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Encyclopedia > Fan District

The Fan is a district of Richmond, Virginia, so named because of the "fan" shape of the roads that extend west from N. Belvidere St., on the eastern edge of Virginia Commonwealth University's Monroe Park Campus, westward to "Boulevard." The Fan is bordered to the north by Broad Street and to the south by Cary Street. Many cafes and locally owned restaurants are located here, as well as historic Monument Avenue. Development of the Fan district was strongly influenced by the City Beautiful movement of the late 19th century. Richmond is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia, in the United States of America. ... Virginia Commonwealth University VCU logo Virginia Commonwealth University, or VCU, is a large public American research university with its main campuses located in downtown Richmond, Virginia. ... Boulevard, Richmond, Virginia (the street name does not include any definite article) is a historic street in Richmond, Virginia providing access to Byrd Park. ... Monument Avenue, in Richmond, Virginia, memorializes Confederate Heroes of the Civil War, and one Richmond native. ... The City Beautiful movement was a Progressive reform movement in North American architecture and urban planning that flourished in the 1890s and 1900s with the intent of using beautification and monumental grandeur in cities to counteract the perceived moral decay of poverty-stricken urban environments. ...


Architecture

The Fan is significant for having one of the longest intact stretches of Victorian architecture in the United States. The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles during the Victorian era: Neoclassicism Gothic Revival Italianate Second Empire Neo-Grec Romanesque Revival (Includes Richardsonian Revival) Renaissance Revival Queen Anne Jacobethan architecture (the precusor to the Queen Anne style) British Arts and Crafts movement painted...


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In April of 2005, the Virginia Center for Architecture opened Branch House, an architecture museum on Monument Avenue. The Branch House was a historic Richmond home designed in 1918 by John Russell Pope as a reproduction of an English Tudor manor house. The Buttermans, the historic home of John Newman, the butter king, is one of several Queen Anne mansions in Elgin, Illinois The Queen Anne style of British and American architecture reached its greatest popularity in the last quarter of the 19th century, manifesting itself in a number of different ways... The Colonial Revival was a nationalistic architectural style. ... The Tudor style, a term applied to the Perpendicular style, was originally that of the English architecture and decorative arts produced under the Tudor dynasty that ruled England from 1485 to 1603, characterized as an amalgam of Late Gothic style formalized by more concern for regularity and symmetry, with round... A Second Empire style house in historic Elgin, Illinois This article is about the Second Empire architectural style. ... ... Asheville City Hall. ... Notre-Dame Cathedral seen from the River Seine. ... A bungalow is any single story house. ... The Arts and Crafts movement was a reformist movement, at first inspired by the writings of John Ruskin, that was at its height between approximately 1880–1910. ... Jacobean - an early phase of English Renaissance architecture and decoration. ... Monument Avenue, in Richmond, Virginia, memorializes Confederate Heroes of the Civil War, and one Richmond native. ... The Jefferson Memorial, built 1939 — 1943 John Russell Pope (April 24, 1874 - August 27, 1937) was an architect most known for his designs of the Jefferson Memorial (completed in 1943) and the West Building of the National Gallery of Art (completed in 1941) in Washington, DC. Pope was born in... The Tudor style, a term applied to the Perpendicular style, was originally that of the English architecture and decorative arts produced under the Tudor dynasty that ruled England from 1485 to 1603, characterized as an amalgam of Late Gothic style formalized by more concern for regularity and symmetry, with round... For the area of Sheffield, in England, see Manor, Sheffield. ...


History

In 1817, The Fan was plotted as the village of Sydney on land formerly owned by William Byrd II. Primary development of the Fan occurred from after the Civil War until about 1920. Development was influenced by streetcar lines leading from downtown, where the first in the nation electric streetcar system was inaugurated in 1888. William Byrd II (1674-1744) was born at Westover, Virginia, and educated in England for the law. ... The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the United States – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly-formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Fan District Association - History (350 words)
The Fan was originally inherited in part by William Byrd from his uncle, and partly granged by royal Governor William Berkeley in the late 17th century.
The area which became the Fan was a small, rural settlement coalescence named either for the nearby tavern or for the skirmish which occurred between Benedict Arnold and local Revolutionary troops.In 1817, the entire are was divided into lots for the town of Sydney, which never materialized.
Building in the district was complete by 1920.Although the homes were designed and built by relatively few local architects and contractors, and extraordinary variety of styles and building treatments contribute both to the District's distinctive quality and cohesive identity.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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