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Encyclopedia > Fantasia (movie)

Fantasia is a 1940 motion picture, the third in the Disney animated features canon, which was a Walt Disney experiment in animation and music. The soundtrack of the film consists of seven pieces of classical music, played by the Philadelphia Orchestra under the direction of Leopold Stokowski. Animated artwork of varying degrees of abstraction or literalism is used illustrate or accompany the concert in various ways. The film also includes live-action segments featuring Stokowski, an orchestra, and Deems Taylor, a music scholar who serves as the host for the film. Besides its avant-garde qualities, Fantasia was notable for being the first major film released in stereophonic (later surround) sound, using a process dubbed "Fantasound". 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as part of... This is a list of animated feature films produced by Walt Disney Productions/The Walt Disney Company: Official canon The following is a list of the forty-four feature films officially part of the Walt Disney Feature Animation (WDFA) canon. ... Walt Disney - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Animation is the technique in which each frame of a film or movie is produced individually, whether generated as a computer graphic, or by photographing a drawn image, or by repeatedly making small changes to a model (see claymation and stop motion), and then photographing the result. ... Classical music is music considered classical, as sophisticated and refined, in a regional tradition. ... The Philadelphia Orchestra, based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is one of the United States major orchestras and one of the finest in the world. ... Leopold Stokowski Leopold Stokowski (April 18, 1882 - September 13, 1977) (born Antoni Stanisław Bolesławowicz) was the conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the NBC Symphony Orchestra and the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra. ... Leopold Stokowski Leopold Stokowski (April 18, 1882 - September 13, 1977) (born Antoni Stanisław Bolesławowicz) was the conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the NBC Symphony Orchestra and the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra. ... Deems Taylor (born Joseph Taylor) (1885 - 1966) was a U.S. composer and music critic. ... A work similar to Marcel Duchamps Fountain Avant garde (written avant-garde) is a French phrase, one of many French phrases used by English speakers. ... Surround sound is the concept of expanding the spatial imaging of audio playback from 1 dimension (mono/Left-Right) to 2D or 3D. This is often performed for a more realistic audio environment, actively implemented in cinema sound systems, technical theatre, home entertainment, video arcades, computer gaming, and a growing... Fantasound was an early stereophonic sound process developed by William E. Garity for the Walt Disney studio in 1940 for the motion picture Fantasia, making Fantasia the first commercial film with multichannel sound. ...


Originally released by Walt Disney Productions (without then-distributor RKO Radio Pictures) as a roadshow film with booked engagements, RKO eventually picked up Fantasia for release in 1941 and edited the film drastically the following year. Future re-releases restored various amounts of the deleted footage, with the most common version being the 1947 re-release edit. The original version of Fantasia was never released again after 1941, and although some of the original audio elements no longer exist, a 2000 DVD release version attempted to restore as much of the original version of the film as possible. Alternate meanings: Disney (disambiguation) The Walt Disney Company (also known as Disney Enterprises, Inc. ... The classic logo of RKO Radio Pictures. ... RoadShow is a Hong Kong media company that provides entertainment and advertisements to buses for passengers. ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... DVD is an optical disc storage media format that can be used for storing data, including movies with high video and sound quality. ...

Contents

Music program

The musical pieces used in the film:

Most of the works played in the film are program music; that is, instrumental music that depicts actual events in sound. However, the Disney program is generally not the same as the original. Stravinsky's ballet was about the dances and rituals of the pagan ancestors of the Russians, not about dinosaurs. Beethoven meant to depict a joyous and inspiring visit to the Austrian countryside, not classical mythology. Schubert's music was composed as a song (1825) for single voice and piano ("Ellens dritter Gesang"; "Ellen's third song"), with German words translated by Adam Storck from Sir Walter Scott's The Lady of the Lake. In the song, the character Ellen prays to the Virgin Mary while in hiding. The song was subsequently reset to the Latin prayer Ave Maria. Johann Sebastian Bach, 1748 portrait by Elias Gottlob Haussmann Johann Sebastian Bach (March 21, 1685[1] (O.S.) – July 28, 1750[2] (N.S.)) was a German composer and organist of the Baroque period, and is universally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time. ... Toccata and Fugue in D Minor is the name of two different pieces by Johann Sebastian Bach: BWV 538 and BWV 565. ... Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky  listen (Russian: Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский, sometimes transliterated as Piotr, Anglicised as Peter Ilich), (May 7, 1840 – November 6, 1893 (N.S.); April 25, 1840 – October 25, 1893 (O.S.)) was a Russian composer of the Romantic era. ... A performance of The Nutcracker The story of The Nutcracker and the Mouse King was written by E. T. A. Hoffmann. ... Paul Dukas (October 1, 1865 – May 17, 1935) was a French composer of classical music. ... The Sorcerers Apprentice is the English name of both an 1897 symphonic poem by Paul Dukas (Lapprenti sorcier in French), and of a 1797 ballad by Goethe (Der Zauberlehrling in German), which inspired the musical work. ... Mickeys most recognizable look has him wearing red shorts and yellow shoes. ... Igor Fyodorovitch Stravinsky (Russian: ) (June 17, 1882 – April 6, 1971) was a Russian-American composer of modern classical music. ... The Rite of Spring is a ballet with music by the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky. ... Orders Saurischia    Sauropodomorpha    Theropoda Ornithischia Dinosaurs are reptiles that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for most of their 165-million year existence. ... Ludwig van Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven (baptized December 17, 1770 – March 26, 1827) was a German composer of Classical music, the predominant musical figure in the transitional period between the Classical and Romantic eras. ... Ludwig van Beethovens Symphony No. ... Guido Reni, Abduction of Deianira, 1620-21 In Greek mythology, the centaurs ( Greek: Κένταυροι) are a race part human and part horse, with a horses body and a human head and torso. ... In Roman mythology, fauns were place-spirits (genii) of untamed woodland. ... Classical mythology usually refers to the religious legends and practices of classical antiquity: Greek mythology; Roman mythology; Greek religion; and Roman religion. ... Amilcare Ponchielli (August 31, 1834 _ January 17, 1886) was an Italian composer. ... Allan Sherman (also Alan), November 30, 1924 - November 20, 1973, was an American song parodist, satirist, singer, and TV producer. ... Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky (Russian: Моде́ст Петро́вич Му́соргский) (March 21, 1839 – March 28, 1881; sometimes spelled Modeste Moussorgsky), was an innovative Russian composer famed for his colourful, exotic, and lush orchestral pieces dedicated to various subjects of medieval Russian history. ... Night on Bald Mountain is the common name for , a musical piece by Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, a Russian composer and member of The Five, Mily Balakirevs group dedicated to producing a distinctly Russian kind of music. ... Chernabog is a fictional character who appears in the Night on Bald Mountain scene of Walt Disneys Fantasia ( 1940). ... For the crater on the moon, see Schubert (crater) Franz Schubert Franz Peter Schubert (January 31, 1797 – November 19, 1828), was an Austrian composer. ... Ellens dritter Gesang (D839, Op 52 no 6, 1825), Ellens third song in English, composed by Franz Schubert in 1825, is one of Schuberts most popular works for over a century after the composers death, although some misconceptions exist around it. ... A Roman Catholic monk A monk is a person who practices monasticism, adopting a strict religious and ascetic lifestyle, usually in community with others following the same path. ... Program music is music intended to musically represent, or accompany, an extra-musical theme, constrasting with absolute music. ... For the first Premier of Saskatchewan see Thomas Walter Scott Sir Walter Scott (August 14, 1771 - September 21, 1832) was a prolific Scottish historical novelist and poet popular throughout Europe. ... In an Arthurian legend, the Lady of the Lake gave King Arthur the sword known as Excalibur. ... The term Virgin Mary has several different meanings: For the historical and multi-denominational concept of Mary, see Mary, the mother of Jesus. ... Hail Mary or in Latin Ave Maria is a traditional Christian prayer to Mary, the mother of Jesus. ...


Only the Dukas work is a straight setting of the composer's original intention. The story told musically by Dukas is taken from Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's poem "Der Zauberlehrling (http://german.about.com/library/blgzauberl.htm)." The Dukas is often considered the best sketch in the film, and was the only sequence carried over into Fantasia 2000 (see below). Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (pronounced [gø tə]) (August 28, 1749 – March 22, 1832) was a German writer, politician, humanist, scientist, and philosopher. ...


The Sorcerer's Apprentice

In the late 1930s, Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse was losing his popularity with movie audiences. The Mickey Mouse cartoon shorts series had spawned the spin-off Donald Duck series, which was proving to be more popular (and profitable) than the Mickey Mouse series. Mickey's fame had also been eclipsed by that of Popeye the Sailor, a competing character and series from Fleischer Studios. Walt's brother and business partner Roy Oliver Disney urged Walt to discontinue the Mickey Mouse series because of its unprofitability, but Walt wasn't ready to give up on his favorite character just yet. He devised a special short that would be produced as a "comeback" film for Mickey Mouse: The Sorcerer's Apprentice, which would be completely silent save for the classical music piece by Paul Dukas (Walt feared that one of the reasons for Mickey's decline was the squeaky falsetto that Walt himself performed for Mickey). Walt Disney - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Mickeys most recognizable look has him wearing red shorts and yellow shoes. ... Mickeys most recognizable look has him wearing red shorts and yellow shoes. ... A short film (also short or short subject) is a motion picture that is shorter than the average feature film. ... Donald Duck is an animated cartoon and comic book character best known for his cartoons from Walt Disney Studios. ... Mickeys most recognizable look has him wearing red shorts and yellow shoes. ... Popeye from an opening still from one of his cartoon shorts, with his characteristic corncob pipe and single good eye. ... Fleischer Studios is an American New York animation company founded by the brothers, Max Fleischer and Dave Fleischer who ran the company from 1921-1942. ... Roy Oliver Disney (June 24, 1893–December 20, 1971). ... Mickeys most recognizable look has him wearing red shorts and yellow shoes. ... The Sorcerers Apprentice is the English name of both an 1897 symphonic poem by Paul Dukas (Lapprenti sorcier in French), and of a 1797 ballad by Goethe (Der Zauberlehrling in German), which inspired the musical work. ... Paul Dukas (October 1, 1865 – May 17, 1935) was a French composer of classical music. ...


As work began on The Sorcerer's Apprentice in 1938, Walt happened to meet famed composer Leopold Stokowski in a Hollywood restaurant. Stokowski offered to record the score for no charge, and assembled over 100 of the best musicians in Los Angeles to record the score to The Sorcerer's Apprentice. The Sorcerers Apprentice is the English name of both an 1897 symphonic poem by Paul Dukas (Lapprenti sorcier in French), and of a 1797 ballad by Goethe (Der Zauberlehrling in German), which inspired the musical work. ... Leopold Stokowski Leopold Stokowski (April 18, 1882 - September 13, 1977) (born Antoni Stanisław Bolesławowicz) was the conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the NBC Symphony Orchestra and the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra. ... Leopold Stokowski Leopold Stokowski (April 18, 1882 - September 13, 1977) (born Antoni Stanisław Bolesławowicz) was the conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the NBC Symphony Orchestra and the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra. ... This article is about the largest city in California. ... The Sorcerers Apprentice is the English name of both an 1897 symphonic poem by Paul Dukas (Lapprenti sorcier in French), and of a 1797 ballad by Goethe (Der Zauberlehrling in German), which inspired the musical work. ...


The animation department worked hard to make The Sorcerer's Apprentice one of the most ambitious works they'd ever completed. Animator Fred Moore redesigned Mickey to give his figure shape and form, and also to give him eyes with pupils for the first time on-screen. Everything about the film was done with extensive attention to detail and creativity: the color styling, the pacing and layout, the character animation, and the effects animation. The Sorcerers Apprentice is the English name of both an 1897 symphonic poem by Paul Dukas (Lapprenti sorcier in French), and of a 1797 ballad by Goethe (Der Zauberlehrling in German), which inspired the musical work. ... Fred Moore was an American character animator for Walt Disney Productions, best known for being the resident specialist of the animation of Mickey Mouse. ...


All of this excess came at a whopping price: $125,000, a price Walt (and especially Roy) knew they could never make back (to compare, most Disney shorts at this time averaged a cost of $40,000, which was $10,000 above the average budget for an animated cartoon outside of the Disney Studio. Disney's most successful short cartoon ever, Three Little Pigs (1933), had made $60,000). Taking Stokowski's advice, he decided to expand The Sorcerer's Apprentice into a "Feature Symphony" with several animated sequences set to music, of which The Sorcerer's Apprentice would be one. To provide continuity and explanation, the composer and music critic Deems Taylor was recruited to provide live-action narrative introductions at the beginning of each segment. Originally to be called the Concert Feature, Stokowski suggested the title "Fantasia" (which literally means " A medley of familiar themes, with variations and interludes." [1] (http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=fantasia)), which became the film's final title. Three Little Pigs is a fairy tale featuring talking animals. ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Sorcerers Apprentice is the English name of both an 1897 symphonic poem by Paul Dukas (Lapprenti sorcier in French), and of a 1797 ballad by Goethe (Der Zauberlehrling in German), which inspired the musical work. ... Silly Symphonies is a series of cartoons made by Walt Disney Productions. ... The Sorcerers Apprentice is the English name of both an 1897 symphonic poem by Paul Dukas (Lapprenti sorcier in French), and of a 1797 ballad by Goethe (Der Zauberlehrling in German), which inspired the musical work. ... Deems Taylor (born Joseph Taylor) (1885 - 1966) was a U.S. composer and music critic. ... Leopold Stokowski Leopold Stokowski (April 18, 1882 - September 13, 1977) (born Antoni Stanisław Bolesławowicz) was the conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the NBC Symphony Orchestra and the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra. ...


Fantasound

Main article: Fantasound Fantasound was an early stereophonic sound process developed by William E. Garity for the Walt Disney studio in 1940 for the motion picture Fantasia, making Fantasia the first commercial film with multichannel sound. ...


Stokowski enlisted the Philadelphia Orchestra, of which he was the conductor, to record the music for the six remaining segments. Walt was present on the sound stage during an early session, and was very pleased with what he was hearing until he heard the playback from the recording engineers. He felt the recorded version of the music sounded tinny and undynamic, and asked his engineers to see what they could do about developing a better sound system. The engineers (led by William E. Garity) responded by creating a multichannel (stereophonic) sound format they called Fantasound, making Fantasia the first commercial film ever to be produced in stereophonic sound. The film also marked the first use of the click track while recording the soundtrack, overdubbing of orchestral parts, and simultaneous multitrack recording. Leopold Stokowski Leopold Stokowski (April 18, 1882 - September 13, 1977) (born Antoni Stanisław Bolesławowicz) was the conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the NBC Symphony Orchestra and the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra. ... The Philadelphia Orchestra, based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is one of the United States major orchestras and one of the finest in the world. ... Surround sound is the concept of expanding the spatial imaging of audio playback from 1 dimension (mono/Left-Right) to 2D or 3D. This is often performed for a more realistic audio environment, actively implemented in cinema sound systems, technical theatre, home entertainment, video arcades, computer gaming, and a growing... Fantasound was an early stereophonic sound process developed by William E. Garity for the Walt Disney studio in 1940 for the motion picture Fantasia, making Fantasia the first commercial film with multichannel sound. ... Surround sound is the concept of expanding the spatial imaging of audio playback from 1 dimension (mono/Left-Right) to 2D or 3D. This is often performed for a more realistic audio environment, actively implemented in cinema sound systems, technical theatre, home entertainment, video arcades, computer gaming, and a growing... The click track originated in early sound movies, where marks were made on the film itself to indicate exact timings for musicians to synchronise their recordings to the moving image. ...


Always wanting to try new things, Walt also had plans to film Fantasia in widescreen and to spray different perfumes into the theatre at appropriate times during the Nutcracker Suite, but those plans were never fully carried out. A performance of The Nutcracker The story of The Nutcracker and the Mouse King was written by E. T. A. Hoffmann. ...


Production and synopsis of remaining segments

With The Sorcerer's Apprentice nearing completion, the rest of Fantasia entered production in early 1939, and the same attention to detail that was given to The Sorcerer's Apprentice was given to the other segments as well: The Sorcerers Apprentice is the English name of both an 1897 symphonic poem by Paul Dukas (Lapprenti sorcier in French), and of a 1797 ballad by Goethe (Der Zauberlehrling in German), which inspired the musical work. ... The Sorcerers Apprentice is the English name of both an 1897 symphonic poem by Paul Dukas (Lapprenti sorcier in French), and of a 1797 ballad by Goethe (Der Zauberlehrling in German), which inspired the musical work. ...

  • The Nutcracker Suite is a personified depiction of the changing of the seasons; first from summer to autumn, and then from autumn to winter. featured delicate fairies, fish, and flowers, many rendered carefully and painstakingly using techniques such as dry brush and airbrush.
  • The Rite of Spring, a condensed version of the history of the Earth from the formation of the planet, to the first living creatures, to the age, reign, and demise of the dinosaurs, showcased realistically animated prehistoric beasts, and utilized extensive and complicated special effects to depict volcanos, boiling lava, and earthquakes.
  • The brief Meet the Soundtrack sequence gives audiences a stylized example of how sound is rendered as waveforms to record the music for Fantasia. The sequence features inspired animation by effects animator Joshua Meador and his team, who give the soundtrack (initially a squiggly line which changes into various shapes based upon the individual sounds played on the soundtrack) a distinct and interesting personality.
  • Beethoven's Pastoral Symphony utilized delicate color stylings to depict a mythical ancient Grecian world of centaurs, centaurettes (a Disney studio creation), a pegasus and his family, and the gods of Mount Olympus. It tells the story of the mythological creatures gathering for a festival to honor Bacchus, the god of wine, which is interrupted by Zeus, who decides to have a little fun by throwing lightning bolts at the attendees.
  • The Dance of the Hours featured comic ostriches, hippos, elephants, and alligators allattempting to perform the actual The Dance of the Hours. The segment is animated with an energy and franticness rarely seen in Disney films.
  • Night on Bald Mountain segment is basically a showcase for animator Bill Tytla, who gave the demon Chernabog a power and intensity that was rarely equalled in subsequent Disney films. Bela Lugosi served as a live action model for Chernabog, and spent several days at the Disney studio, where he was filmed doing evil, demon-like poses for Tytla and his unit to use as a reference. Tylta later deemed this reference material and had studio colleague Wilfred Jackson perform in front of the cameras for the reference footage.
  • The horror of the demons, ghosts, skeletons, and harpies in Night on Bald Mountain comes to an abrupt end with the sound of church bells, which send Chernabog and his followers back into hiding, and, in one of the most effective (and complicated) multiplane camera shots the Disney studio ever did, the camera trucks far, far away from Bald Mountain to reveal a line of monks with lighted torches, and the camera slowly follows them as they walk slowly and solemnly through the forest to the sounds of the Ave Maria.
    The animation of the monks is some of the smallest animation ever done: the camera had to be so close to some of the work that it had to be rendered at only an inch or so high. Even a slight deviation in the width of the final painted line would have been distracting to a movie audience on the big screen. In fact according to some articles the entire sequence had to be re-shot twice, once because the wrong focal length lens was used, and once because of a small earth tremor that shook the animation planes out of alignment.
    The multiplane camera then finally trucks through the trees to reveal a beautiful sunrise as the film fades to its conclusion.

Toccata and Fugue in D Minor is the name of two different pieces by Johann Sebastian Bach: BWV 538 and BWV 565. ... Oscar Fischinger was a German artist, film-maker and animator. ... Toccata and Fugue in D Minor is the name of two different pieces by Johann Sebastian Bach: BWV 538 and BWV 565. ... The Philadelphia Orchestra, based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is one of the United States major orchestras and one of the finest in the world. ... The Sorcerers Apprentice is the English name of both an 1897 symphonic poem by Paul Dukas (Lapprenti sorcier in French), and of a 1797 ballad by Goethe (Der Zauberlehrling in German), which inspired the musical work. ... This article is about the largest city in California. ... Disney empire The name Disney may also refer to several aspects of the entertainment empire of The Walt Disney Company: The Walt Disney Company Walt Disney Pictures, the companys flagship motion picture studio Walt Disney Studios complex in Burbank, California The Disney Channel the companys theme parks and... Leopold Stokowski Leopold Stokowski (April 18, 1882 - September 13, 1977) (born Antoni Stanisław Bolesławowicz) was the conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the NBC Symphony Orchestra and the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra. ... The Philadelphia Orchestra, based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is one of the United States major orchestras and one of the finest in the world. ... A performance of The Nutcracker The story of The Nutcracker and the Mouse King was written by E. T. A. Hoffmann. ... Summer is one of the four temperate seasons. ... Autumn colours at Westonbirt Arboretum, Gloucestershire, England. ... Autumn colours at Westonbirt Arboretum, Gloucestershire, England. ... In many parts of the world, winter is associated with snow. ... The airbrush is a small, highly precise spray gun for applying paint. ... The Rite of Spring is a ballet with music by the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky. ... Orders Saurischia    Sauropodomorpha    Theropoda Ornithischia Dinosaurs are giant reptiles that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for most of their 165-million year existence. ... This article is about volcanoes in geology. ... Lava is molten rock that a volcano expels during an eruption. ... Global earthquake epicenters, 1963–1998. ... A schematic representation of auditory signaling Sound is an alternation in pressure, particle displacement, or particle velocity propagated in an elastic material (Olson 1957) or series of mechanical compressions and rarefactions or longitudinal waves that successively propagate through medium that are at least a little compressible (solid, liquid or gas... Waveform quite literally means the shape and form of a signal, such as a wave moving across the surface of water, or the vibration of a plucked string. ... Joshua Meador was an animator, special effects artist, and animation director for the Disney studio. ... Ludwig van Beethovens Symphony No. ... Ancient Greece is the term used to describe the Greek-speaking world in ancient times. ... See also centaur (planetoid), Centaur (rocket stage) Guido Reni, Abduction of Deianira, 1620-21 In Greek mythology, the centaurs (Greek: Κένταυροι) are a race part human and part horse, with a horses body and a human head and torso (illustration, right). ... In Greek mythology, Pegasus, or Pegasos was a winged horse that was the foal of Poseidon, in his role as horse-god and the Gorgon Medusa. ... This article is about deities or gods from a non-monotheistic perspective. ... This article refers to a mountain in Greece. ... A festival or fest is an event, usually staged by a local community, which centers on some theme, sometimes on some unique aspect of the community. ... Bacchus by Caravaggio The god Dionysus is occasionally confused with one of several historical figures named Dionysius, a theophoric name that simply means [servant] of Dionysus. ... A glass of white wine This article is about the beverage. ... Statue of Zeus The Greek sculptor Phidias created the 12-m (40-ft) tall Statue of Zeus in about 435 bc. ... Night on Bald Mountain is the common name for , a musical piece by Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, a Russian composer and member of The Five, Mily Balakirevs group dedicated to producing a distinctly Russian kind of music. ... Vladimir Peter Tytla (October 25, 1904–December 30, 1968) was one of the original Disney animators and is considered by many to be the best character animator working during The Golden Age of Hollywood animation. ... Chernabog is a fictional character who appears in the Night on Bald Mountain scene of Walt Disneys Fantasia ( 1940). ... 1931 film poster, promoting Bela Lugosis genre-defining turn as Dracula. ... Chernabog is a fictional character who appears in the Night on Bald Mountain scene of Walt Disneys Fantasia ( 1940). ... Night on Bald Mountain is the common name for , a musical piece by Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, a Russian composer and member of The Five, Mily Balakirevs group dedicated to producing a distinctly Russian kind of music. ... Chernabog is a fictional character who appears in the Night on Bald Mountain scene of Walt Disneys Fantasia ( 1940). ... The multiplane camera is a special motion picture camera used in the traditional animation process that moves a number of pieces of artwork past the camera at various speeds and at various distances from one another. ... For the crater on the moon, see Schubert (crater) Franz Schubert Franz Peter Schubert (January 31, 1797 – November 19, 1828), was an Austrian composer. ... The focal point F and focal length f of a positive lens, a negative lens, a concave mirror, and a convex mirror. ... Global earthquake epicenters, 1963–1998 An earthquake is a trembling or a shaking movement of the Earths surface. ...

Film presentation

Walt Disney intended for Fantasia to be more than just a film; it was to be an event, something you would have to reserve seats for and dress up to go see. Special program books were prepared for the film, featuring production artwork and photographs, dedications by both Walt and Stokowski, and the credits and synopsis for each segment. Each theatre was rigged with 30 or more speakers, all lined around the perimeter of the ceiling, to provide the full Fantasound experience. The format of the film follows that of a concert rather than a motion picture. Besides the Deems Taylor narration passages, a proper presentation of Fantasia features a 15-minute interlude, which falls between The Rite of Spring and the Meet the Soundtrack segment. Unusual for an American animated film, Fantasia has no opening or closing credits. During its intermission, a solitary title card is to be played over the movie theatre's closed curtain that contains only this text: Walt Disney - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Leopold Stokowski Leopold Stokowski (April 18, 1882 - September 13, 1977) (born Antoni Stanisław Bolesławowicz) was the conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the NBC Symphony Orchestra and the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra. ... Fantasound was an early stereophonic sound process developed by William E. Garity for the Walt Disney studio in 1940 for the motion picture Fantasia, making Fantasia the first commercial film with multichannel sound. ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as part of... Deems Taylor (born Joseph Taylor) (1885 - 1966) was a U.S. composer and music critic. ... The Rite of Spring is a ballet with music by the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky. ...


"Fantasia. Copyright 1940 by Walt Disney Productions (Inc). Color by Technicolor. RCA Sound System."


Release history

Fantasia was originally released in 1940 by Walt Disney Productions itself as a roadshow release, since Disney's distributor RKO Radio Pictures backed out of the film. Its first playdate (the premiere) was in New York City on November 13, 1940. The final scene to be shot (the long multiplane pan in the Ave Maria sequence) was shot, developed, printed, and rushed via airplane to New York that same day, where it was spliced into the film a mere four hours before showtime. Primarily because of the difficulty of getting the necessary speakers and audio equipment because of the looming potential danger of World War II, the full-length Fantasound version of Fantasia was only shown at 12 theatres, and only 16 Fantasound - equipped prints were ever made. The financial failure of Fantasia left Walt Disney in financial straits, which is why he followed Fantasia with a relatively low-budget feature, Dumbo. The Walt Disney Company (also known as Disney) (NYSE: DIS) is one of the largest media and entertainment corporations in the world. ... RoadShow is a Hong Kong media company that provides entertainment and advertisements to buses for passengers. ... The classic logo of RKO Radio Pictures. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 48 days remaining. ... 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The multiplane camera is a special motion picture camera used in the traditional animation process that moves a number of pieces of artwork past the camera at various speeds and at various distances from one another. ... For the crater on the moon, see Schubert (crater) Franz Schubert Franz Peter Schubert (January 31, 1797 – November 19, 1828), was an Austrian composer. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Fantasound was an early stereophonic sound process developed by William E. Garity for the Walt Disney studio in 1940 for the motion picture Fantasia, making Fantasia the first commercial film with multichannel sound. ... Fantasound was an early stereophonic sound process developed by William E. Garity for the Walt Disney studio in 1940 for the motion picture Fantasia, making Fantasia the first commercial film with multichannel sound. ... Walt Disney - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... DUMBO is the popular name of a neighborhood in Brooklyn, an acronym for Down Under the Manhattan Bridge Overpass. ...


Starting with the January 29, 1941 playdate in Los Angeles, California, RKO assumed distribution of Fantasia. They had the film's soundtrack remixed into monophonic sound, to make it easier to distribute, and added their logos to the film's solitary title card. January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Griffith Observatory and the Downtown Los Angeles skyline. ... Monophonic can mean: In music, see: Texture (music). ...


In 1942, RKO had the 125-minute Fantasia chopped down to 83 minutes (done by deleting the entire Toccata and Fugue in D Minor segment and shortening the live-action Deems Taylor sequences as much as possible). This version of the film was released nationwide (the first time Fantasia was given a wide release) with the infamous tagline "Fantasia Will Amazia!" Unfortunately, audiences were not responsive at all to the film, and it played as a B-film in most movie houses. 1942 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Toccata and Fugue in D Minor is the name of two different pieces by Johann Sebastian Bach: BWV 538 and BWV 565. ... Deems Taylor (born Joseph Taylor) (1885 - 1966) was a U.S. composer and music critic. ... The term B-movie originally referred to a film designed to be distributed as the lower half of a double feature, often a genre film featuring cowboys, gangsters or vampires. ...


Fantasia was edited once again in 1947, adding the Toccata and Fugue in D Minor back into the film, but still keeping the Deems Taylor sequences as short as possible. This is the version most familiar to the public and the version most future releases of Fantasia were based upon, and is therefore called the "General Release Version". 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Toccata and Fugue in D Minor is the name of two different pieces by Johann Sebastian Bach: BWV 538 and BWV 565. ... Deems Taylor (born Joseph Taylor) (1885 - 1966) was a U.S. composer and music critic. ...


The film never turned a profit until its 1967 re-release. By 1967, Fantasia had become immensely popular among teenagers and college students, many of whom would take illegal drugs like marijuana and LSD to "better experience the film." Disney therefore promoted the film as a "trip-film" for its 1967 re-release, even creating a psychedelic-styled poster to match this campaign. The re-release was a major success, especially with the psychedelic young adult crowd, many of whom would come lie down in the front row of the theatre and experience the film from there. 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Cannabis is a plant also known as Cannabis sativa, hemp, or marijuana. ... LSD blotter paper What it is - A rough guide D-Lysergic Acid Diethylamide, commonly called acid, LSD, or LSD-25, is a powerful semisynthetic hallucinogen and psychedelic entheogen. ... This entry pertains to the word psychedelic, its origin and uses. ...


The 1969 theatrical re-release was edited again to remove Sunflower, a black centaur. According to the Memory Hole (http://www.thememoryhole.org/arts/sunflower.htm), "Performing menial duties for the blonde, white female centaurs, Sunflower is a racial stereotype along the lines of Amos and Andy, Buckwheat, and Aunt Jemima." 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ...


For its 1982 re-issue, as motion picture sound technology was advancing, Disney decided to completely re-record the film's soundtrack with a new digital recording arranged and conducted by Irwin Kostal, marking the first ever release of a motion picture with digital stereo sound. However, judicial edits were made, including replacing Deems Taylor's original narration with a sound-alike. This would be the version released numerous times throughout the 1980s. 1982 is a number and represents a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar Events January-February January 6 - William Bonin is convicted of being the freeway killer. January 8 - AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions January 11 - Mark Thatcher, son of the British... Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 1960s and 1970s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ...


For its 50th Anniversary in 1990, Disney decided to go back to the original Fantasound tracks, and using whatever film elements were still available, restored the film to more or less its original format to closely resemble the 1947 General Release Version. Both the picture and the Fantasound tracks were digitally remastered, and thus a new generation was able to experience the film with Leopold Stokowski's original Philadelphia Orchestra recordings. 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fantasound was an early stereophonic sound process developed by William E. Garity for the Walt Disney studio in 1940 for the motion picture Fantasia, making Fantasia the first commercial film with multichannel sound. ... Fantasound was an early stereophonic sound process developed by William E. Garity for the Walt Disney studio in 1940 for the motion picture Fantasia, making Fantasia the first commercial film with multichannel sound. ...


Finally, for its 60th Anniversary DVD release, Disney recovered the remaining lost footage from the Deems Taylor segments that had been cut from the film decades earlier for general release, and was able to reconstruct the original 125-minute 1940 Roadshow version, complete with intermission. However, most of Taylor's narration for the long-lost sequences was unusable or missing, so Disney had voice actor Corey Burton come in and to completely re-record all of Taylor's lines, and some portions from the "Beethoven 6th Symphony" were "zoomed in" (to avoid showing the black centaur). Besides these issues, this is the most complete version of the film that currently exists. DVD is an optical disc storage media format that can be used for storing data, including movies with high video and sound quality. ... RoadShow is a Hong Kong media company that provides entertainment and advertisements to buses for passengers. ... A voice actor (or voice artist) is a person who provides voices for computer and video games, puppet shows, amusement rides, audio dramas, dubbed foreign language films, stop motion, and animation works (including cartoons, animated feature films, animated shorts), and radio and television commercials. ... Corey Burton is famous for voicing Ludwig Von Drake on Quack Pack, Dale and Zipper on Chip n Dale Rescue Rangers, Mole in Atlantis: The Lost Empire, and Captain Hook in Return to Never Land. ...


Critical reception

The movie won two Honorary Academy Awards: Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ...

  • Walt Disney, William E. Garity and J.N.A. Hawkins - For their outstanding contribution to the advancement of the use of sound in motion pictures through the production of Fantasia (certificate).
  • Leopold Stokowski (and his associates) - For their unique achievement in the creation of a new form of visualized music in Walt Disney's production Fantasia, thereby widening the scope of the motion picture as entertainment and as an art form (certificate).

Critics to this day differ in their evaluation of the film. There are certainly many critics who admire the film greatly, particularly the animation work, and as an American animated feature film made with an unprecedent level of artistic ambition. The film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry. Walt Disney - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Leopold Stokowski Leopold Stokowski (April 18, 1882 - September 13, 1977) (born Antoni Stanisław Bolesławowicz) was the conductor of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the NBC Symphony Orchestra and the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra. ... The National Film Registry is the registry of films selected by the United States National Film Preservation Board for preservation in the Library of Congress. ...


Others have taken a more negative view, often invoking the rather loaded word kitsch. For instance, the famed movie critic Pauline Kael wrote "'The Sorcerer's Apprentice,' featuring Mickey Mouse, and parts of other sequences are first-rate Disney, but the total effect is grotesquely kitschy." The Beethoven sequence is frequently singled out for criticism. Kitsch is a term categorizing art that is considered an inferior copy of an existing style. ... Pauline Kael (June 19, 1919 - September 3, 2001) was a well-known film critic who wrote for The New Yorker magazine. ...


Classical music lovers who know the pieces are sometimes offended by the cuts that were taken, which were particularly heavy in the Beethoven sequence. The cuts in The Rite of Spring angered Igor Stravinsky, the only living composer whose work was represented in the film. Classical music is music considered classical, as sophisticated and refined, in a regional tradition. ... Igor Fyodorovitch Stravinsky (Russian: ) (June 17, 1882 – April 6, 1971) was a Russian-American composer of modern classical music. ...


As expected about North American attitudes towards animation, the film is regularly recommended as an excellent means to introduce children to classical music. As it is, young children often enjoy the movie, particularly the dinosaur sequence. Parents who own a copy and let their children watch repeatedly are sometimes startled to hear their toddler singing passages of Stravinsky. A male Caucasian toddler child A child (plural: children) is a young human. ...


Updates

Disney had wanted to Fantasia to be an ongoing project, ideally with a new release each year. The plan was to repeat some of the scenes while replacing others with different music and animation, so that each version of the film would include both familiar material and new segments. However, the film's underwhelming box-office performance prevented such plans from being realized.


Clair De Lune

Ironically, one segment intended for the original Fantasia was completely animated, and then left out of the first release. Clair De Lune, a casualty of Fantasia's excessive length, made it to the final pencil test stages before being deleted. Ink and paint and Technicolor photography were completed in January 1942 with the intentions of releasing Clair De Lune as a short subject, which would not be done for fifty-four years. Instead, the sequence was later completely re-worked and re-scored as the Blue Bayou segment of Make Mine Music (1946). Clair de Lune (Moonlight in French) is the name of various works in various fields of the arts. ... January is the first month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1942 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Short film - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Make Mine Music is an animated feature produced by Walt Disney and released to theatres by RKO Radio Pictures on April 20, 1946. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


A workprint version of the original version of Clair De Lune was finally discovered, restored, and released by Disney as a stand-alone short subject in 1996; the accompanying Deems Taylor/Stowkowski footage was never found. This version of Clair De Lune can be found on disc 3 of the Fantasia Legacy DVD box set, or on the Disney Classic 'Fantasia' DVD (released in 2000) as a special feature. A workprint is a rough version of a motion picture, used by the film editor(s) during the editing process. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


Other proposed sequences and Fantasia 2000

Other segments such as Ride Of The Valkyries, Swan of Tuonela, and Flight of the Bumblebee were storyboarded but never fully animated, and thus were never put into production for inclusion in a future Fantasia release. Both World War II and overseas costs prevented Disney from revising Fantasia during his lifetime. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


Disney's dream was belatedly and finally realized with the 1999 release of Fantasia 2000 in IMAX theaters. Fantasia 2000 reused The Sorcerer's Apprentice with Mickey Mouse, but otherwise consisted entirely of new material. 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Fantasia 2000 is an animated film produced by Disney and first released on December 17, 1999. ... IMAX (for Image Maximum) is a film projection system which has the capacity to display images of far greater size and resolution than conventional film display systems. ...


Parodies

In 1943, Leon Schlesinger Productions (later Warner Bros. Cartoons) director Robert Clampett did a Fantasia spoof short film, A Corny Concerto, with Bugs Bunny, Porky Pig, and Daffy Duck acting out the musical segments (and Elmer Fudd doing an impression of Deems Taylor). Then, in 1976, Italian animator Bruno Bozzetto released his own Fantasia parody called Allegro non troppo. In 1994, an episode of the Simpsons ("Itchy and Scratchy Land") featured a Fantasia spoof. 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... Leon Schlesinger (1884 - December 25, 1949) was a Jewish producer at the Warner Bros. ... Termite Terrace is the nickname for the old building in Sunset Boulevard, Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, USA where Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies were first created. ... Robert Bob Clampett (May 8, 1913–May 4, 1984) was an animator, producer, director, and puppeteer best known for his work on the Looney Tunes series of cartoons from Warner Bros. ... A short film (also short or short subject) is a motion picture that is shorter than the average feature film. ... Bugs has appeared in numerous cartoons including the Looney Tunes series. ... Porky Pig, as seen in a Looney Tunes cartoon Porky Pig is a animated cartoon character in the Warner Bros. ... Daffy Dumas Duck is an animated cartoon character in the Warner Bros. ... The fictional cartoon character Elmer Fudd, now one of the most famous Looney Tunes characters has one of the more disputed origins in the Looney Tunes history (second only to Bugs Bunny himself). ... 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Italian cartoon animator, creator of many short pieces, mainly of a political or satirical nature. ... Itchy and Scratchy The Itchy & Scratchy Show is a fictional television cartoon show within the television cartoon show The Simpsons (see show-within-a-show). ...


See also

  • History of cinema

Origins of motion picture arts and sciences Any overview of the history of cinema would be remiss to fail to at least mention a long history of literature, storytelling, narrative drama, art, mythology, puppetry, shadow play, cave paintings and perhaps even dreams. ...

External links

  • Big Cartoon DataBase: Fantasia (http://www.bcdb.com/bcdb/cartoon.cgi?film=15&cartoon=Fantasia)
  • The Character Cut From Fantasia (http://www.thememoryhole.org/arts/sunflower.htm)
  • Fantasia (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0032455/) at the Internet Movie Database
  • Fantasia at JustDisney.com (http://www.justdisney.com/Features/Fantasia/)
  • "Fantasia" best selling video yet, 1991 (http://homepage.mac.com/gralston/Fantasia.html)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Movie Info for Fantasia on MSN Movies (427 words)
Fantasia, Walt Disney's animated masterpiece of the 1940s, grew from a short-subject cartoon picturization of the Paul Dukas musical piece The Sorcerer's Apprentice.
The program comes to a conclusion with a fearsome visualization of Mussorgsky's "Night on Bald Mountain", dominated by the fl god Tchernobog (referred to in the pencil tests as "Yensid", which is guess-what spelled backwards); this study of the "sacred and profane" segues into a reverent rendition of Schubert's "Ave Maria".
For one of the return engagements, the film was retitled Fantasia Will Amaze-ya, while the 1963 reissue saw the film "squashed" to conform with the Cinemascope aspect ratio.
Fantasia: 60th Anniversary Special Edition (1940) (3595 words)
Fantasia made its initial appearance on home video in late 1991, and a friend invested in the deluxe laserdisc boxed set even though he didn’t yet own a player.
Fantasia was an ambitious project that tried to integrate classical music and animation in a variety of styles.
To modern sensibilities, the fl centaurette in Fantasia is offensive, but it clearly wasn’t seen as such 60 years ago, and it should have remained as a depiction of the era’s standards.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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