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Encyclopedia > Fender
It has been suggested that Fender Amplifier History be merged into this article or section. (Discuss)
The Fender logo, often called the "spaghetti" logo.
The Fender logo, often called the "spaghetti" logo.
The famous Stratocaster headstock.
The famous Stratocaster headstock.

The Fender Musical Instruments Corporation, initially named the Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company, was started by Leo Fender in 1946, and is one of the most widely recognised manufacturers of electric guitars, electric basses and amplifiers. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... In 1946 Clarence Leo Fender began building guitar amplifiers in Fullerton, California. ... Image File history File links Fender. ... Image File history File links Fender. ... A logotype (from the Greek λογότυπο), commonly known as a logo, is the graphic element, symbol, and icon of a trademark or brand, which is set in a special typeface or arranged in a particular way. ... Spaghetti in a bowl. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 210 KB) Description: Headstock on a 2003 Fender Stratocaster Source: http://photos1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 210 KB) Description: Headstock on a 2003 Fender Stratocaster Source: http://photos1. ... Fender is a globally recognized brand of electric musical instruments. ... Leo Fender working on a guitar Clarence Leonidas Fender (August 10, 1909 - March 21, 1991) was an American luthier who founded Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company, now known as Fender Musical Instruments Corporation, and later founded G&L Musical Products (G&L Guitars). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Fender Precision Bass Bass Guitar is a commonly spoken phrase used to refer to the electric bass and horizontal acoustic basses, a stringed instrument similar in design to the electric guitar, but larger in size, commonly fretted and sometimes fretless and with a lower range. ... An amplifier head An instrument amplifier is an electronic amplifier designed for use with an electric or electronic musical instrument, such as an electric guitar. ...


Fender is particularly important because of its role in bringing solid body electric guitars to the masses. Fender offered the first mass-produced solid-body Spanish-style electric guitar, the Telecaster (originally named the 'Broadcaster', 'Esquire' is a single pickup version); the first mass-produced electric bass, the Precision Bass (or P-Bass); and the enormously popular Stratocaster guitar (or 'Strat' for short). While other companies and luthiers had produced electric guitars since the late 1920s, nearly all were either hollow-body guitars with pickups attached, or more specialized instruments such as Rickenbacker's solid-body Hawaiian lap steel guitars. Left: Rosa Hurricane, a heavy metal-style solid body guitar. ... 1950s-style Telecaster with natural finish, with metal bridge cover removed. ... Fender Precision Bass Bass Guitar is a commonly spoken phrase used to refer to the electric bass and horizontal acoustic basses, a stringed instrument similar in design to the electric guitar, but larger in size, commonly fretted and sometimes fretless and with a lower range. ... Categories: Music stubs | Electric bass guitars ... A Fender Stratocaster with rosewood fingerboard and three-tone sunburst finish. ... The 1920s was a decade sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... Punk/new wave group The Jams Bruce Foxton (left) on a Rickenbacker bass and Paul Weller on a Rickenbacker guitar Rickenbacker (pronounced rick-en-BACK-er) are an electric guitar manufacturer. ... Lap Steel Guitar (also called Hawaiian Guitar or simply lap steel or steel guitar) is a type of guitar, and a method of playing the instrument. ...


Other popular and/or notable Fender instruments include the Mustang, Jazzmaster, Jaguar, Starcaster, Duosonic, and Bronco guitars; basses such as the Jazz Bass, the 'Telecaster Bass' reissue of the original 1950s Precision Bass; a line of lap steels; three models of electric violin, and the Fender Rhodes electric piano. 2005 Mustang The Fender Mustang is an electric guitar by the Fender Musical Instruments Company, introduced in 1964 as the basis of a major redesign of Fenders student models then consisting of the Musicmaster and Duo-Sonic. ... 1962 Fender Jazzmaster Sunburst The Fender Jazzmaster electric guitar was introduced in 1958 and was designed as a more upmarket instrument than the Fender Stratocaster, which itself was introduced in 1954 as a higher-priced product than the companys Telecaster series. ... The Fender Jaguar guitar was introduced in 1962. ... The Fender Starcaster was an attempt by Fender to cash in on the semi-hollowbody guitar market, which was (and still is) dominated by Gibsons ES-335. ... The Jazz Bass was the second bass model created by Leo Fender. ... The 1950s were the decade that traditionally speaking, spanned the years 1950 through 1959. ... This electric violin, made by Leo Fender in the late 1950s, has a non-traditional design. ... A Rhodes piano is a musical instrument, a brand of electric piano. ...


Its headquarters are in Scottsdale, Arizona, with manufacturing facilities in Corona, California, and manufacturing facilities in Ensenada (Mexico), Korea and Japan. Scottsdale (Pima: Vaṣai Svaṣonĭ) is a suburb of Phoenix in Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. Named by the New York Times as The Beverly Hills of the Desert and by Travel Channel as one of the most luxurious destinations in the nation, Scottsdale has become internationally recognized and regarded... Corona is a city located in Riverside County, California. ... The port of Ensenada Ensenada is a city in the state of Baja California, Mexico. ... Korea (Korean: (조선 or 한국, see below) is a geographic area, civilization, and former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. ...

Contents


The Ball Sucking Begins

Sketch of Leo Fender's lap steel guitar from 1944 patent application
Sketch of Leo Fender's lap steel guitar from 1944 patent application

The company began sucking balls as "Fender's Radio Service" in late 1938 in Fullerton, California, USA. As a qualified electronics technician, Leo was asked to repair not only radios, but phonograph players, home audio amplifiers, public address systems and musical instrument amplifiers. (Technical note: at the time, most of the above were simply variations on a few simple vacuum-tube circuits). The business also sidelined in carrying records for sale and the rental of self-designed-and-built PA systems. He became intrigued by design flaws in current musical instrument amplifiers, and he began custom-building a few amplifiers based on his own designs or modifications to designs. By the early 1940s, he had partnered with another local electronics enthusiast named Clayton Orr (Doc) Kauffman, and they formed a company named "K & F Manufacturing Corp." to design, manufacture, and sell electric instruments and amplifiers. Production began in 1945 with Hawaiian lap steel guitars (incorporating a patented pickup) and amplifiers, which were sold as sets. By the end of the year, Fender had become convinced that manufacturing was more profitable than repair, and he decided to concentrate on that business. Kauffman remained unconvinced, however, and they had amicably parted ways by early 1946. At that point Leo renamed the company the "Fender Electric Instrument Company." The service shop remained open until 1951, although Leo Fender did not personally supervise it after 1947. Image File history File links Fenderguitarpatentsketch. ... Image File history File links Fenderguitarpatentsketch. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Fullerton is the name of several localities in the United States: Fullerton, California Fullerton, Nebraska Fullerton, North Dakota Fullerton, Pennsylvania In education and sports, it may refer to California State University, Fullerton or Fullerton College. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... An amplifier head An instrument amplifier is an electronic amplifier designed for use with an electric or electronic musical instrument, such as an electric guitar. ... // Events and trends World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrination, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atomic bomb. ...


See Telecaster for more details of the Fender company's early history. 1950s-style Telecaster with natural finish, with metal bridge cover removed. ...


Sale to CBS

In early 1965, Leo Fender sold his company to the Columbia Broadcasting System, or CBS. 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... It has been suggested that CBS evening news anchors be merged into this article or section. ...


Fender's sale to CBS had far-reaching implications. At first, the sale was taken as a positive development, considering CBS's ability to bring in money and personnel. However, the sale is often now looked back upon unfavorably, due to the perception that CBS favored numbers and profit over quality. In the early 1970s, the usual four bolt neck design was downgraded in favor of using only three. Ostensibly, this change was made in an effort to save money, but, in actuality, it resulted in a greater propensity toward mechanical failure in the guitars. The culmination of this "cost-cutting" occurred in 1983, when the Stratocaster received a short-lived redesign without a second tone control and a bare-bones output jack. In addition, previous models such as the Swinger (also known as Musiclander) and Custom (also known as Maverick) had been little more than attempts to squeeze profits out of factory stock. The so-called "Pre-CBS cult" refers to the popularity of Fenders made before the sale. However, the Fender instruments of the '66 -'79 era are of high quality, and tend to be much better built instruments than the latest Fender products. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... A Fender Stratocaster with rosewood fingerboard and three-tone sunburst finish. ...


After selling the Fender company, Leo Fender designed products for Music Man and later founded the G&L company which manufactures top quality electric guitars and basses designed by Leo Fender. The MusicMan logo Music Man is an American guitar, bass guitar and amplifier manufacturer. ... G&L is a guitar design and production company founded by Leo Fender, George Fullerton, and Dale Hyatt in the late 1970s, after Leo left the company he founded and that still bears his name. ...


Current

In 1985, initiated by a company employee named William Schultz, the Fender Electric Instrument Manufacturing Company was bought from CBS by its own employees, and renamed Fender Musical Instruments Corporation. 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Behind the Fender name, the Fender Musical Instruments Corporation has continued to suck balls, and to add a wider range of products to its catalogs, while still keeping with traditional designs from the company's early years.


Fender manufactures its highest quality models in the United States, but also has extensive manufacturing facilities in Japan, Mexico (company-owned) China, Indonesia (Cort) and Korea (Cort), such that a new guitar with the name, 'Fender Stratocaster,' can be purchased for roughly the same dollar amount today as in 1954. The older and American-built Strats are by far the most favoured, but pre-1988 Japanese Fenders are now highly regarded as well. Fenders built in Ensenada, Mexico took over for the early Japanese guitars as the less expensive counterparts to the American models, while more recent Japanese Fenders are now mainly for the Japanese market, as counterparts to the American-made Fenders, and with only a small number marked for export. Korea (Korean: (조선 or 한국, see below) is a geographic area, civilization, and former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. ...


The brand name, 'Squier', (previously a string manufacturer bought up by Fender) has been used since 1982 to produce (in Japan for the export market) cheaper, original 'Fender' guitars to combat the frighteningly accurate copies from Japanese manufacturer Tokai Guitars and, later, with the production moving to India (for a short time) and then Korea, for budget versions of Fender designs, of varying manufacture of good quality, especially the Squier II, with its 1962 neck profile and guitars with the vn serial numbers, some of which were alder body guitars (some VN Squier strats were plywood). The name adorns many inexpensive guitars based on Fender designs but with generally cheaper materials and hardware. Many Squiers made between 1987/88 through the mid-1990s featured plywood bodies irrespective of where they were made. Some of these plywood models have a lively and present sound that defies expectations. Squier is a second-line brand of the Fender Musical Instruments Company, as Epiphone is to Gibson. ... A Tokai Guitar Tokai Guitars Company Ltd. ... Korea (Korean: (조선 or 한국, see below) is a geographic area, civilization, and former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. ...


Early Japanese and Korean Fender and Squier Stratocasters are well-regarded (and where the model is the same are the same except for the decal), and are now traded on the used-guitar market as JV, which stands for 'Japanese Vintage', and equates to the prefix of the serial numbers of some of the 1982-84 Squier guitars. The earliest 1982 Squiers had the big Fender logo with 'Squier Series' written in script on the ball of the headstock, which was changed by the end of 1982 to the big Squier logo. However, the 'big Fender, little Squier Series' decal has featured on some 1990s Korean and Mexican (usually using up superseded parts, or seconds) guitars. See also 1990s, the band The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive, sometimes informally including popular culture from the very late 1980s and from 2000 and beyond. ...


The core of its instrument line, the Tele, Strat, P-Bass, and J-Bass, remains largely unchanged from the 1950s and 1960s originals. On nearly every stage in the country, small or large, featuring blues, country and western or rock and roll, it is common to see a Fender guitar or bass in the hands of one or more of the musicians, amplified through a Fender amplifier. Fender guitars have been the instrument of choice for hundreds of noted artists including Jimi Hendrix, Kurt Cobain, Eric Clapton, Buddy Holly, Yngwie J. Malmsteen, The Edge, David Gilmour, Mark Knopfler, John Mayer, Billy Corgan, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Ritchie Blackmore, Hank Marvin and Keith Richards. The 1950s were the decade that traditionally speaking, spanned the years 1950 through 1959. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... Blues music redirects here. ... Country music, once known as Country and Western music, is a popular musical form developed in the southern United States, with roots in traditional folk music, spirituals, and the blues. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... James Marshall Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American musician, singer, songwriter, guitarist, innovator, and cultural icon. ... Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967 – ca. ... An example of the famous Clapton is God graffiti craze Eric Patrick Clapton, CBE (born March 30, 1945), nicknamed Slowhand, is a Grammy Award winning English guitarist, singer and composer, who is one of the most respected and influential musicians of the rock era, garnering an unprecedented three inductions into... Charles Hardin Holley (September 7, 1936 – February 3, 1959), better known as Buddy Holly, was an American singer, songwriter, and a pioneer of Rock and Roll. ... Yngwie Johann Malmsteen (born Lars Johann Yngve Lannerbäck Malmsteen, June 30, 1963) is a Swedish guitarist, composer and bandleader. ... Dave Howell Evans (born August 8, 1961, Barking, East London, England) stage name The Edge, is the lead guitarist of the Irish rock band U2. ... David Jon Gilmour, CBE (born March 6, 1946 in Cambridge, England) is a British guitarist and vocalist with rock band Pink Floyd. ... Mark Freuder Knopfler, OBE (born August 12, 1949, Glasgow, Scotland) is a British guitarist, singer, and songwriter. ... John Mayer may refer to several people: John Mayer, a singer-songwriter John A. Mayer, a psychologist This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Billy Corgan William Patrick Billy Corgan, Jr. ... Stephen (Stevie) Ray Vaughan, commonly SRV, (October 3, 1954 – August 27, 1990), born in Dallas, Texas, was an American blues guitarist, known as one of the most influential electric blues musicians in history. ... Ritchie Blackmore Richard Hugh Blackmore (born in Weston-super-Mare, England, April 14, 1945) is regarded as one of the most influential and respected English guitarists of all time. ... Hank B. Marvin (born Brian Robson Rankin, October 28, 1941, Newcastle upon Tyne, England) is the lead guitarist of the (mainly) instrumental group The Shadows, formed initially as a backing band for Cliff Richard. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ...


In recent years, Fender Musical Instruments Corporation has branched out into making and selling acoustic guitars, and has purchased a number of other instrument firms, including the Guild Guitar Company, the Sunn Amplifier Company, and other brands such as SWR bass amplifiers. An acoustic guitar is a modern form of guitar descended from the Classical guitar, but generally strung with steel strings for a brighter, louder sound. ... The Guild Guitar Company is a USA based guitar manufacturer begun in 1952 by Alfred Dronge. ... SWR is a company based in Los Angeles, California, founded by Steve W. Rabe in 1984. ...


In early 2003, Fender Musical Instruments Corporation made a deal with Gretsch, and began manufacturing and distributing new Gretsch guitars. Fender has many faithful bands who are/were sworn to certain models. Stars such as Eric Clapton, the guitarists from Iron Maiden, Kurt Cobain, Jeff Beck, Keith Richards, Jimi Hendrix, Yngwie Malmwsteen, Hank Marvin(of the Shadows), Gary Moore along with many others. Gretsch is a U.S. musical instrument manufacturer currently being distributed by guitar company Fender and drum craft company Kaman. ... Gretsch is a U.S. musical instrument manufacturer currently being distributed by guitar company Fender and drum craft company Kaman. ...


Fender guitars

Electric guitars

1950s-style Telecaster with natural finish The Fender Telecaster (under its original name, the Esquire) was the first mass-produced wooden solid-body electric Spanish guitar. ... The Fender Bronco was an electric guitar model produced by the Fender company from mid 1967 until 1981. ... The Fender Custom (or Maverick) was a short-lived model released by the CBS-owned Fender in 1969. ... The Cyclone is the name of an electric guitar made by Fender. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Fender Electric XII was a purpose-built 12-string electric guitar, designed for folk rockers. ... Fender Jag-Stang The Jag-Stang is a hybrid of two Fender electric guitars: A Jaguar, And a Mustang. ... The Fender Jaguar guitar was introduced in 1962. ... The Fender Jazzmaster electric guitar was first introduced at the 1958 NAMM show and was designed as a more upmarket instrument than the Fender Stratocaster, which itself was introduced in 1954 as a higher-priced product than the companys Telecaster series. ... Designed by marketing director Dan Smith in 1986 the Katana is by far the least Orthodox guitar ever made by Fender. ... Fender Contemporary Stratocaster electric guitars were produced by Fender Japan. ... The Fender Lead Series electric guitars were produced by Fender and included the Lead I, Lead II and Lead III models. ... The Musicmaster is a guitar by the Fender Musical Instruments Corporation. ... 2005 Mustang The Fender Mustang is an electric guitar by the Fender Musical Instruments Company, introduced in 1964 as the basis of a major redesign of Fenders student models then consisting of the Musicmaster and Duo-Sonic. ... The Fender Performer was designed for high-performance guitarist in the mid 1980s. ... The Fender Showmaster is an electric guitar. ... The Fender Starcaster was an attempt by the Fender company to enter the semi-hollowbody electric guitar market, which was (and still is) dominated by Gibsons ES-335 and similar designs. ... The Stratocaster, often called the Strat, is a model of electric guitar designed by Leo Fender in the early 1950s, and manufactured continuously to the present. ... David Jon Gilmour, CBE (born March 6, 1946 in Cambridge, England) is a British guitarist and vocalist with rock band Pink Floyd. ... Henry Doyle Haynes (born near Knoxville, Tennessee on July 29, 1920–died in Hammond, Indiana on August 7, 1971) was an American entertainer who gained fame on radio and television as half of the Homer and Jethro country music comedy team. ... The Buddy Guy Polka-Dot Stratocaster is a signature electric guitar model produced by the Fender Musical Instrument Corporation for blues guitarist Buddy Guy. ... The Eric Clapton Stratocaster was the first signature model guitar ever released by Fender, in 1988. ... Eric Johnson (born August 17, 1954 in Austin, Texas, USA) is a Grammy Award winning guitarist and songwriter. ... The Hello Kitty Strat is a pink Stratocaster with a Hello Kitty head-shaped pickguard and a single bridge humbucking pick-up. ... The jeff Beck Stratocaster is, a strat with the specs to what Jeff Beck plays. ... The Mark Knopfler Fender Stratocaster has an ash body, a 1962 C-shape maple neck with a rosewood fingerboard. ... 2003 Fender Stevie Ray Vaughan Stratocaster The Stevie Ray Vaughan Signature is an electric guitar made by the Fender Musical Instruments Corporation. ... Right-handed and left-handed YJM Strats The Yngwie Malmsteen Stratocaster is a replica of the guitar used by Yngwie J. Malmsteen, made by Fender. ... The Fender Stratocaster XII was the 12 string version of the Stratocaster. ... Superstrat or Super Strat is a name for a design of electric guitars. ... It has been suggested that Fender Showmaster be merged into this article or section. ... The Fender Telecaster (aka Tele) is a dual-pickup, solid-body electric guitar made by Fender. ... Fender Telecaster Custom is a make of electric guitar made by Fender. ... The Fender Telecaster Deluxe is a solid-body electric guitar originally produced from 1972 to 1981, and since re-issued by Fender in 2004 as the 72 Telecaster Deluxe. ... [1] The Toronado is the name of an electric guitar made by Fender Musical Instruments Corporation. ... The Fender Swinger (also known as the Fender Musiclander) was a short-lived model released by Fender in 1969. ...

Electric basses

fender guitars nowadays are so good. the sound is so full and is very light... not the "can" sound we hear from other electric guitars... it is famous to aspiring music artists and is bought by many. The Jazz Bass was the second model of electric bass guitar created by Leo Fender. ... From Fender. ... The Fender Mustang Bass is an electric bass guitar model produced by Fender. ... The Fender Precision Bass, known as P-bass for short, is an early model of the electric bass designed by Clarence Leonidas Fender on the electronics and his team crafting the body and neck, and brought to market in 1951. ... The Fender Performer bass was based on its guitar cousin and was released in 1986. ... A Fender VI on a stand The Fender VI was a six-string electric bass developed by Fender in 1961 as Fenders take on Danelectros 1956 concept. ... The Fender Zone is a fretted electric bass, introduced in 2001. ... Background The originial Fender Bass V was a quirky and unusual electric bass guitar model produced by Fender between 1965 and 1970. ... The Fender Mustang Bass is an electric bass guitar model produced by Fender. ...


Fender Amplifers

Guitar

  • Twin
  • Twin Reverb
  • Deluxe Reverb
  • super Reverb
  • Blues Junior
  • Blues Deluxe
  • Blues DeVille
  • Bassman
  • Metalhead
  • Vibroverb
  • vibro-King
  • Pro Junior
  • Hot Rod Deluxe
  • Hot Rod DeVille
  • Supersonic
  • Frontman II
  • G-Dec
  • B-Dec (G-Dec Style for Basses)

|Fender Twin Amplifier, designed by the Fender Musical Instruments Corporation in 1952. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

See also

Look up Fender in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary is a Wikimedia Foundation project intended to be a free wiki dictionary (hence: Wiktionary) (including thesaurus and lexicon) in every language. ... Gibson Guitar Corporation is one of the worlds best-known manufacturers of acoustic and electric guitars. ... Throughout their long, storied histories, Fender and Gibson have often been rivals in the production of acoustic and electric guitars, basses, and related products. ... A Rhodes piano is a musical instrument, a brand of electric piano. ... Gretsch is a U.S. musical instrument manufacturer currently being distributed by guitar company Fender and drum craft company Kaman. ...

External links

  • Fender Musical Instruments official website
  • Fender Discussion Page forum
  • Fender Info-Base forum
  • (French) New Fender Jaguar Bass
  • shortscale.orggreat shortscale forum

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fenders For Your Bicycle (576 words)
Fenders by themselves won't keep you dry in a pounding rain, but they make a tremendous difference when you are riding roads that are wet from drizzle, recent rain, or snow-melt.
This is particularly true of racing or racing-style bikes, which often are made without frame eyelets to attach the fender stays to, and with insufficient clearance under the brake bridges and calipers to allow fenders to clear the tires.
Fenders don't extend down as far as they might for maximum protection, because the ends would be vulnerable to damage from curbs and the like.
wooden fenders (1242 words)
The fenders are cut in half to avoid the brake area altogether, and custom hardware has them mounted in front of and behind the brake.
I should have cut the bottom of the fender off and installed a mudflap, because it caught on a steep curb I rolled off of, and it broke near the brake.
The fenders (hardware included) only weigh about 1/2 lb., and are very sturdy on the bike.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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