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Encyclopedia > Falmouth, Massachusetts
Falmouth, Massachusetts
Nobska Lighthouse, Falmouth
Nobska Lighthouse, Falmouth

Seal
Location in Barnstable County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 41°33′05″N 70°36′55″W / 41.55139, -70.61528
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Barnstable
Settled 1660
Incorporated 1686
Government
 - Type Representative town meeting
 - Town
   Administrator
Robert Whritenour
Area
 - Town  54.4 sq mi (141.0 km²)
 - Land  44.2 sq mi (114.6 km²)
 - Water  10.2 sq mi (26.4 km²)
Elevation  10 ft (3 m)
Population (2000)
 - Town 32,660
 - Density 738.2/sq mi (285.0/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02540
Area code(s) 508 / 774
FIPS code 25-23105
GNIS feature ID 0618253
Website: http://www.town.falmouth.ma.us/

Falmouth is a town in Barnstable County, Massachusetts, Barnstable County being coextensive with Cape Cod. The population was 32,660 at the 2000 census. Today Falmouth is well known as the terminal for the Steamship Authority ferries to Martha's Vineyard and as the home of several scientific organizations such as the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, WHOI, The Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) and the Woods Hole Research Center, WHRC. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 227 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Falmouth_ma_highlight. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Massachusetts counties This is a list of Massachusetts counties, consisting of the 14 Massachusetts counties currently in existence. ... Barnstable County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... A Representative Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature used in Massachusetts. ... A city manager is an official appointed as the administrative manager of a city, in a council-manager form of city government. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 508 was split from area code 617 on July 16, 1988. ... Area code 774 is an overlay of parts of area code 508. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... The system of local government in use in New England is very different from that found throughout the rest of the United States. ... Barnstable County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the area of Massachusetts known as Cape Cod. For other uses, see Cape Cod (disambiguation). ...


The Falmouth Commodores of the Cape Cod Baseball League play at Arnie Allen Diamond at Guv Fuller Field from mid-June to early August. The Falmouth Commodores are a team in the Cape Cod Baseball League. ... The Cape Cod Baseball League (CCBL) is a baseball league located on Cape Cod in the U.S. state of Massachusetts, in which many college baseball stars play during the summer. ...


Falmouth is the home of its namesake Falmouth Road Race, an annual race started in 1973 that draws over 10,000 runners from all over the world. The CIGNA Falmouth Road Race is an annual 7-mile road race on Cape Cod from Woods Hole, a village in the town of Falmouth, Massachusetts, to Falmouth Heights. ...


For geographic and demographic information on specific parts of the town of Falmouth, please see the articles on East Falmouth, Falmouth Village, North Falmouth, Teaticket, West Falmouth, and Woods Hole. There are also the villages of Hatchville and Waquoit, which are not census-designated places. East Falmouth is a census-designated place and village located in the town of Falmouth in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. ... North Falmouth is a census-designated place and village located in the town of Falmouth in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. ... Teaticket is a census-designated place and village located in the town of Falmouth in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. ... West Falmouth is a census-designated place and village located in the town of Falmouth in Barnstable County, Massachusetts. ... Woods Hole is a census-designated place and village within the town of Falmouth in Barnstable County, Massachusetts, at the extreme southwest corner of Cape Cod, near the island of Marthas Vineyard, and is the site of three famous scientific institutions: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, the Marine Biological Laboratory... A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ...

Contents

History

Falmouth was first settled in 1660 and was officially incorporated in 1686, and named by Bartholomew Gosnold for Falmouth, Cornwall, England, his home port. Early principal activities were farming, salt works, whaling and shipping, and sheep. Sheep husbandry was very popular due to the introduction of Merino sheep and the beginnings of water-powered mills that could process the wool. In 1837, Falmouth averaged about 50 sheep per sq. mile. Bartholomew Gosnold (1572 - August 22, 1607) was an English lawyer, explorer, and privateer. ... Falmouth (Cornish: Aberfal) is a seaport on the River Fal on the south coast of Cornwall, England, UK. It is both a town and a civil parish. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Australian Sheep Sheep husbandry is the raising and breeding of domestic sheep. ...


Falmouth saw brief action in the War of 1812 when it was bombarded by several British frigates and ships of the line, and Massachusetts militia hastily entrenched themselves on the beaches to repulse a possible British landing which never came. By 1872 the train had come to Falmouth and Woods Hole and some of the first summer homes were established. By the late 1800s cranberries were being cultivated and strawberries were being raised for the Boston market. Large scale dairying was tried in the early 1900s in interior regions. After the improvement in highways, and thanks in part to the heavy use of neighboring Camp Edwards during WWII, population growth increased significantly. There were large home building booms in the 1970s followed by others in the 1980s and 1990s. This article is about the U.S. – U.K. war. ... Sailing frigates were 4th, 5th, or 6th-rated ships in the rating system of the Royal Navy. ... Ships of the line were 1st, 2nd, or 3rd-rated ships in the rating system of the Royal Navy. ... Militia of the Colony and later Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Otis Air National Guard Base (ANGB) (ICAO is KFMH) is an Air National Guard station located within the Massachusetts Military Reservation (MMR), a military training facility, located on the upper western portion of Cape Cod. ...


It is the birthplace in 1859 of Katharine Lee Bates, lyricist of America the Beautiful. Katharine Lee Bates, (August 12, 1859 – March 28, 1929), is remembered as the author of the words to the anthem America the Beautiful. Bates was born in Falmouth, Massachusetts. ... America the Beautiful is an American patriotic song which rivals The Star-Spangled Banner, the national anthem of the United States, in popularity. ...


Geography

Juniper Point, the eastern point of Wood's Hole in Falmouth.
Juniper Point, the eastern point of Wood's Hole in Falmouth.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 141.0 km² (54.4 mi²). 114.6 km² (44.2 mi²) of it is land and 26.4 km² (10.2 mi²) of it (18.70%) is water. Falmouth, like all Cape Cod, sits on glacial sands composed of glacial outwash and morainal deposits. The climate is temperate marine. There is no exposed bedrock. Rainfall is evenly distributed throughout the year and averages 2 to 3 inches per month. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 750 pixel, file size: 84 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 750 pixel, file size: 84 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Falmouth lies on the southwestern tip of Cape Cod. It is bordered by Bourne and Sandwich to the north, Mashpee to the east, Vineyard Sound to the south, and Buzzards Bay to the west. At its closest point, Falmouth is approximately 560 yards from Nonamesset Island, the easternmost island of the town of Gosnold and the Elizabeth Islands. It is also approximately 3-1/3 miles north-northwest of Martha's Vineyard, the closest land to the island. Falmouth is approximately fourteen miles south of the Bourne Bridge, twenty miles east of Barnstable, and seventy miles south-southeast of Boston. Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Barnstable County Settled 1640 Incorporated 1884 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  52. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Barnstable County Settled 1637 Incorporated 1639 Government type Open town meeting Area    - Town  44. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Barnstable County Settled 1660 Incorporated 1870 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  27. ... Map of Buzzards Bay. ... Nonamesset Island is the most easterly of the Elizabeth Islands of Dukes County, Massachusetts, USA. The island has a land area of 1. ... Gosnold is a town located in Dukes County, Massachusetts. ... The Elizabeth Islands, off the coast of Massachusetts The Elizabeth Islands are a chain of small islands extending southwest from the southern coast of Cape Cod, Massachusetts in the United States. ... Map of Marthas Vineyard. ... The Bourne Bridge carries Massachusetts Route 28 across the Cape Cod Canal, connecting Cape Cod with the rest of Massachusetts, USA. Most traffic approaching from the north follows Massachusetts Route 25, which ends at Route 28, just north of the bridge, and provides freeway connections from Interstate 495 and Interstate... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Barnstable County Settled 1637 Incorporated 1638 Government  - Type Council-manager city  - Town    Manager John C. Klimm Area  - City  76. ... “Boston” redirects here. ...


Falmouth's topography is similar to the rest of Cape Cod's, with many small ponds, creeks and inlets surrounded by the pines and oaks of the Cape and oftentimes rocky beachfront. Falmouth's southern shore is notable for a series of ponds and rivers spaced very closely together, all of which travel some distance into the town. These include, from west to east, Falmouth Inner Harbor, Little Pond, Great Pond (which leads to the Dexter and Coonamesset Rivers), Green Pond, Bourne's Pond, Eel Pond (which leads to Childs River), and Waquit Bay, which lies along the Mashpee town line. The Buzzards Bay side of the town is similar, with the largest inlet being Megansett Cove along the Bourne town line. Childs River and environs The Childs River, also known as Childs River, is a short river near Falmouth, Massachusetts on Cape Cod. ...


Transportation

Falmouth's main route is Route 28, which arcs through the town from the northwest corner to the southeast. From the Bourne town line until just south of its junction with Route 28A (which until that point runs parallel), Route 28 is a divided, limited-access highway. For the rest of its distance, it is a surface road, snaking its way through the town. As it is one of the two major east-west routes on the Cape, Route 28 is extremely busy. However, due to its passage through congested and built-up parts of town, it would be impossible to expand the route. Massachusetts Route 28 // MA Route 28 Northern Terminus: NH 28, New Hampshire State Line, Methuen, Massachusetts Southern Terminus: US 6, Orleans, Massachusetts Cities along the route Lawrence Boston Brockton Middleborough Falmouth Hyannis Chatham Spur/Alternate Routes West Falmouth - Pocasset: MA Route 28A (originally part of Route 28 before freeway bypass... Massachusetts Route 28A // MA Route 28A Northern Terminus: Pocasset, Massachusetts Southern Terminus: Falmouth, Massachusetts Communities along the route Bourne Pocasset North Falmouth West Falmouth About MA Route 28A MA Route 28A parallels the MA Route 28 freeway section on Cape Cod. ...


Also important is Route 151, which runs from a point near the northwest corner of the town (where it connects with 28, which is still limited-access), and follows just south of the town line until crossing the eastern line into Mashpee (where it ends in a junction with 28). Massachusetts Route 151 // Routing Western Terminus: West Falmouth, Massachusetts (Route 28) Eastern Terminus: Mashpee, Massachusetts (Route 28A) About Route 151 Route 151 Begins at a rotary in Mashpee and travels on an east-west path to West Falmouth, passing by the Barnstable County Fairgrounds along the way. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Barnstable County Settled 1660 Incorporated 1870 Government  - Type Open town meeting Area  - Town  27. ...


Falmouth is also home to The Woods Hole, Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket Steamship Authority. Daily ferry service brings tourists, residents and businesses alike from the mainland to Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard. It is the main ferry line between the Vineyard and the mainland (as Nantucket is further west, its main line leaves Hyannis). There is no rail service to the town. There is a private air park in East Falmouth[1], and the nearest national and international air service can be reached at Logan International Airport in Boston. The M/V Sankaty at the dock in Woods Hole. ... Nantucket is an island south of Cape Cod, Massachusetts, formed of glacial moraine. ... Map of Marthas Vineyard. ... For the Logan airport in Billings, Montana, see Billings Logan International Airport. ...


Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 32,660 people, 13,859 households, and 8,980 families residing in the town. The population density was 285.0/km² (738.2/mi²). There were 20,055 housing units at an average density of 175.0/km² (453.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.39% White, 1.82% Black or African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.92% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.44% from other races, and 1.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.28% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 13,859 households out of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.84. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the town the population was spread out with 20.7% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and 22.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males.


The median income for a household in the town was $48,191, and the median income for a family was $57,422. Males had a median income of $41,797 versus $28,867 for females. The per capita income for the town was $27,548. About 4.5% of families and 6.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Government

Falmouth is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as a part of two districts, the Third Barnstable (which also includes portions of Barnstable, Bourne and Mashpee), and the Barnstable, Dukes and Nantucket District, which includes all of Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. The town is represented in the Massachusetts Senate as a part of the Plymouth and Barnstable district, which includes Bourne, Kingston, Pembroke, Plymouth, Plympton, Sandwich and portions of Barnstable.[2] The town is patrolled by the Seventh (Bourne) Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police.[3] The Massachusetts House of Representatives is the lower house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ... The Massachusetts Senate is the upper house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ... The Massachusetts State Police (MSP) is an agency of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Executive Office of Public Safety responsible for criminal law enforcement and traffic vehicle regulation across the state. ...


On the national level, Falmouth is a part of Massachusetts's 10th congressional district, and is currently represented by Bill Delahunt. The state's senior (Class I) member of the United States Senate, re-elected in 2006, is Ted Kennedy. The junior (Class II) Senator, up for re-election in 2008, is John Kerry. The 10th District includes the South Shore of Massachusetts, running from Quincy to Weymouth and Abington and includes all of Cape Cod, Nantucket and Marthas Vineyard. ... William D. (Bill) Delahunt (born July 18, 1941), has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1997, representing the 10th District of Massachusetts. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Edward Moore Ted Kennedy (born February 22, 1932) is the senior United States Senator from Massachusetts and a member of the Democratic Party. ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ...


Falmouth is governed by the representative town meeting form of government, led by a board of selectmen. The town operates its own police and fire departments, with a central police station and five fire stations. The town's central library, currently (3/2007) closed and under repair, is located downtown, and there are also four branches located throughout town. There are seven post offices in town for the seven ZIP codes, although several overlap and the main office handles the majority of the work. Falmouth is also the site of Falmouth Hospital, which serves the Upper Cape region. A Representative Town Meeting is a form of municipal legislature used in Massachusetts. ... The Board of Selectmen is commonly the executive arm of town government in New England. ... Mr. ...


Education

Falmouth's public school system serves about 4,500 students yearly. There are four schools ( East Falmouth, Mullen-Hall, North Falmouth, and Teaticket) which serve the elementary school population, from pre-kindergarten to fourth grade. The Morse Pond Middle School serves grades five and six, while the Lawrence Junior High School serves grades seven and eight. High School covers grades 9-12. FHS's athletics teams are nicknamed the Clippers, and their colors are maroon and white. They compete in the Atlantic Coast League, having moved recently from the Old Colony League. Their chief rival is nearby Barnstable High School. The public schools are supported in part by the Volunteers in Public Schools (VIPS), various PTO associations, the Falmouth Scholarship Association, the newly created Falmouth Education Foundation(FEF), and the Woods Hole Science Technology Partnership.


Falmouth is also the home of two private schools: Falmouth Academy, a private school which serves grades 7 through 12; and Heritage Christian Academy, a pre-kindergarten through eighth grade school which is affiliated with the Assemblies of God. Falmouth high school students may also choose to attend the Upper Cape Regional Technical School in Bourne free of charge, or Sturgis Charter Public School in Hyannis, also free of charge. Falmouth Academy Falmouth Academy (also known as FA) is a private preparatory school for day students in grades 7-12 located in Falmouth, Massachusetts on Cape Cod. ... For other uses, see Assemblies of God (disambiguation). ...


Notable residents

Casey Affleck (born August 12, 1975) is an American actor. ... Katharine Lee Bates, (August 12, 1859 - March 26, 1929), is remembered as the author of the words to the anthem America the Beautiful. ...

References

  1. ^ airnav.com
  2. ^ Index of Legislative Representation by City and Town, from Mass.gov
  3. ^ Station D-7, SP Bourne

External links


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