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Encyclopedia > Federal Bureau of Investigation
Federal Bureau of Investigation

Fidelity, Bravery, Integrity
Director: Robert S. Mueller III
Deputy Director: John S. Pistole
Department: Justice
Divisions:
Major units:
Lists:
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The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ), serving as both a federal criminal investigative body and a domestic intelligence agency. At present, the FBI has investigative jurisdiction over violations of more than 200 categories of federal crimes, making the FBI the de-facto lead law enforcement agency of the United States government.[1] The motto of the bureau is "Fidelity, Bravery, Integrity". FBI may stand for: Federal Bureau of Investigation Filey Bay Initiative The F.B.I. (television series) In professional wrestling, the Full Blooded Italians stable The FBI Story is a 1959 film about the Federal Bureau of Investigation Funny Business Inc. ... Image File history File links Federal Bureau of Investigation seal. ... Directors of the Federal Bureau of Investigation are appointed by the President of the United States. ... Robert Swan Mueller III (born August 7, 1944) is the current Director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation. ... The Deputy Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (or Associate Director) is a senior United States Government position in the Federal Bureau of Investigation. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Statement Of John S. Pistole Executive Assistant Director Counterterrorism/Counterintelligence Federal Bureau Of Investigation Before The House Judiciary Committee Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism and Homeland Security Wikisource has original text related to this article: Treatment of Prisoners and Detainees John S. Pistole... The Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building in Washington, D.C. “Justice Department” redirects here. ... The FBI Academy is located in Quantico, Virginia. ... The FBI Laboratory is a division within the FBI. The lab is located in the J. Edgar Hoover Building. ... The Criminal Justice Information Services Division (CJIS) is a divions of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... The Critical Incident Response Group (or CIRG) is the part of the Federal Bureau of Investigation which facilitates the FBIs rapid response to, and the management of, crisis incidents. ... The FBI Counterterrorism Division is the division of the FBI that deals with terrorist threats inside the United States. ... The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin is published monthly by the FBI, with articles of interest to state and local law enforcement personnel. ... The Hostage Rescue Team (HRT) is the United States Federal Bureau of Investigations Counter-Terrorism tactical unit. ... The Joint Terrorism Task Force is a section of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation charged with taking action against terrorism. ... The National Security Service is to be an office within the Federal Bureau of Investigation that will consolidate the bureaus counterterrorism, counterintelligence, and intelligence duties. ... Directors of the Federal Bureau of Investigation are appointed by the President of the United States. ... The United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) operates 56 field offices in major cities across the U.S. Many of these offices are further subdivided into smaller resident agencies which have jurisdiction over a specific area. ... COINTELPRO (Counter Intelligence Program) was a program of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation aimed at investigating and disrupting dissident political organizations within the United States. ... National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) is an incident-based reporting system used by law enforcement agencies in the United States for collecting and reporting data on crimes. ... The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) contain official data on crime that is reported to law enforcement agencies across the United States, who then provide the data to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). ... The FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list arose from a conversation held in late 1949, during a game of Hearts between J. Edgar Hoover, Director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation, and William Kinsey Hutchinson,[1] International News Service (the predecessor of the United Press International) Editor-in... Banner used by the FBI since inception on October 10, 2001 as the main title for the web site pages of both the group of wanted terrorists, and also on the wanted poster of each terrorist fugitive. ... John Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) was an influential but controversial director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). ... William Mark Felt, Sr. ... Joseph Leo Gormley was the chief of chemistry and toxicology for the FBI. Born in Clinton, Massachusetts, he was raised in Somerville, Massachusetts. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has been a staple of American popular culture since its christening in 1935. ... The Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building in Washington, D.C. “Justice Department” redirects here. ... Federal police agencies are responsible for the enforcement of federal laws in countries with a federal constitution. ... An intelligence agency is a governmental organization that for the purposes of national security is devoted to the gathering of information (known in the context as intelligence) by means of espionage, communication interception, cryptanalysis, cooperation with other institutions, and evaluation of public sources. ... In the United States, a federal crime or federal offence is a crime that is either made illegal by U.S. federal legislation or a crime that occurs on U.S. federal property. ... A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ...


In fiscal year 2006, the FBI's total budget was approximately $8.7 billion, including $495 million in program increases to enhance counter-terrorism, counterintelligence, cyber crime, information technology, security, forensics, training, and criminal programs.


Established in 1908 as the Bureau of Investigation (BOI), the FBI did not receive its current name until 1935.


Headquartered in Washington, D.C., the FBI also has 56 field offices located in major cities throughout the United States, 400+ resident agencies in smaller cities and towns across the nation, and more than 50 international offices called "Legal Attaches" in U.S. embassies worldwide. Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - D.C. Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2... The United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) operates 56 field offices in major cities across the U.S. Many of these offices are further subdivided into smaller resident agencies which have jurisdiction over a specific area. ...

Contents

Mission and priorities

The mission of the FBI is "To protect and defend the United States against terrorist and foreign intelligence threats, to uphold and enforce the criminal laws of the United States, and to provide leadership and criminal justice services to federal, state, municipal, and international agencies and partners."[1]


Currently, the FBI's top investigative priorities are:[2]

  1. Protect the United States from terrorist attack (see counter-terrorism);
  2. Protect the United States against foreign intelligence operations and espionage (see counter-intelligence);
  3. Protect the United States against cyber-based attacks and high-technology crimes (see cyber-warfare);
  4. Combat public corruption at all levels;
  5. Protect civil rights;
  6. Combat transnational/national criminal organizations and enterprises (see organized crime);
  7. Combat major white-collar crime;
  8. Combat significant violent crime;
  9. Support federal, state, local and international partners; and
  10. Upgrade technology for successful performance of the FBI's mission.

In March 2007, the top categories of lead criminal charges resulting from FBI investigations were:[3] Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... Counter Intelligence A uk label started and owned by John Machielsen. ... Cyber-warfare is the use of computers and the Internet in conducting warfare in cyberspace. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... Organized crime or criminal organizations are groups or operations run by criminals, most commonly for the purpose of generating a monetary profit. ... Within the field of criminology, white-collar crime or incorporated governance has been defined by Edwin Sutherland ...as a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation. ... A violent crime or crime of violence is a crime in which the offender uses or threatens violent force upon the victim. ...

  1. Bank robbery and incidental crimes (137 charges)
  2. Attempt and conspiracy (102 charges)
  3. Drugs (96 charges)
  4. Material involving sexual exploitation of minors (68 charges)
  5. Bank fraud (65 charges)
  6. Mail Fraud - Frauds and swindles (60 charges)
  7. Fraud by wire, radio, or television (40 charges)
  8. Firearms; Unlawful acts (29 charges)
  9. Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud US (27 charges)
  10. Assaults within maritime and territorial jurisdictions (21 charges)
  11. Hobbs Act (21 charges)

Legal authority

An FBI Agent tags the cockpit voice recorder from EgyptAir Flight 990 on the deck of the USS Grapple (ARS 53) at the crash site on November 13, 1999.
An FBI Agent tags the cockpit voice recorder from EgyptAir Flight 990 on the deck of the USS Grapple (ARS 53) at the crash site on November 13, 1999.

The FBI's mandate is established in Title 28 of the United States Code (U.S. Code), Section 533, which authorizes the Attorney General to "appoint officials to detect... crimes against the United States."[4] Other federal statutes give the FBI the authority and responsibility to investigate specific crimes. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2100x1500, 586 KB) Summary U.S. Navy Lt. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2100x1500, 586 KB) Summary U.S. Navy Lt. ... In aircraft, the flight data recorder (FDR) and the cockpit voice recorder (CVR) are used to record aircraft and pilot behavior in order to analyze accidents, and are usually called black boxes by the news media. ... EgyptAir Flight 990 (MSR990) was a regularly-scheduled Los Angeles-New York-Cairo flight. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Title 28 is the portion of the United States Code (federal statutory law) that governs the Federal Judicial System. ... Seal of the United States Department of Justice The United States Attorney General is the head of the United States Department of Justice (see 28 U.S.C. Â§ 503) concerned with legal affairs and is the chief law enforcement officer of the United States government. ...


The USA PATRIOT Act increased the powers allotted to the FBI, especially in wiretapping and monitoring of Internet activity. One of the most controversial provisions of the act is the so-called sneak and peek provision, granting the FBI powers to search a house while the residents are away, and not requiring them to notify the residents for several weeks afterwards. Under the PATRIOT Act's provisions the FBI also resumed inquiring into the library records[5] of those who are suspected of terrorism (something it had supposedly not done since the 1970s). The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (Public Law 107-56), known as the USA PATRIOT Act or simply the Patriot Act, is an Act of Congress which U.S. President George W. Bush signed into law on October... It has been suggested that Voice logging be merged into this article or section. ... Julio Pérez Ferrero Library - Cúcuta, Colombia A modern-style library in Chambéry A library is a collection of information, sources, resources and services, organized for use, and maintained by a public body, an institution, or a private individual. ... Terrorist redirects here. ...


The FBI's chief tool against organized crime is the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) Act. The FBI is also charged with the responsibility of enforcing compliance of the United States Civil Rights Act of 1964 and investigating violations of the act in addition to prosecuting such violations with the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). The FBI also shares concurrent jurisdiction with the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) in the enforcement of the Controlled Substances Act of 1970. The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (commonly referred to as RICO) is a United States federal law which provides for extended penalties for criminal acts performed as part of an ongoing criminal organization. ... President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964. ... The Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building in Washington, D.C. “Justice Department” redirects here. ... The DEAs enforcement activities may take agents anywhere from distant countries to suburban U.S. homes. ... The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) was enacted into law by the Congress of the United States as Title II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970. ...


Information obtained through an FBI investigation is presented to the appropriate US Attorney or Department of Justice (DOJ) official, who decides if prosecution or other action is warranted.


History

With the passage of the Interstate Commerce Act in 1870, the Federal government began to take on some law enforcement responsibilities, which had been primarily handled at the state and local levels. The Department of Justice was tasked carry out these duties, concerning the Interstate Commerce Act. At first, the Attorney General informally hired some detectives, recruiting them from other Federal departments with detective forces. When a law was passed in 1908, forbidding this practice, Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte moved to organize a formal Bureau of Investigation.[6] The FBI grew out of this force of Special Agents created on July 26, 1908 during the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt. In 1932, it was renamed the United States Bureau of Investigation. The following year it was linked to the Bureau of Prohibition and rechristened the Division of Investigation (DOI) before finally becoming the FBI in 1935.[7] The American Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 created the Interstate Commerce Commissirs of the commission were appointed by the President with the consent of the Senate. ... This article describes the government of the United States. ... The Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building in Washington, D.C. “Justice Department” redirects here. ... In most common law jurisdictions, the Attorney General is the main legal adviser to the government, and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions. ... Charles Joseph Bonaparte (June 9, 1851 – June 28, 1921) was a grandson of Jérôme Bonaparte (the youngest brother of the French emperor Napoleon I), and a member of the United States Cabinet. ... // Any federal criminal or non-criminal investigator or detective in the 1811, 1801, 2501 or similar job series as so titled according to the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) handbook. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. ... The Bureau of Prohibition (or Prohibition Unit) was the federal law enforcement agency formed to enforce the National Prohibition Act of 1919, commonly known as the Volstead Act, which backed up the 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution regarding the prohibition of the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic...


The director of the old BOI, J. Edgar Hoover, became the first FBI director and served for nearly 48 years. After Hoover's death, legislation was passed limiting the tenure of future FBI directors to a maximum of ten years. The Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory, or the FBI Laboratory, officially opened in 1932, largely as a result of Hoover's efforts. Hoover had substantial involvement in most cases and projects the FBI handled during his tenure. John Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) was an influential but controversial director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). ... The FBI Laboratory is a division within the FBI. The lab is located in the J. Edgar Hoover Building. ...


During the so-called "war on crime" of the 1930s, FBI agents apprehended or killed a number of notorious criminals who carried out a number of kidnappings, robberies, and murders throughout the nation, including John Dillinger, "Baby Face" Nelson, Kate "Ma" Barker, Alvin "Creepy" Karpis, and George "Machine Gun" Kelly. While this campaign, as well as the campaign to build-up the FBI, was carried out in response to a national crime wave, most historians now believe that if there was a crime wave at all, it was grossly exaggerated during the Great Depression. John Dillinger John Dillinger (June 22, 1903 – July 22, 1934) was an American bank robber, considered by some to be a dangerous criminal, while others idealized him as a latter-day Robin Hood. ... Lester Joseph Gillis (December 6, 1908 – November 27, 1934), also known as George Nelson but better known as Baby Face Nelson due to his youthful appearance, was a diminutive (5 4 tall) bank robber in the 1930s. ... Kate Ma Barker (October 8, 1871 - January 16, 1935) was a legendary American criminal from the public enemy era, when the exploits of gangs of criminals in the Midwest gripped the American people and press. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ...


Other activities of its early decades included a decisive role in reducing the scope and influence of the Ku Klux Klan. Additionally, through the work of Edwin Atherton, the FBI claimed success in apprehending an entire army of Mexican neo-revolutionaries along the California border in the 1920s. Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ... Edwin Newton Atherton (10/12/1896 - 8/31/1944 ) Born in Washington D.C. Foreign Service Officer, FBI Agent, Private Investigator and head of the college athletics organization, the Pacific Coast Conference in the 1940s. ... The 1920s is a decade that is sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ...

Lester J. Gillis, also known as "Baby Face" Nelson.

Beginning in the 1940s and continuing into the 1970s, the Bureau investigated cases of espionage against the United States and its allies. Eight Nazi agents who had planned sabotage operations against American targets were arrested, six of whom were executed (Ex parte Quirin). Also during this time, a joint US/UK code breaking effort (Venona)—with which the FBI was heavily involved—broke Soviet diplomatic and intelligence communications codes, allowing the US and British governments to read Soviet communications. This effort confirmed the existence of Americans working in the United States for Soviet intelligence.[8] Hoover was administering this project but failed to notify the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) until 1952. Another notable case is the arrest of Soviet spy Rudolf Abel in 1957.[9] The discovery of Soviet spies operating in the US allowed Hoover to pursue his longstanding obsession with the threat he perceived from the American left, ranging from Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) union organizers to American liberals with no revolutionary aspirations whatsoever. Image File history File links Lester M. Gillis, a. ... Image File history File links Lester M. Gillis, a. ... Lester Joseph Gillis (December 6, 1908 – November 27, 1934), also known as George Nelson but better known as Baby Face Nelson due to his youthful appearance, was a diminutive (5 4 tall) bank robber in the 1930s. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... “Saboteur” redirects here. ... Holding The Court upheld the jurisdiction of a United States military tribunal over the trial of several German saboteurs in the United States. ... The VENONA project was a long-running and highly secret collaboration between the United States intelligence agencies and the United Kingdoms MI5 that involved the cryptanalysis of Soviet messages. ... The Central Intelligence Agency(CIA) is an intelligence agency of the United States government. ... Col. ... The Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) is one of several Marxist-Leninist groups in the United States. ...


During the 1950s and 1960s, FBI officials became increasingly concerned about the influence of civil rights leaders. In 1956, for example, Hoover took the rare step of sending an open letter denouncing Dr. T.R.M. Howard, a civil rights leader, surgeon, and wealthy entrepreneur in Mississippi who had criticized FBI inaction in solving recent murders of George W. Lee, Emmett Till, and other blacks in the South. The FBI carried out controversial domestic surveillance in an operation called COINTELPRO.[10] It aimed at investigating and disrupting dissident political organizations within the United States, including both militant and non-violent organizations, including the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, a leading civil rights organization.[11] Theodore Roosevelt Mason Howard (T.R.M. Howard) (March 4, 1908 —- May 1, 1976) was an African American civil rights leader, fraternal organization leader, surgeon, and entrepreneur. ... George W. Lee (1904 —- May 7, 1955) was an African American civil rights leader, minister, and entrepreneur. ... Emmett Louis Bobo Till (July 25, 1941 – August 28, 1955) was an African-American teenager from Chicago, Illinois who died in what has been characterized as a brutal murder[1] in a region of Mississippi known as the Mississippi Delta in the small town of Money in Leflore County. ... Spy and Secret agent redirect here. ... COINTELPRO (Counter Intelligence Program) was a program of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation aimed at investigating and disrupting dissident political organizations within the United States. ... The Southern Christian Leadership Conference Logo. ...


Martin Luther King, Jr. was a frequent target of investigation. The FBI found no evidence of any crime, but attempted to use tapes of King involved in sexual activity for blackmail. In his 1991 memoirs, Washington Post journalist Carl Rowan asserted that the FBI had sent at least one anonymous letter to King encouraging him to commit suicide.[12] “MLK” redirects here. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ... Carl Thomas Rowan (August 11, 1925 - September 23, 2000) was a nationally-syndicated African American op-ed columnist for the Washington Post and the Chicago Sun-Times. ...


When President John F. Kennedy was shot and killed, the jurisdiction fell to the local police departments until President Lyndon B. Johnson directed the FBI to take over the investigation.[13] To ensure that there would never be any more confusion over who would handle homicides at the federal level, Congress passed a law that put investigations of deaths of federal officials within FBI jurisdiction. John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... “LBJ” redirects here. ...


After the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO Act) took effect, the FBI began investigating the former Prohibition organized groups, which by now become fronts for crime in major cities and even small towns. All of the FBI work was done undercover and from within these organizations using the provisions provided in the RICO Act and these groups were dismantled. Although Hoover initially denied the existence of a close-knit organized crime network in the United States, the Bureau later conducted operations against known organized crime syndicates and families, including those headed by Sam Giancana and John Gotti. The RICO Act is still used today for all organized crime and any individuals that might fall under the Act. The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (commonly referred to as RICO) is a United States federal law which provides for extended penalties for criminal acts performed as part of an ongoing criminal organization. ... Organized crime or criminal organizations are groups or operations run by criminals, most commonly for the purpose of generating a monetary profit. ... Sam Momo Giancana ((born Salvatore Guingano) June 15, 1908 — June 19, 1975) was a famous and powerful mafioso and boss of the Chicago Outfit from 1956-66. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

J. Edgar Hoover, FBI Director (1924–1972)
J. Edgar Hoover, FBI Director (1924–1972)

In 1984, the FBI formed an elite SWAT[14] team to help with problems that might arise at the 1984 Summer Olympics, particularly terrorism and major-crime. The formation of the team arose from the 1972 Summer Olympics at Munich, Germany when terrorists murdered Israeli Athletes. The team was named Hostage Rescue Team (HRT) and acts as the FBI lead for SWAT related procedures and all counter terrorism cases. Also formed in 1984 was the Computer Analysis and Response Team (CART).[15] The end of the 1980s and the early part of the 1990s saw the reassignment of over 300 agents from foreign counter intelligence duties to violent crime and the designation of violent crime as the sixth national priority. But with reduced cuts to other well-established departments, and because terrorism was not longer considered a threat after the end of the Cold War,[15] the FBI became a tool of local police forces for tracking fugitives who had crossed state lines, which was a felony. The FBI Laboratory also helped develop DNA testing, continuing the pioneering role in identification that began with its fingerprinting system in 1924. Download high resolution version (430x640, 46 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: J. Edgar Hoover Categories: U.S. history images ... Download high resolution version (430x640, 46 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: J. Edgar Hoover Categories: U.S. history images ... John Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) was an influential but controversial director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). ... This article is about Special Weapons and Tactics. ... Music sample: Olympic Fanfare and Theme ( file info) — composed by John Williams for the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles Problems listening to the file? See media help. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... The 1972 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XX Olympiad, were held in Munich, West Germany, from 26 August to 11 September 1972. ... Munich: Frauenkirche and Town Hall steeple Munich (German: München pronunciation) is the state capital of the German Bundesland of Bavaria. ... The Hostage Rescue Team (HRT) is the United States Federal Bureau of Investigations Counter-Terrorism tactical unit. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is a nucleic acid molecule that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms. ...


Between 1993 and 1996, the FBI increased its counter-terrorism role in the wake of the first 1993 World Trade Center bombing in New York, New York and the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995, and the arrest of the Unabomber in 1996. Technological innovation and the skills of FBI Laboratory analysts helped ensure that all three of these cases were successfully prosecuted, but the FBI was also confronted by a public outcry in this period, which still haunts it today.[16] After Congress passed the Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (CALEA, 1994), the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPA, 1996), and the Economic Espionage Act (EEA, 1996), the FBI followed suit and underwent a technological upgrade in 1998, just as it did with its CART team in 1991. Computer Investigations and Infrastructure Threat Assessment Center (CITAC) and the National Infrastructure Protection Center (NIPC) were created to deal with the increase in Internet-related problems, such as computer viruses, worms, and other malicious programs that might unleash havoc in the US. With these developments, the FBI increased its electronic surveillance in public safety and national security investigations, adapting to how telecommunications advancements changed the nature of such problems. In the 1993 World Trade Center bombing (February 26, 1993) a car bomb was detonated by Islamic terrorists in the underground parking garage below Tower One of the World Trade Center in New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Oklahoma City bombing was an attack on April 19, 1995 aimed at the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, a U.S. government office complex in downtown Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ...


Within months of the September 11, 2001 attacks, FBI Director Robert Mueller, who was only sworn in three days before the attacks, called for a re-engineering of FBI structure and operations. In turn, he made countering every federal crime a top priority, including the prevention of terrorism, countering foreign intelligence operations, addressing cyber security threats, other high-tech crimes, protecting civil rights, combating public corruption, organized crime, white-collar crime, and major acts of violent crime.[17] A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Robert Swan Mueller III (born August 7, 1944) is the current Director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation. ...


Organization

J. Edgar Hoover Building, FBI Headquarters
J. Edgar Hoover Building, FBI Headquarters
FBI Mobile Command Center, Washington Field Office
FBI Mobile Command Center, Washington Field Office

The FBI is headquartered at the J. Edgar Hoover Building in Washington, D.C., with 56 field offices[18] in major cities across the United States. The FBI also maintains over 400 resident agencies across the United States, as well as over 50 legal attachés at United States embassies and consulates. Many specialized FBI functions are located at facilities in Quantico, Virginia, as well as in Clarksburg, West Virginia. The FBI is in process of moving its Records Management Division, which processes FOIA requests, to Winchester, Virginia.[19] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 572 pixelsFull resolution (2192 × 1566 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 572 pixelsFull resolution (2192 × 1566 pixel, file size: 1. ... The J. Edgar Hoover Building is the headquarters for the FBI. It is named after the agencys long-time director, John Edgar Hoover. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 566 pixelsFull resolution (2136 × 1510 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 566 pixelsFull resolution (2136 × 1510 pixel, file size: 1. ... The J. Edgar Hoover Building is the headquarters for the FBI. It is named after the agencys long-time director, John Edgar Hoover. ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - D.C. Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2... A diplomatic mission is a group of people from one nation state present in another nation state to represent the sending state in the receiving State. ... For the uses of Consul as Chief Magistrate of a (city) state, see Consul. ... Quantico, Virginia is in Prince William County, 23 miles north-northeast of Fredericksburg, Virginia, near Dumfries and Stafford along Highway 619. ... Clarksburg is a city located in Harrison County, West Virginia. ... Nearly sixty countries around the world have implemented some form of freedom of information legislation, which sets rules on governmental secrecy. ... Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia County Independent City Founded 1802 Mayor Elizabeth Minor Area    - City 24. ...


The FBI Laboratory, established with the formation of the BOI,[20] did not appear in the J. Edgar Hoover Building until its completion in 1974. The lab serves as the primary lab for most DNA, biological, and physical work. Public tours of FBI headquarters ran through the FBI laboratory workspace before the move to the J. Edgar Hoover Building. The services the lab conducts include Chemistry, Combined DNA Index System (CODIS), Computer Analysis and Response, DNA Analysis, Evidence Response, Explosives, Firearms and Tool marks, Forensic Audio, Forensic Video, Image Analysis, Forensic Science Research, Forensic Science Training, Hazardous Materials Response, Investigative and Prospective Graphics, Latent Prints, Materials Analysis, Questioned Documents, Racketeering Records, Special Photographic Analysis, Structural Design, and Trace Evidence.[21] The services of the FBI Laboratory are used by many state, local, and international agencies free of charge. The lab also maintains a second lab at the FBI Academy. The FBI Laboratory is a division within the FBI. The lab is located in the J. Edgar Hoover Building. ...


The FBI Academy, located in Quantico, Virginia, is home to the communications and computer laboratory the FBI utilizes. It is also where new agents are sent for training to become FBI Special Agents. Going through the twenty-one week course is required for every Special Agent.[22] It was first opened for use in 1972 on 385 acres (1.6 km²) of woodland. The Academy also serves as a classroom for state and local law enforcement agencies who are invited onto the premiere law enforcement training center. The FBI units that reside at Quantico are the Field and Police Training Unit, Firearms Training Unit, Forensic Science Research and Training Center, Technology Services Unit (TSU), Investigative Training Unit, Law Enforcement Communication Unit, Leadership and Management Science Unit's (LSMU), Physical Training Unit, New Agents' Training Unit (NATU), Practical Applications Unit (PAU), the Investigative Computer Training Unit and the "College of Analytical Studies." The FBI Academy is located in Quantico, Virginia. ... Quantico, Virginia is in Prince William County, 23 miles north-northeast of Fredericksburg, Virginia, near Dumfries and Stafford along Highway 619. ...


The Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division,[23] located in Clarksburg, West Virginia. It is the youngest division of the FBI only being formed in 1991 and opening in 1995. The complex itself is the length of three football fields. Its purpose is to provide a main repository for information. Under the roof of the CJIS are the programs for the National Crime Information Center (NCIC), Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR), Fingerprint Identification, Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS), NCIC 2000, and the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). Many state and local agencies use these systems as a source for their own investigations and contribute to the database using secure communications. FBI provides these tools of sophisticated identification and information services to local, state, federal, and international law enforcement agencies. The Criminal Justice Information Services Division (CJIS) is a divions of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. ... Clarksburg is a city located in Harrison County, West Virginia. ...


The FBI often works in conjunction with other Federal agencies, including the United States Coast Guard and Customs and Border Patrol (CBP) in seaport security,[24] and the National Transportation Safety Board in investigating airplane crashes and other critical incidents. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) is the only other agency with the closest amount of investigative power. In the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks, the FBI maintains a role in most federal criminal investigations. USCG HH-65 Dolphin USCG HH-60J JayHawk The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States armed forces and is involved in maritime law enforcement, mariner assistance, search and rescue, and national defense. ... U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), a bureau of the United States Department of Homeland Security, is charged with regulating and facilitating international trade, collecting import duties, and enforcing U.S. trade laws. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... Seal of the National Transportation Safety Board The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is a U.S. government independent organization responsible for investigation of accidents involving aviation, highway, marine, pipelines and railroads in the United States. ... An aviation accident (as per the U.S. National Transportation Safety Board definition) is an occurrence associated with the operation of an aircraft which takes place between the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flight and all such persons have disembarked, and in which any person... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly...


The FBI is organized in the following manner.

  • National Security Branch
    • Counterintelligence Division
    • Counterterrorism Division
    • Directorate of Intelligence
  • Criminal Investigations Branch
    • Criminal Investigative Division
    • Cyber Division
  • Law Enforcement Services Branch
    • Criminal Justice Information Services Division
    • Critical Incident Response Group
    • Laboratory Division
    • Office of International Operations
    • Office of Law Enforcement Coordination
    • Operational Technology Division
    • Training & Development Division
  • Administration Branch
    • Administrative Services Division
    • Facilities & Logistics Services Division
    • Finance Division
    • Records Management Division
    • Security Division
  • office of the Chief Information officer
    • Information Technology Operations Division
    • office of IT Policy & Planning
    • office of IT Program Management
    • office of IT Systems Development

BOI and FBI directors

Main article: List of FBI Directors

FBI Directors are appointed by the President of the United States. They must be confirmed by the United States Senate and serve ten-year terms. J. Edgar Hoover, appointed by Calvin Coolidge in 1924, was by far the longest-serving FBI Director, serving until his death in 1972. In 1968, Congress passed legislation as part of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act Pub.L. 90-351, June 19, 1968, 82 Stat. 197 that specified a 10-year term limit for future FBI Directors, as well as requiring Senate confirmation of appointees. As the incumbent, this legislation did not apply to Hoover, only to his successors. The current FBI Director is Robert Mueller, who was appointed in 2001 by George W. Bush. FBI Directors are appointed by the President of the United States. ... FBI Directors are appointed by the President of the United States. ... For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Politics Portal      The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the... John Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) was an influential but controversial director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). ... John Calvin Coolidge, Jr. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Statutes at Large, commonly referred to as the Statutes at Large, is the official source for the laws and resolutions passed by Congress. ... Robert Swan Mueller III (born August 7, 1944) is the current Director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ...


The FBI director is responsible for the day-to-day operations at the FBI. Along with his deputies, the director makes sure cases and operations are handled correctly. The director also is in charge of making sure the leadership in any one of the FBI field offices are manned with qualified agents. Before the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act was passed in the wake of the September 11, 2001 attacks, the FBI director would brief the President of the United States on any issues that arise from within the FBI. Since then, the director now reports to the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) who in turn reports to the President. The United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) operates 56 field offices in major cities across the U.S. Many of these offices are further subdivided into smaller resident agencies which have jurisdiction over a specific area. ... The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 is an Act of Congress. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... The Director of National Intelligence (DNI) is the United States government official subject to the authority, direction and control of the President of the United States who is responsible under the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 for: Serving as the principal adviser to the President of the...


Hiring process

Agents in training on the FBI Academy firing range

While the exact process and details are classified, the process of becoming an employee of the FBI is arduous. At a minimum, FBI employees require a Top Secret (TS) security clearance, and in many instances, employees need a higher level, TS/SCI clearance.[25] In order to get a security clearance, all potential FBI personnel must pass a series of Single Scope Background Investigations (SSBI), which are conducted by the Office of Personnel Management.[26] Special Agents candidates also have to pass a rigorous Physical Fitness Test (PFT) that includes a 300-meter run, one-minute sit-ups, maximum push-ups, and a 1.5-mile run. There is also a random drug test all FBI personnel have to pass in order to become an agent. In addition to the drug test, there is a polygraph test personnel have to pass, with questions including possible drug use. After potential special agent candidates are cleared with TS clearance and the Form SF-312 non-disclosure agreement is signed, they attend the FBI training facility located on Marine Corps Base Quantico in Virginia. Candidates spend approximately 21 weeks at the FBI Academy, where they receive over 500 classroom hours and over 1000 simulated law enforcement hours to train. Upon graduation, new FBI Special Agents are placed all around the country and the world, depending on their areas of expertise. Professional support staff works out of one of the many support buildings the FBI maintains. However, any Agent or Support staff member can be transferred to any location for any length of time if their skills are deemed necessary at one of the FBI field offices or one of the 400 resident agencies the FBI maintains. Image File history File links Potential_Agents_on_the_FBI_Fireing_Range. ... Image File history File links Potential_Agents_on_the_FBI_Fireing_Range. ... The FBI Academy is located in Quantico, Virginia. ... A security clearance is a status granted to individuals, typically members of the military and employees of governments and their contractors, allowing them access to classified information, i. ... Sensitive information is knowledge that might give someone an advantage if revealed to persons not entitled to know it. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wikisource. ... -1... Standard Form 312 (SF 312) is a non-disclosure agreement required under Executive Order 13292 to be signed by employees of the Federal Government or one of its contractors when they are granted a security clearance for access to classified information. ... The Marine Corps Base Quantico, near Fredericksburg, Virginia, is one of the largest United States Marine Corps bases in the world. ... Quantico, Virginia is in Prince William County, 23 miles north-northeast of Fredericksburg, Virginia, near Dumfries and Stafford along Highway 619. ... The FBI Academy is located in Quantico, Virginia. ... The United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) operates 56 field offices in major cities across the U.S. Many of these offices are further subdivided into smaller resident agencies which have jurisdiction over a specific area. ...


As of October 31, 2006, the FBI had a total of 30,762 employees. That includes 12,659 special agents and 18,009 support staff, such as intelligence analysts, language specialists, scientists, information technology specialists, and other professionals. is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Publications

The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin is published monthly by the FBI Law Enforcement Communication Unit,[27] with articles of interest to state and local law enforcement personnel. First published in 1932 as Fugitives Wanted by Police,[28] the FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin covers topics including law enforcement technology and issues, such as crime mapping and use of force, as well as recent criminal justice research, and Vi-CAP alerts, on wanted suspects and key cases. The FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin is published monthly by the FBI, with articles of interest to state and local law enforcement personnel. ... For the band, see The Police. ... Crime mapping is a key component of crime analysis and the CompStat policing strategy. ... A use of force doctrine is employed by police forces, as well as soldiers on guard duty, to regulate the actions of police and guards. ... United States criminal justice system flowchart. ... Vi-CAP (Violent Criminal Apprehension Program) is a nationwide computerized system implemented in 1985 by the FBI out of Quantico, Virginia. ...


The FBI also publishes some reports for both law enforcement personnel as well as regular citizens covering topics including law enforcement, terrorism, cybercrime, white-collar crime, violent crime, and statistics.[29] However, the vast majority of Federal government publications covering these topics are published by the Office of Justice Programs agencies of the United States Department of Justice, and disseminated through the National Criminal Justice Reference Service. For the band, see The Police. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... Cybercrime is a term used broadly to describe criminal activity in which computers or networks are a tool, a target, or a place of criminal activity. ... Within the field of criminology, white-collar crime or incorporated governance has been defined by Edwin Sutherland ...as a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation. ... A violent crime or crime of violence is a crime in which the offender uses or threatens violent force upon the victim. ... This article describes the government of the United States. ... The Office of Justice Programs (OJP) is the branch of the United States Department of Justice that focuses on crime prevention through research & technology development, assistance to state and local law enforcement and criminal justice agencies through grants, and assistance to crime victims. ... The Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building in Washington, D.C. “Justice Department” redirects here. ... The National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) is a program that disseminates publications from the United States Department of Justices Office of Justice Programs (OJP) agencies, as well as the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP), Office on Violence Against Women, National Institute of Corrections (NIC), and Community...


Crime statistics

The badge of an FBI Special Agent

Image File history File links FBI_Badge. ... Image File history File links FBI_Badge. ...

Uniform Crime Reports

Main article: Uniform Crime Reports

The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) compile data from over 17,000 law enforcement agencies across the country. They provide detailed data regarding the volume of crimes to include arrest, clearance (or closing a case), and law enforcement officer information. The UCR focuses its data collection on violent crimes, hate crimes, and property crimes.[29] Created in the 1920s, the UCR system has not proven to be as uniform as its name implies. The UCR data only reflect the most serious offense in the case of connected crimes and has a very restrictive definition of rape. Since about 93% of the data submitted to the FBI is in this format, the UCR stands out as the publication of choice as most states require law enforcement agencies to submit this data. The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) contain official data on crime that is reported to law enforcement agencies across the United States, who then provide the data to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). ... The Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) contain official data on crime that is reported to law enforcement agencies across the United States, who then provide the data to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). ...


Preliminary Annual Uniform Crime Report for 2006 was released on June 4, 2006. The report shows violent crime offenses rose 1.3%, but the number of property crime offenses decreased 2.9% compared to 2005.[30] June 4 is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


National Incident Based Reporting System

The National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS) crime statistics system aims to address limitations inherent in UCR data. The system used by law enforcement agencies in the United States for collecting and reporting data on crimes. Local, state, and federal agencies generate NIBRS data from their records management systems. Data is collected on every incident and arrest in the Group A offense category. The Group A offenses are comprised of 46 specific crimes grouped in 22 offense categories. Specific facts about these offenses are gathered and reported in the NIBRS system. In addition to the Group A offenses, eleven Group B offenses are reported with only the arrest information. The NIBRS system is in greater detail than the summary-based UCR system. As of 2004, 5,271 law enforcement agencies submitted NIBRS data. That amount represents 20% of the United States population and 16% of the crime statistics data collected by the FBI. 801221-12-5043 National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) is an incident-based reporting system used by law enforcement agencies in the United States for collecting and reporting data on crimes. ... It has been suggested that Crime rate be merged into this article or section. ...


Media portrayal

Any author, television scriptwriter, or producer may consult with the FBI about closed cases or their operations, services, or history. The FBI does not edit, approve their work, or do any special consulting. Some authors, television programs, or motion picture producers offer reasonably accurate presentations of the FBI's responsibilities, investigations, and procedures in their story lines, while others present their own interpretations or introduce fictional events, persons, or places for dramatic effect. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has been a staple of American popular culture since its christening in 1935. ...


Criticism

The FBI has endured public criticism and internal conflict in the past decade. As the FBI attempts to modernize technologically to take on a greater counter-terrorism role, there have been times where the FBI is scrutinized. Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ...


Most of the recent controversies in the FBI have been involved with "terrorist" organizations or "operational" mishaps. In the early and late 1990s, its role in the Ruby Ridge and Waco incidents caused an uproar in how tactics where handled. During the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia, the FBI was also criticized for its investigation on the Centennial Olympic Park bombing. It has recently settled a dispute with Richard Jewell, who was a private security guard at the venue, along with the media organizations,[31] from leaking his name during the investigation. In the 1990s, it turned out that the fingerprint unit of the FBI's crime lab had repeatedly done shoddy work. In some cases, the technicians, given evidence that actually cleared a suspect, reported instead that it proved the suspect guilty. Many cases had to be reopened when this pattern of errors was discovered. Ruby Ridge refers to a violent confrontation and siege involving Randy Weaver, his family, Weavers friend Kevin Harris, federal agents from the United States Marshals Service and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. ... Combatants ATF FBI Branch Davidians Commanders Assault: Phil Chojnacki Siege: Many David Koresh† Strength Assault: 75 ATF agents, 3 helicopters with snipers Siege: Hundreds of agents; snipers, helicopters, tanks, CEVs 50+ men, 75+ women and children Casualties 4 dead, 21 wounded in assault 6 dead and 3+ wounded in assault... The 1996 Summer Olympics, formally known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and informally known as the Centennial Olympics, were held in 1996 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. ... Nickname: Location in Fulton and DeKalb counties in the state of Georgia Coordinates: , Country State Counties Fulton, DeKalb Government  - Mayor Shirley Franklin (D) Area  - City  132. ... The Centennial Olympic Park bombing was a terrorist bombing on July 27, 1996 in Atlanta, Georgia during the 1996 Summer Olympics, the first of four committed by Eric Robert Rudolph. ... Richard Jewell Richard Jewell (born November 17, 1962) was a central figure in the Centennial Olympic Park bombing at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia. ...


In 2000, the FBI began the Trilogy project to upgrade its outdated IT infrastructure. This project, originally scheduled to take three years and cost around $380 million, ended up going far over budget and behind schedule.[32] Efforts to deploy modern computers and networking equipment were generally successful, but attempts to develop new investigation software, outsourced to SAIC, were a disaster. Virtual Case File, or VCF, as the software was known, was plagued by poorly defined goals, and repeated changes in management.[33] In January 2005, more than two years after the software was originally planned for completion, the FBI officially abandoned the project. At least $100 million (and much more by some estimates) was spent on the project, which was never operational. The FBI has been forced to continue using its decade-old Automated Case Support system, which is considered woefully inadequate by IT experts. In March 2005, the FBI announced it is beginning a new, more ambitious software project code-named Sentinel expected for completion by 2009.[34] Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... Science Applications International Corporation Science Applications International Corporation (usually known as SAIC) is the largest employee-owned research and engineering firm in the United States. ... Virtual Case File, or VCF, was a software application developed by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation between 2000 and 2005. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ...


In February 2001, Robert Hanssen was caught selling information to the Russians. It was later learned that Hanssen, who had reached a high position within the FBI, had been selling intelligence since as early as 1979. He pleaded guilty to treason and received a life sentence in 2002, but the incident led many to question the security practices employed by the FBI. There was also a claim that Robert Hanssen might have contributed information that led to the September 11, 2001 attacks.[35] Robert Philip Hanssen (b. ... Traitor redirects here. ... Life imprisonment is a term used for a particular kind of sentence of imprisonment. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly...


The 9/11 Commission's final report on July 22, 2004 stated that the FBI and CIA were both partially to blame for not pursuing intelligence reports which could have prevented the September 11, 2001 attacks. In its most condemning assessment, the report concluded that the country had "not been well served" by either agency and listed numerous recommendations for changes within the FBI.[36] While the FBI has acceded to most of the recommendations, including oversight by the new Director of National Intelligence, some former members of the 9/11 Commission publicly criticized the FBI in October 2005, claiming it was resisting any meaningful changes.[37] The Commissions seal The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, also known as the 9/11 Commission, was set up in late 2002 to prepare a full and complete account of the circumstances surrounding the September 11, 2001 attacks, including preparedness for and the immediate response... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Central Intelligence Agency(CIA) is an intelligence agency of the United States government. ... The Director of National Intelligence (DNI) is the United States government official subject to the authority, direction and control of the President of the United States who is responsible under the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 for: Serving as the principal adviser to the President of the...


On July 8, 2007 the Washington Post published excerpts from UCLA Professor Amy Zegart's forthcoming book entitled Spying Blind: The CIA, the FBI, and the Origins of 9/11[38]. The article reported that government documents show the CIA and FBI missed 23 potential chances to disrupt the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The primary reasons for these failures included: agency cultures resistant to change and new ideas; inappropriate incentives for promotion; and a lack of cooperation between the FBI, CIA and the rest of the United States Intelligence Community. The article went on to also blame the FBI's decentralized structure which prevented effective communication and cooperation between different FBI offices. The article also claimed that the FBI has still not evolved into an effective counterterrorism or counterintelligence agency, due in large part to deeply ingrained cultural resistance to change within the FBI. For example, FBI personnel practices continue to treat all staff other than Special Agents as support staff, categorizing Intelligence Analysts alongside the FBI's auto mechanics and janitors.[39] is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... ... Binomial name Ucla xenogrammus Holleman, 1993 The largemouth triplefin, Ucla xenogrammus, is a fish of the family Tripterygiidae and only member of the genus Ucla, found in the Pacific Ocean from Viet Nam, the Philippines, Palau and the Caroline Islands to Papua New Guinea, Australia (including Christmas Island), and the... The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... Logo used on the Intelligence Community web site. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ...


See also

State level organizations

A State Bureau of Investigation (SBI) is a state-level detective agency in the United States of America, which is the states equivalent to the Federal Bureau of Investigation. ...

Similar agencies of other nations

The Federal Investigation Bureau Bundeskriminalamt (.BK) was created in Austria to effectively combat crime nationwide and to perform international police cooperation functions. ... The Federal Criminal Police Office of Germany (in German: Bundeskriminalamt (BKA); other translations: Federal Criminal Police Bureau, Federal Criminal Office, Federal Criminal Bureau) is the federal police of Germany, comparable to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in the United States, French National Police in France, or the Australian Federal Police... The CBI emblem. ... The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), also known as the Mounties or Gendarmerie Royale du Canada (GRC) in French, is both the federal and national police force of Canada. ... “CSIS” redirects here. ... The SOCA logo;.[1] The Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA) is a policing agency of the United Kingdom that acts against organised crime, including the illegal drugs trade, money laundering, and people smuggling. ... Federal Agency of Investigation is Mexicos equivalent to the FBI. It was create to deal with drug and corruption problems in Mexico and beyond the capabilities of local police forces. ... The Australian Federal Police (AFP) is the federal police agency of the Commonwealth of Australia. ... The Policía Federal Argentina (PFA; in English Argentine Federal Police) is a nationwide police force, it is the federal police agency of Argentina, with detachments in each of the countrys provinces, with a jurisdiction and organization similar to the United States FBI. Because of this, most routine police... FSB The FSB (Federal Security Service) (Russian: ФСБ, Федера́льная слу́жба безопа́сности; Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti) is a domestic state security agency of the Russian Federation and the main successor of the Soviet Cheka, NKVD, and KGB. Its headquarters are in Lubyanka Square, Moscow. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Notable persons

Edwin Newton Atherton (10/12/1896 - 8/31/1944 ) Born in Washington D.C. Foreign Service Officer, FBI Agent, Private Investigator and head of the college athletics organization, the Pacific Coast Conference in the 1940s. ... 4. ... Moses Powell (January 13, 1941 - January 22, 2005) was a martial arts expert in jujutsu and founder of Sanuces Ryu. ...

FBI files on specific persons

The FBI Files on Elvis Presley include records kept by the Federal Bureau of Investigation concerning Elvis Presley. ... The FBI Files on Frank Sinatra contain records kept by the Federal Bureau of Investigation concerning Frank Sinatra. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Federal Bureau of Investigation - Quick Facts. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  2. ^ Federal Bureau of Investigation - Priorities. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  3. ^ FBI Top Ranked Lead Charges. Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse.
  4. ^ US CODE: Title 28,533. Investigative and other officials; appointment. Cornell Law School.
  5. ^ Egelko, Bob, Maria Alicia Gaura. "Libraries post Patriot Act warnings Santa Cruz branches tell patrons that FBI may spy on them", San Francisco Chronicle, 2003-04-10. Retrieved on 2006-06-07. (English) 
  6. ^ Langeluttig, Albert (1927). The Department of Justice of the United States. Johns Hopkins Press, pp. 9-14. 
  7. ^ Timeline of FBI History. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  8. ^ Benson, Robert L.. The Venona Story. National Security Agency. Retrieved on 2006-06-18.
  9. ^ Romerstein, Herbert, Eric Breindel (2001). The Venona Secrets, Exposing Soviet Espionage and America's Traitors. Regnery Publishing, Inc., p. 209. ISBN 0-89526-225-8. 
  10. ^ Cassidy, Mike M. (1999-05-26). A Short History of FBI COINTELPRO (HTML). Monitor. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  11. ^ Jalon, Allan M. (2006-04-08). A Break-In to End All Break-Ins (HTML). Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  12. ^ Adams, Cecil M. (2003-05-02). Was Martin Luther King, Jr. a plagiarist? (HTML). Washington Post. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  13. ^ Postwar America: 1945–1960s. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  14. ^ Rise in International Crime. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  15. ^ a b End of the Cold War. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  16. ^ Rise of a Wired World. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  17. ^ Change of Mandate. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  18. ^ Federal Bureau of Investigation - Field Divisions. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  19. ^ Reid, Sarah A.. "One of the biggest things the FBI has ever done", The Winchester Star, July 26, 2006. 
  20. ^ FBI Laboratory History. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  21. ^ FBI Laboratory Services. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  22. ^ Special Agent Career Path Program. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  23. ^ The CJIS Mission. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  24. ^ The Federal Bureau of Investigation's Efforts to Protect the Nation's Seaports (PDF). U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Inspector General (2006, March).
  25. ^ Federal Bureau of Investigation Jobs. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  26. ^ Review of the Security and Emergency Planning Staff's Management of Background Investigations. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Inspector General (2005, September).
  27. ^ Law Enforcement Communication Unit. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  28. ^ History of the FBI, The New Deal: 1933 - Late 1930s. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  29. ^ a b Federal Bureau of Investigation - Reports & Publications. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  30. ^ Preliminary Crime Statistics for 2006. Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  31. ^ Richard Jewell v. NBC, and other Richard Jewell cases (HTML). Media Libel. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  32. ^ Sherman, Mark. Lawmakers criticize FBI director's expensive project (HTML). Newszine. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  33. ^ Gerin, Roseanne (2005-01-14). SAIC rejects Trilogy criticism (HTML). Washington Technology. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  34. ^ Arnone, Michael (2005-06-25). Senators seek to fast track FBI's Sentinel (HTML). FCW.Com. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  35. ^ Seper, Jerry. Osama access to state secrets helped 9/11 (HTML). Computer Crime Research Center. Archived from the original on 2003-01-08. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  36. ^ Shovelan, John (2004-06-23). 9/11 Commission finds 'deep institutional failings' (HTML). ABC Au. Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  37. ^ Ex-FBI Chief On Clinton's Scandals (HTML). CBS News (2004-10-06). Retrieved on 2006-06-06.
  38. ^ Zegart, Amy (2007-09-01). Spying Blind (HTML). Princeton University Press. Retrieved on 2007-07-08.
  39. ^ Zegart, Amy (2007-07-08). Our Clueless Intelligence System (HTML). Washington Post. Retrieved on 2007-07-08.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Powers, Richard Gid (1983). G-Men, Hoover's FBI in American Popular Culture. Southern Illinois University Press. ISBN 0-8093-1096-1. 
  • Sullivan, William (1979). The Bureau: My Thirty Years in Hoover's FBI. Norton. ISBN 0-393-01236-0. 
  • Theoharis, Athan G.; John Stuart Cox (1988). The Boss: J.Edgar Hoover and the Great American Inquisition. Temple Univ. Press. ISBN 0-87722-532-X. 
  • Theoharis, Athan G.; Tony G. Poveda, Susan Rosenfeld, Richard Gid Powers (2000). The FBI: A Comprehensive Reference Guide. Checkmark Books. ISBN 0-8160-4228-4. 
  • Theoharis, Athan G. (2004). The FBI and American Democracy: A Brief Critical History. Kansas: University Press. ISBN 0-7006-1345-5. 
  • Tonry, Michael (ed) (2000). The Handbook of Crime & Punishment. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-514060-5. 
  • Trahair, Richard C.S. (2004). Encyclopedia of Cold War Espionage, Spies, and Secret Operations. Ballentine: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-31955-3. 
  • Williams, David (1981). "The Bureau of Investigation and its Critics, 1919–1921: the Origins of Federal Political Surveillance". Journal of American History 68: 560–579. 

Athan George Theoharis (born August 3, 1936) is a professor emeritus of History at Marquette University. ... Athan George Theoharis (born August 3, 1936) is a professor emeritus of History at Marquette University. ...

External links

  • Maps and aerial photos for 38°53′40″N 77°01′28″W / 38.894465, -77.024503Coordinates: 38°53′40″N 77°01′28″W / 38.894465, -77.024503
    • Maps from WikiMapia, Google Maps, Live Search Maps, Yahoo! Maps, or MapQuest
    • Topographic maps from TopoZone or TerraServer-USA
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Federal Bureau of Investigation
  • Official FBI website
  • Original Bureau of Investigation Document Online: William Randolph Hearst
  • FBI Organizational Chart
  • ODMP listing of Fallen FBI Agents 1925–2007
  • Church Committee Report, Vol. 6, "Federal Bureau of Investigation." 1975 congressional inquiry into American intelligence operations.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Federal Bureau of Investigation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3977 words)
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ).
The FBI is also charged with the responsibility of enforcing compliance of the United States Civil Rights Act of 1964 and investigating violations of the act in addition to prosecuting such violations with the United States Department of Justice (DOJ).
On July 1, 1932, the Bureau was renamed the United States Bureau of Investigation.
Federal Bureau of Investigation - MSN Encarta (2561 words)
In the Waco incident in 1993, agents from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) launched a raid on the compound of the Branch Davidian religious sect in Waco, Texas, whose members were suspected of purchasing illegal weapons.
Although the FBI was severely criticized in the aftermath of the tragedy, a federal judge and a special counsel concluded in 2000 that the Branch Davidians had deliberately started the fire and that federal agents were not responsible for their deaths.
Later that year, the agency investigated the mailing of several letters containing potentially lethal anthrax bacteria to media companies and political offices, but it was unable to identify any suspects.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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