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Encyclopedia > Fender Jaguar
Fender Jaguar
Manufacturer Fender
Period 1962—1975; 1999—present
Construction
Body type Solid
Neck joint Bolt-on
Scale 24"
Woods
Body Alder (Basswood on earlier Japanese models, Alder again post mid 1995)
Neck Maple
Fretboard Rosewood (Maple on models produced in the mid 1970s)
Hardware
Bridge "Floating" Tremolo
Pickup(s) 2 Single-coil, specially designed
Colors available
(American Vintage Series, as of 2005) 3-Color Sunburst, Olympic White, Black, Ocean Turquoise, Fiesta Red, Surf Green, Ice Blue Metallic (other colors may be available)

The Fender Jaguar is an electric guitar that was introduced in 1962. It is difficult to ascertain whether the designers of the Jaguar had intended the instrument to be used for Surf music or if it was a further attempt to break into the Jazz guitar market (as was the case with its predecessor the Jazzmaster). However, the Jaguar quickly caught on in the emerging surf music scene, joining the Jazzmaster as the guitars most associated with the style. They both became popular again in the 1990s when they were used by a number of alternative rock bands. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Fender redirects here. ... Species About 20-30 species, see text. ... Basswood is the common name of timbers of Tilia species. ... For other uses, see Maple (disambiguation). ... Rosewood refers to a number of richly hued timbers, brownish with darker veining. ... For other uses, see Maple (disambiguation). ... A tremolo arm, tremolo bar, vibrato bar, whammy bar, or wang bar is a lever attached to the bridge and/or the tailpiece of an electric guitar or archtop guitar to enable the player to quickly vary the tension and sometimes the length of the strings temporarily, changing the pitch... Three magnetic pickups on an electric guitar. ... This image shows three single coil pickups on a Stratocaster guitar. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Two different electric guitars. ... Surf music is a genre of popular music associated with surf culture, particularly Orange County and other areas of Southern California. ... 1962 Fender Jazzmaster Sunburst The Fender Jazzmaster electric guitar was introduced in 1958 and was designed as a more upmarket instrument than the Fender Stratocaster, which itself was introduced in 1954 as a higher-priced product than the companys Telecaster series. ... Alternative music redirects here. ...

Contents

History

The Jaguar was based on the Jazzmaster, with the same, "offset waist" body and "floating tremolo" system. Unlike the Jazzmaster, the Jaguar was fitted with a shorter 24-inch scale, 22-fret neck (the first Fender guitar to have 22 frets) and featured smaller single-coil pickups with notched side plates that improved RF shielding, making the Jaguar less prone to interference than the more popular Stratocaster and Telecaster. 1962 Fender Jazzmaster Sunburst The Fender Jazzmaster electric guitar was introduced in 1958 and was designed as a more upmarket instrument than the Fender Stratocaster, which itself was introduced in 1954 as a higher-priced product than the companys Telecaster series. ... A tremolo arm, tremolo bar, vibrato bar, whammy bar, or wang bar is a lever attached to the bridge and/or the tailpiece of an electric guitar or archtop guitar to enable the player to quickly vary the tension and sometimes the length of the strings temporarily, changing the pitch... This image shows three single coil pickups on a Stratocaster guitar. ... RF shielding is the protection of sensitive electrical equipment from external radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic radiation by enclosing it in a conducting material. ... A Fender Stratocaster with rosewood fingerboard and three-tone sunburst finish. ... 1950s-style Telecaster with natural finish, with metal bridge cover removed. ...


Although the Jaguar and the Jazzmaster shared the same dual-circuit scheme, the Jaguar had a more complex second (lead) circuit consisting of three switches on the lower bout: the first two were on/off switches for the neck and bridge pickups, respectively, the third switch engaged a capacitor that served as a high-pass filter. This switch was often called the "strangle" switch among players, due to the fact that when it is switched on, the Jaguar attains a treble-accented tone quality that easily cuts through a full band sound[1]. The rhythm circuit, set into operation when the upper bout switch is flicked upwards, gives the guitar a bassier, neck pickup only sound, with individual volume and tone rollers to preset. Another of the Jaguar's features was a spring-loaded rubber string mute, which was flipped upwards from under the strings by a lever. The mute was designed for guitarists who had to palm mute for extended periods, which was difficult or impossible on the Jaguar's floating bridge without knocking the bridge out of position. This feature proved unpopular as it sent the guitar out of tune when it was used improperly. When properly adjusted, the mute will apply light pressure to heavy-gauge, flatwound strings without sending the guitar out of tune.


Like the Jazzmaster and Bass VI, the Jaguar has an unusual floating tremolo arm mechanism that was a complete departure from the "synchronized tremolo" system found on the Fender Stratocaster. Leo Fender believed that this new design was superior to previous designs since the bridge actually moved backwards and forwards along with the strings during tremolo use, thereby maintaining proper intonation even under duress, and preventing strings from binding. This floating bridge concept was also later used on the Fender Mustang. The floating tremolo mechanism also features a built-in tremolo lock, which helped the player preserve the guitar's tuning in the event of a string breakage and easing removal of the tremolo arm. While these ideas worked well in theory on a well set up guitar, many guitarists and luthiers were ignorant of the correct setup, making it one of the more problematic aspects of the Jaguar and Jazzmaster and perhaps part of the reason players stuck with the Stratocaster and Telecaster. A Fender VI on a stand The Fender Bass VI, originally known as the Fender VI, is a six-string electric bass by Fender. ... A tremolo arm, tremolo bar, vibrato bar, whammy bar, or wang bar is a lever attached to the bridge and/or the tailpiece of an electric guitar or archtop guitar to enable the player to quickly vary the tension and sometimes the length of the strings temporarily, changing the pitch... Stratocaster redirects here. ... Leonidas Fender (August 10, 1909 - March 21, 1991), also known as Leo Fender, was an American luthier who founded Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company, now known as Fender Musical Instruments Corporation, and later founded G&L Musical Products (G&L Guitars). ... The Fender Mustang is an electric guitar by the Fender Musical Instruments Company, introduced in 1964 as the basis of a major redesign of Fenders student models then consisting of the Musicmaster and Duo-Sonic. ...


Intended as Fender's top of the line guitar upon its release in 1962, the Jaguar never enjoyed the popularity that the Stratocaster and Telecaster did. After several upgrades (custom finishes, a bound neck and pearloid block inlays), the entire Jaguar range has given a maple fingerboard with black binding and block inlays before being discontinued in 1975 after a thirteen year production run. Fender redirects here. ...


Design

Many guitar players find fault with the design of the bridge, which features saddles that have many grooves cut into them (similar to screw threads). The idea behind this design was that you could space your strings to best suit your needs but the strings may jump out of the grooves when playing with force. The problem is worse on Japanese-made (reissue) Jaguars. The saddles on the Japanese Jags have more shallow grooves than their American-made counterparts (vintage or reissue). The cheap and easy solution to this problem is to deepen the string grooves with a file. A lighter gauge pick will also help to absorb some of the force from hard playing.


Rattling saddles can also be an issue with stock Jaguar bridges. However the saddles can be locked in place by setting the bridge baseplate relatively close to the body while adjusting the individual saddles upward, and using the posts to adjust action. Many Jaguar players as a solution replace the Jag bridge with a Fender Mustang-style bridge which is more solid in construction, however with some setups the strings can rattle against or contact the back of the Mustang bridge, meaning that buzz will not be reduced. Another means of stopping the saddles from rattling is to dip the entire bridge assembly in melted wax. The wax, when hardened, holds the saddles in place. A similar technique is used on guitar pickups. candle wax This page is about the substance. ... For a device which detects vibrations from music instruments, see pickup (music). ...


The rocking action of the bridge is often misunderstood; the unit is mounted on pointed screws resting in metal cups, which are inserted into holes in the body. When the tremolo is used, the bridge pivots on the pointed tips of the screws, causing the saddles to move with the strings instead of the strings sliding over them. When the bridge is adjusted too high up or during heavy palm muting, it occasionally can be knocked in one direction or another causing intonation and tuning problems. Some players fixed the bridge posts in place with tape or rubber tubing, which sacrificed some tuning stability under trem use. Other players replace the bridge entirely with a Gibson-style Tune-O-Matic bridge, although the spacing and radius of this bridge is mismatched to the Fender neck. Replacing the bridge sacrifices some of the characteristic sound of the guitar, as the original bridge functions as a resonating body but the TOM bridge is much denser and acoustically inert by comparison. The original bridge works well when properly set up and played in a careful manner. Typical Tune-o-matic bridge with stopbar Tune-o-matic (also abbreviated to TOM) is a fixed bridge for electric guitars, designed by Gibson and introduced in 1954 in Gibson Les Paul Custom guitar. ...


Another Jaguar modification is the addition of a "Buzz Stop", a bar that mounts above the tremolo system and increases the angle of the strings behind the bridge which supposedly decreases string buzz. Some players claim that such implements are not necessary, and will force the bridge forward on some examples, as well as cause string binding. Some players however enjoy the increase in string tension on a guitar equipped with this device.


When the Jaguar was designed, in the early sixties, heavy-gauge flatwounds were most common, and the G string was wound instead of plain. The Jaguar performs best with such strings[2] These in general increase string tension and help keep the setup tight. The increased mass of the strings also serves to decrease buzzing on the bridge saddles. In the 80s and 90s the heavy strings chosen by Jaguar (and Jazzmaster) players also contributed to the characteristic sound that became associated with the guitar.


Numerous pickup replacements have become available in the last decade, including those made by Seymour Duncan (three variations are available; vintage, hot and quarter-pound)and Jason Lollar who makes a vintage style reproduction. These single-coil pickups give Jaguar players more tonal options without having to route their instrument to accept full-size humbuckers, or to buy a new Jaguar with humbuckers installed as standard. Much of the Jag's surfy twang comes from 1 meg pots in the rhythm and lead circuits, which brighten the guitar's tonality. A 50k pot in the rhythm circuit however yields a darker tone. Seymour Duncan is a company that is most famous for manufacturing of guitar pickups, and currently has a line of effects pedals. ... Traditional Open Coil (uncovered) humbucker pickup A conventional humbucker (or Humbucking pickup) is a type of electric guitar pickup that uses two coils, both generating string signal. ... It has been suggested that Determining emf of primary cells using potentiometer be merged into this article or section. ...


Resurgence

In the 1990s the popularity of the Jaguar & Jazzmaster exploded when they saw heavy use by various alternative rock and grunge bands such as Sonic Youth, Bevis Frond, Spacemen 3,Nirvana and Soundgarden. Alternative music redirects here. ... Grunge music (sometimes also referred to as the Seattle Sound) is an independent-rooted music genre that became a commercially successful offshoot of hardcore punk, thrash metal, and alternative rock in the late 1980s and early 1990s. ... Sonic Youth is an American alternative rock band formed in New York City in 1981. ... The Bevis Frond is a musical group whose range covers hard edge to melancholy vintage indie rock to poetic, classic-rock songcraft with a thick Walthamstow accent. ... Spacemen 3 were an English rock band who formed in 1982 and whose career spanned from the post-punk to acid house eras. ... This article is about the American grunge band. ... Soundgarden was an American rock band formed in Seattle, Washington in 1984 by lead singer and drummer Chris Cornell, lead guitarist Kim Thayil, and bassist Hiro Yamamoto. ...


One of the reasons the Jaguar became so immensely popular among indie rock artists is because they are one of the few solid body tailed bridge guitars produced by a major manufacturer. The Jaguar and the Jazzmaster both have an accidentally created, primitive tailed bridge mechanism in their floating bridge with limited timbre when used in an extended technique. When the strings are strummed behind the bridge, a unique chiming sound is created that is has come to be associated with Sonic Youth. Even when strumming in front of the bridge, the long string length behind the bridge coupled with the low break angle over the bridge functions as a "sink" for vibrational energy, producing sympathetic resonance which can function as a counterpoint when power chords are played on different string pairs. Indie rock is a subgenre of rock music often used to refer to bands that are on small independent record labels or that arent on labels at all. ... Some electric guitars have an extended bridge for their tremolo system, named a tailed bridge guitar because of its shape. ... 1962 Fender Jazzmaster Sunburst The Fender Jazzmaster electric guitar was introduced in 1958 and was designed as a more upmarket instrument than the Fender Stratocaster, which itself was introduced in 1954 as a higher-priced product than the companys Telecaster series. ... In music, timbre, or sometimes timber, (from Fr. ... Cover of Henry Cowell: Piano Music, with Henry Cowell demonstrating the longitudinal sweeping string piano technique Extended technique is a term used in music to describe unconventional, unorthodox or improper techniques of singing, or of playing musical instruments. ... Sympathetic resonance is a harmonic phenomenon wherein a frequency or note will start resonating in sympathy with another, not due to any external agency. ... For other uses, see Counterpoint (disambiguation). ... In music, a power chord is an interval which serves the diatonic function of a major or minor chord. ...


It has also been suggested that Jaguars and Jazzmasters were popular with late 80's indie artists precisely because of their unpopularity with more traditional guitar players at the time. This meant that Jaguars and Jazzmasters were far cheaper than vintage Stratocasters or Telecasters and therefore struggling musicians could afford to own a high quality vintage Fender guitar where they could not before. In the 80s, "pre-CBS" models from the early 1960s often sold for under $100 at a time when their more popular contemporaries went for ten times that amount.

  • Kurt Cobain used a modified 1965 sunburst finish Jaguar with a Gibson Tune-O-Matic type, black chrome Schaller bridge, modified circuitry, and humbuckers. It was his main guitar during the Nevermind era and featured a red-swirl mother-of-bowling-ball pickguard, two volume knobs, one tone knob, and a bound neck. There was tape covering the on/off and phase switches, which were disconnected and replaced with a Gibson-style toggle switch. Full-sized humbuckers reside in both the bridge and neck positions, the neck being a DiMarzio PAF and the bridge a DiMarzio Super Distortion, until the In Utero tour when it was replaced with a black Duncan JB.
  • John Frusciante of the Red Hot Chili Peppers utilized a fiesta red 1962 Jaguar at the Woodstock 1999 festival for the part of the band's time on center stage. John also played an ocean turquoise Jag in the immensely popular video for their song "Under the Bridge".
  • Shoegaze bands such as My Bloody Valentine, lovesliescrushing and Chapterhouse often use the Jaguar, both for its unusual tones and tremolo system. As both the Jaguar and the Jazzmaster have longer tremolo arms, players are able to strum chords whilst simultaneously manipulating the tremolo arm by pushing it towards the body, causing the chord to dip in and out of tune, often rhythmically. In the shoegaze style, this technique is often combined with heavy amounts of delay and reverberation effects to create what is known as a 'shimmer'.
  • Maurice Deebank of Felt used a Jaguar to craft the intricate, classically-influenced passages on that band's early releases.

The Jaguar and Jazzmaster's resurgence almost exactly mirrors the "discovery" of the Gibson Les Paul in the '60s by rock guitarists looking for a 'heavy' sound unobtainable with the then-predominant Stratocaster. The Les Paul was an unfashionable model during its initial production because of the recent introduction of the "space age" Strat and could be obtained in the '60s for relatively low prices. Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967 – c. ... The Gibson Guitar Corporation, of Nashville, Tennessee, USA, is a manufacturer of acoustic and electric guitars. ... Typical Tune-o-matic bridge with stopbar Tune-o-matic (also abbreviated to TOM) is a fixed bridge for electric guitars, designed by Gibson and introduced in 1954 in Gibson Les Paul Custom guitar. ... John Anthony Frusciante (IPA pronunciation: ) (born March 5, 1970) is an American guitarist, singer, songwriter and record producer. ... The Red Hot Chili Peppers are an American alternative rock band formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1983. ... Woodstock 1999, held July 23-25, 1999 was the second music festival, after Woodstock 94, that attempted to emulate the success of the original Woodstock Festival of 1969. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Shoegazing is a style of music that emerged in Britain in the late 1980s. ... This article is about the music group. ... lovesliescrushing (often misspelled loveliescrushing) is a shoegaze band, from Tucson, Arizona. ... Chapterhouse is a British shoegazing band of the early 1990s, originally from Reading. ... In its general sense, delay refers to a lapse of time. ... This article is about audio effect. ... Maurice Deebank was the classically-trained lead guitarist of the British indie band Felt from its debut album until 1986. ... Felt were a 1980s UK indie band, led by Lawrence Hayward (known simply as Lawrence, his full name was never listed in any record credits), and included guitarist Maurice Deebank for the first half of the bands existence, keyboard player Martin Duffy who essentially replaced Deebank, and drummer Gary... The Gibson Les Paul is a solidbody electric guitar originally developed in the early 1950s. ...


Jaguars have also found favor among players with small hands. The Jaguar and Mustang are two guitars in the Fender lineup with a short (24 inch) scale length and slim neck. Players with small hands find these necks easier to play when attempting difficult chords and long stretches.


Reissue

Fender reissued the 1962 version of the Jaguar in 1999 as part of its American Vintage Series (lower cost Japanese-made versions have been available since 1986/87, originally made of basswood, now of alder like their American counterparts). Several other variations have been released within the last decade, including several humbucker versions and a Jaguar bass guitar in 2006. Fender of Japan also produces Jaguars for its own domestic market with numerous special editions including an accurate version of Kurt Cobain's modified model. As of 2007, the main difference between Japanese and American models is the electronics - American models use higher quality chrome rather than stainless steel parts and have brass shielding plates installed in the cavities (Japanese guitars made before 96/97 also have brass shielding). No standard US made AVRI Jaguars sport matching headstocks unlike their vintage counterparts, however many Japanese models do, and also offer some custom colors not found on American models. Fender redirects here. ... Basswood is the common name of timbers of Tilia species. ... Species About 20-30 species, see text. ... The Fender Jaguar Bass is more or less a combination of the Fender Jazz Bass electric bass guitar and the Fender Jaguar electric guitar. ...


Although Fender has many signature models designed in conjunction with famous players, usually customised Stratocasters or Telecasters, no signature Jaguars currently exist. The Fender Jag-Stang, a Mustang/Jaguar hybrid, was built for Kurt Cobain however. The Jag-Stang is a hybrid of two Fender electric guitars: a Jaguar and a Mustang. ... Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967 – c. ...


In May 2008 Fender introduced the Classic Player's Series Jaguar, which is made in Mexico and sells for under $1000. Fender have made numerous changes to the classic design, however, replacing the bridge with a Tune-o-matic type, giving it a 9.5" fretboard radius, moving the tremolo plate closer to the bridge and installing high output pickups.


Variations

Fender Jaguar Special HH

Has the same body shape as the standard Jaguar, but is equipped with two low-output Fender designed Dragster humbucking pickups, a fixed adjust-o-matic bridge (similar to a Gibson Tune-O-Matic), a 24.75" scale length, and chrome knobs. The Gibson Guitar Corporation, of Nashville, Tennessee, USA, is a manufacturer of acoustic and electric guitars. ... Typical Tune-o-matic bridge with stopbar Tune-o-matic (also abbreviated to TOM) is a fixed bridge for electric guitars, designed by Gibson and introduced in 1954 in Gibson Les Paul Custom guitar. ...

Fender Jaguar Baritone Special HH

Similar to the Jaguar HH, except that it has fewer switching options, and a longer 27" scale length (as opposed to the normal 24"), and is designed to be tuned a fourth below a standard guitar (B E A D F# B, low to high). A variation of the Fender Jaguar electric guitar, equipped with two humbuckers, a fixed bridge, a longer 27 scale length (as opposed to the normal 24), and designed to be tuned B E A D F# B. Not to be confused with the Fender Jaguar Baritone Custom (aka Fender Jaguar...

Fender Jaguar Baritone Custom

A combination of a Jaguar and a Fender Bass VI with additional features. It has a fixed bridge, a 28.5" scale length and heavier strings to achieve a tuning one octave lower than a standard guitar. also known as Fender Jaguar Bass VI Custom Fenders Jaguar Baritone Custom electric guitar is more or less a combination of the Fender Jaguar electric guitar and the Fender Bass VI electric bass guitar: Its pickup configuration and switching setup is identical to the Jaguar, but uses the same... A Fender VI on a stand The Fender Bass VI, originally known as the Fender VI, is a six-string electric bass by Fender. ...

Fender Jaguar Bass

Essentially a Fender Jazz Bass with a Jaguar-shaped body and Jaguar-styled switching options. Features a switchable on-board preamp with bass/treble controls. The Fender Jaguar Bass is more or less a combination of the Fender Jazz Bass electric bass guitar and the Fender Jaguar electric guitar. ...


External links

  • Official Fender website
  • A Site Dedicated to Jaguars, Mustangs, and Jag-Stangs
  • Jaguar and Jazzmaster Review

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fender Jaguar: Harmony Central User Reviews (6583 words)
The jaguar was stunning to begin with, but I play on a 5150 with a roland jazz chorus for cleans.
I know famous Jaguar users like Kurt Cobain tended to set the guitar to their favourite sound setting and then tape over the switches and forget they were there.
Never had to deal with Fender themselves, the guy I deal with is a Fender dealer, and generally says they're good to deal with, but as with any major corporation money is king.
Fender Jaguar: Information from Answers.com (1192 words)
The Jaguar was originally marketed and seen as a surf guitar, along with its sister guitar, the Fender Jazzmaster both of which became popular among surf rock groups in the early to mid 1960s.
Although the Jaguar and the Jazzmaster shared the same dual-circuit scheme, the Jaguar had a more complex second (lead) circuit consisting of three switches on the lower bout: the first two were on/off switches for the neck and bridge pickups, respectively, the third switch engaged a capacitor that served as a high-pass filter.
Similar to the Jaguar HH, except that it has fewer switching options, and a longer 27" scale length (as opposed to the normal 24"), and is designed to be tuned B E A D F# B. Fender Jaguar Baritone Custom.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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