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Encyclopedia > Farquhar Oliver

Farquhar Robert Oliver (March 6, 1904-January 22, 1989) was a politician in Ontario, Canada.


Oliver was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario as a United Farmers of Ontario Member of Provincial Parliament in 1926 at the age of 22. In this election, the UFO lost power after its single term in government.


Oliver was re-elected as a UFO MPP in 1929 and was the sole (and last) United Farmers member in the legislature until 1940. In that year, he formally joined the Ontario Liberal Party and the cabinet of Premier Mitchell Hepburn as Minister of Public Works and Welfare after informally supporting the Liberals throughout the 1930s. Oliver quit the cabinet in late October 1942, in protest against Hepburn's leadership of the Liberal Party after Hepburn quit as Premier of Ontario but refused to resign as leader and appointed Gordon Daniel Conant as the new Premier without consulting the party. Oliver's resignation contributed to a crisis that eventually led to the both Hepburn and Conant's resignation and a leadership convention in May 1943 which was won by Harry Nixon. Oliver rejoined the cabinet under new Premier Harry Nixon as Deputy Premier but Nixon's government was short-lived going down to defeat in the October 1943 Ontario election.


Oliver became Liberal leader in 1945 and led the party through the 1948 Ontario election that again reduced the Liberals to third place behind the Tories and Ontario CCF. He resigned the leadership in 1950 and was replaced by Walter Thomson. However, Thomson was unable to win election to the Legislature, so Oliver remained house leader. He became party leader again from 1954 until 1957. Despite his experience, he was never able to lead his party to victory. Farquhar Oliver retired from the legislature in 1967, and died in 1989 at the age of 85.

Ontario Liberal leader
Preceded by:
Mitchell Hepburn
First leadership (1945-1950) Followed by:
Walter Thomson
Preceded by:
Walter Thomson
Second leadership (1954-1957) Followed by:
John Wintermeyer

  Results from FactBites:
 
Farquhar Oliver (387 words)
Oliver was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario as a United Farmers of Ontario Member of Provincial Parliament in the 1926 provincial election at the age of 22.
Oliver was re-elected as a UFO MLA in the 1929 election and was the sole (and last) United Farmers member in the legislature until 1940.
Farquhar Oliver retired from the legislature in 1967, and died in 1989 at the age of 85.
Wired 7.12: The Art of Falling (3917 words)
Farquhar found a way to do it cheaply with a set of trajectories symmetrical with respect to the moon that can be used to shift the orbit around with respect to the sun.
Farquhar is the overall mission manager, but he isn't one for the details of actually running a spacecraft.
Oliver Morton (oliver@dial.pipex.com) writes about science and technology from the shadow of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England; he is working on a book about maps and Mars.
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