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Encyclopedia > Femoral artery
Artery: Femoral artery
Structures passing behind the inguinal ligament. (Femoral artery labeled at upper right.)
Femoral artery and its major branches - right thigh, anterior view.
Latin arteria femoralis
Gray's subject #157 623
Supplies anterior compartment of thigh
Source external iliac artery   
Branches Superficial epigastric artery
Superficial iliac circumflex
Superficial external pudendal
Deep external pudendal
Deep femoral artery
Vein femoral vein
MeSH Femoral+Artery
/ Elsevier

The femoral artery is a large artery in the muscles of the thigh. Image File history File links Gray546. ... The inguinal ligament is a band running from the pubic tubercle to the anterior superior iliac spine. ... Image File history File links Femoral_artery_and_branches. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... The anterior fascial compartment of thigh contains the knee extensors and hip flexors: sartorius (the longest muscle in the human body) quadriceps (rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius, vastus medialis) articularis genu. ... The external iliac arteries are large arteries that connect the femoral arteries to the common iliac arteries. ... The superficial epigastric artery arises from the front of the femoral artery about 1 cm below the inguinal ligament, and, passing through the femoral sheath and the fascia cribrosa, turns upward in front of the inguinal ligament, and ascends between the two layers of the superficial fascia of the abdominal... The superficial iliac circumflex artery (or superficial circumflex iliac), the smallest of the cutaneous branches of the femoral artery, arises close to the superficial epigastric artery, and, piercing the fascia lata, runs lateralward, parallel with the inguinal ligament, as far as the crest of the ilium; it divides into branches... The superficial external pudendal artery (superficial external pudic artery) arises from the medial side of the femoral artery, close to the preceding vessels, and, after piercing the femoral sheath and fascia cribrosa, courses medialward, across the spermatic cord (or round ligament in the female), to be distributed to the integument... The deep external pudendal artery (deep external pudic artery), more deeply seated than the superficial external pudendal artery, passes medialward across the Pectineus and the Adductor longus muscles; it is covered by the fascia lata, which it pierces at the medial side of the thigh, and is distributed, in the... The profunda femoris artery, femoral artery and their major branches - right thigh, anterior view. ... Grays Fig. ... Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is a huge controlled vocabulary (or metadata system) for the purpose of indexing journal articles and books in the life sciences. ... Elseviers logo. ... For other uses, see Artery (disambiguation). ... In humans the thigh is the area between the pelvis and buttocks and the knee. ...


Clinical significance

The femoral artery pulse can be palpated at the femoral triangle. For other uses, see Pulse (disambiguation). ... Look up palpation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The femoral triangle (of Scarpa) is an anatomical region of the upper inner human thigh. ...

Use of the term superficial femoral artery

Some specialist physicians (e.g. radiologists, vascular surgeons) call the femoral artery the superficial femoral artery after the profunda femoris artery branch point (to differentiate the femoral artery segments before and after the branch point). This term, historically, has not been used by anatomists and has fallen out of favour with most physicians because it has led to considerable confusion with its accompanying vein, the femoral vein, which if called superficial femoral vein might incorrectly be assumed to be a superficial vein, as opposed to a deep vein. (See article on femoral vein for more detailed discussion.) The word physician should not be confused with physicist, which means a scientist in the area of physics. ... Radiology is the branch of medical science dealing with the medical use of x-ray machines or other such radiation devices. ... Vascular surgery is the branch of surgery that occupies itself with surgical interventions of arteries and veins, as well as conservative therapies for disease of the peripheral vascular system. ... Grays Fig. ... Superficial vein is a term used to describe a vein that is close to the surface of the body. ... Deep vein is a term used to describe a vein that is deep in the body. ... Grays Fig. ...

Additional images

External links

In human anatomy, the dorsalis pedis artery (dorsal artery of foot), is a blood vessel of the lower limb that carries oxygenated blood to the dorsal surface of the foot. ... The medial tarsal arteries are two or three small branches which ramify on the medial border of the foot and join the medial malleolar net-work. ... The lateral tarsal artery (tarsal artery) arises from the dorsalis pedis, as that vessel crosses the navicular bone; it passes in an arched direction lateralward, lying upon the tarsal bones, and covered by the Extensor digitorum brevis; it supplies this muscle and the articulations of the tarsus, and anastomoses with... Arteries of the lower limb - posterior view. ... The circumflex fibular artery is a branch of the posterior tibial artery which supplies blood to the knee. ... In anatomy, the fibular artery (also known as the peroneal artery) is a branch of posterior tibial artery that carries blood into the lateral compartment of the leg. ... The medial plantar artery (internal plantar artery), much smaller than the lateral, passes forward along the medial side of the foot. ... The lateral plantar artery (external plantar artery), much larger than the medial, passes obliquely lateralward and forward to the base of the fifth metatarsal bone. ... The arcuate artery of the foot (metatarsal artery) arises a little anterior to the lateral tarsal artery; it passes lateralward, over the bases of the metatarsal bones, beneath the tendons of the Extensor digitorum brevis, its direction being influenced by its point of origin; and its anastomoses with the lateral... The arcuate artery of the foot gives off the second, third, and fourth dorsal metatarsal arteries, which run forward upon the corresponding Interossei dorsales; in the clefts between the toes, each divides into two dorsal digital branches for the adjoining toes. ... The first dorsal metatarsal artery runs forward on the first Interosseous dorsalis, and at the cleft between the first and second toes divides into two branches, one of which passes beneath the tendon of the Extensor hallucis longus, and is distributed to the medial border of the great toe; the... The deep plantar artery (ramus plantaris profundus; communicating artery) descends into the sole of the foot, between the two heads of the first Interosseous dorsalis, and unites with the termination of the lateral plantar artery, to complete the plantar arch. ... The lateral plantar artery turns medialward to the interval between the bases of the first and second metatarsal bones, where it unites with the deep plantar branch of the dorsalis pedis artery, thus completing the plantar arch (or deep plantar arch). ... The Plantar Metatarsal Arteries (digital branches) are four in number, and run forward between the metatarsal bones and in contact with the Interossei. ...

  Results from FactBites:
VI. The Arteries. 6. The Arteries of the Lower Extremity. Gray, Henry. 1918. Anatomy of the Human Body. (2386 words)
In the upper third of the thigh the femoral artery is contained in the femoral triangle (Scarpa’s triangle), and in the middle third of the thigh, in the adductor canal (Hunter’s canal).
The artery is separated from the capsule of the hip-joint by the tendon of the Psoas major, from the Pectineus by the femoral vein and profunda vessels, and from the Adductor longus by the femoral vein.
It is accompanied by the branch of the femoral nerve to the Vastus lateralis.
Anterolateral Thigh (1267 words)
This branch arises from the profunda femoral trunk.
The lateral femoral circumflex artery distributes both ascending and descending branches, the latter supplying the perforators to the anterolateral thigh flap.
The ascending branch likewise is divided and the flap is isolated on the lateral femoral circumflex vessels.
  More results at FactBites »



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