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Encyclopedia > Female suicide bomber

Though the majority of suicide bombers were and are male, female suicide bombers have carried out a number of attacks since 1985. A suicide bombing is an attack using a bomb in which the individual(s) carrying the explosive materials composing the bomb intend(s) and expect(s) to die upon detonation (see suicide). ... This article is about the year. ...


The first known suicide attack by a woman was carried out in Lebanon on April 9, 1985. Sanaa Mouhaydly, a member of the Syrian Social Nationalist Party (SSNP), detonated an explosive-laden vehicle, which killed two IDF soldiers and injured two more. Since then, female suicide bombers have been employed in several conflicts, by a variety of organizations, against both military and civilian targets: April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... SSNP flag The Syrian Social Nationalist Party (SSNP, Arabic: al-Hizb al-Suri al-Qawmi al-Ijtimai, often referred to in French as Parti Populaire Syrien) is a nationalist political party in Syria and Lebanon. ... The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: צבא ההגנה לישראל ▶ (help· info), [Army] Force for the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels armed forces, comprising the Israeli army, Israeli air force and Israeli navy. ...

Contents

Tamil Tigers emblem The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) (Tamil: தமிழீழ விடுதலைப் புலிகள், Thamileela Vidutalaip Pulikal), also known as the Tamil Tigers, is a guerrilla organisation fighting to establish an independent Tamil state, to be called Tamil Eelam, in the north-east of Sri Lanka. ... Thenmuli Rajaratnam was the assassin who killed Rajiv Gandhi, herself, and 16 others in a suicide bombing on May 21, 1991, in the Indian town of Sriperumbudur, near Madras. ... The Prime Minister of India is, in practice, the most powerful person in the government of India. ... Rajiv Gandhi (राजीव गान्धी) (August 20, 1944 – May 21, 1991), the first son of Indira and Feroze Gandhi, was the 6th Prime Minister of India (and the 3rd from their family) from his mothers death on October 31, 1984 until his resignation on December 2, 1989 following a general election defeat. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article covers the Chechen people as an ethnic group. ... For the spider see Black widow spider. ... Capital Grozny Area - total - % water 78th - 15,500 km² - negligible Population - Total - Density 49th - est. ... The Moscow theatre hostage crisis was the October 23, 2002 seizure of a crowded Moscow theatre by Chechen terrorists, who took over 700 hostages and demanded the withdrawal of Russian forces from Chechnya. ... For the civil conflict of 1958, see Lebanon crisis of 1958. ... The South Lebanon Army (SLA), also South Lebanese Army, was a Lebanese militia formed in the late 1970s. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... The al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades (كتائب شهداء الأقصى) are a Palestinian militia closely linked to the Fatah party. ... The emblem of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad shows a map of the land they claim as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip) superimposed on the images of the Dome of the Rock, two fists and two rifles. ... The Hamas emblem shows two crossed swords, the Dome of the Rock, and a map of the land claimed as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ... Iraqi militants celebrating orders that the surrounding Coalition forces were given to stand-down. ... The Kurdistan Workers Party (Kurdish: Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan or PKK), also known as KADEK and Kongra-Gel, is a terrorist organization, dedicated to creating an independent Kurdish state in a territory (sometimes referenced as Kurdistan) that consists of parts of southeastern Turkey, northeastern Iraq, northeastern Syria and northwestern Iran. ... Turkish Armed Forces (Turkish: Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri TSK) consists of the Army, Navy (includes Naval Air and Naval Infantry) and Air Force. ... In anatomy, the abdomen is a part of the body; in humans, it is the region between the thorax and the pelvis. ... Pregnancy Pregnancy is the carrying of one or more embryos or fetuses by female mammals, including humans, inside their bodies. ...


Palestinian bombers

Some argue that the increasing prevalence of female suicide bombers in the Intifada is a sign of the rising status of women in Arab culture. Some argue that the desire to become a martyr stems from the marginalization of women in Arab society. The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ʻarab) are a large and heterogeneous ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa, originating in the Arabian Peninsula of southwest Asia. ... Historically, a martyr is a person who dies for their religious faith, such as during the persecution of early Christians in the Roman Empire. ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ʻarab) are a large and heterogeneous ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa, originating in the Arabian Peninsula of southwest Asia. ...


Though Islam forbids women (and men) to commit suicide bombings, militant organizations (including fundamentalist Muslim ones) have used women to carry out suicide bombings because they draw less suspicion than men and go through less rigorous security checks. For example: while a man can be checked to see if he's carrying an explosive belt by simply lifting his shirt, ordering a woman to do so contradicts Jewish norms of modesty and will cause outrage among conservative Muslims. Israeli security procedures practice is that a suspected woman is to be checked by a female soldier in a screened off area. Islam (Arabic: ; ( ▶ (help· info)), the peaceful submission to the will of God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Security is being free from danger. ... An explosive belt (also called suicide belt or shaheed belt) is a vest packed with explosives (and often also with nails, screws, bolts and other objects to serve as shrapnel to maximize the number of casualties) and a detonator that is worn by suicide bombers. ...


On the same day Darine Abu Aisha committed a suicide bombing, Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, the former religious leader of Islamist militant group Hamas, issued a fatwa, or religious rule, that gave permission to women to participate in suicide attacks as well as listing the rewards in "Paradise" that these female martyrs would receive upon their deaths. He also promised Hamas will send many female suicide bombers in order to strike Israelis. Sheikh Ahmed Ismail Yassin (~1937 — March 22, 2004) was the leader of Hamas until he was killed by an Israeli helicopter gunship. ... Islamism is a political ideology derived from the conservative religious views of Muslim fundamentalism. ... The Hamas emblem shows two crossed swords, the Dome of the Rock, and a map of the land claimed as Palestine (roughly, present-day Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip). ...


Reactions to this in the Islamic world were ambivalent. While many hailed the female suicide bomber and urged full involvement of all in Jihad, some criticized the cruelty of tearing mothers from their children and sending them to explode themselves. One Lebanese reporter mocked Hamas's "manhood" and suggested that Hamas male militants' inability to penetrate Israeli defenses forced Hamas to use women, which is derogatory to Hamas according to traditional Arab values. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


List of female suicide bombers by country

India

Thenmuli Rajaratnam was the assassin who killed Rajiv Gandhi, herself, and 16 others in a suicide bombing on May 21, 1991, in the Indian town of Sriperumbudur, near Madras. ... May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tamil Tigers emblem The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) (Tamil: தமிழீழ விடுதலைப் புலிகள், Thamileela Vidutalaip Pulikal), also known as the Tamil Tigers, is a guerrilla organisation fighting to establish an independent Tamil state, to be called Tamil Eelam, in the north-east of Sri Lanka. ... The Prime Minister of India is, in practice, the most powerful person in the government of India. ... Rajiv Gandhi (राजीव गान्धी) (August 20, 1944 – May 21, 1991), the first son of Indira and Feroze Gandhi, was the 6th Prime Minister of India (and the 3rd from their family) from his mothers death on October 31, 1984 until his resignation on December 2, 1989 following a general election defeat. ... Chennai (சென்னை in Tamil), formerly known as Madras, is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is Indias fourth largest metropolitan city. ...

Israel and Palestine

Wafa Idris a. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Family Photograph Ayat al-Akhras was a teenage female Palestinian suicide bomber who killed two people on March 29, 2002. ... March 30 is the 89th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (90th in Leap years). ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Andalib Suleiman Takatka was the fourth female suicide bomber who killed six people, seven including herself, and injuring over forty at a bus stop on Jaffa Road outside of the open-air Mahane Yehuda market in Jerusalem on April 12, 2002. ... April 25 is the 115th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (116th in leap years). ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hiba Daraghmeh was 19 years old and became one of the female Palestinian suicide bombers on May 19 2003. ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A photo released by her family Hanadi Tayseer Abdul Malek Jaradat (September 22, 1975 – October 4, 2003), a Palestinian from Jenin, blew herself up in an attack on Saturday, October 4, 2003 in the busy beach restaurant Maxims in the northern Israeli city of Haifa. ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Maxim restaurant suicide bombing occurred on October 4, 2003, when a 29-year-old female Palestinian suicide bomber, Hanadi Jaradat, exploded inside the Maxim restaurant in Haifa. ... Reem El-Reyashi was the first ever female suicide bomber who carried out an attack on the behalf of Palestinian islamist resistance movement Hamas. ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Iraq

April 3 is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 272 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 28 is the 271st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (272nd in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Muriel Degauque (July 19, 1967—November 9, 2005) was a Belgian woman from Charleroi and a convert to Islam. ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Jordan

  • Sajida Mubarak Atrous al-Rishawi, with her husband but her belt failed to detonate - captured by Jordanian authorities, November 9, 2005

Sajida Mubarak Atrous al-Rishawi is an Iraqi terrorist, who apparently took part in the 2005 Amman bombings, but survived when her explosive belt failed to detonate. ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Russia

June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 5 is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 179 days remaining. ... December 9 is the 343rd day (344th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... The Russian airplane bombings of August 2004 was a terrorist attack on two domestic Russian passenger aircraft at around 23:00 on August 24, 2004. ... August 31 is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining, as the final day of August. ...

Chechnya

June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... April 29 is the 119th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (120th in leap years). ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (135th in leap years). ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ...

Sri Lanka

The Tamil Tigers have carried out more suicide bombings than any other organization, and in doing so have employed more women—an estimated 30–40% of their bombers have been female. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Turkey

See Revolutionary People's Liberation Party-Front. Flag of the Revolutionary Peoples Liberation Party/Front The Revolutionary Peoples Liberation Party/Front, (Turkish: Devrimci Halk Kurtuluş Partisi/Cephesi or DHKP/C) was originally formed in 1978 as Revolutionary Left (Turkish: Devrimci Sol or Dev Sol), a splinter faction of Revolutionary Youth (Turkish: Dev Genç). Renamed in...


External links

  • Women Armed for Terror - list of female suicide-bombers.
  • Messengers of Death: Female Suicide Bombers (February 12, 2003) and An Update (March 7, 2004) by Clara Beyler at ICT
  • Mia Bloom, "Mother. Daughter. Sister. Bomber." Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, November/December 2005.

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is a journal concerned with global security issues, especially related to the dangers posed nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction. ...

Further reading

  • Barbara Victor, Army of Roses: Inside the World of Palestinian Women Suicide Bombers. Rodale, 2003.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Female Suicide Bombers (2744 words)
October 4, 2003 A suicide attack was perpetrated in Haifa by a 29-year-old female lawyer in Jenin.
As noted in “Messengers of Death: female suicide bombers,” women have channeled the frustration stemming from their role in society into ruthless behavior.
According to Israeli sources, female suicide bomber Jaradat was approached by the PIJ during the period of mourning for her brother and her cousin.
Asia Times - Asia's most trusted news source for the Middle East (1577 words)
Indeed, the glorification of dead suicide bombers and their glorification as part of the martyrs' cult indicate the support that the phenomenon of suicide bombing has among the Palestinian people.
Advertisements in newspapers that announce the death of a suicide bomber extend an invitation to the public for the funeral.
For an army that is trained to occupy territory and defend it, the suicide bomber is a complex enemy to fight.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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