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Encyclopedia > Federal Information Processing Standard

Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. Many FIPS standards are modified versions of standards used in the wider community (ANSI, IEEE, ISO, etc.) The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a private, non-profit standards organization that produces industrial standards in the United States. ... The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers or IEEE (pronounced as eye-triple-ee) is an international non-profit, professional organization incorporated in the State of New York, United States. ... Logo of the International Organization for Standardization The International Organization for Standardization (ISO or iso) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from national standards bodies. ...


Some FIPS standards were originally developed by the U.S. government. For instance, standards for encoding data (e.g. country codes), but more significantly some encryption standards, such as the Data Encryption Standard (FIPS 46) and the Advanced Encryption Standard. General Designer(s) IBM First published 1975 (January 1977 as the standard) Derived from Lucifer (cipher) Cipher(s) based on this design Triple DES, G-DES, DES-X, LOKI89, ICE Algorithm detail Block size(s) 64 bits Key size(s) 56 bits Structure Feistel network Number of rounds 16 Best... General Designer(s) Vincent Rijmen and Joan Daemen First published 1998 Derived from Square (cipher) Cipher(s) based on this design Crypton (cypher), Anubis (cipher), GRAND CRU Algorithm detail Block size(s) 128 bits note Key size(s) 128, 192 or 256 bits note Structure Substitution-permutation network Number of...


Examples of FIPS standards:

All similar to or comparable with ISO 3166, or the NUTS standard of the European Union. Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) two-letter country codes (FIPS 10-4) are used by the US Government for data processing, and in the CIA World Factbook. ... FIPS place codes are a U.S. Federal Information Processing Standard for geographic coding of human settlements in the United States. ... FIPS county codes are a Federal Information Processing Standard for five-digit codes used to uniquely identify counties and county equivalents in the United States, certain U.S. possessions, and certain freely associated states. ... A two-digit Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code (FIPS 5-2) uniquely identifies a state, territory, or commonwealth within or of the U.S.. These codes are used by the U.S. Census Bureau, by the Department of Agriculture to form milk-processing plant numbers, and in the Emergency... ISO 3166 is a three-part geographic coding standard for coding the names of countries and dependent areas, and the principal subdivisions thereof. ... The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) is a geocode standard for referencing the administrative division of countries for statistical purposes. ...


See also

FIPS 140 (Federal Information Processing Standards Publication 140) is a United States federal standard that specifies security requirements for cryptography modules. ... FIPS 201 (Federal Information Processing Standards Publication 201) is a United States federal standard that specifies Personal Identity Verification (or PIV) requirements for Federal employees and contractors. ... This article is 200KB or more in size. ... A date in a calendar is a reference to a particular day by means of a calendar system. ...

External links

  • FIPS homepage

  Results from FactBites:
 
Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 185 (7086 words)
The standard states that a risk analysis should be performed to determine potential threats and risk and that the costs of providing encryption using this standard as well as alternative methods and their respective costs should be projected.
Therefore, the standard was changed to state that the session key used to encrypt transmitted information shall be the same as the session key used to decrypt received information in a two-way simultaneous communication.
Four Federal government organizations and two individuals said that the standard is not an interoperability standard, that it does not specify parameter lengths and formats and placement in communications, and that the standard provides insufficient technical information for implementation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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