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Encyclopedia > Fernando Sor
Fernando Sor
Fernando Sor

Fernando Sor (baptized Joseph Fernando Macari Sors or José Fernando Macarurio Sors February 14, 1778July 10, 1839) was a Spanish guitarist and composer, born in Barcelona. In Spain he is sometimes known as the "Beethoven of the Guitar". Image File history File links Spanish guitar composer and virtuoso. ... Image File history File links Spanish guitar composer and virtuoso. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1778 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1839 (MDCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... For the UK magazine, see Guitarist (magazine). ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... “Beethoven” redirects here. ...

Contents

Fernando's Life

Born to a fairly well-off family, Sor was descended from a long line of career soldiers, and intended to continue that legacy, but was distracted from this when his father introduced him to Italian opera. He fell in love with music and abandoned a military career. Along with opera, Sor's father also introduced him to the guitar, which, at the time, was little more than an instrument played in taverns, thought to be inferior to orchestral instruments. a family of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso in 1997 Family is a Western term used to denote a domestic group of people, or a number of domestic groups linked through descent (demonstrated or stipulated) from a common ancestor, marriage or adoption. ... This article is about Opera, the art form. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ...


Sor studied music at Santa María de Montserrat, a Benedictine Abbey on the slopes Montserrat, a mountain near Barcelona where he wrote his first pieces of music for the guitar. Once his father died, his mother couldn't afford to finance continued studies and withdrew him. Santa María de Montserrat is a Benedictine abbey located in the Montserrat mountain, near Barcelona, in Catalonia, Spain. ...


In 1808, when Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Spain, Sor began to write nationalistic music for the guitar, often accompanied by patriotic lyrics. After the defeat of the Spanish army, Sor accepted an administrative post in the occupying government. After the Spanish repelled the French in 1813, Sor and many other artists and aristocrats who had befriended the French (afrancesados) left Spain for fear of retribution. He went to Paris, and never returned to his home country again. Year 1808 (MDCCCVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des... Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolising French nationalism during the July Revolution 1830. ... Defence of the fatherland is a commonplace of patriotism: The statue in the courtyard of École polytechnique, Paris, commemorating the students involvement in defending France against the 1814 invasion of the Coalition. ... Lyrics are the words in songs. ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... The definition of an artist is wide-ranging and covers a broad spectrum of activities to do with creating art, practicing the arts and/or demonstrating an art. ... Aristocracy is a form of government in which rulership is in the hands of an upper class known as aristocrats. ... Afrancesado was the term used to denote liberal or revolutionary pro-French Spaniards particularly during the Peninsula War. ... This article is about the capital of France. ...


He began to gain renown in the Parisian art community for his skills of composition and for his ability at playing the guitar, and eventually began to tour across Europe, gaining considerable fame. In 1827, due partly to his advancing age, he settled down and decided to live out the rest of his life in Paris. It was during this retirement that he composed many of his better works. Tour may mean: Concert tour, series of performances in different markets Tourism, travel for pleasure James Tour, nanoscientist Le Tour de France, the worlds biggest bicycle race This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Year 1827 (MDCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Retirement is the point where a person stops employment. ...


His last work was a mass in honour of his daughter, who died in 1837. Her death sent the already sickly Sor into serious depression, and he died a miserable man in 1839. He died of tongue and throat cancer. The Mass, a form of sacred musical composition, is a choral composition that sets the fixed portions of the Eucharistic liturgy (principally that of the Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Church, generally known in the US as the Episcopal Church, and also the Lutheran Church) to music. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1839 (MDCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Works

How history has viewed Sor's style can be summed up in a quote from William Newman: "The creative worth of Sor's guitar sonatas is high. The ideas, which grow out of the instrument yet stand up well enough apart from it, are fresh and distinctive. The harmony is skillful and surprisingly varied, with bold key changes and with rich modulations in the development sections. The texture is naturally of interest too, with the melody shifted from top to bottom, to middle, and frequent contrapuntal bits added. Among the extended forms, the first Allegro movements still show considerable flexibility in the application of 'sonata form', especially in the larger number of ideas introduced and recalled. For that matter, the style still goes back to that of Haydn and Mozart, especially in the first movement of Op. 22, which has all the neatness of syntax and accompaniment to be found in a classic symphony, and its third and fourth movements, which could nicely pass as a Minuet and Rondo by Haydn." William Stein Newman (April 6, 1912 - April 27, 2000) was an American musicologist. ... Sonata (From Latin and Italian sonare, to sound), in music, literally means a piece played as opposed to cantata (Latin cantare, to sing), a piece sung. ... Harmony is the use and study of pitch simultaneity, and therefore chords, actual or implied, in music. ... In music, modulation is most commonly the act or process of changing from one key (tonic, or tonal center) to another. ... Look up melody in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Counterpoint is a very general feature of music (especially prominent in much Western music) whereby two or more melodic strands occur simultaneously - in separate voices, either literally or metaphorically (if the music is instrumental). ... In musical terminology, tempo (Italian for time) is the speed or pace of a given piece. ... In music, a movement is a large division of a larger composition or musical form. ... (Franz) Joseph Haydn (in German, Josef; he never used the Franz) (March 31, 1732 – May 31, 1809) was a leading composer of the classical period. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was one of the most significant and influential of all composers of Western classical music. ... For other uses, see Syntax (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A minuet, sometimes spelled menuet, is a social dance of French origin for two persons, usually in 3/4 time. ... a rondo is played between episode which are played by non solo people Rondo, and its French equivalent rondeau, is a word that has been used in music in a number of ways, most often in reference to a musical form, but also in reference to a character-type that...

  • Method for the Spanish Guitar

First published in French under the name Méthode pour la Guitare (1830) and then translated in English under the name “Method for the Spanish Guitar” in 1832. The Method for the Spanish Guitar is a method for the classical guitar written by the Spanish guitarist and composer Fernando Sor The method for the guitar is a book which is not only about technique but also about harmony, sonority, composition, and above all music as an art. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


List of opuses

  • 1800-1808 Seguidillas (12 songs for voice with guitar accompaniment and some with piano)

(1.) Cesa de atormentarme
(2.) De amor en las prisiones
(3.) Acuérdate bien mío
(4.) Prepárame la tumba
(5.) Cómo ha de resolverse
(6.) Muchacha, y la verguenza
(7.) Si dices que mis ojos
(8.) Los canónigos, madre
(9.) El que quisiera amando
(10.) Si a otro cuando me quieres
(11.) Las mujeres y cuerdas
(12.) Mis descuidados ojos
Image File history File links Broom_icon. ...

  • 18?? 1. 6 Divertissements
  • 18?? 2. 6 Divertissements
  • 18?? 3. Varied Theme and Minuet
  • 18?? 4. Fantasy
  • 18?? 5. 6 Short Pieces
  • 18?? 6. 12 Studies
  • 18?? 7. Fantasy
  • 18?? 8. 6 Divertissements
  • 1821 9. Introduction and Variations on a Theme from “The Magic Flute” by Mozart
  • 18?? 10. Fantasy
  • 18?? 11. 2 Varied Themes and 12 Minuets
  • 18?? 12. Fantasy
  • 1819 13. 6 Divertissements
  • 1822 14. Grand Solo
  • 18?? 15a. Folies d`Espagne et un Menuet. 1822. (Meissonnier). 1810. (Castro)
  • 18?? 15b. Sonata seconda in C major. 1822. (Meissonnier). 1810. (Castro)
  • 18?? 15c. Thème varié in C major. 1822. (Meissonnier). 1810. (Castro)
  • 18?? 16. Cinquième fantaisie. (Introduction, Theme and Variations on “Nel cor piu” by Pai[sillo”).
  • 18?? 17. 6 Waltzes
  • 18?? 18. 6 Waltzes
  • 18?? 19. 6 Airs from the “Magic Flute”
  • 18?? 20. Introduction and Varied Theme
  • 18?? 21. “Les Adieux”
  • 1825 22. Grand Sonata
  • 1825 23. Divertissements. (1825, Meissonnier)
  • 1825 24. 8 Short Pieces
  • 1827 25. Grand Sonata
  • 1827 26. Introduction and Variations on « Que ne suis-je la fougère! »
  • 1827 27. Introduction and Variations on « Gentil houssard »
  • 1827 28. Introduction and Variations on « Malbrough s`en-va-t-en guerre »
  • 18?? 29. 12 Studies. (Continuation of op, 6.)
  • 1828 30. Fantasy and Brilliant Variations
  • 18?? 31. 24 Progressive Lessons for Beginners
  • 18?? 32. 6 Short Pieces
  • 1828 33. 3 Society Pieces. 1828. (Last Publication by Meissonnier)
  • 1828 34. L`Encouragement. (Duet). 1828. (Pacini)
  • 1828 35. 24 Exercises. 1828. ( First Publication by Pacini)
  • 18?? 36. (In Simrock Edition this opus number is given as Three Society Pieces. But it is the same composition as opus 34.)
  • 18?? 37. Serenade
  • 1830 38. Divertissements. (Duet). 1829-30. (Pacini)
  • 1830 39. 6 Waltzes. (Duet). 1829-30. (Pacini)
  • 18?? 40. Fantasy and Variations on a Scotch Air
  • 1830 41. Les Deux Amis. (Duet). 1829-30. (Pacini)
  • 18?? 42. 6 Short Pieces
  • 18?? 43. “Mes Ennius” - 6 Bagatelles
  • 18?? 44. 24 Studies
  • 1831 44, bis. 6 Easy Waltzes. (Duet). 1831. (Pacini)
  • 18?? 45. 6 Pieces
  • 1831 46. “Souvenir of Friendship”
  • 1832 47. 6 Short Pieces
  • 1832 48. “How do you like this ?” - Rondo
  • 1832 49. Military Divertissement. (Duet). 1832. (Pacini)
  • 1832 50. “La Calm”. 1832
  • 1832 51. “À la Bonne Heure” - 6 Waltzes
  • 18?? 52. Fantasy Villagoise
  • 1832 53. “The First Step”. (Duet). 1832. (Pacini)
  • 1832 54. Concert Piece. 1832
  • 18?? 54. bis. Fantasy. (Duet)
  • 18?? 55. 3 Easy Duets. (Duet)
  • 18?? 56. “An Evening in Berlin”
  • 1834 57. 6 Waltzes and a Galop
  • 18?? 58. Easy Fantasy
  • 18?? 59. Elégiac Fantasy
  • 18?? 60. 25 Progressive Studies
  • 1837 61. 3 Easy Duets. (Duet). 1836-7. (Pacini)
  • 1838 62. Divertissements. (Duet). 1837-8. (Pacini)
  • 18?? 63. “Souvenir of Russia. (Duet)

Year 1821 (MDCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1822 (MDCCCXXII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1827 (MDCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1827 (MDCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1827 (MDCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1827 (MDCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1832 (MDCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1832 (MDCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1832 (MDCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1832 (MDCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1832 (MDCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1832 (MDCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1832 (MDCCCXXXII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Fernando Sor

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Sheetmusic

  • Collection of sheet music (www.fernandosor.fr.st)
  • Fernando Sor free scores in the Werner Icking Music Archive
  • sheet music (www.delcamp.net)

The Werner Icking Music Archive, often abbreviated WIMA, is a web archive of public domain sheet music. ...

Biography

  • More detailed biography and performance notes (www.musicweb-international.com)
  • Another biography (www.classicalguitar.net)

Works

  • List of Sor's surviving musical works (www.musicweb-international.com)

  Results from FactBites:
 
classicalguitar.net - Fernando Sor (1983 words)
Sor was one of the most prolific composers for, and promoters of, the guitar as a "concert" instrument, in the last two hundred years.
Sor's vocal compositions have gained such favour [sic] that a new set of arietts, from his pen, causes almost as much sensation as the publication of a new novel by the author of Waverly." (Repository of Arts March 1, 1820) (Jeffery Sor).
Sor was greatly saddened by this and seems to have gone into a state of depression, as evidenced by the last great symphonic work written by him, a Mass in honor of his daughter.
Fernando Sor (1778 - 1839) by Andrew Daly (1854 words)
Fernando Sor was one of these French sympathisers (Afrancesados) and sided against the deposed Spanish King,Charles IVth.
Presumably Sor`s own technique was more than adequate to play all of his own compositions which indicates that even by today’s standards he must have been a formidable guitarist.
Sor needs immense care and affection, and if one invests his music with that, I can’t see how anybody can object to it”.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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