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February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 320 days remaining, 321 in leap years.
1014 - Pope Boniface I recognizes Henry of Bavaria as King of Germany. 1076 - Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor. 1556 - Thomas Cranmer is declared a heretic. 1743 - Henry Pelham becomes British Prime Minister. 1779 - James Cook is killed by the natives of the Sandwich Islands. 1803 - Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress which conflicts with the Constitution is void. 1804 - First Serbian Uprising began. 1849 - In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes the first President of the United States to have his photograph taken. 1854 - Texas is linked by telegraph with the rest of the United States, when a connection between New Orleans and Marshall, Texas is completed. 1859 - Oregon is admitted as the 33rd U.S. state. 1876 - Alexander Graham Bell applies for a patent for the telephone. 1879 - The War of the Pacific broke out when Chilean armed forces occupied the Bolivian port city of Antofagasta. 1895 - First showing of Oscar Wilde's last play The Importance of Being Earnest ( St James's Theatre in London). 1899 - Voting machines are approved by the U.S. Congress for use in federal elections. 1900 - Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country. 1900 - Boer War: In South Africa, 20,000 British troops invade the Orange Free State. 1903 - The United States Department of Commerce and Labor is established (later split into Dept. of Commerce and Dept. of Labor). 1912 - Arizona is admitted as the 48th U.S. state. 1912 - In Groton, Connecticut, the first diesel-powered submarine is commissioned. 1918 - The movie is released. Tarzan of the Apes 1918 - The Soviet Union adopts the Gregorian calendar (1 February according to the Julian calendar). 1920 - The League of Women Voters is founded in Chicago, Illinois. 1924 - IBM corporation founded. 1929 - St. Valentine's Day Massacre: Seven gangsters rivalling Al Capone are murdered in Chicago, Illinois. 1936 - AG Weser launches the first of 162 U-boats (last one launched on March 1, 1945). 1943 - World War II: Rostov, Russia is liberated. 1943 - World War II: The Battle of the Kasserine Pass - German General Erwin Rommel and his Afrika Korps launch an offensive against Allied defenses in Tunisia. 1944 - World War II: Anti- Japanese revolt on Java. 1945 - Bombing of Dresden in World War II: The British Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Force began to fire-bomb Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony. 1945 - Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay and Peru join the United Nations. 1945 - President Franklin Roosevelt meets with King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia aboard the USS , officially starting the US-Saudi diplomatic relationship. Quincy 1946 - The Bank of England is nationalized. 1946 - ENIAC (for "Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer"), the first general-purpose electronic computer, is unveiled at the University of Pennsylvania. 1949 - The Knesset ( Israeli parliament) first convenes. 1952 - 1952 Winter Olympic Games open in Oslo, Norway. 1961 - Discovery of the chemical elements: Element 103, Lawrencium, is first synthesized ( Berkeley, California). 1962 - First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy takes television viewers on a tour of the White House. 1966 - Australian currency is decimalized. 1979 - In Kabul, Muslim extremists kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers and police. 1980 - 1980 Winter Olympic Games open in Lake Placid, New York. 1980 - Walter Cronkite announces his retirement from CBS Evening News. 1985 - CNN reporter Jeremy Levin is freed from captivity in Lebanon. 1989 - Union Carbide agrees to pay USD $470 million to the Indian government for damages it caused in the 1984 Bhopal Disaster. 1989 - Iranian leader Ruhollah Khomeini issues a fatwa encouraging Muslims to kill the author of The Satanic Verses, Salman Rushdie. 1989 - The first of 24 satellites of the Global Positioning System is placed into orbit. 1998 - Authorities in the United States announce that Eric Robert Rudolph is a suspect in an Alabama abortion clinic bombing. 2004 - In a suburb of Moscow, Russia, the roof of the Transvaal water park collapses, killing more than 25 people, and wounding more than 100 others.
Births 1483 - Zahir al-Din Mohammed Babur Shah, founder of the Moghul dynasty (d. 1530) 1766 - Thomas Malthus, economist (d. 1834) 1819 - Joshua A. Norton, Emperor Norton I of the United States of America and Protector of Mexico (d. 1880) 1856 - Frank Harris, author and editor (d. 1931) 1869 - Charles Wilson, physicist 1884 - Hezekiah M. Washburn, missionary (d. 1972) 1890 - Nina Hamnett, artist (d. 1956) 1894 - Jack Benny, actor, comedian (d. 1974) 1895 - Max Horkheimer, philosopher and sociologist (d. 1973) 1898 - Fritz Zwicky, physicist and astronomer (d. 1974) 1905 - Thelma Ritter, actress (d. 1969) 1912 - Tibor Sekelj, Croat explorer (d. 1988) 1913 - Jimmy Hoffa, labor union leader (d. 1975 (disappeared)) 1913 - Mel Allen, sports reporter (d. 1996) 1916 - Masaki Kobayashi, director 1917 - Herbert A. Hauptman, biophysicist, winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1985 1921 - Hugh Downs, game show host, journalist 1929 - Vic Morrow, actor (d. 1982) 1932 - Alexander Kluge, actor and film director 1934 - Michel Corboz, Swiss conductor 1934 - Florence Henderson, American television actress 1943 - Maceo Parker, musician ( P-Funk) 1944 - Alan Parker, director, writer 1944 - Carl Bernstein, journalist 1946 - Bernard Dowiyogo, former president of Nauru (d. 2003) 1946 - Gregory Hines, dancer, actor (d. 2003) 1948 - Raymond Teller, magician ( Penn and Teller) 1959 - Renee Fleming, Canadian soprano 1960 - Jim Kelly, American football quarterback 1968 - Jules Asner, model, television personality 1970 - Simon Pegg, comedian, writer and actor 1972 - Drew Bledsoe, American football quarterback 1973 - Steve McNair, American football quarterback 1978 - Richard Hamilton, basketball player 1980 - Fatima Leyva, Mexican women's soccer player
Deaths 1400 - King Richard II of England murdered (b. 1367) 1405 - Timur (aka Tamerlane), Mongol monarch and conqueror (b. 1336) 1779 - James Cook, British naval captain and explorer (b. 1728) 1831 - Vincente Guerrero, Mexican revolutionary hero (b. 1782) 1831 - Henry Maudslay, inventor and machine tool-maker (b. 1771) 1929 - Tom Burke, American runner 1943 - David Hilbert, mathematician (b. 1862) 1959 - Baby Dodds, jazz musician (b. 1898) 1975 - Julian Huxley, British biologist (b. 1887) 1975 - P. G. Wodehouse, writer (b. 1881) 1983 - Lina Radke, German athlete 1989 - James Bond, American ornithologist and the namesake of the fictional spy James Bond (b. 1900) 1994 - Andrei Chikatilo, Russian serial killer ( executed) (b. 1936) 1999 - John Ehrlichman, presidential advisor (b. 1925) 2003 - Dolly the sheep, the world's first cloned mammal (b. 1996) 2003 - Johnny Longden, jockey 2004 - Marco Pantani, Italian bicyclist and Tour-de-France winner (b. 1970)
Holidays and observances
February 13 - February 15 - January 14 - March 14 -- historical anniversaries
Results from FactBites:
February 14th (2952 words)
The squabble which led to this sad event arose from a miserable cause, the theft of a pair of tongs and a chisel by a native on board one of the ships.
of February, no doubt conceiving that the joke is amazingly good: and, generally, the newspapers do not fail to record that the London postmen delivered so many hundred thousand more letters on that day than they do in general.
The saint himself, who was a priest of Rome, martyred in the third century, seems to have had nothing to do with the matter, beyond the accident of his day being used for the purpose.
Valentine's Day - the NachtKabarett (1055 words)
February 14th, Valentine's Day, is undoubtedly the most significant day within the art of Marilyn Manson.
February 14th 2000 a cover version of the Charles Manson song Sick City (for more on Manson's parallelism to the plight of Charles Manson read The Lamb Of God.com section) was released via MarilynManson.com.
February 14th, 2001 the website This As Valentines Day.com was launched consisting of the Marina Oswald on the cover of Time Magazine, the Russian wife of the alleged assassin of JFK, Lee Harvey Oswald, from February 14th, 1964.
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