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Encyclopedia > Farley Mowat

Farley McGill Mowat OC, BA, D.Litt (born May 12, 1921 in Belleville, Ontario) is a conservationist and one of Canada's most widely-read authors. Sea Shepherd flag flying on the RV Farley Mowat. ... Farley Mowat at Docklands, Melbourne, Australia The R/V Farley Mowat is the flagship of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Societys fleet. ... Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country (Hebrews 11. ... A B.A. issued from the University of Tennessee. ... A Doctor of Letters (Latin: Litterarum doctor; D.Litt) is a university academic degree. ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Belleville (2006 population 48,821, metropolitan population 91,518)[1] is a city located at the mouth of the Moira River on the Bay of Quinte in southeastern Ontario, Canada, in the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor. ... Conservationists are those people who tend to more highly rank the wise use of the Earths resources and ecosystems. ...


Many of his most popular works have been memoirs of his childhood, his war service, and his work as a naturalist. His works have been translated into 52 languages and he has sold more than 14 million books. A movie about his experiences with wolves, titled Never Cry Wolf, was released to widespread popularity in 1983. Never Cry Wolf is a 1983 film adaption of the Farley Mowat (1963) autobiographical book of the same name. ...


The Sea Shepherd Conservation Society ship RV Farley Mowat was named in honor of him, and he frequently visits it to assist its mission. The Sea Shepherd Conservation Society is a non-profit, non-governmental maritime organization founded by Paul Watson in 1977. ... Farley Mowat at Docklands, Melbourne, Australia The R/V Farley Mowat is the flagship of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Societys fleet. ...

Contents

War service

During the Second World War, Mowat was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant into the Second Battalion, Hastings and Prince Edwards Regiment, affectionately known as the Hasty Ps. He later went overseas as a reinforcement officer for that regiment, joining the Canadian Army in the United Kingdom. On 10 July 1943, he was a subaltern in command of a rifle platoon, and participated in the initial landings of Operation Husky, the Allied invasion of Sicily.[1] Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment is a reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Armed Forces. ... Canadian Forces Land Force Command (LF) is responsible for army operations within the Canadian Armed Forces. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Husky was also the codename of Australian military support to Sierra Leone ending in February 2003. ... This article is about the independent states that comprised the Allies. ... Sicily ( in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ...


Mowat served throughout the campaign as a platoon commander, and moved to Italy in September 1943, seeing further combat until December 1943. During the Moro River campaign, he suffered from battle stress, heightened after an incident on Christmas Day outside of Ortona, Italy when he was left weeping at the feet of an unconscious friend who had an enemy bullet in his head. He then accepted a job as Intelligence Officer at battalion headquarters, later moving to Brigade Headquarters. He stayed in Italy as a D-Day Dodger in the 1st Canadian Infantry Division for most of the war, eventually being promoted to the rank of captain. Image from The Great War taken in an Australian Dressing Station near Ypres in 1917. ... Ortona is a coastal town and comune of Chieti province in the Italian region of Abruzzo, 42°21N 14°24E, 72 m (236 ft) above sea-level, with 22,700 inhabitants as of the 2003 census. ... The D-Day Dodgers is a term for those Allied servicemen who fought in Italy during the Second World War, which also inspired a popular wartime soldiers song. ... List of military divisions — List of Canadian divisions in WWII The Canadian 1st Infantry Division was formed at the outbreak of World War I in August 1914. ... Please see Captain for other uses of the term Captain is a military rank used in nearly every army and navy of the world. ...


He moved with the Division to Northwest Europe in early 1945. There, he worked as an intelligence agent in The Netherlands and went through enemy lines to start unofficial negotiations about food drops with General Blaskowitz. The food drops, under the codename Operation Manna, saved thousands of Dutch lives. Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Operation Manna took place from 29 April to 8 May 1945, at the end of World War II. Lancaster bombers of the Royal Air Force dropped food into parts of the occupied Netherlands, with the acquiescence of the occupying German forces, to feed people who were in danger of starvation...


He also formed the 1st Canadian Army Museum Collection Team, according to his book My Father's Son, and arranged for the transport to Canada of several tons of German military equipment, including a V2 rocket and several armoured vehicles. (It is believed that some of these vehicles are on display today at the Canadian Forces Base Borden tank museum.)


Mowat was discharged at the conclusion of the Second World War in 1945 as a Captain, and was considered for promotion to Major, though he turned down the offer as it was incumbent on him volunteering to stay in the military until "no longer needed", which Mowat assumed to mean duty with the Canadian Army Occupation Force (CAOF) but might also have meant the conclusion of the war with Japan.[2]


Literary career

Returning to Canada after the war, Mowat studied biology at the University of Toronto. During a field trip to the Arctic, Mowat became outraged at the plight of the Inuit people (which he attributed to misunderstanding by whites). His outrage led him to publish his first novel, People of the Deer (1952). This book made Mowat into a literary celebrity and was largely responsible for the shift in the Canadian government's Inuit policy: the government began shipping meat and dry goods to a people they previously denied existed. Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology (from Greek: βίος, bio, life; and λόγος, logos, knowledge), also referred to as the biological sciences, is the study of living organisms utilizing the scientific method. ... The University of Toronto (U of T), in Toronto, Ontario, is the largest university in Canada with more than 60,000 students across three campuses. ... For other uses, see Inuit (disambiguation). ... People of the Deer (published in 1952, revised in 1975) is Canadian author Farley Mowats first novel, which brought him literary recognition. ...


This work was followed by a Governor General's Award-winning children's book, Lost in the Barrens (1956), which was about two teenagers — one white, one Cree — lost in the Arctic. The children are able to combine their skills to survive for part of the winter, but ultimately, they almost die before being saved by an Inuit boy whose knowledge of the Arctic supplements their skills. Since their creation in 1937, the Governor Generals Literary Awards have become one of Canadas most prestigious prizes, awarded in both French and English in seven categories: Fiction, Non-fiction, Poetry, Drama, Childrens Literature-Text, Childrens Literature-Illustration, and Translation. ... For other uses, see Cree (disambiguation). ...


Mowat followed up these works with a series of personal memoirs. The Regiment (1955) is a skillful and — unusual for military regimental histories of that era — highly readable account of the regiment he had served in during the Second World War.[3] The Dog Who Wouldn't Be (1957) and Owls in the Family (1961) are hilarious memoirs about his childhood.


Having been trained as a biologist, Mowat took a Canadian government job as biologist in the Arctic. At the time, the government was concerned that the size of caribou herds was shrinking, and they suspected that wolves were eating the caribou, so the best way to protect the caribou would be to kill wolves. Flying into the heart of the wilderness on a small plane, Farley set up an observation camp near a local wolf population. After months of observation, Mowat concluded that, contrary to the ranchers' claims, the wolves mainly ate field mice and only ate old or sick caribou — by killing off the weakest of the caribou, wolves actually strengthened the caribou herd. The white men in the area were, according to Mowat, using the wolves as scapegoats for the decline of the animals, for which they themselves were responsible. Mowat set forth his findings in his 1963 book, Never Cry Wolf, a book which was widely read around the world, and which was one of the major reasons the Soviet Union banned the killing of wolves. Binomial name Rangifer tarandus The reindeer, known as caribou in North America, is an Arctic-dwelling deer (Rangifer tarandus). ... Wolves may refer to: Gray Wolf Other uses of Wolf: see Wolf (disambiguation) Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C. Category: ... For other uses, see Vole (disambiguation). ... Never Cry Wolf is a book by Canadian author Farley Mowat, published in Canada in 1963 by McClelland and Stewart. ...


Mowat then went through a phase of being very interested in Viking voyages to Canada, which resulted in the books Westviking (1965) and The Curse of the Viking Grave (1968). For other uses, see Viking (disambiguation). ...


Mowat then moved to Burgeo, Newfoundland, where he lived for 8 years. He published three books describing his evolving view of his Newfoundland neighbours: in The Rock Within the Sea (1968), he presents Newfoundlanders as a heroic people uncorrupted by modern technology; The Boat Who Wouldn't Float (1969) reflects his disillusionment with a few Newfoundlanders; and, completing his disillusionment, A Whale for the Killing (1972) presents the shooting of a trapped and doomed whale as an inhumane tragedy. He was also co-author for the 1981 film version with Peter Strauss and Richard Widmark. Burgeo is a town and fishing village located on the south coast of Newfoundland on Cabot Strait, seventy-five miles from Port aux Basques, Newfoundland and Labrador. ... This article is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... This article is about the animal. ... Peter Strauss (born February 20, 1947) is an American television and movie actor, best known for his roles in several television miniseries in the 1970s. ... Richard Widmark in Kiss of Death Richard Widmark (born December 26, 1914 in Sunrise, Minnesota) is an Academy Award-nominated American film actor. ...


Mowat published a denunciation of "the destruction of animal life in the north Atlantic" entitled Sea of Slaughter in 1984. In 1985, as a part of the promotional tour for this book, Mowat accepted an invitation to speak at a university in Chico, California. However, U.S. customs officials at Lester B. Pearson International Airport in Toronto denied Mowat entry to the United States. They wouldn't tell him why specifically, but did tell him that it was because of a security file about him that indicated he should be denied entry "for violating any one of 33 statutes" (which ranged from being a member of the Communist Party to being a member of several other radical groups). The result was a media circus, which brought worldwide attention to Mowat. The negative publicity eventually forced the Reagan Administration to decide that Mowat was free to visit the U.S., but Mowat, peeved by being initially refused, declined to visit the U.S. Mowat speculated on the reasons why he was refused entry to the U.S. in his 1985 book, My Discovery of America. Nickname: Location of Chico in California Coordinates: , Country State County Settled 1843 Founded 1860 Incorporated January 8, 1872 Government  - Mayor Andrew Holcombe  - City Council Scott Gruendl Steve Bertagna Larry Wahl Ann Schwab Mary Flynn Tom Nickell  - City Manager Area  - City 71. ... Toronto Pearson International Airport, located in Mississauga, Ontario, immediately west of Toronto, is Canadas busiest and largest airport. ... In modern usage, the term communist party is generally used to identify any political party which has adopted communist ideology. ... President Reagan, with his Cabinet and staff, in the Oval Office (February 4, 1981) Headed by U.S. President Ronald Reagan from 1981 to 1989, the Reagan Administration was conservative, steadfastly anti-Communist and in favor of tax cuts and smaller government. ...


Then, Mowat became very interested in Dian Fossey, the American ethologist who studied gorillas and who was brutally murdered in Rwanda in 1985. Mowat published two books about Fossey: Virunga: The Passion of Dian Fossey (1987) and Woman in the Mists (1987) (an allusion to Fossey's book Gorilla in the Mists (1983)). Dian Fossey (January 16, 1932 – December 27, 1985) was an American Zoologist who completed an extended study of several gorilla groups. ... Ethology is the scientific study of animal behaviour (particularly of social animals such as primates and canids), and is a branch of zoology. ...


In the 1990s and 2000s, Mowat's works have mainly consisted of recombinations of themes he had previously dealt with. Thus, he returns to his childhood in My Father's Son (1992) and Born Naked (1993). He returns to the Canadian Arctic in High Latitudes: An Arctic Journey (2002) (an account of a 1966 trek in northern Canada) and No Man's River (2004) (an account of an Arctic adventure he took in 1947). In Rescue the Earth: Conversations (1990), Mowat continued his work as an environmental advocate. In The Farfarers (2000), Mowat returned to the theme of pre-Columbian interactions between Europe and North America. In Bay of Spirits: A Love Story (2006) he returns to stories from his travels to St. Pierre and the southwest coast of Newfoundland in the early 1960's. These events have already led to This Rock Within the Sea: A Heritage Lost (1968), The Boat Who Wouldn't Float (1969), and A Whale for the Killing (1972). However, the 2006 effort adds many new personal details as well as fresh accounts of sailing the southwest coast and meeting its inhabitants that were not included in the previous works from this time period in his life. In 2007, Mowat became actively involved with the Green Party of Canada, adding his name to the party's fundraising letters. Map of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon Saint-Pierre is the capital of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon. ... This article is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ...


Mowat currently lives in Port Hope, Ontario and spends summers on a farm in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. Port Hope is a municipality in Ontario, Canada, about 100 km east of Toronto and about 150 km west of Kingston filled with crack addicts. ... For other uses, see Cape Breton. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit(Latin) One defends and the other conquers Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English, Canadian Gaelic Government - Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis - Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 11 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867...


Order of Canada

In 1981, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country (Hebrews 11. ...


Criticism

Mowat has encountered controversy in the media, especially after he was in the forefront of protest against American cruise missile testing in Canada. His activism famously led Ronald Reagan's administration to deny him entry from Canada to the U.S. for a routine speaking engagement; but the resultant public outcry in the U.S. eventually forced the Reagan administration to back down. A Taurus KEPD 350 cruise missile of the Luftwaffe A cruise missile is a guided missile which uses a lifting wing and most often a jet propulsion system to allow sustained flight. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ...


The Toronto Star has written that Mowat's memoirs are at least partially fictional. In a 1968 interview with CBC Radio, Farley admitted that he doesn't let the facts get in the way of the truth (Canada Reads). Once, when Mowat said that he had spent two summers and a winter studying wolves, the Toronto Star wrote that Mowat had only spent 90 hours studying the wolves. This hurt Mowat's reputation. The Toronto Star is Canadas highest-circulation newspaper, though its print edition is distributed almost entirely within Ontario. ... CBC Radio One is the English language news and information radio network of the publicly-owned Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... Canada Reads is an annual battle of the books competition organized and broadcast by Canadas public broadcaster, the CBC. Overview During Canada Reads, five personalities champion five different books, each champion extolling the merits of one of the titles over a series of five programs. ...


An article in the May, 1996 issue of Saturday Night written by John Goddard lays out a somewhat more in-depth criticism of Farley's celebrated works, especially Never Cry Wolf. As a result of these kinds of persistent and recurring claims, it's difficult to say with authority whether some of Farley's books, billed by many as non-fiction, are just that. Saturday Night is a Canadian general interest magazine. ... Never Cry Wolf is a book by Canadian author Farley Mowat, published in Canada in 1963 by McClelland and Stewart. ...


Affiliations

In recent years, Mowat has become a supporter of the Green Party of Canada and the party sent a direct mail fundraising appeal in his name in June 2007. The Green Party of Canada is a Canadian federal political party founded in 1983. ... Direct marketing is a form of marketing that attempts to send its messages directly to consumers, often without the use of intervening media. ...


Writings by Farley Mowat

  • People of the Deer (1952; revised 1975) ISBN 0-89190-818-8
  • The Regiment (1955)
  • Lost in the Barrens (1956) ISBN 0-553-27525-9
  • The Dog Who Wouldn't Be (1957) ISBN 0-553-27928-9
  • Coppermine Journey: An Account of a Great Adventure (1958)
  • Grey Seas Under: The Perilous Rescue Missions of a North Atlantic Salvage Tug (1959)
  • The Desperate People (1959; revised 1999)
  • Ordeal by Ice (1960)
  • Owls in the Family (1961)
  • The Serpent's Coil: An Incredible Story of Hurricane-Battered ships the Heroic Men Who Fought to Save Them (1961)
  • The Black Joke (1962)
  • Never Cry Wolf (1963) filmed in 1983
  • Westviking (1965)
  • The Curse of the Viking Grave (1966) ISBN 0-553-27525-9
  • Canada North (1967)
  • The Polar Passion (1967)
  • This Rock Within the Sea: A Heritage Lost (1968)
  • The Boat Who Wouldn't Float (1969) ISBN 0-553-27788-X
  • The Siberians (1970) ISBN 0-1400-3456-0
  • Sibir: My Discovery of Siberia (1970)
  • World of Farley Mowat (1970)
  • A Whale for the Killing (1972)
  • Tundra: Selections from the Great Accounts of Arctic Land Voyages (1973)
  • Wake of the Great Sealers (1973)
  • The Snow Walker (1975) ISBN 0-7704-2209-8 short story Walk Well, My Brother filmed in 2003
  • Canada North Now: The Great Betrayal (1976)
  • And No Birds Sang (1979)
  • Sea of Slaughter (1984)
  • My Discovery of America (1985) ISBN 0-87113-050-5
  • Virunga: The Passion of Dian Fossey (1987)
  • Woman in the Mists: The Story of Dian Fossey (1987)
  • The New Founde Land (1989)
  • My Father's Son (1993)
  • Born Naked (1994) ISBN 0-395-73528-9
  • Aftermath: Travels in a Post-War World (1995)
  • Rescue the Earth!: Conversations with the Green Crusaders (1998)
  • The Farfarers: Before the Norse (1998 - Reprint 2000) ISBN 1-883642-56-6
  • The Alban Quest The Search for a Lost Tribe (1999) ISBN 0-297-84295-1
  • Walking on the land (2000) ISBN 1-58642-024-0
  • High Latitudes: An Arctic Journey (2002) ISBN 1-58642-061-5
  • No Man's River (2004)
  • Bay of Spirits: A Love Story (2006) ISBN 0-7710-6538-8

People of the Deer (published in 1952, revised in 1975) is Canadian author Farley Mowats first novel, which brought him literary recognition. ... The cover of the 22nd edition of Lost in the Barrens (hard cover) Lost in the Barrens is the third of Farley Mowat novels, published in 1956. ... The Grey Seas Under is a non-fiction book by well known Canadian author Farley Mowat about the Atlantic Salvage_Tug Foundation Franklin, operated by the firm Foundation Maritime in Canadas Maritime provinces from 1930 to 1948. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Never Cry Wolf is a book by Canadian author Farley Mowat, published in Canada in 1963 by McClelland and Stewart. ... Never Cry Wolf is a 1983 film adaption of the Farley Mowat (1963) autobiographical book of the same name. ... Curse of the Viking Grave is the fourteenth of Farley Mowat novels, published in 1966. ... My Discovery of America is a book by Canadian author Farley Mowat, which recounts his troubles trying to enter the United States. ...

External links

  • Order of Canada Citation
  • Farley Mowat at the Internet Movie Database
  • Northern Exposure (Salon.com)
  • Canada Reads profile

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ...

Notes

  1. ^ And No Birds Sang, p. 7
  2. ^ My Father's Son, p. 359
  3. ^ Regimental histories written in the 1950s and 1960s tended to be focused at military readers and often used much jargon. Mowat's book is remarkable for flowing like a novel (with a novelist's eye for capturing emotional detail) while still chronicling the important historical facts of the regiments' service.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Farley Mowat - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1631 words)
Farley McGill Mowat OC, BA, D.Litt (born May 12, 1921 in Belleville, Ontario) is one of the most widely-read Canadian authors.
Great-grand-nephew of Ontario premier Sir Oliver Mowat, Farley Mowat was born in 1921 in Belleville, Ontario.
Mowat has encountered criticism in the media, especially after he was in the forefront of protest against American cruise missile testing in Canada.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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