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Encyclopedia > Fallow Deer
Fallow Deer

Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Genus: Dama
Species: D. dama
Binomial name
Dama dama
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Range1: Native2: Possibly native3: Early human introductions4: Modern human introductions
Range
1: Native
2: Possibly native
3: Early human introductions
4: Modern human introductions

The Fallow Deer (Dama dama) is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 553 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (768 × 832 pixel, file size: 233 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) männlicher Damhirsch Male fallow deer (Dama dama) Daim mâle Photo : B.Navez - Vallée des daims (Junhac - Cantal - France) - 10 JUL 2005 File... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... Image File history File links Status_iucn2. ... Least Concern (LC) is an IUCN category assigned to extant species or lower taxa which have been evaluated but do not qualify for any other category. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the presence of sweat glands, including those that produce milk, and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex... Families Suidae Hippopotamidae Tayassuidae Camelidae Tragulidae Moschidae Cervidae Giraffidae Antilocapridae Bovidae The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Genera About 15 in 4 subfamilies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 23, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 370 pixelsFull resolution (1357 × 628 pixel, file size: 36 KB, MIME type: image/png) Dama dama distribution map 1 Native 2 Possibly native, or very early introductions by man 3 Early introductions by man (before c. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Ruminantia. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the presence of sweat glands, including those that produce milk, and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex... Genera About 15 in 4 subfamilies. ...


The male is a buck, the female is a doe, and the young a fawn. Bucks are 140-160 cm long and 90-100 cm shoulder height, and 60-85 kg in weight; does are 130-150 cm long and 75-85 cm shoulder height, and 30-50 kg in weight. Fawns are born in spring at about 30 cm and weigh around 4.5 kg. The life span is around 12 years.

Albinistic variant of Fallow Deer, in Beijing Zoo
Albinistic variant of Fallow Deer, in Beijing Zoo

The species is very variable in colour, with four main variants, "common", "menil", "melanistic" and "albinistic". The common form has a brown coat with white mottles that are most pronounced in summer with a much darker coat in the winter. The albinistic is the lightest coloured, almost white; common and menil are darker, and melanistic is very dark, even black (easily confused with the Sika Deer). Most herds consist of the common form but have menil form and melanistic form animals amongst them (the three groups do not stay separate and interbreed readily). Image File history File links Fallow deer Dama dama Photo taken by Henripekka Kallio in Beijing Zoo, China, August 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Fallow Deer ... Image File history File links Fallow deer Dama dama Photo taken by Henripekka Kallio in Beijing Zoo, China, August 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Fallow Deer ... “Peking” redirects here. ... “Albino” redirects here. ... Binomial name Cervus nippon Temminck, 1838 Subspecies The Sika Deer Cervus nippon is a typical member of the family Cervidae. ...


Only bucks have antlers, these are broad and shovel-shaped. They are grazing animals; their preferred habitat is mixed woodland and open grassland. During the rut bucks will spread out and females move between them, at this time of year fallow deer are relatively ungrouped compared to the rest of the year when they try to stay together in groups of up to 150. For the Poet Laureate of Milwaukee, see Antler (Poet). ...

Contents

Distribution and history

The Fallow Deer was a native of most of Europe during the last Interglacial. In the Holocene, the distribution was restricted to the Middle East and possibly also parts of the Mediterranean region, while further southeast in western Asia was the home of a close relative, the Persian Fallow Deer (Dama mesopotamica), that is bigger and has larger antlers. In the Levant, Fallow Deer were an important source of meat in the Palaeolithic Kebaran-culture (17000-10000 BC), as is shown by animal bones from sites in northern Israel, but the numbers decreased in the following epi-Palaeolithic Natufian culture (10000-8500 BC), perhaps because of increased aridity and the decrease of wooded areas. The Holocene epoch is a geological period, which began approximately 11,550 calendar years BP (about 9600 BC) and continues to the present. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Binomial name Dama mesopotamica (Brooke,, 1875) The Persian Fallow Deer (Dama mesopotamica) is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. ... The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic – lit. ... Kebarans were the first anatomically modern humans to live in the eastern Mediterranean area (c. ... The Epipalaeolithic (or Epi-Palaeolithic, Epipaleolithic, or Epi-Paleolithic) was a period in the development of human technology that immediately precedes the neolithic period, as an alternative to mesolithic. ... The Natufian culture existed in the Mediterranean region of the Levant. ...


The Fallow Deer was spread across central Europe by the Romans. Until recently it was thought that the Normans introduced them to Great Britain and to Ireland for hunting in the royal forests. However recent finds at Fishbourne Roman Palace show that Fallow Deer were introduced into southern England in the first century AD. It is not known whether these escaped to form a feral colony, or whether they died out and were reintroduced by the Normans. A royal forest has been a concept of land management England since the late eleventh century. ... Mosaics at Fishbourne Roman Palace Fishbourne Roman Palace, in the village of Fishbourne in West Sussex, is one of the most important archaeological sites in England. ...


The Fallow Deer is easily tamed and is often kept semi-domesticated in parks today. In more recent times, Fallow Deer have also been introduced in parts of the United States. In some areas of Central Georgia, wild fallow deer, not having any natural enemies, have increased to numbers that cause serious damage to young trees.


One noted historical herd of fallow deer is located in the Ottenby Preserve in Öland, Sweden where Karl X Gustav erected a drystone wall some four kilometres long to enclose a royal fallow deer herd in the mid 1600s; the herd still exists as of 2006 (Environmental Baseline Study, Lumina Technologies, Öland, Sweden, July, 2004). Ottenby is a nature reserve at the southern tip of the island of Öland in Sweden. ... For the Finnish island, see Ã…land. ... Charles X Gustav (Karl X Gustav) (November 8, 1622 – February 13, 1660), was King of Sweden from 1654 until his death. ... It has been suggested that Rock fence be merged into this article or section. ...


Name

The Latin word damma, used for roe deer, gazelles and antelopes lies at the root of the modern scientific name, the late Latin dama, and the German "Damhirsch", French "daim", Dutch "Damhert", Italian "daino". The Hebrew name of the fallow deer, יחמור (yahmur) comes from the Aramaic language. In Aramaic language, 'חמרא' (hamra) means 'red' or 'brown'. Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The European Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) is a deer species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caspian coastal regions. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the herbivorous mammals. ... Aramaic is a group of Semitic languages with a 3,000-year history. ...


References

  • Deer Specialist Group (1996). Dama dama. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 12 May 2006.
  • Deer UK: Fallow Deer.
  • Clutton-Brock, J. (1978). A Natural History of Domesticated Animals. London, British Museum.
  • Lyneborg, L. (1971). Mammals [of Europe]. ISBN 0-7137-0548-5.
  • Stretton, D., Level 1 DSC Training Manual
  • Donington Deer Park Website Donington Deer

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species and can be found here. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... The British Museum in London, England is one of the worlds greatest museums of human history and culture. ...

External link

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  Results from FactBites:
 
fallow deer - definition of fallow deer in Encyclopedia (371 words)
The Fallow Deer (Dama dama) is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae.
In the Levant, fallow deer was an important source of meat in the Palaeolithic Kebaran-culture (17.000-10.000 BC), as is shown by animal bones from sites in northern Israel, but the numbers decreased in the following epi-Palaeolithic Natufian culture (10.000-8.500 BC), perhaps because of increased aridity and the decrease of wooded areas.
The fallow deer was spread across central Europe and Britain by the Romans.
Persian Fallow Deer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (300 words)
The Persian Fallow Deer (Dama mesopotamica) is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae.
Deer from Epirus in Greece are said to have reached Corfu in the same manner.
While Red Deer are known to cross open water in their seasonal migrations, for example on the Scottish islands, this behaviour is unknown in Fallow Deer.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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