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Encyclopedia > Father
Father with child
Father with child
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Father with two little children
Father with two little children

A father is defined as the male parent of an offspring.[citation needed] Father is the male parent of a child. ... Dad or DAD can refer to: Father Die Another Day This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Fatherhood is the show revolving around the Bindlebeep Family, and various happening, Airs on Nick at Nite ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1757x1718, 819 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Father ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1757x1718, 819 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Father ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 566 pixelsFull resolution (2244 × 1588 pixels, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 566 pixelsFull resolution (2244 × 1588 pixels, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 20040804_Milwaukee_Dads_Packer_Practice_31_Small_Web_view. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 20040804_Milwaukee_Dads_Packer_Practice_31_Small_Web_view. ... This article is about the Male sex. ... A parent is a father or mother; one who begets or one who gives birth to or nurtures and raises a child; a relative who plays the role of guardian // Mother This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Unlike maternal, paternal has to do with father. According to anthropologist Maurice Godelier, a critical novelty in human society, compared to humans' closest biological relatives (chimpanzees and bonobos), is the parental role assumed by the males, which were unaware of their "father" connection.[1][2] Mother with her child (Sculpture) A mother is typically the biological or social female parent of a child or offspring while the male parent is the father. ... Born in Cambrai, France in 1934, Maurice Godelier is one of the most influential names in French anthropology. ... Species Pan troglodytes Pan paniscus Chimpanzees, also called chimps, are the common name for two species in the genus Pan. ... For other uses, see Bonobo (disambiguation). ...


The father-child relationship is the defining factor of the fatherhood role.[3][4] "Fathers who are able to develop into responsible parents are able to engender a number of significant benefits for themselves, their communities, and most importantly, their children."[5] For example, children who experience significant father involvement tend to exhibit higher scores on assessments of cognitive development, enhanced social skills and fewer behavior problems.[6][7][8]


The father is an authority figure.[9][10][11][12] According to Deleuze, the father authority exercises repression over sexual desire.[13] A common observation among scholars is that the authority of the father and of the [political] leader are closely intertwined, that there is a symbolic identification between domestic authority and national political leadership.[14] In this sense, links have been shown between the concepts of "patriarchal", "paternalistic", "cult of personality", "fascist", "totalitarian", "imperial".[14] The fundamental common grounds between domestic and national authority, are the mechanisms of naming (exercise the authority in someone's name) and identification.[14] Authority typically uses such rhetoric of fatherhood and family to implement their rule and advocate its legitimacy.[15] This article is about authority as a concept. ... Gilles Deleuze (January 18, 1925 - November 4, 1995) was a major French philosopher of the late 20th century. ... A patriarch (from Greek: patria means father; arché means rule, beginning, origin) is a male head of an extended family exercising autocratic authority, or, by extension, a member of the ruling class or government of a society controlled by senior men. ... Paternalism refers to a policy that prevents others from doing harm to themselves or a belief in such policies. ... A cult of personality or personality cult arises when a countrys leader uses mass media to create a larger-than-life public image through unquestioning flattery and praise. ... Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... The concept of Totalitarianism is a typology or ideal-type used by some political scientists to encapsulate the characteristics of a number of twentieth century regimes that mobilized entire populations in support of the state or an ideology. ... Look up Imperial in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In the Roman and aristocratic patriarchal family, "the husband and the father had a measure of political authority and served as intermediary between the household and the polity."[16][17] In Western culture patriarchy and authority have been synonymous.[18] In the 19th century Europe, the idea was common, among both traditionalist and revolutionaries, that the authority of the domestic father should "be made omnipotent in the family so that it becomes less necessary in the state".[19][20][14] In the second part of that century, there was an extension of the authority of the husband over his wife and the authority of the father over his children, including "increased demands for absolute obedience of children to the father".[14] Europe saw the rise of "new ideological hegemony of the nuclear family form and a legal codification of patriarchy", which was contemporary with the solid spread of the "nation-state model as political norm of order".[14] Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... A patriarch (from Greek: patria means father; arché means rule, beginning, origin) is a male head of an extended family exercising autocratic authority, or, by extension, a member of the ruling class or government of a society controlled by senior men. ... For other uses, see Polity (disambiguation). ... For this articles equivalent regarding the East, see Eastern culture. ... Look up Obedience in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Hegemony (pronounced or ) (Greek: ) is the dominance of one group over other groups, with or without the threat of force, to the extent that, for instance, the dominant party can dictate the terms of trade to its advantage; more broadly, cultural perspectives become skewed to favor the dominant group. ... The term nuclear family developed in the western world to distinguish the family group consisting of parents (usually a father and mother) and their children, from what is known as an extended family. ...


Like mothers, human fathers may be categorised according to their biological, social or legal relationship with the child.[21] Historically, the biological relationship paternity has been determinative of fatherhood. However, proof of paternity has been intrinsically problematic and so social rules often determined who would be regarded as a father e.g. the husband of the mother. Look up mother in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An interpersonal relationship is some relationship or connection between two people. ... Paternity is the social and legal acknowledgment of the parental relationship between a father and his child. ... The law of evidence governs the use of testimony (e. ... Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ... Look up mother in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


This method of the determination of fatherhood has persisted since Roman times in the famous sentence: Mater semper certa; pater est quem nuptiae demonstrant (Mother is always certain; the father is whom the marriage shows). The historical approach has been destabilised with the recent emergence of accurate scientific testing, particularly DNA testing. As a result, the law on fatherhood is undergoing rapid changes. In the United States, the Uniform Parentage Act essentially defines a father as a man who conceives a child through sexual intercourse. Using the term Roman law in a broader sense, one may say that Roman law is not only the legal system of ancient Rome but the law that was applied throughout most of Europe until the end of the 18th century. ... Genetic fingerprinting, DNA testing, DNA typing, and DNA profiling are techniques used to distinguish between individuals of the same species using only samples of their DNA. Its invention by Sir Alec Jeffreys at the University of Leicester was announced in 1985. ... Family Law was a television drama starring Kathleen Quinlan as a divorced lawyer who attempted to start her own law firm after her lawyer husband took all their old clients. ... In the US, a Uniform Act is an act proposed by the Uniform Law Commissioners, more formally known as the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws, a body of lawyers and other professionals who work for the standardisation of U.S. state laws in the United States of...


The most familiar English terms for father include dad, daddy, papa, pop and pa. Other colloquial expressions include my old man.

Contents

Categories

Rice farmer with daughter. Kantharalak, Thailand. (January 2005).
  • Natural/Biological father - the most common category: child product of man and woman
  • Birth father - the biological father of a child who, due to adoption or parental separation, does not raise the child
  • Surprise father - where the men did not know that there was a child until possibly years afterwards
  • Posthumous father - father died before children were born (or even conceived in the case of artificial insemination)
  • Teenage father/youthful father - may be associated with premarital sexual intercourse
  • Non-parental father - unmarried father whose name does not appear on child's birth certificate: does not have legal responsibility but continues to have financial responsibility (UK)
  • Sperm donor father - a genetic connection but man does not have legal or financial responsibility if conducted through licensed clinics

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 392 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1440 × 2203 pixel, file size: 179 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Rice farmer with daughter. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 392 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1440 × 2203 pixel, file size: 179 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Rice farmer with daughter. ... Kantharalak (Thai: ) is a district (Amphoe) in the southeastern part of Sisaket Province, northeastern Thailand. ... A sperm donor is a person who gives or more usually sells his sperm, to a sperm bank, primarily for the purpose of assisting a woman anonymous to him to conceive via artificial insemination. ...

Non-biological (social / legal relationship between father and child)

  • Step-father - wife/partner has child from previous relationship
  • Father-in-law - the father of one's spouse
  • Adoptive father - child is adopted(not of their blood)
  • Foster father - child is raised by a man who is not the biological or adoptive father usually as part of a couple.
  • Cuckolded father - where child is the product of the mother's adulterous relationship
  • Social father - where man takes de facto responsibility for a child (in such a situation the child is known as a "child of the family" in English law)
  • Mothers's partner - assumption that current partner fills father role
  • Mothers's husband - under some jurisdictions (e.g. in Quebec civil law), if the mother is married to another man, the latter will be defined as the father
  • DI Dad - social / legal father of children produced via Donor Insemination where a donor's sperm were used to impregnate the DI Dad's spouse.

The Civil Code of Québec (Code civil du Québec) is the civil code in force in the province of Quebec, Canada. ...

Fatherhood defined by contact level with child

  • Weekend/holiday father - where child(ren) only stay(s) with father at weekends, holidays, etc.
  • Absent father - father who cannot or will not spend time with his child(ren)
  • Second father - a non-parent whose contact and support is robust enough that near parental bond occurs (often used for older male siblings who significantly aid in raising a child).
  • Stay at home dad - the male equivalent of a housewife with child
  • Where man in couple originally seeking IVF treatment withdraws consent before fertilisation (UK)
  • Where the apparently male partner in an IVF arrangement turns out to be legally a female (evidenced by birth certificate) at the time of the treatment (UK) (TLR 1st June 2006)
A biological child of a man who, for the special reason above, is not their legal father, has no automatic right to financial support or inheritance. Legal fatherlessness refers to a legal status and not to the issue of whether the father is now dead or alive.

The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... A stereotypical housewife A homemaker is a person whose prime occupation is to care for their family and home. ... For the Inter-Varsity Fellowship, see Universities and Colleges Christian Fellowship. ... For the Inter-Varsity Fellowship, see Universities and Colleges Christian Fellowship. ...

See also

Father can also refer metaphorically to a person who is considered the founder of a body of knowledge or of an institution. In such context the meaning of "father" is similar to that of "founder". See List of people known as the father or mother of something. The following alphabetical lists includes men and women commonly known as the father or mother of something. ...

Look up Father in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The paternal bond is typically the relationship between a father and his child. ... The Sociology of fatherhood is a subbranch of sociology which studies gender role in society, with particular reference to the parental role of the father. ... For some animals, it is the father who take care of the young. ... A marriage strike is the social phenomenon of men seeking to avoid marriage. ... The Fathers rights movement can be seen as part of the mens movement and/or the parents movement, it emerged in the 1970s as a loose social movement providing a network of interest groups, primarily in western countries. ... Responsible Fatherhood Responsible Fatherhood is a concept that describes involved parenting by noncustodial fathers and represents the antithesis of the concept of the stereotyped “deadbeat dad. ... Fathers Day is a holiday to celebrate fatherhood and parenting by males, as Mothers Day celebrates motherhood and mothering. ... Look up mother in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

References

  1. ^ Maurice Godelier, Métamorphoses de la parenté, 2004
  2. ^ New Left Review - Jack Goody: The Labyrinth of Kinship. Retrieved on 2007-07-24.
  3. ^ Early Childhood Longitudinal Study 2006. "Measuring Father Involvement in Young Children's Lives." National Center for Education Statistics. Fathers of U.S. children born in 2001.
  4. ^ Minnesota Fathers & Families Network. "Do We Count Fathers in Minnesota?" (Saint Paul, MN: Author, 2007). 51.
  5. ^ Minnesota Fathers & Families Network. "Fathers to the Forefront: A five-year plan to strengthen Minnesota families." (Saint Paul, MN: Author. 2007).[1]
  6. ^ Pruett, K. "Fatherneed: Why father care is as essential as mother care for your child," New York: Free Press, 2000.
  7. ^ "The Effects of Father Involvement: A Summary of the Research Evidence," Father Involvement Initiative Ontario Network, Fall 2002 newsletter.
  8. ^ Anderson Moore, K. "Family Structure and Child Well-being" Washington, DC: Child Trends, 2003.
  9. ^ Osaki, Harumi Killing Oneself, Killing the Father: On Deleuze's Suicide in Comparison with Blanchot's Notion of Death Literature and Theology, doi:10.1093/litthe/frm019
  10. ^ [Foucault's response to Freud: sado-masochism and the aestheticization of power http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2342/is_n3_v29/ai_18096757/pg_4]
  11. ^ Eva L. Corredor (Dis)embodiments of the Father in Maghrebian Fiction. The French Review, Vol. 66, No. 2 (Dec., 1992), pp. 295-304
  12. ^ Paul Rosefeldt; Peter Lang, 1996. The Absent Father in Modern Drama [CHAPTER 3 - QUESTIONING THE FATHER'S AUTHORITY http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=9916349]
  13. ^ Deleuze, Gilles. Coldness and Cruelty. Masochism. Trans. Jean McNeil. New York: Zone, 1989. pp. 63-68. [2]
  14. ^ a b c d e f Borneman, John (2004) Death Of The Father: An Anthropology Of The End In Political Authority ISBN 1571811117 [3] pp.1-2, 11-12, 75-75
  15. ^ [4]
  16. ^ David Foster Taming the Father: John Locke's Critique of Patriarchal Fatherhood. The Review of Politics, Vol. 56, No. 4 (Autumn, 1994), pp. 641-670
  17. ^ Alexis de Tocqueville 1830
  18. ^ WHITE, NICHOLAS review of Questioning the Father: From Darwin to Zola, Ibsen, Strindberg, and Hardy Journal of European Studies, December, 2000
  19. ^ Jules Simon 1869
  20. ^ Michelle Perrot 1990 A History of Private Life p.167
  21. ^ Minnesota Fathers & Families Network. "Do We Count Fathers in Minnesota?" (Saint Paul, MN: Author, 2007). 14.

Born in Cambrai, France in 1934, Maurice Godelier is one of the most influential names in French anthropology. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Gilles Deleuze (January 18, 1925 - November 4, 1995) was a major French philosopher of the late 20th century. ... For other uses, see Tocqueville (disambiguation) Alexis de Tocqueville Alexis-Charles-Henri Clérel de Tocqueville (Verneuil-sur-Seine, Île-de-France, July 29, 1805– Cannes, April 16, 1859) was a French political thinker and historian. ... Jules Simon, French politician Jules François Simon (December 27, 1814 - June 8, 1896) was a French statesman and philosopher. ...

Bibliography

  • S Kraemer (1991) The Origins of Fatherhood: An Ancient Family Process. Family Process 30 (4), 377–392. doi:10.1111/j.1545-5300.1991.00377.x

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