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Encyclopedia > Fedor von Bock
Fedor von Bock
December 3, 1880 - May 4, 1945

Generalfeldmarschall Fedor von Bock
Nickname “Holy Fire of Küstrin”[1]
Place of birth Küstrin, Germany
Place of death Holstein, Germany
Allegiance Germany
Years of service 1898 - 1942
Rank Generalfeldmarschall
Commands Army Group North, 1939
Army Group B, 1940
Army Group Center, 1941
Army Group South, 1942
Battles/wars World War I

World War II
December 3 is the 337th (in leap years the 338th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... May 4 is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Holstein (Hol-shtayn) (Low German: Holsteen, Danish: Holsten, Latin and historical English: Holsatia) is the southern part of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany, between the rivers Elbe and Eider. ... Shoulder boards of a Generalfeldmarschall Generalfeldmarschall ( ▶(?)) (General Field Marshal, usually translated simply as Field Marshal, and sometimes written only as Feldmarschall) was a rank in the armies of several German states, the Holy Roman Empire, and Austrian Empire. ... Army Group North (Heeresgruppe Nord in German) was a high level command grouping of military units operating for Germany during World War II. The army group coordinated the operations of attached army corps, reserve formations, and direct-reporting units. ... Army Group B was the name of three different German Army Groups that saw action during World War II. The first was involved in the western campaign in 1940 in Belgium and the Netherlands which was to be aimed to conquer the Maas bridges after the German airborne actions in... Army Group Centre (Heeresgruppe Mitte in German) was one of three German army formations assigned to the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, code-named Operation Barbarossa. ... Army Group South (Heeresgruppe Süd in German) was a German Army Group during World War II. Germany used two army groups to invade Poland in 1939: Army Group North and Army Group South. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

Awards Pour le Mérite
Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross

Fedor von Bock (December 3, 1880 - May 4, 1945) was an officer in the German military from 1898 to 1942, attaining the rank of Generalfeldmarschall during World War 2. He served as the commander of Army Group North during the Invasion of Poland in 1939, commander of Army Group B during the Invasion of France in 1940, and later as the commander of Army Group Center during the attack on the Soviet Union in 1941; his final command was that of Army Group South in 1942. Polish Defensive War of 1939 Conflict World War II Date 1 September - 6 October 1939 Place Poland Result Decisive German and Soviet victory The Polish September Campaign or Defensive War of 1939 (Polish: Wojna obronna 1939 roku) was the conquest of Poland by the armies of Nazi Germany, the Soviet... Combatants  France  United Kingdom  Canada  Czechoslovakia  Poland  Belgium  Netherlands  Luxembourg Germany Italy Commanders Maurice Gamelin, Maxime Weygand (French) Lord Gort (British Expeditionary Force) Leopold III (Belgian) H.G. Winkelman (Dutch) Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group A) Fedor von Bock (Army Group B) Wilhelm von Leeb (Army Group C) H.R... The current version of this article or section is written in an informal style and with a personally invested tone. ... The eastern front at the time of Operation Typhoon. ... Operation Blue(German: Fall Blau) was the German Wehrmachts codename for the 1942 summer offensive. ... Combatants Germany, Hungary Soviet Union Commanders Hermann Hoth Gusztav Jany Yevgeny Golikov Strength Casualties The Battle of Voronezh was a battle of the Eastern Front of World War II, fought in and around the city of Voronezh on the Don river in June and July 1942. ... Combatants Germany Romania Soviet Union Commanders Erich von Manstein Ivan Petrov Filipp Oktyabrskiy Strength 350,000+ 106,000 Casualties at least 100,000 killed, wounded or captured (Including Romanians) 95,000 captured, 11,000 killed The Battle of Sevastopol was fought from October 30, 1941 to July 4, 1942 between... The Order Pour le Mérite, known informally as the Blue Max (German: Blauer Max), was Prussias highest military order until the end of World War I. The award was a blue-enameled Maltese Cross with eagles between the arms, the Prussian royal cypher, and the French legend Pour... The penultimate expression of the award: the Knights Cross of the Iron Cross with golden Oakleaves, Swords and Diamonds. ... December 3 is the 337th (in leap years the 338th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... May 4 is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... An officer is a member of a military or naval service who holds a position of responsibility. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... rank. ... Shoulder boards of a Generalfeldmarschall Generalfeldmarschall ( â–¶(?)) (General Field Marshal, usually translated simply as Field Marshal, and sometimes written only as Feldmarschall) was a rank in the armies of several German states, the Holy Roman Empire, and Austrian Empire. ... German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives. ... Army Group North (Heeresgruppe Nord in German) was a high level command grouping of military units operating for Germany during World War II. The army group coordinated the operations of attached army corps, reserve formations, and direct-reporting units. ... Polish Defensive War of 1939 Conflict World War II Date 1 September - 6 October 1939 Place Poland Result Decisive German and Soviet victory The Polish September Campaign or Defensive War of 1939 (Polish: Wojna obronna 1939 roku) was the conquest of Poland by the armies of Nazi Germany, the Soviet... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Army Group B was the name of three different German Army Groups that saw action during World War II. The first was involved in the western campaign in 1940 in Belgium and the Netherlands which was to be aimed to conquer the Maas bridges after the German airborne actions in... Combatants France United Kingdom Canada Poland Belgium Netherlands Luxembourg Germany Italy Commanders Maurice Gamelin, Maxime Weygand (French) Lord Gort (British Expeditionary Force) H.G. Winkelman (Dutch) Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group A) Fedor von Bock (Army Group B) Wilhelm von Leeb (Army Group C) H.R.H. Umberto di Savoia... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Army Group Centre (Heeresgruppe Mitte in German) was one of three German army formations assigned to the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, code-named Operation Barbarossa. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Army Group South (Heeresgruppe Süd in German) was a German Army Group during World War II. Germany used two army groups to invade Poland in 1939: Army Group North and Army Group South. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ...


von Bock is best known for commanding Operation Typhoon, the ultimately failed attempt to capture Moscow during the winter of 1941. The Wehrmacht offensive was slowed by stiff Soviet resistance around Mozhaisk, and also by the Rasputitsa, the season of rain and mud in Russia. The soft dirt roads in Russia quickly turned into quagmires, and as a result the pace of the German advance slowed to a crawl. Once the full fury of the Russian winter struck, which was the coldest in over 50 years[2], the German armies quickly became unable to conduct further combat operations, with more casualties occurring due to the cold weather than from battle.[3] The Soviet counteroffensive soon drove the German army into retreat, and von Bock, who recommended an earlier withdrawal, was subsequently relieved of command by Adolf Hitler. The eastern front at the time of Operation Typhoon. ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ... Wehrmacht   (armed forces, literally defence force(s)) was the name of the armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... Soviet redirects here. ... Mozhaysk (Можа́йск) is a town in Moscow Oblast, Russia, 110 km to the west from the Russian capital, on the historic road leading to Smolensk and then to Belarus. ... The rasputitsa (Russian: распу́тица) is the twice annual flooding of Belarus, western Russia and the Ukraine. ... Look up Quagmire in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Hitler redirects here. ...


A lifelong officer in the German military, von Bock was considered to be a very "by the book" general. He also had a reputation for being a fiery lecturer, earning him the nickname “Holy Fire of Küstrin”.[4] Bock was not considered to be a brilliant theoretician, but possessed a strong sense of determination, feeling that the greatest glory that could come to a German soldier was to die on the battlefield for the Fatherland.[5] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... -1... In mathematics, theory is used informally to refer to a body of knowledge about mathematics. ...


He personally despised Nazism, and was not heavily involved in politics. However, he also did not sympathize with plots to overthrow Adolf Hitler, and never filed official protests over the treatment of civilians by the SS. Bock was also uncommonly outspoken, a privilege Hitler extended to him only because he had been successful in battle.[6] National Socialism redirects here. ... Hitler redirects here. ... SS or ss or Ss may be: The Schutzstaffel, a Nazi paramilitary force Steamship (SS) (ship prefix) The United States Secret Service A submarine not powered by nuclear energy (SS) (United States Navy designator), see SSN A Soviet/Russian surface-to-surface missile, as listed by NATO reporting name Shortstop...

Contents

Early life

Fedor von Bock was born in Küstrin, a fortress city on the banks of the Oder River. His full name given at birth was Moritz Albrecht Franz Friedrich Fedor.[7] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Oder River (Czech/Polish: Odra, German: Oder, Ancient Latin: Viadua, Viadrus, Medieval Latin: Odera, Oddera) is a river in Central Europe. ...


He was born into a Prussian Protestant aristocratic family whose military heritage is traceable to the time of the Hohenzollerns. His father, Karl Moritz von Bock, commanded a division in the Franco-Prussian War, and was decorated for bravery at the Battle of Sedan. His great-grandfather served in the armies of Frederick the Great, and his grandfather was an officer in the Prussian Army at Jena. His mother, Olga Helene Fransziska Freifrau von Falkenhayn von Bock, was of both German and Russian aristocratic heritage. von Bock was distantly related to Erich von Falkenhayn. The national name Prussia (in Prussian: Prusa, German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian Prusai, Latin: Prussia or Borussia) was used by a wide variety of political factions during the 2nd millennium. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Aristocracy is a form of government in which rulership is in the hands of an upper class known as aristocrats. ... Aerial view of the castle, Hohenzollern, Germany. ... Combatants Second French Empire North German Confederation allied with south German states (later German Empire) Commanders Napoleon III Otto Von Bismarck, Helmuth von Moltke the Elder Strength 400,000 at the beginning of the war 1,200,000 Casualties 150,000 dead or wounded 284,000 captured 350,000 civilian... Combatants Prussia Bavaria France Commanders Wilhelm I Helmuth von Moltke Napoleon III Patrice MacMahon Auguste-Alexandre Ducrot Strength 200,000 774 cannon 120,000 564 cannon Casualties 2,320 dead 5,980 wounded 700 missing (9,000 total) 3,000 dead 14,000 wounded 21,000 captured 82,000 surrendered... Frederick the Great Frederick II of Prussia (Friedrich der Große, Frederick the Great, January 24, 1712 – August 17, 1786) was the Hohenzollern king of Prussia 1740–86. ... This article is about the German town of Jena. ... Erich von Falkenhayn Chief of the General Staff Erich von Falkenhayn (11 November 1861 - 8 April 1922) was a German soldier and Chief of the General Staff during World War I. Falkenhayn was a career soldier. ...


At the age of eight, von Bock went to Berlin to study at the Potsdam and Gross Lichterfelde Military Academy. The education emphasized Prussian militarism, and he quickly became adept in academic subjects such as modern languages, mathematics, and history. He spoke fluent French, and to a fair degree English and Russian.[8] At an early age, and largely due to his father, von Bock developed an unquestioned loyalty to the state and dedication to the military profession. This upbringing would greatly influence his actions and decisions when he commanded armed forces during the Second World War.[9] At the age of 17, von Bock became an officer candidate in the Imperial Foot Guards Regiment at Potsdam; he received an officer’s commission a year later. He entered service with the rank of Sekondeleutnant.[10] Location of Berlin within Germany / EU Coordinates Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE3 City subdivisions 12 boroughs Governing Mayor Klaus Wowereit (SPD) Governing parties SPD / Left. ... Militarism or militarist ideology is the doctrinal view of a society as being best served (or more efficient) when it is governed or guided by concepts embodied in the culture, doctrine, system, or people of the military. ... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens. ... History studies the past in human terms. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Potsdam is the capital city of the federal state of Brandenburg in Germany. ...


The tall, thin, narrow-shouldered von Bock had a dry and cynical sense of humor; he seldom smiled.[11] His manner was described as being arrogant, ambitious, and opinionated; he approached military bearing with an unbending demeanor.[12] While not a brilliant theoretician, he was a highly determined officer. As one of the highest ranking officers in the Reichswehr, he often addressed graduating cadets at his alma mater. His theme was always that the greatest glory that could come to a German soldier was to die for the Fatherland.[13] He quickly earned the nickname “Holy Fire of Kürstin”.[14] The Reichswehr (help· info) (literally National Defense or Imperial Defense) formed the military organization of Germany from 1919 until 1935, when the government rebranded it as the Wehrmacht (Defence Force). ... Alma mater is Latin for nourishing mother. It was used in ancient Rome as a title for the mother goddess, and in Medieval Christianity for the Virgin Mary. ... Fatherland is the nation of ones fathers or forefathers. ...


In 1905, von Bock married Mally von Reichenbach, a young Prussian noblewoman, whom he had originally met in Berlin.[15] They were married in a traditional military wedding at the Potsdam garrison. They had a daughter, born two years after the marriage. A year later, von Bock attended the War Academy in Berlin, and after a year’s study he joined the ranks of the General Staff. He soon joined the patriotic Army League and become a close associate of other young German officers such as Walther von Brauchitsch, Franz Halder, and Gerd von Rundstedt. In 1908, he was promoted to the rank of Oberleutnant.[16] 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... Walther von Brauchitsch in 1939. ... Franz Halder Franz Ritter Halder (June 30, 1884 – April 2, 1972) was a German General and the head of the Army General Staff from 1938 until September 1942, when he was dismissed after frequent disagreements with Adolf Hitler. ... Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt (December 12, 1875 - February 24, 1953) was a Generalfeldmarschall of the German Army during World War II. He held some of the highest field commands in all phases of the war. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ...


World War I

By the time the First World War began in 1914, Bock was a Hauptmann[17] He was assigned as a divisional staff officer in von Rupprecht’s army group on the Western Front. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Western Front was a term used during the First and Second World Wars to describe the contested armed frontier between lands controlled by Germany to the East and the Allies to the West. ...


He remained in the army after the end of the war, serving as commander of the Third Army Group.


World War II

Invasion of Poland

von Bock was one of the officers not removed from his position when Hitler reorganized the armed forces during the phase of German rearmament before the outbreak of World War II. In military organizations, a commissioned officer is a member of the service who derives authority directly from a sovereign power, and as such holds a commission from that power. ...


By August 25, 1939, Bock was in command of Army Group North in preparation for the invasion and conquest of Poland. The objective of Army Group North was to destroy the Polish forces north of the Weichsel River. Army Group North was comprised of General Georg von Küchler's 3rd Army, and General Günther von Kluge's 4th Army. These struck southward from East Prussia and eastward across the base of the Polish Corridor, respectively. August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Army Group North (Heeresgruppe Nord in German) was a high level command grouping of military units operating for Germany during World War II. The army group coordinated the operations of attached army corps, reserve formations, and direct-reporting units. ... Field Marshal Georg von Küchler Georg Karl Friedrich Wilhelm von Küchler (May 30, 1881 - May 25, 1968) was a German field marshal during World War II. Born in Philippsruhe castle near Hanau, Küchler led the German German Eighteenth Army in 1940 in the invasion of neutral Holland... The German Third Army (German: ) was a German field army that fought during World War I and World War II. // Upon the mobilization Max von Hausen was given command of the Third Army which mainly consisted out of Saxons. ... Hans Günther von Kluge (October 30, 1882–August 19, 1944), was a German military leader. ... Insignia of 4th Army The German Fourth Army (German: ) was a field army that fought in World War II. The Fourth Army was activated on December 1, 1938 with Field Marshal Günther von Kluge in command. ... A Polish map showing the territory known as the Polish Corridor The Polish Corridor was the name given to a strip of territory which was transferred from Germany to Poland by the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. ...


In just five weeks, Poland was overrun by German and Soviet forces. Following the success in Poland, von Bock returned to Berlin to begin preparations for the upcoming campaign in the West.

Fedor von Bock in Paris, 1940.
Fedor von Bock in Paris, 1940.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ...

Invasion of France

Shortly after the conquest of Poland, on October 12, 1939, von Bock was given command of Army Group B, with 29½ divisions, including three armoured divisions. These were tasked with advancing through the Low Countries and luring the northern units of the Allied armies into a pocket. Army Group B consisted of the 18th Army and Sixth Army. October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... Army Group B was the name of three different German Army Groups that saw action during World War II. The first was involved in the western campaign in 1940 in Belgium and the Netherlands which was to be aimed to conquer the Maas bridges after the German airborne actions in... The Low Countries, the historical region of de Nederlanden, are the countries (see Country) on low-lying land around the delta of the Rhine, Scheldt, and Meuse (Maas) rivers. ... The Allies of World War II were the countries officially opposed to the Axis powers during the Second World War. ... The German Eighteenth Army (German: ) was a World War II field army. ... The Sixth Army was a German field army which saw action in World War I and World War II. It is perhaps best known for its involvement in the Battle of Stalingrad. ...


On July 18, 1940, von Bock was promoted to the rank of Generalfeldmarschall during a reception held by Adolf Hitler. For much of the summer of 1940 von Bock alternated his time between his headquarters in Paris and his home in Berlin. At the end of August, Army High Command transferred Army Group B to East Prussia; this included Günther von Kluge’s Fourth Army. On September 11, 1940, von Bock relinquished command of his occupation area in France to Field Marshal Ritter von Leeb. July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... Hans Günther von Kluge (October 30, 1882–August 19, 1944), was a German military leader. ... Insignia of 4th Army The German Fourth Army (German: ) was a field army that fought in World War II. The Fourth Army was activated on December 1, 1938 with Field Marshal Günther von Kluge in command. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb (September 5, 1876 - April 29, 1956) was a German field marshal during World War II. // Born in Landsberg am Lech as Wilhelm Leeb, he joined the Bavarian Army in 1895 as an officer cadet. ...


Operation Barbarossa

In preparation for Operation Barbarossa, on April 1, 1941, Army Group B was re-designated as Army Group Center in an official order from Army High Command which defined the organization of the invasion force.[18] Deployed in Poland, Army Group Center was one of the three army formations which were to lead the invasion of the Soviet Union. It included the 4th Army and 9th Army, the 3rd Panzer Army and 4th Panzer Army and the 2nd Air Fleet. On the left flank of Bock's Army Group Center was Army Group North, commanded by Ritter von Leeb; on the right flank was Army Group South, commanded by Gerd von Rundstedt. The current version of this article or section is written in an informal style and with a personally invested tone. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Army Group Centre (Heeresgruppe Mitte in German) was one of three German army formations assigned to the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, code-named Operation Barbarossa. ... Insignia of 4th Army The German Fourth Army (German: ) was a field army that fought in World War II. The Fourth Army was activated on December 1, 1938 with Field Marshal Günther von Kluge in command. ... The German Ninth Army (German: ) was a World War II field army. ... The German Third Panzer Army (German: ) was a German panzer army that saw action during World War II. The Third Panzer Army was a constituent of Army Group Centre and fought in the Battle of Moscow in late 1941 and early 1942. ... The German Fourth Panzer Army (German: ) was a German panzer army that saw action during World War II. It played a part in the invasion of France and then on the Eastern front, the 4th Panzer Army and Guderians 1st Army encircled army after army until it came to... Army Group North (Heeresgruppe Nord in German) was a high level command grouping of military units operating for Germany during World War II. The army group coordinated the operations of attached army corps, reserve formations, and direct-reporting units. ... Army Group South (Heeresgruppe Süd in German) was a German Army Group during World War II. Germany used two army groups to invade Poland in 1939: Army Group North and Army Group South. ... Karl Rudolf Gerd von Rundstedt (December 12, 1875 - February 24, 1953) was a Generalfeldmarschall of the German Army during World War II. He held some of the highest field commands in all phases of the war. ...


Initially, the main objective of Army Group Center was to follow Napoleon’s route north of the Pripyat Marshes straight to Moscow. However, Hitler altered the original invasion plan, one of many changes he would make, both before the invasion and after it had already begun. The new objectives of Army Group North and Army Group South remained relatively similar to the original ones. For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... Pinsk Marshes (Пинские болота) or Pripyat Marshes (Pripet Marshes, Припятские болота) is a vast territory of wetlands along the Pripyat River and its tributaries from... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ...

Bock (left) with Hermann Hoth discuss over maps in Russia during Operation Barbarossa, 1941.
Bock (left) with Hermann Hoth discuss over maps in Russia during Operation Barbarossa, 1941.

The new task of Army Group Center was to drive towards the cities of Minsk and Smolensk, and in great encirclements destroy the Soviet Armies stationed there. Army Group Center would then drive toward Leningrad, and along with Army Group North destroy the remnants of the Soviet Armies in the Baltic states and seize valuable ports for the supply of the campaign. Only after the bulk of the Soviet army was destroyed in Western Russia would Army Group Center then drive toward the Soviet capital. Hitler made this change conscious of the fact that despite capturing Moscow, Napoleon was defeated because he did not destroy the Russian army.[19] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... General Hermann Hoth Hermann Papa Hoth (12 April 1885 - 26 January 1971) was a general of the Third Reich during World War II, notable for victories in France and on the Eastern Front, and later, after serving six years in prison for war crimes, as a writer on military history. ... The current version of this article or section is written in an informal style and with a personally invested tone. ... Location of Minsk, shown within the Minsk Voblast Coordinates: Country Subdivision Belarus Minsk Founded 1067 Government  - Mayor Mikhail Pavlov Area  - City 305. ... A view of Smolensk in 1912. ... Leningrad (Russian: Ленинград) may mean: St. ... Baltic can refer to: The Baltic Sea Council of the Baltic Sea States - an intergovernmental organization Baltic sea countries - countries with access to the Baltic Sea The Baltic region (Balticum) Baltic States - the independent countries of Estonia Latvia Lithuania Baltic Republics - term refers to the three Baltic states under the...


At 3:15 AM, June 22, 1941, the first shots of Operation Barbarossa were fired. At the outset of the campaign von Bock remained at his desk in his headquarters waiting for the first reports from the front. Within an hour of the attack, the first reports began to arrive at Army Group Center headquarters. Elements of Guderian’s force had crossed the Bug River and were bypassing the city of Brest-Litovsk. Hoth’s tanks were heading for Grodno on the Nieman River to seize the important river crossings. Several reconnaissance units from the 4th Army and 9th Army had already crossed the Bug and Desna Rivers. June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... General Heinz Guderian Heinz Wilhelm Guderian (17 June 1888-14 May 1954) was a military theorist and General of the German Army during the Second World War. ... Bug at Wlodawa One of the two rivers called Bug (pronounced Boog), the Western Bug, or Buh (Belarusian: Захо́дні Буг; Russian: За́падный Буг; Ukrainian: Західн&#1080... For a city in France, see Brest, France. ... General Hermann Hoth Hermann Papa Hoth (12 April 1885 - 26 January 1971) was a general of the Third Reich during World War II, notable for victories in France and on the Eastern Front, and later, after serving six years in prison for war crimes, as a writer on military history. ... Hrodna (or Grodno; Belarusian: Го́радня, Гро́дна; Grodno in Polish, Гродно in Russian, Gardinas in Lithuanian) is a city in Belarus on the Nemunas river, close to the borders of Poland and Lithuania... External links Wikimedia Commons has multimedia related to: Neman Categories: Belarus-related stubs | Rivers of Belarus | Rivers of Lithuania | Russian rivers ... Insignia of 4th Army The German Fourth Army (German: ) was a field army that fought in World War II. The Fourth Army was activated on December 1, 1938 with Field Marshal Günther von Kluge in command. ... The German Ninth Army (German: ) was a World War II field army. ... Desna (Десна́) is a river in Russia and Ukraine, left tributary of Dnepr. ...


At 7:00 AM von Bock flew from Posen to an advanced airfield near the headquaters of XIII Infantry Corps. There, Lieutenant General Erich Jaschke gave von Bock a summary of the progress of the invasion. Following this meeting, von Bock visited Guderian’s forward command post at Bokhaly. Guderian’s Chief of staff Colonel Kurt Freiherr von Liebenstein greeted von Bock, as Guderian had already crossed the Bug River several hours earlier with the 18th Panzer Division. von Bock then visited Joachim Lemelsen, who gave an agitated report from the front. The roads on the Russian side of the Bug River were already becoming too soft to support the weight of tanks. As a result, several tank columns had to be rerouted to cross a bridge farther south at Koden. This rerouting caused severe traffic congestion, as some ten thousand vehicles converged on this single crossing. Despite this, the first day of the invasion had been spectacularly successful. Russian resistance was reported as being light and complete surprise was achieved. All along the front rapid progress was being made. Posen (Polish: Poznań): is the German name of the city of Poznań, Poland. ... Kurt Freiherr von Liebenstein (b. ... The 18th Panzer-Division was a German World War II armoured division that fought on the Eastern Front from 1941 until disbandment in 1943. ... Joachim Lemelsen (September 28, 1888 - March 30, 1954) was a German general during the Second World War. ... KodeÅ„ is a village in eastern Poland, on the Western Bug river which forms the border between Poland and Belarus. ...


On the second day of Barbarossa, von Bock crossed the Bug River. Escorted by Major General Gustav Schmidt, he made his way to a company command post from where he observed German artillery firing on Russian positions near Brest-Litovsk. Despite the fact that German panzers had already crossed deep into Russian territory, the defenders of the city were holding out stubbornly. Later that day von Bock was presented with reports that Russian resistance was stiffening all long the front, especially on Guderian’s southern flank. Meanwhile, Hoth’s forces were advancing with much more ease through the Baltic states and White Russia. The first two days of Army Group Center’s advance proved to be highly successful. Artillery with Gabion fortification Cannons on display at Fort Point Continental Artillery crew from the American Revolution Firing of an 18-pound gun, Louis-Philippe Crepin, (1772 – 1851) A forge-welded Iron Cannon in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. ... For a city in France, see Brest, France. ... The banner of White Ruthenia White Russia is a name that was historically applied to different regions in Eastern Europe, most often to the region that roughly corresponds to the present-day Belarus. ...

Hitler visits Bock at his headquarters in Minsk

Hoth’s armies advanced so quickly that von Bock immediately contacted Brauchitsch, requesting the bypassing of Minsk in favor of attacking toward Vitebsk so that a drive could be made for Moscow. Initially, the change in plan was accepted but it was soon overruled by Hitler, who favored the encirclement and destruction of the large Soviet armies near Minsk. von Bock wrote in his diary: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ... Location of Minsk, shown within the Minsk Voblast Coordinates: Country Subdivision Belarus Minsk Founded 1067 Government  - Mayor Mikhail Pavlov Area  - City 305. ... Walther von Brauchitsch in 1939. ... Coat of arms of Vitebsk. ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ...

The envelopment of Minsk is not decisive. Besides, I am sure that the enemy expects us to attack Minsk, the next natural objective, and will concentrate defense forces there.[20]

Differences between von Bock’s strategic intent and the intent of High Command repeatedly surfaced. von Bock continued to favor a direct drive toward Moscow, bypassing Soviet armies and leaving them to be destroyed by infantry, which advanced well behind tank columns. von Bock argued that if encirclement was truly necessary then instead of diverting his tanks north and south to encircle and destroy smaller Soviet armies, a larger encirclement should be made eastward toward the Duna-Dnieper River basins.[21] Hitler decided against this plan, and insisted that the pockets containing Soviet armies must be destroyed before advancing deeper into Russia. For other uses of Danube, see Danube (disambiguation). ... This article is about the river. ...


von Bock, enraged by this decision, was quoted as saying:

We are permitting our greatest chance of success to escape us by this restriction placed on our armor![22]

He hesitantly gave the order to abandon the drive toward Vitebsk and assist in the destruction of the pockets. On June 25, von Bock moved his headquarters from Posen to Kobryn, a town about fifteen miles northeast of Brest-Litovsk. On June 30, the 4th Army and 9th Army met each other near Slonim, trapping thousands of Russian soldiers. However, many Russian soldiers managed to escape eastward. von Bock soon gave the order to disengage from the encirclement and prepare for a full-scale drive to the east. This order once again caused a confrontation between von Bock and Brauchitsch. June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... Kobryn (Belarusian: Ко́брынь, Ко́брын; Polish: Kobryń; Russian: Ко́брин) is a city in the Brest voblast of Belarus and the center of the Kobryn District. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Slonim (Belarusian: Сло́нім; Russian: Сло́ним Polish: Słonim) is a city in Belarus in the Hrodna voblast, located at the junction of the Scara and Isa rivers, 143 km southeast of Hrodna. ...


On July 3, von Bock’s forces were once again advancing eastward, with Guderian’s tanks crossing the Beresina and Hoth’s tanks crossing the Duna. This day marked the furthest distance covered by von Bock’s troops in a single day, with over 100 miles traveled.[23] Four days later, Guderian’s tanks crossed the Dnieper River, the last great obstacle before Smolensk. However, Guderian was soon ordered by Günther von Kluge to withdraw back across the river. von Bock soon reversed this order, and Guderian was allowed to re-cross the river. von Bock protested Kluge’s actions to High Command, to no avail.[24] On July 11, von Bock moved his headquarters again to Borissov, a Russian town near the Beresina River. July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... ... For other uses of Danube, see Danube (disambiguation). ... The Dnieper River (also known as: Dnepr, Dniapro, or Dnipro) is a river which flows from Russia, through Belarus and Ukraine, ending its flow in the Black Sea. ... A view of Smolensk in 1912. ... Hans Günther von Kluge (October 30, 1882–August 19, 1944), was a German military leader. ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 173 days remaining. ...


Operation Typhoon

On September 9, Army High Command instructed von Bock to prepare an operational order for the assault on Moscow. Operation Typhoon was the code-name given to this new attack, which was to begin no later then September 30. von Bock carefully supervised the planning and preparation of the operation, and a few days later it was approved by the High Command. September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ... The eastern front at the time of Operation Typhoon. ... September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


As part of the preparation for Operation Typhoon, Army Group Center would be reinforced and replenished with men and vehicles; it would be comprised of three infantry armies (2nd Army, 4th Army, and 9th Army) and three tank armies (2nd Panzer Army, 3rd Panzer Army, and 4th Panzer Army). Colonel General Erich Hoepner would command the 4th Panzer Army, while the former two were outgrowths of Hoth’s and Guderian’s original Panzer Groups. The replenishment of Army Group Center for Operation Typhoon caused it to increase greatly in size: with almost 1.5 million soldiers, it was now larger than it was at the outset of Operation Barbarossa. von Bock spent most of the remainder of September on inspection tours of his reinforced Army Group Center. On one occasion, von Bock, along with Kesselring, flew over Moscow.[25] The German Second Army (German: ) was a World War I and World War II field army. ... Insignia of 4th Army The German Fourth Army (German: ) was a field army that fought in World War II. The Fourth Army was activated on December 1, 1938 with Field Marshal Günther von Kluge in command. ... The German Ninth Army (German: ) was a World War II field army. ... The German Second Panzer Army was a German tank army that fought during World War II. It origins were in the Panzer Group Guderian (Panzergruppe Guderian), named after its commander Heinz Guderian, and Panzergruppe 2 which played a significant role in the initial success of the blitzkrieg in Operation Barbarossa... The German Third Panzer Army (German: ) was a German panzer army that saw action during World War II. The Third Panzer Army was a constituent of Army Group Centre and fought in the Battle of Moscow in late 1941 and early 1942. ... The German Fourth Panzer Army (German: ) was a German panzer army that saw action during World War II. It played a part in the invasion of France and then on the Eastern front, the 4th Panzer Army and Guderians 1st Army encircled army after army until it came to... Erich Hoepner Erich Hoepner (September 14, 1886 - August 8, 1944) was a German general in World War II. Hoepner was born in Frankfurt an der Oder, Germany and served in the German Army during World War I. He remained in the army in the post-war years and reached the... The current version of this article or section is written in an informal style and with a personally invested tone. ... Albert Kesselring Albert Kesselring (August 8, 1881 - July 16, 1960) was a German Generalfeldmarschall who commanded Army Group C during World War II. One of the most respected and skillful German generals, he was nicknamed Smiling Albert or smiling Kesselring. Kesselring was born in Marktsteft, Germany, in 1881. ...


On September 29, von Bock held a conference with his senior commanders Strauss, Hoth, Kluge, Weichs, Hoepner, Guderian, and Kesselring. During the meeting the main operational plan was reviewed, with von Bock again stressing that Moscow must be taken by November 7th, before the onset of the Russian winter, and to coincide with the anniversary of the Russian revolution.[26] The following day, Operation Typhoon began with attacks from Guderian’s and Hoth’s armored forces. Several days later, the infantry armies began to move toward Moscow. With less then 100 miles between the most advanced troops and Moscow, von Bock estimated that his troops would enter the city in three to four weeks.[27] September 29 is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... Russian Revolution can refer to the following events in the history of Russia: The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a series of strikes and anti-government violence against Tsar Nicholas II The Russian Revolution of 1917, which included: February Revolution, which resulted in the abdication of Nicholas II of Russia...


Almost immediately, von Bock’s forces encountered stiff Soviet resistance on the road to Moscow. The previous diversions of Army Group Center allowed the Soviets to reinforce the area between Smolensk and Moscow with the Russian 3rd Army, 10th Army, 13th Army, and 20th Army, as well as elements of three other armies. German forces were outnumbered almost two to one. However, the superior tactics and training of the Wehrmacht, along with an element of surprise, resulted in significant gains despite the increasingly desperate measures employed by the Russians to stop the advance. A view of Smolensk in 1912. ...


The 2nd Panzer Army, along with the XLVIII Panzer Corps, attacked important rail junctions near Orel and Bryansk. Hoepner’s 4th Panzer Army soon crossed the Desna River and gained access to deep Russian territory. Meanwhile, Hoth’s 3rd Panzer Army struck toward Rshev on the Volga River. Orel or Oryol (Орёл) is a city in Russia, administrative center of the Oryol Oblast. ... Historic coat of arms of Bryansk (1781). ... Desna (Десна́) is a river in Russia and Ukraine, left tributary of Dnepr. ... The Volga, widely viewed as the national river of Russia, flows through the western part of the country. ...


On October 3, Guberian’s forces soon captured Orel and subsequently gained access to a paved highway which led to Moscow, some 180 miles away. Meanwhile, elements of the 2nd Panzer Army reported that they had bypassed Bryansk and were heading toward Kuraschev. von Bock ordered Guderian to press on toward Tula, but within hours this order had been reversed by High Command. The reversal of the order called for Guderian to attack Bryansk where, along with Vyazma, two massive encirclements of Soviet forces were occurring. von Bock argued that the area between Orel and Tula remained relatively free of Soviet forces and that Tula could be captured within hours. Ultimately, von Bock agreed to divert Guderian’s tanks toward Byansk. October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Places named Tula include: Tula, Tula Oblast, Russia Tula, Hidalgo, Mexico Tula, Tamaulipas, Mexico Tula, Mississippi, USA Tula, Sardinia, Italy Tula, Kenya Other uses: Tula is the professional name of transsexual model/actress Caroline Cossey. ... Vyazma (Russian: ) is a town in Smolensk Oblast, Russia, located on the Vyazma River, about halfway between Smolensk and Mozhaysk, at , . Throughout its turbulent history, the city defended western approaches to the city of Moscow. ...


Cold rain soon began to fall over the northern sectors of Army Group Center’s front, and the roads soon turned into quagmires as part of the Rasputitsa. Virtually the entire front became stuck - the only vehicles capable of negotiating the mud were tanks and other tracked vehicles. However, these moved at a snail's pace (sometimes less than 2 miles per day[28] ), and fuel consumption soared. This further aggravated the problem of already poor supply lines.[29] Trucks soon became stuck in the mud, as soldiers tried desperately to free them. As the temperature continued to drop, Guderian requested a supply winter clothing and anti-freeze for the vehicles. However, the increase in partisan activity behind the lines, along with the deteriorating weather conditions, made it increasingly difficult for these vital supplies to reach the front. In one two day period, partisans made over sixty attacks on German truck convoys, outposts, and railway lines. Look up Quagmire in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The rasputitsa (Russian: распу́тица) is the twice annual flooding of Belarus, western Russia and the Ukraine. ...

Soldiers of Bock's Army Group Center try to keep warm during the assault on Moscow
Soldiers of Bock's Army Group Center try to keep warm during the assault on Moscow

Slight improvements in the weather soon made it possible for von Bock’s forces to continue to seal the pockets around Bryansk and Vyazma. The dual encirclements of Soviet forces around Vyazma and Bryansk yielded some of the largest Soviet casualties since the beginning of Operation Barbarossa: some 650,000 prisoners were taken during these two encirclements, after which the Soviet armies facing von Bock’s Army Group Center no longer had the advantage of superior numbers.[30] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 430 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 697 pixel, file size: 299 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)German soldiers try to keep warm near Moscow. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 430 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 697 pixel, file size: 299 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)German soldiers try to keep warm near Moscow. ... Army Group Centre (Heeresgruppe Mitte in German) was one of three German army formations assigned to the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, code-named Operation Barbarossa. ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ...


The weather soon deteriorated again, with the roads once more turning into impassable, muddy quagmires. Since September 30, Bock had lost some 35,000 men, 250 tanks and artillery pieces, and several hundred other vehicles, many of which were mired in the mud. Fuel and ammunition supplies became dangerously low. Despite these problems, the advance toward Moscow continued as Hitler became increasingly impatient. When advance units of the 4th Panzer Army reached Kaluga and Maloyaroslavets, German forces were within forty miles of Moscow. Guderian's advance in the south was much slower. An attempt by his forces to capture Tula had failed, with considerable losses of men and tanks. However, other units captured Stalinogorsk and Venev, indicating the possibility of bypassing Tula. September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Konstantin Tsiolkovsky State Museum of the History of Cosmonautics in Kaluga, built in 1967 Kaluga (Калу́га in Russian) is a city in central Russia on the Oka River 188 km southwest of Moscow, administrative center of Kaluga Oblast. ... Maloyaroslavets. ... Coat of arms of Novomoskovsk Novomoskovsk (Russian: ), called Bobriki () before 1934 and Stalinogorsk () between 1934 and 1961, is a city in Tula Oblast, Russia, located at the source of the Don and Shat Rivers some 230 km south of Moscow, at . ... Coat of arms of Venyov Venyov (Russian: ) is a town in Tula Oblast, Russia, located on the Venyovka River, 52 km north of Tula. ...


As von Bock’s forces pressed on toward Moscow, panic struck in the capital. Hundreds of thousands of civilians began to evacuate the city while others were forces into emergency volunteer units. Martial law was instituted as looting and pillaging of deserted stores increased. Marshal Timoshenko was relieved of command in favor of Georgy Zhukov, who had been organizing the defense of Leningrad. The main bulk of the Soviet government was evacuated to Kuibyshev, 500 miles southeast of Moscow; however, Stalin remained in the capital after being reassured by Zhukov that the capital would not fall.[31] For other uses, see Martial law (disambiguation). ... There are several people called Timoshenko: Semyon Timoshenko Stephen Timoshenko Yulia Timoshenko This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov, GCB (Russian: ) (December 1, 1896 [O.S. November 19]–June 18, 1974), was a Soviet military commander who, in the course of World War II, led the Red Army to liberate the Soviet Union from the Nazi occupation, to overrun... Leningrad (Russian: Ленинград) may mean: St. ... This article is not about Samarra, which is in Iraq. ...


The further von Bock’s forces advanced, the stiffer Soviet resistance became. The paved roads leading to Moscow became craters under constant Russian artillery fire, rendering them impassable. This forced the German troops into the mud and Army Group Center soon became stuck once again. The goal of capturing Moscow by mid-October could no longer be achieved. However, the sheer weight of the German advance could not be fully stopped and on October 21 units of the 9th Army captured Kalinin. October 21 is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 71 days remaining. ... Kalinin refers to: Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin The city of Tver, which from 1931 to 1990 was named after Kalinin. ...


As November arrived the mud soon turned into ice as temperatures dropped to -20 F. While the ground hardened sufficiently enough to support vehicles, the cold weather added to the miseries of the German soldiers as many had not received winter clothing. Frostbite soon took its toll - many soldiers were severely affected and had to be evacuated. Look up November in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after the German physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736), who proposed it in 1724. ...


On November 20, von Bock moved his field headquarters to an advanced forward position near the front lines. There he visited an artillery command post, where he could see the buildings of Moscow through his field glasses.[32] Several days later, German forces crossed the Moscow-Volga Canal and reached Khimki but soon fell back due to Soviet resistance. On November 29, elements of the 4th Panzer Army reached the western suburbs of Moscow. On December 4, units of the 2nd Army reached Kuntsevo, a southern suburb of Moscow. Several units of Guderian’s army bypassed Kolomna and reached the Moscow River. Meanwhile, the 3rd Panzer Army once again fought into Khimki. These were the last advances made by Army Group Center under von Bock’s command.[33] November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Moscow Canal (Russian: Канал имени Москвы; former name - Moscow-Volga Canal (until 1947)) is a canal that connects the Moskva River with the main transportation artery of European Russia - the Volga. ... Khimki (Химки in Russian) is a city in the Moscow Oblast in Russia. ... November 29 is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Kolomna (Russian: Коломна) is an ancient Russian city, founded in 1177 on the Moskva River and Oka River. ... Moskva River (Москва́), also known as the Moscow River, is a small river over 400 miles long, situated in Russia, Eastern Europe. ...


On December 6, with the temperature at -50 F, fresh Russian troops commanded by Zhukov launched a huge counterattack. All along the front near Moscow German troops retreated, destroying whatever equipment they could not salvage. Several days later, High Command ordered a halt to all offensive operations. von Bock wrote in his diary: December 6 is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

All along, I demanded of Army High Command the authority to strike down the enemy when he was wobbling. We could have finished the enemy last summer. We could have destroyed him completely. Last August, the road to Moscow was open; we could have entered the Bolshevik capital in triumph and in summery weather. The high military leadership of the Fatherland made a terrible mistake when it forced my army group to adopt a position of defense last August. Now all of us are paying for that mistake.[34]

By December 13, German forces had retreated more than 50 miles from the capital. On December 18, von Bock was relieved of his command of Army Group Center. The official pretext of this decision was health problems[35]. However, this was just one case out of some 40 high ranking officers being relieved of their command following the failure to capture Moscow.[36] von Bock's command of Army Group Center marked the closest the German army ever got to Moscow; never again would the Soviet capital be threatened. December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... In the Gregorian calendar, December 18 is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years), with 13 days remaining until the end of the year. ...


Operation Blue

Adolf Hitler congratulates Fedor von Bock on his 60th birthday.

When von Bock asked for permission to withdraw his exhausted troops in December 1941, he was dismissed from his post as Commander of Army Group Center, to be reassigned to lead Army Group South in January 1942, when field marshal Walter von Reichenau died of a heart attack. Only five months later, in July 1942, Hitler blamed him for the failure of "Operation Braunschweig", the second part of the German offensive in Russia, and retired him definitively. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Army Group Centre (Heeresgruppe Mitte in German) was one of three German army formations assigned to the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, code-named Operation Barbarossa. ... Army Group South (Heeresgruppe Süd in German) was a German Army Group during World War II. Germany used two army groups to invade Poland in 1939: Army Group North and Army Group South. ... Field-Marshal Walther von Reichenau Walther von Reichenau (August 16, 1884 - January 17, 1942), German military commander, was the son of a Prussian general and joined the German Army in 1902. ...


After Hitler's suicide, von Bock offered his services to Admiral Karl Dönitz, the new leader of Germany. While in Hamburg, von Bock was killed in an Allied bombing raid on May 4, 1945. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Location Coordinates Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE6 First Mayor Ole von Beust (CDU) Governing party CDU Votes in Bundesrat 3 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  755 km² (292 sq mi) Population 1,754,317 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 2,324 /km² (6,018... The large port city of Hamburg was very heavily bombed many times by the Royal Air Force (RAF) and the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) during World War II. During one of the attacks in July 1943 a firestorm was created that caused many thousands of casualties. ... May 4 is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ...


While privately opposing the atrocities being committed against Soviet civilians, von Bock never protested directly to Hitler, although at one time, he had a subordinate file a formal complaint ("Meine Herren, ich stelle fest: Der Feldmarschall von Bock hat protestiert!" - "gentlemen, I state: The field marshal von Bock has protested"). His nephew, Henning von Tresckow, tried in vain to win him for the military resistance against the Hitler regime. When his staff officers planned the assassination of Hitler during a visit to his Army Group, von Bock intervened. On the other hand he did not report the conspirators either. Henning von Tresckow (January 10, 1901 in Magdeburg – July 21, 1944 in Ostrow near Białystok, Poland) was a Major General in the German Wehrmacht who is known for organizing German resistance against Hitler. ...


One of the reasons for von Bock's dismissal is believed to have been his expressed interest in supporting the Russian Liberation Movement, which Hitler was categorically against. Russian Liberation Movement (Русское Освободительное Движение) is a term used to describe Russians during World War II who tried to create an anti-communist armed force which would topple the regime of Joseph Stalin. ...


Quotes

  • "Our profession should always be crowned by heroic death in battle"[37]

Trivia

In the film The Final Countdown, the USS Nimitz (stranded in time on December 6, 1941) picks up a radio broadcast which mentions that forces under General von Bock are advancing on Moscow. The Final Countdown is also the name of an album and song by the rock band Europe. ... USS Nimitz (CVN-68) is a supercarrier in the United States Navy, the lead ship of its class. ... December 6 is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Turney, Alfred W., Disaster at Moscow: Von Bock's Campaigns 1941-1942, Cassell (1971)
  2. ^ Stug III and IV Assault Guns - German War Files. Artsmagic Ltd. 16 February 2004
  3. ^ Battle of Russia, Battlefield: Battles that Won the Second World War - Series 2. Universal Pictures Video. May 2, 2005
  4. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.6
  5. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.6
  6. ^ Battle of Russia, Battlefield: Battles that Won the Second World War - Series 2. Universal Pictures Video. May 2, 2005
  7. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.3
  8. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.4
  9. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.5
  10. ^ GENERALFELDMARSCHALL. Axis Biographical Research. Retrieved on 2007-05-16.
  11. ^ Gregory, Mackenzie J. Field Marshal Fedor von Bock (1880- 1945). Ahoy - Mac's Web Log, The Naval Historical Society of Australia, Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-05-16.
  12. ^ Gregory, Mackenzie J. Field Marshal Fedor von Bock (1880- 1945). Ahoy - Mac's Web Log, The Naval Historical Society of Australia, Inc.. Retrieved on 2007-05-16.
  13. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.6
  14. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.6
  15. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, {1971) pg.6
  16. ^ GENERALFELDMARSCHALL. Axis Biographical Research. Retrieved on 2007-05-16.
  17. ^ GENERALFELDMARSCHALL. Axis Biographical Research. Retrieved on 2007-05-16.
  18. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.37
  19. ^ Battle of Russia, Battlefield: Battles that Won the Second World War - Series 2. Universal Pictures Video. May 2, 2005
  20. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.54
  21. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.55
  22. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.56
  23. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.58
  24. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.60
  25. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.87
  26. ^ Beevor, Antony. Stalingrad, The Fateful Siege: 1942-1943. New York: Penguin Books. (1998) pg. 34
  27. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.88
  28. ^ Battle of Russia, Battlefield: Battles that Won the Second World War - Series 2. Universal Pictures Video. May 2, 2005
  29. ^ Battle of Russia, Battlefield: Battles that Won the Second World War - Series 2. Universal Pictures Video. May 2, 2005
  30. ^ Battle of Russia, Battlefield: Battles that Won the Second World War - Series 2. Universal Pictures Video. May 2, 2005
  31. ^ Blood and Steel: The Russian Front. Cromwell Productions Ltd. January 3, 1999
  32. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.141
  33. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.142
  34. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.155
  35. ^ Turney, Disaster at Moscow, (1971) pg.160
  36. ^ Battle of Russia, Battlefield: Battles that Won the Second World War - Series 2. Universal Pictures Video. May 2, 2005
  37. ^ Two Men, Two Faces. Time Magazine. Retrieved on 2007-05-16.

2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Turney, Alfred W., Disaster at Moscow: Von Bock's Campaigns 1941-1942, Cassell (1971)
  • Gerbet, Klaus and Johnston, David. Generalfeldmarschall Fedor von Bock: The War Diary 1939-1945. Schiffer Publishing. January 1, 2000
  • Beevor, Antony (1998). Stalingrad, The Fateful Siege: 1942-1943. New York: Penguin Books.
  • Horner, D. M., Jukes, Geoffrey. The Second World War - The Eastern Front 1941-1945. Osprey Publishing (July 25, 2002)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fedor von Bock - Wikipedia (516 words)
Bock tritt 1898 nach einer Kadettenausbildung als Leutnant in das 5.
Von Bock nimmt als Generalstabsoffizier und Bataillonskommandeur am ersten Weltkrieg teil.
Nachdem von Bock, auf Grund der Erschöpfung seiner Truppen, für einen taktischen Rückzug an der Ostfront plädiert, erhält er seinen Abschied als Oberbefehlshaber der Heeresgruppe Mitte.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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