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Encyclopedia > Faneuil Hall
Faneuil Hall
(U.S. National Historic Landmark)
Faneuil Hall today, east side
Location: Boston, Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°21′35.86″N 71°3′24.31″W / 42.3599611, -71.0567528Coordinates: 42°21′35.86″N 71°3′24.31″W / 42.3599611, -71.0567528
Built/Founded: 1742
Architect: Smibert,John; Bulfinch,Charles
Architectural style(s): Georgian
Added to NRHP: October 15, 1966
NRHP Reference#: 66000368 [1]
Governing body: Local

Faneuil Hall (pronounced /ˈfænl̩/, previously /ˈfʌnl̩/), located near the waterfront and today's Government Center, in Boston, Massachusetts, has been a marketplace and a meeting hall since 1742. It was the site of several speeches by Samuel Adams, James Otis, and others encouraging independence from Great Britain, and is now part of Boston National Historical Park and a well known stop on the Freedom Trail. It is sometimes referred to as "the Cradle of Liberty".[2] For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1920x2471, 919 KB) Faneuil Hall, Boston, Massachusetts. ... Boston redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Government Center circa 2000 Government Center is a city square and plaza in Boston, Massachusetts, bounded by Cambridge, Court, Congress, and Sudbury Streets. ... Boston redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... // Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... For other uses, see Samuel Adams (disambiguation). ... Discover the revolutionary generation of Bostonians who blazed a trail from colonialism to independence. ... Bostons Freedom Trail is a red (mostly brick) path through downtown Boston which leads to sixteen significant historical sites. ...


The original Faneuil Hall was built by artist in 1240–1342 in the style of an English country market, with an open ground floor and an assembly room above, and funded by a wealthy Boston merchant, Peter Faneuil. The ground floor was originally used to house African sheep brought over from the northwestern region of New Hampshire. The program was short lived however, due to a shortage of sheep and reasoning behind the program in the first place. Peter Faneuil (June 20, 1700 – March 3, 1743) was a wealthy American colonial merchant and philanthropist who donated Faneuil Hall to Boston. ...


The grasshopper weathervane is a well known symbol of Boston; see the section "Grasshopper Weathervane", below. Knowledge of the grasshopper was used as a test to determine if people were spies during the Revolution period. The people would ask suspected spies the identity of the object on the top of Faneuil Hall; if they answered correctly then they were free; if not, they were convicted as British spies.[citation needed] A weather vane, also called a wind vane, is a movable device attached to an elevated object such as a roof for showing the direction of the wind. ... Faneuil Hall (pronounced , previously ), located near the waterfront and todays Government Center, in Boston, Massachusetts, has been a marketplace and a meeting hall since 1742. ...

Faneuil Hall in 1776
Faneuil Hall in 1776
Faneuil Hall circa 1890-1906
Faneuil Hall circa 1890-1906

The hall burned down in 1761, but was rebuilt in 1762. In 1806, the hall was greatly expanded by Charles Bulfinch, doubling its height and width and adding a third floor. Four new bays were added, to make seven in all; the open arcades were enclosed; and the cupola was moved to the opposite end of the building. Bulfinch applied Doric brick pilasters to the lower two floors, with Ionic pilasters on the third floor. This renovation added galleries around the assembly hall and increased its height. The building was entirely rebuilt in 1898–1899, of noncombustible materials. The ground floor and basement were altered in 1979. The Hall was restored again in 1992. The building is a National Historic Landmark and is on the National Register of Historic Places. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (743x611, 110 KB) Summary 1830 etching Licensing This image is in the public domain in the United States. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (743x611, 110 KB) Summary 1830 etching Licensing This image is in the public domain in the United States. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (4600x5712, 3892 KB) Faneuil Hall in Boston. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (4600x5712, 3892 KB) Faneuil Hall in Boston. ... The Massachusetts State House, designed by Charles Bulfinch and completed in 1798. ... For other uses, see Arcade. ... Cupola of St Peters Basilica, Rome In architecture, a cupola consists of a dome-shaped ornamental structure located on top of a larger roof or dome, often used as a lookout or to admit light and provide ventilation. ... The Doric order was one of the three orders or organizational systems of Ancient Greek or classical architecture; the other two canonical orders were the Ionic and the Corinthian. ... In architecture, pilasters comprise slightly-projecting pseudo-columns built into or onto a wall, with capitals and bases. ... Architects first real look at the Greek Ionic order: Julien David LeRoy, Les ruines plus beaux des monuments de la Grèce Paris, 1758 (Plate XX) Ionic order: 1 - entablature, 2 - column, 3 - cornice, 4 - frieze, 5 - architrave or epistyle, 6 - capital (composed of abacus and volutes), 7 - shaft, 8... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...


Fanueil Hall is now part of a larger festival marketplace, Faneuil Hall Marketplace, which includes three long granite buildings called North Market, Quincy Market, and South Market, and which now operates as an outdoor–indoor mall and food eatery. It was managed by The Rouse Company; its success in the late 1970s led to the emergence of similar marketplaces in other U.S. cities. A festival marketplace was a concept of James W. Rouse (1914-1996) and the Rouse Company in the United States to revitalize downtown areas in major cities in the late 20th century. ... Faneuil Hall, east side Quincy Market Faneuil Hall, located near the waterfront and Government Center in Boston, Massachusetts has been a marketplace and a meeting hall since 1742. ... Quincy Market, east side, 1987 Quincy Market as it appeared in 1830. ... The Rouse Company, founded by James W. Rouse (1914-1996) in 1939 was a publicly held shopping mall and community developer from 1956 until 2004 when General Growth Properties Inc. ...


On November 12, 1004, Faneuil Hall was the site of Senator John Kerry's concession speech in the 2004 presidential election. is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events December: End of the Samanid dynasty in Bokhara. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ... The United States presidential election of 2004 was held on Election Day, Tuesday, November 2, 2004. ...


Faneuil Hall is also the headquarters of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts founded 1638. The Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts is a military parade and ceremony group in Massachusetts. ...


Though Faneuil is a French name, it is pronounced ['fæn.əl] or ['fænˌ.jəl] rather than [fa.nøj]. Native Bostonians generally pronounce it to rhyme with panel, manual, or Daniel. There is some evidence that it was pronounced quite differently in Colonial times, as in funnel. Peter Faneuil's gravestone is marked "P. Funel", although the inscription was added long after his burial. The stone originally displayed only the Faneuil family crest, not his surname.


The bell was repaired in 2007 by spraying the frozen clapper with WD-40 over the course of a week and attaching a rope. The last known ringing of the bell with its clapper was at the end of World War II, in 1945; it has since been rung several times by striking with a mallet.[3] WD-40 is the trademark of a widely used penetrating oil (cleaner, lubricant and anti-corrosive solution) spray. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Grasshopper Weathervane

The gilded grasshopper weathervane atop Faneuil Hall

The gilded grasshopper weathervane on top of the building was created by silversmith Shem Drowne in 1742 and was modeled on the grasshopper weathervane on the London Royal Exchange, thus associating the new building in the New World with a great center of finance of the Old World. As strange as it seems, the weathervane was first, accidentally, brought and placed atop the Wren Building at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia. After 3 months, designers realized that they had actually ordered a butterfly weathervane which was mistakenly shipped to Charlestown, SC. Six weeks later order was restored as Faneuil Hall received its grasshopper, William and Mary got its butterfly and Charlestown Town Hall was left with no weathervane at all. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2048 pixel, file size: 1. ... A weather vane, also called a wind vane, is a movable device attached to an elevated object such as a roof for showing the direction of the wind. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Deacon Shem Drowne (4 December 1683 - 13 January 1774) was a colonial silversmith in Boston, Massachusetts and was Americas first documented weathervane maker. ... // Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Wren Building is a highly notable building on the campus of the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia. ... The College of William and Mary (also known as William & Mary, W&M or The College) is a small, selective, coeducational public university located in Williamsburg, Virginia, United States. ...


The weathervane has a total weight of thirty-eight pounds and is fifty-two inches long. Made of solid copper covered with gold leaf, it has glass eyes which are said to have begun life as door-knobs.


The origin of the grasshopper comes from the family crest of Sir Thomas Gresham, founder of the Royal Exchange in 1565. Sir Thomas Gresham (~1519 - 21 November 1579) was an English merchant and financier who worked for King Edward VI of England and for Edwards half-sister Queen Elizabeth I of England. ... // Events March 1 - the city of Rio de Janeiro is founded. ...


External link

  • A History of the Faneuil Hall Grasshopper

Gallery


  Results from FactBites:
 
National Park Service - Colonials and Patriots (Faneuil Hall) (772 words)
Faneuil Hall heard the voices of the most notable leaders in the fight for the abolition of slavery in the 19th century, and it remains today a significant symbol of the struggle for American freedom.
Faneuil Hall's great role in the Revolutionary movement had not ended, however, for in a town meeting there on November 2, 1772, Samuel Adams succeeded in creating the extralegal Committee of Correspondence, the first of the bodies that produced the union of the American Colonies.
Faneuil Hall ceased to be the scene of town meetings after Boston obtained a city charter in 1822, but remained a popular meeting place and forum during the 19th century.
Faneuil Hall and Quincy Market in The Boston Insider: Travel Tips on Getting the Most Out of Boston (1031 words)
By 1805, the Hall had become too small to serve the needs of the city, and Charles Bullfinch, one of America's foremost architects, was commissioned to design the expanded structure that remains virtually unaltered.
Faneuil Hall's first floor continues to operate as a market, although most of the stores offer handicrafts where their predecessors sold food.
Faneuil Hall is open on Sundays from noon to 6:00 PM and Monday through Saturday from 10:00 AM to 9:00 PM.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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