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Encyclopedia > Fear and loathing in Las Vegas
The hard cover version of the book. In this and several other modern printings of the book, the cover photo is taken directly from an original poster designed for the 1998 film adaptation.
The hard cover version of the book. In this and several other modern printings of the book, the cover photo is taken directly from an original poster designed for the 1998 film adaptation.

Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage Journey to the Heart of the American Dream is a novel by Hunter S. Thompson, illustrated by Ralph Steadman. The story follows its protagonist, Raoul Duke, and his attorney, Dr. Gonzo, as they descend on Las Vegas to chase the American Dream through a drug-induced haze. The novel first appeared as a two-part series in Rolling Stone magazine in 1971. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Daniel Defoes Robinson Crusoe; title page of 1719 newspaper edition A novel (from French nouvelle Italian novella, new) is an extended fictional narrative in prose. ... Hunter Stockton Thompson (July 18, 1937 – February 20, 2005) was an American journalist and author. ... Ralph Steadman (born May 15, 1936) is a British cartoonist and caricaturist. ... Raoul Duke was the pseudonym used by Hunter S. Thompson for the character based on him in his book Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas. ... Dr. Gonzo is a name invented by Hunter S. Thompson, as a nickname for himself (although in Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, it became the pseudonym for Oscar Zeta Acosta); hence, the phrase gonzo journalism. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Entertainment Capital of the World Location Location of Las Vegas in Nevada Coordinates , Government County Clark Mayor Oscar B. Goodman Geographical characteristics Area     City 113. ... Historical American flags in Washington, DC: the Betsy Ross flag hangs on both ends and the classic Old Glory is to each side of the current 50 state version. ... // History John Lennon - RS 1 (November 9, 1967)How I Won the War Film Still Founded in San Francisco in 1967 by Jann Wenner (who is still editor and publisher) and music critic Ralph J. Gleason, Rolling Stone was initially identified with and reported on the hippie counterculture of the... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ...

Contents


Plot

Journalist Raoul Duke and attorney Dr. Gonzo travel from Los Angeles, California to Las Vegas, Nevada in 1971 to cover a motorcycle race for a sports magazine and enjoy a haphazardly planned vacation. The vacation turns highly irresponsible and reckless as the two consume copious amounts of illegal drugs, commit various acts of fraud, and generally reap mayhem upon the citizens of Las Vegas. This article is about the largest city in California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ...


Set in Las Vegas, a symbol of American consumer and tourist culture, during the height of the Vietnam War and the closing of the 1960’s counter-cultural movement, Duke and Gonzo find themselves as outsiders in a unique position to analyze the present state of America and chase down the “American Dream”. Combatants Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) United States of America South Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand the Philippines Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) Strength ~1,200,000 (1968) ~420,000 (1968) Casualties South Vietnamese dead: 230,000 South Vietnamese wounded: 300,000 US dead... The 1960s, or The Sixties, in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1960 and 1969, but the expression has taken on a wider meaning over the past twenty years. ... Historical American flags in Washington, DC: the Betsy Ross flag hangs on both ends and the classic Old Glory is to each side of the current 50 state version. ...


Origins

The book is largely a fictionalized account of Thompson and attorney Oscar Zeta Acosta's actual trip to Las Vegas around the same time period. In real life, Thompson was to cover the Mint 400 motocross race for Sports Illustrated magazine in 1971, for which he was contracted to write photo captions. While en route, coincidentally, he was also commissioned to cover a law enforcement convention for Rolling Stone magazine. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The Mint 400 was an annual desert off road race for both motorcycles and four wheel vehicles [buggies, cars and trucks] sponsored by Del Webbs Mint Hotel and Casino. ... A rider cornering during a motocross race in Australia Motocross is a form of motorcycle racing or all-terrain vehicle racing held on enclosed off-road circuits and is widely considered the worlds most popular form of motorcycle racing. ... The first issue of Sports Illustrated, August 16, 1954, showing Milwaukee Braves star Eddie Matthews at bat in Milwaukee County Stadium. ... A collection of magazines A magazine is a periodical publication containing a variety of articles, generally financed by advertising and/or purchase by readers. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ...


Before being asked to cover the race, Thompson was in Los Angeles, reporting on the murder of Reuben Salazar and the race riots that resulted from his death. Acosta was a prominent figure in the Chicano community and therefore a natural source for Thompson's story. Finding it difficult for a Hispanic to talk openly to a white reporter in L.A.'s tense atmosphere, Thompson and Acosta decided that Las Vegas would be a more comfortable place to complete the story (later published as Strange Rumblings in Aztlan). This article is about the largest city in California. ... Ruben Salazar was an American journalist. ... A race riot or racial riot is an outbreak of violent civil unrest in which race is a key factor. ... Strange Rumblings in Aztlan is an article published in Rolling Stone #81, dated April 29, 1971 and written by Hunter S. Thompson. ...


What was intended as a 250-word photo-captioning job/road trip snowballed into a novel-length feature for Rolling Stone magazine in November 1971. The text was eventually published as Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas. The novel was heralded as the "best book on the dope decade" by the New York Times and a "scorching epochal sensation" by author Tom Wolfe. // History John Lennon - RS 1 (November 9, 1967)How I Won the War Film Still Founded in San Francisco in 1967 by Jann Wenner (who is still editor and publisher) and music critic Ralph J. Gleason, Rolling Stone was initially identified with and reported on the hippie counterculture of the... Look up November in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


In the book The Great Shark Hunt, Thompson refers to Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas as "a failed experiment in gonzo journalism," a guerrilla style of reporting that Thompson championed and publicized throughout his career. Allegedly based on William Faulkner's idea that "the best fiction is far more true than any kind of journalism — and the best journalists know this," it blends storytelling, fiction, and traditional journalism. The Great Shark Hunt is a book written by Hunter S. Thompson. ... Gonzo journalism is a style of journalistic reporting. ... William Cuthbert Faulkner (September 25, 1897 – July 6, 1962) was a Nobel Prize-winning novelist from Mississippi. ...


Themes

The book was an attempt to place the radical activism and drug culture of the 1960s into the context of the (then) present-day mainstream American experience. It explores the idea that 1971 was a turning point in hippie and drug culture in America, the year that the innocence and optimism of the late 1960s turned to cynicism. The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... A singer dresses in a stereotypical hippie outfit. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ...


Throughout the novel, the main characters go out of their way to degrade, abuse, and destroy symbols of American consumerism and excess. Much of Las Vegas is used to symbolize the ugliness of mainstream American culture, to which the characters give little respect. In the DVD commentary of his film version of the novel (See Below), Director Terry Gilliam characterizes these actions as a theme of anarchism. Terry Gilliam at Cannes 2001. ... This article is becoming very long. ...


Some have suggested that the book's themes resemble those of The Great Gatsby, which deals with the state of the American Dream and the lives of the rich and careless. Others have surmised that the white Cadillac the pair drive (referred to as the "White Whale" in the book) is an allusion to the white whale in Moby Dick, symbolically representative of good and evil and a metaphor for elements of life that are out of people's control. It has been suggested that Oggsford be merged into this article or section. ... Cadillac is a brand of luxury automobile, part of the General Motors Corporation, produced and mostly sold in the United States and Canada; outside of North America, they have been less successful. ... Moby-Dick book cover Moby-Dick — the hyphen in the title is present in the original edition — is a novel by Herman Melville. ... In language, a metaphor (from the Greek: metapherin) is a rhetorical trope defined as a direct comparison between two or more seemingly unrelated subjects. ...


The "wave speech"

The "wave speech" is an important passage that takes place near the end of the book, after much of the chaos has subsided. Thompson considered the "wave speech" to be "probably the finest thing I've ever written." The wave speech describes 1971 as a turning point in the hippie sub-culture. "There was no point in fighting -- on our side or theirs. We had all the momentum; we were riding the crest of a high and beautiful wave. So now, less than five years later, you can go up on a steep hill in Las Vegas and look West, and with the right kind of eyes you can almost see the high-water mark -- the place where the wave finally broke and rolled back."


Film version (1998)

It has been suggested that this section be split into a new article entitled Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (film). (Discuss)
Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas

DVD cover
Directed by Terry Gilliam
Produced by Patrick Cassavetti
Written by Terry Gilliam
Tony Grisoni
Alex Cox
Tod Davies
Hunter S. Thompson
Starring Johnny Depp
Benicio del Toro
Christina Ricci
Music by Ray Cooper
Distributed by Universal
Release date May 22, 1998
Running time 118 min
Language English
Budget $18,500,000
IMDb profile

The film version was directed by Terry Gilliam and starred Johnny Depp as Raoul Duke and Benicio Del Toro as Dr. Gonzo. Released on May 22, 1998, it only earned about US$10.5 million at U.S. box offices (it was budgeted at approximately US$18.5 million) but has since become a cult classic. Image File history File links Splitsection. ... Image File history File links Fear_and_Loathing_in_Las_Vegas_(DVD_cover). ... Terry Gilliam at Cannes 2001. ... Terry Gilliam at Cannes 2001. ... Alexander Morton Cox (b. ... Tod Davies (born 1955, San Francisco) is a screenwriter and producer. ... Hunter Stockton Thompson (July 18, 1937 – February 20, 2005) was an American journalist and author. ... Johnny Depp (born John Christopher Depp II, June 9, 1963) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor. ... Benicio Monserrat Rafael Del Toro Sanchez (born February 19, 1967) is an Academy Award winning actor. ... Ricci in Pumpkin, 2002 Christina Ricci (born February 12, 1980) is an American actress. ... Ray Cooper Ray Cooper (born August 19, 1942 in Watford, Hertfordshire) is an English musician. ... The current Universal Studios logo Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal, is a Big Ten movie studio that has production studios and offices located at 100 Universal City Plaza Drive in Universal City, California, an unincorporated area of Los Angeles County between Los Angeles and Burbank. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Terry Gilliam at Cannes 2001. ... Johnny Depp (born John Christopher Depp II, June 9, 1963) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor. ... Benicio Monserrat Rafael Del Toro Sanchez (born February 19, 1967) is an Academy Award winning actor. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... This article needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ...

A still from the Fear and Loathing movie

The lead actors undertook extraordinary preparations for their respective roles. Del Toro gained more than 40 pounds (18 kg) before filming began, and extensively researched Acosta's life. Depp lived with Thompson for months, doing research for the role as well as studying Thompson's habits and mannerisms. Depp even traded his car for Thompson's red Chevrolet Caprice convertible, known to fans as the Great Red Shark, and drove it around California during his preparation for the role. Many of the costumes that Depp wears in the film are actually reproductions of genuine pieces that Depp borrowed from Thompson, and Thompson himself shaved Depp's head to match his own natural male pattern baldness. Thompson also had a brief cameo in the film as his character, portrayed by Depp, has a flashback to a San Francisco music club, The Matrix, where Thompson can be seen sitting at a table as Depp walks by narrating his inner monologue, "There I was ... Mother of God! There I am!". File links The following pages link to this file: Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas ... File links The following pages link to this file: Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas ... Mannerism is the term used to describe the artistic style that arose in mid-16th century. ... Yarkand ladies summer fashions. ... Baldness (formally alopecia) is the state of lacking hair where it usually would grow, especially on the head. ...


Both actors were cast by the film's original director, Alex Cox, who wrote the original screenplay with his longtime collaborator, Tod Davies. When Gilliam became director of the project, he rejected the Cox/Davies screenplay. Thompson himself disliked it and did not approve of Cox's approach to the movie. Gilliam then decided to attempt his own screenplay with collaborator Tony Grisoni. When the film approached release, Gilliam learned that the Writers Guild of America (WGA) would not allow Alex Cox's and Tod Davies' names to be removed from the credits even though none of their material was used in the production of the film. Angered over having to share credit, Gilliam left the WGA and, on certain early premiere prints of the film, made a short introductory sequence in which an anonymous presenter assures the audience that no screenwriters were involved in writing the film, despite what it says in the credits. Alexander Morton Cox (b. ... Tod Davies (born 1955, San Francisco) is a screenwriter and producer. ... The Writers Guild of America (WGA) is the collective bargaining representative, or labor union, for writers in the motion picture and television industries in the United States. ...


Thompson's disapproval of the Cox/Davies script treatment is documented in the film Breakfast with Hunter, wherein he rails against the writers for planning an animated portrayal of the "wave speech" in the original book, which he considered "probably the finest thing I've ever written." By the time Fear and Loathing was released as a Criterion Collection DVD in 2003, Thompson showed his approval of the Gilliam version by recording a full-length audio commentary for the movie as well as participating in several DVD special features. Breakfast with Hunter:documentary about the everyday life of gonzo-writer Hunter S. Thompson by Wayne Ewing. ... The hard cover version of the book. ... The Criterion Collection is a joint venture between Janus Films and The Voyager Company that was begun in the mid 1980s for the purpose of releasing authoritative consumer versions of classic and important contemporary films on the laserdisc and DVD formats. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is an optical disc storage media format that can be used for data storage, including movies with high video and sound quality. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Benicio Del Toro and Johnny Depp in the film adaption of Hunter S. Thompson's book Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas
Benicio Del Toro and Johnny Depp in the film adaption of Hunter S. Thompson's book Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas

The 1980 film Where the Buffalo Roam was based on several Thompson pieces including Fear and Loathing. The movie, though not a strict adaptation of the book, was directed by Art Linson from a screenplay by John Kaye and starred Bill Murray as Thompson and Peter Boyle as Acosta, renamed "Carl Lazlo" for the screen. Download high resolution version (900x600, 63 KB)Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas This is a screenshot of a copyrighted movie or television program. ... Download high resolution version (900x600, 63 KB)Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas This is a screenshot of a copyrighted movie or television program. ... Benicio Monserrat Rafael Del Toro Sanchez (born February 19, 1967) is an Academy Award winning actor. ... Johnny Depp (born John Christopher Depp II, June 9, 1963) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor. ... Hunter Stockton Thompson (July 18, 1937 – February 20, 2005) was an American journalist and author. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Movie poster Where the Buffalo Roam is the title of a film from 1980. ... Bill Murray See also William Murray (disambiguation). ... Peter Boyle Peter Boyle (born October 18, 1935, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is an American actor. ...


Trivia

  • An image of Johnny Depp as Raoul is shown on the 1,000th issue of Rolling Stone Magazine.
  • A song, titled "Bat Country", by Avenged Sevenfold, was inspired by this movie.
  • An episode of G4's X-Play parodied the movie as hosts Adam Sessler (dressed as Raoul) and Morgan Webb traveled to find missing cartidges of the E.T. video game.

We cant stop here. ... Avenged Sevenfold, sometimes abbreviated to A7X, Avenged or 7fold, is a band from Huntington Beach, California, consisting of members M. Shadows, Zacky Vengeance, Synyster Gates, Johnny Christ, and The Rev. ... G4 is a United States cable and satellite television channel originally geared toward male viewers aged 12–34 and devoted to the world of video games and the video game lifestyle. ... X-Play logo X-Play (previously Gamespot TV and Extended Play) is a video game review television show hosted by Adam Sessler and Morgan Webb. ... Adam Sessler Adam Sessler (born August 29, 1973) is co-host and senior segment producer of the G4 (formerly TechTV) television program X-Play (formerly Gamespot TV and Extended Play) with Morgan Webb. ... Morgan Webb : Co-host for G4s X-Play Morgan Ailis Webb (born October 5, 1978 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada) is co-host and senior segment producer of the G4 (formerly G4TechTV) television program X-Play with Adam Sessler, the Gaming Goddess of FHM, where she contributes a monthly video... Screenshot from E.T. was a video game created in 1983 for the Atari 2600 video game system, based on the 1982 movie E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial; it is one of the biggest commercial failures in computer and video gaming, and because of its poor sales, gameplay and graphics...

ISBNs

Paperback may refer to a kind of book binding by which papers are simply folded without cloth or leather and bound - usually with glue rather than stitches or staples - into a thick paper cover; or to a book with this type of binding. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:


Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo-en. ... Wikiquote logo Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about actors, films, television shows, television stars, video games and production crew personnel. ...

Films Directed by Terry Gilliam
Monty Python and the Holy Grail | Jabberwocky | Time Bandits | The Crimson Permanent Assurance | Brazil | The Adventures of Baron Munchausen | The Fisher King | Twelve Monkeys | Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas | The Man Who Killed Don Quixote | The Brothers Grimm | Tideland

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (1998) (925 words)
IMDb > Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (1998)
During the scene in which Duke is tripping on adrenochrome, he mutters, "La llama es un quadrupedo." This is a quote from a sketch in "Monty Python's Flying Circus" (1969).
Hunter S. Thompson's Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas is a psychedelic comedy, but also an astute piece of literature-cum-political science on a period in American history that was just really strange, thus reflected by its creator.
Fear And Loathing In Las Vegas (1063 words)
Within minutes, it is clear that “Fear And Loathing In Las Vegas” is one of the most radical, subversive, and traumatic films ever made about two hippies who missed the jump off the flower power train.
Their main objective in Las Vegas is to cover the events of the “Mint 400”, a local off-road motorcycle race in the desert, but the tour quickly turns into a series of manic horror trips when both of them have bad trips and
Unlike other films depicting the era, “Fear And Loathing In Las Vegas” is still very psychedelic, but never to the point that it turns into endless orgiastic, flashy, unwatchable kaleidoscopes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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