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Encyclopedia > Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons

Fellows of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS) is a professional qualification for practicing as a consultant surgeon. It is bestowed by the Royal College of Surgeons of England, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (chartered 1784), and Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (chartered 1505), though strictly the unqualified initials refer to the London College. It is now divided by speciality - for instance an FRCS (Orth) being an Orthopaedic surgeon. It has been suggested that Certification (software engineering) be merged into this article or section. ... The Royal College of Surgeons of England is an independent professional body committed to promoting and advancing the highest standards of surgical care for patients. ... The Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI) is a Dublin based medical college, situated on the corner of St. ... The Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, a centre of excellence for surgical education and research traces its origins to 1505 when the Barber Surgeons of Edinburgh were formally incorporated as a Craft Guild of Edinburgh, and granted a royal charter in 1506 by King James IV of Scotland. ... Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics (BE: orthopaedics) is the branch of surgery concerned with acute, chronic, traumatic and recurrent injuries and other disorders of the locomotor system, its musclular and bone parts. ...

Mr Surgeon

Holders of FRCS (and Membership - MRCS) qualifications lose their title of Doctor, reverting to Mr, Mrs or Miss. This is a hangover from times past when surgeons were not qualified doctors as they are today and were simply skilled tradesmen, amputating limbs or removing bladder stones. Note that in the 1500s, the colleges of Barbers and Surgeons was one and the same, as many people practiced both before surgery became a more skilled and separate profession.

An alternate explanation that has been offered for this is the section of the Hippocratic Oath that runs "I will prescribe regimens for the good of my patients according to my ability and my judgement and never do harm to anyone," - surgery by its implicit nature does harm to the patient, so the surgeon was not considered worthy of the title doctor. Again, this is an ancient practice, that has remained to this day even though it has no real grounding.

It is also important to recall that the use of Mr. as a courtesy title for all men is a relatively recent invention, and implied a larger degree of status in past years than at present. Compare Esquire. Esquire (abbreviated Esq. ...



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