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Encyclopedia > Fernsehturm
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The Berliner Fernsehturm seen from a distance.

The Fernsehturm (German for "Television Tower") is a television tower in the centre of Berlin, Germany. It is a well-known landmark, close to Alexanderplatz. The tower was built in 1969 by the former German Democratic Republic (GDR), and its image was used as a symbol of Berlin by the GDR administration. The tower is easily visible throughout the central districts of Berlin, and remains a symbol of the city. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 410 KB) en: Berliner Fernsehturm - from south - in foreground the Marienkirche and in background the hotel Park Inn de: Berliner Fernsehturm - von Süden - die Marienkirche im Vordergrund und das Hotel Park Inn im Hintergrund Source/Photographer: photo taken by... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 410 KB) en: Berliner Fernsehturm - from south - in foreground the Marienkirche and in background the hotel Park Inn de: Berliner Fernsehturm - von Süden - die Marienkirche im Vordergrund und das Hotel Park Inn im Hintergrund Source/Photographer: photo taken by... The Eiffel Tower Fire-observation watchtower in Kostroma, Russia. ... (help· info) is the capital city and a state of Germany. ... Alexanderplatz from Fernsehturm Alexanderplatz is a large open square and public transport hub in central Berlin, near the Spree river and the Berliner Dom. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... National motto: none Official languages German Capital East Berlin Largest city East Berlin Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 106th 108,333 km² Negligible Creation -Abolition 7 October 1949 3 October 1990 Currency East German Mark Time zone  â€“ in summer CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) National anthem Auferstanden aus Ruinen Internet...


The original total height of the tower was 365 m, but after the installation of a new antenna in the 1990s, the height is now 368 m. The Fernsehturm is the second largest structure in Europe, after Moscow's Ostankino Tower. There is a visitor platform and a restaurant in the middle of the sphere. The visitor platform is at a height of about 204 meters above the ground. The restaurant, which turns by 360 degrees every half an hour, is a few meters above the visitors platform. The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ... Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one. ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA: (help· info)) is the capital of Russia and the countrys principal political, economic, financial, educational and transportation center, located on the river Moskva. ... Ostankino Tower from the air. ...


Inside the shaft are two lifts for bringing visitors into the sphere part within 40 seconds.

Contents


History

In 1964, Walter Ulbricht, leader of the Socialist Unity Party which governed East Germany, decided to allow the construction of a television tower on Alexanderplatz. The Berliner Fernsehturm was modelled on the Fernsehturm Stuttgart. The architecture traces back to an idea from Hermann Henselmann and Jörg Streitparth. Walter Herzong and Herbert Aust later also took part in the planning. Construction began on August 4, 1965. After 4 years of construction, the Fernsehturm opened on October 3, 1969. It is among the best known sights in Berlin, and has around a million visitors every year. American tourists sometimes note its vague resemblance to the Death Star from Star Wars. For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ... Walter Ulbricht on a 1953 issue of TIME Walter Ulbricht (June 30, 1893 – August 1, 1973) was a German communist politician. ... The logo of the SED The Socialist Unity Party of Germany (German: Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands, or SED) was the governing party of East Germany from its formation in 1949 until the elections of 1990. ... The Fernsehturm Stuttgart (TV Tower Stuttgart) is the worlds first TV tower built from concrete (and prototype for many towers of that kind all over the world). ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... The first Death Star The second Death Star The Death Star is a giant military space station in the fictional Star Wars universe. ...


Although construction had begun on a television tower in southeast Berlin's Müggelberg, the project was halted, because a tower in that location would have been dangerous to planes entering and leaving nearby Schönefeld International Airport. Landsat image of SXF Schönefeld International Airport (Flughafen Berlin-Schönefeld) (IATA: SXF, ICAO: EDDB)is an international airport located on the south-eastern outskirts of Berlin, Germany, near Brandenburg, Germany. ...


The "Pope's Revenge"

The "Pope's Revenge"
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The "Pope's Revenge"

Whenever the sun shines on the Fernsehturm's tiled stainless steel dome, the reflection appears in the form of a cross. This effect was not desired by the planners; no one realized that it would look like this in advance. As a jibe against the atheist foundations of the Communist government, and the ongoing suppression of churchly institutions in East Germany, Berliners immediately named this phenomenon; they called the luminous cross Rache des Papstes, or "Pope's Revenge". For the same reasons, the structure was also called "St. Walter" (from Walter Ulbricht). Image File history File links Picture of the Popes Revenge from DE wikipedia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Picture of the Popes Revenge from DE wikipedia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For information about the band, see Atheist (band). ... Walter Ulbricht on a 1953 issue of TIME Walter Ulbricht (June 30, 1893 – August 1, 1973) was a German communist politician. ...


Technical Details

  • Entrance of observation deck is at 6.25 m above ground
  • 2 elevators to transport the visitors
  • 1 elevator to transport technical equipment
  • Steel stairway with 986 steps
  • Evacuation platforms at 188 meter and 191 meter heights
  • Observation deck at 203.78 meters
  • Restaurant at 207.53 meters
  • Height of the tower: 368.03 meters
  • Weight of the shaft: 26 000 metric tons
  • Weight of the sphere 4 800 metric tons

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Berliner Fernsehturm

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Fernsehturm Stuttgart (TV Tower Stuttgart) is the worlds first TV tower built from concrete (and prototype for many towers of that kind all over the world). ...

External links


 
 

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