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Encyclopedia > Fawzia Shirin
Fawzia bint Fuad
Empress of Iran
Titles Mrs Ismail Hussain Shirin Bey (1949-)
HRH Princess Fawzia of Egypt (1949-1949)
HI&RH Princess Fawzia of Iran and Egypt (1948-1949)
HIM Queen Fawzia of Iran (1941-1948)
HI&RH The Crown Princess of Iran (1939-1941)
HRH Princess Fawzia of Egypt (1922-1939)
HSH Princess Fawzia of Egypt (1921-1922)
Born November 5, 1921 (1921-11-05) (age 85)
Ras Al-Teen Palace, Alexandria, Egypt
Consort September 16, 1941 - November 17, 1948
Consort to Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Issue Shahnaz Pahlavi, Nadia Shirin, Muhammed Shirin
Royal House Muhammad Ali Dynasty
Father Fuad I of Eygpt
Mother Nazli Sabri

Princess Fawzia bint Fuad of Egypt (Arabic: فوزية بنت الملك فؤاد, Farsi: فوزیه فؤاد) (Alexandria, Egypt, November 5, 1921 -) was the first wife and Queen consort of Shahanshah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi of Iran. Image File history File links Fawzia. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Ras Al–Teen palace, located in Alexandria, Egypt, enjoys an outstanding historical position since it is one of few palaces that witnessed the initiation of Mohamed Aly’s dynasty. ... Nickname: Alexandria on the map of Egypt Map of Alexandria Coordinates: , Country Egypt Founded 334 BC Government  - Governor Adel Labib Population (2001)  - City 3,500,000 Time zone EET (UTC+2)  - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Twin Cities  - Baltimore  United States  - Cleveland  United States  - ConstanÅ£a  Romania  - Durban  South Africa... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran (Persian: ) (October 26, 1919, Tehran – July 27, 1980, Cairo), styled His Imperial Majesty, and holding the imperial titles of Shahanshah (King of Kings), and Aryamehr (Light of the Aryans), was the monarch of Iran from September 16, 1941 until the Iranian Revolution on February... Shahnaz Pahlavi (born October 27, 1940) is the first child of the last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and his first wife, Fawzia of Egypt. ... The Muhammad Ali Dynasty was the ruling dynasty of Egypt and Sudan from the 19th to the mid-20th Century. ... Nazli Sabri (1894-1978), daughter of H.E. Abdur-Rahim Pasha Sabri, sometime Minister of Agriculture and Governor of Cairo, by his wife, Tawfika Khanum Sharif, was the second wife of King Fuad of Egypt. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... “Farsi” redirects here. ... Nickname: Alexandria on the map of Egypt Map of Alexandria Coordinates: , Country Egypt Founded 334 BC Government  - Governor Adel Labib Population (2001)  - City 3,500,000 Time zone EET (UTC+2)  - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Twin Cities  - Baltimore  United States  - Cleveland  United States  - ConstanÅ£a  Romania  - Durban  South Africa... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Darius the Great, the first to bear the title Shahanshah. ... His Majesty Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi (اعلیحضرت محمدرضا شاه پهلوی; October 26, 1919 – July 27, 1980) also knows as Aryamehr, was the last Shah of Iran, ruling from 1941 until...


She is currently Fawzia Shirin, having remarried in 1949 and having lost her royal titles after the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, although she is referred to as Princess out of courtesy. She is the most senior member of the deposed Muhammad Ali Dynasty residing in Egypt. Her nephew Fuad, who was proclaimed King Fuad II of Egypt and Sudan after the revolution, resides in Switzerland. Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1952 Revolution (Arabic:ثورة 23 يوليو 1952), in Egypt also known as the July 23 Revolution, began with a military coup détat that took place on July 23, 1952 by a group of young army officers who named themselves The Free Officers Movement. The revolution was initially aimed at overthrowing... The Muhammad Ali Dynasty was the ruling dynasty of Egypt and Sudan from the 19th to the mid-20th Century. ... Fuad II (born January 16, 1952) was King of Egypt from July 26, 1952 to June 18, 1953. ...

Contents

Early life

She was born Her Sultanic Highness Princess Fawzia bint Fuad at Ras Al-Teen Palace in Alexandria, the eldest daughter of Sultan Fuad I of Egypt and Sudan (later King Fuad I), and his second wife, Nazli Sabri. One of her great-great-grandfathers was Suleiman Pasha, a French army officer who served under Napoleon, converted to Islam, and oversaw an overhaul of the Egyptian army. In addition to her sisters Faiza, Faika, and Fathiya, and her brother Farouk, she had two half-siblings from her father's previous marriage to Princess Shivakiar Khanum Effendi. Ras Al–Teen palace, located in Alexandria, Egypt, enjoys an outstanding historical position since it is one of few palaces that witnessed the initiation of Mohamed Aly’s dynasty. ... Nickname: Alexandria on the map of Egypt Map of Alexandria Coordinates: , Country Egypt Founded 334 BC Government  - Governor Adel Labib Population (2001)  - City 3,500,000 Time zone EET (UTC+2)  - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Twin Cities  - Baltimore  United States  - Cleveland  United States  - ConstanÅ£a  Romania  - Durban  South Africa... Fuad I of Egypt Fuad I, born Ahmed Fuad, (Arabic: فؤاد الأول Fuād al-Awwal), (March 26, 1868 - April 28, 1936), was the Sultan and later King of Egypt and Sudan, Sovereign of Nubia, Kordofan, and Darfur. ... Categories: People stubs | 1868 births | 1936 deaths | Egyptian heads of state ... Nazli Sabri (1894-1978), daughter of H.E. Abdur-Rahim Pasha Sabri, sometime Minister of Agriculture and Governor of Cairo, by his wife, Tawfika Khanum Sharif, was the second wife of King Fuad of Egypt. ... Suleiman Pasha (born Joseph Anthelme Sève, also known as Süleyman PaÅŸa, Soliman Al Fransawi Pasha, or Colonel Sève; May or July 1788 - Cairo, March 12, 1860) was a French-born Egyptian commander. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... King Farouk of Egypt (February 11, 1920 - March 18, 1965) was the penultimate King of Egypt, succeeding his father Fuad I in 1936. ...


Marriage to Crown Prince of Iran

Princess Fawzia of Egypt married Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1919-1980), the Crown Prince of Iran, in Cairo, on March 16, 1939; after their honeymoon, the wedding ceremonies were repeated in Tehran. Two years later, the crown prince succeeded his exiled father and was to become the last Shah of Iran. Soon after her husband's ascent to the throne, Queen Fawzia appeared on the cover of the September 21, 1942 issue of Life magazine, photographed by Cecil Beaton, who described her as an "Asian Venus" with "a perfect heart-shaped face and strangely pale but piercing blue eyes." Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran (Persian: ) (October 26, 1919, Tehran – July 27, 1980, Cairo), styled His Imperial Majesty, and holding the imperial titles of Shahanshah (King of Kings), and Aryamehr (Light of the Aryans), was the monarch of Iran from September 16, 1941 until the Iranian Revolution on February... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Nickname: Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: , Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 214 km²  (82. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... One of the worlds longest-lasting monarchies, the Iranian monarchy went through many transformations over the centuries, from the days of Persia to the creation of what is now modern day Iran. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Life (disambiguation). ... Sir Cecil Walter Hardy Beaton (January 14, 1904 – January 18, 1980) was an English fashion and portrait photographer and a stage and costume designer for films and the theatre. ...


The marriage was not a success. After the birth of the couple's only child, Princess Shahnaz Pahlavi, Queen Fawzia -- the title of empress was not yet used in Iran at that time -- obtained an Egyptian divorce in 1945, whereupon she moved to Cairo. This divorce was not recognized by Iran, however, and eventually an official divorce was obtained, in Iran, on November 17, 1948, with Queen Fawzia reclaiming her previous distinction of Princess of Egypt. A major condition of the divorce was that her daughter be left behind to be raised in Iran. Curiously, Queen Fawzia's brother, King Farouk, divorced his first wife, Queen Farida, the same week. Shahnaz Pahlavi (born October 27, 1940) is the first child of the last Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and his first wife, Fawzia of Egypt. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the official announcement of the divorce, it was stated that "the Persian climate had endangered the health of Empress [sic] Fawzia, and that thus it was agreed that the Egyptian King's sister be divorced." In another official statement, the Shah said that the dissolution of the marriage "cannot affect by any means the existing friendly relations between Egypt and Iran."[1]


Marriage to Colonel Ismail Hussain Shirin Bey

On March 28, 1949, in Cairo, Princess Fawzia married Colonel Ismail Hussain Shirin Bey, (1919-1994), a distant cousin and onetime Egyptian Minister of War and the Navy. The couple had two children: Nadia (born 1950) and Hussain (born 1955). is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ...


Other

Princess Fawzia's death was mistakenly reported in January 2005. Journalists had confused her with her niece Princess Fawzieh (Fevziye) (1940-2005), one of the three daughters of King Farouk: Ferial, Faiza and Fawzieh. 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Deaths in January • 29 Ephraim Kishon • 25 Philip Johnson • 23 Johnny Carson • 22 Parveen Babi • 20 Jan Nowak-Jeziorański • 17 Virginia Mayo • 17 Zhao Ziyang • 15... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


References

  1. ^ "2 Moslem Rulers Divorce Wives Who Bore No Sons", The New York Times, 20 November 1948, page 1.
  • Pandora's Box

Titles from Birth

  • Her Sultanic Highness the Princess Fawzia of Egypt
  • Her Royal Highness the Princess Fawzia of Egypt
  • Her Imperial and Royal Highness the Crown Princess of Iran
  • Her Imperial Majesty Queen Fawzia of Iran
  • Her Imperial & Royal Highness Princess Fawzia of Iran and Egypt
  • Her Royal Highness the Princess Fawzia of Egypt
  • Mrs. Ismail Shirin

 
 

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