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Encyclopedia > Fascia lata
Fascia lata
The fossa ovalis. (Fascia lata labeled at bottom left.)
Iliotibial tract.
Latin '
Gray's subject #128 468
System
MeSH [1]

The deep fascia of the thigh is named, from its great extent, the fascia lata; it constitutes an investment for the whole of this region of the limb, but varies in thickness in different parts. Image File history File links Posterior_Hip_Muscles_3. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is a huge controlled vocabulary (or metadata system) for the purpose of indexing journal articles and books in the life sciences. ... Diagram of the human thigh bone In humans the thigh is the area between the pelvis and buttocks and the knee. ...


Thus, it is thicker in the upper and lateral part of the thigh, where it receives a fibrous expansion from the Glutæus maximus, and where the Tensor fasciæ latæ is inserted between its layers; it is very thin behind and at the upper and medial part, where it covers the Adductor muscles, and again becomes stronger around the knee, receiving fibrous expansions from the tendon of the Biceps femoris laterally, from the Sartorius medially, and from the Quadriceps femoris in front. Gluteus maximus The gluteal muscles are the three muscles that make up the human buttocks. ... The biceps femoris, as its name implies, has two heads. ... For the muscle, see sartorius muscle. ... ...


The fascia lata is attached, above and behind, to the back of the sacrum and coccyx; laterally, to the iliac crest; in front, to the inguinal ligament, and to the superior ramus of the pubis; and medially, to the inferior ramus of the pubis, to the inferior ramus and tuberosity of the ischium, and to the lower border of the sacrotuberous ligament. Sacrum, pelvic surface The sacrum (os sacrum) is a large, triangular bone at the base of the vertebral column and at the upper and back part of the pelvic cavity, where it is inserted like a wedge between the two hip bones. ... The coccyx is formed of four fused vertebrae. ... Human male pelvis, viewed from front Human female pelvis, viewed from front The pelvis is the bony structure located at the base of the spine (properly known as the caudal end). ... The inguinal ligament is a band running from the pubic tubercle to the anterior superior iliac spine. ... A man and a woman in the Pioneer plaque. ... Human male pelvis, viewed from front Human female pelvis, viewed from front The pelvis is the bony structure located at the base of the spine (properly known as the caudal end). ... The Sacrotuberous Ligament (great or posterior sacrosciatic ligament) is situated at the lower and back part of the pelvis. ...


From its attachment to the iliac crest it passes down over the Glutæus medius to the upper border of the Glutæus maximus, where it splits into two layers, one passing superficial to and the other beneath this muscle; at the lower border of the muscle the two layers reunite. Gluteus maximus The gluteal muscles are the three muscles that make up the human buttocks. ...


Laterally, the fascia lata receives the greater part of the tendon of insertion of the Glutæus maximus, and becomes proportionately thickened.


The portion of the fascia lata attached to the front part of the iliac crest, and corresponding to the origin of the Tensor fasciæ latæ, extends down the lateral side of the thigh as two layers, one superficial to and the other beneath this muscle; at the lower end of the muscle these two layers unite and form a strong band, having first received the insertion of the muscle.


Iliotibial band

This band is continued downward, under the name of the iliotibial band (tractus iliotibialis) and is attached to the lateral condyle of the tibia. Figure 1 : Upper surface of right tibia. ...


The part of the iliotibial band which lies beneath the Tensor fasciæ latæ is prolonged upward to join the lateral part of the capsule of the hip-joint. Bones of the Hip In anatomy, the hip is the bony projection of the femur, known as the greater trochanter, and the overlying muscle and fat. ...


Below, the fasciæ lata is attached to all the prominent points around the knee-joint, viz., the condyles of the femur and tibia, and the head of the fibula. On either side of the patella it is strengthened by transverse fibers from the lower parts of the Vasti, which are attached to and support this bone.


Of these the lateral are the stronger, and are continuous with the iliotibial band.


The deep surface of the fascia lata gives off two strong intermuscular septa, which are attached to the whole length of the linea aspera and its prolongations above and below; the lateral and stronger one, which extends from the insertion of the Glutæus maximus to the lateral condyle, separates the Vastus lateralis in front from the short head of the Biceps femoris behind, and gives partial origin to these muscles; the medial and thinner one separates the Vastus medialis from the Adductores and Pectineus. Gluteus maximus The gluteal muscles are the three muscles that make up the human buttocks. ... The Vastus lateralis muscle is a muscle of the human body. ... The biceps femoris, as its name implies, has two heads. ... The vastus medialis is the muscle that brings the kneecap inward, holding it in the position it should be. ... The pectineus muscle is a muscle in the inner thigh, by the femur. ...


Besides these there are numerous smaller septa, separating the individual muscles, and enclosing each in a distinct sheath.


This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


 
 

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