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Encyclopedia > Fan (aficionado)
Fans of Janet Jackson, at Much Music in Toronto
Fans of Janet Jackson, at Much Music in Toronto

The word fan refers to someone who has an intense, occasionally overwhelming liking of a person, group of persons, work of art, idea, or trend. The word emerged as an Americanism around 1889, a shortened version of the word fanatic in reference to an enthusiastic follower of a baseball team. (Fanatic itself, introduced into English around 1525, means "insane person". It comes from the Modern Latin fanaticus, meaning "insanely but divinely inspired". The word originally pertained to a temple or sacred place (Latin fanum, poetic English fane). The modern sense of "extremely zealous" dates from around 1647; the use of fanatic as a noun dates from 1650.) This image is (C) Much Music, but was put on their press website as for the media. ... This image is (C) Much Music, but was put on their press website as for the media. ... Janet Damita Jo Jackson (born May 16, 1966) is an American singer-songwriter, producer, dancer, actress, and the youngest child of the famed Jackson music family. ... MuchMusic (often called Much) is a 24-hour cable television music video and variety television channel based in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, which debuted on August 31, 1984 as one of the first Canadian cable specialty channels on the air. ... The term fashion applies to a prevailing mode of expression. ... A view of the playing field at Busch Stadium II in St. ... Fans that are determined to be the number one fans of celebrities get the chance to meet their idols and usually hang out for a day. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... The Angkor Wat Hindu temple in Cambodia is the largest in the world. ...

Fans at a Soccer match (SC Heerenveen)
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Fans at a Soccer match (SC Heerenveen)

Supporter is a synonym to "fan" which predates the latter term and as such is still commonly used in British English, especially to denote fans of sports teams. However, the term "fan" has become popular throughout the English-speaking world, including the United Kingdom. It is also used in a political sense in the United States, to a fan of a President, political party, and a controversial issue. SC Heerenveen supporters. ... SC Heerenveen supporters. ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... S.C. Heerenveen (Frisian: SC It Hearrenfean) is a Dutch football club currently playing in the Eredivisie, the Dutch Premier Division. ... Regional dialects of british english British English (BrE) is a term used to differentiate between the form of the English language used in the British Isles and those used elsewhere. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Politics is the process and method of decision-making for groups of human beings. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ... A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... Look up Issue in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Although modern fans sometimes display irrational or uncritical admiration, most resent any association with the more extreme term fanatic because of its negative connotations. Fans that are determined to be the number one fans of celebrities get the chance to meet their idols and usually hang out for a day. ...


In addition to sports fans, other types of fans who have formed clubs, held conventions, and engaged in other forms of "fanac" (fan activity) include the science fiction fan, the Star Trek fan, the anime fan, the comic book fan, the Buffy the Vampire Slayer fan and the Dark Shadows fan. A club is generally an association of people united by a common interest or goal, as opposed to any natural ties of kinship. ... A fan convention, or con, is an event in which the fans of a particular TV show, comic book, or actor, or an entire style of entertainment such as science fiction or anime, gather together to meet famous personalities (and each other) face-to-face. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Star Trek collectively refers to an American science-fiction franchise spanning six unique television series (which comprise 726 episodes) and ten feature films, in addition to hundreds of novels, computer and video games, fan stories, and other works of fiction — all of which are set within the same fictional universe... // A scene from Cowboy Bebop (1998) Anime ) is a medium of animation originating in Japan, with distinctive character and background aesthetics that visually set it apart from other forms of animation. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... Buffy the Vampire Slayer was an American television series loosely based on the 1992 movie of the same name. ... Dark Shadows was a gothic television soap opera that originally aired weekdays on the ABC television network, from June 27, 1966 to April 2, 1971. ...


In trendy speech, fans may coalesce collectively into a fandom or a "fanbase". They may start a fan club, particularly when they are fans of music artists, actors, or television shows. Fandom (from the noun fan and the affix -dom, as in kingdom, dukedom, etc. ... Fandom (A fusion of the words fan and kingdom. ... A fan club is a group that is dedicated to a well known person, group, idea (such as history) or sometimes even an inanimate object (such as a famous building). ... Music is a form of expression in the medium of time using the structures of tones and silence. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ...


When expressing interest in an organized or consistent manner, fans can sometimes effect changes, especially in the media's portrayal of their subject, or in their own subject's behaviour. Some fans enjoy creating fanzines. A fanzine (see also: zine) is a nonprofessional publication produced by fans of a particular subject for the pleasure of others who share their interest. ...


When fans write fan mail to the objects of their interest, they expect a positive response; this can create considerable burdens for celebrities, who may react by fostering commercial fan clubs for admirers. Fan mail is mail sent to a public figure, especially a celebrity, by their admirers or fans. Fan mails may be in the form of letters, cards, artworks, gifts, and so on; depending on the recepient, it may also be possible to send fan mails via email. ... A celebrity is a person who is widely recognized (famous) in a society and commands a degree of public and media attention. ... A fan club is a group that is dedicated to a well known person, group, idea (such as history) or sometimes even an inanimate object (such as a famous building). ...


In a few cases, individual fans may become so obsessed with the objects of their infatuation that they become fanboys/fangirls (see below). These fans engage in behavious that are considered extreme or abnormal. This includes idolatry or other forms of worship, such as creating a personal shrine dedicated to the idol at one's home, and can sometimes extend to the point of the fans become stalkers. The neutrality of this article is disputed. ... In traditional usage, the cult of a religion, quite apart from its sacred writings (scriptures), its theology or myths, or the personal faith of its believers, is the totality of external religious practice and observance, the neglect of which is the definition of impiety. ... For other uses, see Stalking (disambiguation). ...

Contents


Characteristics of a fan

There are certain common characteristics to be found in fans interested in different topics and that these characteristics influence the behaviors of those involved in fan behavior (Thorne&Bruner 2006).


Those common characteristics include (Thorne&Bruner 2006):

  • internal involvement. Fans focus more of their time and resources intently on a specific area of interest then a non-fan would, and are not significantly concerned if non-fans (including family or friends) don't derive pleasure from the area of interest. Fans usually have a strong enough interest that small to major changes in their lifestyles are made to accommodate devotion to the focal object.
  • desire for external involvement - are motivated to demonstrate their involvement with the area of interest through certain behaviors (attending conventions, posting online, etc.)
  • wish to acquire - fans tend to express a strong desire to possess material objects related to the area of interest.
  • desire for social interaction with other fans. This again may take many forms, from casual conversation, e-mail, chat rooms, and electronic mailing lists to regular face-to-face meetings such as fan club meetings and organized conventions.

There are several groups of fans that can be differentiated by the intensity level of their the level of involvement or interest in the hobby (level of fanaticism) (Thorne&Bruner 2006). A fan convention, or con, is an event in which the fans of a particular TV show, comic book, or actor, or an entire style of entertainment such as science fiction or anime, gather together to meet famous personalities (and each other) face-to-face. ... Social interaction is a dynamic, changing sequence of social actions between individuals (or groups) who modify their actions and reactions due to the actions by their interaction partner(s). ... Fanaticism, from French fanatique or Latin fanaticus of a temple, inspired by a god is an emotion of being filled with excessive, uncritical zeal, particularly for an extreme religious or political cause, or with an obsessive enthusiasm for a pastime or hobby. ...


Fan vs. fanatic

For more details on this topic, see fanatic.

The difference between a fan and a fanatic is that while both have an overwhelming liking or interest in a given subject, behaviour of a fanatic will be viewed as violating prevailing social norms, while that of a fan will not violate those norms (although is usually considered unusual). (Thorne&Bruner 2006) Fans that are determined to be the number one fans of celebrities get the chance to meet their idols and usually hang out for a day. ... Fans that are determined to be the number one fans of celebrities get the chance to meet their idols and usually hang out for a day. ... In sociology, a norm, or social norm, is a pattern of behavior expected within a particular society in a given situation. ...


Types of fans

Fanboy

For more details on this topic, see Fanboy.

Fanboy or Fanboi is a term used to describe a male who is utterly devoted to a single subject or hobby, often to the point where it is considered an obsession. The term originated in comic book circles, to describe someone who was socially insecure and used comics as a shield from interaction, hence the disparaging connotations. Fanboys are often experts on minor details regarding their hobbies, such as continuity in fictional universes, and they take these details extremely seriously. The term itself is often used in a derogatory manner by less serious fans of the same material. Nevertheless, self-labeling usages of the term have been noted; in the songs of the fannish parody musician Luke Ski, many characters proudly consider themselves fanboys. The term is usually applied to people in their teens or 20s. Within this group, common objects of deference for fanboys are TV shows, movies, anime, cars, video game consoles, video games, operating systems, MMORPGs, ISPs and software companies. The letter sequence FANBOYS is a mnemonic for the coordinating conjunctions, which are used to join two independent clauses: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... A hobby is a spare-time recreational pursuit. ... Look up Obsession in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... In fiction, continuity is consistency of the characteristics of persons, objects, places and events seen by the reader or viewer. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... In contemporary usage, parody is a form of satire that imitates another work of art in order to ridicule it. ... A musician is a person who plays or composes music. ... The Great Luke Ski is the stage name of Luke Sienkowski, a filk musician who writes, records and performs comedy music. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... Film refers to the celluloid media on which movies are printed. ... // A scene from Cowboy Bebop (1998) Anime ) is a medium of animation originating in Japan, with distinctive character and background aesthetics that visually set it apart from other forms of animation. ... CAR is a three letter-acronym, that may stand for: Canadian Airborne Regiment Canadian Aviation Regulations Canonical anticommutation relation Caribou Municipal Airport (IATA airport code CAR) in Caribou, Maine, United States Center Axis Relock, a new shooting technique developed by Paul Castle Central African Republic Computer-assisted reporting Cordillera Administrative... A video game console is a dedicated electronic machine designed to play video games. ... Computer and video games A screenshot of Tetris for the Nintendo Game Boy A console game (better known as a video game) is a form of interactive multimedia used for entertainment, which consists of a moveable image displayed on a screen that is usually controlled and manipulated using a handheld... An operating system (OS) is an essential software program that manages the hardware and software resources of a computer. ... Players interacting in Ultima Online. ... An Internet service provider (ISP, also called Internet access provider or IAP) is a business or organization that offers users access to the Internet and related services. ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ...


Fangirl

The term fangirl can be used to describe a female member of a fandom community (as opposed to the masculine "fanboy"). Fangirls tend to be more devoted to emotional and romantic aspects of their fandom, especially shipping. However, it is most often used in a derogatory sense to describe a girl's obsession with something, most commonly a male teen idol or an aspect of Japanese pop culture. Fandom (from the noun fan and the affix -dom, as in kingdom, dukedom, etc. ... Fandom (from the noun fan and the affix -dom, as in kingdom, dukedom, etc. ... Shipping is a general term for emotional and/or intellectual involvement with the ongoing development of romance in a work of fiction. ... A word or phrase is pejorative or derogatory (sometimes misspelled perjorative) if it expresses contempt or disapproval; dyslogistic (noun: dyslogism) is used synonymously (antonyms: meliorative, eulogistic, noun eulogism). ... A teen idol is a famous person who generates attention from large numbers of teenagers. ... Japanese culture and language Japans isolation until the arrival of the Black Ships and the Meiji era produced a culture distinctively different from any other, and echoes of this uniqueness persist today. ...


Fangirl behaviour is believed to vary in intensity. On one end of the scale are those that, while harbouring a crush on a particular actor or character, are perfectly capable of understanding that the fulfilment of the crush is never going to happen. On the other end are the girls who are said to be obsessive in their claims on a fictional character. Fangirl behaviour can fall anywhere between these criteria, but the closer someone is believed to be towards the obsessive end, the more derogatory the use of the term 'fangirl' to describe them is perceived to be.


Teen Idol Fangirls

These fangirls will commonly hold a crush on a major male star, athelete or celebrity (common examples include Brad Pitt and Johnny Depp, see teen idol). This can range from a simple crush to the complete belief that the male celebrity is either madly in love with the fangirl, or will fall madly in love with the fangirl once he lays his eyes on her. William Bradley Brad Pitt (born December 18, 1963 in Shawnee, Oklahoma) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor. ... Johnny Depp (born John Christopher Depp II, June 9, 1963) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor. ... A teen idol is a famous person who generates attention from large numbers of teenagers. ...


Japanese Pop Culture Fangirls

These fangirls will often follow a particular aspect of Japanese pop culture, sometimes broad, but sometimes as focused as a single anime/manga series or even a fictional character. // A scene from Cowboy Bebop (1998) Anime ) is a medium of animation originating in Japan, with distinctive character and background aesthetics that visually set it apart from other forms of animation. ... For other uses, see Manga (disambiguation). ...


In the cases of particular anime or manga series, the fangirls are believed to hold less interest in the storyline, being more interested the potential for romantic relationships between the fictional characters of the series. In more extreme 'cases', the fangirl will claim that a particular character is in love or married to her, despite the physical impossibility of such a relationship.


These relationships will often be removed from the canon context of the series, and are often expressed in fanfiction. Examples of series' commonly claimed by fangirls include InuYasha, Saiyuki, Sailor Moon, the multiple Gundam series' (in particular Gundam Wing), and Full Metal Alchemist. It is believed that fangirls involved in these activities are belligerent and frightening. In the context of fiction, the canon of a fictional universe comprises those novels, stories, films, etc. ... Fan fiction (also spelled fanfiction and commonly abbreviated to fanfic) is fiction written by people who enjoy a film, novel, television show or other media work, using the characters and situations developed in it and developing new plots in which to use these characters. ... InuYasha )[1] is a popular shōnen manga and anime series created by Rumiko Takahashi. ... Saiyuki, known as Gensōmaden SaiyÅ«ki (幻想魔伝最遊記, Romanticized Tale of a Journey to the Extreme) in Japan, is a popular manga series created by Kazuya Minekura and loosely based on the famous Chinese novel Journey to the West (XÄ« Yóu Jì). It has been turned into an anime series... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Gundam (ガンダム) is one of the longest running mecha-series of anime featuring giant robots. ... New Mobile Report Gundam W (also known as Mobile Suit Gundam Wing) is a televised Anime series, which ran for 49 episodes beginning in 1995. ... Fullmetal Alchemist DVD cover by FUNimation Fullmetal Alchemist (鋼の錬金術師, Hagane no Renkinjutsushi in the original Japanese) is a 51-episode anime TV series which ran in Japan from October 4, 2003 to October 2, 2004. ...


Fangirls are believed to be the largest contributors to fanfiction websites, often disregarding the canon storyline or altering it to fit either their own favoured romantic pairings (known as shipping) or themselves into the continuity (termed self-insertions or Mary Sues). Another aspect of Japanese pop culture that has been dominated by fangirls is that of music- particularily rock and visual kei. It is far too common to find an obsessed fan of Gackt or any of the thousands of artists in the Japanese music scene. This too may lead fangirls to write fanfiction, make ridiculous claims and generally obsess about said artist. Fan fiction (also spelled fanfiction and commonly abbreviated to fanfic) is fiction written by people who enjoy a film, novel, television show or other media work, using the characters and situations developed in it and developing new plots in which to use these characters. ... Shipping is a general term for emotional and/or intellectual involvement with the ongoing development of romance in a work of fiction. ... Self-insertion is a literary device in which the real author of a work of fiction appears as a character within that fiction, either overtly or in disguise. ... Mary Sue (or simply Sue) is a pejorative expression for a fictional character who is an idealized stand-in for the author, or for a story with such a character. ... Visual Kei, literally visual type, refers to a movement in J-Rock which started in the 1980s and became widely popular in Japan by the 1990s. ... Gackt M.S. Camui (ガクト, but most often written in Latin alphabet, even in Japan) (pronounced ga-ku-to or gak-to) is a songwriter, vocalist, and multi-instrumentalist. ...


Big Name Fan

For more details on this topic, see Big Name Fan.

A Big Name Fan is a term for a fan who has achieved notoriety and respect within a fandom, usually for their fan fiction or fan art contributions. Big Name fans may have fans of their own and be asked for autographs. Among science fiction, comic book and fantasy fans, a Big Name Fan (BNF for short) is a member of a fandom who is particularly well-known, liked and celebrated for their contributions of art, fanfiction, or articles on fandom. ... Among science fiction, comic book and fantasy fans, a Big Name Fan (BNF for short) is a member of a fandom who is particularly well-known, liked and celebrated for their contributions of art, fanfiction, or articles on fandom. ... Fan fiction (also spelled fanfiction and commonly abbreviated to fanfic) is fiction written by people who enjoy a film, novel, television show or other media work, using the characters and situations developed in it and developing new plots in which to use these characters. ... Fan art or fanart is artwork that is based on a character, costume, item, or story that was created by someone other than the artist. ...


Otaku

For more details on this topic, see Otaku.

Otakus are fans focused on anime and manga. Overweight, unkempt, bespectacled and fantasizing about an anime heroine--a popular otaku stereotype. ... Overweight, unkempt, bespectacled and fantasizing about an anime heroine--a popular otaku stereotype. ...


Trekkies

Trekkie are fans focused on the Star Trek science fiction franchise. Trekkie (or Trekker) is a term that in recent decades has been used to describe a fan of the Star Trek science fiction franchise. ... Star Trek collectively refers to an American science-fiction franchise spanning six unique television series (which comprise 726 episodes) and ten feature films, in addition to hundreds of novels, computer and video games, fan stories, and other works of fiction — all of which are set within the same fictional universe... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ...


Gaming fans

Gaming fans (gamers) are fans focused on gaming, usually role-playing games, board games, miniature wargames, collectible card games or computer games. This article needs cleanup. ... Gaming is an umbrella term that includes a number of special hobby game types: Board games Collectible card games Computer and video games Tabletop wargaming (i. ... A role-playing game (RPG) is a type of game in which players assume the roles of characters and collaboratively create narratives. ... A board game is any game played on a board (that is, a premarked surface) with counters or pieces that are placed on, removed from, or moved across the board. ... Miniature wargaming is a form of wargaming designed to incorporate miniatures or figurines into play. ... Collectible card games (CCGs), also called customizable card games or trading card games, are played using specially designed sets of cards. ... A computer game is a game composed of a computer-controlled virtual universe that players interact with in order to achieve a defined goal or set of goals. ...


Professional Wrestling fans

Fans of American professional wrestling can be divided into two groups; marks and smarks.


Mark

A mark is a professional wrestling fan who believes that everything associated with pro wrestling is real, rather than recognizing the existence of kayfabe (that is, it is a work).


A mark can also refer to a devoted fan, either of a particular wrestler, wrestling company, or the sport itself.


A mark is also someone who believes everything about a certain wrestling organization is good. This type of mark tends to overlook bad decisions that the organization makes (or to cast said decisions in a positive light) and overreact to the good ones.


Smark

A smark is a wrestling fan who understands that professional wrestling is choreographed, is privy to the behind-the-scenes operations, and enjoys following the on-screen product as well as the off-screen, backstage affairs. It is abbreviated professional wrestling slang of the portmanteau "smart mark."


Many smarks are part of the "IWC", or Internet Wrestling Community, a general term for the legions of wrestling fans who use the Internet as their means of communication.


Smarks define themselves by embracing the "workrate", or talent level, of wrestlers. They will spite the celebrated "big men" in favor of smaller, faster wrestlers with a wider variety of moves. They typically despise those whom they see as wielding too much power backstage and support underdogs who they feel have been overlooked by management.


See also

Addiction is a compulsion which perpetuates itself. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Fanposter (concatenated noun consisting of Fan and Poster) refers to a community of Fans (supporter) sharing common interests in a particular sport, hobby or genre who want to express their relation within this community by placing themselves on a poster (map) in close proximity. ...

Reference

  • Scott Thorne, Gordon C. Bruner, Qualitative Market Research: An International Journal, 2006, Volume: 9, Issue: 1, online

External links

  • Comunidad Futbolera Mundial
  • Online Etymology Dictionary
  • CommonCensus Sports Map Project - A map of US sports fans, based on voting

  Results from FactBites:
 
Fan (aficionado) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1735 words)
Fans focus more of their time and resources intently on a specific area of interest then a non-fan would, and are not significantly concerned if non-fans (including family or friends) don't derive pleasure from the area of interest.
Fans usually have a strong enough interest that small to major changes in their lifestyles are made to accommodate devotion to the focal object.
Otakus are fans focused on anime and manga.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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