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Encyclopedia > Fars

Contents

province of Iran File links The following pages link to this file: Fars Categories: GFDL images ...


Introduction

Fars is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is in the south of the country. Its center is Shiraz, and has an area of 122,400 sq. km. In 1996, this province had a population of 3.8 million people, out of which 42% resided in rural areas and the rest were urban settlers. Iran consists of 30 provinces: Provinces are governed from a local center, mostly the largest local city. ... Shirāz (شیراز in Persian) is a city in southwest Iran (Persia) with 1,050,000 inhabitants (1996 census). ...


Nominally, Fars is the original homeland of the Persian people. The native name of the Persian language is Fārsi or Pārsi. Persia and Persian both derive from the Hellenized form Persis of the root word Pārs. Fārs is the Arabicised version of Pars. The Old Persian word was Pārsā. The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some ) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (named Farsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... Persian (فارسی / پارسی), (local name in Iran/Persia, Afghanistan and Tajikistan: ‘Fârsi’), ‘Pârsi’ (older local name, but still used by some speakers), Tajik (a Central Asian dialect) or Dari (another local name in Tajikistan and Afghanistan), is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, western Pakistan, Bahrain, and elsewhere. ... Greek (Greek Ελληνικά, IPA – Hellenic) constitutes its own branch of the Indo-European languages. ...


Geography

The Zagros Mountains stretch from the northwest to the southeast, dividing the province into two distinct geographical regions. The first is located on north-northwest, while the second is located on the south-southeast of the province, and both are mountainous highlands. According to the latest divisions, the province contains the following townships: Estahban, Abadeh, Eqleed, Bovanat, Jahrum, Darab, Sepidan, Shiraz, Fasa, Firouzabad, Kazeroon, Lar, Lamerd, Marvdasht, Mamasani and Nayreez. The Zagros Mountains (In Persian:رشته‌کوه‌های زاگرس) make up Irans second largest mountain range. ... Abadeh (آباده) is a city in Iran, in the province of Fars, situated at an elevation of 6200 feet in a fertile plain on the high road between Isfahan and Shiraz, 140 miles from the former and 170 miles from the latter. ... Eghlid(اقلید)is a city in Iran(Fars province). ... Sepidan is a town in Iran. ... Shirāz (شیراز in Persian) is a city in southwest Iran (Persia) with 1,050,000 inhabitants (1996 census). ... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Firouzabad. ... Lar (لار) is a city in Iran, in the Fars province and also name of a district in Tehran province of Iran. ... A city in south part of Fars province in Iran, around 25,000 population. ...


Climate

There are three distinct climatic regions in the Fars Province. First, the mountainous area of the north and northwest with moderate cold winters and mild summers. Secondly, the central regions, with relatively rainy mild winters, and hot dry summers. The third region located in the south and southeast, has moderate winters with very hot summers. The average temperature of Shiraz is 16.8° C, ranging between 4.7° and 29.2° C.


History and culture

The ruins of Persepolis still impose their grandeur and elegance on the visitor, after being burnt by Alexander of Macedon.

Before Islam, two main Iranian leaders named Cyrus The Great and Ardeshir Babakan rose from Anshan and created the vast dynasties of the Achaemenids and Sassanids respectively. Alexander later established many cities in the province as well. Persepolis ruins. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Bust of Alexander the Great in the British Museum. ...   Islam? (Arabic: الإسلام al-islām) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions, and the worlds second largest religion. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Ardashir I (Artaxerxes, Artaxares, Artashastra) was the founder of the Sassanian Empire of Persia and king from around 226 until around 240. ... Anshan (or Anzan, in Persian انشان, modern Tepe Malyan, Tal-e Malyan 29. ... Achaemenid empire at its greatest extent The Achaemenid Dynasty (Hakamanishiya in the Old Persian (Avestan ??) language - transliterated Hakamanshee in Modern Persian) - was a dynasty in the ancient Persian Empire. ... Sassanid Empire at its greatest extent The Sassanid dynasty (also Sassanian) was the name given to the kings of Persia during the era of the second Persian Empire, from 224 until 651, when the last Sassanid shah, Yazdegerd III, lost a 14-year struggle to drive out the Umayyad Caliphate...


Fars then passed hand to hand through numerous dynasties, leaving behind numerous historical and ancient monuments; each of which has its own values as a world heritage, reflecting the history of the province, Iran, and western Asia. The ruins of Bishapur, Persepolis, and Firouzabad are all reminders of this. World map showing location of Asia Asia is the central and eastern part of Eurasia, defined by subtracting Europe from Eurasia. ... City of Bishapur Bishapur (or Bishâpûr) is an ancient city situated south of modern Faliyan on the ancient road between Persis and Elam, which connected the Sassanid capitals Istakhr (very close to Persepolis) and Ctesiphon. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Firouzabad. ...


Thus due to the geographical characteristics of Fars and its proximity to the Persian Gulf, Fars has long been a residing area for different natives and tribes from other parts of the world such as the Turks, Semites, and Aryans who were under the influence of Iranian culture. However, the original tribes of Fars including Qashqai, Mamasani, Khamseh and Kohkiluyeh have kept their native and unique cultures and lifestyles which constitute part of the cultural heritage of Iran attracting many tourists. Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Semitic is an adjective which in common parlance mistakenly refers specifically to Jewish things, while the term actually refers to things originating among speakers of Semitic languages or people descended from them, and in a linguistic context to the northeastern subfamily of Afro-Asiatic. ... This article is about the term Aryan. For Arian, a follower of the ancient Christian sect, See Arianism. ... Qashqai (also spelled Ghashghai, Qashqay, Kashgai and Qashqai). ...


Fars today

Fars is a colorful place with 715 listed historical attractions according to the Iran Cultural Heritage Organization.
Fars is a colorful place with 715 listed historical attractions according to the Iran Cultural Heritage Organization.

Shiraz Airport is the only international airport of the province. The cities of Lar and Lamard also have airports linking them with Shiraz and Tehran. Shiraz is along the main route from Tehran to southern Iran. Nasir ol Molk mosque, Qajar era, Shiraz. ... Nasir ol Molk mosque, Qajar era, Shiraz. ... Shiraz Airport is found in Shiraz, Iran. ... Tehran is a metropolis of 14 million situated at the foot of the towering Alborz range. ...


Agriculture is of great importance in Fars. The major products include cereal (wheat and barley), citrus fruits, dates, sugar beets and cotton.


Fars has major petrochemical facilities, along with an oil refinery, a factory for producing tires, a large electronics industry, and a sugar mill.


Tourism is also a large industry in the province. Many come to see the superb handicrafts such as the silver smiting, marquette and skill-embroidery of Shiraz; the Giveh weaving of Abadeh; the ceramics in Estahban ; and the rug, jajim (fine carpet made of wool or cotton), and Gelim (carpet made of goats' hair) of Firouzabad. The tribal woven rugs, the rose water made in Firouzabad, the sweets produced in Fasa , and the lime juice and plant essence extracted in Shiraz are of the highest quality. Shirāz (شیراز in Persian) is a city in southwest Iran (Persia) with 1,050,000 inhabitants (1996 census). ... A Kilim (or Kelim) (or Gelim, in Persian), is a flatwoven rug, taking its name from the Turkish word for prayer rug. ... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Firouzabad. ... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Firouzabad. ... Shirāz (شیراز in Persian) is a city in southwest Iran (Persia) with 1,050,000 inhabitants (1996 census). ...


Shiraz is also where a famous Persian ice cream named faloodeh is made as well. Missing image Ice cream is often served on a stick Boxes of ice cream are often found in stores in a display freezer. ...


UNESCO has designated an area in the province, called Arjan (known as Dasht e Arjan) as a biosphere reserve. Arjan could refer to: The Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism. ...


Colleges and universities

Fars province contains the following universities:

Shiraz University of Medical Sciences is a well established medical school of Iran that even admits foreign students. ...

External links

  • Official website of Fars Governorship
  • Cultural Heritage Foundation of Fars Province
  • Official website of Persepolis
  • Fars Chamber of Commerce
  • Fars Regional Library of Sceince and Technology
  • Fars Blood Transfusion Organization (in Persian)
  • Fars Province Department of Planing and Management
  • Fars Province Department of Education (in Persian)
  • Fars Province Department of Labour (in Persian)
  • Kazeroon Mayor's Office
  • Larestan Mayor's Office
  • Shiraz Chamber of Commerce
  • UNESCO Biosphere Reserve of Arjan


Provinces of Iran Flag of Iran
Ardabil | Bushehr | Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari | East Azarbaijan | Isfahan | Fars | Guilan | Golestan | Hamadan | Hormozgan | Ilam | Kerman | Kermanshah | Khuzestan | Kohkiluyeh and Buyer Ahmad | Kurdistan | Lorestan | Markazi | Mazandaran | North Khorasan | Qazvin | Qom | Razavi Khorasan | Semnan | Sistan and Baluchistan | South Khorasan | Tehran | West Azarbaijan | Yazd | Zanjan

 
 

COMMENTARY     

RichRoslyn27
19th September 2010
I received my first business loans when I was 20 and this supported my business a lot. Nevertheless, I require the student loan once more time.

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