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Encyclopedia > Farce
Look up farce in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

A farce is a comedy written for the stage, or a film, which aims to entertain the audience by means of unlikely and extravagant—yet often possible—situations, disguise and mistaken identity, verbal humour of varying degrees of sophistication, which may include puns and sexual innuendo, and a fast-paced plot whose speed usually increases even further towards the end of the play, often involving an elaborate chase scene. Broad physical humour, and deliberate absurdity or nonsense, are also commonly employed in farce. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (from wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Comedy has a classical meaning (comical theatre) and a popular one (the use of humour with an intent to provoke[[ laughter in general). ... Entertainment is an amusement or diversion intended to hold the attention of an audience or its participants. ... Eccentric is from the Greek for out of the centre, as opposed to concentric, in the centre. ... Look up humour in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that dajare be merged into this article or section. ... Look up Innuendo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up plot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Contents

Characteristics

As opposed to romantic comedies, farces usually do not contain a traditional plot involving frustrated young lovers who eventually surmount all obstacles. Rather, they frequently focus on a transgression or on a character's urge to hide something from the other characters, and the unforeseen chain reaction that results. In staged farce there is usually only one setting throughout the play, often the drawing room of a family home which has numerous doors (and possibly French windows) leading to bedrooms, the kitchen, cupboards, and the garden. Alternatively, the setting can be a hotel or hospital room or an office. Film farces are typically much more expansive in the use of space. Transgression refers to an action that breaks some code or set of rules, that is, goes across or against basic assumptions or norms. ... Dariush Grand Hotel,Kish island, Iran The 4-star Manor House Hotel at Castle Combe, Wiltshire, England. ... A physician visiting the sick in a hospital. ... An office is a room or other area in which people work, but may also denote a position within an organisation with specific duties attached to it (see officer, office-holder, official); the latter is in fact an earlier usage, office as place originally referring to the location of one...


Having no time to step back and consider what they have been doing or will be doing next, the character who has something to hide soon passes the point of no return, erroneously believing that any course of action is preferable to being found out or admitting the truth themselves. This way they get deeper and deeper into trouble. The protagonist is usually presented sympathetically, encouraging the audience to identify with them and hope for their success. The point of no return, or the Rubicon, is the point beyond which someone, or some group of people, must continue on their current course of action. ...


This "skeleton in the closet" may be real or merely a misunderstanding or misinterpretation of facts. It is sometimes a secret which concerns the immediate present or the long-forgotten past and has just re-emerged and started to threaten the main character's security or peace and quiet. The secret typically reflects the social mores of the time: In the late 19th century, it might be a woman lying about her real age, or a man having fathered an illegitimate child. In the 20th century, it was mainly infidelity[citation needed], with the protagonist trying to prevent their extra-marital affair from becoming publicly known. Mores are strongly held norms or customs. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... In a religious context, infidelity is an absence of faith in the beliefs or teachings of a religion, such that one who lacks such faith is an infidel. ...


Many farces move at a frantic pace toward the climax, in which the initial problem is resolved one way or another, often through a deus ex machina twist of the plot. Generally, there is a happy ending. The convention of poetic justice is not always observed: The protagonist may get away with what he or she has been trying to hide at all costs, even if it is a criminal act. Deus ex machina is a Latin phrase that is used to describe an unexpected, artificial, or improbable character, device, or event introduced suddenly in a work of fiction or drama to resolve a situation or untangle a plot (e. ... Poetic Justice is a 1993 drama/romance film starring Tupac Shakur and Janet Jackson and directed by John Singleton. ...


Farce in general is highly tolerant of transgressive behavior, and tends to depict human beings as vain, irrational, venal, infantile, and prone to automatism. In that respect, farce is a natural companion of satire. Farce is, in fact, not merely a genre but a highly flexible dramatic mode that often occurs in combination with other forms, including romantic comedy. Farce is considered to be a theatre tradition.


As far as ridiculous, far-fetched situations, quick and witty repartee, and broad physical humor are concerned, farce is widely employed in TV sitcoms, in silent film comedy, and in screwball comedy. See also bedroom farce. Look up Wit in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Wit is a form of intellectual humor, based on manipulation of concepts; a wit is someone who excels in witty remarks, typically in conversation and spontaneously, since wit carries the connotation of speed of thought. ... A sitcom or situation comedy is a genre of comedy performance originally devised for radio but today typically found on television. ... The screwball comedy has proven to be one of the most elusive of the film genres. ... The term may refer to Bedroom farce -- a genre of comedy Bedroom Farce -- a comedy by Alan Ayckbourn. ...


Japan has a centuries-old tradition of farce plays called Kyogen. These plays are performed as comic relief during the long, serious Noh plays. Kyogen (Japanese: 狂言 Kyōgen, literally mad words or wild speech) is a form of traditional Japanese theater. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Representative examples: A chronology

Britain

Look up anonymous in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Second Shepherds Play is a famous medieval mystery play from the Wakefield Cycle. ... Christopher (Kit) Marlowe (baptised 26 February 1564 – 30 May 1593?) was an English dramatist, poet, and translator of the Elizabethan era. ... The Jew of Malta is an antisemetic play by Christopher Marlowe, probably written in 1589 or 1590. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Comedy of Errors is an early play by William Shakespeare, written between 1592 and 1594. ... Arthur Wing Pinero (24 May 1855- 23 November 1934) was an English dramatist. ... Brandon Thomas (December 24, 1850 - June 19, 1914), British actor and playwright who wrote the play Charleys Aunt (1892). ... W. S. Penley as the first Charleys Aunt, Donna Lucia d’Alvadorez, performed at the Theatre Royal, Bury St Edmunds in 1892. ... Oscar Fingal OFlahertie Wills Wilde (October 16, 1854 – November 30, 1900) was an Irish playwright, novelist, poet, and short story writer. ... The Importance of Being Earnest The Importance of Being Earnest is a play by Oscar Wilde, a comedy of manners in either three or four acts (depending on edition) inspired by W. S. Gilberts Engaged. ... Ben Travers (12 November 1886 - 12 December 1980) CBE, was a British playwright most famous for his farces. ... A Princess of Mars is an Edgar Rice Burroughs science fiction novel, the first of his famous Barsoom series. ... Noel Coward Sir Noel Peirce Coward (December 16, 1899 – March 26, 1973) was an English actor, playwright, and composer of popular music. ... For the play, see Hay Fever. ... Present Laughter is a comedic play written by Noel Coward and first staged in 1939 as part of a double bill with his lower middle-class domestic drama This Happy Breed; in 1941 the double bill was expanded to include Cowards new play Blithe Spirit. ... See How They Run is a play written in 1945 by Philip King. ... Joe Orton Joe Orton (Born: John Kingsley Orton 1 January 1933, Leicester, England. ... Loot is a play by Joe Orton. ... This article might not be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ... Michael Pertwee (24 April 1916-19 April 1991) was a British playwright and screenwriter. ... Dont Just Lie There, Say Something! is a 1973 British film based on the popular Whitehall Farce written by Michael Pertwee, who also wrote the screenplay. ... Sir Alan Ayckbourn CBE (born April 12, 1939) is a popular and prolific English playwright. ... John Marwood Cleese (born October 27, 1939) is an Academy Award-nominated and Emmy winning English comedian and actor most famous for being one of the founding members of the renowned comedy group Monty Python. ... Fawlty Towers was a British sitcom made by the BBC and first broadcast on BBC2 in 1975. ... John Chapman may be: Johnny Appleseed - Ecologist John Herbert Chapman - Space Researcher John Chapman (footballer) - Association Football manager John Chapman (evangelist) John T Chapman (writer) - British TV writer John Chapman OSB – 4th Abbot of Downside Abbey, Somerset This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share... Derek Benfield (born March 11, 1926) was a British playwright, and actor. ... Michael Frayn (born 8 September 1933) is an English playwright and novelist. ... Noises Off is a 1982 British play by Michael Frayn. ... Nigel Williams may refer to: Nigel Williams (author) Nigel Williams (hockey) ... In a varied career in the entertainment industry Miles Tredinnick (born February 18, 1955) has been a rock singer, TV comedy scriptwriter, songwriter, playwright, novelist and tour guide. ... Laugh? I Nearly Went to Miami! is a stage comedy by Miles Tredinnick. ... In a varied career in the entertainment industry Miles Tredinnick (born February 18, 1955) has been a rock singer, TV comedy scriptwriter, songwriter, playwright, novelist and tour guide. ... Its Now or Never! is a stage comedy written by Miles Tredinnick. ... English playwright and actor, born 1932. ... Funny Money is one of the many farces written by Ray Cooney. ...

France

Le Garçon et laveugle (The Boy and the Blind Man) is the name of a 13th century French play; considered the oldest surviving French literature farce, it is by an anonymous author. ... Molière, engraved on the frontispiece to his Works. ... Tartuffe is a comedy by Molière. ... Georges Feydeau, (8 December 1862-5 June 1921) was a French playwright of the era known as La Belle Epoque. ... Octave Mirbeau Octave Mirbeau (February 16, 1848 in Trévières - February 16, 1917) was a French journalist, art critic, pamphleteer, novelist, and playwright, who achieved celebrity in Europe and great success among the public, while still appealing to the literary and artistic avant-garde. ... Marc Camoletti (Swiss architect) Marc Camoletti (French playwright) ... Boeing Boeing a classic farce (1960) by French author Marc Camoletti; Categories: | | ... Jean Poiret, born Jean Poiré, (August 17, 1926 - March 14, 1992) was a French actor, director, and scenario writer. ... La Cage aux Folles is a Tony Award-winning musical with a book by Harvey Fierstein and lyrics and music by Jerry Herman. ...

Germany

In a varied career in the entertainment industry Miles Tredinnick (born February 18, 1955) has been a rock singer, TV comedy scriptwriter, songwriter, playwright, novelist and tour guide. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Laugh? I Nearly Went To Miami!. (Discuss) Rudolf Otahal and Birgit Machalissa in ...Und Morgen Fliegen Wir Nach Miami is the German version of the English comedy stage play Laugh? I Nearly Went To Miami! by Miles Tredinnick. ...

Russia

Nikolai Gogol by Alexander Ivanov Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol (Russian: IPA: ) (April 1, 1809 — March 4, 1852) was a Russian-language writer of Ukrainian origin. ... The Inspector General or The Government Inspector (in Russian, Ревизор) is a satirical play by 19th century Russian playwright and novelist Nikolai Gogol, published and produced in 1836. ... The house in Taganrog where Chekhov was born Anton Pavlovich Chekhov (Russian: , IPA: ) was a Russian physician, short story writer, and playwright. ... Anton Chekhov, a Russian author of the late 1800s, is one of the worlds major playwrights. ...

United States


  Results from FactBites:
 
Arafat's Bedroom Farce - article by Daniel Pipes (1425 words)
Arafat's Bedroom Farce - article by Daniel Pipes
Yet his farcical death-scene provides perhaps the appropriate coda to an unworthy life.
The farce is complete, and Arafat dies as wretchedly as he lived.
farce. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (247 words)
The farce emerged as a separate genre in 15th-century France with such plays as the anonymous La farce de Maître Pierre Pathelin (c.1470).
In England two of the earliest and best-known farces are Ralph Roister Doister (1566) and Shakespeare’s Comedy of Errors (c.1593).
In the 20th cent., farce found new expression in the films of Charlie Chaplin, the Keystone Kops, and the Marx Brothers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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