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Encyclopedia > Features new to Windows Vista
This article is part of the
Windows Vista series.
New features
Overview
Technical and core system
Security and safety
Networking features
I/O features
Management and administration
Removed features
Other articles
Editions
Development history
Criticism

Windows Vista (formerly codenamed Longhorn) has many significant new features compared with previous Microsoft Windows versions, covering most aspects of the operating system. Windows Vista is a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... Windows Vista (formerly codenamed Windows Longhorn) has many significant new features compared with previous Microsoft Windows versions, covering most aspects of the operating system. ... There are a number of security and safety features new to Windows Vista, most of which are not available in any prior Microsoft Windows operating system release. ... Windows Vista contains a brand new networking stack, which brings large improvements in all areas of network-related functionality[1]. It includes native implementation of IPv6, as well as complete overhaul of IPv4. ... Microsofts latest Windows operating system, Windows Vista, includes a number of new I/O technologies and enhancements that are intended to shorten the time taken to boot the system, improve the responsiveness of the system, and improve the reliability of data storage. ... Windows Vista provides contains a range of new technologies and features that are intended to help network administrators and power users better manage their systems. ... While Windows Vista contains many new features, a number of older technologies, obsolete capabilities and certain programs that were a part of Windows XP are no longer present or changed, resulting in the removal of certain functionality. ... Windows Vista is available in six editions. ... Development of Windows Vista occurred over the span of five and a half years, starting in earnest in May 2001,[1] prior to the release of Microsofts Windows XP operating system, and continuing until November 2006. ... Windows Vista, the latest version of Microsofts desktop operating system, has been the subject of a number of negative assessments by various groups. ... Windows Vista is a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... Windows redirects here. ...


This article discusses the changes most likely to be of interest to non-technical users. The companion article, Technical features new to Windows Vista, discusses the technical advancements in Windows Vista, while the article Security and safety features new to Windows Vista discusses the security advancements. The article Management features new to Windows Vista discusses the management and administrative improvements, which may be of interest to IT professionals. Windows Vista (formerly codenamed Windows Longhorn) has many significant new features compared with previous Microsoft Windows versions, covering most aspects of the operating system. ... There are a number of security and safety features new to Windows Vista, most of which are not available in any prior Microsoft Windows operating system release. ... Windows Vista provides contains a range of new technologies and features that are intended to help network administrators and power users better manage their systems. ...

Contents

Shell & User interface

Windows Aero

Windows Vista uses the Windows Aero graphical user interface.
Windows Vista uses the Windows Aero graphical user interface.
Main article: Windows Aero

Premium editions of Windows Vista include a redesigned user interface and visual style, named Windows Aero (Authentic, Energetic, Reflective and Open). Aero is intended to be cleaner and more aesthetically pleasing than previous Windows versions, including glass-like transparencies, window animations and eye candy. Windows Aero also features a new default font (Segoe UI) with a slightly larger size, a streamlined style for wizards, and a change in the tone and phrasing of most of the dialogs and control panels. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 774 KB) Summary Windows Vista in Windows Aero mode, build 5728. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 774 KB) Summary Windows Vista in Windows Aero mode, build 5728. ... Windows Aero is the graphical user interface for Windows Vista, an operating system released by Microsoft in November 2006. ... Eye candy is an expression used to describe something that is most remarkable by its appearance, but that doesnt have anything else so exciting. ... Segoe UI (pronounced //) is a sans-serif typeface used in Microsoft products for user interface text, as well as for some online user assistance material, designed to improve the consistency in how users see all text across all languages. ... A wizard is an interactive computer program acting as an interface to lead a user through a complex task using dialog steps. ...


In addition to the Windows Aero visual style, Windows Vista includes a "Windows Vista Basic" theme which does not use desktop composition, and is geared towards lower-end machines that are not able to use the Desktop Window Manager, and the "Windows Classic" and "Windows Standard" themes which are similar to the classic themes in Windows 2000 and Windows XP. Windows Aero is not available in Windows Vista Home Basic and Starter editions, although the Desktop Window Manager is included in Windows Vista Home Basic. Desktop Window Manager (DWM) is currently the name for the new windowing system that will be available in all versions of Windows Vista, except Starter Edition, to enable the new Aero user interface. ... Windows Aero is the graphical user interface for Windows Vista, an operating system released by Microsoft in November 2006. ... Desktop Window Manager (DWM) is currently the name for the new windowing system that will be available in all versions of Windows Vista, except Starter Edition, to enable the new Aero user interface. ...


Windows Explorer

Main article: Windows Explorer

Windows Explorer running on Windows Vista Windows Explorer running on Windows XP Windows Explorer is an application that is part of modern versions of the Microsoft Windows operating system that provides a graphical user interface for accessing the file systems. ...

Layout and visualization

A typical Windows Explorer window showing the Navigation Pane to the left, the Properties Pane at the bottom.

Windows Explorer's task pane has been removed, integrating the relevant task options into the toolbar. A Favorites pane on the left contains commonly accessed folders and prepopulated Search Folders. Seven different views are available to view files and folders, namely, List, Details, Small icons, Medium icons, Large icons, Extra large icons or Tiles. File and folder actions such as Cut, Copy, Paste, Undo, Redo, Delete, Rename and Properties are built into a dropdown menu which appears when the Organize button is clicked. It is also possible to change the layout of the Explorer window by using the Organize button. Users can select whether to display Classic Menus, a Search Pane, a Preview Pane, a Reading Pane, and/or the Navigation Pane. Document Properties are available from the common 'Open' and 'Save' dialog boxes, so it is easier to add metadata (such as author or subject) to a document. The metadata can be viewed and edited in the Properties Pane that shows up at the bottom of an Explorer window. The Navigation Pane contains a list of most common folders (the Favorites) for quick navigation. It can also show the folder layout of the entire hard drive or a subset of it. It can contain both real folders as well as virtual ones. By default it contains a links to folders such as Documents and the publicly shared folder, as well as virtual folders that search and present the saved virtual folders and that lists the recently changed documents. The Preview Pane can be used to preview the contents of a document, including viewing pictures in a size larger than the thumbnails shown in the folder listing, and sampling contents of a media file, without opening any additional program. Explorer can show a preview for any image format if the necessary codec authored using the Windows Imaging Component installed. Also, if an application installs proper handlers for the preview pane (like Office 2007 does), then the documents can be edited in the preview pane itself.[1] Image File history File links Windows_Vista_Explorer. ... Image File history File links Windows_Vista_Explorer. ... In computing, a virtual folder generally denotes an organizing principle for files that is not dependent on their physical location in a folder. ... The Windows Imaging Component (WIC) is a Component Object Model based imaging codec framework introduced in Windows Vista for working with and processing digital images and image metadata. ... Microsoft Office 2007 (officially called 2007 Microsoft Office system) is the most recent version of Microsofts productivity suite. ...


Windows Explorer also contains modifications in the visualization of files on a computer. A new addition to Windows Explorer is the Details pane, which displays metadata and information relating to the currently selected file or folder. The Details pane will also display a graphical thumbnail of the file (known as live icon). Furthermore, different imagery is overlayed on thumbnails to give more information about the file, such as a picture frame around the thumbnail of an image file, or a filmstrip on a video file. Thumbnails can be zoomed on. The preview panel allows you to see thumbnails of all sorts of files and view the contents of documents, similar to the way you can preview email messages in Outlook, without opening the files.


The address bar has been modified to present a breadcrumbs view, which shows the full path to the current location. Clicking any location in the path hierarchy takes the user to that level, instead of repeatedly pressing the Back button. This is roughly analogous to what is possible today by pressing the small down-arrow next to "Back" and selecting any folder from a list of previously accessed folders. It is also possible to navigate to any subfolder of the current folder using the arrow to the right of the last item, or to click in the space to the right of this to copy or edit the path manually. As with many other Microsoft-made Windows Vista applications, the menu bar is hidden by default. Pressing the Alt key makes the menu bar appear. Free and used space on all drives is shown in horizontal indicator bars. Check boxes allow the selection of multiple files. Breadcrumbs or breadcrumb trails is a navigation technique used in user interfaces. ...


Icons

Icons in Windows Vista are visually more realistic than illustrative. Icons are scalable in size up to 256 x 256 (512 KB), resolution-independent and optimized for high-DPI displays. Required icon sizes are 16 x 16, 32 x 32, and 256 x 256. Optional sizes are 24 x 24, 48 x 48, 64 x 64, 96 x 96, and 128 x 128. Document icons show the actual document contents and several media types are distinguished by icon overlays (video, audio, photos). The icons can be zoomed in and out using a gradual slider or by holding down the Ctrl key and using the mouse scroll wheel. To optimize and reduce the size of large icons, icons may be stored as compressed PNGs. To maintain backward compatibility with earlier versions of Windows, only larger sized icons can use lossless PNG compression. Nuvola icons for KDE are available as PNG images, which come in six sizes, and SVG images, which are scalable On computer displays, a computer icon is a small pictogram. ... Display standards comparison The display resolution of a digital television or computer display typically refers to the number of distinct pixels in each dimension that can be displayed. ... Dots per inch (DPI) is a measure of printing resolution, in particular the number of individual dots of ink a printer or toner can produce within a linear one-inch (2. ... A computer display monitor, usually called simply a monitor, is a piece of electrical equipment which displays viewable images generated by a computer without producing a permanent record. ... PNG (Portable Network Graphics), sometimes pronounced as ping, is a relatively new bitmap image format that is becoming popular on the World Wide Web and elsewhere. ...


Organizing & metadata

Windows Explorer includes significant changes from previous versions of Windows in terms of organization, navigation, filtering, sorting, grouping and stacking. Combined with integrated desktop searching, Explorer allows users to find and organize their files in new ways, such as "Stacks". The "Stacks" view groups files according to the criterion specified by the user. Stacks can be clicked to filter the files shown in Windows Explorer. Windows Explorer also sorts files on-the-fly automatically as they are renamed or pasted.


The Details pane also allows for the change of some textual metadata such as 'Author' and 'Title' in files that support them within Windows Explorer. A new type of metadata called tags allows users to add descriptive terms to documents for easier categorization and retrieval. Some files support open metadata, allowing users to define new types of metadata for their files. Out-of-the-box, Windows Vista supports Microsoft Office documents and most audio and video files. Metadata support for other file types can however be added by writing shell extensions. Unlike previous versions of Windows, all metadata is stored inside the file, so that it will always travel with the file. However, initially, users will be able to add metadata to only a few file types.[2] In Microsoft Windows, a shell extension is a computer programme that integrates itself into Windows Explorer (the shell. ...


File operations

In Windows Vista, when moving or copying files, Windows Explorer displays the full source and destination path, size and number of items and the transfer speed in megabytes per second (MB/s). If a conflict or error is encountered, it does not terminate the copy or move operation. Rather, the file is skipped and the rest of the files processed. At the end of the operation, the errors are presented to the user with resolution options (if available). If two files have the same name, an option is available to rename the file; in previous versions of Windows, the only options were to either replace the destination file or cancel the process. The user can also choose to apply the same action to the further conflicts, if any.


When renaming a file (when extensions are being displayed), Explorer only highlights the filename without selecting the extension.


In case a file is in use or "locked" by another application, Windows Explorer informs users to close the application and retry the file operation. Also, a new interface IFileIsInUse is introduced into the API which developers can use to let other applications switch to the main window of the application that has the file open or simply close the file from the "File In Use" dialog. [3] If the running application exposes these operations by means of the IFileInUse interface, Windows Explorer, upon encountering a locked file, allows the user to close the file or switch to the application from the dialog box itself.


Default Programs

A common issue in previous Windows versions was that competing applications doing common tasks each tried to associate themselves as the default for a certain file type using their own custom user interface. The default application information for a particular file type was stored in the registry on a per-machine basis, resulting in applications changing another user's default program when one user's defaults were changed and each application querying several different registry values when launched. In Windows Vista onwards, file type associations and protocol handlers can be set on a per-user basis using the new Default Programs API, meaning default programs for file types and tasks can be different for each individual user. There is an API for calling a common user interface so applications no longer need to maintain their own file association UI. The Default Programs API gives applications a programmatic way to check for and discover other default applications, restore a single or all registered defaults, query for the owner of a specific default file association/protocol, launch the Default Programs UI for a specific application or clear all per user associations. Applications only need to registered at install time to be part of Default Programs. File associations are what the Microsoft Windows operating system uses to open a file with the correct program. ...


Windows Flip and Flip 3D

Windows Flip 3D
Windows Flip 3D
Arabic
French

For all Vista Premium Ready PCs, when using Alt+Tab to switch between open windows, a preview of each open window appears instead of just the program icon. In addition, Windows Flip 3D enables users to flip through a cascading stack of their open windows using the mouse scroll wheel. Windows can be stacked and rotated in 3D to provide views of all of them simultaneously. (The keyboard shortcuts are Win+Tab, which makes Flip 3D disappear after releasing, Ctrl+Win+Tab, which keeps Flip 3D visible after releasing, and Win+Shift+Tab to flip through open windows backward).[4] The window buttons on the taskbar show a thumbnail image of the window, when the mouse hovers over the button. Image File history File links Vista_Flip_3d. ... Image File history File links Vista_Flip_3d. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1276x804, 263 KB)Windows Vista with Arabic Langage This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software for Microsoft Windows, and copyright for it is most likely held by the author(s) or the company that created the software. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1276x804, 263 KB)Windows Vista with Arabic Langage This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software for Microsoft Windows, and copyright for it is most likely held by the author(s) or the company that created the software. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1281x812, 271 KB) Windows Vista with French language pack This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software for Microsoft Windows, and copyright for it is most likely held by the author(s) or the company that created the software. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1281x812, 271 KB) Windows Vista with French language pack This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software for Microsoft Windows, and copyright for it is most likely held by the author(s) or the company that created the software. ...


Other shell improvements

  • It is now possible to install and select non-English languages on a per-user basis which transforms the entire shell user interface and applications into Arabic, French, German, Japanese or Spanish from the next login.
  • JPEG files can be natively set as the desktop wallpaper without using Active Desktop (which is no longer supported).[5] Also, the aspect ratio of images is maintained properly while applying them as the desktop wallpaper.
  • A new feature known as Previous Versions can revert the contents of any file to an arbitrary point in the past from the file's Properties. The Previous Versions feature utilizes Shadow Copy, a storage backup technology introduced in Windows Server 2003.

JPG redirects here. ... A screenshot of Ubuntu 6. ... Active Desktop is a feature of Microsoft Internet Explorer 4. ... The aspect ratio of a two-dimensional shape is the ratio of its longer dimension to its shorter dimension. ... Shadow Copy in Windows Vista Shadow Copy (also called Volume Snapshot Service or VSS) is a feature in recent versions of Microsoft Windows that allows taking manual or automatic backup copies or snapshots of a file or folder on a specific volume at a specific point in time. ...

Search

See also: Windows Search

Windows Vista features system-wide integrated search, called Instant Search (also known as Windows Search).[6] Instant Search is designed to run significantly faster and offers more customized search capabilities. Search boxes have been added throughout the Explorer user interface, to the Start menu, Open/Save dialog boxes, and several of the applications included with Windows Vista. By default, Instant Search indexes only a small number of folders such as the start menu, the names of files opened, the Documents folder, and the user's e-mail. Beyond searching for files, search works with Help, Control Panel, Networking, and more. In Control Panel, for example, typing "firewall" will instantly return all applets that have to do with the system firewall.[7] Windows Desktop Search (or WDS) is an indexed search platform released by Microsoft for the Windows operating system. ...

The Search Explorer advanced search pane
The Search Explorer advanced search pane

The search engine uses indexing to allow for a quick display of results for a given search. Advanced options allow the user to choose the file type, how it should be indexed, the properties only, or the properties and the file contents. The Start menu search also doubles as the Run command from previous versions of Windows; simply typing any command will execute it. The indexed search platform is based on Microsoft's Windows Desktop Search 3.0, allowing third-party applications (e.g. Microsoft Outlook 2007) to use the indexing platform to store metadata and perform searches on Windows Vista or Windows XP (with the Windows Desktop Search redistributable installed). This is in contrast to the search engine of Windows XP, which takes some time to display results, and only after the user has finished typing the search string. The Windows Vista search allows users to add multiple filters to continually refine search results (Such as "File contains the word 'example'"). It is also possible to search across RSS and Atom feeds, straight from Windows Explorer. Windows search uses IFilters that are used by Windows Desktop Search as well. The IFilter interface can be implemented by software makers so that files created by their applications can be better integrated with search and indexing programs. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 789 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (832 × 632 pixel, file size: 121 KB, MIME type: image/png) Search functionality in Windows Vista. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 789 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (832 × 632 pixel, file size: 121 KB, MIME type: image/png) Search functionality in Windows Vista. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Windows Desktop Search (or WDS) is an indexed search platform released by Microsoft for the Windows operating system. ... Microsoft Outlook or Outlook (full name Microsoft Office Outlook since Outlook 2003) is a personal information manager from Microsoft, and is part of the Microsoft Office suite. ... Windows Desktop Search (or WDS) is an indexed search platform released by Microsoft for the Windows operating system. ... The name Atom applies to a pair of related standards. ... IFilters are plugins that allow the Windows Indexing Service and the newer Windows Desktop Search to index different various file formats so that they become searchable. ...


Searching can also be done from the box at the bottom of the start menu, so it possible to start a program from here by typing its name, for example "Calc" to start the calculator, "Word" to start Microsoft Word, "Mail" to open Windows Mail, a web address to start the default browser at a particular site, the default search engine, or even a folder name, filename or network share name.


There is also the ability to save searches as a Search Folder where opening the folder will execute a specific search automatically and display the results as a normal folder. A search folder is just an XML file which stores the search query, including the search operators as well. When these files are accessed, the search is run with the saved query string and the results presented as a virtual folder. Windows Vista also supports query composition, where a saved search (called a scope) can be nested within the query string of another search.[8] These virtual folders are also distributable via RSS. In computing, a virtual folder generally denotes an organizing principle for files that is not dependent on their physical location in a folder. ... For RSS feeds from Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Syndication. ...


Windows Vista also features an enhanced file content search for non-indexed locations, whereby the files being scanned are processed by the same IFilters that would be used for indexing, therefore offering more consistent results between indexed and non-indexed searches as well as the ability for third-parties to add support for additional file formats to have their content searched.


Windows Sidebar

Windows Gadgets
Windows Gadgets
Main article: Windows Sidebar

Windows Sidebar is a new panel which can be placed on either the left or the right-hand side of the screen where a user can place Desktop Gadgets, which are small applets designed for a specialized purpose (such as displaying the weather or sports scores). The gadgets can also be placed on other parts of the desktop, if desired, by dragging. By default, Windows Vista ships with thirteen gadgets: Calculator, Clock, CPU Meter, Currency Conversion, Feed Viewer, Feed Watcher, Notes, Number Puzzle, Picture Puzzle, Recycle Bin, Slide Show, Stocks, and an egg timer. Additional gadgets are published at Microsoft's web site, which offers both Microsoft-created and user-submitted gadgets in a gallery. Image File history File links Sidebar_Gadgets_RTM.png‎ Sidebar Gadget in Windows Vista This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software for Microsoft Windows, and copyright for it is most likely held by the author(s) or the company that created the software. ... Image File history File links Sidebar_Gadgets_RTM.png‎ Sidebar Gadget in Windows Vista This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software for Microsoft Windows, and copyright for it is most likely held by the author(s) or the company that created the software. ... An example group of Gadgets, each attached to the sidebar Add Gadgets window The Windows Sidebar is a panel for Desktop Gadgets that is anchored to the side of the Windows Vista desktop. ... An example group of Gadgets, each attached to the sidebar Add Gadgets window The Windows Sidebar is a panel for Desktop Gadgets that is anchored to the side of the Windows Vista desktop. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Microsoft gadgets. ...


Gadgets are written using a combination of DHTML for visual layout, JScript and VBScript for functional code, and an XML file for defining the gadget's metadata (author name, description, etc.) The gadget is then distributed as a ZIP file with a .gadget extension. Displaying the gadget using DHTML allows the same gadget to be used on Microsoft's Live.com and Windows Live Spaces sites. Alternatively, on Windows Vista, the gadget can detect that WPF is available and take advantage of its graphical abilities to display in a different way from the web.
Microsoft Gadgets are light-weight single-purpose applications that can sit on the users computer desktop, or are hosted on a web page. ... Dynamic HTML or DHTML is a collection of technologies used together to create interactive and animated web sites by using a combination of a static markup language (such as HTML), a client-side scripting language (such as JavaScript), a presentation definition language (Cascading Style Sheets, CSS), and the Document Object... JScript is the Microsoft implementation of the ECMAScript scripting programming language specification. ... VBScript (short for Visual Basic Scripting Edition) is an Active Scripting language developed by Microsoft. ... The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a W3C-recommended general-purpose markup language that supports a wide variety of applications. ... Dynamic HTML or DHTML is a collection of technologies used together to create interactive and animated web sites by using a combination of a static markup language (such as HTML), a client-side scripting language (such as JavaScript), a presentation definition language (Cascading Style Sheets, CSS), and the Document Object... Live. ... Windows Live Spaces (also known by its users as MSN Spaces) is Microsofts blogging and Social Networking platform. ... This subsystem is a part of . ...


New and upgraded applications

  • Windows Mail replaces Outlook Express, the email client in previous Windows versions. It has the Phishing Filter like IE7 and a Bayesian junk mail filtering, which is updated monthly via Windows Update. Also, e-mail messages are now stored as individual files rather than in a binary database to reduce frequent corruption and make messages searchable in real-time. Backing up and restoring account setup information, configuration and mail store is now made easier. It does however omit some features of Outlook Express , such as a "Block sender" for Usenet access. Windows Mail is itself being replaced with Windows Live Mail.
  • Windows Contacts, a new unified contact and personal information management application, replaces Windows Address Book (WAB). It is based on a new XML based propriety file format where each contact appears as an individual .contact file, and features extensibility APIs for integration with other applications. It can store custom information related to contacts, including display pictures. The legacy *.wab format and the open standard *.vcf (vCard) and *.csv (Comma separated values) file formats are also supported.
  • Windows Calendar is the new calendar application that is included in Windows Vista. It supports the popular iCalendar format as well as sharing, subscribing and publishing of calendars on WebDAV-enabled web servers and network shares.
  • Windows Fax and Scan is an integrated faxing and scanning application. With this users can send and receive faxes, fax or email scanned documents and forward faxes as email attachments from the computer. It replaces (or enhances) the 'Fax Services' component which was available as an optional component in Windows XP. It is available by default in the Ultimate edition and is also available in the Business and Enterprise editions. By connecting a scanner and a fax-capable modem to the computer, users can preview documents before scanning them and can choose to directly fax or email the scanned the documents. The user interface resembles that of 'Windows Mail' with preview pane, tree views etc.
  • Windows Meeting Space, the replacement for NetMeeting, is a peer-to-peer (p2p) collaboration application. Users can share applications (or their entire desktop) with other users on the local network, or over the Internet. Windows Meeting Space allows sharing of the desktop with other co-workers, distribution and collaborative editing of documents, and passing notes to other participants. Windows Meeting Space automatically finds other users using People Near Me, a technology that uses WS-Discovery to see other users on a local network.
  • Paint has new features such as a crop function and the undo limit has been raised from 3 to 10.
  • WordPad now supports the Text Services Framework, using which Windows Speech Recognition is implemented. Therefore, it is possible to dictate text in WordPad, and similar other applications which support RichEdit.
  • Sound Recorder has been rewritten and now supports recording clips of any length and saving them as WMA. However, saving to WAV format is not supported except in the N editions of Windows Vista.
  • Snipping Tool, first introduced in Experience Pack for Windows XP Tablet PC Edition 2005, is a screen-capture tool that allows for taking screen shots (called snips) of windows, rectangular areas, or free-form areas. Snips can then be annotated, saved (as an image file or HTML page), or e-mailed.
  • The Magnifier accessibility tool uses WPF, which in turn uses vector images to render the content. As a result, the rendered magnified image is sharp and not pixelated.[9] However, this is useful only for WPF applications. Non-WPF applications are still magnified the traditional way.
  • Windows Photo Gallery, a photo and video library management application. It can import from digital cameras, tag and rate individual pictures including custom metadata. It also allows basic editing of images, such as adjusting color and exposure, resizing, cropping, red-eye reduction and printing. Slideshows, with pan, fade and other effects, can also be created, and burnt to DVD. It allows custom metadata to be added to images and videos, and enables searching by the attributes. It also supports RAW images natively and can open and organize any image format for which image codecs are installed in the Windows Imaging Component. Images, and videos too, may be viewed in the Windows Photo Gallery Viewer with options to zoom, pan and losslessly rotate images; pause or play videos; and bring up the Info pane to view and edit metadata about a photo or a video. ICC V4 color profiles embedded in images are also supported. The Photo Print Wizard has been improved to offer a lot of customizability.
  • Windows Movie Maker supports editing and outputting HD video, as well as burning the output movie on a CD. The ability to or burn to a DVD requires the Windows DVD Maker add-on (Home Premium & Ultimate only). DVR-MS videos can now be edited with Windows Movie Maker. Some new effects and transitions have been added and the transitions are now smoother. All Windows Vista Movie Maker versions require pixel shader hardware support.
  • Windows DVD Maker, a DVD creation application. Applications can also pass an XML file to DVD maker for authoring and burning.
  • Games: Minesweeper, Solitaire, Hearts, FreeCell and Spider Solitaire have been updated and rewritten to take advantage of Windows Vista's new graphics capabilities. Also included are new games, namely, Purble Place, Chess Titans and Mahjong Titans. InkBall, a game previously available only with Windows XP Tablet PC Edition, has been included and can also be played using a mouse. Pinball has been dropped. As of the consumer launch of 30th January 2007, users of the Ultimate edition of Windows Vista can also download Texas Hold 'Em Poker as an Ultimate Extra.

Image File history File links Windows_Calendar. ... Image File history File links Windows_Calendar. ... Windows Calendar is a calendar application that is included in Microsoft Windows Vista. ... Image File history File links Paint_Vista. ... Image File history File links Paint_Vista. ... Paint (formerly Paintbrush for Windows) is a simple graphics painting program that has been included with almost all versions of Microsoft Windows since its first release. ... Windows Mail is an e-mail and newsgroup client included exclusively in Windows Vista. ... For the personal information manager included in the Microsoft Office suite, see Microsoft Outlook. ... E-mail, or email, is short for electronic mail and is a method of composing, sending, and receiving messages over electronic communication systems. ... Bayesian spam filtering (pronounced Bays-ee-en, IPA pronunciation: , after Rev. ... Live Mail redirects here. ... Windows Contacts is a address book management system, which replaces Windows Address Book. ... Windows Address Book is a component of Microsoft Windows that lets users keep a single list of contacts that can be shared by multiple programs. ... The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a general-purpose markup language. ... The correct title of this article is . ... Windows Calendar is a calendar application that is included in Microsoft Windows Vista. ... iCalendar is a standard (RFC 2445) for calendar data exchange. ... WebDAV, an abbreviation that stands for Web-based Distributed Authoring and Versioning, refers to the set of extensions to the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) which allows users to collaboratively edit and manage files on remote World Wide Web servers. ... Windows Fax and Scan (WFS) is an integrated faxing and scanning application scheduled to be included with the Windows Vista operating system. ... Windows XP is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on general-purpose computer systems, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ... In computing, a scanner is a device that analyzes images, printed text, or handwriting, or an object (such as an ornament) and converts it to a digital image. ... For other uses, see Modem (disambiguation). ... The user interface is the part of a system exposed to users. ... Windows Mail is an e-mail and newsgroup client included exclusively in Windows Vista. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section should be merged with Video teleconference A videoconference is a live connection between people in separate locations for the purpose of communication, usually involving audio and often text as well as video. ... A peer-to-peer (or P2P) computer network is a network that relies on the computing power and bandwidth of the participants in the network rather than concentrating it in a relatively few servers. ... Web Services Dynamic Discovery (WS-Discovery) is a technical specification that defines a multicast discovery protocol to locate services on a local network. ... Paint (formerly Paintbrush for Windows) is a simple graphics painting program that has been included with almost all versions of Microsoft Windows since its first release. ... WordPad is a simple word processor that is included with almost all versions of Microsoft Windows from Windows 95 upwards. ... The Text Services Framework (TSF) , is a COM framework and API in Windows XP and later Windows operating systems that supports advanced text input and text processing. ... Windows Speech Recognition in Sleep mode Windows Speech Recognition is a speech recognition application included in Windows Vista. ... Sound Recorder on Windows XP Sound Recorder is a simple audio recording program that ships with most versions of Microsoft Windows. ... WMA can refer to: Windows Media Audio World Medical Association William Morris Agency This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Image File history File links Snipping_Tool_Vista. ... Image File history File links Snipping_Tool_Vista. ... Snipping Tool is an application included in premium editions of Windows Vista and Experience Pack for Windows XP Tablet PC Edition 2005. ... Snipping Tool is an application included in premium editions of Windows Vista and Experience Pack for Windows XP Tablet PC Edition 2005. ... A typical Windows XP desktop. ... HTML, an initialism of Hypertext Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. ... Microsoft Magnifier is a magnification tool for the visually impaired to use Microsoft Windows. ... This subsystem is a part of . ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 767 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1120 × 876 pixel, file size: 526 KB, MIME type: image/png) // A screenshot of Windows Photo Gallery in Windows Vista. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 767 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1120 × 876 pixel, file size: 526 KB, MIME type: image/png) // A screenshot of Windows Photo Gallery in Windows Vista. ... Windows Photo Gallery (WPG) is an application included with Microsofts Windows Vista operating system that provides photo management and basic editing facilities. ... Windows Photo Gallery (WPG) is an application included with Microsofts Windows Vista operating system that provides photo management and basic editing facilities. ... A raw image file contains minimally processed data from the image sensor of a digital camera or image scanner. ... The Windows Imaging Component (WIC) is a Component Object Model based imaging codec framework introduced in Windows Vista for working with and processing digital images and image metadata. ... “Movie maker” redirects here. ... DVR-MS (Microsoft Digital Video Recording) is a proprietary video and audio file format, developed by Microsoft. ... Windows DVD Maker is an application included in premium editions (Home Premium and Ultimate) of Windows Vista that is designed to enable the creation of DVD movies in Windows. ... The game begins when the user clicks on a blank square. ... Solitaire is a card game that is included in most versions of Microsoft Windows. ... Hearts is a card game that is included in Microsoft Windows. ... Part way through game of FreeCell on KDE. FreeCell is a solitaire card game superficially similar to Klondike. ... Spider Solitaire is a card game that is included in recent versions of Microsoft Windows. ... Purble Place is a computer game developed by Oberon Games and included in Windows Vista. ... Chess Titans is a computer game, developed by Oberon Games, included with Microsofts Windows Vista operating system. ... Mahjong Titans is a computer game, developed by Oberon Games, included with Microsofts Windows Vista operating system. ... InkBall is a computer game included in recent versions of Microsoft Windows. ... A Tablet PC is a notebook- or slate-shaped mobile computer. ... Full Tilt! Pinball (also known as Pinball 95) is a pinball computer game developed by Cinematronics and published by Maxis in 1995. ... Texas hold em (also holdem, holdem) is the most popular of the community card poker games. ... Windows Ultimate Extras are optional features offered to users of Windows Vista Ultimate Edition. ...

Windows Internet Explorer 7

Windows Vista includes the latest version of Internet Explorer, which adds support for tabbed browsing, Atom, RSS, internationalized domain names, a search box, a phishing filter, an anti-spoofing URL engine, fine-grained control over ActiveX add-ons, thumbnails of all open tabs in a single window (called Quick Tabs), page zoom, and tab groups. Tab groups make it possible to open a folder of Favorites in tabs with a single click. Importing bookmarks and cookies from other web browsers is also supported. Additionally, there is now proper support for PNG images with transparency as well as improvements and fixes to CSS and HTML rendering. The Windows RSS Platform offers native RSS support, with developer APIs. Image File history File links Windows_Internet_Explorer_7_Vista. ... Image File history File links Windows_Internet_Explorer_7_Vista. ... Windows Internet Explorer, previously Microsoft Internet Explorer, abbreviated IE or MSIE, is a proprietary graphical web browser made by Microsoft and currently available as part of Microsoft Windows. ... Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ... Windows Internet Explorer 7 is a web browser released by Microsoft in late 2006 for Windows Vista, Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. ... In graphical user interfaces in computer applications, a tabbed document interface (TDI) is one that relies on tabbed panes to hold child windows. ... The name Atom applies to a pair of related standards. ... For RSS feeds from Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Syndication. ... Example of Arabic IDN Example of Chinese IDN Example of Greek IDN Example of Hebrew IDN Example of Hindi IDN An internationalized domain name (IDN) is an Internet domain name that (potentially) contains non-ASCII characters. ... An example of a phishing email, disguised as an official email from a (fictional) bank. ... PNG (Portable Network Graphics), sometimes pronounced as ping, is a relatively new bitmap image format that is becoming popular on the World Wide Web and elsewhere. ... In web development, Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a stylesheet language used to describe the presentation of a document written in a markup language. ... Windows RSS Platform, included in Internet Explorer 7 and Windows Vista is a platform that exposes feed handling and management to Windows applications. ... For RSS feeds from Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Syndication. ...


On Windows Vista, Internet Explorer operates in a special "Protected Mode", which runs the browser in a security sandbox that has no access to the rest of the operating system or file system, except the Temporary Internet Files folder. This feature aims to mitigate problems whereby newly-discovered flaws in the browser (or in ActiveX controls hosted inside it) allowed hackers to subversively install software on the user's computer (typically spyware).[10][11]


Internet Explorer 7 additionally features an update to the WinInet API. The new version has better support for IPv6, and handles hexadecimal literals in the IPv6 address. It also includes better support for Gzip and deflate compression, so that communication with a web server can be compressed and thus will require less data to be transferred.[12][13] Internet Explorer Protected Mode support in WinInet is exclusive to Windows Vista. Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is a network layer protocol for packet-switched internetworks. ... gzip is a software application used for file compression. ... DEFLATE is a lossless data compression algorithm that uses a combination of the LZ77 algorithm and Huffman coding. ...


Windows Media Player 11

Main article: Windows Media Player

Windows Media Player 11, which is also available on Windows XP, features a fully revamped interface. Windows Media Player 11 in Windows Vista Home Premium and Ultimate Editions natively supports playback of HD DVD. Specifically, Windows Vista supports the MMC-5 commands, the driver commands for the AACS content protection scheme, as well as the UDF file system, although UDF is currently a part of the BD-R file system and not HD DVD. Windows Vista Home Premium and Ultimate Editions also natively include the VC-1 and the MPEG-2 video decoders, as well as the Dolby Digital (AC-3) 5.1 audio decoder. H.264 video and other multichannel surround sound audio standards still require third party decoders.[14][15] Blu-ray Disc playback also requires third-party components to be installed. The Media Library is now presented without the category trees which were prominent in the earlier versions. Rather, on selecting the category in the left pane, the contents appear on the right, in a graphical manner with thumbnails — a stark departure from textual presentation of information. Search has been upgraded to be much faster. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 572 pixel Image in higher resolution (1032 × 738 pixel, file size: 233 KB, MIME type: image/png) A screenshot of Windows Media Player 11 in Windows Vista. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 572 pixel Image in higher resolution (1032 × 738 pixel, file size: 233 KB, MIME type: image/png) A screenshot of Windows Media Player 11 in Windows Vista. ... Windows Media Player (WMP) is a digital media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and viewing images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices. ... Windows Media Player (WMP) is a digital media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and viewing images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices. ... Windows XP is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on general-purpose computer systems, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ... HD-DVD disc HD DVD (for High Density Digital Versatile Disc) is a digital optical media format which is being developed as one standard for high-definition DVD. HD DVD is similar to the competing Blu-ray Disc, which also uses the same CD sized (120 mm diameter) optical data... The Advanced Access Content System (AACS) is a standard for content distribution and digital rights management, intended to restrict access to and copying of the next generation of optical discs and DVDs. ... The Universal Disk Format (UDF) is a format specification of a file system for storing files on optical media. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... VC-1 is the informal name of the SMPTE 421M video codec standard initially developed by Microsoft. ... MPEG-2 is a standard for the generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information [1]. It is widely used around the world to specify the format of the digital television signals that are broadcast by terrestrial (over-the-air), cable, and direct broadcast satellite TV systems. ... Dolby Digital is the marketing name for a series of lossy audio compression technologies by Dolby Laboratories. ... H.264 is a high compression digital video codec standard written by the ITU-T Video Coding Experts Group (VCEG) together with the ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) as the product of a collective partnership effort known as the Joint Video Team (JVT). ... A Blu-ray Disc (also called BDray) is a high-density optical disc format for the storage of digital information, including high-definition video. ...


Other features of Windows Media Player 11 include:

  • Stacking - Stacking allows graphical viewing of how many albums exist in a specific category of music. The pile appears larger as the category contains more albums.
  • Media Sharing - which allows one to share their Media library and make it accessible to other PCs running Windows Vista, Xbox 360, or networked Media Receivers.
  • Word Wheel - Searches and displays results as characters are being entered, without waiting for Enter key to be hit. Results are refined based on further characters that are typed.
  • CD Burning - CD burning now shows a graphical bar showing how much space will be used on the disc.
  • URGE - The new music store from Microsoft and MTV networks is integrated with the player. As of October 28, 2007, the URGE service was discontinued when it merged with Rhapsody; the link in WMP11 remains but is no longer functional. In order to use Rhapsody, a separate download is required.
  • Global Status - Global status shows a broad overview of what the player is doing. The information presented include status information regarding buffering, ripping, burning and synchronization.
  • RSS feed support through the integrated feed store that comes with Internet Explorer 7.

Windows Media Player 11 for Windows Vista is a superset of features of what is in the version for previous Windows versions.[16] Windows Vista is a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... It has been suggested that Xbox 360 Elite be merged into this article or section. ... Urge Music Store on WMP 11 Beta for Windows Vista URGE or URGE.com is an online music service announced on December 13, 2005 and released on May 17, 2006. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... For RSS feeds from Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Syndication. ... Windows RSS Platform, included in Internet Explorer 7 and Windows Vista is a platform that exposes feed handling and management to Windows applications. ... Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ... Windows Vista is a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ...


Windows Media Center

Main article: Windows Media Center

Media Center in Windows Vista, available in the Home Premium and Ultimate editions, has been upgraded significantly, including a considerable overhaul of the user interface. Each button in the main menu, which contains sections such as "Music", "Videos", and "TV", gets encased in a box when selected, and for each selection, a submenu comes up, extending horizontally. When any of the options is selected, the entries for each are presented in a grid-like structure, with each item being identified by album art, if its an audio file, or a thumbnail image if it is a picture, a video or a TV recording, and other related options, such as different views for the music collection if "Music" is selected, extend horizontally along the top of the grid. Similarly, other items are identified by suggestive artwork. The grid displaying the items is also extended horizontally, and the selected item is enlarged compared to the rest. Other features of Windows Media Center include: Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (869x516, 295 KB) Media Center in Windows Vista build 5536 This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software for Microsoft Windows, and copyright for it is most likely held by the author(s) or the company that created the software. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (869x516, 295 KB) Media Center in Windows Vista build 5536 This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software for Microsoft Windows, and copyright for it is most likely held by the author(s) or the company that created the software. ... Windows Media Center is an application designed to serve as a home-entertainment hub. ... Windows Media Center is an application designed to serve as a home-entertainment hub. ... Windows Media Center is an application designed to serve as a home-entertainment hub. ...

  • Support for two dual-tuner cards
  • Native DVD/MPEG-2 support
  • Addition of Movies and DVD button which lists all the movies on the hard drive and DVD.
  • Tasks button that provides access to jobs such as setting up and configuring a media center extender device.
  • Any video playing is overlaid on the background of the user interface, if the UI is navigated while the video is still playing.
  • Support for high-definition (HD) content, and CableCARD support.

CableCARD is a plug-in card approximately the size of a credit card that allows consumers in the United States to view and record digital cable television channels on digital video recorders, personal computers and televisions without the use of other equipment such as a set top box (STB) provided...

Internet Information Services 7

IIS 7's redesigned management console
IIS 7's redesigned management console

Windows Vista includes Internet Information Services (IIS) version 7, which has been refactored into a modular architecture, with integrated .NET extensibility. Instead of a monolithic server which features all services, IIS 7 has a core web server engine, and modules offering specific functionality can be added to the engine to enable its features. Writing extensions to IIS 7 using ISAPI has been deprecated in favor of the module API. Much of IIS's own functionality is built on this API, and as such, developers will have much more control over a request process than was possible in prior versions. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (868x673, 126 KB)Screenshot of Internet Information Services in Windows Vista. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (868x673, 126 KB)Screenshot of Internet Information Services in Windows Vista. ... Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS, formerly called Internet Information Server) is a set of Internet-based services for servers using Microsoft Windows. ... Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS, formerly called Internet Information Server) is a set of Internet-based services for servers using Microsoft Windows. ... The Internet Server Application Programming Interface (ISAPI) is an N-tier API of Internet Information Services (IIS), Microsofts collection of Windows-based web server services. ...


A significant change from previous versions of IIS is that all web server configuration information is stored solely in XML configuration files, instead of in the metabase. The server has a global configuration file that provides defaults, and each virtual web's document root (and any subdirectory thereof) may contain a web.config containing settings that augment or override the defaults. Changes to these files take effect immediately. This marks a significant departure from previous versions whereby web interfaces, or machine administrator access, was required to change simple settings such as default document, active modules, and security/authentication.


IIS 7 also features a completely rewritten administration interface that takes advantage of modern MMC features such as task panes and asynchronous operation. Configuration of ASP.NET is more fully integrated into the administrative interface. MMC on Windows Server 2003, running Computer Management snap-in The Microsoft Management Console (MMC) is a component of modern Microsoft Windows operating systems that provides system administrators and advanced users with a flexible interface through which they may configure and monitor the system. ... ASP.NET logo ASP.NET is a web application framework marketed by Microsoft that programmers can use to build dynamic web sites, web applications and XML web services. ...


Previous versions of IIS included with Windows XP had hard limits on concurrent connections and defined web servers; IIS 7.0 on Windows Vista will not limit the number of connections allowed but will limit workloads based on the active concurrent requests to 10.


Security and safety

Beginning in early 2002 with Microsoft's announcement of their Trustworthy Computing initiative, a great deal of work has gone into making Windows Vista a more secure operating system than its predecessors. Internally, Microsoft adopted a "Secure Development Lifecycle"[17] with the underlying ethos of, "Secure by design, secure by default, secure in deployment". New code for Windows Vista was developed with the SDL methodology, and all existing code was reviewed and refactored to improve security. There are a number of security and safety features new to Windows Vista, most of which are not available in any prior Microsoft Windows operating system release. ... Trusted computing (TC) refers to a family of specifications from the controversial TCPA with their stated goal of making computers more secure through the use of dedicated hardware. ...


Some of the most significant and most discussed security features included with Windows Vista include User Account Control, Kernel Patch Protection, BitLocker Drive Encryption, Mandatory Integrity Control, Digital Rights Management, TCP/IP stack security improvements, Address Space Layout Randomization and the EFS and cryptography improvements. Additionally, Windows Vista includes a range of parental controls, which give owners of a computer a set of tools to limit what other accounts on a computer can do, and an improved Windows Firewall which supports both inbound and outbound packet filtering, IPv6 connection filtering and more detailed configurable rules and policies. UAC confirmation dialog UAC credentials dialog User Account Control (UAC) is a technology and security infrastructure introduced with Microsofts Windows Vista operating system. ... Kernel Patch Protection, informally known as PatchGuard, is a feature of x64 editions of Microsoft Windows that prevents patching the kernel. ... BitLocker Drive Encryption is a data protection feature integrated into Microsofts Windows Vista operating system that provides encryption for the entire OS volume. ... Mandatory Integrity Control (MIC, also called Integrity levels)[1] is a new security feature in Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008, which adds Integrity Levels (IL) to processes running in a login session. ... The Protected Media Path is a set of technologies creating a Protected Environment, first included in Microsofts Windows Vista operating system, that are used to enforce digital rights management (or DRM) protections on content. ... There are a number of security and safety features new to Windows Vista, most of which are not available in any prior Microsoft Windows operating system release. ... Address space layout randomization (ASLR) is a computer security technique which involves arranging the positions of key data areas, usually including the base of the executable and position of libraries, heap, and stack, randomly in a process address space. ... The Encrypting File System (EFS) is a file system with filesystem-level encryption available in Microsofts Windows 2000 and later operating systems. ... The Cryptographic Application Programming Interface (also known variously as CryptoAPI, Microsoft Cryptography API, or simply CAPI) is an application programming interface included with Microsoft Windows operating systems that provides services to enable developers to secure Windows-based applications using cryptography. ... There are a number of security and safety features new to Windows Vista, most of which are not available in any prior Microsoft Windows operating system release. ... Windows Firewall icon in Windows Vista Windows Firewall is a personal firewall, included with Microsofts Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Vista operating systems. ...


Management and administration

Windows Vista contains a range of new technologies and features that are intended to help network administrators and power users better manage their systems. Notable changes include a complete replacement of the "Windows Setup" process based on Windows Preinstallation Environment (WinPE), completely rewritten image-based deployment mechanisms, a significantly improved Task Scheduler, a revamped eventing infrastructure, GUI recovery tools, support for per-application Remote Desktop sessions, new diagnostic, health monitoring and system administration tools, and a range of new Group Policy settings covering many of the new features. Windows Vista provides contains a range of new technologies and features that are intended to help network administrators and power users better manage their systems. ... The terms network administrator, network specialist and network analyst designate job positions of engineers involved in computer networks, the people who carry out network administration. ... A power user is a user of a personal computer who can utilize advanced functions and programs which are outside the reach of normal users due to the complexity and advanced knowledge required to perform these specialized tasks. ... Windows PE beginning to boot under Microsoft Virtual PC. It uses the same, minimal version of NTLDR(SETUPLDR.BIN) as Windows NT/2000/XP Setup. ... The Windows Imaging Format (WIM) is a file-based disk image format. ... This article is about the scheduled tasks component in Windows. ... Event Viewer in Windows XP. Event Viewer in Windows Vista. ... Windows Vistas System Recovery menu Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE) is a set of tools included in the Windows Vista operating system to help diagnose and recover from serious errors which may be preventing Windows from booting successfully. ... Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) is a multi-channel protocol that allows a user to connect to a computer running Microsoft Terminal Services. ... Windows Vista provides contains a range of new technologies and features that are intended to help network administrators and power users better manage their systems. ... Local Group Policy Editor in Windows XP Media Center Edition Group policy is a feature of Microsoft Windows NT family of operating systems that provides centralized management and configuration of computers and remote users in an Active Directory environment. ...


Graphics

Desktop Window Manager

The Desktop Window Manager is the new windowing system which handles the drawing of all content to the screen. Instead of windows drawing directly to the video card's memory buffers, contents are instead rendered to back-buffers (technically Direct3D surfaces), which are then arranged in the appropriate Z-order, then displayed to the user. This drawing method uses significantly more video memory than the traditional window-drawing method used in previous versions of Windows, which only required enough memory to contain the composite of all currently visible windows at any given time. With the entire contents of windows being stored in video memory, a user can move windows around the screen smoothly, without having "tearing" artifacts be visible while the operating system asks applications to redraw the newly visible parts of their windows. Other features new to Windows Vista such as live thumbnail window previews and Flip 3D are implemented through the DWM. Desktop Window Manager (DWM) is currently the name for the new windowing system that will be available in all versions of Windows Vista, except Starter Edition, to enable the new Aero user interface. ... Desktop Window Manager (DWM) is currently the name for the new windowing system that will be available in all versions of Windows Vista, except Starter Edition, to enable the new Aero user interface. ... A windowing system is a graphical user interface (GUI) which uses the window as one of its primary metaphors. ...


Users need to have a DirectX 9 capable video card to be able to use the Desktop Window Manager. Machines that can't use the DWM fall back to a "Basic" theme, and use screen drawing methods similar to Windows XP. Microsoft Direct eXtension (almost always called DirectX) is a collection of application programming interfaces for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms. ...


The Desktop Window Manager (DWM) is included in all editions of Windows Vista except the Starter edition. Desktop Window Manager (DWM) is currently the name for the new windowing system that will be available in all versions of Windows Vista, except Starter Edition, to enable the new Aero user interface. ...


DirectX

Main article: Direct3D

Windows Vista includes a new version of Direct3D, called Direct3D 10. It adds scheduling and memory virtualization capabilities to the graphics subsystem and foregoes the current DirectX practice of using "capability bits" to indicate which features are active on the current hardware. Instead, Direct3D 10 defines a minimum standard of hardware capabilities which must be supported for a display system to be "Direct3D 10 compatible". Microsoft's goal is to create an environment for developers and designers where they can be assured that the input they provide will be rendered in exactly the same fashion on all supported graphics cards. This has been a recurring problem with the DirectX 9 model, where different video cards have produced different results, thus requiring fixes keyed to specific cards to be produced by developers. Direct3D is part of Microsofts DirectX API. Direct3D is only available for Microsofts various Windows operating systems (Windows 95 and above) and is the base for the graphics API on the Xbox and Xbox 360 console systems. ... Microsoft Direct eXtension (almost always called DirectX) is a collection of application programming interfaces for handling tasks related to multimedia, especially game programming and video, on Microsoft platforms. ...


According to Microsoft, Direct3D 10 will be able to display some graphics up to 8 times faster than DirectX 9.0c because of the new improved Windows Display Driver Model. In addition, Direct3D 10 incorporates Microsoft's High Level Shader Language 4.0. However, Direct3D 10 is not backward compatible like prior versions of DirectX. The same game will not be compatible with both Direct3D 10 and Direct3D 9 or below. Games would need to be developed for both APIs, one version for Direct3D 9 and below if targeting Windows versions prior to Windows Vista and another version using Direct3D 10 if targeting only Windows Vista. Windows Vista does, however, contain a backward compatible Direct3D 9 implementation. Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM) is the new graphic driver model for video cards running under Windows Vista. ... The High Level Shader Language (HLSL) is a shader language developed by Microsoft for use with DirectX, and is very similar to Cg. ...


The Direct3D 10 API introduces unified vertex and pixel shaders. In addition, it also supports Geometry Shaders, which operate on entire geometric primitives (points, lines, and triangles), and can allow calculations based on adjacent primitives as well. The output of the geometry shader can be passed directly onwards to the rasterizer for interpolation and pixel shading, or written to a vertex buffer (known as 'stream out') to be fed back into the beginning of the pipeline. Vertex and pixel (or fragment) shaders are shaders that run on a graphics card, executed once for every vertex or pixel in a specified 3D mesh. ... Vertex and pixel (or fragment) shaders are computer programs that run on a graphics card, executed once for every vertex or pixel in a specified 3D mesh. ...


D3D10 functionality requires WDDM (Windows Display Driver Model) and new graphics hardware. The graphics hardware will be pre-emptively multithreaded, to allow multiple threads to use the GPU in turns. It will also provide paging of the graphics memory. Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM) is the new graphic driver model for video cards running under Windows Vista. ...


The version of Direct3D 9 available in Windows Vista is called Direct3D 9Ex. This modified API also uses the WDDM and allows Direct3D 9 applications to access some of the features available in Windows Vista such as cross-process shared surfaces, managed graphics memory, prioritization of resources, text anti-aliasing, advanced gamma functions, and device removal management. Windows Display Driver Model (WDDM) is the new graphic driver model for video cards running under Windows Vista. ...


Deprecation of other DirectX APIs:


In Windows Vista, only Direct3D features an overhaul. The DirectX SDK mentions that most of the other APIs have been deprecated. DirectInput and DirectPlay have been deprecated. DirectSound lacks hardware abstraction and is emulated in software. Only DirectMusic has been included intact. Direct3D is part of Microsofts DirectX API. Direct3D is only available for Microsofts various Windows operating systems (Windows 95 and above) and is the base for the graphics API on the Xbox and Xbox 360 console systems. ... DirectInput is a library of objects for collecting input from the user, via input devices such the mouse, keyboard, joystick or game controllers. ... DirectPlay is part of Microsofts DirectX API. DirectPlay is a network communication library intended for computer game development, although its general nature certainly allows it to be used for other purposes. ... DirectSound is software supplied by Microsoft that resides on a computer with the Windows operating system. ... DirectMusic is a high-level set of objects, built on top of DirectSound, that allow you to play sound and music without needing to get quite as low-level as DirectSound. ...


Imaging

Windows Imaging Component (WIC) is a new extensible imaging framework that allows applications supporting the framework to automatically get support of installed codecs for graphics file formats. Windows Presentation Foundation applications also automatically support the installed image codecs. Third party developers can write their own image codecs for their specific image file formats. By default, Windows Vista ships with the JPEG, TIFF, GIF, PNG, BMP and HD Photo codecs. Codecs for RAW image formats used generally by high-end digital cameras are also supported in this manner. Windows Explorer, Windows Photo Gallery and Windows Photo Gallery Viewer are based on this new framework and can thus view and export images in any format for which the necessary codecs are installed. The Windows Imaging Component (WIC) is a Component Object Model based imaging codec framework introduced in Windows Vista for working with and processing digital images and image metadata. ... JPEG XR (formerly HD Photo (formerly Windows Media Photo) ) is a still image compression algorithm and file format for continuous tone photographic images, developed by Microsoft as a part of the Windows Media family. ... The Windows Imaging Component (WIC) is a Component Object Model based imaging codec framework introduced in Windows Vista for working with and processing digital images and image metadata. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Comparison of graphics file formats. ... This subsystem is a part of . ... JPG redirects here. ... This article is about TIFF, the computer image format. ... An example of a GIF image. ... PNG (Portable Network Graphics), sometimes pronounced as ping, is a relatively new bitmap image format that is becoming popular on the World Wide Web and elsewhere. ... BMP is an abbreviation for: Basic Multilingual Plane, the 16-bit base of the Unicode character set. ... Windows Media Photo (WMPhoto), a part of the Windows Media family, is a high compression still image format for continuous tone photographic images, developed by Andrew Gordon of Microsoft. ... A raw image file contains minimally processed data from the image sensor of a digital camera or image scanner. ... Windows Explorer running on Windows Vista Windows Explorer running on Windows XP Windows Explorer is an application that is part of modern versions of the Microsoft Windows operating system that provides a graphical user interface for accessing the file systems. ... Windows Photo Gallery (WPG) is an application included with Microsofts Windows Vista operating system that provides photo management and basic editing facilities. ...


HD Photo (previously known as Windows Media Photo)[18] is a photographic still image file format, that is introduced with Windows Vista. It supports features such as high dynamic range imaging, lossy as well as lossless compression, up to 32-bpp fixed or floating point representation, transparency, RGB, CMYK and n-channel color spaces, Radiance RGBE, embedded ICC color profiles, multiple images per file and support for Exif and XMP metadata formats. It is the preferred image format for XPS documents. JPEG XR (formerly HD Photo (formerly Windows Media Photo) ) is a still image compression algorithm and file format for continuous tone photographic images, developed by Microsoft as a part of the Windows Media family. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Comparison of graphics file formats. ... An example of a rendering of a high dynamic range image into an 8-bit JPEG image (for display on a typical low dynamic-range computer screen). ... Original Image (lossless PNG, 60. ... Lossless data compression is a class of data compression algorithms that allow the original data to be reconstructed exactly from the compressed data. ... Color depth is a computer graphics term describing the number of bits used to represent the color of a single pixel in a bitmapped image or video frame buffer. ... This article is about a form of limited-precision arithmetic in computing. ... A floating-point number is a digital representation for a number in a certain subset of the rational numbers, and is often used to approximate an arbitrary real number on a computer. ... Transparency is possible in a number of graphics file formats. ... RGB redirects here. ... Cyan, magenta, yellow, and key (black). ... A comparison of different color spaces. ... Radiance is a suite of tools for performing lighting simulation originally written by Greg Ward. ... The International Color Consortium was formed in 1993 by eight industry vendors in order to create a universal color management system that would function transparently across all operating systems and software packages. ... Exchangeable image file format (official abbreviation Exif, not EXIF[1]) is a specification for the image file format used by digital cameras. ... The Extensible Metadata Platform or XMP is a specific type of extensible markup language used in PDF, photography and photo editing applications. ... Metadata is data about data. ... The XML Paper Specification (XPS), formerly codenamed Metro, is a specification for a page description language and a fixed-document format developed by Microsoft. ...


Color management

Main article: Windows Color System

Windows Vista features Windows Color System (WCS),[19] a platform for color management. Its goal is to obtain color consistency across various software and hardware, including cameras, monitors, printers and scanners. Different devices interpret the same colors differently, according to their software and hardware configurations. As a result, they must be properly calibrated to reproduce colors consistently across different devices. WCS aims to make this process of color calibration automatic and transparent, as an evolution of ICC Color Profiles. Screenshot of the Color Management control panel which is used to configure Windows Color System settings. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Windows Color System is based on a completely new Color Infrastructure and Translation Engine (CITE). It is backed up by a new color processing pipeline that supports bit-depths more than 32 bits per pixel, multiple color channels (more than 3), alternative color spaces and high dynamic range coloring, using a technology named Kyuanos[20] developed by Canon. The color processing pipeline allows device developers to add their own gamut mapping algorithm into the pipeline to customize the color response of the device. The new pipeline also uses floating point calculations to minimize round-off losses, which are inherent in integer processing. Once the color pipeline finishes processing the colors, the CITE engine applies a color transform according to a color profile, specific to a device to ensure the output color matches to what is expected. Canon Inc. ... In color reproduction, including computer graphics and photography, the gamut, or color gamut (pronounced ), is a certain complete subset of colors. ...


WCS features explicit support for LCD as well as CRT monitors, projectors, printers, and other imaging devices and provides customized support for each. WCS uses color profiles according to the CIE Color Appearance Model recommendation (CIECAM02), defined using XML, to define how the color representation actually translates to a visible color. ICC V4 color profiles are also supported. Windows Photo Gallery and Photo Viewer, Windows Imaging Component, the HD Photo format, XPS print path and XPS documents all support color management. The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a general-purpose markup language. ... The International Color Consortium was formed in 1993 by eight industry vendors in order to create a universal color management system that would function transparently across all operating systems and software packages. ... Windows Photo Gallery (WPG) is an application included with Microsofts Windows Vista operating system that provides photo management and basic editing facilities. ... The Windows Imaging Component (WIC) is a Component Object Model based imaging codec framework introduced in Windows Vista for working with and processing digital images and image metadata. ... JPEG XR (formerly HD Photo (formerly Windows Media Photo) ) is a still image compression algorithm and file format for continuous tone photographic images, developed by Microsoft as a part of the Windows Media family. ... The XML Paper Specification (XPS), formerly codenamed Metro, is a specification for a page description language and a fixed-document format developed by Microsoft. ...


Mobile computing

Some significant changes have been made to Windows Vista for mobile computing.


Power management

In Windows Vista, a Sleep power state replaces Standby mode and is active by default. When chosen, this new "Sleep" mode saves information from the computer's memory to the hibernation file on disk, but instead of turning off the computer, it simultaneously enters Standby mode. After the specified amount of time, it shuts down (hibernates). If power is lost during Standby mode, the system resumes from the existing hibernate image on disk. Sleep mode, thus, offers the benefits of fast suspend and resume when in Standby mode and relatively faster resuming and reliability when resuming from hibernation instead of a complete reboot, in case of power loss.


Also, in earlier Windows versions, drivers sometimes prevented Windows from entering or reliably resuming from a power-saving state. This problem has been solved in Windows Vista. Applications can disable sleep idle timers when needed such as when burning discs or recording media. Away mode, which is not a power plan by itself but a feature, automatically turns off displays, video rendering and sound but keeps the computer working when the user is away from the computer. Optionally, it can also switch to sleep mode. Advanced power settings can be configured using the Control Panel. Power settings are also configurable through Group Policy.


The battery icon in the notification area has been improved to let the user more easily select a "Power plan". "Presentation Settings", through the Transient Multimon Manager (TMM), allow saving of display preferences when an external display such as a projector or external monitor is connected. The setting can be restored when the same device is re-connected later. Presentation settings are available only on mobile computers.


Other mobility enhancements

Screenshot of the new Windows Mobility Center control panel.
  • Windows Mobility Center is a new control panel available only on mobile computers that centralizes relevant information and configuration. It is extensible so that hardware manufacturers can add further capabilities to control other features specific to their hardware.
  • Windows Mobile Device Center centralizes management of external mobile devices. It includes a basic RNDIS driver to make simple connections to mobile devices. For complete functionality including synchronization of tasks, calendar data, contacts, email etc. with Microsoft Office Outlook, a driver needs to be downloaded. [21] Synchronization with Windows Mail, Windows Calendar or Windows Contacts is not supported. Whenever a Windows Mobile device is connected, the Mobile Device Center pane pops up giving options to manage media and other files on the device, as well as control their settings.
  • A new Windows Portable Devices API has been introduced to communicate with attached media and all portable devices such as mobile phones, portable media players, PDAs etc.
  • Sync Center is a centralized location which provides an organized summary view of any sync partnership users have created for synchronizing data and files, such as mobile devices, network syncing (offline files), portable media devices and so on. While the earlier promised ability to automatically synchronize files among computers using peer-to-peer technology is not included,[22] a powertoy, SyncToy, is available that supports synchronizing local and network files.[23]
  • Windows SideShow is a new technology that lets Windows Vista drive a small external display that is built into the outside of a mobile PC's lid. The display can be updated with a number of different kinds of information, such as contacts, maps, calendar, and email. This can then be consulted while the mobile PC is otherwise powered down.[24]
  • All the features from Windows XP Tablet PC Edition have been included. Intrinsic support for handwriting and ink, via the Ink Analysis API.[25] A new control, the InkCanvas is made available by the API to add ink support to applications. Ink support can not only recognize handwriting and formatting, but also hand-drawn shapes are converted to vector-graphics, rendered as the shape that was intended to be drawn. Support for touchscreens is also included.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Windows Mobility Center is a component of Microsoft Windows,first introduced with Vista, that centralizes the most relevant information related to mobile computing. ... Windows Mobile Device Center 6 for Windows Vista is the successor for ActiveSync mobile synchronization software, that is only supported for Windows Vista, as ActiveSync is not compatible with this version of Windows. ... Microsoft Office Outlook is a personal information manager from Microsoft, and is part of the Microsoft Office suite. ... Windows Mail is an e-mail and newsgroup client included exclusively in Windows Vista. ... Windows Calendar is a calendar application that is included in Microsoft Windows Vista. ... Windows Contacts is a address book management system, which replaces Windows Address Book. ... A peer-to-peer (or P2P) computer network is a network that relies on the computing power and bandwidth of the participants in the network rather than concentrating it in a relatively few servers. ... SyncToy is a free PowerToy designed by Microsoft that provides an easy to use graphical user interface that can automate synchronizing files and folders. ... Windows SideShow is a new technology in Windows Vista that enables Windows PCs to drive a variety of auxiliary display devices connected to the main PC. These devices can be separate from or integrated into the main PC (e. ... A typical Windows XP desktop. ... Touchscreens are display overlays which have the ability to display and receive information on the same screen. ...

See also

The Windows logo used since November 2006. ... Windows Server 2008 is the name of the next server operating system from Microsoft. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ Nick White. 10 Things - Windows Explorer Has a New Preview Pane. Windows Shell Blog. Retrieved on 2007-07-15.
  2. ^ Windows Vista Help: Add tags or other properties to files
  3. ^ 'File in Use' Demystified
  4. ^ Microsoft. Windows Vista: The Features: User Experience. Microsoft.
  5. ^ Nick Kramer (April 18, 2006). USER & GDI Compat, part 5 -- Miscellaneous. Nick on Windows Presentation Foundation (Avalon). MSDN Blogs. Retrieved on 2006-09-09.
  6. ^ Windows Vista: Features Explained: Instant Search. Retrieved on 2007-03-16.
  7. ^ Five Great Features in Windows Vista RC1
  8. ^ Query Composition: Building a search upon another search. Retrieved on 2007-06-22.
  9. ^ Magnifier in Windows Vista
  10. ^ Understanding and Working in Protected Mode Internet Explorer. MSDN - Internet Explorer Development Technical Articles. Microsoft (January 2006). Retrieved on 2006-04-13.
  11. ^ Introducing Internet Explorer 7 (2006-05-26). Retrieved on 2006-11-30.
  12. ^ IE's Gzip and deflate support
  13. ^ IE already supports Gzip and deflate
  14. ^ Microsoft press release on HD DVD playback
  15. ^ Windows Vista and HD DVD Playback
  16. ^ Cross, Jason (February 28, 2006). Why Windows Vista Won't Suck. Extremetech.com. Retrieved on 2006-04-13.
  17. ^ Steve Lipner, Michael Howard (March, 2005). The Trustworthy Computing Security Development Lifecycle. Microsoft Developer Network. Retrieved on 2006-02-15.
  18. ^ HD Photo Specifications
  19. ^ Windows Color System
  20. ^ Windows Vista to use Canon software
  21. ^ Windows Mobile Device Center
  22. ^ Microsoft strips key features from Office 2007, Vista
  23. ^ http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/using/digitalphotography/prophoto/synctoy.mspx
  24. ^ Some pictures of an ASUS notebook computer with a SideShow display was published at notebookreview.com: Microsoft Windows Vista SideShow - In-Depth.
  25. ^ Windows Vista Mobile API

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