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Encyclopedia > Federal District of Brazil
Distrito Federal
Flag
States of Brazil
Capital Brasilia
Area 5 802 km²
Population
  - Total
  - Density

2 051 146
353.5/km²
Governor José Roberto Arruda (PFL)
Demonym Brasiliense
HDI (2000) 0.844 (high)
Timezone GMT-3
ISO 3166-2 BR-DF

The Brazilian Federal District (Portuguese: Distrito Federal [1]) is set apart for Brasília, the capital of Brazil. It is surrounded by the state of Goiás. Image File history File links Bandeira_do_Distrito_Federal. ... This is a list of flags of Brazils 26 flags ad the federal district. ... Image File history File links Brazil_State_DistritoFederal. ... It has been suggested that List of the states of Brazil by area, List of the states of Brazil by population, List of the states of Brazil by population density, List of Brazilian states by GDP, List of the states of Brazil by GDP per capita, List of the states... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Bras lia is the capital city of Brazil and is located in the center of the country in a federal district created in the state of Goi s. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Distrito Federal in Brasília Joaquim Domingos Roriz (1999-) PMDB Cristóvam R. C. Buarque (1995-1999) PT Joaquim Domingos Roriz (1991-1995) PMDB Wanderley Vallim (1990-1991) Joaquim Domingos Roriz (1988-1990) José Aparecido de Oliveira(1985-1988) Ronaldo Costa Couto (1985) José Ornellas de Souza Filho (1982-1985... The Party of the Liberal Front (Portuguese: Partido da Frente Liberal, PFL) is a political party in Brazil. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... The UN Human Development Index (HDI) measures poverty, literacy, education, life expectancy, and other factors. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... TimeZone is an Internet forum for discussion of watches and horology. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Greenwich Mean Time (Media:Example. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... ISO 3166-2 codes for Brazil cover 1 Federal District and 26 states. ... Nickname: Location of Brasília Coordinates: Region Central-West State Distrito Federal Founded 21 April 1960 Government  - Administrator Ricardo Hernane Pires Area  - City 5,802 km²  (2,240. ... Flag of Goiás See other Brazilian States Capital Goiânia Largest City Goiânia Area 341 289 km² Population   - Total   - Density 4 848 725 14. ...

Contents

History

The government was transferred to Distrito Federal in April 21, 1960, which was then split off from Goiás (major part) and Minas Gerais. Before the transfer, the Brazilian Federal District used to be the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. After the transfer, the municipality of Rio de Janeiro became the Estado da Guanabara (State of Guanabara), which existed from 1960 until 1975 when the State of Guanabara and the State of Rio de Janeiro merged, to be named the state of Rio de Janeiro. April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... Flag of Goiás See other Brazilian States Capital Goiânia Largest City Goiânia Area 341 289 km² Population   - Total   - Density 4 848 725 14. ... Flag of Minas Gerais See other Brazilian States Capital Belo Horizonte Largest City Belo Horizonte Area 586,528. ... The State of Guanabara (in Portuguese: Estado da Guanabara), was the name given to the municipality of Rio de Janeiro (now the city with the same name), after the moving of the national capital to Brasília in 1960. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Flag of Rio de Janeiro See other Brazilian States Capital Rio de Janeiro Largest City Rio de Janeiro Area 43,696. ...


Originally, the majority of the population consisted of local workers who built the capital from nothing (called "Candangos") and federal government employees who were transferred to the new capital, Brasília. The capital is a thoroughly planned city with designated areas for residence, business, schools etc. No streets have names, but are identified instead by letters and numbers arranged in a geographical system. Originally built for up to one million inhabitants, the city has recently grown way past this number. Due to its complex organization, the growth of the city itself has been slow. This has forced many to settle in neighboring cities around Brasília, which now house a significant percentage of the population of the Distrito Federal. Nickname: Location of Brasília Coordinates: Region Central-West State Distrito Federal Founded 21 April 1960 Government  - Administrator Ricardo Hernane Pires Area  - City 5,802 km²  (2,240. ...


Flag

The white color symbolizes peace, while the green and yellow colors in the middle refer to the national colors of Brazil. The four yellow arrows symbolize the native people of Brazil, their pointing into the four cardinal directions of the compass stands for the power emanating from the center. The yellow arrows also form a cross, which symbolizes the Southern Cross carried by Pedro Álvares Cabral. With their feathers they form a lozenge in the middle, another reference to the national flag of Brazil. Southern Cross is the English name of Crux Australis, a constellation visible in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Pedro Álvares Cabral. ...


The flag was created by the poet and herald Guilherme de Almeida, and was adopted by decree no. 1090 from August 25, 1969. August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ...


See also

Municipalities of Brazil This article is about the municipalities of Brazil. ...

Notes

  1. ^ The possible pronunciations in the Brazilian Portuguese are: IPA: [dis.'tɾi.tu fe.de.'ɾaw] (São Paulo and Central West); IPA: [dʒiʃ.'tɾi.tu fe.de.'ɾaw] (Rio de Janeiro); IPA: [dʒis.ˈtɾi.tu fe.de.ˈɾaw] (Minas Gerais), IPA: [dis.'tɾi.to fe.de.'ɾal] (South Region); and IPA: [diʃ.'tɾi.tu fɛedɛ.'ɾaw] (Northeast). The European Portuguese pronunciation is: /diʃ.'tɾi.tu fɨ.ðɨ.'ɾaɫ/.

Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... European Portuguese (also named Continental Portuguese or Lusitanian Portuguese) is a group of Portuguese dialects spoken in Portugal. ...

External links

Coordinates: 15°46′48″S, 47°55′48″W Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The Indigenous peoples in Brazil (povos indígenas in Portuguese) comprise a large number of distinct ethnic groups who inhabited the countrys present territory prior to its discovery by Europeans around 1500. ... // The Age of Exploration The discovery of Brazil was preceded by a series of treaties between the kings of Portugal and Castille, the last of them is the Treaty of Tordesillas, signed in 1494, creating the Tordesillas Meridian, that divided the world between that two kingdoms. ... After its independence from the Portuguese on September 7, 1822, Brazil became a monarchy, the Brazilian Empire, which lasted until the establishment of the Republican government on November 15, 1889. ... // The Constitutionalist Revolution From 1889 to 1930, the government was a constitutional democracy, with the presidency alternating between the dominant states of São Paulo and Minas Gerais. ... // Depression, coffee oligarchs, and the Revolution of 1930 The Great Depression The tenente rebellion (See History of Brazil (1889-1930)) did not mark the revolutionary breakthrough of Brazils bourgeois social reformers. ... // End of the Estado Novo As World War II ended with Brazil participating on the Allied side, President Getúlio Vargas moved to liberalize his own fascist-influenced Estado Novo regime. ... The military maintained power in Brazil from 1964 until March 1985 because of political struggles within the regime and Brazilian elite. ... After the end of the military dictatorship, Brazil went into a troubled process of redemocratization. ... Politics of Brazil takes place in a framework of a federal presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Brazil is both head of state and head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... Brazilian Presidential Standard The first president of Brazil was Deodoro da Fonseca, who proclaimed the republic in a military coup detât against the Emperor Dom Pedro II. Since then, Brazil had six constitutions, two dictatorships and three democratic periods. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... National flag and ensign. ... The Coat of Arms of Brazil was created in November 19, 1889, 4 days after Brazil became a republic. ... This article lists political parties in Brazil. ... Banco do Brasil branch. ... Caixa Econômica Federal, also reffered to as CAIXA, is a Brazilian bank, one of the largest publicly-owned banks in Latin America. ... Embraer, the Empresa Brasileira de Aeronáutica S.A. is a Brazilian aircraft manufacturer. ... Petrobras, short for Petróleo Brasileiro S.A., is a government-owned Brazilian oil company headquartered in Rio de Janeiro. ... Companhia Vale do Rio Doce Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (CVRD) is the largest mining company in the americas. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Brazil is currently divided in five regions, by the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica (IBGE). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Image:Brasil Norte vincent harley rocks maploc. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The southern region of Brazil is one of the five administrative regions of Brazil. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that List of the states of Brazil by area, List of the states of Brazil by population, List of the states of Brazil by population density, List of Brazilian states by GDP, List of the states of Brazil by GDP per capita, List of the states... Flag of Acre See other Brazilian States Capital Rio Branco Largest City Rio Branco Area 152 522 km² Population   - Total   - Density 557 526 3. ... Flag of Alagoas See other Brazilian States Capital Maceió Largest City Maceió Area 27 818 km² Population   - Total   - Density 2 822 621 101. ... Flag of Amapá See other Brazilian States Capital Macapá Largest City Macapá Area 142 816 km² Population   - Total   - Density 477 032 3. ... Flag of Amazonas See other Brazilian States Capital Manaus Largest City Manaus Area 1 570 947 km² Population   - Total   - Density 3,332,330 inh. ... Flag of Bahia See other Brazilian States Capital Salvador Largest City Salvador Area 564 273 km² Population   - Total   - Density 13 070 250 23. ... Flag of Ceará See other Brazilian States Capital Fortaleza Largest City Fortaleza Area 148,016 km² Population   - Total   - Density 6,500,000 43. ... Flag of Espírito Santo See other Brazilian States Capital Vitória Largest City Vila Velha Area 46,184 km² Population   - Total   - Density 3 097 232 58. ... Flag of Goiás See other Brazilian States Capital Goiânia Largest City Goiânia Area 341 289 km² Population   - Total   - Density 4 848 725 14. ... Maranhão is one of the states of Brazil in the north-eastern region. ... Flag of Mato Grosso See other Brazilian States Capital Cuiabá Largest City Cuiabá Area 906,806. ... Flag of Mato Grosso do Sul See other Brazilian States Capital Campo Grande Largest City Campo Grande Area 358,158. ... Flag of Minas Gerais See other Brazilian States Capital Belo Horizonte Largest City Belo Horizonte Area 586,528. ... Flag of Pará See other Brazilian States Capital Belém Largest City Belém Area 1. ... Flag of Paraíba See other Brazilian States Capital João Pessoa Largest City João Pessoa Area 56. ... Flag of Paraná See other Brazilian States Capital Curitiba Largest City Curitiba Area 199,544 km² Population   - Total   - Density 9,150,000 48 inh. ... Flag of Pernambuco See other Brazilian States Capital Recife Largest City Recife Area 98,281 km² Population   - Total   - Density 7,918,344 80. ... Flag of Piauí See other Brazilian States Capital Teresina Largest City Teresina Area 250,934 km² Population   - Total   - Density 2,750,000 11 inh. ... Flag of Rio de Janeiro See other Brazilian States Capital Rio de Janeiro Largest City Rio de Janeiro Area 43,696. ... Flag of Rio Grande do Norte See other Brazilian States Capital Natal Largest City Natal Area 53,015 km² Population   - Total   - Density 2,770,730 52. ... Flag of Rio Grande do Sul See other Brazilian States Capital Porto Alegre Largest City Porto Alegre Area 282,062 km² Population   - Total   - Density 10. ... Flag of Rondônia See other Brazilian States Capital Porto Velho Largest City Porto Velho Area 238,512. ... Flag of Roraima See other Brazilian States Capital Boa Vista Largest City Boa Vista Area 225,116. ... Flag of Santa Catarina See other Brazilian States Capital Florianópolis Largest City Joinville Area 95,442. ... Flag of São Paulo See other Brazilian States Capital São Paulo Largest City São Paulo Area 248,176. ... Flag of Sergipe See other Brazilian States Capital Aracaju Largest City Aracaju Area 21,994 km² Population   - Total   - Density 1,712,786 77. ... Tocantins is one of the states of Brazil. ... The Saint Peter and Paul Rocks lie near the middle of the Atlantic Narrows. ... Rocas Atoll ( Atol das Rocas) is an atoll in the Atlantic Ocean at location 03°52′S 33°49′W. It is part of Rio Grande do Norte state, Brazil. ... Aerial view of the island from the north east Image:Orthographic projection centred over Fernando de Noronha Fernando de Noronha is an archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, around 220 miles (354 km) offshore from the Brazilian coast. ... The islands of Trindade and Martim Vaz (also called Martin Vaz), which are located 715 km East of Vitória in the Southern Atlantic Ocean, belong to the Brazilian state of Espírito Santo. ... A river in the Amazon rainforest The Amazon is a rainforest in South America. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Sertão. ... The cerrado (Portuguese: thick, dense) is a vast area of savanna-like grasslands in Brazil. ... A typical ecosystem of Mata Atlântica at Serra do Mar Mata Atlântica is the Atlantic Rain Forest formerly covering the wet coastal hills along the Atlantic coast of Brazil (mostly in the Serra do Mar). ... The pampas (from Quechua for plain) are the fertile lowlands that extend across c. ... The Pantanal is the world’s largest wetland area, a flat landscape, with gently sloping and meandering rivers. ... The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... // Brazil has conducted a periodical population census since 1872. ... Afro-Brazilian or African Brazilian is the term used to racially categorise Brazilian citizens who are black or part-black, yet it is rarely used in Brazil. ... Asian Brazilian is a Brazilian-born person of Asian descent. ... Brazilian culture is a Latin American culture of a very diverse nature. ... Mangueira samba school parades in Rio de Janeiro The Brazilian Carnival (Portuguese: ) is an annual celebration in Brazil held 40 days before Easter and marks the beginning of Lent. ... Traditional dishes in different areas of Brazil The population of Brazil is a racial mix of native Amerindians, Portuguese people, Africans, Italians, Spaniards, German people, Syrians, Lebanese and Japanese among others. ... Other holidays Dia dos Namorados is celebrated on June 12 as the Brazilian equivalent of St. ... The Literature of Brazil refers to literature written in the Portuguese language by Brazilians or in Brazil, even if prior to Brazils independence from Portugal, in 1822. ... Strong influences on the music of Brazil come from many parts of the world, but there are very popular regional music styles influenced by African and European forms. ... The beaches of Rio de Janeiro, the second largest city of Brazil, and the most popular tourist destination in the country. ... VLSat Itaipu Brazilian science and technology has achieved in the last decades a significant position in the international arena. ... The Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (Brazilian Enterprise of Agropecuary Research) is a state-owned company affiliated to the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, which is devoted to pure and applied research on agriculture. ... The National Institute for Space Research (INPE) is a search unit of the Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology (MCT), whose main goals lie in fostering scientific research and technological applications and in qualifying personnel in the fields of Space and Atmospheric Sciences and Applications and Space Engineering and Space... Instituto Butantan is a Brazilian biomedical research center affiliated to the São Paulo State Secretary of Health. ... Instituto Oswaldo Cruz is a scientific institution for research and development in biomedical sciences located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Gasoline on the left, alcohol on the right at a filling station in Brazil In Brazil, ethanol fuel is produced from sugar cane which is a more efficient source of fermentable carbohydrates than corn as well as much easier to grow and process. ... Fazenda is a parish in the district of Lajes das Flores, in the Azores. ... Telephones - main lines in use: 19 million (1997) 39 million (2005) Telephones - mobile cellular: 4 million (1997) 80 million (2005) Telephone system: good working system domestic: extensive microwave radio relay system and a domestic satellite system with 64 earth stations international: 3 coaxial submarine cables; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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