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Encyclopedia > Fars Province
fars Province
استان فارس
Location
Map of Iran with fars highlighted.
Info
Admin. Center:
 • Coordinates:
Shiraz
 • 29.609° N 52.532° E
Area : 122,608 km²
Population(2005):
 • Density :
{{{pop}}}
 • 35.8/km²
No. of Counties: 23
Time zone: UTC+3:30
Main language(s): Persian
Qashqai
Luri (Mamasani dialect)

pārs (pronounced/fɑː(ɹ)s) (Persian: فارس) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the south of the country and its center is Shiraz. It has an area of 122,400 km². In 1996, this province had a population of 3.8 million people, of which 56.7% were registered as urban dwellers, 41.0% villagers, and 1.4% nomad tribes.[1] province of Iran File links The following pages link to this file: Fars Categories: GFDL images ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Eram Garden, Shiraz most popular garden. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... The provinces of Iran are divided into counties or shahrestānhā (Persian: شهرستان, singular shahrestān), and each shahrestan is subdivided into districts or bakhshānhā (Persian: بخش, singular bakhsh). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Qashqai (also spelled Ghashghai, Qashqai, Qashqay, and Kashkai) is a Turkic language. ... Luri is a dialect of Persian language. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Iran consists of 30 provinces: Provinces are governed from a local center, mostly the largest local city. ... Eram Garden, Shiraz most popular garden. ...


Fārs is the original homeland of the Persian people. The native name of the Persian language is Fārsi or Pārsi. Persia and Persian both derive from the Hellenized form Πέρσις Persis of the root word Pārs. The Old Persian word was Pārsā. The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Persia redirects here. ... Greek ( IPA: or simply IPA: — Hellenic) has a documented history of 3,500 years, the longest of any single natural language in the Indo-European language family. ...

Contents

Etymology

The name of the Fars is derived from the name of the Persians (Old Persian Pārsa) which settled there. The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... See Aryan Language or Old Persian For more information visit: *[Ancient Iranian Languages & Literature The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies (CAIS) ...


History

Pre-Islamic era

The ruins of Persepolis
The ruins of Persepolis

The ancient Persians were present in the region from about the 9th century BC, and became the rulers of a large empire under the Achaemenid dynasty in the 6th century BC. The ruins of Persepolis and Pasargadae, two of the four capitals of the Achaemenid Empire, are located in Fars. Image File history File linksMetadata Takht-jamshid. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Takht-jamshid. ... This article is about the ancient city. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... The Persepolis Ruins The Achaemenid dynasty (Old Persian:Hakamanishiya, Persian: هخامنشیان) - was a dynasty in the ancient Persian Empire. ... This article is about the ancient city. ... Pasargadae (Persian: پاسارگاد) was a city in ancient Persia, and is today an archaeological site and one of Irans UNESCO World Heritage Sites. ... Founder of empires: Cyrus, The Great is still revered in modern Iran as he was in all the successor Persian Empires. ...


The Achaemenid Empire was defeated by Alexander the Great in the fourth century BC. Shortly after this the Seleucid Empire was establised. However it never extended its power beyond the main trade routes in Fars, and by reign of Antiochus I or possibly later Persis emerged as an independent state that minted its own coins.[2] For the film of the same name, see Alexander the Great (1956 film). ... The Seleucid Empire was a Hellenistic successor state of Alexander the Greats dominion. ... Silver coin of Antiochus I Antiochus I Soter ( 324/323_262/261 BC reigned 281 BC - 261 BC) was half Persian, his mother Apame being one of those eastern princesses whom Alexander had given as wives to his generals in 324 BC. On the assassination of his father Seleucus I in...


The Seleucid Empire was defeated by the Parthians in 238 BC. By 205 BC Antiochus III had extended his authority into Persis and it ceased to be an independent state.[3] Reproduction of a Parthian warrior as depicted on Trajans Column The Parthian Empire was the dominating force on the Iranian plateau beginning in the late 3rd century BCE, and intermittently controlled Mesopotamia between ca 190 BCE and 224 CE. Origins Bust of Parthian soldier, Esgh-abad Museum, Turkmenia. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 280s BC 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC - 230s BC - 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC Years: 243 BC 242 BC 241 BC 240 BC 239 BC - 238 BC - 237 BC 236 BC... Silver coin of Antiochus III Antiochus III the Great, (ruled 223 - 187 BC), younger son of Seleucus II Callinicus, became ruler of the Seleucid kingdom as a youth of about eighteen in 223 BC. (His traditional designation, the Great, stems from a misconception of Megas Basileus (Great king), the traditional...



Babak was the ruler of a small town called Kheir. Babak's efforts in gaining local power at the time escaped the attention of Artabanus IV, the Arsacid Emperor of the time. Babak and his eldest son Shapur managed to expand their power over all of Persis. Babak (Persian: بابک ) is a common Persian male name. ... Artabanus IV of Parthia ruled the Parthian Empire (c. ... Shapur refers to one of three Sassanian kings: Shapur I of Persia - 241 to 272 CE Shapur II of Persia - 309 to 379 CE Shapur III of Persia - 383 to 388 CE This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


The subsequent events are unclear, due to the sketchy nature of the sources. It is however certain that following the death of Babak around 220, Ardashir who at the time was the governor of Darabgird, got involved in a power struggle of his own with his elder brother Shapur. The sources tell us that in 222, Shapur was killed when the roof of a building collapsed on him. Babak (Persian: بابک ) is a common Persian male name. ... Silver coin of Ardashir I with a fire altar on its verso (British Museum London). ...

A Sassanid relief showing the investiture of Ardashir I
A Sassanid relief showing the investiture of Ardashir I

At this point, Ardashir moved his capital further to the south of Persis and founded a capital at Ardashir-Khwarrah(formerly Gur, modern day Firouzabad). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1471 KB) Summary Bas relief Nagsh-e-rostam, Province du Fars, Iran. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1471 KB) Summary Bas relief Nagsh-e-rostam, Province du Fars, Iran. ... Silver coin of Ardashir I with a fire altar on its verso (British Museum London). ... The Gur languages belong to the Niger-Congo languages. ... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Firouzabad. ...


After establishing his rule over Persis, Ardashir I rapidly extended his territory, demanding fealty from the local princes of Fars, and gaining control over the neighboring provinces of Kerman, Isfahan, Susiana, and Mesene. Silver coin of Ardashir I with a fire altar on its verso (British Museum London). ...


Artabanus marched a second time against Ardashir I in 224. Their armies clashed at Hormizdeghan, where Artabanus IV was killed. He was crowned in 226 at Ctesiphon as the sole ruler of Persia; bringing the 400-year-old Parthian Empire to an end. Artabanus IV of Parthia ruled the Parthian Empire (c. ... Ctesiphon, 1932 Ctesiphon (Parthian and Pahlavi: Tyspwn as well as Tisfun, Persian: ‎, also known as in Arabic Madain, Maden or Al-Madain: المدائن) is one of the great cities of ancient Mesopotamia and the capital of the Parthian Empire and its successor, the Sassanid Empire, for more than 800 years...


The Sassanids ruled for 425 years, until the Arab armies conquered the empire.


Islamic era

The cities of Fars province put up a firm resistance to the Arabs during the Islamic Conquest of Iran, particularly in areas around Istakhr. The province however, as well as most of Persia ultimately fell to the conquest. The Islamic conquest of Iran (637-651 CE) destroyed the Sassanid Empire and led to the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Iran. ...


Fars then passed hand to hand through numerous dynasties, leaving behind numerous historical and ancient monuments; each of which has its own values as a world heritage, reflecting the history of the province, Iran, and western Asia. The ruins of Bishapur, Persepolis, and Firouzabad are all reminders of this. For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Ruins of Bishapur Sassanian relief, Bishapur Bishapur (or Bishâpûr) is an ancient city situated south of modern Faliyan, Iran on the ancient road between Persis and Elam. ... This article is about the ancient city. ... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Firouzabad. ...


Administrative Divisions

Fars is located in the south of Iran. It neighbours Bushehr Province to the west, Hormozgān Province to the south, Kerman and Yazd provinces to the east, Isfahan province to the north and Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province to the northwest. According to the latest divisions, the province contains the following counties: Bushehr (Persian:استان بوشهر) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Hormozgān is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Kerman is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Esfahān province (Persian: استان اصفهان (Ostan-e Esfahan); also transliterated as Isfahan, Esfahan, Espahan, Sepahan or Isphahan) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... Kohgiluyeh and Buyer Ahmad (Persian: کهگیلویه Ùˆ بویراحمد) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ...

  1. Estahban
  2. Abadeh
  3. Eqlīd
  4. Bovanat
  5. Jahrum
  6. Darab
  7. Sepidan
  8. Shiraz
  9. Fasa
  10. Firouzabad
  11. Saadat Shahr
  12. Sarvestan
  13. Safashahr
  14. Mohr
  15. Kazeroon
  16. Lar
  17. Lamerd
  18. Marvdasht
  19. Mamasani
  20. Khonj
  21. Neyriz
Fars Province landscape
Fars Province landscape

File links The following pages link to this file: Fars Categories: GFDL images ... Estahban is a city in Fars Province, Iran. ... Abadeh (آباده) is a city in Iran, in the province of Fars, situated at an elevation of 6200 feet in a fertile plain on the high road between Isfahan and Shiraz, 140 miles from the former and 170 miles from the latter. ... // Jahrom For more information about Jahrom please visit the following nonprofit website: Jahrom. ... Darab (originally Darabgerd) is a district of the province of Fars in southwestern Iran. ... Sepidan is a town in Iran. ... Eram Garden, Shiraz most popular garden. ... This article is about the role-playing game company. ... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Firouzabad. ... // Onomastics and disambiguational information about the words, place- & human-names that forms Mohr-, Möhr, Moehr, Möhre, Moehre-, etc. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Lar (لار) is a city in Iran, in the Fars province and also name of a district in Tehran province of Iran. ... Lamerd is a city in the southern part of Fars province in Iran, around 25,000 population. ... Marvdasht (in Persian مرودشت) is a city in Fars province of Iran // Marvdasht is as ancient of the history of Iran and the vast Persian empire. ... Khonj (Persian:خنج) is a township (city) in province of Fars south of Shiraz with 270 km distance and with a population of 60,000. ... Image File history File links Fars. ... Image File history File links Fars. ...

Climate and Wildlife

There are three distinct climatic regions in the Fars Province. First, the mountainous area of the north and northwest with moderate cold winters and mild summers. Secondly, the central regions, with relatively rainy mild winters, and hot dry summers. The third region located in the south and southeast, has moderate winters with very hot summers. The average temperature of Shiraz is 16.8 °C, ranging between 4.7° and 29.2 °C. The geographical and climatic variation of the province causes varieties of plants, consequently, variation of wild life has been formed in the province. Additional to the native animals of the province, many kinds of birds migrate to the province every year.[4] Many kinds of ducks, storks and swallows migrate to this province in annual peride.[5] The main native animals of the province are Gazelle, deer, mountain wild goat, ram, ewe and many kinds of birds.[6] The province of Fars includes many protected wild life zones. The most important protected zones are as following:


Toot Siah (Black Berry) Hunt Forbidden Zone, which is located at the end of Boanat region.


Basiran Hunt Forbidden Zone which is located 4 kilometers south to Abadeh.


Bambo National Park which is located on the north of Shiraz.


Estahban Forest Park ( Parke Jangaly) which is located on the outskirts of Touraj mountain.


Hermoodlar Protected Zone which is located east to larestan.[7]

A panorama of Bakhtiar lake

Image File history File linksMetadata Parishan. ...

Economy

Agriculture is of great importance in Fars. The major products include cereal (wheat and barley), citrus fruits, dates, sugar beets and cotton.


Fars has major petrochemical facilities, along with an oil refinery, a factory for producing tires, a large electronics industry, and a sugar mill.


Tourism is also a large industry in the province. UNESCO has designated an area in the province, called Arjan (known as Dasht e Arjan) as a biosphere reserve. This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ...


Demographics

Due to the geographical characteristics of Fars and its proximity to the Persian Gulf, Fars has long been a residing area for different natives and tribes from other parts of the world such as the Turks, Semites, and Aryans who were under the influence of Iranian culture. However, the original tribes of Fars including Qashqai, Mamasani Lurs, Khamseh and Kohkiluyeh have kept their native and unique cultures and lifestyles which constitute part of the cultural heritage of Iran attracting many tourists. Shiraz's ( provincial capital of fars) wine is one of the most famous kind of wine in the world. There used to be a lot of wine factories in this city. After the Islamic revolution in 1979 due to an Islamic law all wine factories were shut down. The province has a population of 4.4 million approximately. Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Semitic is an adjective which in common parlance mistakenly refers specifically to Jewish things, while the term actually refers to things originating among speakers of Semitic languages or people descended from them, and in a linguistic context to the northeastern subfamily of Afro-Asiatic. ... This article is about the term Aryan. For Arian, a follower of the ancient Christian sect, See Arianism. ... For the language, see Qashqai language. ... Lurs are an ethnic group of Iranian peoples. ...


Transportation

Shiraz Airport is the main international airport of the province and the second in the country. The cities of Lar and Lamerd also have airports linking them with Shiraz and Tehran and nearby Persian Gulf countries such as the UAE and Bahrain. Shiraz is along the main route from Tehran to southern Iran. Shiraz Airport is found in Shiraz, Iran. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ...


Colleges and universities

Fars province contains the following major universities:

Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, SUMS, is a large and prestigious medical school of Iran. ... Shiraz University of Medical Sciences is a well established medical school of Iran that even admits foreign students. ... Shiraz University of Technology (SUTECH) is a university in the capital of the Fars Province of Iran. ...

Notables from Fars

Christiane Amanpour, CBE (born January 12, 1958) (in Persian: ) is the chief international correspondent for CNN. // Shortly after her birth in London, her British mother Patricia, and her father Mohammed, an Iranian airline executive, moved the family to Tehran. ... Sibawayh (سيبويه Sîbawayh in Arabic, سیبویه Sibuyeh in Persian) was a linguist of Persian origin born ca. ... Karim Khan Zand, (Persian: کریم خان زند), (c. ... Lotf Ali Khan (1769 - 1794) was the last shah of Persia (resigned 1789-94) of the Zand dynasty. ... Saadi may refer to one of the following: Saadi (poet), the medieval Persian Sufi poet Saadi Dynasty, the Moroccan dynasty Vicente Saadi, the Argentine politician Saïd Sadi, the Algerian political activist Abd ar-Rahman as-Saadi, Islamic scholar of fiqh and tafsir Category: ... Hafez, detail of an illumination in a Persian manuscript of the Divan of Hafez, 18th century. ... photo:Zahra Kazemi shown before her arrest. ... Ladan and Laleh Bijani (in Persian: لادن Ùˆ لاله بیژنی) (January 17, 1974–July 8, 2003) were Iranian law graduates. ... Khwaju Kermani (1280-1352) was a famous poet and Sufi mystic from Persia. ... ملاصدرا or Mulla Sadra (aka Molla Sadra or Mollasadra) also called Sadr Ad-Din Ash- Shirazi (c. ... Seyyed Ziaeddin Tabatabaee (Persian: سید ضیاءالدین طباطبایی) (1888 - 1969) was a Persian politician and the Prime Minister of Persia from February to May 1921 under Ahmad Shah, the last Shah of the Qajar dynasty. ... The tomb of Ibn Khafif is in the old traditional quarters of Shiraz. ... Abu Muhammad Sheikh Ruzbehan Baqli (1128-1209) was a poet, mystic, and sufi from Iran. ... Meulana Shahin Shirazi was a Persian Jewish poet of 14th century Shiraz, Iran. ... Moin al-Din Junayd ibn Mahmud ibn Muhammad Baghnovi Shirazi was a Sufi mystic and poet of Persia from the 14th century. ... Mohsen Kadivar Mohsen Kadivar (محسن کدیور, born June 7, 1959) is an Iranian Islamic philosopher, Shia cleric and activist. ... Ataollah Mohajerani (عطاالله مهاجرانی) is an Iranian historian, politician, journalist, and author. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Gholam Reza Azhari (1912 – November 5, 2001) was a military leader and Prime Minister of Iran. ... Shrine of the Báb at night from above in Haifa, Israel. ... Shrine of the Báb in Haifa, Israel. ...

Fars Province in poetry

Fars: The ancient homeland of Persia.

روی گفتم که در جهان بنهم
گردم از قید بندگی آزاد


که نه بیرون پارس منزل هست
شام و روم و بصره و بغداد


"I said, turn your path to the greater world,
So I should be free of the chains of slavery.


But I found no place for me outside of Fars,
Not Levant, not Anatolia, not Basra, nor Baghdad."

Hafez

Hafez, detail of an illumination in a Persian manuscript of the Divan of Hafez, 18th century. ...

photo gallery

References

  1. ^ Iran fars-shiraz
  2. ^ The Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 3 (1), p. 299
  3. ^ The Cambridge History of Iran, Vol. 3 (1), p. 302
  4. ^ Iran fars-shiraz
  5. ^ Iran fars-shiraz
  6. ^ Iran fars-shiraz
  7. ^ Iran fars-shiraz

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Fars Province
  • Official website of Fars Governorship
  • Cultural Heritage Foundation of Fars Province
  • Official website of Persepolis
  • Fars Chamber of Commerce
  • Fars Regional Library of Science and Technology
  • Fars Blood Transfusion Organization (in Persian)
  • Fars Province Department of Planing and Management
  • Fars Province Department of Education (in Persian)
  • Fars Province Department of Labour (in Persian)
  • Larestan Mayor's Office
  • Shiraz Chamber of Commerce
  • UNESCO Biosphere Reserve of Arjan
  • Endowments & chairity affairs organization
  • Some folk-songs from the Fars Province sung by Shusha Guppy in the 1970s:
    Silver Gun, Wheat Flower, The Stars in Heaven, On Top of The Hill, The Silken Handkerchief, My Beloved is Short, The Water Pipe, You Must Come to Me (ascribed to the Mamasani Tribe).
The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Dynasty (Persian: []) is the name used for the third Iranian dynasty and the second Persian Empire (226–651). ... Abarshahr was a Satrapy (province) of the Sassanid Empire. ... Map showing kingdoms of Corduene and Adiabene in the first centuries CE. The blue line shows the expedition and then retreat of the Ten Thousand through Corduene in 401 BC. Adiabene (from the Greek: , Adiabene, itself derived from Aramaic , or )[1] was an ancient Kurdish semi-independent kingdom in Mesopotamia... Arabia was a satrapy (province) of the Achaemenid Empire, corresponding to the lands between Egypt and Mesopotamia, known as Arabia Petraea. ... This is the ancient Latin name (Greek name, Areia) for the area around Herat, in NW Afghanistan. ... Persian Armenia, AD 387-591 Persian Armenia corresponds to the Armenian territory controlled by Persia throughout history. ... Asuristan (Assyria) was a satrapy (province) of the Sassanid Empire. ... Azerbaijan or Azerbeijan (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan, Azərbeycan) is a country in the Caucaus region, adjacent to the Caspian Sea. ... Balasagan (literally meaning country of Balas) was a satrapy (satrapy) of the Sassanid Empire. ... Carmania was a satrapy (province) of the Achaemenid Empire as well as, later on, the Sassanid Empire. ... Gorgan (گرگان); Hyrcania ; Hyrcana (Old Persian Varkâna, land of wolves; modern Persian Gorgan): part of the ancient Persian empire, on the southern shores of the Caspian Sea (present day Golestan, Mazandaran, Gilan and parts of Turkmenistan). ... Ancient countries of Caucasus: Armenia, Iberia, Colchis and Albania Iberia was a name given by the ancient Greeks and Romans to the ancient Georgian kingdom of Kartli (4th century BC-5th century AD) corresponding roughly to the eastern and southern parts of the present day Georgia. ... Kushanshahr was a satrapy of the Sassanid Empire. ... The Machelones (Machelônes, Machelonoi) were a Colchian tribe located to the far south of the Phasis (modern-day Rioni River, western Georgia). ... Maishan was a satrapy (province) of the Sassanid Empire. ... Margu (Greek Margiana) was a satrapy of the Achaemenid Empire, mentioned in the Behistun inscriptions of ca. ... Maka was a satrapy (province) of the Achaemenid Empire corresponding to modern day Oman. ... Paratan or Paradene was a satrapy (province) of the Sassanid Empire. ... Parthia (Old Persian Parthava), before it became the Parthian Empire, was a satrapy (province) of the Achaemenid Empire. ... Patishkhwagar was a vassal and later satrapy (province) of the Sassanid Empire corresponding to Gilan, Delam (Dailam) and Ruyan, Tabaristan, and Danbavand. ... External links Official website of Fars Governorship Categories: Iran geography stubs | Provinces of Iran ... Sakastan Sakasthana or Sakasthan is a term indicating certain regions of the South Asia where the Scythians or Sakas settled around 100 BC. Sakastan region includes southern Afghanistan; Punjab, NWFP, and Sindh provinces of Pakistan; Northern Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab states of India. ... The ancient Elamite Empire, تمدن عیلام in Farsi, lay to the east of Sumer and Akkad, in what is now southwestern Iran. ... For other uses, see Turan (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fars Province Summary (1223 words)
Fars, in southern Iran, is one of the largest Iranian provinces, with an area of 133,294 square kilometers; it is a region with great historical significance.
Fars (Persian: فارس) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran.
Fars then passed hand to hand through numerous dynasties, leaving behind numerous historical and ancient monuments; each of which has its own values as a world heritage, reflecting the history of the province, Iran, and western Asia.
Fars Province - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (848 words)
Fars (Persian: فارس) is one of the 30 provinces of Iran.
Fars then passed hand to hand through numerous dynasties, leaving behind numerous historical and ancient monuments; each of which has its own values as a world heritage, reflecting the history of the province, Iran, and western Asia.
Thus due to the geographical characteristics of Fars and its proximity to the Persian Gulf, Fars has long been a residing area for different natives and tribes from other parts of the world such as the Turks, Semites, and Aryans who were under the influence of Iranian culture.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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