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Encyclopedia > Ferdinand III of Castile
United arms of Castile and León which Ferdinand first used.

Ferdinand III (30 July or 5 August 119930 May 1252), called the Saint, was the King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from 1230. Through his second marriage he was also Count of Aumale. He finished the work done by his maternal grandfather Alfonso VIII and consolidated the Reconquista. In 1231, he permanently united Castile and León. He was canonised in 1671 and, in Spanish, he is Fernando el Santo or San Fernando. Image File history File links Blason_Castille_Léon. ... Image File history File links Blason_Castille_Léon. ... Events John Lackland, becomes King of England Births Isobel of Huntingdon (d. ... May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... This is a list of kings and queens of Castile. ... April 9 - Peter of Courtenay crowned emperor of the Latin Empire of Constantinople at Rome, by Pope Honorius III May 20 - First Barons War, royalist victory at Lincoln. ... In the reign of Ordoño I of Asturias (850-866), the kingdom began to be known as that of León. ... Events Kingdom of Leon unites with the Kingdom of Castile. ... The County of Aumale, later elevated to a duchy, was a medieval fief in Normandy. ... Alfonso VIII, centre, and Queen Eleanor, left. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... // Events Ardengus becomes bishop of Florence. ... ...


Ferdinand was the son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. He was born at the monastery of Valparaíso (Peleas de Arriba, Zamora) in 1198 or 1199. His parents were divorced by order of Pope Innocent III in 1204. Berenguela took their children, including Ferdinand, to the court of her father. In 1217, her younger brother Henry I died and she succeeded him to the Castilian throne, but she immediately surrendered it to her son Ferdinand, for whom she initially acted as regent. When Alfonso died in 1230, Ferdinand also inherited León, though he had to fight for it with Alfonso's designated heirs, Sancha and Dulce, the daughters of his first wife. He thus became the first sovereign of both kingdoms since the death of Alfonso VII in 1157. Alfonso IX of León (August 15, 1171 â€“ September 23 or 24, 1230; ruled from 1188–1230), first cousin of Alfonso VIII of Castile, and numbered next to him as being a junior member of the family, is said by Ibn Khaldun to have been called the Baboso or Slobberer... Berenguela (or Berengaria) (1180 – November 8, 1246), was briefly queen of Castile and León. ... Zamora may refer to Ecuador Zamora, Ecuador Zamora-Chinchipe Province Mexico Zamora, Michoacán Gutiérrez Zamora, Veracruz Spain Zamora, Spain Zamora (province) United States Zamora, California Venezuela Zamora Municipality, Aragua Zamora Municipality, Miranda Bobby Zamora, English footballer Ezequiel Zamora, 19th-century Venezuelan military commander Jesús Jiménez Zamora... Pope Innocent III (c. ... // Events February - Byzantine emperor Alexius IV is overthrown in a revolution, and Alexius V is proclaimed emperor. ... April 9 - Peter of Courtenay crowned emperor of the Latin Empire of Constantinople at Rome, by Pope Honorius III May 20 - First Barons War, royalist victory at Lincoln. ... Henry I of Castile, king of Castile and Leon, son of Alfonso VIII of Castile, and his wife Eleonor Plantegenet, (daughter of Henry II of England and Eleonor of Aquitaine), was born in 1204. ... Alfonso VII. Alfonso VII (1 March 1105 – 21 August 1157), called the Emperor, became the King of Galicia in 1111 and King of León and Castile in 1126. ... Events Births September 8 - King Richard I of England (died 1199) Leopold V of Austria (died 1194) Hojo Masako, wife of Minamoto no Yoritomo (died 1225) Deaths August 21 - King Alfonso VII of Castile (born 1105) Agnes of Babenberg, daughter of Leopold III of Austria Sweyn III of Denmark Yury...


Early in his reign, Ferdinand had to deal with a rebellion of the House of Lara. He also established a permanent border with the Kingdom of Aragon by the Treaty of Almizra (1244). Capital Zaragoza Area  – Total  – % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 11th  1 217 514  2,9%  25,51/km² Demonym  – English  – Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166... The Treaty of Almizra or Almiçra was the third of a series of three treaties between the Crowns of Aragon and Castile meant to determine the limits of their expansion into Andalusia so as to prevent squabbling between the Christian princes. ... This article is about the year 1244. ...


Ferdinand spent much of his reign fighting the Moors. Through diplomacy and war, exploiting the internal dissensions in the Moorish kingdoms, he triumphed in expanding Castilian power over southern Spain. He captured the towns of Úbeda in 1233, Córdoba in 1236, Jaén in 1246, and Seville in 1248, and occupied Murcia in 1243, thereby reconquering all Andalusia save Granada, whose king nevertheless did homage to Ferdinand. Ferdinand divided the conquered territories between the military orders, the Church, and the nobility, whom he enfeoffed with great latifundias. When he took Córdoba, he ordered the Liber Iudiciorum to be adopted and observed by its citizens, and caused it to be rendered, albeit inaccurately, into Castilian. The Moors were the medieval Muslim inhabitants of the western Mediterranean and western Sahara, including: al-Maghrib (the coastal and mountain lands of present day Morocco and Algeria, and Tunisia although Tunisia often is separately called Ifriqiya after the former Roman province of Africa); al-Andalus (the former Islamic sovereign... Úbeda (IPA: ) is a town in the province of Jaén in Spains autonomous community of Andalusia. ... // Events Fortress of Kalan built. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Córdoba (Spanish) Spanish name Córdoba Founded 8th century BC Postal code 140xx Website http://www. ... // Events May 6 - Roger of Wendover, Benedictine monk and chronicler of St Albanss Abbey dies. ... Jaén may refer to: Jaén, Spain Jaén Province, Spain Jaén, Peru Jaén Province, Peru This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Saga, emperor of Japan. ... NO8DO (I was not abandoned) Location Coordinates : ( ) Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Sevilla (Spanish) Spanish name Sevilla Founded 8th-9th century BC Postal code 41001-41080 Website http://www. ... For broader historical context, see 1240s and 13th century. ... For the Roman goddess, see Venus. ... // Events Innocent IV was elected pope. ... Motto: Andalucía por sí, para España y la humanidad (Andalusia by herself, for Spain, and for humankind) Capital Seville Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 2nd  87,268 km²  17. ... Coordinates: Country Spain Autonomous community Andalusia Settled since 7th century BC Area  - City 88 km²  (34 sq mi) Elevation 738 m (2,421. ... Christian military orders appeared following the First Crusade. ... Latifundia are pieces of landed property covering tremendous areas. ... The cover of an edition of the Liber Judiciorum from 1600. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ...


The capture of Córdoba was the result of an uneven and uncoordinated process whereby parts (the Ajarquía) of the city first fell to the independent almogavars of the Sierra Madre to the north, which Ferdinand had not at the time subjugated.[1] Only in 1236 did Ferdinand arrive with a royal army to take Medina, the religious and administrative centre of the city.[2] Ferdinand set up a council of partidores to divide the conquests and between 1237 and 1244 a great deal of land was parcelled out to private individuals and members of the royal family as well as the Church.[3] On 10 March 1241, Ferdinand established seven outposts to define the boundary of the province of Córdoba. The Almogavars (Aragonese: Almogabars, Catalan: Almogàvers, Spanish: Almogávares, from Arabic: Al-Mugavari) were a class of Aragonese and Catalan soldiers, well-known during the Christian reconquista (reconquest) of the Iberian peninsula. ... This is a list of mountain ranges organized alphabetically by continent. ... // Events Thomas II of Savoy becomes count of Flanders. ... This article is about the year 1244. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (70th in leap years). ... Events April 5 - Mongols of Golden Horde under the command of Subotai defeat feudal Polish nobility, including Knights Templar, in the battle of Liegnitz April 27 - Mongols defeat Bela IV of Hungary in the battle of Sajo. ...


On the domestic front, he strengthened the University of Salamanca and founded the current Cathedral of Burgos. He was a patron of the newest movement in the church: that of friars. Whereas the Benedictines and then the Cistercians and Cluniacs had taken a major part in the Reconquista up til then, Ferdinand founded Dominican, Franciscan, Trinitarian, and Mercedarian houses in Andalusia, thus determining the religious future of that region. Ferdinand has also been credited with sustaining the convivencia in Andalusia.[4] The University of Salamanca (Spanish Universidad de Salamanca), located in the town of Salamanca, west-northwest of Madrid, is the second oldest university in Spain (the first one is the university of Palencia, now disappeared), and one of the oldest in Europe. ... Burgos Cathedral The Burgos Cathedral is a Gothic cathedral. ... A friar is a member of a religious mendicant order of men. ... Munichs city symbol celebrates its founding by Benedictine monks—the origin of its name A Benedictine is a person who follows the Rule of St Benedict. ... The Order of Cistercians (OCist) (Latin Cistercenses), otherwise Gimey or White Monks (from the colour of the habit, over which is worn a black scapular or apron) are a Catholic order of monks. ... Cluny nowadays The town of Cluny or Clugny lies in the modern-day département of Saône-et-Loire in the région of France, near Mâcon. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... The Trinitarians are an order of monks founded at Rome in 1198 by St. ... Our Lady of Mercy - From the Generalate of the Mercedarian Order The Order of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mercy (or the Order of Merced or Mercedarians or the Order of Captives) is a Religious Order established in 1218 by Peter Nolasco in Barcelona, Spain for the redemption of Christian... La Convivencia (the Coexistence) is a term used to describe the situation in Spanish history from about 711 to 1492 â€“ concurrent with the Reconquista (Reconquest) â€“ when Jews, Muslims, and Catholics in Spain lived in relative peace together within the different kingdoms (during the same time, however, the Christian push to...


The Primera Crónica General de España asserts that, on his death bed, Ferdinand commended his son "you are rich in lands and in many good vassals — more so than any other king in Christendom," probably in recognition of his expansive conquests.[5] He was buried within the Great Mosque of Seville by his son Alfonso X. His tomb is inscribed with four languages: Arabic, Hebrew, Latin, and an early incarnation of Castilian.[6] Ferdinand was canonised by Pope Clement X in 1671. Several places named San Fernando were founded across the Spanish Empire. The Cathedral of Seville, formally Catedral de Santa María de la Sede (Cathedral of Saint Mary of the See) was begun in 1402, with construction continuing into the 16th century. ... Alfonso X, El Sabio, or the Learned, (November 23, 1221 - April 4, 1284) was a king of Castile and León (1252 - 1284). ... Pope Clement X (July 13, 1590 – July 22, 1676), born Emilio Bonaventura Altieri, was Pope from April 29, 1670 to July 22, 1676. ... Events May 9 - Thomas Blood, disguised as a clergyman, attempts to steal the Crown Jewels from the Tower of London. ... San Fernando (Spanish for Saint Ferdinand) may refer to: Argentina San Fernando, Buenos Aires, city of the Greater Buenos Aires. ... Military flag of the Spanish Empire from the 16th century up to 1843. ...


Marriages and family

Monument to Ferdinand III of Castile, patron saint of San Fernando de Apure, Venezuela

In 1219, Ferdinand married Elisabeth of Hohenstaufen (1203–1235), daughter of the German king Philip of Swabia and Irene Angelina. Elisabeth was called Beatriz in Spain. Their children were: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... San Fernando de Apure is a city in Apure State, Venezuela. ... // Events Saint Francis of Assisi introduces Catholicism into Egypt, during the Fifth Crusade The Flag of Denmark fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse Ongoing events Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Births Christopher I of Denmark (died 1259) Frederick II of Austria (died 1246) Guillaume de Gisors, supposedly the... Elisabeth of Hohenstaufen (called Beatriz de Suabia in Spanish) (1203 - Toro, 1235), Queen of Castile 1219–1235, Queen of Leon 1230–1235. ... The following list of German Kings and Emperors is one of several Wikipedia lists of incumbents. ... Philip of Swabia depicted in a medieval manuscript (about 1200) Philip of Swabia (1177-1208), German king and duke of Swabia, the rival of the emperor Otto IV, was the fifth and youngest son of the emperor Frederick I and Beatrix, daughter of Renaud III, count of Burgundy, and consequently... Irene Angelina (1177/1181 - 1208) was the daughter of the Byzantine emperor Isaac II Angelos by his first wife Herina. ...

  1. Alfonso X, his successor
  2. Fadrique
  3. Ferdinand (1225–1243/1248)
  4. Eleanor (born 1227), died young
  5. Berenguela (1228–1288/89), a nun at Las Huelgas
  6. Henry
  7. Philip (1231–1274). He was promised to the Church, but was so taken by the beauty of Christine, daughter of Haakon IV of Norway, who had been intended as a bride for one of his brothers, that he abandoned his holy vows and married her. She died in 1262, childless.
  8. Sancho, Archbishop of Toledo and Seville (1233–1261)
  9. Juan Manuel, Lord of Villena
  10. Maria, died an infant in November 1235

After he widowed, he married Jeanne of Dammartin, Countess of Ponthieu, before August 1237. They had four sons and one daughter: Alfonso X and his court. ... Fadrique (Frederick), Infante of Castile (1223–1277), was a younger son of St. ... Las Huelgas is a monastery that lies approximately 1. ... Enrique (Henry), Infante of Castile, called El Senador (March 1230-August 1304) was a younger son of St. ... An illustration of Hákon, King of Norway, and his son Magnus, from Flateyjarbók Håkon IV (1204 – December 16, 1263), (Norwegian Håkon Håkonsson, Old Norse Hákon Hákonarson) also called Haakon the Old. ... Juan Manuel (Carrion, 1234 - Peñafiel, December 25, 1283, sometimes called only Manuel) was the son of Ferdinand III of Castile and his wife Elizabeth of Swabia (also called Elizabeth of Hohenstaufen). ... Jeanne of Dammartin or Joan of Dammartin (b. ... The County of Ponthieu was a province of Normandy centered on the mouth of the Somme, and its counts played an important role in the early history of Normandy. ... // Events Thomas II of Savoy becomes count of Flanders. ...

  1. Ferdinand (1239–1269), Count of Aumale
  2. Eleanor, married Edward I of England
  3. Louis (1243–1269)
  4. Jimeno (1244), died young and buried in a monastery in Toledo
  5. John (1245), died young and buried at the cathedral in Córdoba

The County of Aumale, later elevated to a duchy, was a medieval fief in Normandy. ... For others known sometimes by same name, see Leonora of Castile For other Eleanors of England, see Eleanor of England (disambiguation) Eleanor of Castile (1241 – 28 November 1290) was the first Queen consort of Edward I of England. ... Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), popularly known as Longshanks[1], also as Edward the Lawgiver because of his legal reforms, and as Hammer of the Scots,[2] achieved fame as the monarch who conquered Wales and who tried to do the same to Scotland. ... This article is about the city in Spain. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Córdoba (Spanish) Spanish name Córdoba Founded 8th century BC Postal code 140xx Website http://www. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Edwards, 6.
  2. ^ Ibid.
  3. ^ Ibid, 7.
  4. ^ Ibid, 182.
  5. ^ Ibid, 1.
  6. ^ Menocal, 47.

References

Preceded by
Henry I
King of Castile
1217 – 1252
Succeeded by
Alfonso X
Preceded by
Alfonso IX
King of León
1230 – 1252

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ferdinand III of Castile Biography (176 words)
Ferdinand III the Saint (1198/1199 - May 30 1252) was a king of Castile (1217 - 1252) and Leon (1230 - 1252).
In 1219 Ferdinand married the daughter of the German king Philip of Swabia Elizabeth by whom he had seven sons (Alfonso Frederick Ferdinand Phillip Henry Sancho and Manuel) and three daughters (Eleonor Berenguela and Mary).
Ferdinand was canonized by Pope Clement X in 1671.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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