service has been deployed in the 15th Arrondissement (borough) of Paris by Cité Fibre. Bandwidth allocated to each user is 100 Mbit/s with 30 Mbit/s reserved for Internet traffic. The package includes Digital Television and VoIP Telephone services along with the above-mentioned unlimited Internet starting at 49€ per month. The 15th arrondissement was probably selected for its comparatively high residential population. Cité Fibre was bought by Free in October 2006. An arrondissement is an administrative division in some French or Dutch-speaking countries: // Main article: Municipal arrondissement in France Main article: Arrondissements of Paris Paris, capital city of France, is divided into 20 arrondissements. ... Look up Borough in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... IP Telephony, also called Internet telephony, is the technology that makes it possible to have a telephone conversation over the Internet or a dedicated Internet Protocol (IP) network instead of dedicated voice transmission lines. ...


The Cité Fibre website also contains an excellent comparison of residential fibre technology with existing cable and DSL/ADSL.


In 2003 Erenis launched an offer of FTTB which evaluate to 100 Mbit/s in January 2007 including the triple play. Erenis was bought by Neuf on April 2, 2007, and this company is planning to offer a 50 Mbit/s triple play service for €29.90 starting at once (A user reports in fact a debit of 35/10 Mbit/s). In july 2007 Neuf announced it will only use FTTH in new deployments, and that the existing Erenis FTTB users would be switched to FTTH at some time in the future. Neuf also acquired Mediafibre, a company which sold fibre optic access is Pau, France, in January 2007. In telecommunications, the Triple Play service is a marketing term for the provisioning of the three services: high-speed Internet, television (Video on Demand or regular broadcasts) and telephone service over a single broadband connection. ... Neuf Cegetel is a French telecommunication group founded on 11 May 2005 from Cegetel and Neuf Telecom merging. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Iceland

In Iceland, FTTH is being deployed by Orkuveita Reykjavikur (Reykjavik Power Company). By March 2006, they had begun connecting the towns of Seltjarnarnes, Akranes and parts of Reykjavík. At that time they expected to have 50% of Reykjavik connected by 2008 and all of Reykjavík, Seltjarnes, Akranes, Mosfellsbær, Þorlákshöfn and Hveragerði connected by 2012. However, deployment in other areas was pending due to agreements with city officials. OR only owned the FTTH network; ISP services were provided by HIVE, Skýrr, and Vortex. As of July 2006, VoIP service were available from HIVE. By March 2007, Vodafone Iceland was providing ISP and VoIP services, and had introduced video via its Digital Iceland broadcasting system. However, Skýrr had stopped providing ISP services at this point. The FTTH connections are 100 Mbit/s, but as of March 2007 the ISP services only offered speeds of 6 Mbit/s, 8 Mbit/s, 10 Mbit/s, 20 Mbit/s and 30 Mbit/s. Seltjarnarnes is an Icelandic township located within the Greater Reykjavík area. ... City nickname: Skaginn Location of west seaport Akranes (left/center) County Akraneskaupstaður Constituency Northwest Area 8. ... Location in Iceland Coordinates: , Constituency Government  - Mayor (Borgarstjóri) Vilhjálmur Þ. Vilhjálmsson Area  - City 274. ... Mosfellsær is small city in Southwestern Iceland. ... Þorlákshöfn is a town on the south coast of Iceland. ... Hveragerði Hveragerði is a small town in the south of Iceland at about 40 km to the east of Reykjavík on the river Varmá. It has around 1,700 residents. ... HIVE is the smallest, Internet service provider in Iceland, founded in 2004. ... Vodafone Iceland is an Icelandic telecommunications company and is part of the Icelandic IT company Teymi. ...


In March 2006, the monthly cost of having the FTTH in house was 1.990 ISK (approx 26 US dollars), not including any services. This was somewhat more expensive than having a phone line in the house which cost 1.340 ISK (approx 18 US dollars) at that time. By March 2007, the monthly cost of having the FTTH in house had risen to 2.390 ISK (approx 36 US dollars), not including any services. By comparison, having a phone line in the house had risen to 1.440 ISK (approx $21 US dollars) by that time.


Italy

In Italy, FTTH has been deployed by FASTWEB since 1999 in selected areas of Milan, Rome, Naples, Genova, Bologna and other few cities, however they aren't planning to deploy any more FTTP as DSL deployment is far cheaper. Where FTTP is available, they offer a triple play service on a 10/10 Mbit/s Internet connection. Fastweb is an italian broadband telecomunication company. ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... For other uses, see Naples (disambiguation). ... Alternate uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... For the food product, see Bologna sausage. ... In telecommunications, the Triple Play service is a marketing term for the provisioning of the three services: high-speed Internet, television (Video on Demand or regular broadcasts) and telephone service over a single broadband connection. ...


Netherlands

In The Netherlands in the city Eindhoven and a nearby village called Nuenen, there is a large network with 15 000 connections. Triple play is offered. Houses and companies are connected with single-mode fibre. The network is owned by the members themselves, who formed a corporation. The first European FTTH project was also in Eindhoven in a neighborhood known as the "Vlinderflats". This was a multi-mode fibre but was in 2005 changed to single-mode fibre. FTTH resulted in new broadband services; the inhabitants started their own broadband TV station called VlinderTV. Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... Country Province Government  - Mayor G.Braks (CDA) Area (2006)  - Municipality 88. ... Nuenen, Gerwen en Nederwetten is a municipality consisting of the larger village of Nuenen and two adjacent smaller ones. ... In telecommunications, the Triple Play service is a marketing term for the provisioning of the three services: high-speed Internet, television (Video on Demand or regular broadcasts) and telephone service over a single broadband connection. ...


Since October 2006 the fibre optics connections are being deployed in the city of Amsterdam. In the first phase of the deployment there are some 40 000 connections planned with the first ones being available for connection to end users by the February 2007. The network is rolled out in the boroughs of Zeeburg, Oost and Osdorp. The owner of the network is GNA CV, the operator is BBned, a subsidiary of Telecom Italia. BBned operates as a non-discriminating wholesaler of capacity to serviceproviders. This setup with a structural separation of ownership of the network and the delivery of services ensures that the the network is open to all. For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ...


Also, another company is building new FTTH networks in Arnhem, Nijmegen, Amersfoort, Hilversum, Soest, Leiden and Utrecht. These networks are almost completed. The first home was connected around March 2005. If all goes according to plan, the last home in these networks will be connected in June 2007. These networks also provide triple play services. Internet connection speed varies from 24, 48 and 100Mbit (up and down). Arnhem ( ) (South Guelderish: Èrnem) is a city and municipality in the east of the Netherlands, and capital of province Gelderland. ... Country Netherlands Province Gelderland Area (2006)  - Municipality 57. ... Amersfoort is a municipality and the second largest city of the province of Utrecht in central Netherlands. ... is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... Soest is the name of two localities, one in the Netherlands and one in Germany: Soest, Netherlands Soest, Germany and the district around Soest, Germany is also called Soest: Soest (district) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same... Leyden redirects here. ... Utrecht refers to various cities and areas: Utrecht (province), of the Netherlands Utrecht (city), Netherlands, and capital of the province of the same name Utrecht (municipality), includes the city of Utrecht and two neighbouring villages (Vleuten / de Meern) Utrecht (agglomeration), in the Netherlands, includes the city of Utrecht Diocese of...


Portugal

In Portugal, TVTEL was the first Portuguese ISP to offer this technology in Oeiras (near Lisbon), the 3play service offer internet speed at maximum of 50Mbit/s. TVTEL (TVTEL Comunicações, S.A.) is a Portuguese digital satellite and cable pay television service provider. ... District Lisbon Mayor   - Party Isaltino Morais Independant Area 45. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ...


Romania

In Romania, FTTH was first deployed in Timişoara by RDS. Currently, it is available in Bucharest, Alexandria, Arad, Bacău, Bârlad, Braşov, Constanţa, Craiova, Drobeta-Turnu Severin, Galaţi, Iaşi, Oradea, Piteşti, Reşiţa, Sibiu, Suceava, Timişoara and Târgu-Mureş. The name of the service is FiberLink. County Status County Capital Mayor Gheorghe Ciuhandu, Christian-Democratic Peoples Party, since 1996 Area 129. ... Romania Data Systems (RDS) is one of the largest ISPs (Internet Service Provider) in Eastern Europe and Romania. ... Nickname: Motto: Patria si Dreptul Meu (My Country and My Right) Location of Bucharest within Romania (in red) Coordinates: , Country County Founded 1459 (first official record) Government  - Mayor Adriean Videanu Area  - City 228 km²  (88 sq mi)  - Metro 238 km² (91. ... County Teleorman County Status County capital Mayor Constantin Slăbescu, since 2004 Area  km² Population (2002) 58,651 Density  inh/km² Geographical coordinates 43°59′N 25°20′E Web site http://www. ... County Arad County Status County capital Mayor Gheorghe Falcă, Democratic Party, since 2004 Area 46. ... County Bacău County Status County capital Mayor Romeo Stavarache, National Liberal Party, since 2004 Area 41 km² Population (2002) 175,500 181,144 - National Institute of statistics, July 1, 2004 Density 5133 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... County Vaslui County Status Municipality Mayor Constantin Constantinescu, since 2004 Area  km² Population (2002) 78,633 Density  inh/km² Geographical coordinates 46°13′N 27°40′E Web site http://www. ... County BraÅŸov County Status County capital Mayor George Scripcaru, Democratic Party, since 2004 Area 267. ... County ConstanÅ£a Mayor Radu Åžtefan Mazăre Area 124. ... County Dolj County Status County capital Mayor Antonie Solomon, Democratic Party, since 2004 Area 81. ... County Status County capital Mayor Dinu Constantin, Social Democratic Party, since 2004 Area 55 km² Population (2002) 104,557 (2002 census) 109,450 (as of July 1, 2004)[1] Density 1900 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... County Status County capital Mayor Dumitru Nicolae, Social Democratic Party, since 2000 Area 246. ... County Status Municipality Mayor Gheorghe Nichita, Social Democratic Party, since 2003 Area 93. ... County Bihor County Status County capital Mayor Petru Filip, Democratic Party, since 2000 Area 111. ... County ArgeÅŸ County Status County capital Mayor Tudor Pendiuc, Social Democratic Party, since 1992 Population (2002) 168,458 171,498 - National Institute of statistics, July 1, 2004 Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... County CaraÅŸ-Severin County Status County capital Mayor Liviu Spătaru, National Liberal Party, since 2004 Population (2006) 86. ... County Status County capital Mayor Klaus Johannis, from the Democratic Forum of Germans of Romania, since 2000 Area 121. ... County Suceava County Status County capital Mayor Ion Lungu, National Liberal Party, since 2004 Area 52 km² Population (2002) 105,865 (2002 census) 107,513 (as of July 1, 2004)[1] Density 2,032 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... County Status County Capital Mayor Gheorghe Ciuhandu, Christian-Democratic Peoples Party, since 1996 Area 129. ... County Status County capital Mayor Dorin Florea, Democratic Party, since 2000 Area 49. ...


Russia

ER-Telecom company started construction of the "Universal City Telecommunication Network" (UCTN) in Perm. General principle applied to the construction was FTTH («Optics up to Home»). On the base of UCTN company offers the following services: «ER-Telecom» - russian telecommunicational holding company. ... Location Position of Perm in Russia Government Country Federal district Federal subject Russia Volga Federal District Perm Krai Mayor Igor Nikolayevich Shubin Geographical characteristics Area  - City    - Land    - Water 799. ... Fiber to the Home (FTTH) is a technology that allows Telephone, Cable TV and High Speed Internet to be accessed via one fiber cable. ...

  • Cable Television «Divan-TV»
  • High-speed broadband Internet Access «DOM.RU»
  • IP-telephony «GORSVYAZ»
  • Services for corporations («home office» service, videoconference connection, telemetry collecting service etc.).

Slovakia

In Slovakia, FTTH was first deployed in Bratislava, Piestany and Trnava by Orange. End user speed is 60/4 Mbit/s (down/up).The name of the service is Orange Doma Nickname: Location of Bratislava within Slovakia Coordinates: , Country Region Districts Bratislava I-V City subdivisions 17 city boroughs Cadastral areas 20 cadastral areas First mentioned 907 Government  - Type City council  - Mayor (Primátor) Andrej ÄŽurkovský  - Headquarters Primates Palace Area [1]  - City 367. ... Piešťany (German: Pistyan, Hungarian: Pöstyén) is a spa town in western Slovakia located on the Váh river. ... Trnava (Hungarian: Nagyszombat, German: Tyrnau) is a town in western Slovakia, 45 kilometers to the north-east of Bratislava, on the Trnávka river, and at the main Bratislava-Žilina railway and Bratislava-Žilina limited-access highway. ... Orange SA IPA: is a mobile network operator and an internet service provider that is a subsidiary of France Télécom. ...


Another FTTx connectivity is available in Michalovce by GeCom, s.r.o, which offers FTTB+ETTH variant at speeds of 100/100 Mbit/s (down/up). Michalovce (German: Großmichel, Hungarian: Nagymihály, Romani: Nadymihaya, Yiddish: Mikhaylovets or Mykhaylovyts) is a city on the Laborec river in eastern Slovakia. ...


FTTx connectivity is available in Kosice by Antik computers & communications, spol. s r.o., with FTTB+Eth at speeds 1G/1G on FTTB and 100M on ETH end point. Location of Kosice in the Czech Republic Kosice is a small village in the Hradec Králové Region of the Czech Republic. ...


Slovenia

In Slovenia, FTTH was first deployed in Kranj by T-2 company. Currently optical fiber infrastructure for FTTH is being built by Gratel in Ljubljana, Koper, Novo Mesto, Murska Sobota, Maribor, Slovenska Bistrica and Velenje. T-2 FTTH speed ranges from 10Mbit/s (€14/month), 20Mbit/s (€28/month) up to 1 Gbit/s (€1,000/month). Telekom Slovenije, the national telephone operator of Slovenia, announced that it will start building its own fiber optics networks in Nova Gorica, Ljubljana, Maribor, Novo mesto, Murska Sobota, Celje, Kranj, Koper and Domžale. By the end of 2007, they expect to have 50.000 FTTH subscribers. Kranj (German: Krainburg) is the fourth largest city of Slovenia, approximately 20 km north west from Ljubljana with a population of 51,225 (2002). ...   (IPA: ) is the capital and largest city of Slovenia. ... Area: 311. ... Novo Mesto with Krka river Novo Mesto (Slovenian: Novo mesto; German: ) is a one of the eleven town municipalities in the Dolenjska region of the Republic of Slovenia. ... Murska Sobota is a town and municipality in northeastern Slovenia, located near the river Mura (hence the name) in the region of Prekmurje, being its regional capital. ... Area: 147. ... Area: 334. ... Area: 83. ... Area: 309. ...   (IPA: ) is the capital and largest city of Slovenia. ... Area: 147. ... Novo Mesto with Krka river Novo Mesto (Slovenian: Novo mesto; German: ) is a one of the eleven town municipalities in the Dolenjska region of the Republic of Slovenia. ... Murska Sobota is a town and municipality in northeastern Slovenia, located near the river Mura (hence the name) in the region of Prekmurje, being its regional capital. ... Area: 94,9 km² Population  - males  - females 48. ... Kranj (German: Krainburg) is the fourth largest city of Slovenia, approximately 20 km north west from Ljubljana with a population of 51,225 (2002). ... Area: 311. ... Area: 72. ...


Spain

In Spain, the first FTTH network commercially deployed is in the mining valleys of Asturias. The network is currently (June 2007) being built and is planed for launch shortly. The networks covers 30 000 households in smaller towns in the mining districts of Asturias. The network uses Alcatel equipment and is PON based with 2.5G downstream and 1.25G upstream capacity per 32 homes. The network has an Open Access FTTH Network architecture allowing end users to select from several different service providers. website Alcatel SA is a global company, headquartered in France that provides hardware, software and services to telecommunications service providers and enterprises. ...


Middle East

Kuwait

South Surra, in four cities, Alsalam, Hutteen, Alshuhada, and future Seddeek. The project started on 2003, service has completed but with a lot of errors in installations (mixed up phone numbers, inactive additional services like CallerId). The equipment is from Alcatel. A typical installation has four RJ32 female sockets and two RJ45 female sockets. On May 2, 2007 Internet is offered for premises with Fibre. But still no International Calling service is available to date. Alcatel SA is a global company, headquartered in France that provides hardware, software and services to telecommunications service providers and enterprises. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


United Arab Emirates

The first FTTH project in the UAE went live in September 2002. The network initially served subscribers within Emaar Properties PJSC developments such as Dubai Marina, Emirates Lakes, Hills, Springs and the Arabian Ranches. The sun setting over Dubai Marina Dubai Marina is a district in the heart of what has recently become known as new Dubai, in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ...


The network was operated by a subsidiary of Emaar Properties called SAHM Technologies. The network was designed by Marconi and used equipment from Marconi, Riverstone, WWP, 3Com and Tandberg.


Subscribers are offered Voice, IPTV and broadband Internet. All services were transported over IP.


The network is now operated by du.


South America

Venezuela

First Deployment for 2000-Home FTTH Project in Maracay, Venezuela. In a first phase project to bring fiber to more than half million residents.


North America

Canada

Novus provides FTTH services in Vancouver, BC. Novus is a ftth provider in parts of downtown Vancouver. ...


As of August 2007 VIC Communications (www.vicip.ca) provides FTTH through 2 corridors of service area, which the company delivers Triple Play Services to Residential and Business customers. VIC Communications delivers Digital Television, Phone, and High Speed Internet through its FTTH deployment.


Bell Canada (www.bell.ca) provides Bell Optimax, which is designed for businesses, but offers FTTH deployment in Metro-areas through their coverage area.


United States

In the United States, the largest FTTP deployment to date is Verizon's FiOS. Verizon is the only Regional Bell Operating Company thus far to deploy FTTP on a large scale. Verizon's initial FTTP offering was based on Broadband Passive Optical Network (BPON) technology. Verizon is planning to introduce GigaPON or GPON, a faster optical access technology. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article or section should include material from Bell Atlantic This article or section should include material from GTE Verizon Communications (NYSE: VZ) is a local exchange telephone company formed by the merger of Bell Atlantic, a former Bell Operating Company, and GTE, which was the largest independant local exchange... FiOS is a fiber to the premises (FTTP) telecommunications service offered in the United States by Verizon. ... Map of the original and current companies. ... This article or section should include material from Bell Atlantic This article or section should include material from GTE Verizon Communications (NYSE: VZ) is a local exchange telephone company formed by the merger of Bell Atlantic, a former Bell Operating Company, and GTE, which was the largest independant local exchange... Broadband Passive Optical Network = Broadband PON This is an expanded version of APON, that supports WDM, dynamic and higher upstream bandwidth allocation, and suvivability. ... This article or section should include material from Bell Atlantic This article or section should include material from GTE Verizon Communications (NYSE: VZ) is a local exchange telephone company formed by the merger of Bell Atlantic, a former Bell Operating Company, and GTE, which was the largest independant local exchange... GigaPON. This is an evolution of the BPON standard. ...


With its U-Verse product, AT&T (formerly SBC) has pursued a strategy of Fiber to the Neighborhood (FTTN) and is now delivering Fiber to the Premises (FTTP) to select areas. AT&T has deployed FTTN in the Dallas, Texas area, including Richardson, Texas. The company is now upgrading the telephone and broadband Internet network to deliver FTTP in this area. AT&T U-verse is the brand name for a group of services provided over Internet Protocol (IP), including television service, Internet access, and eventually voice telephone service. ... This article is about the current AT&T. For the 1885-2005 company, see American Telephone & Telegraph. ... SBC Communications NYSE: SBC is an American telecommunications company based in San Antonio, Texas. ... “Dallas” redirects here. ... Nickname: Location within Dallas County and the state of Texas County Dallas County Collin County Government  - City Manager Bill Keffler Area  - City 74. ...


Connexion Technologies (formerly known as Capitol Infrastructure) currently serves over 100 communities with FTTH services that include phone, internet, television and home security. Connexion Technologies designs, builds and operates the telecommunication networks in single-family, multi-family, high rise, hospitality, and resort communities from coast to coast.


Broadweave Networks has multiple FTTP installations in new or greenfield communities in the west, including a contract with the Utah State Trust Lands Administration for up to 21,000 units in Washington County, Utah. Greenfield land is a term used to describe a piece of undeveloped land, either currently used for agriculture or just left to nature. ... Washington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Utah. ...


EATEL offers FTTP in the Ascension Parish, Louisiana area. Services currently available via their fiber-optic network include telephone, broadband Internet and television, which includes video on demand and regular broadcasts. Ascension Parish (French: Paroisse dAscension) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... Optical fibers An optical fiber (or fibre) is a glass or plastic fiber designed to guide light along its length by confining as much light as possible in a propagating form. ... Video on demand (VOD) systems allow users to select and watch video and clip content over a network as part of an interactive television system. ... Note: broadcasting is also the old term for hand sowing. ...


T² Communications of Holland, MI has deployed Fiber to the Home in order to deliver phone, television (IPTV) and Internet services, and is actively building its own fiber network.


Cedar Falls Utilities is installing FTTP in new or greenfield communities with the goal to completely replace their HFC plant by 2015. Greenfield land is a term used to describe a piece of undeveloped land, either currently used for agriculture or just left to nature. ... Hybrid Fibre Coaxial (HFC) is a telecommunications industry term for a network which incorporates both optical fibre along with coaxial cable to create a broadband network. ...


Qlevr Media Inc. - The first FTTH provider in Georgia offering television, telephone, Internet access, and home security over a single fiber.


Embarq (formerly Sprint/Nextel LTD) currently has FTTP available in three areas: Wake Forest, North Carolina, Winter Park, Florida and Las Vegas, Nevada. Embarq Corporation, or EMBARQ is the fourth largest local exchange carrier in the United States (below the Baby Bells) and the largest independent local provider, serving customers in 18 states and providing local, long distance, high-speed data and wireless services to residential and business customers. ... Sprint Nextel Corporation (NYSE: S) is one of the largest telecommunications companies in the world. ... Wake Forest is a town located in Wake County, North Carolina, a suburb of Raleigh. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Vegas redirects here. ...


Windstream Communications currently has FTTP available in many greenfield markets throughout the southern states. Windstream Communications, Inc. ... Greenfield land is a term used to describe a piece of undeveloped land, either currently used for agriculture or just left to nature. ...


PES Energize is providing video, voice and data services through an FTTP network in Pulaski, Tennessee. Pulaski is a city in Giles County, Tennessee, United States. ...


Telephone Service Company has completed deployment of their FTTH in the City of St. Marys, Ohio, a first for the bright.net affiliates in Ohio.[4] Nickname: Location in Ohio Coordinates: , Country United States State Ohio County Auglaize incorporated 1834 Government  - Type Mayor-Administrator  - Mayor Greg Freewalt  - Director of Public Service and Safety Thomas J. Hitchcock Population (2000)  - City 8,342  - Density 1,926. ...


Molalla Communications Company, of Molalla, Oregon, provides FTTP services to nearly half its subscriber base, and Fiber to the node for its remaining areas. Molalla is a city located in Clackamas County, Oregon. ... Fiber To The Node (FTTN) is a broadband architecture that provides high speed internet and other services to the home by running fiber to the node and Very-high-bit-rate Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL) over the existing telephone copper plant to the home. ...


Several carriers, municipalities, and planned communities across America are deploying their own fiber networks.


The city of San Francisco has released a feasibility study for government and public broadband via fiber optics. This was the result of San Francisco supervisors' vote to adopt a resolution to encourage certain city departments to consider installing FTTP for use primarily in city operations. This then evolved into the fiber feasibility study which also includes "services to businesses and residents." The study estimated build-out costs of $564 million. It has been released as a draft in order for members of the public to provide comment and input.


Service providers using Active FTTP technologies include YRT2 Inc., PAXIO Inc., SureWest, iProvo, Grant County, Washington, UTOPIA, and Broadweave Networks. Service providers using passive optical networks include Verizon (FiOS), AT&T (U-Verse), and several greenfield development networks. SureWest is a Roseville, CA based telecommunications company, servicing the Greater Sacramento Valley market. ... iProvo is the name of the Fiber to the Home owned and operated by the city of Provo, UT. It is the largest municipally-owned Fiber to the Home network in the United States. ... Grant County is a county located in the state of Washington. ... // Utah Telecommunication Open Infrastructure Agency The Utah Telecommunication Open Infrastructure Agency (UTOPIA) is a consortium of 14 Utah cities engaged in deploying and operating a 100% fiber optic network to every business and household (about 140,000) within its footprint. ... A passive optical network (PON) is a point-to-multipoint, fiber to the premises network architecture in which unpowered optical splitters are used to enable a single optical fiber to serve multiple premises, typically 32. ... This article or section should include material from Bell Atlantic This article or section should include material from GTE Verizon Communications (NYSE: VZ) is a local exchange telephone company formed by the merger of Bell Atlantic, a former Bell Operating Company, and GTE, which was the largest independant local exchange... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... AT&T U-verse is the brand name for a group of services provided over Internet Protocol (IP), including television service, Internet access, and eventually voice telephone service. ... Greenfield land is a term used to describe a piece of undeveloped land, either currently used for agriculture or just left to nature. ...


There are also two other FTTH providers, which are iProvo based in Provo, UT and UTOPIA based in Salt Lake County, UT. These FTTH municipal fiber networks are an open network to many ISPs including MSTAR Metro, Veracity, Xmission, and other service providers who have bought onto the network. The speeds of the network range around 15 Mbit/s Up and Down for residential use and 30 Mbit/s Up and down for business use. iProvo is the name of the Fiber to the Home owned and operated by the city of Provo, UT. It is the largest municipally-owned Fiber to the Home network in the United States. ... // Utah Telecommunication Open Infrastructure Agency The Utah Telecommunication Open Infrastructure Agency (UTOPIA) is a consortium of 14 Utah cities engaged in deploying and operating a 100% fiber optic network to every business and household (about 140,000) within its footprint. ...


Oceania

Australia

Australia is starting to deploy more FTTH, particularly in the new residential estates of Western Australia. Companies such as BES (Western Australia), GeoMedia (Western Australia), Bright (Western Australia) and Pivit (Queensland) all have commercial deployments although in small numbers (about 3000 subscribers in total).


Telstra have recently signed exclusive agreements with a number of developments across the country in new estates.


There are a number of trials in Tasmania (TasColt) and Victoria (Aurora, Colt), and Landcom in New South Wales has two tenders out for the deployment of FTTH in up to 9 estates. Landcom, previously known as the Land Commission of New South Wales, is a corporation in Australia owned by the Government of New South Wales. ...


Political debate about FTTH/FTTN in Australia

There is also huge political debate in Australia about who (which telco company) is going to build a nation-wide FTTN/FTTH network. Currently the Australian Government's watchdog, the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) are declining offers from Telstra Telstra Corporation (ASX: , NZX: TLS, NYSE: TLS) (formed from Telecom Australia) is an Australian telecommunications and media company under private ownership, with a dominant position in landline telephone services, a large share of mobile phone services, domestic consumer (including dial-up access and Broadband internet broadband cable modem, satellite and...


Telstra and many other companies are proposing their own plans for Australia's broadband network. The G9 consortium has recently sent a formal proposal to the ACCC. Deutsche Telekom has proposed building a network of it's own in Australia. Telstra has proposed building a VDSL network in Australia. It has been suggested that VDSL2 be merged into this article or section. ...


New Zealand

Telecom New Zealand (dominant telco) has started a FTTP trial (dubbed Next Generation Broadband) in a new subdivision (Flat Bush) in Manukau city in May 2006. The NGB provides up to 30 Mbit/s downstream speeds over a Passive Optical Network (PON) with the only cost to the customers during the trial being a NZ$49.95 activation fee.[5] Vector Communications provides FTTP in very limited Auckland CBD and Wellington CBD for around NZ$329 unlimited per month. You can also get FTTP services from Citylink in Wellington - price suggests this is for businesses only. Telecom New Zealand NZX: TEL ASX: TEL NYSE: NZT is a Wellington-based telephone company run as a publicly-traded private company since 1990. ... Manukau City (orange). ... For other uses, see Auckland (disambiguation). ... For the first Duke of Wellington, see Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. ...


See also

Fiber-optic communication is a method of transmitting information from one place to another by sending light through an optical fiber. ... Fiber In The Loop (FITL) is a system implementing or upgrading portions of the POTS local loop with fiber optic technology from the central office of a telephone carrier to a remote Serving Area Interface (SAI) located in a neighborhood or to an Optical Network Unit (ONU) located at the... Fiber to the x (FTTX) is a generic term for any network architecture that uses optical fiber to replace all or part of the usual copper loop used for telecommunications. ... Fiber To The Curb (FTTC) refers to a telecomunications system based on fiber-optic cables run to a platform that serves several customers. ... Fiber To The Node (FTTN) is a broadband architecture that provides high speed internet and other services to the home by running fiber to the node and Very-high-bit-rate Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL) over the existing telephone copper plant to the home. ... Hybrid fiber-coaxial (HFC) is a telecommunications industry term for a network which incorporates both optical fiber along with coaxial cable to create a broadband network. ...

References

  1. ^ Image:Http://techepics.com/files/fiber 7.jpg (September 2006). Definition of Terms, FTTH Council, pp. 2-3. Retrieved on 2007-03-04
  2. ^ http://www.soumu.go.jp/joho_tsusin/eng/Releases/Telecommunications/news070918_3.html
  3. ^ "Ericsson has signed the first GPON contract in Europe with CYTA in Cyprus", Marketwire, SYS-CON Publications, July 11,2007. Retrieved on 2007-07-11. 
  4. ^ http://www.telserco.com/Internet/broadband.cfm
  5. ^ http://computerworld.co.nz/news.nsf/news/6A7ED6A369FC154FCC2571DB0076DE75

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Fiber to the Home Council
  • KMI Research FTTP article
  • FTTH Blog Daily updates on the business and technology of FTTH
  • Kingfisher International Application Notes Fiber Optic Testing information about FTTH backbone Terminology.
  • Richardson, TX FTTP Conversion Notes Details of conversion to FTTP in Dallas, TX (USA) suburb of Richardson.
  • San Francisco Draft Fiber Study
  • UOC University article (in Spanish)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fiber to the premises - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1719 words)
Fiber to the Premises (FTTP) or Fiber to the Home (FTTH) is a broadband telecommunications system based on fiber-optic cables and associated optical electronics for delivery of multiple advanced services such as the triple play of telephone, broadband Internet and television all the way to the home or business.
One fiber is optically split into 16, 32, or 64 fibers (depending on the manufacturer) which are then distributed to residential or business subscribers.
Currently optical fiber infrastructure for FFTH is being built also in Ljubljana and Koper.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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