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Encyclopedia > Far left
French far left groups marching on May 1, 2007; including members of Lutte Ouvrière, Confédération nationale du travail and flags of Cuba
French far left groups marching on May 1, 2007; including members of Lutte Ouvrière, Confédération nationale du travail and flags of Cuba

Far left and extreme left are terms used to discuss the position a group or person occupies within a political spectrum.The terms far left and far right are often used to imply that someone is an extremist. Some groups considered to be far left do not wish to govern within the current institutional framework, and this may be what distinguishes them from other left-leaning groups. However, these terms are controversial because the labels are considered by some to be subjective based upon the perspective of those who consider themselves "centrists" or slightly left or right of center with an underlying assumption that anything more radical than those views is 'extreme' or wrong. The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Radical Left can refer to: 18th century Radicalism was a separate ideology, which was absorbed into liberalism and socialism. ... The term Radical (latin radix meaning root) was used from the late 18th century for proponents of the Radical Movement and has since been used as a label in political science for those favouring or trying to produce thoroughgoing political reforms which can include changes to the social order to... Far left is a vague term used to refer to people or ideas falling into the general category of left wing which the speaker considers to be extreme. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The CNT-F (Confédération nationale du travail) or National Confederation of Labour is a French anarcho-syndicalist union. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A political spectrum is a way of visualizing different political positions. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into far right. ... Extremism is a term used to describe the actions or ideologies of individuals or groups outside the perceived political center of a society; or otherwise claimed to violate common standards of ethics and reciprocity. ...


In the current context, those labelled far left tend to posit class struggle as the central feature of modern politics. The term far left has been associated with ideologies such as communism, social anarchism, anarchist communism, left communism, anarcho-syndicalism, Marxist-Leninism, Trotskyism and Maoism.[1][2][3] Some groups and organisations on the left define themselves as revolutionary socialist. The South African Police Crush Another Demonstration by the Shack dwellers Movement Abahlali baseMjondolo, 28 September, 2007 Class struggle is the active expression of class conflict looked at from any kind of socialist perspective. ... This article is about the form of society and political movement. ... Social anarchism is a term self-applied by many anarchists of the libertarian socialist thread of anarchism. ... Libertarian Communism redirects here. ... Left Communism is a term describing a whole range of communist viewpoints which oppose the political ideas of the Bolsheviks from a position which is asserted to be more authentically Marxist and proletarian than the views held by the Communist International after its first two Congresses. ... Anarcho-syndicalism is a branch of anarchism which focuses on the labour movement. ... Marxism-Leninism, strictly speaking, refers to the version of Marxist theory developed by Vladimir Lenin; see Leninism. ... Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. ... Ideologies Communist internationals Prominent communists Related subjects Communism Portal Maoism or Mao Zedong Thought (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ), is a variant of Communism derived from the teachings of the late Chinese leader Mao Zedong (Wade-Giles Romanization: Mao Tse-tung). Marxism consists of thousands of truths, but they all... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The terms far left and far right are based on the assumption that political views can be coherently divided according to a left-right spectrum. Therefore, the terms have been criticized by groups that believe politics is not one-dimensional, and that there are more than two kinds of political extremes.

Contents

History and usage

The origin of left as a political term is the seating arrangements in the French National Assembly during the French Revolution. The most radical of the Jacobins were seated on the far left of the chamber. The term Jacobin was used to describe far left people throughout much of the 19th century. Since then, the term far left has been used to describe persons or groups who hold radical egalitarian views and support radical social and political change. The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      The National Assembly is either a legislature, or the lower house of a bicameral legislature in some countries. ... The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... It has been suggested that Jacobin/Sandbox be merged into this article or section. ... Egalitarianism (derived from the French word égal, meaning equal or level) is a political doctrine that holds that all people should be treated as equals from birth. ...


Similar terms

During the 19th century, the term radical was used by progressive liberals to distance themselves from classical liberals, which explains why some centre-left political parties today have radical in their names, such as Denmark's Det Radikale Venstre (which literally translates into English as "the radical left"), and France's Left Radical Party. In the 20th century, the definition of radical was revised in response to the models of communism and the Soviet Union. At that time, the political term radical often implied Marxism of some kind. Since the early 20th century, radical left has been used as an umbrella term to describe those on the political left who adhere explicitly and openly to revolutionary socialism, communism, or anarchism. In this context, it generally does not include democratic socialists, social democrats, liberals, nor others working in electoral politics, since the radical qualifier tends to denote a revolutionary fervor. The term Radical (latin radix meaning root) was used from the late 18th century for proponents of the Radical Movement and has since been used as a label in political science for those favouring or trying to produce thoroughgoing political reforms which can include changes to the social order to... For other uses, see Progressivism (disambiguation). ... Classical liberalism (also known as traditional liberalism[1] and laissez-faire liberalism[2]) is a doctrine stressing the importance of human rationality, individual property rights, natural rights, the protection of civil liberties, constitutional limitations of government, free markets, and individual freedom from restraint as exemplified in the writings of Adam... In politics, the term centre-left is commonly used to describe and denote political parties or organisations that stretch from the centre to the left or are moderately left-wing, as opposed to extreme left wing beliefs such as communism. ... A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... Det Radikale Venstre (literally: The Radical Left, but officially translated by the party as Danish Social Liberal Party), is a social liberal party in Denmark. ... The Left Radical Party (French: or PRG) is a minor French centre-left, social-liberal party with moderate views, formed in 1972 by a split from the Radical, Republican and Radical-Socialists Party, once the dominant party of the French left. ... This article is about the form of society and political movement. ... Marxism is both the theory and the political practice (that is, the praxis) derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. ... An umbrella term is a word that provides a superset or grouping of related concepts, also called a hypernym. ... Left wing redirects here. ... Flag of the Revolutionary Socialists Revolutionary Socialism is a political ideology based on the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels advocating the revolutionary yet democratic liberation of the Proletariat. ... Anarchist redirects here. ... Democratic socialism advocates socialism as a basis for the economy and democracy as a governing principle. ... Democratic socialism advocates socialism as a basis for the economy and democracy as a governing principle. ... Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... This article is about the political process. ... -1...


The term ultra-leftism, which originated in the 1920s, is sometimes used in the same way as far left, but also has a more specific meaning within the context of Marxism. The term hard left is sometimes used in the same way, but also has a specific meaning within the British Labour Party; a meaning that was used in particular in the 1980s. Ultra-leftism is a term used initially to the Ultra Left current of Marxist communism closely related to council communism and left communism and, later, to identify and criticise positions, especially by those within the mainstream historical Marxist parties, to describe a position which is adopted without taking notice of... Marxism is both the theory and the political practice (that is, the praxis) derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. ... Far left is a vague term used to refer to people or ideas falling into the general category of left wing which the speaker considers to be extreme. ... The Labour Party is a centre-left or social democratic political party in Britain (see British politics), and one of the United Kingdoms three main political parties. ...


Varying usage in different national contexts

English-speaking countries

In the 2000s, in nations where communist or socialist parties are not part of the political mainstream, such as the United States, the term far left can simply mean to the left of the most left-wing member of the legislature. For much of the English-speaking world - especially Australia and the United States - far left is sometimes a pejorative term to indicate that a person is extreme or on the fringe in their left-wing views. Commentators like Bill O'Reilly refer to politicans like John Edwards and sites like Media Matters for America as "far-left". A Legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to create, amend and ratify laws. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Extremism is the act of taking a belief, political view or ideology to its most literal extreme. ... Left wing redirects here. ... It has been suggested that Bill OReilly political beliefs and points of view be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the American attorney and politician. ... Screenshot from Media Matters for America (Jan 6, 2006) Media Matters for America (or MMfA) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded in 2004 by journalist and author David Brock. ...


France

In France, the term extrême-gauche is the accepted term for Trotskyists, anarchists, Maoists and New Leftists, for example in reporting election results. The French Communist Party is not considered far left. Dictionnaire de l'extrême gauche ('Dictionary of the Far Left') by Serge Cosseron defines 'far left' as "all movements situated to the left of the Communist Party".[4] Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. ... Anarchists can refer to several things, among which: The movie Anarchists Supporters of the principles of anarchism The Anarchists (Les Anarchistes), a famous song from Léo Ferré A List of anarchists This is a disambiguation page—a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Maoism or Mao Zedong Thought (Chinese: 毛澤東思想, pinyin: Máo Zédōng Sīxiǎng), also called Marxism-Leninism–Mao Zedong Thought or Marxism-Leninism-Maoism (MLM), is a variant of communism derived from the teachings of Mao Zedong (1893–1976). ... The New Left were the left-wing movements in different countries in the 1960s and 1970s that, unlike the earlier leftist focus on union activism, instead adopted a broader definition of political activism commonly called social activism. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


Italy

The The Left - The Rainbow coalition has described itself as "radical left".


References

  1. ^ Loren Goldner and others: Left Communism and Trotskyism
  2. ^ Blanance Sheet of the Far Left in Quebec, Socialist History Project
  3. ^ e.g. Left Communism in Australia, by J.A. Dawson Thesis 11
  4. ^ Cosseron, Serge (ed.). Le dictionnaire de l'extrême gauche. Paris: Larousse, 2007. p. 20

This article is about the capital of France. ... Larousse can refer to: Grand Larousse encyclopédique Larousse Encyclopedia of Mythology Larousse Gastronomique Pierre Larousse Petit Larousse Category: ...

See also

Anarchist redirects here. ... Extremism is a term used to describe the actions or ideologies of individuals or groups outside the perceived political center of a society; or otherwise claimed to violate common standards of ethics and reciprocity. ... This article is about the form of society and political movement. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into far right. ... This is a glossary of the French Revolution. ... An ideology is an organized collection of ideas. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Left-Right politics or the Left-Right political spectrum is a common way of classifying political positions, political ideologies, or political parties along a one-dimensional political spectrum. ... Left wing redirects here. ... The following is a list of active left-wing political parties. ... The Nolan Chart is a political diagram popularized by the American libertarian David Nolan. ... The chart proposed by the Political Compass Organization A political compass or political diamond is a multi-axis model used to label or organize political thought on several dimensions. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A political spectrum is a way of visualizing different political positions. ... Right wing redirects here. ... Socialism refers to the goal of a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community. ... Ultra-leftism is a term used initially to the Ultra Left current of Marxist communism closely related to council communism and left communism and, later, to identify and criticise positions, especially by those within the mainstream historical Marxist parties, to describe a position which is adopted without taking notice of... Worlds Smallest Political Quiz The Worlds Smallest Political Quiz is a 10-question quiz designed as an outreach and educational tool by the Advocates for Self-Government, created by Marshall Fritz. ...

 
 

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