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Encyclopedia > Ferdinand I of Castile

Ferdinand I of Castile, El Magno or "the Great," (d. 1065), son of Sancho III of Navarre, was put in possession of Castile in 1028 with his father's backing, on the murder of the last Count, as the heir of his mother Elvira, daughter of a previous count of Castile. The count, Don García, was about to be married to Doña Sancha, sister and presumed heiress of Bermudo, king of León, but was assassinated as he was entering the church of San Juan Bautista in León by a party of Castilian nobles, exiles from their own country, who had taken refuge in Leon. A former kingdom of Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ... Events December 28 - Westminster Abbey is consecrated. ... Sancho III of Navarre (c. ... Events November 12 - Dying Emperor Constantine VIII of the Byzantine Empire marries his daughter Zoe of Byzantium to his chosen heir Romanus Argyrus. ... The city of León was founded by the Roman Seventh Legion (for unknown reasons always written as Legio Septima Gemina, or twin seventh legion). It was the headquarters of that legion in the late empire and was a center for trade in gold which was mined at Las Médulas nearby. ...


Ferdinand now married Sancha instead. He reigned in Castile with the title of king from 1033. In 1038, when his father-in-law Bermudo was killed in battle with Ferdinand at Tamaron, Ferdinand took possession of León as well, by right of his wife. He overran the Moorish section of Galicia, and set up his vassal as count in what is now northern Portugal. With northern Spain consolidated, Ferdinand, in 1056, proclaimed himself emperor of Hispania. The use of the title was resented by the emperor Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor supported by Pope Victor II in 1055, as implying a claim to the headship of Christendom, and as a usurpation on the Holy Roman Empire. It did not, however, mean more than that the sovereign of León was the chief of the princes of the peninsula, and that Spain was independent of the Empire. Events Births Deaths Aethelnoth, Archbishop of Canterbury Alhazen, Arabian mathematician August 15 - Hungary Categories: 1038 ... Motto: Galiza Ceibe Capital Santiago de Compostela Official languages Galician and Castilian Area  – Total  – % of Spain Ranked 7th  29 574 km²  5,8% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 5th  2 737 370  6,5%  92,36/km² Demonym  – English  – Galician  – Spanish  Galician  galego  gallego Statute of Autonomy April... Henry II of Germany (972 - 13 July 1024), was the fifth and last Holy Roman Emperor of the Saxon or Ottonian dynasty. ... Victor II, né Gebhard, Count of Calw, Tollenstein and Hirschnerg ( 1018 - Arezzo July 28, 1057), pope (1055-1057), kinsman of Emperor Henry III One of the series of German popes during Hildebrands reform movement, he was consecrated in St. ... Events January 11 - Theodora becomes Reigning Empress of the Eastern Roman Empire. ... The Holy Roman Empire ( German: Heiliges Römisches Reich) ( Italian: Sacro Romano Impero) ( Latin: Sacrum Romanum Imperium) ( Czech: Svatá říše římská) ( French: Saint Empire Romain Germanique) ( Polish: Święte Cesarstwo Rzymskie Narodu Niemieckiego) ( Dutch: Heilige Roomse Rijk) was a political conglomeration of lands in Central Europe in the Middle Ages and the...


Fedinand I and Sancha had two children: Sancho II Castile b. 1030 and Elviva Castile b. 1038. Elvia married Garcia Garcia II Aza. Garcia II Aza was the son of Garcia Fernandez Aza 3rd Sire. The American Zoo and Aquarium Association, or AZA is a people-based association dedicated to raising awareness of oceans, zoos and aquariums. ...


Although Ferdinand had grown in power by this strife with Bermudo of León, and though at a later date he defeated and killed his brother García of Navarre, he ranks high among the kings of Spain who have been counted religious. To a large extent he may have owed this reputation to the military victories over the Moors, in which he initiated the period of the Christian reconquest of the peninsula. For the terrain type see Moor Moors is used in this article to describe the medieval Muslim inhabitants of al-Andalus and the Maghreb, whose culture is often called Moorish. For other meanings look at Moors (Meaning) or Blackamoors. ... For other uses, see Reconquista (Disambiguation). ...


But there can be no doubt that Ferdinand was profoundly pious. Towards the close of his reign he sent a special embassy to Seville to bring back the body of Santa Justa. The then king of Seville, Motadhid, one of the local princes who had divided the caliphate of Cordova, was himself a sceptic and poisoner, but he stood in wholesome awe of the power of the Christian king. He favoured the embassy in every way, and when the body of Santa Justa could not be found, helped the envoys, who were also aided by a vision seen by one of them in a dream, to discover the body of Isidore of Seville instead. The Doctor's body was reverently carried away to León, where the church of San Juan Bautista was reconsecrated to receive the relics. This article is about the city in Spain. ... See Córdoba for other places with the same name. ... This article or section should include material from Isidro Saint Isidore of Seville (560 - April 4, 636) was Archbishop of Seville for more than three decades and has the reputation of being one of the great scholars of the early middle ages. ...


Ferdinand died on the feast of Saint John the Evangelist, June 24, 1065, in León, with many manifestations of ardent piety, having laid aside his crown and royal mantle, dressed in the robe of a monk and lying on a bier covered with ashes, which was placed before the altar of the church of Saint Isidore. Categories: Saints | Ancient Roman Christianity | Christianity-related stubs ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... Events December 28 - Westminster Abbey is consecrated. ...

Preceded by:
Sancho I
King of Castile Succeeded by:
Sancho II
Bermudo III King of Leon Alfonso VI

This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. Sancho III of Navarre (c. ... This is a list of kings and queens of Castile. ... This is a list of kings and queens of Castile. ... Alfonso VI (before June 1040 - July 1, 1109), nicknamed the Brave, was king of León from 1065 to 1109 and king of Castile since 1072 after his brothers death. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica ( 1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ferdinand II of Aragon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (744 words)
Ferdinand, the son of John II of Aragon by his second wife, the Aragonese noblewoman Juana Enriquez, was made King of Sicily by his father in 1468 in preparation for his marriage to Infanta Isabella, the half-sister and heiress of Henry IV of Castile.
Ferdinand allied with various Italian princes and with Emperor Maximilian I, to expel the French by 1496 and install Alfonso's son, Ferdinand, on the Neapolitan throne.
Ferdinand attempted to retain the regency permanently, but was rebuffed by the Castilian nobility and replaced with Joanna's husband, who became Philip I of Castile.
Castile (547 words)
Alfonso VII of Castile Alfonso VII of Castile (Burgundy.
Ferdinand III of Castile Ferdinand III, the Saint, (Alfonso VIII.
Sancha of Castile Infanta Sancha of Alfonso VII of Castile.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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