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Encyclopedia > Feodosiya

Coordinates: 45°2′56″N, 35°22′45″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Feodosiya
Феодосія, Феодосия, Kefe
Region: Feodosiya municipality
Coordinates: 45°2′56″N, 35°22′45″E
Altitude: ~50 m
Population: 73,857 (2001)
Postal codes: 98100 — 98175
Phone prefix: +380-6562
Time zone: EET: UTC+2
Former names: Kefe (until 1784), Caffa (until 15th cent.)
Feodosiya (Crimea )
Feodosiya


Feodosiya (Ukrainian: Феодосія, Russian: Феодосия, Crimean Tatar: Kefe) is a port and resort city in Crimea, Ukraine, located on the Black Sea coast. The name is often spelled as Feodosia and sometimes as Theodosia (according to transliteration from Greek: Θεοδoσία). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Subnational entity is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy in a varying number of matters. ... Theodosia city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ), officially the territory governed by the Theodosia city council, is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum. ... Postal codes are generally clearly visible outside local Australian post offices. ... // Proposed Country Code: 3 In 1996, the European Commission proposed the introduction of a single telephone numbering plan, in which all European Union member states would use the code 3. Calls between member states would no longer require the use of the international access code 00. This proposal would have... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... . ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Crimean Tatar language (Qırımtatar tili, Qırımtatarca), also known as Crimean (Qırım tili, Qırımca) and Crimean Turkish (Qırım Türkçesi) is the language of the Crimean Tatars. ... Seaport, a painting by Claude Lorrain, 1638 The Port of Wellington at night. ... Resorts combine a hotel and a variety of recreations, such as swimming pools. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Location of Crimea (red) on the map of Ukraine. ... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ...

Contents

History

Theodosia and other Greek colonies along the north coast of the Black Sea in the 5th century BCE.
Theodosia and other Greek colonies along the north coast of the Black Sea in the 5th century BCE.

The city was founded under the name of Theodosia (Θεοδοσία) by Greek colonists from Miletos in the 6th century BC. (See also List of traditional Greek place names.) Noted for its rich agricultural lands, on which its trade depended, it was destroyed by the Huns in the 4th century AD. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1301x818, 324 KB) Map showing Ancient Greek colonies on the northern coast of the Black Sea. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1301x818, 324 KB) Map showing Ancient Greek colonies on the northern coast of the Black Sea. ... “Era Vulgaris” redirects here. ... In Greek mythology, Miletus was the founder of the city described below. ... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 6th century BC started on January 1, 600 BC and ended on December 31, 501 BC. // Monument 1, an Olmec colossal head at La Venta The 5th and 6th centuries BC were a time of empires, but more importantly, a time... This is a list of traditional Greek place names. ... For other uses, see Hun (disambiguation). ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. ...


Theodosia remained a minor village for much of the next nine hundred years. It was at various times part of the sphere of influence of the Khazars (excavations have revealed Khazar artifacts dating back to the ninth century) and of the Byzantine Empire. A sphere of influence (SOI) is an area or region over which an organization or state exerts some kind of indirect cultural, economic, military or political domination. ... The Khazars (Hebrew Kuzari כוזרי Kuzarim כוזרים; Turkish Hazar Hazarlar; Russian Хазарин Хазары; Tatar sing Xäzär Xäzärlär; Crimean Tatar: ; Greek Χαζάροι/Χάζαροι; Persianخزر khazar; Latin Gazari or Cosri) were a semi-nomadic Turkic people from Central Asia, many of whom converted to Judaism. ... It has been suggested that Eastern Roman Empire be merged into this article or section. ...


Like the rest of Crimea, it fell under the domination of the Kipchaks and was conquered by the Mongols in the 1230s. Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Location of Crimea (red) on the map of Ukraine. ... Map of Asia and Europe circa 1200 C.E. Kipchaks (also spelled as Kypchaks, Qipchaqs, Qypchaqs) (Crimean Tatar: , Karachay-Balkar: Къыпчакъ, Uzbek: , Kazakh: Қыпшақ, Kumyk: Къыпчакъ, Kyrgyz: Кыпчак, Nogai: Кыпчак, Chinese: 欽察/钦察, Qīnchá, Turkish: Kıpçak) were an ancient Turkic people, first mentioned in the historical chronicles of Central Asia in the 1st millennium... The name Mongols (Mongolian: Mongol) specifies one or several ethnic groups. ...


Caffa

In 1204 - 1261 and 1296 - 1307 Kaffa was temporarily under Genoa's rival doge state's -Venetian- rule.


In the late 13th century, traders from Genoa arrived and purchased the town from the ruling Golden Horde. They established a flourishing trading settlement called Caffa (or Kaffa), which virtually monopolised trade in the Black Sea area and served as the chief port and administrative centre for the Genoese settlements around the Sea. It came to house one of Europe's biggest slave markets. (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Genoa (Genova [] in Italian - Zena [] in Genoese) is a city and a seaport in northern Italy, the capital of the Province of Genoa and of the region of Liguria. ... The four successor Khanates of the Mongol Empire: Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty), Golden Horde, Il-Khanate and Chagatai Khanate The Golden Horde (Mongolian: Altan Ordyn Uls; Turkish: ; Tatar: ; Russian: ) was a Mongol[1][2][3][4] — later Turkicized[3] — khanate established in parts of present-day Russia... Wiktionary has related dictionary definitions, such as: slave Slave may refer to: Slavery, where people are owned by others, and live to serve their owners without pay Slave (BDSM), a form of sexual and consenual submission Slave clock, in technology, a clock or timer that synchrnonizes to a master clock...


Under Genoa since 1266, it was governed by a Genoese consul, who since 1316 was in charge of all of all Genoese Black Sea colonies For the uses of Consul as Chief Magistrate of a (city) state, see Consul. ...


It is believed that the devastating pandemic the Black Death entered Europe for the first time via Caffa in 1347, through the movements of the Golden Horde. After a protracted siege during which the Mongol army under Janibeg was reportedly withering from the disease, they catapulted the infected corpses over the city walls, infecting the inhabitants. The Genoese traders fled transferring the plague via their ships into the south of Europe, from whence it rapidly spread. A pandemic (from Greek παν pan all + δήμος demos people) is an epidemic (an outbreak of an infectious disease) that spreads across a large region (example a continent), or even worldwide. ... It has been suggested that Plague doctor be merged into this article or section. ... Little is known about Janibeg other than that he was a Mongol commander of a massive Crimean Tatar force that attacked the Crimean port city of Kaffa in 1343. ...


Kefe

Because the Genoese started intervening in the internal affairs of the Crimean Khanate, a Turkish vassal, the Ottoman commander Gedik Ahmet Pasha seized the city in 1475. Renamed Kefe, it became one of the most important Turkish ports on the Black Sea. Flag Crimean Khanate in 1600 Capital Bakhchisaray Government Monarchy History  - Established 1441  - Annexed to Russia 1783 The Crimean Khanate or the Khanate of Crimea (Crimean Tatar: ; Russian: - Krymskoye khanstvo; Ukrainian: - Krymske khanstvo; Turkish: ) was a Crimean Tatar state from 1441 to 1783. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–22 Mehmed VI... Gedik Ahmet Pasha was a successful Ottoman army commander, admiral and state man during the reign of Ottoman Sultans Mehmed the Conqueror (March 30, 1432 – May 3, 1481) and Beyazid II (1447-1512). ... 5<sup>Superscript text</sup>7<!-- Comment --><blockquote> Block quote </blockquote>{| class=class=wikitable |- ! header 1 ! header 2 ! header 3 |-{| class=wikitable |- ! header 1 ! header 2 ! header 3{| class=wikitable |- ! header 1 ! header 2 ! header 3 |- | row 1, cell 1 | row 1, cell 2 | row 1, cell 3 |- | row 2...


Later

Ottoman control ceased when the expanding Russian Empire conquered the whole Crimea in 1783. It was renamed Feodosiya (Феодосия) in 1802, a Russian version of the ancient Greek name. Anthem God Save the Tsar! The Russian Empire in 1914 Capital Moscow Language(s) Russian Religion Russian Orthodoxy Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1721–1725 Peter the Great  - 1894–1917 Nicholas II History  - Accession of Peter I May 7, 1682 NS, April 27, 1682 OS²  - Empire proclaimed October 22, 1721 NS, October... 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... --69. ...


The city was captured twice by the forces of Nazi Germany during World War II, sustaining significant damage in the process. Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933&#8211;1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

Genoese fortress of Caffa
Genoese fortress of Caffa

In 1954, it was transferred to the administrative control of the Ukrainian SSR with the rest of Crimea. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 449 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (479 × 640 pixel, file size: 62 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Genoese fortress in Theodosia, Crimea. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 449 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (479 × 640 pixel, file size: 62 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Genoese fortress in Theodosia, Crimea. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... State motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! Official language None. ...


The city today

Modern Feodosiya is a popular resort city with a population of about 85,000 people. It has beaches, mineral springs, and mud baths, and is renowned for its many sanatoria and rest homes. Apart from tourism, its economy rests on agriculture and fisheries, with local industries including fishing, brewing and canning. As is the case in much of the rest of the Crimea, most of its population is ethnically Russian and the Ukrainian language is relatively little used there. In June 2006, Feodosiya made the news in connection with the Crimean anti-NATO protests of 2006. Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering. ... A 16th century brewer A 21st century brewer This article concerns the production of alcoholic beverages. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ukrainian (украї́нська мо́ва, ukrayinska mova, ) is a language of the East Slavic subgroup of the Slavic languages. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...


Miscellanea

Feodosiya is known as the city where the seascape painter Ivan Aivazovsky lived and worked all his life. Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky (Russian: , Armenian: - Hovhannes Aivazovsky July 29, 1817 - May 5, 1900) was a Russian painter of Armenian descent, most famous for his seascapes, which constitute more than half of his paintings. ...


It is also the town where the general Pyotr Kotlyarevsky and the writer Alexander Grin spent the declining years of their lives. Pyotr Stepanovich Kotlyarevsky (1782-1852) was a Ukrainian military hero in the Russian imperial service. ... Alexander Grin Alexander Grin (Russian: , born August 23, 1880, died July 7, 1932) was a Russian writer, notable for his romantic novels and short stories, mostly set in an unnamed fantasy land with a European or Latin American flavor (Grins fans often refer to this land as Grinlandia). ...


The town is well known as a birth place of the Russian Aviation, mountain "planernaya" is still being used for para-gliding.


Since 2005 it is the only city in Ukraine to produce Belamorkanal papirosi after the kiev factory closed down.


Sources and references

(incomplete)

  • WorldStatesmen- Ukraine
  • Ancient Theodosia and its Coinage
  • Guide to Feodosia and surrounding places of interest


Administrative divisions of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukraine Flag of Ukraine

Raions: Bakhchisaray raionBilohirsk raionChornomorske raionDzhankoy raionKirovske raion • Krasnohvardiyske raion • Krasnoperekopsk raion • Lenine raion • Nizhnyohirskyi raion • Pervomayske raion • Rozdolne raion • Saky raion • Simferopol raion • Sovetskyi raion Image File history File links Crimea_Emblem. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Location of Crimea (red) on the map of Ukraine. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Location of Crimea (red) on the map of Ukraine. ... Bakhchisaray raion (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Bilohirsk raion (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Chernomorsk raion (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Dzhankoy raion (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Kirovske raion (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ...

City Municipalities: Alushta municipalityArmyansk municipalityDzhankoy municipalityEupatoria municipalityFeodosiya municipalityKerch municipalityKrasnoperekopsk municipalitySaky municipalitySimferopol municipalitySudak municipalityYalta municipality Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Location of Crimea (red) on the map of Ukraine. ... Alushta city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ), officially the territory governed by the Alushta city council, also known as Greater Alushta is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Armyansk city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Dzhankoy (Ukrainian and Russian: Джанкой, Crimean Tatar: Canköy) is a city in the north of the Crimea, Ukraine. ... Eupatoria city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) officially the territory governed by the Eupatoria city council is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Theodosia city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ), officially the territory governed by the Theodosia city council, is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Kerch (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: , Old East Slavic: Кърчевъ) is a city (2001 pop 157,000) on the Kerch Peninsula of eastern Crimea, is an important industrial, transport and tourist centre of Ukraine. ... Krasnoperekopsk (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: Krasnoperekopsk) is a city in Crimea, Ukraine which is located on the southern part of the Perekop Isthmus, on the shore of the Stare lake, and about 124km from the Crimean capital, Simferopol. ... Saky (Ukrainian: ) is a city in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukraine. ... Simferopol city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) officially the territory governed by the Simferopol city council is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Sudak city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ), officially the territory governed by the Sudak city council is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ... Yalta city municipality (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ), officially the territory governed by the Yalta city council, also known as Greater Yalta is one of the 25 regions of Crimea. ...

Cities and towns: AlupkaAlushtaArmyanskBakhchisarayBilohirsk • Chornomorske • GaspraGurzufDzhankoyEupatoriaFeodosiyaForosKerchKoktebelKoreiz • Kirovske • Krasnohvardiyske • KrasnoperekopskLenineLivadiyaMassandra • Nizhnyohirskyi • NikitaNovyi SvetPartenit • Pervomayske • Perekop • Rozdolne • SakyShcholkineSimeizSimferopol • Sovetskyi • Staryi KrymSudakYalta Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Urban-type settlement (Russian: , posyolok gorodskogo tipa; Ukrainian: , selyshche miskoho typu; abbreviated as in Russian and as in Ukrainian) is an official designation for a certain type of urban settlements used in some of the countries of the former Soviet Union. ... Alupka (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a resort town in Crimea, Ukraine, situated 17 km to the west of Yalta. ... Alushta, called Aluston in the Byzantine Empire, is a resort town in the Crimea, situated on the Black Sea on the road from Gurzuf to Sudak. ... Armyansk (Ukrainian: Армянськ, Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a town in northern Crimea, Ukraine. ... Bakhchisaray (Crimean Tatar: Bağçasaray, Ukrainian: , Russian: ), a town in Central Crimea, centre of the Bakhchisaray raion (district), former capital of the Crimean Khanate. ... Belogorsk (Crimean Tatar: Qarasuvbazar, Ukrainian: , Russian: ) (both Russian and Ukrainian names mean white mountains), formerly Karasubazar, is a town of Ukraine, at the Crimea, in 45° 3 north and 340 26 east, 25 miles east-northeast of Simferopol. ... Gaspra (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a spa town in Crimea, Ukraine. ... Gurzuf (Russian:&#1043;&#1091;&#1088;&#1079;&#1091;&#769;&#1092;) is a settlement on the Crimea peninsula in Ukraine, on the northern coast of the Black Sea. ... Dzhankoy (Ukrainian and Russian: Джанкой, Crimean Tatar: Canköy) is a city in the north of the Crimea, Ukraine. ... Also Eupatoria or Evpatoria; town in the Crimea. ... Foros (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a resort town in Crimea, Ukraine. ... Kerch (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: , Old East Slavic: Кърчевъ) is a city (2001 pop 157,000) on the Kerch Peninsula of eastern Crimea, is an important industrial, transport and tourist centre of Ukraine. ... Koktebel, also known as Planerskoye, is one of the most popular resort townlets in the Crimea, situated on the shore of the Black Sea about halfway between Feodosiya and Sudak. ... Koreiz (Ukrainian: Кореїз, Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a townlet in the Yalta region of Crimea. ... Krasnoperekopsk (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: Krasnoperekopsk) is a city in Crimea, Ukraine which is located on the southern part of the Perekop Isthmus, on the shore of the Stare lake, and about 124km from the Crimean capital, Simferopol. ... Lenine or Lenino (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is an urban-type settlement in the eastern Crimea, in the southwestern part of the Kerch Peninsula. ... Livadiya is a resort located on the Black Sea near Yalta, Ukraine. ... Massandra (Ukrainian: Масандра, Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a townlet in the Yalta region of Crimea. ... Nikita (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: Nikita) is a townlet in Crimea, Ukraine. ... A Juniper forest in Noviy Svet Novyi Svet (Russian: ; Ukrainian: ; Crimean Tatar: Novıy Svet; literally: New World) is a resort town in Crimea, Ukraine, known for an eponymous sort of champagne produced there. ... Partenit (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a seaside city in the southern part of Crimea, Ukraine. ... Saky (Ukrainian: ) is a city in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukraine. ... Shcholkine (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ; Crimean Tatar: ), also commonly known as Shchelkino or Shchyolkino by its Russian name, is a town in the Lenine raion of Ukraines Autonomous Republic of Crimea. ... Simeiz (Симеиз) is a resort town in Crimea, Ukraine. ... Simferopol (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ; Crimean Tatar: , literally: The white mosque) is the capital of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in southern Ukraine. ... Staryi Krym (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a small historical town in the Eastern Crimea, approximately 25 km (15 mi. ... Sudak is city in the Crimea. ... Yalta (Ukrainian: , Russian: , Crimean Tatar: ) is a city in Crimea, southern Ukraine, on the north coast of the Black Sea. ...



  Results from FactBites:
 
Feodosiya (78 words)
Feodosiya is a city located in the Crimea, Ukraine, on the Black Sea.
Founded by Greeks, Feodosiya was a prosperous port until ruined by the Huns in the 4th century AD.
It revived under Genoese rule in the 13th century, but was taken by the Crimean Tatars in 1475.
Theodosia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (649 words)
The name is also often spelled as Feodosiya (according to Russian and Ukrainian pronunciation).
It was renamed Feodosiya (Феодосия) in 1802, a Slavic adaptation of the ancient Greek name.
The city was captured twice by the forces of Nazi Germany during World War II, sustaining significant damage in the process.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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