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Encyclopedia > Fear of a Black Planet
Fear of a Black Planet
Studio album by Public Enemy
Released March 20, 1990
Recorded Summer/Fall 1989 at Greene Street Recording in New York City; The Music Palace, West Hempstead and Spectrum City Studios in Long Island
Genre Hip hop
Length 63:21
Label Def Jam/Columbia Records
CK-45413
Producer The Bomb Squad
Professional reviews
Public Enemy chronology
It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back
(1988)
Fear of a Black Planet
(1990)
Apocalypse 91... The Enemy Strikes Black
(1991)

Fear of a Black Planet is the third full-length album by American hip hop group Public Enemy, released on March 20, 1990 on Def Jam Recordings. Cover of the Public Enemy album Fear of a Black Planet. ... A studio album is a collection of studio-recorded tracks by a recording artist. ... Public Enemy, also known as PE, is a hip hop group from Long Island, New York, known for their politically charged lyrics, criticism of the media, and active interest in the concerns of the African American community. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... West Hempstead is a suburban community (and census-designated place) in Nassau County, New York, United States. ... This article is about the island in New York State. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Def Jam Recordings, commonly referred to as Def Jam Records or just Def Jam is an United States based hip-hop record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as a part of The Island Def Jam Music Group. ... Columbia Records is the oldest brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888, and was the first record company to produce pre-recorded records as opposed to blank cylinders. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... The Bomb Squad is a hip hop production team whose original members were Carl Ridenhour (Chuck D), Hank Shocklee, Keith Shocklee and Eric Vietnam Sadler and Gary G-Wiz. ... The All Music Guide (AMG) is a metadata database about music, owned by All Media Guide. ... Image File history File links 5_stars. ... Robert Christgau (born April 18, 1942), is an American essayist, music journalist, and the self-declared Dean of American Rock Critics.[1] In print, his name is sometimes abbreviated as Xgau. ... This article is about the magazine. ... Image File history File links 4_stars. ... Steve Flash Juon is an American journalist and web master who writes about hip-hop music and culture. ... Image File history File links Stars10100. ... Public Enemy, also known as PE, is a hip hop group from Long Island, New York, known for their politically charged lyrics, criticism of the media, and active interest in the concerns of the African American community. ... It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back is the second full-length album by American hip hop group Public Enemy, released on April 19, 1988 (see 1988 in music) on Def Jam Recordings. ... Apocalypse 91. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Public Enemy, also known as PE, is a hip hop group from Long Island, New York, known for their politically charged lyrics, criticism of the media, and active interest in the concerns of the African American community. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... See also: 1990 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 1990 Record labels established in 1990 list of years in music // January 21 - MTVs Unplugged premieres on cable television with musical guest, Squeeze February 6 - Billy Idol is involved in a serious motorcycle accident, resulting in several broken bones. ... Def Jam Recordings, commonly referred to as Def Jam Records or just Def Jam is an United States based hip-hop record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as a part of The Island Def Jam Music Group. ...

Contents

Album information

The album's musical qualities were overshadowed by a controversy surrounding alleged anti-Semitic remarks by group member Professor Griff. After the controversy had been forgotten, however, the album's critical reception was generally very positive, with many commentators ranking it equal to or better than the previous album, It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back (1988). In particular, critics were favorable to The Bomb Squad's innovative and diverse production and Chuck D's songwriting. The Encyclopedia of Popular Music credits Fear of a Black Planet's atmosphere to the "bunker mentality" of "clashes with the press", and specifically cites "Fight the Power", which "bites harder than just about any other track in rap's history" (p. 1864). The Eternal Jew: 1937 German poster. ... Richard Professor Griff Griffin (born 1 August 1960) is an American rapper and is a member of the music group Public Enemy and head of the S1W. // A childhood friend of Chuck D, Richard Griffin was exposed to hip-hop as it came to the Long Island, New York town... It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back is the second full-length album by American hip hop group Public Enemy, released on April 19, 1988 (see 1988 in music) on Def Jam Recordings. ... The Bomb Squad is a hip hop production team whose original members were Carl Ridenhour (Chuck D), Hank Shocklee, Keith Shocklee and Eric Vietnam Sadler and Gary G-Wiz. ... In the music industry, record producer designates a person responsible for completing a master recording so that it is fit for release. ... Carlton Douglas Ridenhour (born August 1, 1960), better known by his stage name Chuck D, is an American rapper, composer, actor, author, radio personality and producer. ... A songwriter is someone who writes either the lyrics or the music for songs. ... For the Isley Brothers song, see Fight the Power, Pt. ...


Reception and influence

It was ranked 21 in Spin's "100 Greatest Albums, 1985-2005". In 1998, the album was selected as one of The Source Magazine's 100 Best Rap Albums.[1] In 2003, the album was ranked number 300 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. In 2004, Fear of a Black Planet was one of 50 recordings chosen that year by the Library of Congress to be added to the National Recording Registry. Spin is a music magazine that reports on all the music that rocks. Founded in 1985 by publisher Bob Guccione, Jr. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The Source is a United States-based, monthly full-color magazine covering hip-hop music, politics, and culture, founded in 1988. ... This article is about the magazine. ... Rolling Stones 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, Magazine Cover, November 2003. ... Construction of the Thomas Jefferson Building, from July 8, 1888 to May 15, 1894. ... The National Recording Registry is a list of sound recordings which are culturally, historically or aesthetically important, and/or inform or reflect life in the United States. ...


Professional reviews:

  • Rolling Stone (5/17/90) - 4 Stars - Excellent - "Public Enemy has never aimed for anything less than a comprehensive view of contemporary black America...Fear of a Black Planet complements this ambition with stunning maturity and sophistication."
  • Q (2/91) - 4 Stars - Excellent - Recommended by Q as one of the five best rap albums of 1990 and ranked as one of the Fifty Best Albums of 1990. - "...scalding attack on white supremacy." Q (9/95, p.132) - 5 Stars - "...achieved the near impossible by being every bit as good as its predecessor. The music was Public Enemy's now-familiar scream but was augmented with a percussive tinge that reflected the ever greater Afrocentricity."
  • Melody Maker (7/22/95, p.35) - Bloody Essential - "...slower, denser...funky. And it was a masterpiece....It's beyond perfect, built like a platinum beehive and stuffed with cordite--The Bomb Squad's last hands-on job for PE before they took on the task of...Ice Cube."
  • NME (7/15/95, p.47) - 10 (out of 10) - "...where do you go once you've made the greatest hip-hop album ever? Unbelievably, you consolidate that with an equally splendid follow-up....This time the sounds were softened slightly with flashes of `real' instrumentation but the content remained as astonishingly tough and intelligent as before."

This article is about the magazine. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Q is a music and entertainment magazinepublished monthly in the United Kingdom. ... Q is a music and entertainment magazinepublished monthly in the United Kingdom. ... Melody Maker, published in the United Kingdom, was (until its closure) the worlds oldest weekly music newspaper. ... For other uses, see NME (disambiguation). ...

Track listing

All tracks were written by Carl Ridenhour, Eric Sadler and Hank Shocklee, except where noted. The Bomb Squad is a hip hop production team whose original members were Carl Ryder (Chuck D), Hank Shocklee, Keith Shocklee and Eric Vietnam Sadler. ...

  1. "Contract on the World Love Jam" – 1:44
  2. "Brothers Gonna Work It Out" – 5:07
  3. "911 Is a Joke" (William Drayton, Sadler, Shocklee) – 3:17
  4. "Incident at 66.6 FM" – 1:37
  5. "Welcome to the Terrordome" – 5:25
  6. "Meet the G That Killed Me" – 0:44
  7. "Pollywanacraka" – 3:52
  8. "Anti-Nigger Machine" – 3:17
  9. "Burn Hollywood Burn"(Featuring Ice Cube And Big Daddy Kane) (Antiono Hardy, O'Shea Jackson, Ridenhour, Sadler, Shocklee) – 2:47
  10. "Power to the People" – 3:50
  11. "Who Stole the Soul?" – 3:49
  12. "Fear of a Black Planet" – 3:45
  13. "Revolutionary Generation" – 5:43
  14. "Can't Do Nuttin' for Ya Man" – 2:46
  15. "Reggie Jax" – 1:35
  16. "Leave This Off Your Fu*kin Charts" (Norman Rodgers) – 2:31
  17. "B Side Wins Again" – 3:45
  18. "War at 33.3" – 2:07
  19. "Final Count of the Collision Between Us and the Damned" – 0:48
  20. "Fight the Power" (Ridenhour, Sadler, Hank Shocklee, Keith Shocklee) – 4:42

William Jonathan Drayton, Jr. ... OShea Jackson (born June 15, 1969), better known by his stage name, Ice Cube, is an American rapper, actor and film director. ... Antonio Hardy (born September 10, 1968), better known by his stage name Big Daddy Kane, is a record producer/rapper from the Bed-Stuy section of Brooklyn, New York. ... Antonio Hardy (born September 10, 1968), better known by his stage name Big Daddy Kane, is a record producer/rapper from the Bed-Stuy section of Brooklyn, New York. ... OShea Jackson (born June 15, 1969), better known by his stage name, Ice Cube, is an American rapper, actor and film director. ... Terminator X (born Norman Rogers, 25 August 1966) is best known as the producer DJ of the rap group Public Enemy, which he left in 1999. ... For the Isley Brothers song, see Fight the Power, Pt. ... The Bomb Squad is a hip hop production team whose original members were Carl Ridenhour (Chuck D), Hank Shocklee, Keith Shocklee and Eric Vietnam Sadler and Gary G-Wiz. ...

Billboard music charts

Album

Year Chart Position
1990 Billboard 200 10
1990 Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums 3

The Billboard 200 is a ranking of the 200 highest-selling music albums and EPs in the United States, published weekly by Billboard magazine. ...

Singles

Year Single Chart Position
1989 "Fight the Power" Hot Rap Singles 1
1990 "911 Is a Joke" Hot Rap Singles 1
Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks 15
Hot Dance Music/Maxi-Singles Sales 26
Hot 100 (Sales) 34*
"Brothers Gonna Work it Out" Hot Rap Singles 22
Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks 20
Hot Dance Music/Club Play 31
Hot Dance Music/Maxi-Singles Sales 36
"Welcome to the Terrordome" Hot Rap Singles 3
Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks 15
Hot Dance Music/Club Play 49
Hot Dance Music/Maxi-Singles Sales 8
1991 "Can't Do Nuttin' for Ya Man" Hot Rap Singles 11
* First Sales Only Hot 100 single

Personnel

  • Chuck Drapper
  • Flavor Flav – rapper
  • Professor Griff – rapper
  • Big Daddy Kane – rapper
  • Ice Cube – rapper
  • Chris Champion – assistant engineer
  • Paul Eulin – engineer, mixing
  • Rod Hui – engineer, mixing
  • Steve Loeb – engineer
  • Branford Marsalissaxophone
  • Carl Ryder – arranger, director, producer, sequencing
  • Nick Sansano – engineer, mixing
  • Keith Shocklee – arranger, director, producer, sequencing
  • Paul Shabazz – programming
  • Christopher Shaw – engineer, mixing
  • Hank Shocklee – arranger, director, producer, sequencing
  • Howie Weinberg – mastering
  • Kirk Yano – engineer
  • Eric "Vietnam" Sadler – arranger, director, programming, producer, sequencing
  • Mike Bona – engineer, mixing
  • Norman Rogers – scratching
  • Jules Allen – photography
  • Dave Patillo – assistant engineer
  • Dan Wood – engineer, mixing
  • Tom Conway – assistant engineer

Carlton Douglas Ridenhour (born August 1, 1960), better known by his stage name Chuck D, is an American rapper, composer, actor, author, radio personality and producer. ... Rapping is one of the elements of hip hop and the distinguishing feature of hip hop music; it is a form of rhyming lyrics spoken rhythmically over musical instruments, with a musical backdrop of sampling, scratching and mixing by DJs. ... William Jonathan Drayton, Jr. ... Richard Professor Griff Griffin (born 1 August 1960) is an American rapper and is a member of the music group Public Enemy and head of the S1W. // A childhood friend of Chuck D, Richard Griffin was exposed to hip-hop as it came to the Long Island, New York town... Antonio Hardy (born September 10, 1968), better known by his stage name Big Daddy Kane, is a record producer/rapper from the Bed-Stuy section of Brooklyn, New York. ... OShea Jackson (born June 15, 1969), better known by his stage name, Ice Cube, is an American rapper, actor and film director. ... Branford Marsalis. ... The saxophone (colloquially referred to as sax) is a conical-bored musical instrument usually considered a member of the woodwind family. ... Nick Sansano is an American record producer, engineer, and musician. ...

Partial list of samples

The following lists some of the songs and sounds sampled on Fear of a Black Planet.

"Contract on the World Love Jam" (instrumental)
"Brothers Gonna Work It Out"
"911 Is a Joke"
"Welcome to the Terrordome"
"Pollywanacraka"
"Anti-Nigger Machine"
"Burn Hollywood Burn"
  • "Hot Wheels (The Chase)" by Badder Than Evil
  • "Give It Up or Turnit A Loose (Remix)" by James Brown
"Power to the People"
  • "Gimme Some More" by The JB's
  • "Turn Me Loose" by Sly & the Family Stone
"Who Stole the Soul?"
"Fear of a Black Planet"
  • "Holy Gost" by The Bar-Kays
  • "Flyte Time" by The Blackbyrds
  • "Spirit of the Boogie" by Kool and the Gang
  • "Different Strokes" by Syl Johnson
  • "Underdog" by Sly & the Family Stone
"Revolutionary Generation"
"Can't Do Nuttin' For Ya Man"
  • "Hot Pants... I'm Coming, I'm Coming, I'm Coming" by Bobby Byrd
  • "If You Don't Get It Right, Back Up and Try It Again, Party" by The JB's
"Leave This Off Your Fuckin' Charts"
"B Side Wins Again"
"Fight the Power"

I Got You (I Feel Good) (commonly known as I Feel Good) is a hit song by James Brown. ... For other persons named James Brown, see James Brown (disambiguation). ... This article is about the band. ... Bob James (born December 25, 1939 in Marshall, Missouri) is a two-time Grammy Award-winning smooth jazz keyboardist, arranger and producer. ... Kid Dynamite, arguabily the best band of all recorded history, was a Philadelphia-based melodic hardcore band consisting of drummer Dave Wagenschutz, guitarist Dan Yemin, and vocalist Jay Shevchuk, as well as original bassist Steve Farrell and eventual replacement Michael Spider Cotterman. ... The Meters were a band that performed and recorded from the late 1960s until 1977. ... Prince (UK) singles chronology I Would Die 4 U (1984) Lets Go Crazy/Take Me with U (1985) Paisley Park (1985) Purple Rain track listing Lets Go Crazy (1) Take Me With U (2) Lets Go Crazy is a 1984 song by Prince and the Revolution. ... The Artist redirects here. ... Atomic Dog is a song performed by George Clinton on his album Computer Games The songs concept is about a party fever which makes you wild like a dog. ... For other persons named George Clinton, see George Clinton (disambiguation). ... Buffalo Girls is a novel written by American author Larry McMurtry. ... Malcolm McLaren (born Malcolm Robert Andrew Edwards, 22 January 1946, in London) is an English impresario and musician who is best known as being the manager of the punk rock band Sex Pistols. ... Sing a Simple Song is a 1968 song by the soul/rock/funk band Sly & the Family Stone, the b-side to their #1 hit Everyday People. The songs lyrics, sung in turn by Sly Stone, Freddie Stone, Rose Stone, and Larry Graham, with spoken word (or, rather, shouted... Sly & the Family Stone was an American rock band from San Francisco, California. ... Roy Ayers (born September 10, 1940, Los Angeles) is a funk, soul and jazz vibraphone player. ... Grand Wizard Theodore (right). ... Public Enemy, also known as PE, is a hip hop group from Long Island, New York, known for their politically charged lyrics, criticism of the media, and active interest in the concerns of the African American community. ... This article is about the emergency telephone number. ... Flash Light is a song by funk band Parliament, released in 1977 on the album Funkentelechy Vs. ... Parliament was originally The Parliaments, a doo-wop group based out of George Clintons Plainfield, New Jersey barber shop. ... This article is about the Thriller song. ... Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958), commonly known as MJ as well as the King of Pop, is an American musician, entertainer, and pop icon whose successful career and controversial personal life have been a part of pop culture for the last three decades. ... For other uses, see Eddie Murphy (disambiguation). ... Robin Hughes Harris (August 30, 1953 - March 18, 1990) was an African-American comedian and actor, best known for his recurring comic sketch about Bébés Kids. In the sketch, Harris girlfriend would insist that he take her best friend Bébés three ill-behaved children with them... Kurtis Blow (born Curtis Walker, 9 August 1959, Harlem, New York) is one of the first commercially successful rappers and the first to sign with a major label. ... T.S. Monk (Born in 1949 as Thelonious Sphere Monk, Jr) is a jazz drummer, composer and bandleader. ... Jungle Boogie is a funk song released in 1973 by Kool and the Gang on their album Wild and Peaceful. ... Kool & the Gang is a highly successful American jazz/R&B/soul/funk/disco group. ... Psychedelic Shack, released December 28, 1969, is the name of a 1970 hit single for the Motown label performed by The Temptations and produced by Norman Whitfield. ... “Temptations” redirects here. ... Instant Funk were a 1970s disco band, best known for their disco classic Ive Got My Mind Made Up. Instant Funk came out of New Jersey consisting of Raymond Earl, Scotty Miller and guitarist Kim Miller. ... For the 1970 film starring Charles Bronson see Cold Sweat (1970 film) Cold Sweat is a song performed by James Brown and written by his bandleader Alfred Pee Wee Ellis. ... The cover to the Jackson 5s first LP, Diana Ross Presents the Jackson 5, released on Motown Records in 1969. ... Atomic Dog is a song performed by George Clinton on his album Computer Games The songs concept is about a party fever which makes you wild like a dog. ... Syl Johnson (b Sylvester Thompson, 1 July 1936, Holly Springs, Mississippi) is an American blues and soul singer. ... The Average White Band (also AWB) is a Scottish funk and R&B band. ... Leon Haywood (born 11 February 1942, Houston, Texas) is an American funk and soul singer, best known for his song I Want a Do Something Freaky To You. The song was sampled on two of Dr. Dres singles, Nuthin But a G Thang and The Wash. The song was... Think (About It) is a funk song recorded by Lyn Collins and released as a single on James Browns People Records in 1972. ... Lyn Collins (12th June 1948 - 13th March 2005) was a soul / R&B singer best known for working with James Brown in the 1970s. ... Jungle Boogie is a funk song released in 1973 by Kool and the Gang on their album Wild and Peaceful. ... Zapp (also known as the Zapp Band) was a soul and funk band formed in 1978 by brothers Roger Troutman , Larry Troutman, Lester Troutman, and Terry Troutman, and also included Bobby Glover, Eddie Barber, Jannetta Boyce, Jerome Derrickson, Sherman Fleetwood, Gregory Jackson, and Michael Warren. ... Fab Five Freddy, born Fred Braithwaite, is a rapper whose name appeared in the mainstream through a namecheck in Blondies single Rapture and his appearance in the video for that single. ... Dyke & the Blazers were an American funk band. ... Boogie Down Productions (1989) Boogie Down Productions was originally composed of KRS One, D Nice, and DJ Scott La Rock. ... Rufus 1990 album for Alligator Records, That Woman Is Poison! Rufus Thomas (March 26, 1917 – December 15, 2001) was a rhythm and blues and soul singer from Memphis, Tennessee, who recorded on Sun Records in the 1950s and on Stax Records in the 1960s and 1970s. ... Reissue album cover showing The Supremes in 1966. ... Black Steel in the Hour of Chaos is a song by the American political rap group Public Enemy from their 1988 sophomore album, It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back. ... Schoolly D (born Jesse B. Weaver) is one of Philadelphias hip hop pioneers. ... The most renowned of James Browns many backing bands (previously, the Famous Flames and the James Brown Band), the J.B.s provided musical support for the legendary singer and bandleader for the first half of the 70s. ... Getting Better is a song written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney based on an original idea by McCartney. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... Think (About It) is a funk song recorded by Lyn Collins and released as a single on James Browns People Records in 1972. ... Stand! is a 1969 song by the soul/rock/funk band Sly & the Family Stone. ... Bring the Noise is a single revisited by the thrash metal band Anthrax and Public Enemy (originally written and performed by Public Enemy in 1988 on the album It Takes A Nation Of Millions To Hold Us Back ,released in July of 1991. ... Chuck Brown is an African-American jazz guitarist. ... The Bar-Kays were a popular Memphis, Tennessee, soul, R&B, and funk group performing from 1966 and continue to perform today, although with only one original member. ... The Blackbyrds were a 1970s rhythm & blues and jazz-funk fusion group, formed in Washington, D.C.. The group was led by trumpeter Donald Byrd and featured some of his Howard University students: Kevin Toney (keyboards), Keith Killgo (vocals, drums), Joe Hall (bass), Orville Saunders (guitar), and Jay Jones (flute... The famous Baby Huey Baby Huey, a gigantic and naïve infant duckling cartoon character, was a creation of Paramount Pictures Famous Studios in the early 1950s. ... The Brothers Johnson is a band consisting of the musicians George Johnson (Lightnin Licks) and Louis Johnson (Thunder Thumbs). After touring with various artists like Bobby Womack and Billy Preston, Quincy Jones hired them for a tour in Japan and produced their debut LP Look out for Number 1, released... Pass the Dutchie was a UK number one single for three weeks in September 1982 for Musical Youth from the album The Youth of Today. It was a cover version of the song Pass the Kouchie by The Mighty Diamonds, written by Leroy Sibbles and Jackie Mittoo. ... Musical Youth formed in 1979 at Duddeston Manor School, Birmingham, England. ... Doug DeFranco and Steve Stein were Hip-Hop producers who achieved notoriety in the early 1980s for a series of sample-based collages known as the Lessons, which are still well-regarded today as early underground Hip-Hop classics. ... The Soul Children was an American soul music group. ... Joseph Biggie Grand Saddler (born January 1, 1958 in Bridgetown, Barbados), better known as Grandmaster Flash, is a American hip hop musician and DJ; one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ... Kool & the Gang is a highly successful American jazz/R&B/soul/funk/disco group. ... Run-DMC is a famous hip hop crew founded by Jason Mizell (Jam Master Jay) and includes Joseph Run Simmons and Darryl DMC McDaniels, all from Hollis, Queens. ... For the Isley Brothers song, see Fight the Power, Pt. ... Uriah Heep are an English rock band, formed in December 1969 when record producer Gerry Bron invited keyboardist Ken Hensley (previously a member of The Gods and Toe Fat) to join Spice, a band signed to his own Bronze Records label. ... Trouble Funk was an influential and successful R&B band from Washington DC. They helped to popularise the Washington, D.C. funk subgenre go-go. ... Eric Patrick Clapton, CBE[2] (born 30 March 1945) [3], nicknamed Slowhand, is a Grammy Award-winning English rock guitarist, singer, songwriter and composer. ... Funky President (People Its Bad) (commonly known as just Funky President) is a funk song by James Brown. ... Guy is a popular 1980s and 1990s hip-hop, R&B and soul band that was one of the early pioneers of hip-hop/R&B music and which set a trend in the late 1980s and early 1990s in a movement called the New Jack Swing. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Afrika Bambaataa is a DJ and community leader from the South Bronx, who was instrumental in the early development of hip hop throughout the 1970s. ... For the Eric B. & Rakim song see I Know You Got Soul (song) I Know You Got Soul is a song recorded by Bobby Byrd with James Browns band The J.B.s. ... Bobby Byrd (August 15, 1934, Toccoa, Georgia – September 12, 2007, Loganville, Georgia) was an African American funk/soul/R&B/gospel musician and songwriter, best known as James Browns longtime sideman and co-vocalist on songs such as Licking Stick - Licking Stick, Get Up (I Feel Like Being A... The Dramatics was a soul music vocal group, formed in the late 1960s. ...

References

  • The Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Edited by Colin Larkin. 1992. London. Muze UK Ltd. ISBN 0-333-74134-X
  • Librarian of Congress Names 50 Recordings to the 2004 National Recording Registry

Notes

  1. ^ 100 Best Rap Albums. The Source #100 (January, 1998). Retrieved on 2007-11-10.
The Source is a United States-based, monthly full-color magazine covering hip-hop music, politics, and culture, founded in 1988. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Public Enemy, also known as PE, is a hip hop group from Long Island, New York, known for their politically charged lyrics, criticism of the media, and active interest in the concerns of the African American community. ... Carlton Douglas Ridenhour (born August 1, 1960), better known by his stage name Chuck D, is an American rapper, composer, actor, author, radio personality and producer. ... William Jonathan Drayton, Jr. ... Richard Professor Griff Griffin (born 1 August 1960) is an American rapper and is a member of the music group Public Enemy and head of the S1W. // A childhood friend of Chuck D, Richard Griffin was exposed to hip-hop as it came to the Long Island, New York town... Terminator X (born Norman Rogers, 25 August 1966) is best known as the producer DJ of the rap group Public Enemy, which he left in 1999. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Yo! Bum Rush The Show is a 1987 album by Public Enemy. ... It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back is the second full-length album by American hip hop group Public Enemy, released on April 19, 1988 (see 1988 in music) on Def Jam Recordings. ... Muse Sick-n-Hour Mess Age is an album by Public Enemy, released August 23, 1994. ... Theres a Poison Goin On is Public Enemys 1999 album, which contained the controversial track Swindlers Lust, an obvious parody of Steven Spielbergs film Schindlers List. ... Revolverlution is a rap album by Public Enemy. ... New Whirl Odor is the new Public Enemy album. ... Rebirth of a Nation is an album by Public Enemy, namechecking the 1915 movie The Birth of a Nation, and released on March 7, 2006. ... How You Sell Soul To A Soulless People Who Sold Their Soul? Released on August 7th, 2007, is Public Enemys 10th full length album and marks their 20th Anniversary. ... Greatest Misses is Public Enemys first compilation album released in 1992. ... He Got Game is an album by Public Enemy and the soundtrack to the Spike Lee film He Got Game. ... This is a discography for the hip-hop group Public Enemy. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fear of a Black Planet (1086 words)
Fear of a Black Planet single-handedly added half a dozen phrases to the language, and not just from Chuck D.'s troop-rallying bellow--Flavor Flav's "911 Is a Joke" is as catchy an indictment of urban policy as anyone has ever come up with.
Fear of a Black Planet transcends what we know as rap and goes down as just a great piece of work in any genre.
Welcome to the Terrordome and the title-track, Fear of a Black Planet are both classic PE tracks, and War at 33 1/3 sounds about as urgent as a timebomb.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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