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Encyclopedia > Federal judicial appointment history

The appointment of federal judges has become viewed as a political process in the last several decades. This is especially true of U.S. Supreme Court and court of appeals appointments. These charts show the composition of the Supreme and circuit courts at the end of each four year Presidential term, categorizing the judges by the Presidential term during which they were nominated for their seat. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The United States courts of appeals (or circuit courts) are the mid-level appellate courts of the United States federal court system. ...


Most federal courts currently have a majority of Republican President appointees. Courts with a higher percentage of Republican appointed judges tend to be more conservative than those with many Democratic appointees, although the party of the President who appointed a judge is not always a good indicator of that judge's judicial philosophy and place on the political spectrum.


* as of January 31, 2006 January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents


Supreme Court

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
HST
2
FDR
/HST
FDR 3 FDR 2 FDR 1
current*
9
7
2
-
2
-
-
2
2
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2004
9
7
2
-
-
-
-
2
2
2
1
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2000
9
7
2
-
-
-
-
2
2
2
1
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1996
9
7
2
-
-
-
-
2
2
2
1
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1992
9
8
1
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
1
-
1
2
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1988
9
7
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
1
2
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1984
9
7
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
4
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1980
9
7
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
4
1
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
1976
9
7
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
4
1
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
1972
9
6
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
1
1
1
1
-
-
-
1
-
1968
9
4
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
1
3
-
-
-
2
-
1964
9
4
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
3
1
-
-
2
-
1960
9
5
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
3
1
-
-
3
-
1956
9
3
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
1
1
-
4
-

Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...

Courts of appeals (summary of 13 circuits combined)

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
current*
179
96
67
16
6
32
34
26
28
20
8
7
1
1
-
-
-
-
2004
179
94
69
16
-
34
34
26
29
21
8
9
1
1
-
-
-
-
2000
179
76
78
25
-
-
34
30
35
28
11
14
1
1
-
-
-
-
1996
179
105
54
20
-
-
-
30
40
45
14
22
3
2
1
1
-
1
1992
179
119
42
18
-
-
-
-
40
50
20
40
5
3
1
1
-
1
1988
168
96
62
10
-
-
-
-
-
50
26
53
9
10
8
1
-
1
1984
168
66
76
26
-
-
-
-
-
-
33
57
15
17
14
5
-
1
1980
140
50
86
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
59
16
30
19
8
2
2
Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
current*
100%
54%
37%
9%
3%
18%
19%
15%
16%
11%
4%
4%
1%
1%
-
-
-
-
2004
100%
52%
39%
9%
-
19%
19%
15%
16%
12%
4%
5%
1%
1%
-
-
-
-
2000
100%
42%
44%
14%
-
-
19%
17%
20%
16%
6%
8%
1%
1%
-
-
-
-
1996
100%
59%
30%
11%
-
-
-
17%
22%
25%
8%
12%
2%
1%
1%
1%
-
1%
1992
100%
67%
23%
10%
-
-
-
-
22%
28%
11%
22%
3%
2%
1%
1%
-
1%
1988
100%
57%
37%
6%
-
-
-
-
-
30%
16%
32%
5%
6%
5%
1%
-
1%
1984
100%
39%
45%
16%
-
-
-
-
-
-
20%
34%
9%
10%
8%
3%
-
1%
1980
100%
36%
61%
3%
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
42%
11%
21%
14%
6%
1%
1%

The United States courts of appeals (or circuit courts) are the mid-level appellate courts of the United States federal court system. ...

Partisan mix of the circuit courts

Partisan mix of the courts
(ranked in partisan order)
as of January 31, 2006
Percentage
appointed
by
Republicans
Percentage
appointed
by
Democrats
Republican/
Democrat/
Vacant
8th Circuit
82%
18%
9/2/0
5th
75%
25%
12/4/1
7th
73%
27%
8/3/0
Federal
67%
33%
8/4/1
DC
67%
33%
6/3/3
1st
67%
33%
4/2/0
10th
64%
36%
7/4/3
4th
62%
38%
8/5/2
6th
60%
40%
9/6/1
Total of 13 circuits
59%
41%
96/67/16
11th
58%
42%
7/5/0
2nd
42%
58%
5/7/1
3rd
45%
55%
5/6/3
9th
33%
67%
8/16/4

First Circuit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
current*
6
4
2
-
-
1
1
1
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
2004
6
4
2
-
-
1
1
1
1
1
1
-
-
-
-
2000
6
4
2
-
-
-
1
1
2
1
1
-
-
-
-
1996
6
5
1
-
-
-
-
1
3
1
1
-
-
-
-
1992
6
5
1
-
-
-
-
-
3
1
1
1
-
-
-
1988
6
3
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
2
-
1
1
1984
6
2
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
-
1
1
1980
4
1
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
1
1

Second Circuit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
current*
13
5
7
1
-
3
5
2
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2004
13
5
7
1
-
3
5
2
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2000
13
2
10
1
-
-
5
4
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1996
13
5
6
2
-
-
-
4
3
1
1
2
-
-
-
-
1992
13
10
2
1
-
-
-
-
3
3
3
2
1
-
-
-
1988
13
9
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
3
4
2
1
1
1
-
1984
13
7
4
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
2
2
1
1
1
1980
11
6
4
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
4
1
1

Third Circuit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
current*
14
5
6
3
-
3
4
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
2004
14
8
6
-
-
4
4
1
2
2
-
1
-
-
-
2000
14
6
6
2
-
-
4
1
2
3
1
1
-
-
-
1996
14
11
2
1
-
-
-
1
3
7
1
1
-
-
-
1992
14
11
1
2
-
-
-
-
3
7
1
1
-
-
-
1988
12
9
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
1
2
-
1
1
1984
12
6
4
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
1
4
2
1980
10
6
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
5
2

Fourth Circuit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
current*
15
8
5
2
-
2
3
2
3
1
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
2004
15
8
5
2
-
2
3
2
3
1
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
2000
15
6
5
4
-
-
3
2
3
1
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
1996
15
9
4
2
-
-
-
2
4
1
1
2
1
2
-
-
-
1992
15
9
3
3
-
-
-
-
4
1
1
3
1
2
-
-
-
1988
11
6
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
4
1
2
1
-
-
1984
11
6
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
4
1
2
1
-
-
1980
10
4
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
1
2
2
-
1

Fifth Circuit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
current*
17
12
4
1
1
2
-
3
4
2
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2004
17
11
4
2
-
2
-
3
4
2
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2000
17
9
5
3
-
-
-
4
4
2
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1996
17
11
6
-
-
-
-
4
4
3
4
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
1992
17
11
2
4
-
-
-
-
4
3
4
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
1988
16
9
6
1
-
-
-
-
-
3
4
6
1
1
-
-
-
-
1984
16
7
7
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
7
1
1
-
-
-
-
1980
14
3
10
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
1
1
2
-
-
1

Note: The 5th Circuit judges who were transferred to the 11th Circuit in 1982 are not included in the 5th Circuit numbers for 1980.


Sixth Circuit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
current*
16
9
6
1
3
4
2
3
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
2004
16
6
6
4
-
4
2
3
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
2000
16
5
7
4
-
-
2
3
3
2
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
1996
16
7
6
3
-
-
-
3
3
4
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
1992
16
9
5
2
-
-
-
-
3
5
1
5
-
-
-
-
-
1988
16
10
5
1
-
-
-
-
-
5
3
5
1
1
-
-
-
1984
16
6
6
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
5
1
1
-
1
-
1980
11
3
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
1
1
1
1
1

Seventh Circuit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
current*
11
8
3
-
-
1
1
2
1
4
2
-
-
-
-
-
2004
11
8
3
-
-
1
1
2
1
4
2
-
-
-
-
-
2000
11
8
3
-
-
-
1
2
1
4
3
-
-
-
-
-
1996
11
8
3
-
-
-
-
2
1
4
3
-
-
-
1
-
1992
11
9
2
-
-
-
-
-
1
4
3
1
1
-
1
-
1988
11
9
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
3
1
2
-
1
-
1984
11
6
2
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
1
2
-
1
-
1980
9
4
4
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
2
2
1

Eighth Circuit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
current*
11
9
2
-
-
6
1
1
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
2004
11
9
2
-
-
6
1
1
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
2000
11
6
4
1
-
-
1
1
3
2
1
2
-
-
-
1996
11
8
3
-
-
-
-
1
3
3
2
2
-
-
-
1992
11
9
2
-
-
-
-
-
3
3
3
2
-
-
-
1988
10
6
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
3
3
2
-
-
1
1984
10
4
5
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
2
-
1
3
1980
9
3
5
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
2
3

Ninth Circuit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
current*
28
8
16
4
-
4
11
2
2
2
-
3
-
-
-
-
2004
28
8
16
4
-
4
11
2
2
2
-
3
-
-
-
-
2000
28
7
18
3
-
-
11
3
4
3
-
4
-
-
-
-
1996
28
10
10
8
-
-
-
3
4
6
-
6
-
-
-
1
1992
28
14
13
1
-
-
-
-
4
7
2
12
-
1
-
1
1988
28
11
14
3
-
-
-
-
-
7
2
13
-
2
-
1
1984
28
8
16
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
15
3
2
-
1
1980
23
7
16
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
15
3
4
-
1

Tenth Circuit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
current*
12
7
4
1
-
4
-
4
1
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
2004
12
7
5
-
-
4
-
4
1
2
-
1
-
-
-
-
2000
12
5
5
2
-
-
-
4
1
4
-
1
-
-
-
-
1996
12
7
5
-
-
-
-
4
1
6
-
1
-
-
-
-
1992
12
7
3
2
-
-
-
-
1
6
-
3
-
-
-
-
1988
10
6
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
3
-
-
1
-
1984
10
1
4
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
1
1
-
1980
8
3
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
3
1
1

Eleventh Circuit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ
current*
12
7
5
-
-
1
3
1
4
1
-
1
1
-
-
2004
12
7
5
-
-
1
3
1
4
1
-
1
1
-
-
2000
12
6
5
1
-
-
3
1
4
1
-
1
1
-
-
1996
12
8
2
2
-
-
-
1
4
2
-
1
2
-
-
1992
12
8
3
1
-
-
-
-
4
2
-
3
2
-
-
1988
12
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
6
3
1
-
1984
12
4
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
3
1
1
1980
12
4
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
3
1
1

Note: In 1980, the 11th Circuit had not yet been created, but the judges that were later transfered to the 11th Circuit from the 5th Circuit are shown here.


DC Circuit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
current*
12
6
3
3
2
-
-
3
2
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
2004
12
5
4
3
-
1
-
3
2
2
-
1
-
-
-
-
2000
12
5
4
3
-
-
-
3
2
3
-
1
-
-
-
-
1996
12
6
5
1
-
-
-
3
2
4
-
2
-
-
-
-
1992
12
7
4
1
-
-
-
-
2
5
-
4
-
-
-
-
1988
12
6
5
1
-
-
-
-
-
5
1
4
-
-
1
-
1984
12
3
7
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
4
-
-
2
1
1980
11
3
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
3
2
2

Federal Circuit

Year Total Appointed
by
Republicans
Appointed
by
Democrats
Vacant GWB
2
GWB
1
WJC
2
WJC
1
GHWB RWR
2
RWR
1
JEC RMN
/GRF
RMN
1
LBJ JFK
/LBJ
DDE
2
DDE
1
current*
12
8
4
-
-
1
3
1
4
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2004
12
8
4
-
-
1
3
1
4
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2000
12
7
4
1
-
-
3
1
4
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1996
12
10
1
1
-
-
-
1
5
3
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1992
12
10
1
1
-
-
-
-
5
3
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1988
12
7
3
2
-
-
-
-
-
3
2
3
-
1
-
-
-
1
1984
12
7
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
3
1
3
1
1
-
1
1980
11
6
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
1
4
1
1
-
1

Note: The Federal Circuit was created in 1982. The judges that sat on the courts that were combined into the Federal circuit are shown in 1980 for trend comparison purposes.


Acronym key

Acronym President Term Date Range
GWB 2 George W. Bush second January 20, 2005 - present
GWB 1 George W. Bush first January 20, 2001 - January 20, 2005
WJC 2 Bill Clinton second January 20, 1997 - January 20, 2001
WJC 1 Bill Clinton first January 20, 1993 - January 20, 1997
GHWB George H. W. Bush only January 20, 1989 - January 20, 1993
RWR 2 Ronald Reagan second January 20, 1985 - January 20, 1989
RWR 1 Ronald Reagan first January 20, 1981 - January 20, 1985
JEC Jimmy Carter only January 20, 1977 - January 20, 1981
RMN/GRF Nixon and Ford split January 20, 1973 - January 20, 1977
RMN 1 Richard Nixon first January 20, 1969 - January 20, 1973
LBJ Lyndon Johnson second January 20, 1965 - January 20, 1969
JFK/LBJ Kennedy and Johnson split January 20, 1961 - January 20, 1965
DDE 2 Dwight Eisenhower second January 20, 1957 - January 20, 1961
DDE 1 Dwight Eisenhower first January 20, 1953 - January 20, 1957

George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... George Herbert Walker Bush, GCB, (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States (1989–1993). ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... For the submarine, see USS Jimmy Carter (SSN-23). ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday For other uses, see Number 1969. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908–January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link goes to calendar). ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday For other uses, see Number 1969. ... JFK redirects here. ... Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908–January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link goes to calendar). ... Dwight David Ike Eisenhower (October 14, 1890–March 28, 1969), American soldier and politician, was the 34th President of the United States (1953–1961) and supreme commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II, with the rank of General of the Army. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Dwight David Ike Eisenhower (October 14, 1890–March 28, 1969), American soldier and politician, was the 34th President of the United States (1953–1961) and supreme commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II, with the rank of General of the Army. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also


John Roberts, now Chief Justice, is pictured here with President Bush at the announcement of his first nomination on July 19, 2005. ... A federal judge is a judge appointed in accordance with Article III of the United States Constitution. ...

United States courts of appeals

1st Circuit | 2nd Circuit | 3rd Circuit | 4th Circuit | 5th Circuit | 6th Circuit | 7th Circuit
8th Circuit | 9th Circuit | 10th Circuit | 11th Circuit | DC Circuit | Federal Circuit
The United States courts of appeals (or circuit courts) are the mid-level appellate courts of the United States federal court system. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2200x1699, 99 KB)Map of the geographic boundaries of the various United States Courts of Appeals and United States District Courts. ... The United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States District Courts: District of Maine District of Massachusetts District of New Hampshire District of Puerto Rico District of Rhode Island The court is based at the John Joseph... The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts: District of Connecticut Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western Districts of New York District of Vermont The Second Circuit hears argument at the Thurgood Marshall U... The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States District Courts: District of Delaware District of New Jersey Western, Middle, and Eastern Districts of Pennsylvania District of the United States Virgin Islands The court is based at... The United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States district courts: District of Maryland Western, Middle, and Eastern Districts of North Carolina District of South Carolina Western and Eastern Districts of Virginia Northern and Southern Districts of... The United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States District Courts: Western, Middle, and Eastern Districts of Louisiana Northern and Southern Districts of Mississippi Western, Eastern, Northern, and Southern Districts of Texas The court is based at... The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts: Western and Eastern Districts of Kentucky Western and Eastern Districts of Michigan Northern and Southern Districts of Ohio Western, Middle, and Eastern Districts of Tennessee... The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States district courts: Central, Northern, and Southern Districts of Illinois Northern and Southern Districts of Indiana Eastern and Western Districts of Wisconsin The court is based at the Dirksen... The United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States district courts: Eastern and Western Districts of Arkansas Northern and Southern Districts of Iowa District of Minnesota Eastern and Western Districts of Missouri District of Nebraska District of... United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States district courts: District of Colorado District of Kansas District of New Mexico Eastern, Northern, and Western Districts of Oklahoma District of Utah District of Wyoming These districts were... The United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States district courts: Northern, Middle, and Southern Districts of Alabama Northern, Middle, and Southern Districts of Florida Northern, Middle, and Southern Districts of Georgia These districts were originally part... The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, known informally as the D.C. Circuit, is the federal appellate court for the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. ... The United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, or simply the Federal Circuit, was founded in 1982 to combine similar federal cases to a specialized appellate court. ...



External links

Ideological Voting on Federal Courts of Appeals


 
 

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