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Encyclopedia > Felix von Luckner
The young Felix von Luckner, a German war hero noted for his long voyage on the Sea Eagle during which he captured 14 enemy ships.

Graf (Count) Felix von Luckner (born Dresden, Germany, 9 June 1881, died Malmö, Sweden, 13 April 1966) was a German nobleman, navy officer, author and noted sailor who earned the epithet Der Seeteufel (the Sea-Devil) -- and his crew that of Die Piraten des Kaisers (the Emperor's Pirates) -- for his exploits in command of the sailing commerce raider SMS Seeadler (Sea Eagle) in 1916-1917. Image File history File links Luckner. ... Image File history File links Luckner. ... Dresden (Sorbian: Drježdźany; etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest) is the capital city of the German Federal State of Saxony and situated in a valley on the River Elbe. ... June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. ... 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... View over Malmö IPA: /málmø:/ is the third largest city in Sweden, situated in the southernmost province of SkÃ¥ne. ... April 13 is the 103rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (104th in leap years). ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Commerce raiding or guerre de course is a naval strategy of attacking an opponents commercial shipping rather than contending for control of the seas with its naval forces. ... SMS Seeadler was a three-master windjammer (1916 to 1917). ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...


It was his habit of successfully waging war without any casualties that made him a hero and a legend on both sides. There was only one accidental death during his voyage.


He was the great-grandson of Nicolaus von Luckner, Marshal of France and commander-in-chief of the French Army of the Rhine, who had been elevated to count in the 18th century by the King of Denmark. Niklaus, Count Luckner ( 1722 - 1794), Marshal of France, originated in Cham in eastern Bavaria, and joined the French military in 1763. ... The Marshal of France (maréchal de France) was one of the Great Officers of the Crown of France. ... This is a list of Danish monarchs, that is, the Kings and ruling Queen of Denmark, including Regents of the Kalmar Union. ...


He was married twice, firstly to Petra (née Schultz) with whom he had a daughter, Inge-Maria, born in 1913, and secondly to Ingeborg (née Engeström). The French word née (feminine) or né (masculine) (or the English word nee) is still commonly used in some newspapers when mentioning the maiden name of a woman in engagement or wedding announcements. ...

Contents


Early life

First journey

At the age of thirteen, Luckner ran away from home to see Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show. He signed up, under the assumed name of "Phylax Lüdecke", as an unpaid cabin boy on the Russian sailing ship Niobe travelling between Hamburg (Germany) and Australia. His story might have ended there, since the Russian Captain refused to turn the ship around just to pick Felix up out of the water when he fell overboard in the middle of the ocean. The Chief Mate negotiated the costly delay of turning the ship around by pointing a harpoon directly at the captain. A huge albatross swooped down and seized Luckner’s hand in its beak but Luckner grabbed a leg of the albatross. Although pecked severely, he hung on for his life. The flapping of the huge wings and the gathering of other birds gave the crew of the lifeboat a point to aim at in his rescue. Buffalo Bill Cody Buffalo Bill (February 26, 1846 – January 10, 1917) was an American soldier, buffalo hunter and showman. ... Hamburgs motto: May the posterity endeavour with dignity to conserve the freedom, which the forefathers acquired. ... The head of the deck department on a merchant vessel, second in command after the ships Master (the Captain). ...


Jack-of-all-trades

Arriving at Fremantle, Western Australia, he jumped ship and for seven years followed a bewildering array of occupations: seller of the Salvation Army's War Cry, assistant lighthouse keeper (having to abandon the job when discovered with his hotel keeper's daughter by her father!), kangaroo hunter, circus worker, professional boxer due to his exceptional strength, fisherman, seaman, a guard in the Mexican army for President Díaz, railway construction worker, barman, and tavern keeper. He served a short time in a Chilean jail accused of stealing pigs, suffered broken legs twice, and was thrown out of hospital in Jamaica for lack of money. Fremantle Town Hall Fremantle (, ) is a city located within the Perth metropolitan area on Australias western coast, at the mouth of the Swan River, 19 kilometres southwest of Perths Central Business District. ... Shield of The Salvation Army The Salvation Army is a Protestant evangelical Christian denomination founded in 1865 by Methodist ministers William Booth and Catherine Booth. ... Term of office: 29 November 1876 to 30 November 1880 (first term) – 1 December 1884 to 1910 (second term) Preceded by: Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada (1876), Manuel González (1884) Succeeded by: Manuel González (1880), Francisco León de la Barra interim (1911) Date of birth: 15 September...


Luckner was also an accomplished magician – Kaiser Wilhelm was fascinated by his tricks and frequently invited Luckner aboard his yacht to entertain important dignitaries. German Emperor Wilhelm (born Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albrecht, Prince of Prussia 27 January 1859–4 June 1941), was the last German Emperor and King of Prussia (de: Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen), ruling from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918. ...


Back in Germany

At the age of twenty he entered a German navigation training school, where he passed the examinations for his mate's commission. By 1908 he had joined the Hamburg-Südamerikanisch Line steamer Petropolis, intending to serve for nine months before volunteering to serve in the Imperial Navy for a year, to obtain a naval commission. He had vowed not to return to his family except in uniform and was eventually welcomed back by his family, who had given him up for lost. He was finally called up by the Navy in February 1912 and served on the gunboat SMS Panther. The Kaiserliche Marine or Imperial Navy was the German Navy created by the formation of the German Empire and existed between 1871 and 1919; it grew out of the Prussian Navy and the Norddeutsche Bundesmarine. ... The SMS Panther was a gunboat of the Kaiserliche Marine. ...


World War I

In the early part of the war, Felix von Luckner saw action at the Battle of Heligoland Bight, and during the Battle of Jutland he commanded a gun turret aboard the battleship Kronprinz Wilhelm. Battle of Heligoland Bight - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ... Combatants United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland German Empire Commanders Sir John Jellicoe, Sir David Beatty Reinhard Scheer, Franz von Hipper Strength 28 battleships, 9 battlecruisers, 8 armoured cruisers, 26 light cruisers, 78 destroyers 16 battleships, 5 battlecruisers, 6 pre-dreadnoughts, 11 light cruisers, 61 torpedo-boats Casualties 6... SMS Kronprinz Wilhelm (His Majestys Ship Crown Prince William) was a König class battleship in service with the German Imperial Navy during World War I. She was originally named SMS Kronprinz, but became the second ship to take the name Kronprinz Wilhelm when the Hilfkreuzer Kronprinz Wilhelm, an...


At the beginning of the First World War, Germany converted a considerable number of merchant ships into merchant raiders by equipping them with guns and sending them in search of Allied merchant shipping. Most of the armed raiders were not particularly successful, but they did tie up considerable Allied forces in hunting them. By early 1915, most of the armed raiders had either been hunted down and sunk or had run out of fuel and been interned in neutral ports. Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russian Empire United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Ferdinand Foch Nicholas II Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Reinhard Scheer Franz Josef I Oskar Potiorek Ä°smail Enver Ferdinand I Casualties Military dead: 5,520... Merchant raiders are ships which disguise themselves as noncombatant merchant vessels, whilst actually being armed and intending to atttack enemy vessels. ...

SMS Seeadler, the three-masted windjammer that raided the Atlantic and Pacific in an age of dreadnoughts
SMS Seeadler, the three-masted windjammer that raided the Atlantic and Pacific in an age of dreadnoughts

Hoping to revive commerce raiding, the Imperial Navy equipped the impounded three-masted sailing ship Pass of Balmaha (1571 tons) with two 105 mm guns hidden behind hinged gunwales, several machine guns, and two carefully hidden 500 HP auxiliary engines. She was commissioned as the auxiliary cruiser Seeadler (Sea Eagle). As virtually the only officer in the German Navy with extensive experience of large sailing ships, Luckner was appointed her commander. Image File history File links SMSSeeadlerFront. ... Image File history File links SMSSeeadlerFront. ... SMS Seeadler was a three-master windjammer (1916 to 1917). ...


The Voyage of Seeadler

Raider

Seeadler left port on 21 December 1916 and managed to slip through the British blockade disguised as the Norwegian ship Irma (many of the crew of 6 officers and 57 men were selected for the ability to speak Norwegian, including Felix, in case they were intercepted by the British). By Christmas Day she was southwest of Greenland, when she encountered the British armed merchant cruiser Avenger. Avenger put an inspection party aboard "Irma" and all went well. SMS Seeadler was a three-master windjammer (1916 to 1917). ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


On 9 January 1917 Seeadler came upon a single-funneled steamer. She raised a signal requesting a time signal (not an uncommon thing for a sailing ship long out of contact with land to do), and too late for evasive action, raised the German ensign. Three shots were needed to persuade the 3,268 ton Gladys Royle, carrying coal from Cardiff to Buenos Aires, to stop. Her crew was taken off unharmed, and she was scuttled. January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Cardiff (Welsh: ) is the capital of Wales and its largest city. ... Buenos Aires (English: Fair Winds; originally Ciudad de la Santísima Trinidad y Puerto de Santa María de los Buenos Aires, City of the Holy Trinity and Port of Saint Mary of the Fair Winds) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, and one of...


On 10 January 1917 Seeadler encountered another steamship which refused to identify itself. The German ensign was raised and a shot fired across the bow of the Lundy Island, carrying sugar from Madagascar. The steamer still refused to stop, and four shots were fired directly at her. The steamer hove to and lowered its boats, but its captain ignored an order to come to Seeadler. A German boarding party was sent over and discovered that the crew had abandoned ship when the first shots were fired, leaving the captain alone. Later, Captain Bannister told Luckner that he had previously been captured by a German raider, and had given his parole which he had broken; thus he was not anxious to be a prisoner of war again. Luckner continued his voyage southwards, and by 21 January he was in mid-Atlantic between Brazil and West Africa when he found the 2,199 ton French three-masted barque Charles Gounod, loaded with corn. Charles Gounod was quickly despatched, but her log book recorded information about other ships she had met and their intended route. January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... January 21 is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Atlantic Ocean is the second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of the earths surface. ...

The ensign von Luckner would raise on the Seeadler to convey hostile intent is now on display at the Auckland War Memorial Museum.
The ensign von Luckner would raise on the Seeadler to convey hostile intent is now on display at the Auckland War Memorial Museum.

On 24 January the small 364-ton Canadian schooner Perce was met and sunk by machine gun fire, after taking off the crew and the captain's new bride. The 3,071 ton French four-masted Antonin, loaded with Chilean saltpetre, was overhauled on 3 February and soon scuttled. On 9 February the 1,811 ton Italian Buenos Ayres, also carrying saltpetre, was sunk. On 19 February a four-masted barque was spotted, which immediately piled on sail in an effort to get away; however, Seeadlers engines allowed her to overhaul the 2,431 ton British grain-carrying Pinmore. By coincidence, von Luckner had sailed on Pinmore in his civilian sailing days, back in 1902. Luckner took Pinmore into Rio de Janeiro in order to get more supplies, before eventually scuttling her. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1728x2304, 3457 KB) Summary The German ensign used by Felix von Luckners Seeadler, on display at the Auckland War Memorial Museum, photographed by DONeil. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1728x2304, 3457 KB) Summary The German ensign used by Felix von Luckners Seeadler, on display at the Auckland War Memorial Museum, photographed by DONeil. ... Auckland War Memorial Museum The Auckland War Memorial Museum is one of New Zealands most important national museums and war memorials. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Saltpeter is variously: potassium nitrate (niter); or sodium nitrate (soda niter) ... February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Flag Seal Location Location of Rio de Janeiro Coordinates , Government Country Region State Brazil Southeast Rio de Janeiro Mayor Cesar Maia (PFL) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,260 km² Population     City (2005) 5,613,000 [1]     Density   4. ...


The next ship to be stopped was the Danish barque Viking, but as there was nothing unusual about its cargo the neutral ship was allowed to proceed unmolested.


On the morning of 26 February the 1,953 ton British barque British Yeoman, carrying a welcome cargo including chickens and pigs, was stopped and sunk, and the same evening the French four-master Le Rochfoucauld fell victim to the Seeadler. The boarding party discovered that Le Rochfoucauld had only recently been stopped by a British cruiser which was looking for Seeadler. February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


On the evening of 5 March, Seeadler discovered a four-masted barque in the moonlight and signalled "Stop immediately! German Cruiser". Bizarrely, the captain of the 2,206 ton French ship Dupleix rowed across to Seeadler, convinced that another French captain was playing a practical joke on him. He was soon disabused of the idea when his ship was scuttled. Seeadlers next victim on 10 March was asked for the time, but ignored the signal. Luckner ordered a smoke generator to be lit, and the 3,609 ton Horngarth turned back to render assistance to the 'burning' sailing ship. A single shot put the British ship's radio out of commission, and this resulted in the only loss of life in the Seeadler 's voyage. A British sailor, Douglas Page, was unfortunately killed by a steam pipe ruptured by the shot. Horngarth was soon scuttled by Seeadlers now experienced crew. March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (65th in leap years). ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (70th in leap years). ...


By this time Luckner had the problem of feeding and keeping safe nearly 300 prisoners, in addition to his own crew. Consequently, when on 20 March the French four-masted barque Cambronne was captured, Luckner arranged for the ship's top gallant mast and additional spars and sails to be removed, before putting his prisoners aboard Cambronne under the command of Captain Mullen of Pinmore. The much-reduced rigging on Cambronne ensured that Seeadler would be able to make good its escape before its location could be reported to the hunting ships. March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ...


The Royal Navy was well aware of Seeadler's general location and set a trap consisting of the armed merchant cruiser Otranto and the armored cruisers Lancaster and Orbita(?) at Cape Horn. However, a severe storm blew Seeadler considerably further south, before she entered the Pacific Ocean on 18 April and sailed north along the Chilean coast. By early June, Seeadler was east of Christmas Island and learned that the United States had entered the war. Seeadler turned her attention to American shipping, sinking the 529 ton A B Johnson of San Francisco on 14 June, the 673 ton R C Slade the next day, and the schooner Manila on 8 July. By this time Seeadler needed to be laid up so that her hull could be scraped clean. She put into the small island of Mopelia, a coral atoll some 10 km in diameter in the Society Islands, some 450 km from Tahiti. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... Cape Horn from the South. ... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ... July 8 is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 176 days remaining. ... The Society Islands (French: Îles de la Société or offically Archipel de la Société) are a group of islands in the south Pacific, administratively part of French Polynesia. ...


The wreck of Seeadler

Seeadler was too large to enter the sheltered lagoon of Mopelia, and consequently had to anchor outside the reef. On 24 August, disaster struck. According to Luckner, the ship was struck by a tsunami which wrecked Seeadler on the reef. Howver, some American prisoners alleged that the ship drifted aground while the prisoners and most of the crew were having a picnic on the island. August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... The tsunami that struck Malé in the Maldives on December 26, 2004. ...


The crew and their 46 prisoners were now stranded on Mopelia, but they managed to salvage provisions, firearms, and two of the ships' boats.


Hide and seek

Luckner decided to sail with five of his men in one of the 10 metre long open boats, rigged as a sloop and named Kronprinzessin Cecilie. Ever the optimist, he intended to sail to Fiji via the Cook Islands, capture a sailing ship, return to Mopelia for his crew and prisoners, and resume raiding.


Three days after leaving Mopelia, they reached Aitu Island in the Cook Islands group, where they pretended to be Dutch-American seamen crossing the Pacific for a bet. The New Zealand Resident, the administrator of the island, gave them enough supplies to reach another island in the group, Aitutaki, where they posed as Norwegians. The New Zealand Resident in Aitutaki was suspicious but had no means of detaining the group, and von Luckner quickly took his party to the island of Rarotonga. Approaching Rarotonga in the dark, Luckner saw a dark ship which he thought was an auxiliary cruiser, but in fact was a beached ship. Luckner pressed on to the Fijian island of Wakaya, arriving after a voyage of 3,700 km in an open boat. Most people on Wakaya accepted their story of being shipwrecked Norwegians, but one sceptic called a party of police from the old Fijian capital of Levuka. On 21 September the police bluffed that the non-existent gun on the inter-island ferry Amra would blow Luckner out of the water. Not wishing to cause bloodshed, and not realizing that the police were unarmed, Luckner and his party surrendered and were confined in a Prisoner of War camp on Motuihe Island, off Auckland, New Zealand. In Polynesian mythology, the Aitu are a group of lesser gods, many being patrons of specific villages and familes. ... Aitutaki is one of the Cook Islands, north of Rarotonga. ... Rarotonga Island from space, September 1994 A picture taken in Rarotonga. ... Wakaya is a privately owned island in Fijis Lomaiviti archipelago. ... Beach Street, Levuka, Fiji Levuka is a town on the south-east coast of the Fijian island of Ovalau, in Lomaiviti Province, in the Eastern Division of Fiji, of which it is the capital. ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... Motuihe Island lies between Motutapu and Waiheke islands in the Hauraki Gulf of New Zealand. ... Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest urban area in New Zealand. ...


Meanwhile, back on Mopelia, a small French trading ship Lutece anchored outside the reef. Leutnant Kling of Seeadler, having heard of his captain's capture on the radio, sailed out to Lutece and captured it at gunpoint. The French crew was put ashore with the other prisoners, and all the Germans embarked on the ship, now renamed Fortuna, and set course for South America. The master of A B Johnson, Captain Smith, then took the remaining open boat from Mopelia with three other American seamen, and sailed 1,600 km to Pago Pago, arriving on 4 October, where they were finally able to inform the authorities of the activities of Seeadler and arrange for the rescue of the other 44 sailors still stranded on Mopelia. Pago Pago, pronounced PAHNG-oh PAHNG-oh, is the capital of American Samoa, a territory of the United States of America. ... October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


The Fortuna, meanwhile, came to grief when she struck uncharted rocks off Easter Island. The crew scrambled ashore, where they were interned by the Chileans for the remainder of the war. City motto: ( Rapa Nui ) Also called Te Pito O Te Henua (Ombligo del mundo) (Navel of the world) Discovered by Europeans April 5, 1722 by Jakob Roggeveen Capital Hanga Roa Area  - City Proper  163,6 km² Population  - City (2005)  - Density (city proper) 3. ...


Escape

Luckner still refused to accept that the war was over for him. The commander of the PoW camp at Motuihe had a fast motor boat, Pearl, at his disposal, and on 13 December 1917 Luckner, in the POW camp faked setting up a play for christmas with his men and used his provisions for the play to plan his excape. Luckner and a number of other prisoners seized Pearl and made for the Coromandel Peninsula. Using a machine gun, he then seized the 90 ton scow Moa and sailed for the Kermadec Islands,which was a New Zealand provision island with larger ships anchored there. A pursuing auxillary ship, Iris, had guessed his probable destination and caught up with him on 21 December. A year after his mission began, the war finally ended for Felix von Luckner. He spent the remainder of the war in various POW camps in New Zealand before being repatriated to Germany in 1919. December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Location of Coromandel Peninsula A true-colour image showing Auckland city (left), the Hauraki Gulf (centre) and the Coromandel Peninsula (right). ... The Kermadec Islands are an island arc in the Pacific Ocean. ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Post War life

At the age of 40, Luckner became a Freemason. He wrote a book of his adventures which became a best-seller in Germany, and an American book about him spread his fame widely. An entertaining speaker, he was widely admired for his seamanship and for having fought his war with minimal loss of life, and many cities in the United States made him an honorary citizen. In 1937 and 1938 he and his wife undertook a round-the-world voyage in his yacht Seeteufel, being welcomed in New Zealand and Australia, though some viewed him as an apologist for the Nazi regime. American Square & Compasses Freemasonry is a worldwide fraternal organization. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


During the Second World War Hitler tried to use him for propaganda purposes, though as a Mason he was not in one of the Nazi's favoured groups of people. Luckner refused to renounce his membership of the Masons or the various honorary citizenships granted in the US, and consequently he suffered by having his bank account frozen. In 1943 he saved the life of a Jewish woman, Rose Janson, whom he provided with a passport he found on a bombsite, and who subsequently managed to escape to the US via a neutral country. At the end of the war, the mayor of Halle where he was living asked him to negotiate the town's surrender to the approaching American forces, which he did, though he did not return to the town after hearing that the Nazis had condemned him to death. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Halle (also called Halle an der Saale in order to distinguish from Halle in North Rhine-Westphalia) is the largest town in the German Bundesland of Saxony-Anhalt. ...


Luckner was extremely strong and was noted for his ability to bend coins between his thumb, index and middle finger of his right hand and to tear up telephone directories (the thickest being that of New York) with his bare hands. On the occasion of his visit to Australia in 1938, the Sydney Labour Daily published a cartoon showing Kaiser Wilhelm tearing up the Belgian Neutrality Pact, Adolf Hitler tearing up another agreement, and Luckner tearing up a directory, with the caption "They All Have The Habit".


After the Second World War, Luckner moved to Sweden, where he lived in Malmö with his Swedish second wife Ingeborg Engeström, until his death in Malmö at the age of 84 in 1966. He is buried in Ohlsdorf Cemetery, Hamburg. Hamburgs motto: May the posterity endeavour with dignity to conserve the freedom, which the forefathers acquired. ...


Writing

Count von Luckner wrote the introduction for Alfred Niezychowski's book The Cruise of the Kronprinz Wilhelm, 1928, published by Doubleday & Company, about the auxiliary cruiser Kronprinz Wilhelm (Note: though she had the same name, this was a different ship than the Kronprinz Wilhelm that Count von Luckner was on during the Battle of Jutland) Lieutenant Alfred Niezychowski aboard the German liner Kronprinz Wilhelm Alfred Niezychowski (1888-1964) was a Polish noble (szlachta), a German Count, an officer in the merchant marine, an author and lecturer, and a Michigan political candidate for public office. ... Auxiliary cruisers were merchant ships taken over for conversion into a vessel armed with cruiser-size guns, and employed either for convoy protection against true cruisers, or for commerce-raiding missions, where its appearance was used to trick merchant ships into approaching. ... This page is about the passenger liner Kronprinz Wilhelm, built in 1901, temporarily converted to a WWI warship in 1914, and broken up in 1923. ... SMS Kronprinz Wilhelm (His Majestys Ship Crown Prince William) was a König class battleship in service with the German Imperial Navy during World War I. She was originally named SMS Kronprinz, but became the second ship to take the name Kronprinz Wilhelm when the Hilfkreuzer Kronprinz Wilhelm, an... Combatants United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland German Empire Commanders Sir John Jellicoe, Sir David Beatty Reinhard Scheer, Franz von Hipper Strength 28 battleships, 9 battlecruisers, 8 armoured cruisers, 26 light cruisers, 78 destroyers 16 battleships, 5 battlecruisers, 6 pre-dreadnoughts, 11 light cruisers, 61 torpedo-boats Casualties 6...


TV series

Between 1973 and 1975 a French-German Co-Production company produced a 39-episode adventure series entitled "Graf Luckner" for the German ARD television network, featuring Luckner as the hero. The French alternate title was "Les Aventures du Capitaine Lückner". Current logo ARD (Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland – the Consortium of public-law broadcasting institutions of the Federal Republic of Germany), is a joint organization of Germanys regional public broadcasting agencies. ...


The Felix Graf von Luckner Society

On 29 March 2004 the society "Felix Graf von Luckner Gesellschaft e. V." was founded in Halle, with the objective of commemorating Luckner's life and work, especially his role in safeguarding the city of Halle during April 1945. The Society also wishes to create a memorial and museum for Luckner in Halle, and to restore Luckners' yacht, Seeteufel, which is currently in a poor condition in Russia. Within a few months of its' creation, the Society had over 100 members in 14 countries. March 29 is the 88th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (89th in Leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Bibliography

  • Bade, James, N. Von Luckner: A Reassessment. Count Felix von Luckner in New Zealand and the South Pacific. 1917-1919-and 1938. Peter Lang GMBH, Frankfurt am Main, 2004.
  • Bromby, Robin, German Raiders of the South Seas, Doubleday. Sydney and Auckland. 1985.
  • Cowan, James, "The Pirate of the Pacific: German Naval Officer's daring Escape from his Prison Island and Recapture in Mid-Ocean," The Wide World Magazine, July 1918. pp. 253-260.
  • Davis, E. H. "The Man Who Met Von Luckner: True Story Of An Encounter With The Seeadler", The World News, 25 June 1938, pp. 7 and 40-41.
  • Frankenstein, Norbert von, "Seeteufel" Felix Graf Luckner: Wahrheit und Legende, Hamburg, SSC-Verlag 1997.
  • Fraser, Eleanor, "Count Felix von Luckner and the ' Pinmore', Sea Breezes 66, 1992, pp. 772-776.
  • Gardiner, Robert (editorial director), Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1906-1921. Conway Maritime Press, London 1985.
  • Henry, Howard, "The Sea Devil came Calling" --- Count von Luckner and his visit to Aitutaki: August/September 1917. Sovereign Pacific Publishing Company, Auckland, 2001.
  • Hoyt, E. P. Sea Eagle (alternative title: Count von Luckner: Knight of the Sea) David McKay Co Inc, New York, NY, 1969.
  • Luckner, Felix von, Aus dem Leben des 'Seeteufels' , edited by Wolfgang Seilkopf, Mitteldeutscher Verlag, Halle. 2000.
  • Luckner, Felix von, Ein Freibeuterleben, Woldni & Lindeke, Dresden, 1938.
  • Luckner, Felix von, Out of an Old Sea Chest, trans. by Edward Fitzgerald, Methuen, London, 1958.
  • Luckner, Felix von, Seeteufel: Abenteuer aus meinem Leben, Koehler, Berlin and Leipzig, 1926. (first published 1921)
  • Luckner, Felix von, Seeteufels Weltfahrt: Alte und neue Abenteuer, Bertelsmann (Gutersloh) 1951.
  • McGill, David, Island of Secrets: Matiu/Somes Island in Wellington Harbour, Steele Roberts & Silver Owl Press, Wellington, 2001.
  • Newbolt, Henry, History of the Great War Based on Official Documents: Naval Operations, Vol IV, Longmans Green and Co, London. 1928.
  • Ruffell, W. "The Search for Von Luckner, Part 1", The Volunteers: New Zealand Military Historical Journal, Vol.5, no.5, pp.14-20.
  • Ruhen, Carl, The Sea Devil: the Controversial Cruise of the Nazi Emissary von Luckner to Australia and New Zealand in 1938. Kangaroo Press, Kenthurst, 1988.
  • Thomas, Lowell, Count Luckner, the Sea Devil, Doubleday, Doran and Co, New York, 1928.
  • Tichener, Paul, The Von Luckner Incident, Lodestar Press, Auckland, 1978.
  • Walter, John, The Kaiser's Pirates, German Surface Raiders in World War One, Arms and Armour Press, London, 1994.
  • Yarwood, Vaughan, The History Makers: Adventures in New Zealand Biography. Random House New Zealand. Auckland, 2002.

June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...

External links

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  • Life as a prisoner of von Luckner, account by Carl Singer, captured on the Moa.
  • What Really Happened to von Luckners' Seeadler in 1917?, James N. Bade, University of Auckland (PDF file).
  • Record of his appearance on This is Your Life US television show, NBC, 4 November 1959.
  • Felix Count von Luckner Society Homepage, Halle, Germany.
  • A fabulous figure emerged from the ruins of Germany last week Newsweek: April 30, 1945.
  • Ahoy - Mackenzie Gregory's weblog containing much information from a long fascination with von Luckner.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Felix von Luckner - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2767 words)
Later, Captain Bannister told Luckner that he had previously been captured by a German raider, and had given his parole which he had broken, thus he was not anxious to be a prisoner of war again.
Luckner continued his voyage southwards, and by 21 January he was in mid-Atlantic between Brazil and West Africa when he found the 2,199 ton French three-masted barque Charles Gounod, loaded with corn.
Luckner was physically very strong and was noted for his ability to bend coins and tear up telephone directories (the thickest being that of New York) with his bare hands.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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