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Encyclopedia > Ferdinand Schörner
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Field Marshal Ferdinand Schörner

Ferdinand Schörner (December 5, 1892 - February 7, 1973) was a German general and later field marshal during World War II. public domain (yeah? source?) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... public domain (yeah? source?) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


He was born in Munich, Bavaria. A noted veteran of the World War I, winning the Pour le Mérite in 1917, Schörner served as a staff member and instructor between the two wars. As an army instructor he was instrumental in turning the Waffen SS from a paramilitary force into military stormtroopers able to fight alongside the Wehrmacht. Munich: Frauenkirche and Town Hall steeple Munich (German: München (pronounced listen) is the state capital of the German Bundesland of Bavaria. ... With an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... The Pour le Mérite, known informally as the Blue Max, was Germanys highest military order awarded during World War I. The award was first founded in 1740, named in French, the language of the royal court, for merit. ... 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Waffen-SS recruitment poster; Volunteer to the Waffen-SS The Waffen-SS (Armed SS) was the operational military wing of the Schutzstaffel. ... The term Stormtrooper refers to special military troops which were formed in the last year of World War I as the German army developed new methods of attacking enemy trenches, called infiltration tactics. Men trained in these methods were known as Sturmmann (Stormtroopers), formed into companies of Sturmtruppen (Storm Units). ... Wehrmacht was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ...


Schörner was highly successful during the German campaigns in Poland and the Balkans, commanding the 98th Mountain Regiment, after which he commanded the XIX Mountain Corps in Finland. Later he commanded the XXXX Panzer Corps on the Eastern Front from November 16, 1943 to January 31, 1944. The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe southeastern Europe (see the Definitions and boundaries section below). ... Gebirgskorps Norwegen (Mountain Corps Norway) was a German army unit during World War II. The corps was formed in July 1940 and was later transferred to northern Norway as part of AOK Norwegen. ... The Eastern Front was the theatre of combat between Nazi Germany and its allies against the Soviet Union during World War II. It was somewhat separate from the other theatres of the war, not only geographically, but also for its scale and ferocity. ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In March 1944 he was made commander of Army Group A and in May, commander of Army Group South Ukraine. At this time he managed to persuade Hitler to authorize a retreat from the Black Sea port of Sevastopol and in a series of defensive battles stabilized the crumbling front. In July he became commander of Army Group Courland where he stayed until January 1945 when he was made commander of Army Group Centre. Finally, on April 30, 1945 Schörner was named as Commander-in-Chief of the German Army (Oberbefehlshaber des Heeres)[1] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_Sch%F6rner#endnote_OKH) in Hitler's last testament, which he served as until the surrender of the Wehrmacht on May 8, 1945. Schörner had been promoted to the rank of Field Marshal (Generalfeldmarschall) on April 5. 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Army Group A was the name of a German Army Group during World War II. During the German invasion of the Low Countries and France Army Group A was the southern attacking Army Group. ... Satellite view of the Black Sea, taken by NASA MODIS Cities of the Black Sea The Black Sea (known as the Euxine Sea in antiquity) is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Asia Minor. ... Sevastopol (Севастополь, Sevastopol’ in Russian and Ukrainian; Aqyar in Crimean Tatar), formerly known as Sebastopol, is a port city in Ukraine, located on the Black Sea coast of Crimean peninsula. ... Army Group Courland (German: Heeresgruppe Kurland) On the 25 January 1945 Hitler renamed three army groups. ... January is the first month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Army Group Centre (Heeresgruppe Mitte in German) was one of three German army formations assigned to the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, code-named Operation Barbarossa. ... April 30 is the 120th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (121st in leap years), with 245 days remaining, as the last day in April. ... The Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH) was Germanys Army High Command from 1936 to 1945. ... The Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH) was Germanys Army High Command from 1936 to 1945. ... The last will and testament of Adolf Hitler were dictated by Hitler to his secretary in his Berlin Führerbunker on April 29, 1945 the day he and Eva Braun married. ... Wehrmacht was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. ... Generalfeldmarschall (General Field Marshal, usually translated simply as Field Marshal, and sometimes written only as Feldmarschall) was a rank in the armies of several German states and also of the Holy Roman Empire and Austrian Empire which could be granted to active officers only in wartime. ... April 5 is the 95th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (96th in leap years). ...


On May 7, the day General Alfred Jodl, Chief-of-Staff of OKW (German Armed Forces High Command), was negotiating a surrender of all German forces at SHAEF, the last the OKW had heard from Schörner was on May 2. He had reported he intended to fight his way west and surrender his army group to the Americans. On the May 8 an OKW colonel was escorted through the American lines to see Schörner. The colonel reported Schörner had ordered his operational command to observe the surrender but could not guarantee he would be obeyed everywhere. Later that day Schörner deserted his command and flew to Austria where on May 18 he was arrested by the Americans. Elements of Army Group Centre continued to resist until they met the overwelming force of the Red Army, sent to occupy Czechoslovakia during the final Prague Offensive. May 7 is the 127th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (128th in leap years). ... Colonel-General Alfred Jodl Alfred Jodl (May 10, 1890 - October 16, 1946) was a Wehrmacht officer. ... The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht or OKW (Wehrmacht High Command, Armed Forces High Command) was part of the command structure of the German armed forces during World War II. In theory, it served as the military general staff for Adolf Hitlers Third Reich, coordinating the efforts of the German Army... This article chronicles the end of the European Theatre of World War II. On April 25, 1945 United States and Soviet troops linked-up, cutting Germany in two. ... Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (abbreviated as SHAEF), was the command headquarters of the commander of Allied forces in North West Europe in 1944 and 1945. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... The Prague Offensive May 6— May 11, 1945 ( Russian:Пражская наступательная операция, Prazhskaya nastupatelnaya operacia, Prague offensive operation) was the last major battle of the Eastern Front of the World War II. During the battle Prague was liberated, and the troops of Army Group Center that did not surrender after...


Schörner was turned over to the Soviets who regarded him as a strategic prize. They repeatedly made offers to appoint him as a general in the new East German military if he switched his allegiance to Communism. Refusing to cooperate, Schörner was interred in a Soviet prisoner of war camp from May 15, 1945 until January 17, 1955. He was reportedly severely mistreated and apparently tortured. After his release the Soviets demanded he settle down in East Germany but he refused and went to West Germany instead. In retaliation for this the Soviet controlled East German Stasi, working through their network of agents, launched a massive smear campaign against him in West German media. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) (Russian: (СССР)  listen; tr. ... For the historical eastern German provinces, see Historical Eastern Germany East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR), German Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR), was a Communist Party-led state that existed from 1949 to 1990 in the former Soviet occupation zone of Germany. ... This article is about communism as a form of society built around a gift economy, as an ideology that advocates that form of society, and as a popular movement. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR), German Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR), was a Communist state that existed from 1949 to 1990 in the former Soviet occupation zone of Germany. ... This article is about Stasi, the secret police of East Germany. ...


As a result an investigation was launched into his wartime court-martials and he was put on trial as a common criminal for ordering the shooting of a combat commander and his deputy for negligence, along with ordering the shooting a private 1st class who had fallen asleep behind the steering-wheel of his vehicle while drunk. Charged with manslaughter he was sentenced to 4 1/2 years of imprisonment. He was released in 1963. 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


A broken man, he died in Munich on February 7, 1973. Munich: Frauenkirche and Town Hall steeple Munich (German: München (pronounced listen) is the state capital of the German Bundesland of Bavaria. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ...


Notes

  1. ^  Like many institutions in Nazi Germany the control of the Army was split between the German Armed Forces High Command (OKW) and the German Army High Command (OKH). By 1945 the OKW commanded all German forces in every theatre apart from those on the Eastern Front which were under OKH control and which, before his suicide, had reported directly to Hitler. So it was not clear if Schörner was under the command of OKW on May 8 or if Reichspräsident ("President of Germany") Karl Dönitz, or Reichskanzler von Krosigk, needed to order Schorner to surrender .



The Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH) was Germanys Army High Command from 1936 to 1945. ... May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). ... The Reichspräsident (Reich President) was the German head of state during the period of the 1919- 1933 Weimar Republic and the title was later briefly revived in 1945. ... Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz. ... The head of government in Germany has traditionally been called Kanzler (Chancellor). ... Count Johann Ludwig (Lutz) Schwerin von Krosigk, EK, (August 22, 1887 – March 4, 1977) was a German politician. ...

 
German Field Marshals (Generalfeldmarschall) of World War II

Werner von Blomberg | Hermann Göring | Walther von Brauchitsch | Albert Kesselring | Wilhelm Keitel | Günther von Kluge | Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb | Fedor von Bock | Wilhelm List | Erwin von Witzleben | Walther von Reichenau | Erhard Milch | Hugo Sperrle | Gerd von Rundstedt | Erwin Rommel | Georg von Küchler | Erich von Manstein | Friedrich Paulus | Ewald von Kleist | Maximilian von Weichs | Ernst Busch | Wolfram von Richthofen | Walther Model | Ferdinand Schörner | Robert Ritter von Greim Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. ... Generalfeldmarschall (General Field Marshal, usually translated simply as Field Marshal, and sometimes written only as Feldmarschall) was a rank in the armies of several German states and also of the Holy Roman Empire and Austrian Empire which could be granted to active officers only in wartime. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Werner von Blomberg Werner Eduard Fritz von Blomberg (September 2, 1878-March 22, 1946) was a leading member of the German Army prior to World War II. Born in Stargard, Pomerania, Germany, Werner von Blomberg joined the army at a young age and attended Germanys War College in 1904. ... Hermann Göring Hermann Wilhelm Göring (also Goering or Goring in English) (January 12, 1893 – October 15, 1946) was a prominent and early member of the Nazi party, founder of the Gestapo, and one of the main architects of Nazi Germany. ... Walther von Brauchitsch (October 4, 1881, Berlin - October 18, 1948, Hamburg) was commander-in-chief of the Wehrmacht in the early years of World War II. Brauchitsch was commissioned in the Prussian Guard in 1900. ... Albert Kesselring (August 8, 1881 _ July 16, 1960) was a German Generalfeldmarschall who commanded Army Group C during World War II. He was nicknamed Smiling Albert or smiling Kesselring. He was born in Marktsteft, Germany, in 1881 . ... Generalfeldmarschall Wilhelm Keitel Wilhelm Bodewin Johann Gustav Keitel (September 22, 1882 - October 16, 1946) was a German Field Marshal (Generalfeldmarschall) and a senior military leader during World War II. Early life and career He was born in Helmscherode near Hanover, Germany, the son of Carl Keitel, a middle-class landowner. ... Günther von Kluge Günther von Kluge (nicknamed Hans) (October 30, 1882 - August 19, 1944), was a German military leader. ... Field Marshal Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb (September 5, 1876 - April 29, 1956) commanded Germanys Seventh Military District as a lieutenant general before the rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party. ... Generalfeldmarschall Fedor von Bock Fedor von Bock (December 3, 1880 - May 4, 1945) was a German field marshal during World War II. He was born in Küstrin, Germany. ... Wilhelm List (Siegmund Wilhelm von List) (May 14, 1880 - August 17, 1971), was a German Field Marshal during World War II. During 1939 he was General Officer Commanding the German 14th Army in Poland. ... Erwin von Witzleben (December 4, 1881 - August 8, 1944) was a German Generalfeldmarschall. ... Field-Marshal Walther von Reichenau Walther von Reichenau (August 16, 1884 - January 17, 1942), German military commander, was the son of a Prussian general and joined the German Army in 1902. ... Air Marshall Erhard Milch Erhard Milch (March 30, 1892 – January 25, 1972) was an official of the Nazi government who oversaw the development of the Luftwaffe as part of the re-armament of Germany following World War I. Milch was born in Wilhelmshaven. ... Hugo Sperrle Hugo Sperrle (February 7, 1885 - April 2, 1953), was a German field marshal of the airforce Luftwaffe during World War II. He joined the German Army in 1903 and transferred to the Luftstreitkräfte (German Army Air Service) at the start of World War I, serving as an... Generalfeldmarschall Gerd von Rundstedt Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt (December 12, 1875 - February 24, 1953) was a Field Marshal of the German Army during World War II. He remains known as one of Germanys best generals, as well as for being apolitical throughout his career. ... Erwin Rommel Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel (November 15, 1891 – October 14, 1944) was one of the most distinguished German Field Marshals and commander of the Deutsches Afrika Korps in World War II. He is also known by his nickname The Desert Fox (Wüstenfuchs). ... Field Marshal Georg von Küchler Georg Karl Friedrich Wilhelm von Küchler (May 30, 1881 _ May 25, 1968) was a German field marshal during World War II. Born in Philippsruhe castle near Hanau, Küchler led the German 18th Army in 1940 in the invasion of neutral Holland... Generalfeldmarschall Erich von Manstein Erich von Manstein (November 24, 1887–June 10, 1973) was one of the most prominent commanders of Nazi Germanys Armed Forces (Wehrmacht) during World War II. He attained the rank of Field Marshal (Generalfeldmarschall). ... Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Paulus (September 23, 1890, Breitenau –February 1, 1957, Dresden) was a German general, later promoted to field marshal, during World War II. Paulus was the son of a schoolteacher. ... Paul Ludwig Ewald von Kleist (August 8, 1881 - November 13 or 16 1954) was a leading German Field Marshal during World War II. Born into an aristocratic family in Braunfels an der Lahn, von Kleist was educated in a German military school and served as a lieutenant of hussars and... Maximilian von Weichs Maximilian Maria Joseph Karl Gabriel Lamoral Reichsfreiherr von Weichs zu Glon (12 November 1881 - 27 September 1954) was a German Generalfeldmarschall and a military leader in World War II. He was born into a noble family at Dessau, a son of an army Colonel. ... Ernst Busch (6 July 1885 - 17 July 1945) was a German field marshall during World War II. He was born in Essen-Steele, Germany, and died in a prisoner of war camp in Aldershot, England. ... Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen (10 October 1895 - 12 July 1945) He was born in Barzdorf. ... Walther Model (pronounced modal) (January 24, 1891–April 21, 1945) was a German general, and later a Field Marshal, during World War II. He was noted for his defensive skills, and was nicknamed Hitlers fireman. Model served as an infantry officer in World War I. During the Polish and... Robert Ritter von Greim Robert Ritter von Greim or Robert Greim (June 22, 1892 - May 24, 1945) was a German pilot and army officer. ...

Honorary: Eduard von Böhm-Ermolli Eduard Freiherr von Böhm-Ermolli (1856 - 1941) was an Italian-born Austrian officer during World War I who rose to the rank of Field Marshal in the Austro-Hungarian Army. ...

 
German Grand Admirals (Großadmiral) of World War II

Erich Raeder | Karl Dönitz Alternate meaning: Grand Admiral (Star Wars). ... German Grand Admiral Sleeve Insignia Grand Admiral Shoulder Insignia In the German Navy the rank of Grand Admiral (Großadmiral) was considered the highest Naval rank. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Erich Raeder. ... Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz. ...


 
Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oakleaves, Swords, and Diamonds during World War II

Werner Mölders | Adolf Galland | Gordon Gollob | Hans-Joachim Marseille | Hermann Graf | Erwin Rommel | Wolfgang Luth | Walter Nowotny | Adelbert Schulz | Hans-Ulrich Rudel | Hyazinth Graf von Strachwitz | Herbert Otto Gille | Hans-Valentin Hube | Albert Kesselring | Helmut Lent | Sepp Dietrich | Walther Model | Erich Hartmann | Hermann Balck | Gerhard Ramcke | Wolfgang Schnaufer | Albrecht Brandi | Ferdinand Schörner | Hasso von Manteuffel | Theodor Tolsdorff | Karl Mauss | Dietrich von Saucken The Iron Cross (German: Eisernes Kreuz) is a military decoration of Germany which was established by King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia and first awarded on 10 March 1813. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Adolf Galland (March 19, 1912 - February 9, 1996) was a World War II German fighter pilot and General der Jagdflieger. ... Hans-Joachim Marseille (December 13, 1919 _ September 30, 1942) was a Luftwaffe pilot, accepted to be one of the greatest aces of World War II. He was nicknamed the star of Africa. Marseille scored all but seven of his 158 victories against the British Commonwealths Desert Air Force... Erwin Rommel Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel (November 15, 1891 – October 14, 1944) was one of the most distinguished German Field Marshals and commander of the Deutsches Afrika Korps in World War II. He is also known by his nickname The Desert Fox (Wüstenfuchs). ... Walter Nowotny (December 7, 1920 _ November 8, 1944) was a German flying ace of World War II with 258 confirmed victories in 442 missions, 255 victories over Russian pilots. ... Hans Rudel Hans-Ulrich Rudel (July 2, 1916 - December 18, 1982) was a highly decorated German Stuka dive-bomber pilot during World War II. Rudel was born in Konradswaldau (Silesia), Germany (occupied by Poland since 1945). ... Count Hyazinth Strachwitz von Gross-Zauche und Camminetz Der Panzergraf / The Panzer Count (July 30, 1893 - 1968) Count Hyazinth Strachwitz von Gross-Zauche und Camminetz Count Hyazinth Strachwitz von Gross-Zauche und Camminetz was born on July 30th of 1893 to old Silesian nobility in Grosstein. ... General der Panzertruppen Hans-Valentin Hube Hans-Valentin Hube (29 October 1890-21st April 1944) was a General who served in the German Heer during the First and Second World Wars. ... Albert Kesselring (August 8, 1881 _ July 16, 1960) was a German Generalfeldmarschall who commanded Army Group C during World War II. He was nicknamed Smiling Albert or smiling Kesselring. He was born in Marktsteft, Germany, in 1881 . ... General Sepp Dietrich Josef Sepp Dietrich (May 28, 1892–April 21/22, 1966) was a German Waffen-SS general, an SS-Oberstgruppenführer, and one of the closest men to Hitler. ... Walther Model (pronounced modal) (January 24, 1891–April 21, 1945) was a German general, and later a Field Marshal, during World War II. He was noted for his defensive skills, and was nicknamed Hitlers fireman. Model served as an infantry officer in World War I. During the Polish and... Erich Alfred Bubi Hartmann (April 19, 1922 - September 19/20, 1993) was the most successful fighter ace in the history of aerial combat. ... Hermann Balck (December 7, 1893 - November 29, 1982) was a German commander during World War II. He served as a company grade officer in World War I. At the outbreak of war in 1939 Balck was in the General Staff of the Army and was transferred to the command of... Hasso-Eccard Freiherr von Manteuffel (January 14, 1897 — September 24, 1978) was a German General during World War II. He was a tank commander noted for his tactical skill and was one of only 27 holders of the Knights Cross with Oakleaves, Swords, and Diamonds. ... Dr. Karl Mauss (May 17, 1898 - February 9, 1959) was one of the most distinguished tank commanders of the Wehrmacht during World War II. He was a lieutenant general and commander of The 7th Panzer Division, and one of only 31 ever to receive the Knights Cross with Oakleaves... Dietrich von Saucken (1892–1990) was a General in the German Army (Wehrmacht) during World War II. He was born in East Prussia in 1892 and personified all the aristocratic Prussian militarists who despised the braune Bande of Nazis. ...


 
 

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