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Encyclopedia > Festival
Village Feast.--Fac-simile of a Woodcut of the "Sandrin ou Verd Galant," facetious Work of the End of the Sixteenth Century (edition of 1609).
Village Feast.--Fac-simile of a Woodcut of the "Sandrin ou Verd Galant," facetious Work of the End of the Sixteenth Century (edition of 1609).

A festival is an event, usually and ordinarily staged by a local community, which centers on some unique aspect of that community. Look up festival in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2298x2091, 725 KB)Entertainers at the Golden Gate Renaissance fair, San Francisco, California. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2298x2091, 725 KB)Entertainers at the Golden Gate Renaissance fair, San Francisco, California. ... A Renaissance Fair (or Renaissance Faire) sometimes referred to as a Renaissance festival, is an outdoor weekend gathering drawing on themes from pop culture perceptions of the Middle Ages and Renaissance, strongly mediated through the entertainment media and comics. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 585 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,433 × 1,048 pixels, file size: 51 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 585 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,433 × 1,048 pixels, file size: 51 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...


Among many religions, a feast or festival is a set of celebrations in honour of God or gods. A feast and a festival are historically interchangeable. However, the term "feast" has also entered common secular parlance as a synonym for any large or elaborate meal. When used as in the meaning of a festival, most often refers to a religious festival rather than a film or art festival. This article is about the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... Polytheism is belief in or worship of multiple gods or deities. ... This article concerns secularity, that is, being secular, in various senses. ... An idiom is an expression (i. ... For the coarsely ground flour, see flour. ... A religious festival is a time of special importance marked by adherents to that religion. ...


In the Christian liturgical calendar there are two principal feasts, properly known as the Feast of the Nativity of our Lord (Christmas) and the Feast of the Resurrection, (Easter). In the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Anglican liturgical calendars there are a great number of lesser feasts throughout the year commemorating saints, sacred events, doctrines, etc. For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... The liturgical year, also known as the Christian year, consists of the cycle of liturgical seasons in some Christian churches which determines when Feasts, Memorials, Commemorations, and Solemnities are to be observed and which portions of Scripture are to be read. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Christian festival. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ...

Contents

Etymology

The word fest derives from the Middle English, from Middle French word festivus, from the Latin word festivus. Festival was first recorded as a noun in 1589. Before it had been used as an adjective from the fourteenth century, meaning to celebrate a church holiday. The etymology of feast is very similar to that of festival. The word "feste" (one letter different from "fest") comes from Middle English, from Middle French, from the Latin word festa. Feast first came into usage as a noun circa 1200, and feast was used as a verb circa 1300.[1]A festival is a special occasion of feasting or celebration, that is usually religious. There can be many different types of festival, like Halloween and Christmas. Middle English is the name given by historical linguistics to the diverse forms of the English language spoken between the Norman invasion of 1066 and the mid-to-late 15th century, when the Chancery Standard, a form of London-based English, began to become widespread, a process aided by the... Middle French (French: ) is a historical division of the French language which covers the period from (roughly) 1340 to 1611 [1]. It is a period of transition during which: the French language becomes clearly distinguished from the other competing Oïl languages which are sometimes subsumed within the concept of...


Function

Festivals, of many types, serve to meet specific needs, as well as to provide entertainment. These times of celebration offer a sense of belonging for religious, social, or geographical groups. Modern festivals that focus on cultural or ethnic topics seek to inform members of their traditions. In past times, festivals were times when the elderly shared stories and transferred certain knowledge to the next generation. Historic feasts often provided a means for unity among families and for people to find mates. Select anniversaries have annual festivals to commemorate previous significant occurrences. The word celebration has several meanings: See celebration for a joyous event or party. ... Old age consists of ages nearing the average lifespan of human beings, and thus the end of the human life cycle. ... For other uses, see Knowledge (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Family (disambiguation). ... IT FEELS REALLY GOOD IF YOU IMATATE THE ANIMALS. LOL! “Mounting” redirects here. ... An anniversary (from the Latin anniversarius, from the words for year and to turn, meaning (re)turning yearly; known in English since c. ...


Types of festivals

There are numerous types of festivals in the world. Though many have religious origins, others involve seasonal change or have some cultural significance. Also certain institutions celebrate their own festival (often called "fests") to mark some significant occasions in their history. These occasions could be the day these institutions were founded or any other event which they decide to commemorate periodically, usually annually.


Seasonal festivals

Festival in Nyon, Switzerland
Festival in Nyon, Switzerland

Seasonal festivals are determined by the solar and the lunar calendars and by the cycle of the seasons. The changing of the season was celebrated because of its effect on food supply. Ancient Egyptians would celebrate the seasonal inundation caused by the Nile River, a form of irrigation, which provided fertile land for crops. In the Alps, in autumn the return of the cattle from the mountain pastures to the stables in the valley is celebrated as Almabtrieb. A recognized winter festival, the Chinese New Year, is set by the lunar calendar, and celebrated from the day of the second new moon after the winter solstice. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (959x746, 263 KB) Summary de:Almabtrieb en:cattle drive (cattle drive down from the alp The seasonal transfer of grazing cows to different pastures. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (959x746, 263 KB) Summary de:Almabtrieb en:cattle drive (cattle drive down from the alp The seasonal transfer of grazing cows to different pastures. ... Almabtrieb in Kufstein, Austria The Almabtrieb (German language literally: drive from the mountain pasture) is an annual event in the alpine regions in Europe, referring to a cow train in autumn. ... Annual Almabtrieb cow train in Kufstein Kufstein is an old city in Tyrol, Austria. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 532 KB) Paléo Festival Nyon / Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 532 KB) Paléo Festival Nyon / Switzerland. ... Nyon is a municipality in the district of Nyon in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland. ... A solar calendar is a calendar whose dates indicate the position of the earth on its revolution around the sun (or equivalently the apparent position of the sun moving on the celestial sphere). ... A lunar calendar is a calendar that is based on cycles of the moon phase. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A flood (in Old English flod, a word common to Teutonic languages; compare German Flut, Dutch vloed from the same root as is seen in flow, float) is an overflow of water, an expanse of water submerging land, a deluge. ... There is also Nile, a death metal band from South Carolina, USA. The Nile in Egypt Length 6 695 km Elevation of the source 1 134 m Average discharge 2 830 m³/s Area watershed 3 400 000 km² Origin Africa Mouth the Mediterranean Basin countries Uganda - Sudan - Egypt The... Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the soil usually for assisting in growing crops. ... Alp redirects here. ... Pastureland Pasture is land with lush herbaceous vegetation cover used for grazing of ungulates as part of a farm or ranch. ... Almabtrieb in Kufstein, Austria The Almabtrieb (German language literally: drive from the mountain pasture) is an annual event in the alpine regions in Europe, referring to a cow train in autumn. ... For other traditions of celebrating lunar new year, see Lunar New Year. ... Illumination of Earth by Sun on the day of the northern hemisphere winter solstice Illumination of Earth by Sun on the day of the southern hemisphere winter solstice In astronomy, the winter solstice is the moment when the earth is at a point in its orbit where one hemisphere is...


"Fests"

Certain institutions decide to annually commemorate certain special events significant to their history. These institutions are usually educational institutes such as colleges and senior secondary, secondary, or high schools. Such festivals are usually called "fests". An example of such a fest is Saarang at IIT Madras, Chennai. For other uses, see College (disambiguation). ... A newspaper review on Saarang 2005 Saarang is the culfest of IIT Madras, Chennai. ... Categories: India-related stubs | Universities and colleges in India | Chennai | Tamil Nadu ... Madras redirects here. ...


General

Further information: Category:Festivals

An arts festival (also art festival) or art fair is a festival that focuses on the visual arts. ... A Beer Festival is an organised event during which a variety of beers (and often other alcoholic drinks) are available for tasting and purchase. ... A comedy festival is a celebration of comedy with many shows, venues, comedy performers (such as stand up comics, sketch troupes, variety performers, etc. ... A festival or fest is an event, usually staged by a local community, which centers on some theme, sometimes on some unique aspect of the community. ... A film festival is the presentation or showcasing of films in one or more movie theaters or screening venues. ... This article is about the Gaelic holiday. ... A music festival is a festival that presents a number of musical performances usually tied together through a theme or genre. ... A food festival is a festival, usually held annually, that uses food, often produce, as its central theme. ... Mela Festival are the multicultural events which have their roots in the traditional Asian Mela. ... A music festival is a festival oriented towards music that is sometimes presented with a theme such as musical genre, nationality or locality of musicians, or holiday. ... A Renaissance Fair (or Renaissance Faire) sometimes referred to as a Renaissance festival, is an outdoor weekend gathering drawing on themes from pop culture perceptions of the Middle Ages and Renaissance, strongly mediated through the entertainment media and comics. ... A rock festival, or a rock fest, is a large-scale outdoor rock music concert, featuring multiple acts, often spread out over several days. ... A science festival is a public event featuring a variety of science- and technology-related activities—from lectures, exhibitions, workshops, live demonstrations of experiments, guided tours and panel discussions to cultural events such as theater plays, readings and musical productions, all with the aim of involving the general public in...

Ancient Egyptian festivals

Most Ancient Egyptian festivals were religious, but others were not such as one festival established by Ramesses III to celebrate his victory over the Libyans. When feasts occurred, they were either determined by lunar cycles or the Egyptian calendar. Festivals were large celebrations with plenty of food available. In one festival in the 12th century BC, 11,341 loaves of bread and 385 jars of beer were given to the public. The Sed festival celebrated the thirtieth year of a pharaohs rule and then every three (or four in one case) years after that. Iranian traditional festivals: Mehregan festival, Norooz or nuroz festival, qadir festival, Chahar shanbehesori festival . Islamic festivals : Hajj festival ( biggest Islamic festival), Ide fiter festival is another Islamic festival, Ide qadir festival is also an Irano-Islamic festival . The pyramids are the most recognizable symbols of the civilization of ancient Egypt. ... Nomen: Ramesse Hekaiunu Ra bore him, Ruler of Heliopolis Consort(s) Iset Ta-Hemdjert, Tiye Children Ramesses IV, Ramesses VI, Ramesses VIII, Amun-her-khepeshef, Khaemwaset, Meryamun, Meryatum, Montuherkhopshef, Pentawere, Duatentopet (?) Father Setnakht Mother Tiy-Merenese Died 1155 BC Burial KV11 Monuments Medinet Habu Usimare Ramesses III (also written Ramses... The Great Socialist Peoples Libyan Arab Jamahiriya or Libya (Arabic: ليبيا) is a country in North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, located between Egypt on the east, Sudan on the southeast, Chad and Niger on the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. ... The sed festival (or heb sed) was an Ancient Egyptian ceremony held to celebrate the continued rule of a pharaoh. ... For other uses, see Pharaoh (disambiguation). ...


Chinese traditional festivals

  • Spring Festival (Chinese New Year, Agriculture Calendar January 1st)
  • Bhutan Festival (Unique Festival / http://www.bhutanmajestictravel.com/travel-information/festival-dates-2008-and-2009 ]
  • Lantern Festival (Community Day, Agriculture Calendar January 15th)
  • Wild Festival (Agriculture Calendar March 3rd)
  • Cold Food Festival (Agriculture Calendar one day before Solar term Qingming)
  • Mourning Festival (Ancestor Worship, Agriculture Calendar Solar term Qingming around Apr.5)
  • Dragon-boat Festival (Rice-Wrap Day, Agriculture Calendar May 5th)
  • Magpie Festival (Chinese Valentine, Agriculture Calendar July 7th)
  • Mid-Year Festival (Chinese Halloween, Agriculture Calendar July 15th)
  • Mid-Autumn Festival (Moon-Cake Day, Agriculture Calendar August 15th)
  • Dual-Yang Festival (Healthy long life Day and Hill-Climbing Day, Agriculture Calendar September 9th)
  • Mid-Winter Festival (Solar term Mid-Winter, around Dec.23rd)
  • Soup Festival (Buddhist Festival, Agriculture Calendar December 8th)
  • Kitchen Festival (Chinese Thanksgiving, Agriculture Calendar December 23rd)
  • New Year's Eve (the last day of the Agriculture Calendar)
  • Mothers Day Festival 2008 (May 11, from 11A.M. to 5P.M. South Park Recreation Center, 51th. St. & San Pedro St., South Central Los Angeles, 90011)

A banner of the celebration of Chinese New Year. ... For the festival associated with mooncakes sometimes called Lantern Festival, see Mid-Autumn Festival. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Qi Xi (七夕; Pinyin: qÄ« xÄ«; The Night of Sevens), sometimes called Chinese Valentines Day or Magpie Festival, falls on the seventh day of the seventh lunar month on the Chinese calendar; thus its name. ... Japanese name Kanji: Kana: Korean name Hangul: Hanja: Vietnamese name Quốc ngữ: Chữ nôm: Mid-Autumn Festival celebrations in Victoria Park, Hong Kong. ... For other articles with similar names, see New Year (disambiguation). ...

See also

Look up Fest, Festival in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Festivals

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... This is a comprehensive list of festivals. ... For Dom Guérangers series of books, see The Liturgical Year. ... For the book by Ernest Hemingway, see A Moveable Feast. ... Festive ecology explores the relationships between the symbolism and the ecology of the plants, fungi and animals associated with cultural events such as festivals, processions and special occasions. ... Event planning is the process of planning a festival, ceremony, competition, party, or convention. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Etymology of "feast", etymonline.com. Retrieved on 2006-03-09.
Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Festival (369 words)
Festival is multi-lingual (currently English (British and American), and Spanish) though English is the most advanced.
Festival and the speech tools are distributed under an X11-type licence allowing unrestricted commercial and non-commercial use alike.
Festival related mailing lists can be found here.
Festival - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (514 words)
When used as in the meaning of a festival, feast is thought of as a religious festival rather than a film or art festival.
Seasonal festivals are determined by the solar and the lunar calendars and by the cycle of the seasons.
A recognized winter festival, the Chinese New Year, is set by the lunar calendar, and celebrated from the day of the second new moon after the winter solstice.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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