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Encyclopedia > Fernsehturm Berlin
The Berliner Fernsehturm seen from a distance.
The Berliner Fernsehturm seen from a distance.

The Fernsehturm (German for "television tower") is a television tower in the center of Berlin, Germany. It is a well-known landmark, close to Alexanderplatz. The tower was built between 1965 and 1969 by the former German Democratic Republic (GDR), and its image was used as a symbol of Berlin by the GDR administration. The tower is easily visible throughout the central districts of Berlin, and remains a symbol of the city. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 410 KB) en: Berliner Fernsehturm - from south - in foreground the Marienkirche and in background the hotel Park Inn de: Berliner Fernsehturm - von Süden - die Marienkirche im Vordergrund und das Hotel Park Inn im Hintergrund Source/Photographer: photo taken by... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 410 KB) en: Berliner Fernsehturm - from south - in foreground the Marienkirche and in background the hotel Park Inn de: Berliner Fernsehturm - von Süden - die Marienkirche im Vordergrund und das Hotel Park Inn im Hintergrund Source/Photographer: photo taken by... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Alexanderplatz from Fernsehturm Alexanderplatz is a large open square and public transport hub in central Berlin, near the Spree river and the Berliner Dom. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Anthem Auferstanden aus Ruinen Capital East Berlin Language(s) German Government Socialist republic Head of State  - 1949 – 1960 Wilhelm Pieck  - 1960 – 1973 Walter Ulbricht  - 1973 – 1976 Willi Stoph  - 1976 – 1989 Erich Honecker  - 1989 Egon Krenz  - 1989 - 1990 Manfred Gerlach Head of Government  - 1949 – 1964 Otto Grotewohl  - 1964 – 1973 Willi Stoph...


The original total height of the tower was 365 meters, but after the installation of a new antenna in the 1990s, the height is now 368 m. The Fernsehturm is the third largest structure in Europe, after Moscow's Ostankino Tower and Riga Radio and TV Tower. There is a visitor platform and a rotating restaurant in the middle of the sphere. The visitor platform is at a height of about 204 m above the ground, and visibility can reach 42 km (25 miles) on a clear day. The restaurant, which rotates once every twenty minutes, is a few meters above the visitors platform (originally it turned once per hour; the speed was later doubled, and tripled following the tower's late 1990s renovation). For the band, see 1990s (band). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Vertical panorama of Ostankino Television Tower The Ostankino tower seen from the grounds at All-Russia Exhibition Centre. ... The Radio and TV Tower from below The Riga Radio and TV Tower (Rīgas radio un televīzijas tornis) is the tallest structure in Riga, Latvia and Baltic states. ...


Inside the shaft are two elevators for bringing visitors into the sphere section of the tower within 40 seconds. It is not accessible by wheelchair. Due to their small size, there are long waits at the base of the tower. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


To mark the 2006 FIFA World Cup in Germany, and the final match in Berlin Olympic Stadium, the sphere was decorated as a football with magenta-coloured pentagons, which was the corporate colour of World Cup sponsor Deutsche Telekom, the owner of the tower. “2006 World Cup” redirects here. ... The Olympiastadion (Olympic Stadium) is a sports stadium in Berlin. ... A football is a ball that is round. ... Magenta is a color made up of equal parts of red and blue light. ... [[Images:Bonn DTAG2. ...

Contents

History

Fernsehturm with roof of pavillion
The Fernsehturm sphere decorated as a football in the runup to the World Cup.
The Fernsehturm sphere decorated as a football in the runup to the World Cup.

In 1964, Walter Ulbricht, leader of the Socialist Unity Party which governed East Germany, decided to allow the construction of a television tower on Alexanderplatz. The Berliner Fernsehturm was modelled on the Fernsehturm Stuttgart. The architecture traces back to an idea from Hermann Henselmann and Jörg Streitparth. Walter Herzong and Herbert Aust later also took part in the planning. Construction began on August 4, 1965. After 4 years of construction, the Fernsehturm began test broadcasts on October 3, 1969, and was officially inaugurated four days later on the GDR's National Day. It is among the best known sights in Berlin, and has around a million visitors every year. It has been likened to a stalk of asparagus (West Berlin journalists sometimes referred to it as the Telespargel, "tele-asparagus") and the Death Star from Star Wars. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1704 × 2272 pixel, file size: 991 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1704 × 2272 pixel, file size: 991 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... Walter Ulbricht (June 30, 1893 – August 1, 1973) was a German communist statesman. ... The party emblem represented the handshake between Communist Wilhelm Pieck and Social Democrat Otto Grotewohl when their parties merged in 1946 The Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) (German: Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands) was the governing party of East Germany from its formation in 1949 until the elections of 1990. ... The Fernsehturm Stuttgart (TV Tower Stuttgart) is the worlds first TV tower built from concrete (and prototype for many towers of that kind all over the world). ... Karl-Marx-Allee, towards Strausberger Platz. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... For the botanical genus, see Asparagus (genus). ... Boroughs of West Berlin West Berlin was the name given to the western part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... The Death Star is a fictional planet-destroying superweapon as well as an enormous mobile military garrison in the Star Wars universe. ... Star Wars is an epic space opera saga and a fictional universe initially developed by George Lucas during the 1970s and expanded since that time. ...


Although construction had begun on a television tower in southeast Berlin's Müggelberg, the project was halted, because a tower in that location would have been dangerous to planes entering and leaving nearby Schönefeld International Airport. Landsat image of SXF Schönefeld International Airport (Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld) (IATA: SXF, ICAO: EDDB)is an international airport located on the south-eastern outskirts of Berlin, Germany, near Brandenburg, Germany. ...


The "Pope's Revenge"

The "Pope's Revenge" reflection seen on the dome.
The "Pope's Revenge" reflection seen on the dome.

When the sun shines on the Fernsehturm's tiled stainless steel dome, the reflection usually appears in the form of a cross. This effect was not desired by the planners; no one realized that it would look like this in advance. As a jibe against the atheist foundations of the Communist government, and the ongoing suppression of church institutions in East Germany, Berliners immediately named the luminous cross Rache des Papstes, or "Pope's Revenge". For the same reasons, the structure was also called "St. Walter" (from Walter Ulbricht). Image File history File links Picture of the Popes Revenge from DE wikipedia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Picture of the Popes Revenge from DE wikipedia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For information about the band, see Atheist (band). ... Walter Ulbricht (June 30, 1893 – August 1, 1973) was a German communist statesman. ...


U.S. President Ronald Reagan mentioned this phenomenon in his "Tear down this wall" speech on June 12, 1987: “Reagan” redirects here. ... U.S. President Ronald Reagan speaking in front of the Brandenburg Gate at the Berlin Wall. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ...

"Years ago, before the East Germans began rebuilding their churches, they erected a secular structure: the television tower at Alexanderplatz. Virtually ever since, the authorities have been working to correct what they view as the tower's one major flaw: treating the glass sphere at the top with paints and chemicals of every kind. Yet even today when the sun strikes that sphere, that sphere that towers over all Berlin, the light makes the sign of the cross. There in Berlin, like the city itself, symbols of love, symbols of worship, cannot be suppressed."

Popular culture

In the BBC movie, End Day, the tower is destroyed. In the movie Tornado (movie), the windows of the tower are destroyed by a tornado. Imagine waking up to the last day on Earth. ...


Technical Details

  • Entrance of observation deck is 6.25 meters above ground
  • 2 elevators to transport the visitors
  • 1 elevator to transport technical equipment
  • Steel stairway with 986 steps
  • Evacuation platforms at 188 meters and 191 meters heights
  • Observation deck at 203.78 meters
  • Restaurant at 207.53 meters
  • Height of the tower: 368.03 meters
  • Weight of the shaft: 26 000 tonnes
  • Weight of the sphere 4 800 tonnes

Gallery

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The following fall under the definition of a tower which is a tall man-made structure, always taller than it is wide, and usually much higher. ... The Fernsehturm Stuttgart (TV Tower Stuttgart) is the worlds first TV tower built from concrete (and prototype for many towers of that kind all over the world). ... The Funkturm Berlin Funkturm - blue illuminated on the occasion of the Funkausstellung 2005 Berliner Funkturm seen from the Zentraler Omnibus Bahnhof The Berliner Funkturm or Funkturm Berlin (Radio Tower Berlin) is a transmitting tower in Berlin, built between 1924 and 1926 by Heinrich Straumer. ...

External links

Coordinates: 52°31′15″N, 13°24′34″E Structurae is an on-line database containing works of structural and civil engineering of all kinds such as Bridges, High-rise buildings, towers, dams, etc. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The CN Tower in Toronto, Ontario is the worlds tallest freestanding structure on land at 553. ... Milad Tower under construction, as of June 22nd, 2005. ... Beijings CCTV Tower The China Central Television TV (CCTV) Tower is the tallest structure in Beijing, China. ... This article is about the CN Tower in Toronto. ... The Eiffel Tower (French: , ) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the River Seine in Paris, France. ... The Berliner Fernsehturm seen from a distance. ... Gerbrandy tower, IJsselstein, NL The tower at Christmas The Gerbrandy Tower (Dutch: ) is a tower which was built in 1961 in the Netherlands. ... Located in the city of Guangzhou, China, Guangzhou TV & Sightseeing Tower [1] will be the tallest free standing structure after its completion in 2009, provided the Burj Dubai does not open first. ... HöiÃ¥smasten is a TV tower used for FM- and TV-transmission near Halden at Norway. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The Kuala Lumpur Tower (officially known as Menara Kuala Lumpur; referred later as KL Tower) is a tall tower located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and was built in 1995. ... The KXJB-TV mast is a television transmitting tower in North Dakota, and at 2060 ft (628 m) it is the second-tallest artificial structure in the world, shorter by 3 ft (1 m) than the KVLY-TV mast which stands a few miles or kilometers away. ... KVLY-TV mast seen close-up The KVLY-TV mast (formerly the KTHI-TV mast) is a television transmitting tower in North Dakota, USA, used by Fargo station KVLY channel 11. ... At 372 m, the Liberation Tower (seen in background) is the worlds 21st tallest free-standing structure, by pinnacle height. ... Macau Tower, Macau The observation deck, viewed from underneath A fountain in the shape of a lotus, the representative flower of Macau, outside the Macau Tower Macau Tower, also known as Macau Sky Tower, is a tower located in Macau, a Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of... The Oriental Pearl Tower (东方明珠塔, pinyin: Dōngfāng MíngzhÅ«tÇŽ) is a TV tower in Shanghai, China. ... Vertical panorama of Ostankino Television Tower The Ostankino tower seen from the grounds at All-Russia Exhibition Centre. ... The Radio and TV Tower from below The Riga Radio and TV Tower (RÄ«gas radio un televÄ«zijas tornis) is the tallest structure in Riga, Latvia and Baltic states. ... Looking up at the Sky Tower / Sky Tower lit up at night. ... The Stratosphere Las Vegas is a hotel and casino located on the Las Vegas Strip in Las Vegas, Nevada, owned by American Casino & Entertainment Properties which is a wholly owned subsidiary of American Real Estate Partners. ... Sydney Tower (also known as the AMP Tower, AMP Centrepoint Tower, Centrepoint Tower or just Centrepoint) is Sydneys tallest free-standing structure, and the second tallest in Australia (with the Q1 building on the Gold Coast being the tallest). ... Tallinn TV Tower, looking up at the top. ... The TV Tower of Tashkent is a 375 meter high tower, located in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. ... The Tianjin Radio and Television Tower is a 415. ... Tokyo Tower ) is a tower in Shiba Park, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan ( ). It is 332. ... The Torrena is a 336. ... The Vilnius TV Tower (Lithuanian: Vilniaus televizijos bokÅ¡tas) is a 326. ... The Warsaw radio mast in Konstantynów The Warsaw radio mast a few months after collapse Warsaw Radio Mast from far away The Warsaw radio mast was the tallest structure ever built; however, it existed only from 1973 to 1991. ... Zendstation Smilde is a tall free-standing structure, similar as Gerbrandy Tower, built for directional radio services and TV and FM-transmissions in 1959 in the Netherlands. ... The Millau Viaduct (French: ) is a large cable-stayed road-bridge that spans the valley of the River Tarn near Millau in southern France. ... Rogun Dam is a rock- and earth-filled dam across the Vakhsh River in southern Tajikistan. ... The Nurek (Norak) Dam is a large earthfill dam located at 38. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The Yangtze River Crossing may refer to one of three overhead power lines crossing the Yangtze River, China. ... The Petronius Platform is a deepwater oil platform operated by ChevronTexaco and Marathon Oil in the Gulf of Mexico, 210 km Southeast of New Orleans. ... Baldpate Platform is a 579. ... Bullwinkle Platform is a 529. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Troll oil field. ... Gullfaks C is an offshore platform of Statoil at Block 34/10 in the North Sea. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Milad Tower under construction, as of June 22nd, 2005. ... Beijings CCTV Tower The China Central Television TV (CCTV) Tower is the tallest structure in Beijing, China. ... This article is about the CN Tower in Toronto. ... The Eiffel Tower (French: , ) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the River Seine in Paris, France. ... The Berliner Fernsehturm seen from a distance. ... Gerbrandy tower, IJsselstein, NL The tower at Christmas The Gerbrandy Tower (Dutch: ) is a tower which was built in 1961 in the Netherlands. ... Located in the city of Guangzhou, China, Guangzhou TV & Sightseeing Tower [1] will be the tallest free standing structure after its completion in 2009, provided the Burj Dubai does not open first. ... HöiÃ¥smasten is a TV tower used for FM- and TV-transmission near Halden at Norway. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... For the North Korean TV channel, see Korean Central Television KCTV is the CBS-affiliated television station for the Kansas City metropolitan area. ... The Kuala Lumpur Tower (officially known as Menara Kuala Lumpur; referred later as KL Tower) is a tall tower located in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and was built in 1995. ... The KXJB-TV mast is a television transmitting tower in North Dakota, and at 2060 ft (628 m) it is the second-tallest artificial structure in the world, shorter by 3 ft (1 m) than the KVLY-TV mast which stands a few miles or kilometers away. ... KVLY-TV mast seen close-up The KVLY-TV mast (formerly the KTHI-TV mast) is a television transmitting tower in North Dakota, USA, used by Fargo station KVLY channel 11. ... At 372 m, the Liberation Tower (seen in background) is the worlds 21st tallest free-standing structure, by pinnacle height. ... Macau Tower, Macau The observation deck, viewed from underneath A fountain in the shape of a lotus, the representative flower of Macau, outside the Macau Tower Macau Tower, also known as Macau Sky Tower, is a tower located in Macau, a Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of... The Oriental Pearl Tower (东方明珠塔, pinyin: Dōngfāng MíngzhÅ«tÇŽ) is a TV tower in Shanghai, China. ... Vertical panorama of Ostankino Television Tower The Ostankino tower seen from the grounds at All-Russia Exhibition Centre. ... The Radio and TV Tower from below The Riga Radio and TV Tower (RÄ«gas radio un televÄ«zijas tornis) is the tallest structure in Riga, Latvia and Baltic states. ... Looking up at the Sky Tower / Sky Tower lit up at night. ... The Stratosphere Las Vegas is a hotel and casino located on the Las Vegas Strip in Las Vegas, Nevada, owned by American Casino & Entertainment Properties which is a wholly owned subsidiary of American Real Estate Partners. ... Sydney Tower (also known as the AMP Tower, AMP Centrepoint Tower, Centrepoint Tower or just Centrepoint) is Sydneys tallest free-standing structure, and the second tallest in Australia (with the Q1 building on the Gold Coast being the tallest). ... Tallinn TV Tower, looking up at the top. ... The TV Tower of Tashkent is a 375 meter high tower, located in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. ... The Tianjin Radio and Television Tower is a 415. ... Tokyo Tower ) is a tower in Shiba Park, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan ( ). It is 332. ... Downtown San Antonio features the historic San Fernando Cathedral, the Tower Life Building and the Tower of The Americas. ... The Torrena is a 336. ... The Vilnius TV Tower (Lithuanian: Vilniaus televizijos bokÅ¡tas) is a 326. ... The Warsaw radio mast in Konstantynów The Warsaw radio mast a few months after collapse Warsaw Radio Mast from far away The Warsaw radio mast was the tallest structure ever built; however, it existed only from 1973 to 1991. ... Zendstation Smilde is a tall free-standing structure, similar as Gerbrandy Tower, built for directional radio services and TV and FM-transmissions in 1959 in the Netherlands. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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The Fernsehturm (German for the "Tower of the Television") is a tower of the television in the center of Berlin, Germany.
The tower is easily visible through the central districts of Berlin, and remains a symbol of the city.
To mark the 2006 World of FIFA in Germany, and in the final equal in Berlin the Olympic Stadium, the sphere was decorated like a soccer; is colored magenta, the corporate color of sponsor of World Deutsche Telekom, the owner of the tower.
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