FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
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Encyclopedia > Fernando Rivera y Moncada

Fernando Javier Rivera y Moncada (ca. 1725-1781) was a soldier from New Spain who served in Baja California and California, playing notable roles in several early overland explorations and serving as the region's governor. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Baja California Peninsula (highlighted) The Baja California Peninsula or Lower California is a peninsula in the west of Mexico. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...

Rivera was born near Compostela, New Spain. He entered military service in 1742, serving harmoniously under Jesuit direction in Baja California. In 1750 he was promoted to command of the presidio at Loreto. He participated in the important reconnaissances of the northern peninsula together with the Jesuit missionary-explorers Ferdinand Konščak and Wenceslaus Linck. Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... Presidio is a place in the State of Texas in the United States of America: see Presidio, Texas. ... Loreto (or Conchó) was the first Spanish town on the Baja California Peninsula, the capital of Las Californias from 1697–1777, and the current seat of the Loreto municipality in Baja California Sur. ... Ferdinand Konščak (Ferdinand Consag in Hungarian) (December 2, 1703 - September 10, 1759) was a missionary, explorer, and cartographer. ... Wenceslaus Linck (Wenceslau Linck) (1736-post 1790) was the last of the outstanding Jesuit missionary-explorers in Baja California. ...

Rivera's situation changed in 1768 when the Jesuits were expelled and replaced in Baja California by the Franciscans and by the civil authorities of New Spain. The latter ordered a bold move northward to colonize Alta California. In 1769, Rivera led the first overland party to San Diego, together with Juan Crespi and José Cañizares, traveling in advance of the party led by Gaspar de Portolà and Junípero Serra. After the several land and sea groups assembled again at San Diego, Rivera continued north with Portolà to Monterey. The Suppression of the Jesuits in Portugal, France, the Two Sicilies, Parma and the Spanish Empire by 1767 was a product of a series of political moves rather than a theological controversy. ... Franciscans is the common name used to designate a variety of mendicant religious orders of men or women tracing their origin to Francis of Assisi and following the Rule of St. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Nickname: Americas Finest City Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates: Country United States State California County San Diego  - Mayor Jerry Sanders  - City Attorney Michael Aguirre  - City Council Scott Peters Kevin Faulconer Toni Atkins Tony Young Brian Maienschein Donna Frye Jim Madaffer Ben Hueso Area    - City 963. ... Juan Crespi (1721–1782), was a Spanish missionary and explorer in the Southwest, a Franciscan. ... Gaspar de Portolà (circa 1717 – aft. ... Blessed Junípero Serra (November 24, 1713 – August 28, 1784) was a Majorcan (Spain) Franciscan friar who founded the mission chain in Alta California. ... Nickname: The Cradle of History, Californias First City Location of Monterey, California County Monterey Mayor Chuck Della Sala Area    - City 11. ...

Rivera retired to the Mexican mainland around 1772, but he was soon recalled to service. Serra and the Franciscans had quarreled with California's military governor, Pedro Fages, and Rivera took over as Fages' replacement in 1774. The results were not happy. Rivera himself was soon in conflict with Serra and the Franciscans and with Juan Bautista de Anza. Rivera opposed the settlement of San Francisco. When several Kumeyaay Indian communities joined together to sack the mission at San Diego in 1775, Rivera had the responsibility of suppressing the revolt. For forcibly removing one of the rebels from a temporary church building at the mission, Rivera was excommunicated by the Franciscans. Don Pedro Fages Beleta (Catalan: Pere Fages i Beleta) was born in Guissona (Lleida, Catalonia, Spain) in 1734 and died in Mexico City in 1794. ... Juan Bautista de Anza Juan Bautista de Anza Bezerra Nieto (July 1736 - December 19, 1788) was a Novo-Spanish explorer for the Spanish Empire. ... Nickname: The City by the Bay; Fog City Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco  - Mayor Gavin Newsom Area    - City 122 km²  (47 sq mi)  - Land 121. ... The Kumeyaay, also known as the Diegueño and sometimes confused with the Luiseño, are a Native American people of the extreme southwestern United States and northwest Mexico. ... Mission San Diego de Alcalá as it stood circa 1900. ...

After his governorship ended in 1777, Rivera was reassigned as military commander at Loreto. His final duties were focused on assisting parties to settlers to make their way overland to California. In 1781 he was on the lower Colorado River performing this task when the Quechan Indians rose in revolt and killed the local missionaries, settlers, and travelers, including Rivera. The Colorado River from the bottom of Marble Canyon, in the Upper Grand Canyon Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River from Laughlin The Colorado River is a river in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately 1,450 mi (2,330 km) long... Yumas. ...


  • Ives, Ronald L. 1984. José Velásquez: Saga of a Borderland Solider (Northwestern New Spain in the 18th Century). Southwestern Mission Research Center, Tucson.
  • Rivera y Moncada, Fernando de. 1967. Diario del capitán comandante Fernando de Rivera y Moncada. Edited by Ernest J. Burrus. 2 vols. José Porrúa Turanzas, Madrid.

  Results from FactBites:
Documents (1431 words)
Rivera and 25 soldados de cuera or cuirassiers from the presidio of Loreto, priest Juan Crespi, the masters mate, Jose Carizares, three mulateers, and a band of Christianized natives left Velicata in March.
Rivera's men were declared to be `the best horsemen in the world, and among those soldiers who best earn their bread from the august monarch whom they serve'...
Rivera the sole American among officers of the expedition, was the only one to be passed over in....
LatinoLA - Comunidad - News & Information About Your Community (1373 words)
Soon after, Fernando Rivera y Moncada, the Lieutenant Governor of California, was appointed to oversee the recruitment of the proposed settlements.
Rivera?s entire expedition of settlers, soldiers, and livestock were assembled at ?lamos in January.
Meanwhile, Captain Rivera on the mainland, accompanied by 42 soldiers and 961 horses and mules, rode north toward the Colorado River.
  More results at FactBites »



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