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Encyclopedia > Fences (play)

Fences is a play published in 1985 by African-American playwright August Wilson. Set in the 1950s, the play is the sixth in Wilson's ten-part Pittsburgh Cycle. Like all of the Pittsburgh plays, Fences explores the evolving African-American experience and examines race relations, among other themes. The play earned Wilson a Pulitzer Prize and actor James Earl Jones a Tony Award. Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... August Wilson August Wilson (April 27, 1945 – October 2, 2005) was a Pulitzer Prize-winning American playwright. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... James Earl Jones (b. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ...

Major characters

  • Troy Maxson
  • Jim Bono - Troy's best friend, and obvious "follower" in their friendship
  • Rose - Troy's wife and the mother of Troy's second son (Cory)
  • Cory - Troy's son, who against his father's wishes plays football (and quits his job)
  • Gabriel - Troy's brother, who received a substantial head wound in World War II. He is now insane, believing himself to be the archangel Gabriel. Gabriel receives remuneration from the Army, money which Troy takes and uses to build his house.
  • Lyons - Troy's first son, who was not mothered by Rose. Troy always has the impression that Lyons only comes around for money.
  • Alberta - A never-seen woman Troy "be eyeing" (desires). He cheats on Rose with Alberta because it gets him away from his responsibilities. She dies during childbirth.
  • Raynell - Troy and Alberta's baby. Rose accepts the duty of being Raynell's mother when Alberta dies in childbirth, and Raynell is seen at the end of the play as a happy seven-year-old.

Inmates at Bedlam Asylum, as portrayed by William Hogarth Insanity, or madness, is a general term for a semi-permanent, severe mental disorder. ... Archangels are superior or higher-ranking angels. ... 12th-century icon of Archangel Gabriel from Novgorod. ...

Plot summary

The play begins on payday, with Troy and Bono drinking and talking. Troy's character is revealed through his speech about how he went up to Mr. Rand (their boss) and asked why black men are not allowed to drive the garbage trucks (they are garbage men). Rose and Lyons join in the conversation. Lyons, a musician, has come to ask for money, confident he will receive it. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A garbage man, garbage collector or trash collector (US English), dustman or refuse collector (British English), garbo (Australian English slang) is a person employed by a city or by a private company who goes to houses and/or businesses collecting and hauling away waste from dustbins or dumpsters and taking...

A few days later, Cory tells Troy that a man from North Carolina will come to talk about Cory's future in football, and that he will be offered a scholarship. Troy was also a sports star when younger: a baseball player in the Negro Leagues, disheartened that the major leagues began to accept black players only when Troy was too old to play. Troy allows Cory to play football only on the condition that Cory keep his after-school job at the A&P supermarket. Cory, although knowing that this is impossible, accepts Troy's offer. The ball used in American football has a pointed oval shape, and usually has a large set of stitches along one side. ... This article is about scholarship (noun) and scholarship as a form of financial aid. ... A view of the playing field at Busch Memorial Stadium, St. ... Part of the History of baseball series. ... For the short story by John Updike, see A&P (story). ... Exterior of a typical British supermarket (a Tesco Extra) Exterior of typical North American supermarket (a Safeway) This Flagship Randalls store in Houston, Texas is an example of an upscale supermarket. ...

By the next scene, we learn that Troy has won his case and is the first black man to drive a garbage Truck in Pittsburgh. As he is boasting to Bono about his past struggles with his father, Cory comes in enraged, because Troy has told the football coach that Cory cannot play football anymore because he didn't keep his job at the A&P. Troy views Cory's insubordination as "strike one." Two more strikes, and Troy will kick him out. Nickname: Motto: Benigno Numine (With the Benevolent Deity) Location in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Coordinates: , Country United States Commonwealth Pennsylvania County Allegheny Founded November 25, 1758 Incorporated April 22, 1794 (borough)   March 18, 1816 (city) Government  - Mayor Luke Ravenstahl (D) Area  - City 151. ...

In the next scene, Troy bails Gabriel out of jail after Gabriel was arrested for disturbing the peace. Bono warns Troy about not "messing" with Alberta and sticking with Rose. Troy says he realizes Rose's value, but then admits to her that he is having an affair with Alberta, and she is pregnant. Rose is distraught that she put all her faith in Troy and yet he betrayed her. When Troy grabs her arm, Cory comes from behind him and shoves Troy down. Troy admonishes Cory that this act is "strike two" and tells him not to strike out. For the next few months, all Troy does is come home, change, and go to Alberta's house. No one in the family talks to him.

Six months later, Rose receives a call from the hospital. Troy's baby is a girl, and Alberta has died in childbirth. When Troy comes home with the baby, Raynell, he asks Rose to act as the mother. She agrees to this for the sake of the child, but tells Troy that he is now a "womanless man." Rose leaves, and Troy sits in the entrance to the house. When Cory tries to push his way past him, Troy is enraged and demands that Cory say "excuse me." Cory then points out that the house is not really Troy's but rather is Gabriel's. The two men fight, trying to hit one another with a baseball bat. Troy didn't say so, but it was "strike three." Troy wins and expels Cory, and tells him to provide for himself.

The next scene is set seven years later, at Troy's funeral. Cory returns, now a Marine. At first he refuses to come to Troy's funeral, but after Rose admonishes his rebellion and after he and Raynell sing an old song of Troy's, he concedes. Gabriel comes and tries to open the gates of heaven, by blowing on his horn. This fails, and the gates only open when Gabriel does a traditional African dance. The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ... The term African dance refers mainly to the dances of subsaharan and West Africa. ...

External link

  Results from FactBites:
Fences - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (813 words)
Fences is a play by August Wilson; it was his second play to go to Broadway.
The play is set after the Korean War and before the Vietnam War, from 1957 to 1965.
Troy allows Cory to play football only on the condition that Cory keep his after-school job at the AandP supermarket.
Jennifer Berlin (3499 words)
Fences can be viewed as a family play, it can also be viewed as a work specifically of the fl man's place, or plight, in a predominantly white world.
Fences is a play about life, and an extended metaphor Wilson uses to show the disintegrating relationships between Troy and Cory and Troy and Rose.
Fences is a political play not only because the characters are the seldom portrayed fl race, but also because of the time period this piece was set in, the 50's; a time when major political changes were occurring for colored people.
  More results at FactBites »



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