FACTOID # 16: In the 2000 Presidential Election, Texas gave Ralph Nader the 3rd highest popular vote count of any US state.

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Encyclopedia > Fallacy of division

A fallacy of division occurs when someone reasons logically that something that is true of a thing must also be true of its constituents. For example, an airplane may fly across the ocean, but it is illogical to believe one of its jet engines could fly across the ocean.

The opposite of this fallacy is called fallacy of composition which arises when one claims the whole is true because its component is true.

A system which as a whole has certain properties that its individual elements do not, is called emergent.

Results from FactBites:

 Fallacy of composition - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (203 words) A fallacy of composition arises when one infers that something is true of the whole from the fact that it is true of some (or even every) part of the whole. This fallacy is often confused with the fallacy of hasty generalization, in which an unwarranted inference is made from a sample to the population from which it is drawn. The fallacy of composition is the converse of the fallacy of division.
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