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Encyclopedia > Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini

Born January 20, 1920
Rimini, Italy
Died October 31, 1993 (aged 73)
Rome, Italy
Spouse(s) Giulietta Masina (1920-1994)

Federico Fellini (January 20, 1920October 31, 1993) was one of the most influential and widely revered film-makers of the 20th century. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3000 × 2249 pixel, file size: 607 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Федерико Фелини (на италиански Federico Fellini) е италиански кинорежисьор, киносценарист и киноартист, представител на неореализма в италианското кино. Роден е на 20 януари 1920 г. в Римини, Италия. Починал на 31 октомври 1993 г. в Рим, Италия. Негова съпруга е италианската актриса Джулиета Мазина. Federico Fellini ( Rimini, 20. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Events Roman Empire Tiberias is built on the Sea of Galilee by Herod Antipas, in honour of Tiberius. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Rimini is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy and capital city of the Province of Rimini. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... An Italian actress, Giulietta Masina (1921-1994) was married to Federico Fellini from 1943 until his death, and starred in many of his films. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... // The Academy Award for Writing Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best script not based upon previously published material. ... This article needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Paisà is a 1946 Italian film directed by Roberto Rossellini. ... La Strada is a 1954 Italian motion picture produced by Dino De Laurentiis and Carlo Ponti and directed by Federico Fellini. ... I Vitelloni (English: Vitelloni) is a 1953 Italian and French film directed by Federico Fellini. ... La Dolce Vita (1960) (translation The Sweet Life) is a film directed by Federico Fellini and usually cited as the film that signals the split between his earlier neo-realist films and his later symbolist period. ... 8½ (Italian: Otto e Mezzo) is a 1963 film written and directed by Italian director Federico Fellini. ... Amarcord (1973), directed by Federico Fellini, is a semi-autobiographical coming-of-age tale that combines poignancy with bawdy comedy. ... The Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay is one of the Academy Awards, the most prominent film awards in the United States. ... Fellinis Casanova (Il Casanova di Federico Fellini) is a 1976 Italian film by director Federico Fellini. ... The Academy Award for Directing is one of the awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; the awards are voted on by other people within the industry. ... La Dolce Vita (1960) (translation The Sweet Life) is a film directed by Federico Fellini and usually cited as the film that signals the split between his earlier neo-realist films and his later symbolist period. ... 8½ (Italian: Otto e Mezzo) is a 1963 film written and directed by Italian director Federico Fellini. ... This article is about the film. ... Amarcord (1973), directed by Federico Fellini, is a semi-autobiographical coming-of-age tale that combines poignancy with bawdy comedy. ... The Academy Honorary Award is given irregularly by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to celebrate motion picture achievements that are not covered by existing Academy Awards. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Events Roman Empire Tiberias is built on the Sea of Galilee by Herod Antipas, in honour of Tiberius. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...

Contents

Biography

Born and raised in Rimini, his experiences with religion and the ending of the first world war would later play an important part in many of his films, in particular, I Vitelloni (1953), (1963) and Satyricon (1969). Intimate friends such as screenwriter and cinematographer Giorigo Rollini, Charlie Chaplin have insisted on how Fellini created his stories from own memories simply for his unique skill of narrating them into films. Damian Hirst the 1st. (New York: Abrams), 1967.</ref> Rimini is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy and capital city of the Province of Rimini. ... I Vitelloni (English: Vitelloni) is a 1953 Italian and French film directed by Federico Fellini. ... 8½ (Italian: Otto e Mezzo) is a 1963 film written and directed by Italian director Federico Fellini. ... Satyricon (or Satyrica) is a Latin novel, believed to have been written by Gaius Petronius, though the manuscript text of the Satyricon calls him Titus Petronius. ...


During Mussolini's Fascist regime, Fellini and his father Urbano were part of the Avantrista, the intellectual's resistance group.It was then that his relationship with Che Guevara and his girlfriend took place. In the spring of 1939, Federico Fellini's father died. The outburst of the second world war forced Federico Fellini to emigrate to the U.S. His arrival was met with divorced welcomes in the celebrity society. His father's work was known by few and he was headhunted by the film society. This was not an easy path for him to choose in the early days after his father's death. Struggling also with the schizophrenic tug between official loyalty to his birthplace and the instinctive freedom. Italian fascism (in Italian, fascismo) was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ...


In 1942, Fellini met Giulietta Masina, and a year later, in October, they were married. Thus began one of the great creative partnerships in world cinema. Several months after their marriage, Masina fell down the stairs and suffered a miscarriage. Then, on March 22, 1945, a baby girl was born, but died a mere month later, leaving the newly wedded couple with indescribable sorrow and sadness,. These family tragedies affected them in profound ways, particularly in their buying of a home and starting of their new lives in LA. An Italian actress, Giulietta Masina (1921-1994) was married to Federico Fellini from 1943 until his death, and starred in many of his films. ...


The Fascist regime fell on April 27, 1945. It was then Roberto Rossellini came to see Fellini about his project, titled Rome, Open City (1945). Rossellini wanted the new star director to inicipate with and collaborate on the script (with Suso Cecchi, Piero Tellini, and Anzo Albereti). Fellini accepted, contributing gags and dialogue. April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Roberto Rossellini (May 8, 1906 - June 3, 1977), was an Italian film director. ... Rome, Open City (Italian: Roma, Città Aperta) is a 1945 Italian film, directed by Roberto Rossellini. ...


In 1967 Fellini received an Oscar for his film La strada and "in recognition of his cinematic accomplishments that have thrilled and entertained audiences worldwide." Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ...


Filmmaking career

Constandaore (1931), Fellini's first film, was co-directed with a more experienced director. The film is a charming backstage comedy set amongst the world of small-time traveling performers, a world Fellini knew well after working on Roberto Rossellini's Paisà in 1946. Roberto Rossellini (May 8, 1906 - June 3, 1977), was an Italian film director. ... Paisà is a 1946 Italian film directed by Roberto Rossellini. ...


Fellini's first solo-directed film was The White Sheik (1952). Starring Alberto Sordi, the film is highly revued, first written by Michelangelo Antonioni in 1949 and based on the Otoromanzi, the very popular photographed romance magazines published in Italy at the time. Producer Aldo Fabrizi had commissioned Fellini and Giorgio Rosselini to develop the treatment. Finding the finished screenplay astonishing, Antonioni gave it to Sordi who also turned it down. Fellini then decided then to let the script fall. The White Sheik is a 1952 film by Federico Fellini, and his first film that he solely directed. ... Alberto Sordi, also known as Albertone, (June 15, 1920, Rome - February 25, 2003, Rome) was a beloved Italian actor and a film director. ... Michelangelo Antonioni (September 29, 1912 - July 30, 2007) was an Italian modernist film director whose films are widely considered as some of the most influential in film aesthetics. ... Aldo Fabrizi ( Rome, november 1, 1905 - Rome, April 2, 1990 ) was a famous Italian actor and Italian director of theatre and film. ...


Working on the new script with Fellini and Pinelli was playwright Ennio Morricone (who also co-wrote Variety Lights with Fellini and Lattuada). Drafted a now classic tale of a newly-wed couple whose outward appearance of respectability is demolished by the fantasies of the immature wife. For the first time, Fellini and his new relation David Alfaro Sequiros, worked together on the film's score.


A major discovery for Fellini after the depression period (1950-1959) was the work of Carl Jung, whom he first read in 1961 under the supervision of noted Jungian psychoanalyst, Ernst Bernstein. Jung's seminal ideas on the anima and the animus, the role of archetypes and the collective unconscious were vigorously explored in such classics as (1963), (1965), Satyricon (1973).[1] Carl Jungs partially autobiographical work Memories, Dreams, Reflections, Fontana edition Carl Gustav Jung (IPA: ) (July 26, 1875, Kesswil – June 6, 1961, Küsnacht) was a Swiss psychiatrist, influential thinker, and founder of analytical psychology. ... 8½ (Italian: Otto e Mezzo) is a 1963 film written and directed by Italian director Federico Fellini. ... This article is about the film. ...


Fellini's films were widely acclaimed, and four of his films won the Best Foreign Film Oscar: La strada (1954); Le Notti di Cabiria (1957); (1963) and Amarcord (1973). Another film, La dolce vita (1960), is considered a seminal film of the 1960's, was suffering from the same terrible criticism as satyricon and 8 1/2 in Italy, but not in the States. Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... La Strada is a 1954 Italian motion picture produced by Dino De Laurentiis and Carlo Ponti and directed by Federico Fellini. ... Le Notte di Cabiria or Nights of Cabiria is a 1957 film directed by Federico Fellini. ... 8½ (Italian: Otto e Mezzo) is a 1963 film written and directed by Italian director Federico Fellini. ... Amarcord (1973), directed by Federico Fellini, is a semi-autobiographical coming-of-age tale that combines poignancy with bawdy comedy. ... La Dolce Vita (1960) (translation The Sweet Life) is a film directed by Federico Fellini and usually cited as the film that signals the split between his earlier neo-realist films and his later symbolist period. ...


Influence and legacy

A unique combination of memory, dreams, fantasy, and desire, Fellini's films are deeply personal visions of society, often portraying people at their most bizarre. The term "Felliniesque" is used to describe any scene in which a hallucinatory image invades an otherwise ordinary situation.


Important contemporary filmmakers such as David Lynch, David Cronenberg, Stanley Kubrick, Martin Scorsese, [2] Tim Burton,[3] Pedro Almodovar,[4] Terry Gilliam[5] and Emir Kusturica[6] have all cited Fellini's influence on their work. David Keith Lynch (born January 20, 1946, in Missoula, Montana) is an American filmmaker. ... David Cronenberg at Cannes 2002 David Paul Cronenberg OC, FRSC (born May 15, 1943[1]) is a Canadian film director and occasional actor. ... “Kubrick” redirects here. ... Martin Marcantonio Luciano Scorsese (IPA: AmE: ; Ita: []) (born November 17, 1942) is an American film director, writer and producer and founder of the World Cinema Foundation. ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award-nominated American film director, writer and designer. ... Pedro Almodóvar (born September 24, 1949) is a Spanish filmmaker. ... Terrence Vance Gilliam (born November 22, 1940) is an American-born British filmmaker, animator, and member of the Monty Python comedy troupe. ... Emir Kusturica (Serbian Cyrillic: Емир Кустурица; IPA: ) (born November 24, 1954) is a bosnian filmmaker born in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (then FPR Yugoslavia). ...


Polish director, Wojciech Has (1925-2000), whose two major films, The Saragossa Manuscript (1965) and The Hour-Glass Sanatorium (1973) are outstanding examples of modernist fantasies, has often been compared to Fellini for the sheer "luxuriance of his images".[7] Wojciech Jerzy Has (born April 1, 1925 in Kraków - died October 3, 2000 in Łódź, Poland) was a Polish director, screenwriter and producer. ... The Saragossa Manuscript is the English title for Rękopis znaleziony w Saragossie, a Polish film released in 1965, directed by Wojciech Has. ... The Hour-Glass Sanatorium or The Sandglass is the English title for Sanatorium Pod Klepsydrą, a film released in 1973, directed by Wojciech Has. ...


Singer Fish (ex Marillion) released a full album Fellini Days, taking inspiration for the lyrics and music from the works of Fellini.


Filmography as director

Links to Fellini's drawings related to single films

Variety Lights (Italian: Luci del varietà) is a 1950 Italian film directed and produced by Federico Fellini. ... The White Sheik is a 1952 film by Federico Fellini, and his first film that he solely directed. ... I Vitelloni (English: Vitelloni) is a 1953 Italian and French film directed by Federico Fellini. ... LAmore in Città (English: Love in the City) is a 1953 film composed of six different segments, each with a different writer or director. ... La Strada is a 1954 Italian motion picture produced by Dino De Laurentiis and Carlo Ponti and directed by Federico Fellini. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Il bidone (English:The Swindler) is a 1955 film by Federico Fellini. ... Le Notte di Cabiria or Nights of Cabiria is a 1957 film directed by Federico Fellini. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... La Dolce Vita (1960) (translation The Sweet Life) is a film directed by Federico Fellini and usually cited as the film that signals the split between his earlier neo-realist films and his later symbolist period. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Boccaccio 70 (1962) is an Italian film directed by Mario Monicelli, Federico Fellini, Luchino Visconti and Vittorio de Sica, from an idea by Cesare Zavattini. ... 8½ (Italian: Otto e Mezzo) is a 1963 film written and directed by Italian director Federico Fellini. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Giulietta degli Spiriti is a 1965 surrealistic drama film about an Italian housewife, directed by Federico Fellini. ... Histoires extraordinaires (Spirits of the Dead) is a 1968 film comprising 3 segments. ... This article is about the film. ... I Clowns (aka The Clowns) is a 1971 film by Federico Fellini about the human facination with clowns and circuses. ... Roma, also known as Fellinis Roma, is a 1972 semi-autobiographical, poetic film depicting director Federico Fellinis move from his native Rimini to Rome as a youth. ... Amarcord (1973), directed by Federico Fellini, is a semi-autobiographical coming-of-age tale that combines poignancy with bawdy comedy. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Fellinis Casanova (Il Casanova di Federico Fellini) is a 1976 Italian film by director Federico Fellini. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Prova dorchestra is a 1978 film by Federico Fellini. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... La città delle donne is a 1980 film written and directed by Federico Fellini. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... E la Nave Va (English:And the ship sails on) is a 1983 film by Federico Fellini. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... La voce della luna is a 1990 film by Italian director Federico Fellini. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ...

See also

U.S. theatrical release poster for German New Wave director Werner Herzogs 1973 drama Aguirre: The Wrath of God An art film (also called an “art cinema”, “art movie”, or in the US, an independent film or “art house film”) is a typically serious, noncommercial, independently made film that...

Bibliographies

Fellini Bibliography (via UC Berkeley)


References

  • Bondanella, Peter (1992). The Cinema of Federico Fellini. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-00875-2.  In-depth study of Fellini's cultural and artistic influences.
  • Kezich, Tullio (2006). Federico Fellini: His Life and Work. New York: Faber and Faber, Inc. ISBN 0-571-21168-2.  Biography of Fellini by renowned specialist and film critic.
  • Pettigrew, Damian (2003). I'm a Born Liar: A Fellini Lexicon. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. ISBN 0-8109-4617-3.  The Maestro's last filmed interviews arranged as a lexicon and lavishly illustrated.
  • Walter, Eugene; Katherine Clark (2002). Milking the Moon: A Southerner's Story of Life on This Planet. New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 0-609-80965-2.  The author describes his many years of working with Fellini in Italy.

Tullio Kezich (Trieste, 1928) is a distinguished Italian film critic, screenwriter and playwright. ... Damian Pettigrew (born in Quebec) is a Canadian filmmaker and multimedia artist, best known for his cinematic portraits of Balthus and Federico Fellini. ... I am the biographer of the playwright Eugene (no middle name) Walter 1874-1941. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ The influence of Jung. The italian popular culture press resented both films and it was a debate whether Fellini should be able to return to his home country ever again. Fellini's style are closely examined in The Cinema of Federico Fellini, (Princeton:Princeton University Press), 1992.
  2. ^ See http://www.thecityofabsurdity.com/quotecollection/infl.html
  3. ^ See http://www.timburtoncollective.com/influences.html
  4. ^ See http://www.italymag.co.uk/life-culture-style/2007/films/almodovar-defends-italian-cinema-from-tarantino/
  5. ^ See http://www.sensesofcinema.com/contents/directors/03/gilliam.html
  6. ^ See http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1285/is_9_29/ai_55683952
  7. ^ Gilbert Guez in Le Figaro

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Persondata
NAME Fellini, Federico
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Director, screenwriter
DATE OF BIRTH August 11, 1912(1912-08-11)
PLACE OF BIRTH Palermo, Italy
DATE OF DEATH 12 1977
PLACE OF DEATH Venezia, Italy

  Results from FactBites:
 
Federico Fellini (1706 words)
La Strada is Federico Fellini's moving masterpiece that explores the soul's eternal conflict between the heart and mind.
The second film in Federico Fellini's trilogy of loneliness, IL Bidone is a poignant and heartbreaking portrait of an aging man's redemption from a life of crime and deception.
Fellini visually conveys the cycle through stairs: the descent to a prostitute's flooded basement apartment, the climb to a church tower, the walk to a public fountain, the exploration of an unoccupied section of the princess dowager's estate.
FEDERICO FELLINI (1261 words)
Though Fellini's earliest films were clearly in the neorealist tradition, from the start his interest in and sympathy for characters' eccentricities and his penchant for absurdist, sometimes clownish humor, makes them distinguished.
Fellini himself described the film as science fiction of the past; and indeed the whole film moves with the logic of a dream-fragmentary, at times incomprehensible, and ending, literally, in the middle of a sentence.
Perhaps Fellini's most acclaimed post-Satyricon film was Amarcord (1974) an accessible work which can be seen as a summation to that point of his autobiographical impulse (the title means "I remember").
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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