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Encyclopedia > Federated States of Micronesia
Federated States of Micronesia
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem
Patriots of Micronesia
Capital Palikir
6°55′N, 158°9′E
Largest city Weno
Official languages English (national), Ulithian, Woleaian, Yapese, Pohnpeian, Kosraean, and Chuukese (at state or local level)
Government Constitutional government1
 -  President Joseph J. Urusemal
Independence from US-administered UN Trusteeship 
 -  Date 3 November 1986 
Area
 -  Total 702 km² (188th)
271 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  July 2006 estimate 108,500 (192nd)
 -  2000 census 107,000 
 -  Density 154 /km² (66th)
399 /sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2002 estimate
 -  Total $277 million2 (215th)
 -  Per capita $2,000 (180th)
HDI (2003) n/a (unranked) (n/a)
Currency United States dollar (USD)
Time zone (UTC+10)
 -  Summer (DST)  (UTCnot observed)
Internet TLD .fm
Calling code +691
1 In free association with the United States.
2 GDP is supplemented by grant aid, averaging around $100 million annually (2002 estimate).
3 2002 estimate.

Micronesia, officially the Federated States of Micronesia, is an island nation located in the Pacific Ocean, northeast of Papua New Guinea. The country is a sovereign state in free association with the United States. The Federated States of Micronesia were formerly part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, a United Nations Trust Territory under US administration. In 1979 they adopted a constitution, and in 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and dependence on U.S. aid. Image File history File links Flag_of_Micronesia. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (895x900, 434 KB) Coat of arms of Micronesia. ... Flag ratio: 10:19 The flag of the Federated States of Micronesia was adopted on November 10, 1979. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Patriots of Micronesia is the national anthem of the Federated States of Micronesia Categories: Song stubs ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Palikir (population approx. ... Weno is the largest city in the Federated States of Micronesia. ... An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Ulithian is the name of the language spoken in the Ulithi atoll. ... Woleaian is the main language of the island of Wottegai and surrounding islands in the state of Chuuk of the Federated States of Micronesia. ... Yapese is a language spoken by 6,600 people on the island of Yap (Federated States of Micronesia). ... Pohnpeian is a Micronesian language of the Ponapeic-Trukic subfamily. ... Kosraean, also sometimes called Kusaiean, is the language spoken on Kusaie Island, Caroline Islands, and Nauru. ... Chuukese (also called Trukese) is a Trukic language of the Austronesian language family spoken primarily on the islands of Chuuk in the Caroline Islands in Micronesia. ... The following is a list of the Presidents of the Federated States of Micronesia: Tosiwo Nakayama (1979–1987) John Haglelgam (1987–1991) Bailey Olter (1991–1997) Jacob Nena (1997–1999, acting for Olter from November 8, 1996) Leo Falcam (1999–2003) Joseph J. Urusemal (2003–) Categories: | ... Joseph J. Urusemal Joseph John Urusemal (born March 19, 1952) is the president of the Federated States of Micronesia. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... National motto: ? Official language English? Capital Saipan Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 78 (United States) 1,779 km² Negligible Population  - Total  - Density 132,929 (1980) N/Akm² GDP  - Total  - GDP/head N/A Currency US Dollar Time zone UTC: ? Independence UN trusteeship administered by the US Internet TLD none? Calling code... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A percentage is a way of expressing a proportion, a ratio or a fraction as a whole number, by using 100 as the denominator. ... This is a list of sovereign states and other territories by population, using the most recently available official figures. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... The Purchasing power parity (PPP) theory was developed by Gustav Cassel in 1920. ... Map of world GDP (PPP) by country using the IMF list for 2005 There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... Map of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita, based on the 2005 IMF data. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2004). ... Coloured world map indicating Human Development Index (2004) This is a list of countries by Human Development Index as included in the United Nations Development Programmes Human Development Report 2006, compiled on the basis of 2004 data. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, Cambodia, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precison atomic time standard. ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precison atomic time standard. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... .fm is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the Federated States of Micronesia, a group of islands located in the Pacific Ocean. ... This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E.164. ... An island nation is a country that is wholly confined to an island or islands. ... This article discusses states as sovereign political entities. ... An associated state is used to describe a free relationship between a territory and a larger nation. ... National motto: ? Official language English? Capital Saipan Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 78 (United States) 1,779 km² Negligible Population  - Total  - Density 132,929 (1980) N/Akm² GDP  - Total  - GDP/head N/A Currency US Dollar Time zone UTC: ? Independence UN trusteeship administered by the US Internet TLD none? Calling code... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... The Compact of Free Association (COFA) defines the relationship that three sovereign states—the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) and the Republic of Palau—have entered into as Associated States with the United States. ...


The Federated States of Micronesia are located in the region known as Micronesia, which consists of hundreds of small islands divided in seven territories. The term Micronesia may refer to the Federated States or to the region as a whole.

Contents

History

Main article: History of the Federated States of Micronesia

The ancestors of the Micronesians settled over four thousand years ago. A decentralized chieftain-based system eventually evolved into a more centralized economic and religious empire centered on Yap. The Federated States of Micronesia are located on the Caroline Islands in the western Pacific Ocean. ... The Micronesian Empire was a centralized economic and religious empire centered on Yap, that was developed from a decentralized chieftain-based social system. ... Map of Yap State Map of Yap Islands Yap is an island in the Caroline Islands of the western Pacific Ocean, the westernmost state of the Federated States of Micronesia. ...


Nan Madol, consisting of a series of small artificial islands linked by a network of canals, is often called the Venice of the Pacific. It is located near the island of Pohnpei and used to be the ceremonial and political seat of the Saudeleur dynasty that united Pohnpei's estimated 25,000 people from about AD 500 until 1500, when the centralized system collapsed. Nan Madol Nan Madol, consisting of a series of small artificial islands linked by a network of canals, is often called the Venice of the Pacific. ... Before Mexico City, Tenochtitlan was an artificial island of 250,000 (Dr Atl) Dejima, not allowed direct contact with nearby Nagasaki Formoza (Gdynia) The World in Dubai An artificial island is an island that has been formed by human, rather than natural means. ... World Class Surf of Pohnpeis Palikir Pass a. ... Dionysius Exiguus invented Anno Domini years to date Easter. ...


European explorers — first the Portuguese in search of the Spice Islands (Indonesia) and then the Spanish — reached the Carolines in the sixteenth century, with the Spanish establishing sovereignty. It was sold to Germany in 1899, conquered by Japan in 1914, before being seized by the United States during World War II and administered by the US under United Nations auspices in 1947 as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. Spice Islands most commonly refers to the Maluku Islands (formerly the Moluccas), which lie on the equator, between Sulawesi (Celebes) and New Guinea in what is now Indonesia. ... The Caroline Islands should not be confused with Caroline Island, part of Kiribati (Southern Line Islands), also in the central Pacific. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ...


During World War II, a significant portion of the Japanese fleet was based in Truk Lagoon. In February 1944, Operation Hailstone, one of the most important naval battles of the war, took place at Truk, in which many Japanese support vessels and aircraft were destroyed. Truk Lagoon is a sheltered body of water almost fifty miles long by thirty miles wide surrounded by a protective reef. ... Attack on Truk Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date 17 February 1944 – 18 February 1944 Place Truk, Caroline Islands Result Decisive American victory In World War II, Operation Hailstone was a massive naval air attack launched on 17 February and 18 February 1944 against the Japanese naval and...


On May 10, 1979, four of the Trust Territory districts ratified a new constitution to become the Federated States of Micronesia. Palau, the Marshall Islands, and the Northern Mariana Islands chose not to participate. The FSM signed a Compact of Free Association with the United States of America, which entered into force on November 3, 1986, marking Micronesia's emergence from trusteeship to independence. May 10 is the 130th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (131st in leap years). ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Politics

The Federated States of Micronesia are governed by the 1979 constitution, which guarantees fundamental human rights and establishes a separation of governmental powers. The unicameral Congress has fourteen members elected by popular vote. Four senators — one from each state — serve four-year terms; the remaining ten senators represent single-member districts based on population, and serve two-year terms. The President and Vice President are elected by Congress from among the four state-based senators to serve four-year terms in the executive branch. Their congressional seats are then filled by special elections. The president and vice president are supported by an appointed cabinet. There are no formal political parties. The internal workings of the Federated States of Micronesia are governed by the 1979 constitution, which guarantees fundamental human rights and establishes a separation of governmental powers. ...


In international politics, the Federated States of Micronesia, since associated with the United States, are traditionally known as keen supporters of the State of Israel, voting almost consistently in its favor at the United Nations General Assembly.[1] The United Nations General Assembly (GA) is one of the five principal organs of the United Nations. ...


Administrative divisions

The four states in the federation are:

Flag State Capital Land area[2] Population[3] Population density
Flag of Chuuk Chuuk Weno 127 km2 53,595 1,088 per km2
Flag of Kosrae Kosrae Tofol 110 km2 7,686 70 per km2
Flag of Pohnpei Pohnpei Kolonia 346 km2 34,486 100 per km2
Yap Colonia 118 km2 11,241 95 per km2

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 369 × 185 pixelsFull resolution (369 × 185 pixel, file size: 4 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Federated States of Micronesia ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Weno is the largest city in the Federated States of Micronesia. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 369 × 194 pixelsFull resolution (369 × 194 pixel, file size: 2 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Federated States of Micronesia ... Map of Kosrae State Kosrae (pronounced in English), also known as Kusaie, is an island in Micronesia. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 431 × 212 pixelsFull resolution (431 × 212 pixel, file size: 11 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Federated States of Micronesia ... World Class Surf of Pohnpeis Palikir Pass a. ... Kolonia is a coastal town in Sokehs municipality and the capital of Pohnpei State in the Federated States of Micronesia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Map of Yap State Map of Yap Islands Yap is an island in the Caroline Islands of the western Pacific Ocean, the westernmost state of the Federated States of Micronesia. ... View of Colonia, Yap Colonia is the capital of the State of Yap, one of the Federated States of Micronesia. ...

Geography

Map of the Federated States of Micronesia
Map of the Federated States of Micronesia

The Federated States of Micronesia consists of 607 islands extending 1,800 miles (2,900 km) across the archipelago of the Caroline Islands east of the Philippines. The four constituent island groups are Yap, Chuuk (called Truk until January 1990), Pohnpei (known as "Ponape" until November 1984), and Kosrae. These four states are each represented by a white star on the national flag. The capital is Palikir, on Pohnpei. Download high resolution version (1336x1114, 140 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Federated States of Micronesia Categories: Central Intelligence Agency images ... Download high resolution version (1336x1114, 140 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Federated States of Micronesia Categories: Central Intelligence Agency images ... The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) consists of 607 islands extending 1,800 miles (2,900 km) across the archipelago of the Caroline Islands east of the Philippines. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... Look out for the kooks who run a surf camp there. ... Map of Yap State Map of Yap Islands Yap is an island in the Caroline Islands of the western Pacific Ocean, the westernmost state of the Federated States of Micronesia. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... World Class Surf of Pohnpeis Palikir Pass a. ... Map of Kosrae State Kosrae (pronounced in English), also known as Kusaie, is an island in Micronesia. ... Palikir (population approx. ...


The country has seven official languages: English, Ulithian, Woleaian, Yapese, Pohnpeian, Kosraean, and Chuukese. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Ulithian is the name of the language spoken in the Ulithi atoll. ... Woleaian is the main language of the island of Woleai and surrounding islands in the state of Yap of the Federated States of Micronesia. ... Yapese is a language spoken by 6,600 people on the island of Yap (Federated States of Micronesia). ... Pohnpeian is a Micronesian language of the Ponapeic-Trukic subfamily. ... Kosraean, also sometimes called Kusaiean, is the language spoken on Kusaie Island, Caroline Islands, and Nauru. ... Chuukese (also called Trukese) is a Trukic language of the Austronesian language family spoken primarily on the islands of Chuuk in the Caroline Islands in Micronesia. ...


The other languages spoken in Micronesia are Pingelapese, Ngatikese, Satawalese, Kapingamarangi Language, Nukuoro Language, Puluwatese, and Mokilese. Pingelapese is a Micronesian language of the Ponapeic-Trukic subfamily. ... Kapingamarangi is an Austronesian language spoken in the Federated States of Micronesia. ...


Economy

Economic activity of the Federated States of Micronesia consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate. Long line tuna fishing is also viable with foreign vessels from Taiwan and China operated in the 1990s. The potential for a tourist industry exists, but the remoteness of the location and a lack of adequate facilities hinder development. Financial assistance from the US is the primary source of revenue, with the US pledged to spend $1.3 billion in the islands in 1986-2001. Geographical isolation and a poorly developed infrastructure are major impediments to long-term growth. Economy - overview: Economic activity of the Federated States of Micronesia consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing. ...


The nation uses the US dollar as their currency.


Demographics

The indigenous population of the Federated States of Micronesia, which is predominantly Micronesian, consists of various ethnolinguistic groups. English has become the common language. Population growth remains high at more than 3% annually, offset somewhat by net emigration. The Demographics of the Federated States of Micronesia refers to the population characteristics of people who inhabit the Federated States of Micronesia. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Pohnpei is notable for the prevalence of the extreme form of color blindness known as maskun. Color blindness in humans is the inability to perceive differences between some or all colors that other people can distinguish. ... Maskun is a medical condition (also called achromatopsia) characterized by a low cone count or lack of function in cone cells; these are the light receptors responsible for colour perception. ...


Culture

Each of the four States has its own culture and traditions, but there are also common cultural and economic bonds that are centuries old. For example, cultural similarities like the importance of the traditional extended family and clan systems can be found on all the islands.

A large (approximately 8 feet (2.4 m) in height) example of Yapese stone money in the village of Gachpar.
A large (approximately 8 feet (2.4 m) in height) example of Yapese stone money in the village of Gachpar.

The island of Yap is notable for its "stone money" (Rai stones), large disks usually of calcite, up to 12 feet (4 m) in diameter, with a hole in the middle. The islanders, aware of the owner of a piece, do not necessarily move them when ownership changes. There are five major types: Mmbul, Gaw, Ray, Yar, and Reng, the last being only 1 foot (0.3 m) in diameter. Their value is based on both size and history, many of them having been brought from other islands, as far as New Guinea, but most coming in ancient times from Palau. Approximately 6,500 of them are scattered around the island. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (900x732, 304 KB)Yap stone money at the village of Gachpar on Yap. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (900x732, 304 KB)Yap stone money at the village of Gachpar on Yap. ... Rai stones are large, circular stone disks carved out of limestone in the island of Yap, Micronesia. ... A foot (plural: feet) is a non-SI unit of distance or length, measuring around a third of a metre. ... The metre (or meter, see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ...

See also: Music of the Federated States of Micronesia

The Federated States of Micronesia is a country in the Pacific Ocean, inhabited mostly by people of Micronesian descent, along with a minority of Polynesians. ...

Miscellaneous topics

Telephones - main lines in use: 8,000 (1995) Telephones - mobile cellular: NA Telephone system: domestic: islands interconnected by shortwave radiotelephone (used mostly for government purposes) international: satellite earth stations - 4 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean) Radio broadcast stations: AM 5, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998) Radios: NA Television broadcast stations: 2 (1997... The Government of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) conducts its own foreign relations. ... The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is a sovereign, self-governing state in free association with the United States, which is wholly responsible for its defense. ... Scouting in the Federated States of Micronesia is presently in a state of development and growth. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ...

Notes

The Jewish Virtual Library is an online encyclopedia published by the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise (AICE), notable for its strong pro-Israel views. ...

External links

Find more information on Federated States of Micronesia by searching Wikipedia's sister projects
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Source texts from Wikisource
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Learning resources from Wikiversity

Government Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ...

General

Social networking

  • Yapese.com - Connecting hundreds of Micronesians around the globe.

Travel

Maps

  • Map of Micronesia
  • Nan Madol islet complex Provides computer based reconstruction of the main islets and features.

References

  1. US-CIA. CIA - The World Factbook: Federated States of Micronesia. The World Factbook. United States of America: Central Intelligence Agency. 2003.
Geographic locale

  Results from FactBites:
 
Federated States of Micronesia - definition of Federated States of Micronesia in Encyclopedia (1004 words)
The Federated States of Micronesia are a constitutional government in free association with the United States, located in the Pacific Ocean, northeast of Papua New Guinea.
The Federated States of Micronesia are located in the region known as Micronesia, which consists of hundreds of small islands divided in seven territories.
Economic activity of the Federated States of Micronesia consists primarily of subsistence farming and fishing.
Encyclopedia4U - Federated States of Micronesia - Encyclopedia Article (231 words)
The Federated States of Micronesia are a constitutional government in free association with the US, located in the Pacific Ocean northeast of Papua New Guinea.
The Federated States of Micronesia were formerly part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, a United Nations Trust Territory under US administration.
The Federated States of Micronesia is comprised of four states, Kosrae, Pohnpei, Chuuk and Yap, which are represented by four white stars on the national flag.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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