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Encyclopedia > Ferdinand I of Leon

Ferdinand I of Castile, known as El Magno or "the Great," (d. 1065), was King of Castille and King of Léon from 1035 to 1065. A former kingdom of Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ... Events December 28 - Westminster Abbey is consecrated. ... This is a list of kings and queens of Castile. ... The city of León was founded by the Roman Seventh Legion (for unknown reasons always written as Legio Septima Gemina, or twin seventh legion). It was the headquarters of that legion in the late empire and was a center for trade in gold which was mined at Las Médulas nearby. ...


Life

Ferdinand was the eldest son of Sancho III of Navarre. He was barely in his teens when he was put in possession of Castile in 1028 with his father's backing, on the murder of the last Count, as the heir of his mother Munia , daughter of a previous count of Castile and sister of the deceased count. The count, Don García, was about to be married to Doña Sancha, sister of Bermudo, king of León, but was assassinated as he was entering the church of St.John Baptist in León by a party of Castilian nobles, exiles from their own land, who had taken refuge in Leon. Sancho III The Great of Navarre (c. ... Events November 12 - Dying Emperor Constantine VIII of the Byzantine Empire marries his daughter Zoe of Byzantium to his chosen heir Romanus Argyrus. ... The city of León was founded by the Roman Seventh Legion (for unknown reasons always written as Legio Septima Gemina, or twin seventh legion). It was the headquarters of that legion in the late empire and was a center for trade in gold which was mined at Las Médulas nearby. ...


Ferdinand now married Sancha of Leon instead. He reigned in Castile with the title of king from 1033. His father king Sancho died in 1036, and Ferdinand became the "high king" of the dynasty. In 1038, when his brother-in-law Bermudo was killed in battle with Ferdinand at Tamaron, Ferdinand took possession of León as well, by right of his wife who was the heiress presumptive of Bermudo. He overran the Moorish section of Galicia, and set up his vassal as count in what is now northern Portugal. With northern Spain consolidated, Ferdinand, in 1056, proclaimed himself emperor of Hispania. The use of the title was resented by the emperor Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor supported by Pope Victor II in 1055, as implying a claim to the headship of Christendom, and as a usurpation on the Holy Roman Empire. It did not, however, mean more than that the sovereign of León was the chief of the princes of the peninsula, and that Spain was independent of the Empire. Ferdinand's brothers Garcia V of Navarre and Ramiro I of Aragon opposed his power, but were killed in ensuing battles. Events Independent declaration of Western Xia. ... Motto: Capital Santiago de Compostela Official languages Galician and Castilian Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 7th  29 574 km²  5,8% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 5th  2 737 370  6,5%  92,36/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Galician  â€“ Spanish  â€“ Portuguese  Galician  galego  gallego  galego Statute of Autonomy April... Henry II of Germany (972 - 13 July 1024), was the fifth and last Holy Roman Emperor of the Saxon or Ottonian dynasty. ... Victor II, né Gebhard, Count of Calw, Tollenstein and Hirschnerg ( 1018 - Arezzo July 28, 1057), pope (1055-1057), kinsman of Emperor Henry III One of the series of German popes during Hildebrands reform movement, he was consecrated in St. ... Events January 11 - Theodora becomes Reigning Empress of the Eastern Roman Empire. ... This page is about the Germanic empire. ... Ramiro I of Aragon (died 1063), king of Aragon 1035-1063, was the first king of Aragon proper. ...


Although Ferdinand had grown in higher power by this strife with Bermudo of León, and though at a later date he defeated and killed his brother García of Najera, he ranks high among the kings of Spain who have been counted religious, as religion often subconsciously favors violence. To a large extent he may have owed this reputation to the military victories over the Moors, in which he initiated the period of the Christian reconquest of the peninsula. Moors is used in this article to describe the medieval Muslim inhabitants of al-Andalus (the Iberian Peninsula including the present day Spain and Portugal) and the Maghreb, whose culture is often called Moorish. Juba II king of Mauretania Origins of the name The name derives from the ancient Berber... For other uses, see Reconquista (Disambiguation). ...


Santa Justa

Ferdinand was probably a pious man. Towards the close of his reign he sent a special embassy to Seville to bring back the body of Santa Justa. The then king of Seville, Motadhid, one of the local princes who had divided the caliphate of Cordova, was himself a sceptic and poisoner, but he stood in wholesome awe of the power of the Christian king. He favoured the embassy in every way, and when the body of Santa Justa could not be found, helped the envoys, who were also aided by a vision seen by one of them in a dream, to discover the body of Isidore of Seville instead. The Doctor's body was reverently carried away to León, where the church of San Juan Bautista (St.John Baptist) was reconsecrated to receive the relics. Santa Justa lift, a lift in Lisbon at Santa Justa Street, built by engineer Raul Mesnier de Ponsard in 1900 and finished in 1902, its 45 meters high, has two booths allowing 24 people each, and was built so people could go from Lisbon downtown Santa Justa Street to... The Giralda Tower Seville (Spanish: Sevilla, see also alternative names) is the artistic, cultural, and financial capital of southern Spain, crossed by the river Guadalquivir (37° 22′ 38″ N 5° 59′ 13″ W). ... Cordova is the name of some places in the United States of America: Cordova, Alaska Cordova, South Carolina Cordova, Tennessee Cordova, Alabama Cordova, Illinois The name Cordova has also been used as an English name for Córdoba, Spain. ... Saint Isidore of Seville (560 - April 4, 636) was Archbishop of Seville for more than three decades and has the reputation of being one of the great scholars of the early middle ages. ...


Death

Ferdinand died on the feast of Saint John the Evangelist, June 24, 1065, in León, with many manifestations of ardent piety, having laid aside his crown and royal mantle, dressed in the robe of a monk and lying on a bier covered with ashes, which was placed before the altar of the church of Saint Isidore. Categories: Saints | Ancient Roman Christianity | Christianity-related stubs ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... Events December 28 - Westminster Abbey is consecrated. ...


At his death, Ferdinand divided up his kingdom between his 3 sons, Sancho, Alfonso, and Garcia, and his two daughters, Elvira and Urraca. By giving them his dominion, he wanted them to abide by the split in the kingdom and respect his wishes. However, Sancho (born 1030), being the oldest, believed that he deserved more of the kingdom, and therefore sought to gain possession of the divided parts of the kingdom that had been given to his brothers and sisters. Elvira of Castille (born 1038) married Garcia II Aza, the son of Garcia Fernandez Aza 3rd Lord. Events Battle of Stiklestad ensures the Christianization of Norway. ... Events Independent declaration of Western Xia. ... The American Zoo and Aquarium Association, or AZA is a people-based association dedicated to raising awareness of oceans, zoos and aquariums. ...

Preceded by:
Sancho I
King of Castile Succeeded by:
Sancho II
Bermudo III King of Leon Alfonso VI

This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. Sancho III The Great of Navarre (c. ... This is a list of kings and queens of Castile. ... This is a list of kings and queens of Castile. ... Alfonso VI (before June 1040 - July 1, 1109), nicknamed the Brave, was king of León from 1065 to 1109 and king of Castile since 1072 after his brothers death. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ferdinand (241 words)
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Ferdinand I of León - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (512 words)
Ferdinand I, called the Great (in his time, El Magno) (1017–León, 1065), was the king of Castile from his father's death in 1035 and the king of León—through his wife—after defeating his father-in-law in 1037 until his death in 1065.
Ferdinand was the second eldest legitimate son of Sancho III of Navarre.
The use of the title was resented by the Emperor Henry III and Pope Victor II in 1055 as implying a claim to the headship of Christendom and as a usurpation of the Roman Empire.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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