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Encyclopedia > Fetteresso Castle

Fetteresso Castle is a 14th century towerhouse, rebuilt in 1761 as a Scottish gothic style Palladian manor, with clear evidence of prehistoric use of the site. It is situated immediately west of the town of Stonehaven in Kincardineshire slightly to the west of the A90 dual carriageway. Other notable historic fortified houses or castles in this region are Dunnottar Castle, Muchalls Castle, Cowie Castle and Monboddo House. A tower house stands on a hillock near Quin along the back road from Limerick to Ennis. ... A villa with a superimposed portico, from Book IV of Palladios I Quattro Libri dellArchitettura, in a modestly priced English translation published in London, 1736. ... Dunnottar Castle Location within the British Isles Stonehaven (Steenhive in the Doric dialect of Scots ) is a town on the North-East coast of Scotland. ... Kincardineshire, also known as The Mearns (from A Mhaoirne meaning The Stewartry) is a traditional county on the coast of Northeast Scotland. ... Dunnottar Castle Dunnottar Castle is a ruined medieval fortress located upon a rocky outcrop on the north-east coast of Scotland, about two miles south of Stonehaven. ... Muchalls Castle, Kincardineshire Muchalls Castle stands overlooking the North Sea in the countryside of historic Kincardineshire, Scotland. ...

Contents

Prehistory

From cropmarks in the policies of Fetteresso Castle, there is evidence of a ring-ditch sited at the north end of a cursus. A cursus is a prehistoric set of parallel linear structures that were used for some type of athletic competition, possibly related to hunting or archery. In 1822 a cairn was discovered at Fetteresso Castle with some human remains inside. The burial site was clearly a bronze age construct by the size and shape of the chamber made of unhewn whinstone. Some legends tell that this is the grave of Malcolm I, who is recorded to have been slain at Fetteresso in 954 AD. The burial hillock has become known as Malcolm's Mount, even though it is not likely from current archaelogical analysis that the crypt could be so recent. The Roman Camp of Raedykes is located several miles northwest, where a full legion encamped and many archeological recoveries have been made. This location is thought to be the farthest north that the Romans held a full camp. Cursus was a name given by early British archaeologists such as William Stukeley to the large parallel lengths of banks with external ditches which they thought were early Roman athletics tracks, hence the Latin name Cursus, meaning Circus. Cursus monuments are now understood to be Neolithic structures and may have... One of many cairns marking British mass graves at the site of the Battle of Isandlwana. ... Malcolm I (Máel Coluim mac Domnaill), the son of Donald I of Scotland, became the King of Scotland in 942 or 943 after his cousin King Constantine II of Scotland abdicated and became a monk. ...


Middle Ages

The property is recorded to have been owned by the Strachans, but passed by marriage in the 14th century to the Keith Earls of Marischal, who built the towerhouse. The Earls of Mariscal also held the nearby fortress, Dunnottar Castle. // Etymology From Scottish Gaelic keth, woodland. The Name Keith could be: Places Keith, Moray. ... In Scotland, the office of Great Marischal of Scotland, which was granted to the Keith family as Knight Marischal and later on changed to Lord Marischal and later on again to Earl Marischal of Scotland, died out when a member of the family of Keith forfeited it by being part... Dunnottar Castle Dunnottar Castle is a ruined medieval fortress located upon a rocky outcrop on the north-east coast of Scotland, about two miles south of Stonehaven. ...


Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

In this era the characteristic Scottish designs of crow-stepped gables were introduced, and the battlement crenellation elements were introduced. In the year 1659 a woman named Jean Hunter lived at Fetteresso. From her behaviours she was accused of witchcraft and hanged at her home. An artist and wright named Alexander Charles worked at Fetteresso as an overseer. Charles flourished in the period 1671-1678 and published his drawings in at least one book. Late in the 17th century the Duff family controlled Fetteresso and expanded the building around the old towerhouse. Crow steps on a baronial building in Scotland Crow steps are a feature of buildings found in Scotland and elsewhere in the UK. A gable end of a roof made into steps with stone or bricks are called crow steps. ... The House of the Seven Gables, Salem, Massachusetts, showing four gables in this view. ... Crenellation (or crenelation) is the name for the distinctive pattern that framed the tops of the walls of many medieval castles, often called battlements. ...


Twentieth Century

In the 1940s the castle was owned by Maurice and Geraldine Simpson (nee Pringle]. Mrs. Simpson was the heir to the Pringle Knitting fortune. Subsequently the Simpsons acquired and lived in nearby Muchalls Castle. After the Simpson's tenure at Fetteresso, the roof was off the castle for some period starting around 1954, and the structure deteriorated badly. In the latter part of the 20th century the castle was restored with great interior modification to yield seven apartment units, which is its present use. As of 2006 Mrs. Simpson still resides in the local area. Pringle may refer to: Pringles brand potato chips Pringle, South Dakota Pringle, Pennsylvania John Pringle (1707-1782), physician This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Muchalls Castle, Kincardineshire Muchalls Castle stands overlooking the North Sea in the countryside of historic Kincardineshire, Scotland. ...


See also

Stonehaven Tolbooth The Stonehaven Tolbooth is a late sixteenth century stone building originally used as a prison and a courthouse in the town of Stonehaven, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. ...

Bibliography

  • Benjamin T. Hudson, Prophecy of Berchan: Irish and Scottish Kings of the Early Middle Ages, (1996) ISBN 0-313-29567-0
  • Scottish Notes and Queries 1899-1900, edited by John Bullock, A. Brown and Company, Aberdeen
  • Historical Geography of the Clans of Scotland
  • Primitive Beliefs in the Northeast of Scotland

 
 

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